Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 81
Filtrar
1.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(2)2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562541

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The application of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has been markedly increased over the past decade. EBUS-TBNA is known to be a very safe and accurate procedure; however, the incidence of bleeding complications in patients who are taking antithrombotic agents (ATAs) is not well established. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospectively registered EBUS-TBNA cohort in a single tertiary hospital from May 2009 to December 2016. The patients were divided into two groups: an insufficient discontinuation group, defined as having a prescription for ATAs on the procedure day or only interrupting them for a short period of time, and a sufficient discontinuation group, defined as having prescription for ATAs during 30 days prior to the procedure and interrupting them for a sufficient period of time. Results: During the study period, a total of 4271 patients, after excluding 3773 patients who did not take ATAs at all, 498 patients were classified into the insufficient discontinuation group (n = 102) and the sufficient discontinuation group (n = 396). The baseline characteristics of patients and examined lesions between two groups were not significantly different, except insufficient discontinuation group had longer prothrombin times than the sufficient discontinuation group. In the insufficient discontinuation group, the most common reasons for prescriptions of ATAs were ischemic heart disease (48.0%) and cerebral vascular disease (28.4%), and half of the patients were taking two or more ATAs. Eventually, only one bleeding complication in the insufficient discontinuation group (1/102, 1.0%) and one event in the sufficient discontinuation group (1/396, 0.3%) occurred (p = 0.368). Conclusions: EBUS-TBNA is considered a safe procedure in terms of bleeding complications, even in patients with insufficient stopping of ATAs.

2.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(10): 5357-5368, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209369

RESUMO

Background: We investigated the clinicoradiopathological features and prognosis according to genomic alterations in patients with surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: Patients who underwent surgical resection for pathologic stage I, II, or IIIA lung adenocarcinoma between 2009 and 2016 and for whom results regarding EGFR mutation, ALK immunohistochemistry (IHC), and KRAS mutation were available were included. Clinicoradiopathological characteristics, genomic alterations, and disease-free survival were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Of 164 patients, 86 (52.4%) were female and 94 (57.3%) were never-smokers. The most common imaging patterns were part-solid lesion (67.7%) followed by solid (26.2%) and non-solid (6.1%) lesions. EGFR mutation, ALK IHC, and KRAS mutation were positive in 95 (57.9%), 9 (5.5%), and 11 (6.7%) patients, respectively. EGFR mutation positivity was associated with female sex, never-smoker, subsolid pattern on radiological examination, and acinar or papillary predominant histologic subtype. ALK IHC positivity was associated with longer maximal diameter, advanced stage, solid pattern on radiological examination, solid predominant histologic subtype, and distant metastasis during follow-up. KRAS mutation positivity was associated with male sex, smoker, solid pattern on radiological examination, and invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma on histologic analysis. In multivariable analysis, ALK IHC positivity and lymph node involvement were independently associated with recurrence. However, solidity was not an independent risk factor for recurrence. Conclusions: Genomic alterations are associated with clinicoradiopathologic features in patients with resected lung adenocarcinoma. Identifying genomic alterations could help to predict the prognosis of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma.

3.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202883

RESUMO

The next diagnostic step in cases of indeterminate radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (radial EBUS)-guided biopsy results remains uncertain. This study aimed to identify risk factors for malignancy based on clinical findings, chest computed tomography (CT), and radial EBUS images, and to estimate the risk of malignancy in lung nodules that showed indeterminate radial EBUS-guided biopsy results by constructing a nomogram. This retrospective study included 157 patients with indeterminate results on an initial radial EBUS biopsy performed at the Samsung Medical Center from January 2017 to December 2018, but with a definitive final diagnosis. Medical records, chest CT, radial EBUS images, and the final diagnoses were reviewed. Patients were randomly divided into training and validation sets. Factors related to malignancy were identified through logistic regression analysis, and a nomogram was constructed using the training set and subsequently applied to the validation set. Six factors in univariable and multivariable analyses, including upper lobe location, spiculation, satellite nodules, echogenicity, presence of dots or linear arcs, and patency of vessels and bronchi predicted malignancy. A nomogram was constructed based on these predictors. The area under the curve (AUC) value of the nomogram was 0.858 using the chest CT factors, which improved to 0.952 when radial EBUS factors were added. The calibration curve showed good agreement between the actual and nomogram-predicted malignancy outcomes. The utility of radial EBUS images for revealing risk factors of malignancy was confirmed. Furthermore, our nomogram was able to predict the probability of malignancy in lung nodules with indeterminate radial EBUS-guided biopsy results.

4.
Ann Occup Environ Med ; 32: e33, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072344

RESUMO

Background: Job insecurity and emotional labor are poor job-related factors that are known to cause sleep disturbances in customer service workers. This study investigates the combined effect of emotional labor and job insecurity on sleep disturbance. Methods: This study used data from the Fifth Korean Working Condition Survey and included 15,147 paid workers who serve customers below 65 years. We re-classified into 6 groups based on whether the degree of emotional labor increased (Rarely/Sometimes/Always) or whether job insecurity (No/Yes) was present. We performed propensity score matching for several covariates and calculated odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for sleep disturbance by logistic regression models using only matched subjects. Results: Workers exposed to emotional labor and job insecurity had significantly higher risk for 3 dimensions of sleep disturbance (difficulty falling asleep, waking up repeatedly during the sleep, and waking up with feeling of fatigue) (OR [95% CI]: 1.44 [1.22-1.69], 1.18 [0.99-1.40], 1.52 [1.30-1.79] for emotional labor; and 2.00 [1.75-2.29], 2.20 [1.91-2.53], 1.67 [1.45-1.92] for job insecurity). Compared to those who were exposed to both emotional labor rarely and without job insecurity, when workers had both poor job factors, the OR (95% CI) for sleep disturbance for difficulty falling asleep, waking up repeatedly during the sleep, and waking up with feeling of fatigue were 3.05 (2.42-3.86), 2.89 (2.26-3.69), and 2.60 (2.06-3.29), respectively. The relative excess risk due to Interaction of job insecurity and emotional labor was significant only for difficulty falling asleep, but not the other 2 sleep disturbance dimensions. Conclusions: Customer service workers suffered from severe sleep disturbances according to the existing degree of emotional labor and job insecurity. The combined effect of both could have an additive influence on serious sleep disturbance among customer service workers.

5.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(11): 3205-3212, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) carcinoma is a rare tumor associated with NUT rearrangement that can present as poorly differentiated to undifferentiated carcinoma, with or without abrupt squamous differentiation. It is often misdiagnosed as poorly differentiated carcinoma or undifferentiated carcinoma if NUT is not suspected. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed pulmonary NUT carcinoma cases diagnosed with NUT immunohistochemical staining and discuss the differential diagnosis to provide information for this rare and aggressive entity. METHODS: Cases, diagnosed as "NUT carcinoma" in lung pleura and "metastatic NUT carcinoma from the lung" in lymph nodes were diagnosed between 2017 and 2019 at the Samsung Medical Center (SMC). Clinical features such as age, sex, treatment and follow-up period, and pathological reports were obtained by reviewing patients' electronic medical records. RESULTS: A total of 10 NUT carcinoma cases were found in the SMC pathology database. Seven patients were men and six were non-smokers. Tumor cells showed various cellular features such as round, squamoid, and spindle. Some cases had initially been misdiagnosed as spindle cell neoplasm, round cell sarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma. All cases showed diffuse strong nuclear expression of NUT immunohistochemical staining, and some were positive for p63 staining and negative for CD56 staining. CONCLUSIONS: NUT carcinoma is often misdiagnosed because of its various morphologies. It is important to consider NUT as one of the differential diagnoses when encountering lung biopsy with undifferentiated morphology. KEY POINTS: Due to various morphological features, NUT carcinoma can be misdiagnosed It is important to consider NUT carcinoma when diagnosing a poorly differentiated or undifferentiated tumor.

6.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(8): 670-678, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734730

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The diagnosis of pulmonary fungal infections is challenging due to the difficulty of obtaining sufficient specimens. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) needle rinse fluid has become an emerging diagnostic material. This study evaluated the role of routine fungal culture from EBUS-TBNA needle rinse fluid, in addition to histopathologic examination and fungal culture of EBUS-TBNA core tissue, in the diagnosis of pulmonary fungal infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA, those with results for at least one of three tests (histopathologic examination, fungal culture of EBUS-TBNA core tissue or needle rinse fluid) were included. Patients with a positive test were divided into two groups (clinical fungal infection and suspected fungal contamination) according to their clinical assessment and therapeutic response to antifungal. RESULTS: Of 6072 patients, 41 (0.7%) had positive fungal tests and 9 (22%) were diagnosed as clinical fungal infection. Of the 5222 patients who were evaluated using a fungal culture from EBUS-TBNA needle rinse fluid, 35 (0.7%) had positive results. However, only 4 out of 35 (11.4%) were classified as clinical fungal infection. Positive results were determined in 4 of the 68 (5.9%) evaluated by a fungal culture of EBUS-TBNA core tissue, and all were diagnosed as clinical fungal infection. CONCLUSION: Routine fungal culture of EBUS-TBNA needle rinse fluid is not useful due to the low incidence of fungal infection and high rate of contamination. However, fungal culture of EBUS-TBNA core tissue and needle rinse fluid should be considered in patients with clinically suspected fungal infection.


Assuntos
Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Agulhas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/diagnóstico
7.
Ann Occup Environ Med ; 32: e18, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676196

RESUMO

Background: Change in working time arrangement (WTA) can be harmful to workers' sleep and health. This study aimed to investigate the association between change in working time arrangement and sleep disturbance. Methods: This study used data from the Fifth Korean Working Condition Survey and included 33,203 paid workers. We performed a stratified analysis by sex. After dividing the participants into 6 groups based on whether or not they experienced WTA changes, and their weekly working hours (≤40, 41-52, ≥53 hours), we calculated odds ratio (OR) using the weekly working hours ≤40 hours and with no WTA change as the reference group. Results: Of the 33,203 paid workers, participants who experienced change in working time arrangement had higher prevalence of all three types of sleep disturbance symptoms (difficulty in falling asleep, waking up repeatedly during sleep, and waking up with a feeling of exhaustion and fatigue) in both sexes. Compared to the reference group at 95% confidence interval (CI), the group with change in WTA showed elevated OR values of 1.91 (95% CI: 1.73-2.11), 1.93 (95% CI: 1.74-2.14), 2.47 (95% CI: 2.26-2.71) for male workers; and 1.93 (95% CI: 1.73-2.16), 2.02 (95% CI: 1.80-2.27), 2.24 (95% CI: 2.01-2.50) for female workers, for difficulty in falling asleep, waking up repeatedly during the sleep, waking up with a feeling of exhaustion, and fatigue, respectively. Conclusions: Workers who experience change in work time arrangement show a high risk of sleep disturbance in both sexes.

8.
Lung Cancer ; 146: 58-65, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary pulmonary salivary gland-type tumors (PSGT) are rare among all types of lung cancer. The purpose of this study was not only to evaluate the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors after treatment, but also to assess the role for bronchoscopic intervention in PSGT. METHODS: We analyzed the medical data of 181 PSGT patients who were treated between 1995 and 2018. Patients were divided into three groups according to the initial treatment, as follows: surgical resection with/without adjuvant therapy including bronchoscopic intervention (surgery group, n = 116); bronchoscopic intervention without surgical resection (bronchoscopic intervention group, n = 51); and other treatments group (n = 14). A multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to identify the independent prognostic factors associated with overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) after the first treatment. In addition, subgroup analysis was performed according to the clinical stage. RESULTS: Among the 181 patients, 104 (57.5%) patients were diagnosed with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), 71 (39.2%) with mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and 6 (3.3%) with epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma. In the surgery group, 21 patients underwent bronchoscopic intervention as a bridge therapy before surgery because of respiratory distress. Poor OS was associated with older age, the existence of other malignancy, higher clinical stages, larger tumor size, and non-surgical treatments. Lower PFS was associated with ACC, larger tumor size, and non-surgical treatments. The surgery group had the best OS and PFS among all treatment groups. However, there was no significant difference in the OS between the surgery and bronchoscopic intervention groups (p = 0.66) in patients at high clinical stages. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical resection was the best initial treatment choice. However, bronchoscopic intervention may be useful as the initial treatment in patients at high clinical stage and as a bridge therapy prior to surgery.

9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(6): 3435-3444, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although it has been suggested that circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) might be used in a complementary manner in lung cancer diagnosis, limited confirmatory data are available. In this prospective study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of each assay separately and in combination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 2018 to January 2019, patients with suspected primary lung cancer, who underwent routine lung cancer work-up and peripheral blood sampling, were prospectively enrolled in the study. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule and cytokeratin served as markers of CTCs. In terms of ctDNA analysis, single-nucleotide variants were evaluated via next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: We analyzed 111 patients, including 99 with primary lung cancer and 12 with benign pulmonary disease. The median number of CTCs in 10 ml of blood was 3. The most frequently detected single nucleotide variants of ctDNA were TP53, CDKN2A, and EGFR. The diagnostic sensitivity of conventional tumor marker (combination of carcinoembryonic antigen/CYFRA 21-1/neuron-specific enolase) was 66.7%, while those of the ctDNA and CTC assays were 72.7% and 65.7%, respectively. The sensitivity of the CTC/ctDNA combination (95.0%) was significantly greater than those of the CTC (p<0.001), ctDNA (p<0.001), or conventional tumor marker (p<0.001) alone. Subgroup analysis revealed that the sensitivity of the combination assay was greater than those of the CTC or ctDNA assays alone, regardless of tumor stage or histopathology type. CONCLUSION: The CTC/ctDNA combination assay enhanced the sensitivity of primary lung cancer diagnosis. The combination assay strategy may be clinically useful and could enhance the early detection of lung cancer (ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT03479099).


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , DNA Tumoral Circulante , DNA de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , DNA de Neoplasias/sangue , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2285, 2020 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385277

RESUMO

Advanced metastatic cancer poses utmost clinical challenges and may present molecular and cellular features distinct from an early-stage cancer. Herein, we present single-cell transcriptome profiling of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma, the most prevalent histological lung cancer type diagnosed at stage IV in over 40% of all cases. From 208,506 cells populating the normal tissues or early to metastatic stage cancer in 44 patients, we identify a cancer cell subtype deviating from the normal differentiation trajectory and dominating the metastatic stage. In all stages, the stromal and immune cell dynamics reveal ontological and functional changes that create a pro-tumoral and immunosuppressive microenvironment. Normal resident myeloid cell populations are gradually replaced with monocyte-derived macrophages and dendritic cells, along with T-cell exhaustion. This extensive single-cell analysis enhances our understanding of molecular and cellular dynamics in metastatic lung cancer and reveals potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets in cancer-microenvironment interactions.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Reprogramação Celular/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Linhagem da Célula , Progressão da Doença , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Humanos , Ligantes , Neoplasias Pulmonares/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Células Mieloides/patologia , Miofibroblastos/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Fenótipo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229299, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069313

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) may be of prognostic significance for patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). This retrospective study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of the SUVmax in patients with MPM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for the patients who were diagnosed with histopathologically proven MPM between 2009 and 2018 at Samsung Medical Center. For each patient, SUVmax was calculated for the primary lesion on PET/CT. To determine optimal cutoff values for predicting mortality, receiver operating characteristic curves were used. RESULTS: Among the 54 study patients, 34 (63.0%) had epithelioid subtype, 13 (24.1%) had sarcomatoid or biphasic subtype, and 7 (13.0%) had mesothelioma, not otherwise specified (NOS). The median overall survival (OS) was 8.7 months, and the median SUVmax was 9.9. The median values of SUVmax were 5.5 in patients with epithelioid subtype, 11.7 in those with sarcomatoid/biphasic subtype, and 13.3 in those with NOS subtype (P = 0.003). The optimal cutoff values of SUVmax to predict mortality were 10.1 in all patients, and 8.5 in patients with epithelioid subtype. In multivariate analysis, SUVmax was significantly associated with overall survival in all patients (P = 0.003) and in patients with epithelioid subtype (P = 0.012), but not in those with non-epithelioid subtype. CONCLUSIONS: SUVmax in PET/CT is an independent prognostic factor in patients with MPM, especially those with epithelioid subtype. The histologic subtype of MPM should be considered when evaluating the prognostic significance of SUVmax.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mesotelioma/patologia , Neoplasias Pleurais/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Mesotelioma/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pleurais/terapia , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
J Hypertens ; 38(2): 211-217, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913949

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Shift work is related to hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases, and short shift intervals of less than 11 h (quick returns) are reported to be related to health problems, including sleep disturbance and fatigue. However, its cardiovascular effect has rarely been examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between quick returns, consecutive night shifts, and risk of hypertension in hospital workers. METHODS: Data collected from a medical examination of 1372 nonhypertensive shift workers in a hospital were retrospectively followed up. Demographic factors (sex and age), lifestyle habits (smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and obesity), and work-related factors (working hours, shift work experience, consecutive night shifts, and quick returns status) were included in the analyses. Multivariate Cox proportional-hazard models were conducted to estimate hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: The findings showed that quick returns was related to an increased risk of hypertension (hazard ratio, 95% CI: 1.88, 1.00-3.54), whereas consecutive night shifts were not. However, the risk of hypertension was significantly higher in workers with quick returns and 2-3 days of consecutive night shifts (3.33, 1.18-9.39) and those with quick returns and at least 4 days of consecutive night shifts (3.79, 1.22-11.76), compared with the reference group. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study indicate that short shift intervals and consecutive night shifts are related to an increased risk of hypertension in shift-working hospital workers.

13.
Lung Cancer ; 139: 151-156, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent practice guidelines recommend endosonography for patients with radiological N0 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) when the primary tumors are >3 cm in diameter or centrally located. However, any role for endosonography remains debatable. We evaluated the utility of endosonography in patients with radiological N0 NSCLC based on tumor centrality, diameter and histology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent staging endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) with or without transesophageal bronchoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-B-FNA) for radiological N0 NSCLC were retrospectively investigated using prospectively collected endosonography data. The radiological N0 stage was defined by node diameter as evident on computed tomography images and 18F-FDG uptake using integrated positron emission tomography-computed tomography. RESULTS: In total of 168 patients, the median size of the primary tumor was 39 mm, and 41 % of tumors were centrally located. The prevalence of occult mediastinal metastases was 11.3 % (19/168). The sensitivity of endosonography in terms of diagnosing occult mediastinal metastases was only 47 % (9/19); 6 of 10 patients with false-negative endosonography data exhibited metastases in accessible nodes. The diagnostic performance of endosonography did not differ by tumor centrality or diameter. Patients with adenocarcinoma histology showed higher prevalence of occult mediastinal metastases and higher false-negative results in endosonography compared with those with non-adenocarcinoma histology. CONCLUSION: Not all patients with radiological N0 NSCLC benefit from endosonography, given the low prevalence of occult mediastinal metastases and the poor sensitivity of endosonography in this population. The strategy of invasive mediastinal staging needs to be tailored considering the histology of the tumor in this population.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17869, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702652

RESUMO

Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are important pathogens in humans, and hospital-based studies have shown an increased incidence of NTM infection. However, little is known about the treatment pattern of NTM infection with respect to the number of cases per population in South Korea. This study evaluated the trends in the incidence of NTM infection, respiratory comorbidities, and treatment patterns in South Korea.National claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service database for the years 2009 to 2015 were reviewed, and codes related to NTM infection, respiratory comorbidities occurring from one year before NTM infection and associated treatments were identified.In total, 52,551 patients were included in the study and the average annual incidence per 100,000 person-years was 12.8. The annual incidence was found to have increased from 6.6 to 26.6 per 100,000 persons. Accompanied comorbidities were tuberculosis (33.7%), followed by bronchial asthma (33.2%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (25.6%), and lung cancer (5.8%). A total of 76.6% of patients did not receive any combination treatment within one year after the diagnosis of NTM infection. Macrolide-based treatment was administered to 18.8% of patients.A dramatic increase in the incidence of NTM infection was noted in the population of South Korea. Approximately three-fourth of the patients with NTM infection were clinically observed without treatment for at least 1 year after the identification of NTM infection and most patients who treated NTM infection received macrolide-based combination therapy.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antituberculose/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/terapia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
JAMA Intern Med ; 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633736

RESUMO

Importance: Current guidelines recommend that women delay pregnancy for 6 to 12 months after the receipt of radioactive iodine treatment (RAIT) following thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Although concerns exist regarding the risks associated with pregnancy after RAIT, no large-scale study, to date, has investigated the association between RAIT and pregnancy outcomes. Objective: To investigate whether RAIT was associated with increases in adverse pregnancy outcomes among South Korean women who received RAIT after thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer and to evaluate the appropriate interval between RAIT and conception. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study used the Health Insurance Review and Assessment database of South Korea to identify a total of 111 459 women of childbearing age (20-49 years) who underwent thyroidectomy for the treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinoma between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2015. Participants were allocated to 2 cohorts: those who underwent surgery alone (n = 59 483 [53.4%]) and those who underwent surgery followed by RAIT (n = 51 976 [46.6%]). The pregnancy outcomes data were collected from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2017. Main Outcomes and Measures: The rates of abortion (both spontaneous and induced), preterm delivery, and congenital malformation were assessed. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to control for confounding variables. Results: Among the 111 459 women of childbearing age who underwent thyroidectomy with or without RAIT for the treatment of thyroid cancer, the mean (SD) age at surgery or RAIT was 39.8 (6.7) years. Of those, 10 842 women (9.7%) became pregnant, and the mean (SD) age at conception was 33.3 (4.4) years. The rates of abortion, preterm delivery, and congenital malformation among patients who underwent surgery alone compared with patients who underwent surgery followed by RAIT were 30.7% vs 32.1% for abortion, 12.8% vs 12.9% for preterm delivery, and 8.9% vs 9.0% for congenital malformation, respectively (P > .05). A subgroup analysis based on the interval between RAIT and conception indicated congenital malformation rates of 13.3% for the interval of 0 to 5 months, 7.9% for 6 to 11 months, 8.3% for 12 to 23 months, and 9.6% for 24 months or more. The adjusted odds ratio of congenital malformation was 1.74 (95% CI, 1.01-2.97; P = .04) in conceptions that occurred 0 to 5 months after RAIT compared with conceptions that occurred 12 to 23 months after RAIT. The abortion rates based on the interval between RAIT and conception were 60.6% for the interval of 0 to 5 months, 30.1% for 6 to 11 months, 27.4% for 12 to 23 months, and 31.9% for 24 months or more. Conclusions and Relevance: These large-scale real-world data indicate that receipt of RAIT before pregnancy does not appear to be associated with increases in adverse pregnancy outcomes when conception occurs 6 months or more after treatment.

16.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223298, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584965

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Little is known about prognostic factors for lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We aimed to explore radiologic and clinical factors affecting prognosis and to compare the prognosis of both central and peripheral lung SCCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiologic, clinical, and pathologic profiles of surgically confirmed SCCs from 382 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Tumor location, enhancement, necrosis, the presence of obstructive pneumonitis/atelectasis and underlying lung disease were evaluated on chest CT examination. Age, pulmonary function, tumor marker, and cancer stage were also assessed. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify any correlation to overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Hazard rate estimation and competing risk analysis were done to evaluate recurrence pattern. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 56.2 months. Tumors were located centrally in 230 patients (60.2%) and peripherally in 152 patients (39.8%). Age (p = 0.002, hazard ratio [HR] 1.03, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.01, 1.06]) and interstitial lung abnormalities (ILAs) (p<0.001, HR 5.41, 95% CI = [3.08, 9.52]) were associated with poor OS on multivariate analysis. ILAs also had a strong association to DFS (p<0.001, HR 4.25, 95% CI = [3.08, 9.52]). Central cancers had two peaks of local recurrence development at 15 and 60 months after surgery, and peripheral tumors showed rising curves for metastasis development at 60 months. CONCLUSIONS: CT-determined ILAs are a strong biomarker predicting poor outcome. Prognosis may not vary according to tumor location, but the two groups exhibited different recurrence patterns.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Radiografia/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Ann Occup Environ Med ; 31: e13, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583104

RESUMO

Background: Dependent self-employment is precarious employment, which can be vulnerable to mental health problems. This study aimed to investigate the association of dependent self-employment with depression, anxiety, and sleep disorder in South Korea. Methods: This study used data from the Fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey and included 32,691 paid workers. Dependent self-employment and self-reported depression/anxiety, and sleep disorder were investigated using a questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the association between dependent self-employment and mental health problems. Results: Of the 32,691 paid workers, 2,371 (7.3%) were dependent self-employed workers. The odds ratio (OR) of dependent self-employment for self-reported depression/anxiety was 1.78 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.29-2.45) and the OR of dependent self-employment for self-reported sleep disorder was 1.26 (95% CI: 1.01-1.59) compared to other paid workers. Conclusions: Dependent self-employment is related to an increased risk of self-reported depression/anxiety and sleep disorder in South Korea.

19.
Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) ; 82(4): 319-327, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (R-EBUS), is effective for tissue diagnosis of lung lesions. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of R-EBUS both a guide-sheath and fluoroscopy and identified factors associated with accurate diagnosis. The feasibility of molecular and genetic testing, using specimens obtained by R-EBUS, was also investigated. METHODS: The study retrospectively reviewed 211 patients undergoing R-EBUS without a guide-sheath and fluoroscopy, June 2016-May 2017. After excluding 27 patients of which the target lesion was not reached, 184 were finally included. Multivariate logistic regression was used, to identify factors associated with accurate diagnosis. RESULTS: Among 184 patients, R-EBUS-guided biopsy diagnosed malignancy in 109 patients (59%). The remaining 75 patients (41%) with non-malignant results underwent additional work-ups, and 34 were diagnosed with malignancy. Based on final diagnosis, diagnostic accuracy was 80% (136/170), and sensitivity and specificity for malignancy were 76% (109/143) and 100% (27/27), respectively. In multivariate analysis, peripheral location (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 3.925; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.203-12.811; p=0.023), and central position of the probe (aOR, 2.435; 95% CI, 1.424-7.013; p=0.035), were associated with accurate diagnosis of malignancy. Molecular and genetic analyses were successful, in all but one case, with inadequate specimens. CONCLUSION: R-EBUS-guided biopsy without equipment, is effective for tissue diagnosis. Peripheral location and central position of the radial probe, were crucial for accurate diagnosis. Performance of molecular and genetic testing, using samples obtained by R-EBUS, was satisfactory.

20.
Ind Health ; 57(6): 721-731, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930372

RESUMO

While the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders has recently increased among Korean workers employed in highly physically and psychologically demanding jobs, the relation among these domains remains relatively unexplored. We examined 2,037 subway workers in Seoul, that collected data via questionnaire survey on musculoskeletal symptoms and the work environment, administered in 2009, 2012, and 2015. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) analysis was used for statistical analysis. After conducting GEE analysis by adjusting for the sociodemographic and occupational characteristics, we found the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms significantly increased in cases with high Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS) scores compared with low DASS scores, especially on shift workers. An integrated management method that considers ergonomic and mental health factors, should be used to better manage musculoskeletal symptoms in subway workers.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Ferrovias , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA