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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361085

RESUMO

A novel aptamer-based competitive drug screening platform for osteoporosis was devised in which fluorescence-labeled, sclerostin-specific aptamers compete with compounds from selected chemical libraries for the binding of immobilized recombinant human sclerostin to achieve high-throughput screening for potential small-molecule sclerostin inhibitors and to facilitate drug repurposing and drug discovery. Of the 96 selected inhibitors and FDA-approved drugs, six were shown to result in a significant decrease in the fluorescence intensity of the aptamer, suggesting a higher affinity toward sclerostin compared with that of the aptamer. The targets of these potential sclerostin inhibitors were correlated to lipid or bone metabolism, and several of the compounds have already been shown to be potential osteogenic activators, indicating that the aptamer-based competitive drug screening assay offered a potentially reliable strategy for the discovery of target-specific new drugs. The six potential sclerostin inhibitors suppressed the level of both intracellular and/or extracellular sclerostin in mouse osteocyte IDG-SW3 and increased alkaline phosphatase activity in IDG-SW3 cells, human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and human fetal osteoblasts hFOB1.19. Potential small-molecule drug candidates obtained in this study are expected to provide new therapeutics for osteoporosis as well as insights into the structure-activity relationship of sclerostin inhibitors for rational drug design.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/antagonistas & inibidores , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Animais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/isolamento & purificação , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteócitos/citologia , Osteócitos/metabolismo , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Osteoporose/patologia
2.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436073

RESUMO

Compared with thermotropic liquid crystals (LCs), the biosensing potential of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals (LCLCs), which are more biocompatible because of their hydrophilic nature, has scarcely been investigated. In this study, the nematic phase, a mesophase shared by both thermotropic LCs and LCLCs, of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) was employed as the sensing mesogen in the LCLC-based biosensor. The biosensing platform was constructed so that the LCLC was homogeneously aligned by the planar anchoring strength of polyimide, but was disrupted in the presence of proteins such as bovine serum albumin (BSA) or the cancer biomarker CA125 captured by the anti-CA125 antibody, with the level of disturbance (and the optical signal thus produced) predominated by the amount of the analyte. The concentration- and wavelength-dependent optical response was analyzed by transmission spectrometry in the visible light spectrum with parallel or crossed polarizers. The concentration of CA125 can be quantified with spectrometrically derived parameters in a linear calibration curve. The limit of detection for both BSA and CA125 of the LCLC-based biosensor was superior or comparable to that of thermotropic LC-based biosensing techniques. Our results provide, to the best of our knowledge, the first evidence that LCLCs can be applied in spectrometrically quantitative biosensing.

3.
Hum Mol Genet ; 30(19): 1833-1850, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089062

RESUMO

Mutations of SPINT2, the gene encoding the integral membrane, Kunitz-type serine inhibitor HAI-2, primarily affect the intestine, while sparing many other HAI-2-expressing tissues, causing sodium loss in patients with syndromic congenital sodium diarrhea. The membrane-bound serine protease prostasin was previously identified as a HAI-2 target protease in intestinal tissues but not in the skin. In both tissues, the highly related inhibitor HAI-1 is, however, the default inhibitor for prostasin and the type 2 transmembrane serine protease matriptase. This cell-type selective functional linkage may contribute to the organ-selective damage associated with SPINT 2 mutations. To this end, the impact of HAI-2 deletion on matriptase and prostasin proteolysis was, here, compared using Caco-2 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells and HaCaT human keratinocytes. Greatly enhanced prostasin proteolytic activity with a prolonged half-life and significant depletion of HAI-1 monomer were observed with HAI-2 loss in Caco-2 cells but not HaCaT cells. The constitutive, high level prostasin zymogen activation observed in Caco-2 cells, but not in HaCaT cells, also contributes to the excessive prostasin proteolytic activity caused by HAI-2 loss. HAI-2 deletion also caused increased matriptase zymogen activation, likely as an indirect result of increased prostasin proteolysis. This increase in activated matriptase, however, only had a negligible role in depletion of HAI-1 monomer. Our study suggests that the constitutive, high level of prostasin zymogen activation and the cell-type selective functional relationship between HAI-2 and prostasin renders Caco-2 cells more susceptible than HaCaT cells to the loss of HAI-2, causing a severe imbalance favoring prostasin proteolysis.

4.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805735

RESUMO

An optical and dielectric biosensor based on a liquid crystal (LC)-photopolymer composite was established in this study for the detection and quantitation of bovine serum albumin (BSA). When the nematic LC E7 was doped with 4-wt.% NOA65, a photo-curable prepolymer, and photopolymerized by UV irradiation at 20 mW/cm2 for 300 s, the limit of detection determined by image analysis of the LC optical texture and dielectric spectroscopic measurements was 3400 and 88 pg/mL for BSA, respectively, which were lower than those detected with E7 alone (10 µg/mL BSA). The photopolymerized NOA65, but not the prepolymer prior to UV exposure, contributed to the enhanced optical signal, and UV irradiation of pristine E7 in the absence of NOA65 had no effect on the optical texture. The effective tilt angle θ, calculated from the real-part dielectric constant ε', decreased with increasing BSA concentration, providing strong evidence for the correlation of photopolymerized NOA65 to the intensified disruption in the vertically oriented LC molecules to enhance the optical and dielectric signals of BSA. The optical and dielectric anisotropy of LCs and the photo-curable dopant facilitate novel quantitative and signal amplification approaches to potential development of LC-based biosensors.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Cristais Líquidos/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/análise , Anisotropia , Espectroscopia Dielétrica , Água
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(4)2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672524

RESUMO

Human bone marrow stem cells (HBMSCs) are isolated from the bone marrow. Stem cells can self-renew and differentiate into various types of cells. They are able to regenerate kinds of tissue that are potentially used for tissue engineering. To maintain and expand these cells under culture conditions is difficult-they are easily triggered for differentiation or death. In this study, we describe a new culture formula to culture isolated HBMSCs. This new formula was modified from NCDB 153, a medium with low calcium, supplied with 5% FBS, extra growth factor added to it, and supplemented with N-acetyl-L-cysteine and L-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate to maintain the cells in a steady stage. The cells retain these characteristics as primarily isolated HBMSCs. Moreover, our new formula keeps HBMSCs with high proliferation rate and multiple linage differentiation ability, such as osteoblastogenesis, chondrogenesis, and adipogenesis. It also retains HBMSCs with stable chromosome, DNA, telomere length, and telomerase activity, even after long-term culture. Senescence can be minimized under this new formulation and carcinogenesis of stem cells can also be prevented. These modifications greatly enhance the survival rate, growth rate, and basal characteristics of isolated HBMSCs, which will be very helpful in stem cell research.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cálcio/farmacologia , Senescência Celular , Meios de Cultura/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem da Célula/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Separação Celular , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Telomerase/metabolismo , Homeostase do Telômero , Proteína 1 de Ligação à Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
6.
Biomed Opt Express ; 11(9): 4915-4927, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014590

RESUMO

Conventional liquid crystal (LC)-based biosensing at the LC-glass interface requires the assembly of an LC cell formed by two glass substrates with an LC film sandwiched in between. As most biochemical and clinical assays are performed on a single solid substrate, the feasibility of a single-substrate biodetection platform based on a thin film of LC-photopolymer composite was explored in this study. The LC mixture, consisting of nematic LC, E7 or AY40-006, doped with a small amount (≤ 5 wt%) of a photocurable prepolymer was spin-coated on a glass substrate modified with dimethyloctadecyl[3-trimethoxysilyl)propyl] ammonium chloride (DMOAP), a vertical alignment reagent, followed by irradiation with ultraviolet (UV) light. During the photopolymerization process, the accumulated and polymerized NOA65 at the LC-glass interface weakened the anchoring strength of DMOAP, resulting in a decrease in the pretilt angle of LC and allowing the LC molecules to be more easily disturbed in the presence of biomolecules, compared with vertically aligned LC in the absence of polymerized NOA65. Incorporating NOA65 in the LC film therefore provides a means for signal amplification. When an LC-photopolymer composite film consisting of AY40-006 and 4-wt% NOA65 was exposed to UV at 15 mW/cm2 for 30 s and utilized as the biosensing mesogen, the limits of detection were 1.6 × 10-12 g/ml for the direct detection of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and 2.1 × 10-8 g/ml for the immunoassay of the cancer biomarker CA125, significantly lower than those detected with AY40-006 alone or AY40-006/NOA65 mixture without UV irradiation. The results from this study offer a compelling implication on the biomedical application of LC-photopolymer composites in label-free and single-substrate biodetection.

7.
Hum Cell ; 33(4): 1068-1080, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779152

RESUMO

The pathophysiological functions of matriptase, a type 2 transmembrane serine protease, rely primarily on its enzymatic activity, which is under tight control through multiple mechanisms. Among those regulatory mechanisms, the control of zymogen activation is arguably the most important. Matriptase zymogen activation not only generates the mature active enzyme but also initiates suppressive mechanisms, such as rapid inhibition by HAI-1, and matriptase shedding. These tightly coupled events allow the potent matriptase tryptic activity to fulfill its biological functions at the same time as limiting undesired hazards. Matriptase is converted to the active enzyme via a process of autoactivation, in which the activational cleavage is thought to rely on the interactions of matriptase zymogen molecules and other as yet identified proteins. Matriptase autoactivation can occur spontaneously and is rapidly followed by the formation and then shedding of matriptase-HAI-1 complexes, resulting in the presence of relatively low levels of the complex on cells. Activation can also be induced by several non-protease factors, such as the exposure of cells to a mildly acidic buffer, which rapidly causes high-level matriptase zymogen activation in almost all cell lines tested. In the current study, the structural requirements for this acid-induced zymogen activation are compared with those required for spontaneous activation through a systematic analysis of the impact of 18 different mutations in various structural domains and motifs on matriptase zymogen activation. Our study reveals that both acid-induced matriptase activation and spontaneous activation depend on the maintenance of the structural integrity of the serine protease domain, non-catalytic domains, and posttranslational modifications. The common requirements of both modes of activation suggest that acid-induced matriptase activation may function as a physiological mechanism to induce pericellular proteolysis by accelerating matriptase autoactivation.


Assuntos
Ácidos/farmacologia , Ativação Enzimática , Precursores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Precursores Enzimáticos/química , Precursores Enzimáticos/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/genética , Proteínas Secretadas Inibidoras de Proteinases/farmacologia , Serina Endopeptidases/química , Serina Endopeptidases/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
8.
Biomed Opt Express ; 10(10): 4987-4998, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646024

RESUMO

The fundamental principle of liquid-crystal (LC)-based biosensing is the sensitive response of LC orientation to external stimuli. Biomolecules such as proteins or DNAs immobilized on the glass substrate of a LC cell are detected through disrupting the LC alignment and, in turn, altering the birefringence, resulting in changes in the optical texture that can be readily observed under a polarizing optical microscope. With an additional weak electric field across a sandwiched LC cell, we demonstrate in this study a novel label-free biodetection technique with amplified signal and improved detection limit. By applying the binarization analysis as the quantitative approach, the increase in the light leakage area in the optical texture of LCs with increasing amount of biomolecules can be quantitated with a bright-area-ratio (BAR)-versus-concentration curve. The reported biosensing technique exploits both the optical and electrical properties of LCs and is potentially applicable to other LC-based rapid screening and bioassays.

9.
Phytomedicine ; 55: 165-171, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previously, we found that (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) enhanced osteogenic differentiation of murine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells by increasing the mRNA expression of osteogenesis-related genes, alkaline phosphatase activity and eventually mineralization. We further found EGCG supplementation preserved bone mass and microarchitecture in female rats during estrogen deficiency in the proximal tibia and lumbar spine at least in part by increasing bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2). BMP2 can enhance de novo bone formation. PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluate the effect of local EGCG application in de novo bone formation in bone defect healing. METHODS: Twenty-four rats aged 4 months were weight-matched and randomly allocated to 2 groups: defect control with vehicle treatment (control) and defect with 10 µM EGCG treatment (EGCG). Daily vehicle and EGCG were applied locally by percutaneous local injection 2 days after defect creation for 2 weeks. Four weeks after treatment, animals were sacrificed for micro-computed tomography (µ-CT) and biomechanical analysis. RESULTS: Local EGCG at femoral defect can enhance de novo bone formation by increasing bone volume and subsequently improve mechanical properties including max load, break point, stiffness, area under the max load curve, area under the break point curve and ultimate stress. CONCLUSIONS: Local EGCG may enhance bone defect healing via at least partly by the de novo bone formation of BMP-2.


Assuntos
Catequina/análogos & derivados , Fêmur/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Catequina/farmacologia , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/lesões , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Microtomografia por Raio-X
10.
Molecules ; 23(12)2018 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30563251

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is the second most-prevalent epidemiologic disease in the aging population worldwide. Cross-sectional and retrospective evidence indicates that tea consumption can mitigate bone loss and reduce risk of osteoporotic fractures. Tea polyphenols enhance osteoblastogenesis and suppress osteoclastogenesis in vitro. Previously, we showed that (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), one of the green tea polyphenols, increased osteogenic differentiation of murine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) by increasing the mRNA expression of osteogenesis-related genes, alkaline phosphatase activity and, eventually, mineralization. We also found that EGCG could mitigate bone loss and improve bone microarchitecture in ovariectomy-induced osteopenic rats, as well as enhancing bone defect healing partially via bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2). The present study investigated the effects of EGCG in human BMSCs. We found that EGCG, at concentrations of both 1 and 10 µmol/L, can increase mRNA expression of BMP2, Runx2, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteonectin and osteocalcin 48 h after treatment. EGCG increased ALP activity both 7 and 14 days after treatment. Furthermore, EGCG can also enhance mineralization two weeks after treatment. EGCG without antioxidants also can enhance mineralization. In conclusion, EGCG can increase mRNA expression of BMP2 and subsequent osteogenic-related genes including Runx2, ALP, osteonectin and osteocalcin. EGCG further increased ALP activity and mineralization. Loss of antioxidant activity can still enhance mineralization of human BMSCs (hBMSCs).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Catequina/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Biomed Opt Express ; 8(3): 1712-1720, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28663859

RESUMO

Blue phases (BPs) are mesophases existing between the isotropic and chiral nematic phases of liquid crystals (LCs). In recent years, blue phase LCs (BPLCs) have been extensively studied in the field of LC science and display technology. However, the application of BPLCs in biosensing has not been explored. In this study, a BPLC-based biosensing technology was developed for the detection and quantitation of bovine serum albumin (BSA). The sensing platform was constructed by assembling an empty cell with two glass slides coated with homeotropic alignment layers and with immobilized BSA atop. The LC cells were heated to isotropic phase and then allowed to cool down to and maintained at distinct BP temperatures for spectral measurements and texture observations. At BSA concentrations below 10-6 g/ml, we observed that the Bragg reflection wavelength blue-shifted with increasing concentration of BSA, suggesting that the BP is a potentially sensitive medium in the detection and quantitation of biomolecules. By using the BPLC at 37 °C and the same polymorphic material in the smectic A phase at 20 °C, two linear correlations were established for logarithmic BSA concentrations ranging from 10-9 to 10-6 g/ml and from 10-6 to 10-3 g/ml. Our results demonstrate the potential of BPLCs in biosensing and quantitative analysis of biomolecules.

12.
Cell Biol Int ; 41(3): 345-352, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28035725

RESUMO

Cyclophosphamide is indicated for the treatment of cancerous diseases such as breast cancer and cervical cancer. Recent studies have shown that cyclophosphamide may induce cancer metastasis, but the cause of this unexpected adverse effect is not fully understood. In this study, we investigate the effect of cyclophosphamide on cancer cell migration and its correlation to chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCR4), a biomarker for cancer metastasis. Two human cancer cell lines with significant difference in endogenous CXCR4 expression, the breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, and the melanoma cell line, MDA-MB-435S, were treated with various concentrations of cyclophosphamide, followed by the assessment of CXCR4 expression and cell migration. We found that the migration ability of MDA-MB-231 cells was enhanced with increasing concentrations of cyclophosphamide, which induced the cell-surface expression of CXCR4, but had no effect on the overall amount of CXCR4. In MDA-MB-435S cells, in which CXCR4 was barely detectable, cyclophosphamide was unable to activate cell-surface CXCR4, and did not promote cell migration. Studies on the mRNA expression profile of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in MDA-MB-231 cells further indicate that MMP9 and MMP13 may be involved in the action of cyclophosphamide. The protein expression of both MMP9 and MMP13 was increased in the presence of cyclophosphamide. Results from this study provide the molecular basis for the possible pathway of cyclophosphamide to induce cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/biossíntese , Receptores CXCR4/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos
13.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 11(1): 247, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27173676

RESUMO

The carbon-based nanomaterial graphene can be chemically modified to associate with various molecules such as chemicals and biomolecules and developed as novel carriers for drug and gene delivery. In this study, a nonviral gene transfection reagent was produced by functionalizing graphene oxide (GO) with a polycationic polymer, polyethylenimine (PEI), to increase the biocompatibility of GO and to transfect small interfering RNA (siRNA) against C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), a biomarker associated with cancer metastasis, into invasive breast cancer cells. PEI-functionalized GO (PEI-GO) was a homogeneous aqueous solution that remained in suspension during storage at 4 °C for at least 6 months. The particle size of PEI-GO was 172 ± 4.58 and 188 ± 5.00 nm at 4 and 25 °C, respectively, and increased slightly to 262 ± 17.6 nm at 37 °C, but remained unaltered with time. Binding affinity of PEI-GO toward siRNA was assessed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), in which PEI-GO and siRNA were completely associated at a PEI-GO:siRNA weight ratio of 2:1 and above. The invasive breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, was transfected with PEI-GO in complex with siRNAs against CXCR4 (siCXCR4). Suppression of the mRNA and protein expression of CXCR4 by the PEI-GO/siCXCR4 complex was confirmed by real-time PCR and western blot analysis. In addition, the metastatic potential of MDA-MB-231 cells was attenuated by the PEI-GO/siCXCR4 complex as demonstrated in wound healing assay. Our results suggest that PEI-GO is effective in the delivery of siRNA and may contribute to targeted gene therapy to suppress cancer metastasis.

14.
Biomed Opt Express ; 6(12): 5033-8, 2015 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26713215

RESUMO

Liquid crystal (LC)-based biosensors employ highly sensitive interfaces between the alignment layers and LCs to detect biomolecules and their interactions. Present techniques based on optical texture observation of the homeotropic-to-planar response of nematic LCs are limited by their quantitative reproducibility of results, indicating that both the accuracy and reliability of LC-based detection require further improvements. Here we show that cholesteric LC (CLC) can be used as a novel sensing element in the design of an alternative LC-based biosensing device. The chirality of the vertically anchored (VA) CLC was exploited in the detection of bovine serum albumin (BSA), a protein standard commonly used in protein quantitation. The color appearance and the corresponding transmission spectrum of the cholesteric phase changed with the concentration of BSA, by which a detection limit of 1 fg/ml was observed. The optical response of the VA CLC interface offers a simple and inexpensive platform for highly sensitive and naked-eye color-indicating detection of biomolecules, and, thus, may facilitate the development of point-of-care devices for the detection of disease-related biomarkers.

15.
FEBS Lett ; 589(16): 2058-65, 2015 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26140984

RESUMO

Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is the rate-limiting enzyme for polyamine biosynthesis. Suppression of ODC by its irreversible inhibitor, α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), or by RNA interference through siRNA, enhanced osteogenic gene expression and alkaline phosphatase activity, and accelerated matrix mineralization of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). Besides, adipogenic gene expression and lipid accumulation was attenuated, indicating that the enhanced osteogenesis was accompanied by down-regulation of adipogenesis when ODC was suppressed. A decrease in the intracellular polyamine content of hBMSCs during osteogenic induction was observed, suggesting that the level of endogenous polyamines is regulated during differentiation of hBMSCs. This study elucidates the role of polyamine metabolism in the lineage commitment of stem cells and provides a potential new indication for DFMO as bone-stimulating drug.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Ornitina Descarboxilase/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Matriz Óssea/química , Matriz Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Óssea/metabolismo , Calcificação Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Eflornitina/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cinética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Ornitina Descarboxilase/química , Inibidores da Ornitina Descarboxilase/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Putrescina/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Espermidina/metabolismo , Espermina/metabolismo
16.
J Biomed Opt ; 20(5): 57004, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26000796

RESUMO

Liquid crystal (LC)-based biosensing has attracted much attention in recent years. We focus on improving the detection limit of LC-based immunoassay techniques by surface modification of the surfactant alignment layer consisting of dimethyloctadecyl[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]ammonium chloride (DMOAP). The cancer biomarker CA125 was detected with an array of anti-CA125 antibodies immobilized on the ultraviolet (UV)-modified DMOAP monolayer. Compared with a pristine counterpart, UV irradiation enhanced the binding affinity of the CA125 antibody and reproducibility of immunodetection in which a detection limit of 0.01 ng∕ml for the cancer biomarker CA125 was achieved. Additionally, the optical texture observed under a crossed polarized microscope was correlated with the analyte concentration. In a proof-of-concept experiment using CA125-spiked human serum as the analyte, specific binding between the CA125 antigen and the anti-CA125 antibody resulted in a distinct and concentration-dependent optical response despite the high background caused by nonspecific binding of other biomolecules in the human serum. Results from this study indicate that UVmodification of the alignment layer, as well as detection with LCs of large birefringence, contributes to the enhanced performance of the label-free LC-based immunodetection, which may be considered a promising alternative to conventional label-based methods.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Imunoensaio/instrumentação , Cristais Líquidos/química , Proteínas de Membrana/sangue , Refratometria/instrumentação , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Antígeno Ca-125/imunologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Humanos , Cristais Líquidos/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Raios Ultravioleta
17.
Biomed Opt Express ; 6(1): 245-56, 2015 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25657889

RESUMO

The use of fluorescence is ubiquitously found in the detection of immunoreaction; though with good sensitivity, this technique requires labeling as well as other time-consuming steps to perform the measurement. An alternative approach involving liquid crystals (LCs) was proposed, based on the fact that an immunocomplex can disturb the orientation of LCs, leading to an optical texture different from the case when only antigen or antibody exists. This method is label-free, easy to manipulate and low-cost. However, its sensitivity was low for practical usage. In this study, we adopted a high-birefringence liquid crystal (LC) to enhance the sensitivity for the immunodetection. Experiments were performed, targeting at the cancer biomarker CA125. We showed that the larger birefringence (Δn = 0.33 at 20 °C) amplifies the detected signal and, in turn, dramatically improves the detection limit. To avoid signal loss from conventional rinsing steps in immunodetection, CA125 antigen and antibody were reacted before immobilized on substrates. We studied the specific binding events and obtained a detection limit as low as 1 ng/ml. The valid temperature ranges were compared by using the typical single-compound LC 5CB and the high-birefringence LC mixture. We further investigated time dependency of the optical textures and affirmed the capability of LC-based immunodetection in distinguishing between specific and nonspecific antibodies.

18.
J Biomed Opt ; 19(7): 077006, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25055056

RESUMO

A label-free and array-based optical liquid-crystal (LC) immunodetection technique for the detection of CA125 antigen, a protein biomarker most frequently used for ovarian cancer detection, was demonstrated with a nematic LC with larger birefringence (Δn) to promote sensitivity in detecting biomolecules. The LC-based immunodetection offers an alternative and sensitive approach for the detection of biomarker proteins, with the potential of replacing conventional immunoassays used in biochemical studies and clinical laboratories.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Antígeno Ca-125/análise , Fluorimunoensaio/instrumentação , Fluorimunoensaio/métodos , Cristais Líquidos/química , Animais , Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Anticorpos Imobilizados/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Antígeno Ca-125/metabolismo , Bovinos , Humanos , Soroalbumina Bovina
19.
Exp Cell Res ; 323(1): 28-40, 2014 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24583396

RESUMO

Abundant clinical evidences indicate that up-regulation of several cathepsins in many human cancers is correlated with malignant progression and poor patient prognosis. In addition, a decrease in catalase activity or accumulation of hydrogen peroxide correlates with cancer metastasis. Recent studies indicate that cathepsin activation and expression can be modulated via H2O2 treatment. However, the actual relationship between catalase and cathepsins is not yet fully understood. In the present study, we found that catalase expression (or activity) was higher, while intracellular and extracellular Cat S, Cat L, and Cat K activities were lower in the non-invasive CL1-0 cells compared to the highly invasive CL1-5 cells. After CL1-0 cells were transfected with catalase-shRNA, the corresponding ROS (H2O2) level and Cat S, Cat L, or Cat K expression (or activity) was up-regulated, accompanied by an increase in cell migration and invasion. On the other hand, ROS (H2O2) level, cathepsin S, L, and K activities, cell migration and invasion were decreased in catalase-overexpressed CL1-5 cells. It is suggested that catalase may regulate cathepsin activity by controlling the production of ROS (H2O2), leading to variation in migration and invasion ability of lung cancer cells.


Assuntos
Catalase/metabolismo , Catepsina K/metabolismo , Catepsina L/metabolismo , Catepsinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Catalase/genética , Catepsina K/genética , Catepsina L/genética , Catepsinas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
20.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 29(4): 538-46, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24083411

RESUMO

Elevated cathepsin S (Cat S) level is correlated with higher migration ability in tumor cells. This study investigates the inhibitory effect of novel synthetic α-ketoamide compounds on cathepsin activity and cancer cell migration. The effect of several α-ketoamide compounds on the activity of recombinant cathepsins (Cat S, Cat L and Cat K) was examined. Two highly metastatic cancer cell lines were incubated with three Cat S-specific compounds (6n, 6 w and 6r) to analyze their effect on cellular Cat S activity and cell migration. At a 100 nM concentration, compounds 6n, 6r and 6 w effectively inhibited Cat S activity. Cat S activity and cell migration were significantly reduced in CL1-3 cells after treatment with either 6n or 6 w at 5 µM. Similar results were also obtained when A2058 cells were treated with 6n. These results highlight the therapeutic potential of α-ketoamide compounds, especially 6n and 6 w, to prevent or delay cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Catepsinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Amidas/síntese química , Amidas/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Catepsinas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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