Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 34
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515727

RESUMO

Strain CA7T, a Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, aerobic and rod-shaped bacterial strain, was isolated from raw cow's milk collected from a farm affiliated with Chung-Ang University, Anseong, Korea, and characterized by a polyphasic approach. Optimal growth of strain CA7T was observed on tryptic soy agar at 30 °C and pH 7.0 with 0 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain CA7T belonged to the genus Chryseobacterium. The most closely related strains (16S rRNA gene sequence similarity indicated in parentheses), based on the phylogenetic analysis, were Chryseobacterium rhizosphaerae KCTC 22548T (98.08 %), Chryseobacterium nakagawai CCUG 60563T (98.61 %), Chryseobacterium jejuense KACC 12501T (97.85 %) and Chryseobacterium aurantiacum KCTC 62135T (97.78 %). Whole genome sequencing indicated that the genome size was 5 125 723 bp and had a DNA G+C content of 37.4 mol%. Average nucleotide identity values for strain CA7T with C. rhizosphaerae, C. nakagawai, C. jejuense, C. aurantiacum, and the type species of the genus Chryseobacterium, C. gleum, were 80.2, 79.8, 79.8, 79.6 and 80.4 %, respectively. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of CA7T compared to C. rhizosphaerae, C. nakagawai, C. jejuense, C. aurantiacum and C. gleum were 24.1, 23.9, 23.9, 23.7 and 24.3 %, respectively. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1 ω7c). Menaquinone-6 was the only respiratory quinone. The major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. Based on this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain CA7T represents a novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium for which the name Chryseobacterium vaccae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CA7T (=KACC 21402T=JCM 33749T).

2.
J Anim Sci Technol ; 62(3): 420-422, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568267

RESUMO

Streptococcus hyointestinalis B19 was isolated from chicken feces collected from local farm in Anseong, Korea. S. hyointestinalis B19 was shown to produce bacteriocin-like compounds exhibiting inhibitory activities against several pathogens including strains of Clostridium perfringens and Listeria monocytogenes. The whole genome of S. hyointestinalis B19 strain was sequenced using PacBio RS II platform. The genome comprised four contigs with a size of 2,217,061 bp. The DNA G + C content was found to be 42.95 mol%. Annotation results revealed 2,266 coding sequences (CDSs), 18 rRNAs, and 61 tRNA genes. Based on genome analysis, we found that the strain B19 possessed various genes associated with bacteriocin synthesis, modification, and transport.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 260: 112999, 2020 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32454173

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dohongsamul-tang (DST) is a traditional herbal formula used to promote the blood circulation and inhibit inflammation, and also widely has been used in the treatment of patients with chronic liver diseases in Korea and China. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the effect of DST on regulation of lipid metabolism of chronic liver diseases in mouse model of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the effect of DST on high-fat and high-cholesterol diet (HFHC, 40% fat and 1% cholesterol)-induced NAFLD, and applied unbiased lipidomics using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF MS) coupled with multivariate analysis. RESULTS: DST improved hepatic morphology and reduced levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT). In addition, DST inhibited hepatic lipid accumulation through the downregulation of C/EBPα, PPARγ, and pAMPK. To further elucidate the effect of DST on hepatic lipid metabolism, we applied UPLC/Q-TOF MS-based lipidomics. The score plots of partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) showed that DST changed the lipid metabolic pattern of high-fat and high-cholesterol diet (HFHC) mice. Twenty-two lipid metabolites were selected as biomarkers regulated by DST and pathway analysis revealed that sphingolipid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism were associated with the effect of DST on NAFLD. Among the 22 selected biomarkers, 14 were phospholipids, and DST significantly reversed the increased expression of lysophospholipase 3 (LYPLA3) and neuropathy target esterase (NTE), which are key enzymes in glycerophospholipid metabolism. Given that alterations in sphingolipids and phospholipids can have effects on apoptosis and insulin resistance (IR), we subsequently investigated changes in the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, including Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2), and IR-related markers after DST treatment. We accordingly found that the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 expression, a maker of apoptosis, was also elevated in HFHC mice and reduced by DST treatment. In addition, DST enhanced hepatic insulin signaling by upregulating the expression of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) and phospho-protein kinase B (pAKT), and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) analysis indicated that this herbal preparation also ameliorated systemic IR. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that DST might have an effect on NAFLD by regulating the metabolism of lipids such as phospholipids and sphingolipids and demonstrated that lipidomic profiling is useful to investigate the therapeutic effects of herbal decoctions from traditional Korean and Chinese medicine.

4.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 30(4): 526-532, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32238766

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, designated B301T and isolated from raw chicken meat obtained from a local market in Korea, was characterized and identified using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells were gram-negative, non-motile, obligate-aerobic coccobacilli that were catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The optimum growth conditions were 30°C, pH 7.0, and 0% NaCl in tryptic soy broth. Colonies were round, convex, smooth, and cream-colored on tryptic soy agar. Strain B301T has a genome size of 3,102,684 bp, with 2,840 protein-coding genes and 102 RNA genes. The 16S rRNA gene analysis revealed that strain B301T belongs to the genus Acinetobacter and shares highest sequence similarity (97.12%) with A. celticus ANC 4603T and A. sichuanensis WCHAc060041T. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values for closely related species were below the cutoff values for species delineation (95-96% and 70%, respectively). The DNA G+C content of strain B301T was 37.0%. The major respiratory quinone was Q-9, and the cellular fatty acids were primarily summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c/C16:1 ω7c), C16:0, and C18:1 ω9c. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidyl-glycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidyl-serine. The antimicrobial resistance profile of strain B301T revealed the absence of antibiotic-resistance genes. Susceptibility to a wide range of antimicrobials, including imipenem, minocycline, ampicillin, and tetracycline, was also observed. The results of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic analyses indicate that strain B301T represents a novel species of the genus Acinetobacter, for which the name Acinetobacter pullorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B301T (=KACC 21653T = JCM 33942T).

5.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(4): 727-732, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792599

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, named S23T, was isolated from chicken meat of local market in Korea. Cells were Gram-negative, milky-yellow colored, non-motile and coccobacillus. The strain was obligate aerobic and catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, optimum growth temperature and pH were 25 °C and pH 7.0, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain S23T belongs to the genus Acinetobacter and is most closely related to Acinetobacter defluvii KCTC 52503 T (97.40%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) value between strain S23T and its closet phylogenetic neighbors was below 76% and 17%, respectively. The G + C content of genomic DNA of strain S23T was 41.53 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was Q-9. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), C18:1ω9c, and C16:0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanol-amine, and phosphatidylserine. The ANI and dDDH results and results of the genotypic analysis in combination with chemotaxonomic and physiological data demonstrated that strain S23T represented a novel species within the genus Acinetobacter, for which the name Acinetobacter pullicarnis sp. nov. is proposed. The strain type is S23T (= KACC 19921 T = JCM 33150 T).


Assuntos
Acinetobacter/classificação , Acinetobacter/genética , Galinhas/microbiologia , Carne/microbiologia , Acinetobacter/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3478-3484, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424383

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterial strain, designated CA10T, was isolated from bovine raw milk sampled in Anseong, Republic of Korea. Cells were yellow-pigmented, aerobic, non-motile bacilli and grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7.0 on tryptic soy agar without supplementation of NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CA10T belonged to the genus Chryseobacterium, family Flavobacteriaceae, and was most closely related to Chryseobacterium indoltheticum ATCC 27950T (98.75 % similarity). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain CA10T were 94.4 and 56.9 %, respectively, relative to Chryseobacterium scophthalmum DSM 16779T, being lower than the cut-off values of 95-96 and 70 %, respectively. The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6; major polar lipid, phosphatidylethanolamine; major fatty acids, iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl), summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The results of physiological, chemotaxonomic and biochemical analyses suggested that strain CA10T is a novel species of genus Chryseobacterium, for which the name Chryseobacterium mulctrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CA10T (=KACC 21234T=JCM 33443T).


Assuntos
Chryseobacterium/classificação , Leite/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Bovinos , Chryseobacterium/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Feminino , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
Phytomedicine ; : 152936, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Traditional Korean and Chinese medicine, the herbal remedy Yijin (Erchen)-Tang (YJT) is widely used to treat obesity-related disorders, and its therapeutic potential has been demonstrated in numerous studies. However, the systemic effect of YJT on obesity status and change of lipid metabolism by YJT still remains unknown. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic mechanism of the YJT on obesity by using lipidomics. METHODS: To evaluate the effects of treatment with YJT on obesity, C57BL/6 J mice were fed a high-fat and high-cholesterol (HFHC, 40% fat and 1% cholesterol) diet for 8 weeks and treated them with YJT for an additional 6 weeks. We then performed untargeted lipidomic analysis using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry mass spectroscopy coupled with multivariate statistical analysis. RESULTS: YJT ameliorated obesity induced systemic inflammation and improved insulin resistance. Additionally, YJT protected against HFHC-diet-induced hepatic inflammation. To explore specific changes in lipid metabolism associated with the therapeutic effects of YJT, we performed untargeted lipid profiling of the plasma. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) score plots showed that YJT altered the lipid metabolic pattern of HFHC mice. In particular, ceramides and triglycerides with saturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids were significantly changed by YJT, which were significantly associated with insulin resistance, the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications and adipocytokine signaling pathway in pathway enrichment analysis. Thus, we analyzed the changes in adipocytes and adipokine caused by YJT, and confirmed that YJT alleviated adipocytes inflammation and macrophage infiltration, and reversed HFHC-induced alterations in leptin and adiponectin levels in adipose tissue and plasma. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that YJT ameliorates obesity-induced systemic inflammation and insulin resistance by regulating lipid metabolism, and demonstrated that lipidomic profiling is a useful method to investigate the therapeutic effects of herbal decoctions in traditional Korean and Chinese medicine.

8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(6): 1628-1633, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30938667

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, non-motile, non-spore-forming, aerobic and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated 17S1E7T, was isolated from the Han River, Republic of Korea, and characterized by polyphasic taxonomy analyses. Strain 17S1E7T grew optimally on tryptic soy agar at 37 °C and pH 7.0 in the absence of NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain 17S1E7T belonged to the genus Chryseobacterium and was most closely related to Chryseobacterium culicis DSM 23031T (98.54 %). The average nucleotide identity value of strain 17S1E7T was 91.1 % to Chryseobacterium culicis DSM 23031T, which was lower than the cut-off of 95-96 %. The DNA G+C content of strain 17S1E7T was 37.4 mol%. Flexirubin-type pigments were produced. The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone 6. The major fatty acids of strain 17S1E7T were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c). The predominant polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. Based on polyphasic taxonomy data, strain 17S1E7T represents a novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium, for which the name Chryseobacterium aureum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 17S1E7T (=KACC 19920T=JCM 33165T).


Assuntos
Chryseobacterium/classificação , Filogenia , Rios/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Chryseobacterium/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959862

RESUMO

Environmental factors may play roles in the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and some studies have shown that air pollution was associated with the development of autoimmune disease. This study was designed to investigate the effect of air pollutants on the development of adult RA. A nested case-control cohort study was performed using the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort during 2002⁻2014 in Korea. Air pollution data were collected from the National Ambient Air Monitoring System (NAMIS), and exposure levels were extrapolated using geographic information systems. The group with RA (n = 444) was compared with a propensity score-matched control group (n = 1776), and one-year average concentrations of air pollution were predicted at each patient's residence. The adjusted binary logistic regression analysis showed a positive association between O3 exposure and the incidence risk of RA for the third (odds ratios (OR) = 1.45, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.08⁻1.96) and fourth (OR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.00⁻1.83) quartiles in adults over 20 years of age. The third quartile CO exposure was also associated with an increased risk of RA (OR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.16⁻2.12). The results of this nationwide population-based study showed that a one-year exposure to CO and O3 in adults was associated with an increased risk of RA.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Poluição do Ar/análise , Monóxido de Carbono/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Korean Med Sci ; 34(10): e85, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30886551

RESUMO

Background: A positive association between birth weight (BW) and body mass index (BMI) has been shown among children in many populations. The aim of this study was to investigate BMI trajectory according to BW status and the protective effect of breastfeeding on the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children 6 years of age. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2016 utilizing data from the National Health Information Database of Korea. The 38,049 subjects were followed until the end of 2016, providing that subjects were completely eligible for all health check-ups from birth to 6 years of age. At each check-up period, multiple logistic regressions were used to investigate the association between BW status (low birth weight [LBW], normal birth weight [NBW], high birth weight [HBW]) and growth development. Results: HBW infants were highly likely to be overweight/obese compared to NBW infants (odds ratio [OR], 1.70-2.35) and LBW infants were highly likely to be underweight (OR, 1.69-2.20) through 6 years of age. The risk of overweight/obesity decreased significantly if HBW infants were breast-fed for 6 months (OR, 0.54-0.76). Conclusion: HBW status is associated with overweight/obesity during early childhood. Exclusive breastfeeding is a significant protective factor against overweight/obesity in children with HBW.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Peso ao Nascer , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30210572

RESUMO

Obesity has become a major health threat in developed countries. However, current medications for obesity are limited because of their adverse effects. Interest in natural products for the treatment of obesity is thus rapidly growing. Korean medicine is characterized by the wide use of herbal formulas. However, the combination rule of herbal formulas in Korean medicine lacks experimental evidence. According to Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica, the earliest book of herbal medicine, Bupleuri Radix (BR) and Scutellariae Radix (SR) possess the Sangsoo relationship, which means they have synergistic features when used together. Therefore these two are frequently used together in prescriptions such as Sosiho-Tang. In this study, we used the network pharmacological method to predict the interaction between these two herbs and then investigated the effects of BR, SR, and their combination on obesity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. BR, SR, and BR-SR mixture significantly decreased lipid accumulation and the expressions of two major adipogenic factors, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-alpha (C/EBPα), and their downstream genes, Adipoq, aP2, and Lipin1 in 3T3-L1 cells. In addition, the BR-SR mixture had synergistic effects compared with BR or SR on inhibition of adipogenic-gene expressions. BR and SR also inhibited the protein expressions of PPARγ and C/EBPα. Furthermore, the two extracts successfully activated AMP-activated protein kinase alpha (AMPK α), the key regulator of energy metabolism. When compared to those of BR or SR, the BR-SR mixture showed higher inhibition rates of PPARγ and C/EBPα, along with higher activation rate of AMPK. These results indicate a new potential antiobese pharmacotherapy and also provide scientific evidence supporting the usage of herbal combinations instead of mixtures in Korean medicine.

12.
Int J Anal Chem ; 2018: 6019549, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29983713

RESUMO

An inter-laboratory study was performed to evaluate the performance of a method developed for the quantification of enrofloxacin in chicken meat. Liquid-liquid extraction combined with a clean-up procedure based on solid-phase extraction followed by a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method was used by three individual laboratories. All the investigated results of calibration curves and limits of quantification were within the acceptable range for regulatory testing of enrofloxacin. The three laboratories received blind a certified reference material to analyze in triplicate and assess using statistical analysis. From the results, no statistical differences were found between the laboratories in the precision of the method. Additionally, all the results of the z-score, which is an indication of fixed interval bias criteria for accuracy from the laboratories, fell within the allowable limits (±2σ). Based on this proficiency testing by inter-laboratory comparisons, the analytical method including the sample preparation step was proven to be applicable.

13.
Biomaterials ; 178: 401-412, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29752077

RESUMO

We report on a tissue adhesive hydrogel based on novel recombinant tyrosinase mediated crosslinking. The adhesive hydrogels were fabricated by the site-directed coupling of tyramine-conjugated hyaluronic acid (HA_t, 1% w/v) and gelatin (3% w/v) (HG_gel) with novel tyrosinase derived from Streptomyces avermitilis (SA_Ty). The enzyme-based crosslinking by SA_Ty was fast, with less than 50 s for complete gelation, and the SA_Ty based crosslinking enhanced the physical properties and adhesive strength of the hydrogel significantly with the native tissue samples. Furthermore, by optimizing the injection conditions, we tailored the enzyme-based crosslinking hydrogels to be injectable and sprayable with a medical syringe and commercial airbrush nozzle, respectively. An in vivo analysis of the adhesive hydrogel showed a negligible immune reaction. In this study, demonstrate that the novel enzyme-based crosslinking hydrogel has a robust potential in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Matriz Extracelular/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/farmacologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Adesivos Teciduais/farmacologia , Agaricales/enzimologia , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Módulo de Elasticidade , Injeções , Camundongos , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Reologia , Suínos
14.
J Biomech ; 71: 4-21, 2018 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29559242

RESUMO

Surgical bone drilling is performed variously to correct bone fractures, install prosthetics, or for therapeutic treatment. The primary concern in bone drilling is to extract donor bone sections and create receiving holes without damaging the bone tissue either mechanically or thermally. We review current results from experimental and theoretical studies to investigate the parameters related to such effects. This leads to a comprehensive understanding of the mechanical and thermal aspects of bone drilling to reduce their unwanted complications. This review examines the important bone-drilling parameters of bone structure, drill-bit geometry, operating conditions, and material evacuation, and considers the current techniques used in bone drilling. We then analyze the associated mechanical and thermal effects and their contributions to bone-drilling performance. In this review, we identify a favorable range for each parameter to reduce unwanted complications due to mechanical or thermal effects.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/instrumentação , Animais , Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Estresse Mecânico
15.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 13597, 2017 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29051579

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the effect of diet on the atherosclerotic heart's metabolism is unclear. We used an integrated metabolomics and lipidomics approach to evaluate metabolic perturbations in heart and serum from mice fed an atherogenic diet (AD) for 8, 16, and 25 weeks. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics revealed significant changes in sulfur amino acid (SAA) and lipid metabolism in heart from AD mice compared with heart from normal diet mice. Higher SAA levels in AD mice were quantitatively verified using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Lipidomic profiling revealed that fatty acid and triglyceride (TG) levels in the AD group were altered depending on the degree of unsaturation. Additionally, levels of SCD1, SREBP-1, and PPARγ were reduced in AD mice after 25 weeks, while levels of reactive oxygen species were elevated. The results suggest that a long-term AD leads to SAA metabolism dysregulation and increased oxidative stress in the heart, causing SCD1 activity suppression and accumulation of toxic TGs with a low degree of unsaturation. These findings demonstrate that the SAA metabolic pathway is a promising therapeutic target for CVD treatment and that metabolomics can be used to investigate the metabolic signature of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Dieta Aterogênica/efeitos adversos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/química , Animais , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Cromatografia Líquida , Lipídeos/sangue , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo , Estearoil-CoA Dessaturase/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
Nat Commun ; 8: 14374, 2017 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28176759

RESUMO

Dynamic regulation of glucose flux between aerobic glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is not well-understood. Here we show that Snail (SNAI1), a key transcriptional repressor of EMT, regulates glucose flux toward PPP, allowing cancer cell survival under metabolic stress. Mechanistically, Snail regulates glycolytic activity via repression of phosphofructokinase, platelet (PFKP), a major isoform of cancer-specific phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1), an enzyme involving the first rate-limiting step of glycolysis. The suppression of PFKP switches the glucose flux towards PPP, generating NADPH with increased metabolites of oxidative PPP. Functionally, dynamic regulation of PFKP significantly potentiates cancer cell survival under metabolic stress and increases metastatic capacities in vivo. Further, knockdown of PFKP rescues metabolic reprogramming and cell death induced by loss of Snail. Thus, the Snail-PFKP axis plays an important role in cancer cell survival via regulation of glucose flux between glycolysis and PPP.


Assuntos
Glucose/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Fosfofrutoquinase-1 Tipo C/genética , Fosfofrutoquinase-1/genética , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glicólise , Humanos , NADP/metabolismo , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Via de Pentose Fosfato/genética , Fosfofrutoquinase-1/metabolismo , Fosfofrutoquinase-1 Tipo C/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/genética
17.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 47(6): 756-769, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29326407

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the effects of a smart program for the patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (SP-PCI) on coronary disease-related knowledge, health behaviors, and quality of life. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group with a non-synchronized design was utilized and 48 participants (experimental=22, control=26) were recruited from a university hospital in Gyeongsang area from May to December, 2016. The 12-week SP-PCI consisted of self-study of health information using smart phone applications (1/week), walking exercise (>5/week) using smart band, feedback using Kakao talk (2/week), and telephone counseling (1/week). Patients in the control group received usual care from their primary health care providers and a brief health education with basic self-management brochure after the PCI. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 program through descriptive statistics, χ² test, and t-test. RESULTS: After the 12-week SP-PCI, the experimental group showed higher levels of coronary disease-related knowledge (t=2.43, p=.019), heart-related health behaviors (t=5.96, p<.001), regular exercise (Z=-4.47, p<.001), and quality of life-MCS (t=3.04, p=.004) and showed lower levels of stress (Z=-3.53, p<.001) and sodium intake (t=-4.43, p<.001) than those in the control group. There were no significant group differences in medication adherence and food intake in total energy, lipids, and cholesterol. CONCLUSION: The suggested SP-PCI provided easy access and cost-effective intervention for patients after PCI and improved their knowledge of the disease, performance of health behaviors, and quality of life. Further study with a wider population is needed to evaluate the effects of SP-PCI on disease recurrence and quality of life for patients after PCI.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Dieta Hipossódica , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Smartphone , Software , Estresse Psicológico
18.
Environ Toxicol ; 32(4): 1262-1272, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27442109

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are commonly used to retard the combustion of materials such as foam padding, textiles, or plastics, and numerous studies have confirmed the accumulation thereof in the environment and in fish, mammals, and humans. In this study, we used metabolomics to conduct an environmental risk assessment of the PBDE-209. We profiled the urinary metabolites of control and PBDE-treated rats (exposed to PBDE-209) using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS). Global metabolic profiling indicated that the effects of PBDE-209 on the urinary metabolic profile were not significant. However, targeted metabolic profiling revealed progressive effects of PBDE-209 over a 7-day PBDE-209 treatment. Moreover, despite the weak PBDE-209 effects, we observed that choline, acetylcholine, 3-indoxylsulfate, creatinine, urea, and dimethyl sulfone levels were decreased, whereas that of pyruvate was significantly increased. Furthermore, we suggest that the increased pyruvate level and decreased levels of choline, acetylcholine, and uremic toxins were suggestive of endocrine disruption and neurodevelopmental toxicity caused by PBDEs. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 32: 1262-1272, 2017.


Assuntos
Éteres Difenil Halogenados/metabolismo , Acetilcolina/urina , Animais , Colina/urina , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Creatinina/urina , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/urina , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Análise de Componente Principal , Ácido Pirúvico/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Ureia/urina
19.
Oncotarget ; 7(30): 48562-48576, 2016 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27391070

RESUMO

Abnormal tumor cell metabolism is a consequence of alterations in signaling pathways that provide critical selective advantage to cancer cells. However, a systematic characterization of the metabolic and signaling pathways altered in cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) is currently lacking. Using nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry, we profiled the whole-cell metabolites of a pair of parental (P-231) and stem-like cancer cells (S-231), and then integrated with whole transcriptome profiles. We identified elevated NAAD+ in S-231 along with a coordinated increased expression of genes in Wnt/calcium signaling pathway, reflecting the correlation between metabolic reprogramming and altered signaling pathways. The expression of CD38 and ALP, upstream NAAD+ regulatory enzymes, was oppositely regulated between P- and S-231; high CD38 strongly correlated with NAADP in P-231 while high ALP with NAAD+ levels in S-231. Antagonizing Wnt activity by dnTCF4 transfection reversed the levels of NAAD+ and ALP expression in S-231. Of note, elevated NAAD+ caused a decrease of cytosolic Ca2+ levels preventing calcium-induced apoptosis in nutrient-deprived conditions. Reprograming of NAD+ metabolic pathway instigated by Wnt signaling prevented cytosolic Ca2+ overload thereby inhibiting calcium-induced apoptosis in S-231. These results suggest that "oncometabolites" resulting from cross talk between the deranged core cancer signaling pathway and metabolic network provide a selective advantage to CSCs.


Assuntos
Reprogramação Celular , NADP/análogos & derivados , NAD/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/metabolismo , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citosol/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Metabolômica/métodos , NADP/metabolismo , Esferoides Celulares , Fator de Transcrição 4/genética , Transfecção
20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 459: 123-131, 2016 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27221201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The renal dysfunction of chronic kidney disease (CKD) alters serum metabolite levels, but it is not clear how diabetes mellitus (DM) affects the metabolic changes in CKD. METHODS: Serum metabolites from pre-dialysis CKD patients (n=291) with or without DM and from healthy controls (n=56) was measured using nuclear magnetic resonance. RESULTS: Initial principal components analysis and partial least squares-discriminant analysis score plots segregated the CKD patients according to CKD stage and separated DM from non-DM patients. In the CKD patients, associations were seen with clinical characteristics, hyperglycemia, altered amino acid metabolism, accumulated uremic toxins, and dyslipidemia. Of interest, diabetes more strongly affected the metabolic signature during early stage CKD. Furthermore, serum metabolite profiles were successfully applied to the PLS regression model to predict the estimated glomerular filtration rate. The R(2) values from the PLS models for CKD patients with DM were higher than those for CKD without DM. CONCLUSIONS: Metabolomics is useful clinically for providing a metabolic signature that is associated with the CKD phenotype and diabetes more seriously affects patients with early stage CKD compared to those with advanced CKD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA