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1.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(9): e27098, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) therapy is an indispensable tool used in critical care management. Patients undergoing HD are at risk for intradialytic adverse events, ranging from muscle cramps to cardiac arrest. So far, there is no effective HD device-integrated algorithm to assist medical staff in response to these adverse events a step earlier during HD. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop machine learning algorithms to predict intradialytic adverse events in an unbiased manner. METHODS: Three-month dialysis and physiological time-series data were collected from all patients who underwent maintenance HD therapy at a tertiary care referral center. Dialysis data were collected automatically by HD devices, and physiological data were recorded by medical staff. Intradialytic adverse events were documented by medical staff according to patient complaints. Features extracted from the time series data sets by linear and differential analyses were used for machine learning to predict adverse events during HD. RESULTS: Time series dialysis data were collected during the 4-hour HD session in 108 patients who underwent maintenance HD therapy. There were a total of 4221 HD sessions, 406 of which involved at least one intradialytic adverse event. Models were built by classification algorithms and evaluated by four-fold cross-validation. The developed algorithm predicted overall intradialytic adverse events, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.83, sensitivity of 0.53, and specificity of 0.96. The algorithm also predicted muscle cramps, with an AUC of 0.85, and blood pressure elevation, with an AUC of 0.93. In addition, the model built based on ultrafiltration-unrelated features predicted all types of adverse events, with an AUC of 0.81, indicating that ultrafiltration-unrelated factors also contribute to the onset of adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that algorithms combining linear and differential analyses with two-class classification machine learning can predict intradialytic adverse events in quasi-real time with high AUCs. Such a methodology implemented with local cloud computation and real-time optimization by personalized HD data could warn clinicians to take timely actions in advance.

2.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(6): e25247, 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysphonia influences the quality of life by interfering with communication. However, a laryngoscopic examination is expensive and not readily accessible in primary care units. Experienced laryngologists are required to achieve an accurate diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to detect various vocal fold diseases through pathological voice recognition using artificial intelligence. METHODS: We collected 189 normal voice samples and 552 samples of individuals with voice disorders, including vocal atrophy (n=224), unilateral vocal paralysis (n=50), organic vocal fold lesions (n=248), and adductor spasmodic dysphonia (n=30). The 741 samples were divided into 2 sets: 593 samples as the training set and 148 samples as the testing set. A convolutional neural network approach was applied to train the model, and findings were compared with those of human specialists. RESULTS: The convolutional neural network model achieved a sensitivity of 0.66, a specificity of 0.91, and an overall accuracy of 66.9% for distinguishing normal voice, vocal atrophy, unilateral vocal paralysis, organic vocal fold lesions, and adductor spasmodic dysphonia. Compared with the accuracy of human specialists, the overall accuracy rates were 60.1% and 56.1% for the 2 laryngologists and 51.4% and 43.2% for the 2 general ear, nose, and throat doctors. CONCLUSIONS: Voice alone could be used for common vocal fold disease recognition through a deep learning approach after training with our Mandarin pathological voice database. This approach involving artificial intelligence could be clinically useful for screening general vocal fold disease using the voice. The approach includes a quick survey and a general health examination. It can be applied during telemedicine in areas with primary care units lacking laryngoscopic abilities. It could support physicians when prescreening cases by allowing for invasive examinations to be performed only for cases involving problems with automatic recognition or listening and for professional analyses of other clinical examination results that reveal doubts about the presence of pathologies.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and to determine the ideal energy flux density of wide-focused ESWT in the treatment of trigger finger (TF). DESIGN: Double-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 60 patients (N=60) with grade II TF according to the Quinnell classification were randomly and evenly allocated to 3 treatment groups. INTERVENTIONS: Three treatment groups included a high-energy ESWT (HS) group (energy flux density of 0.01 mJ/mm2, 5.8 bar, 1500 impulses, once per week for 4wk), a low-energy ESWT (LS) group (energy flux density of 0.006 mJ/mm2, 3 bar, 1500 impulses, once per week for 4wk), and a sham intervention group (sham group). All participants received 6 months of follow-up after intervention when only painkillers were allowed as concomitant treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical outcomes were followed at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after intervention, including pain score, frequency of triggering, severity of triggering, functional impact of triggering, and quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire (qDASH). RESULTS: All groups showed significant improvements from baseline in all clinical parameters, except for functional impact of triggering, 6 months after the interventions. However, the HS group demonstrated a higher magnitude of improvement than the LS and sham groups. In addition, the HS group reported significantly lower pain (P=.01) and lower qDASH (P=.008) than the sham group 6 months after the interventions. No adverse effects were reported in the HS and LS groups within 6 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Wide-focused ESWT is a safe and effective but dose-dependent alternative facilitating pain relief and functional improvement in the treatment of grade II TF according to the Quinnell classification.

4.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 193, 2021 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Life-long peritoneal dialysis (PD) as a renal replacement therapy is limited by peritoneal fibrosis. Previous studies showed immunomodulatory and antifibrotic effects of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) on peritoneal fibrosis. However, the role of the peritoneal macrophage in this process remains uninvestigated. METHODS: We examined the therapeutic effects of ADSC and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC) in the rat model of dialysis-induced peritoneal fibrosis using methylglyoxal. In addition, treatment of macrophages with the conditioned medium of ADSC and BM-MSC was performed individually to identify the beneficial component of the stem cell secretome. RESULTS: In the in vivo experiments, we found dialysis-induced rat peritoneal fibrosis was attenuated by both ADSC and BM-MSC. Interestingly, ADSC possessed a more prominent therapeutic effect than BM-MSC in ameliorating peritoneal membrane thickening while also upregulating epithelial cell markers in rat peritoneal tissues. The therapeutic effects of ADSC were positively associated with M2 macrophage polarization. In the in vitro experiments, we confirmed that interleukin-6 (IL-6) secreted by MSCs upon transforming growth factor-ß1 stimulation promotes M2 macrophage polarization. CONCLUSIONS: In dialysis-induced peritoneal fibrosis, MSCs are situated in an inflammatory environment of TGF-ß1 and secrete IL-6 to polarize macrophages into the M2 phenotype. Our findings reveal a previously unidentified role of tissue macrophage in this antifibrotic process. ADSC has the advantage of abundance and accessibility, making the application values extremely promising. In dialysis-induced peritoneal fibrosis, peritoneal mesothelial cells secrete transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) when exposed to methylglyoxal (MGO)-containing peritoneal dialysate. When situated in TGF-ß1, the inflammatory environment induces mesenchymal stem cells to secrete interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-6 polarizes macrophages into the M2 phenotype. The dominant peritoneal tissue M2 macrophages, marked by upregulated Arg-1 expression, account for the attenuation of MGO-induced dedifferentiation of peritoneal mesothelial cells to maintain epithelial integrity.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Fibrose Peritoneal , Animais , Interleucina-6 , Macrófagos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Fibrose Peritoneal/etiologia , Fibrose Peritoneal/patologia , Fibrose Peritoneal/terapia , Ratos , Diálise Renal
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(5)2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670996

RESUMO

Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) possess potential of bone formation and were proposed as ideal material against osteoporosis. Although interrogation of directing effect on lineage specification by physical cues has been proposed, how mechanical stimulation impacts intracellular viscoelasticity during osteogenesis remained enigmatic. Cyto-friendly 3D matrix was prepared with polyacrylamide and conjugated fibronectin. The hMSCs were injected with fluorescent beads and chemically-induced toward osteogenesis. The mechanical properties were assessed using video particle tracking microrheology. Inverted epifluorescence microscope was exploited to capture the Brownian trajectory of hMSCs. Mean square displacement was calculated and transformed into intracellular viscoelasticity. Two different stiffness of microspheres (12 kPa, 1 kPa) were established. A total of 45 cells were assessed. hMSCs possessed equivalent mechanical traits initially in the first week, while cells cultured in rigid matrix displayed significant elevation over elastic (G') and viscous moduli (G") on day 7 (p < 0.01) and 14 (p < 0.01). However, after two weeks, soft niches no longer stiffened hMSCs, whereas the effect by rigid substrates was consistently during the entire differentiation course. Stiffness of matrix impacted the viscoelasticity of hMSCs. Detailed recognition of how microenvironment impacts mechanical properties and differentiation of hMSCs will facilitate the advancement of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Módulo de Elasticidade/fisiologia , Matriz Extracelular/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Osteogênese , Engenharia Tecidual , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Viscosidade
6.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 168: 234-246, 2021 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781894

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is characterized by reductions in bone mass, which could be attributed to the dysregulation of bone homeostasis, such as the loss of balance between bone-resorbing osteoclasts and bone-forming osteoblasts. Elevated levels of oxidative stress increase bone resorption by promoting osteoclastogenesis and inhibiting the osteogenesis. Ginkgolide B (GB), a small natural molecule from Ginkgo biloba, has been reported to possess pharmacological activities by regulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) in aging-related degenerative diseases. Herein, we assessed the therapeutic effects of GB on the bone phenotypes of mice with osteoporosis induced by (I) aging, (II) ovariectomy, and (III) glucocorticoids. In all three animal models, oral gavage of GB significantly improved bone mass consistent with the increase in the OPG-to-RANKL ratio. In the in vitro experiments, GB promoted osteogenesis in aged mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and repressed osteoclastogenesis in aged macrophages by reducing ROS. The serum protein profile in GB-treated aged mice revealed moderate rejuvenating effects; signaling pathways associated with ROS were also regulated. The anabolic and anti-catabolic effects of GB were illustrated by the reduction in ROS. Our results indicate that GB is effective in treating osteoporosis. The use of GB in patients with osteoporosis is worthy of further clinical investigation.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Osteoporose , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Feminino , Ginkgolídeos , Homeostase , Humanos , Lactonas , Camundongos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Ligante RANK
7.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246625, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617575

RESUMO

Most of complications after impacted mandibular third molar (iLM3) extraction surgeries are transient and resolved spontaneously within one or two weeks, but some of them are more complicated and required further treatments to alleviate the symptoms. The aim of study is to revisit incidence and predictors of complications after iLM3 surgery by reviewing previous literature and investigating a population-based data. From Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, records of 16,609 patients who had received iLM3 extraction under ambulatory settings were retrieved for analysis. Outcomes of interest included dry socket (DS), prolonged temporomandibular joint symptoms (TMD), and surgical site infection (SSI), which necessitated additional appointments to manage. Odds ratios of having those complications between different variables were analyzed. The incidence rates of DS, TMD, and SSI were 3.6%, 0.41%, 0.17%, respectively; while they ranged from 0.33-19.14% (DS), 0-4.17% (TMD), and 0.2-5.17% (SSI) in previous studies. Logistic regression revealed DS significantly correlated with complexity of odontectomy (2.5-fold of risk) and history of gingivitis or pericoronitis (1.3-fold of risk). More TMD was found in female than male patients (0.5% versus 0.3%). However, no factors associated with SSI was found; neither did we find aging as a risk in association with any of above complications. Compared to previous studies, our data supports that surgical intervention should be considered in iLM3 with risk of gingivitis or pericoronitis to reduce the occurrence of DS. The original information in this article, which provides a "real-world" evidence, along with the organizing data we summarized from previous article, can serve as a reference for clinicians in assessing the complication risks before treatment of iLM3.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Alvéolo Seco/epidemiologia , Alvéolo Seco/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Taiwan , Extração Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 120(1 Pt 2): 380-387, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536381

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is limited evidence available regarding when the best time to extract impacted lower third molars (iLM3). Thus, the current study is aimed to examine the association between the age of patients during the time of extraction of their iLM3 and the sequelae of their adjacent second molar (LM2) in order to find a better time to remove iLM3. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study was conducted with a total of 15,432 patients from ages 16-45 years old who had their first surgical extraction of iLM3. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate variables in association with the sequalae of LM2. Adjusted odds ratios (AOR) were calculated to show the influence of the age of patients by multivariate regression model. RESULTS: Patients who had iLM3 extraction over 22 years of age had a significantly higher risk of having LM2 pulpal disease (AOR: from 2.84 in 23-25 age to 11.58 in >35 age). Significantly higher risk of having LM2 periodontal conditions was found in individuals over 31 years of age (AOR: 1.47 in 31-35 age, 1.90 in >35 age), with prior periodontitis (AOR: 1.97) or complicated odontectomy (AOR: 1.43). The risk of LM2 being extracted due to an untreatable condition was highest in patients more than 35 years old (AOR: 14.38). CONCLUSION: The age of patients having iLM3 extracted was independently associated with various LM2 sequelae. We suggest that patients can have their iLM3 extracted in their college/university age (19-22-year-old) to minimize complications on the adjacent LM2.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Adolescente , Adulto , Envelhecimento , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Mandíbula , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Molar , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/epidemiologia , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244557, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The supplemental screw technique was introduced for salvage of lateral hinge fracture in medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (owHTO). The efficacy of its use in protection of lateral hinge fracture and corresponding biomechanical behaviors remained unclear. The current study was aimed to clarify if a supplemental screw can provide better protection to lateral hinge in biomechanical perspective. MATERIALS: An in vitro biomechanical test was conducted. Tibial sawbones, commercial owHTO plates and a cannulated screw were utilized for preparing the intact, owHTO, and owHTO with cannulated screw insertion specimens. A "staircase" dynamic load protocol was adopted for axial compressive test with increasing load levels to determine structural strength and durability by using a material testing system, while a motion capture system was applied for determining the dynamic changes in varus angle and posterior slope of the tibia plateau with various specimen preparation conditions. RESULTS: Type II lateral hinge fracture were the major failure pattern in all specimens prepared with owHTO. The insertion of a supplemental cannulated screw in medial owHTO specimens reinforced structural stability and durability in dynamic cyclic loading tests: the compressive stiffness increased to 58.9-62.2% of an intact specimen, whereas the owHTO specimens provided only 23.7-29.2% of stiffness of an intact specimen. In view of tibial plateau alignment, the insertion of a supplemental screw improved the structural deficiency caused by owHTO, and reduced the posterior slope increase and excessive varus deformity by 81.8% and 83.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The current study revealed that supplemental screw insertion is a simple and effective technique to improve the structural stability and durability in medial owHTO.


Assuntos
Osteotomia/instrumentação , Tíbia/cirurgia , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Parafusos Ósseos , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Tíbia/fisiopatologia , Fraturas da Tíbia/fisiopatologia
10.
Biomed Rep ; 13(6): 53, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082950

RESUMO

In the field of bone research, the importance of the function of skeletal macrophages (sMΦ) and their crucial role in immune homeostasis and bone regeneration has been extensively studied. The aim of the present systematic review was to summarize the role of sMΦ in bone fracture healing and to evaluate their potential for immunoregulatory therapy in bone regeneration. A systematic literature search of PubMed and Embase® was performed to retrieve studies on the role of sMΦ in bone injury repair. The Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation tool was used to assess the risk of bias of the studies included. A total of four articles were included in the present review. A relatively high risk of bias was identified in the included articles as none of the assessors in these studies were blinded. sMΦ were defined by the surface markers F4/80+, Mac-2- / low, TRAP-, CD169+, Ly6G- and CD115low. All of the studies provided support for the essential role of sMΦ in intramembranous ossification or endochondral ossification during fracture healing. F4/80+Mac-2-CD169+ sMΦ are a promising therapeutic target for immunoregulatory therapy of bone repair due to their essential role in bone formation and homeostasis. Future studies aimed at profiling and modulating sMΦ to promote bone regeneration are required.

11.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 478, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is a major complication that results in increased morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Most established prediction models are limited to the analysis of nonlinear relationships and fail to fully consider intraoperative variables, which represent the acute response to surgery. Therefore, this study utilized an artificial intelligence-based machine learning approach thorough perioperative data-driven learning to predict CSA-AKI. METHODS: A total of 671 patients undergoing cardiac surgery from August 2016 to August 2018 were enrolled. AKI following cardiac surgery was defined according to criteria from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). The variables used for analysis included demographic characteristics, clinical condition, preoperative biochemistry data, preoperative medication, and intraoperative variables such as time-series hemodynamic changes. The machine learning methods used included logistic regression, support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), extreme gradient boosting (XGboost), and ensemble (RF + XGboost). The performance of these models was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). We also utilized SHapley Additive exPlanation (SHAP) values to explain the prediction model. RESULTS: Development of CSA-AKI was noted in 163 patients (24.3%) during the first postoperative week. Regarding the efficacy of the single model that most accurately predicted the outcome, RF exhibited the greatest AUC (0.839, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.772-0.898), whereas the AUC (0.843, 95% CI 0.778-0.899) of ensemble model (RF + XGboost) was even greater than that of the RF model alone. The top 3 most influential features in the RF importance matrix plot were intraoperative urine output, units of packed red blood cells (pRBCs) transfused during surgery, and preoperative hemoglobin level. The SHAP summary plot was used to illustrate the positive or negative effects of the top 20 features attributed to the RF. We also used the SHAP dependence plot to explain how a single feature affects the output of the RF prediction model. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, machine learning methods were successfully established to predict CSA-AKI, which determines risks following cardiac surgery, enabling the optimization of postoperative treatment strategies to minimize the postoperative complications following cardiac surgeries.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Modelos Estatísticos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32793578

RESUMO

The juxta-anastomotic stenosis of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a significant clinical problem in hemodialysis patients with no effective treatment. Previous studies of AV anastomotic angles on hemodynamics and vascular wall injury were based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations using standardized AVF geometry, not the real-world patient images. The present study is the first CFD study to use angiographic images with patient-specific outcome information, i.e., the exact location of the AVF stenotic lesion. We conducted the CFD analysis utilizing patient-specific AVF geometric models to investigate hemodynamic parameters at different locations of an AVF, and the association between hemodynamic parameters and the anastomotic angle, particularly at the stenotic location. We analyzed 27 patients who used radio-cephalic AVF for hemodialysis and received an angiographic examination for juxta-anastomotic stenosis. The three-dimensional geometrical model of each patient's AVF was built using the angiographic images, in which the shape and the anastomotic angle of the AVF were depicted. CFD simulations of AVF hemodynamics were conducted to obtain blood flow parameters at different locations of an AVF. We found that at the location of the stenotic lesion, the AV angle was significantly correlated with access flow disturbance (r = 0.739; p < 0.001) and flow velocity (r = 0.563; p = 0.002). Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed that the AV angle determines the lesion's flow disturbance with a high area under the curve value of 0.878. The ROC analysis also identified a cut-off value of the AV angle as 46.5°, above or below which the access flow disturbance was significantly different. By applying CFD analysis to real-world patient images, the present study provides evidence that an anastomotic angle wider than 46.5° might lead to disturbed flow generation, demonstrating a reference angle to adopt during the anastomosis surgery.

13.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(7): e17032, 2020 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32457026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis (AC) of the shoulder is a common disorder that painfully reduces the shoulder range of motion (ROM) among middle-aged individuals. Although physical therapy with home-based exercises is widely advised to restore ROM in the treatment of AC, clinical results vary owing to inconsistent patient compliance. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to verify the feasibility of a treatment model that involves applying a wearable motion sensor device to assist patients conduct home-based exercises to improve training compliance and the accuracy of exercises, with the ultimate goal of improving the functional recovery of patients with AC. METHODS: The motion sensor device was comprised of inertial measurement unit-based sensors and mobile apps for patients and physicians, offering shoulder mobility tracing, home-based exercise support, and progress monitoring. The interrater reliability of shoulder mobility measurement using the motion sensor device on 10 healthy participants and 15 patients with AC was obtained using an intraclass correlation coefficient analysis and compared with the assessments performed by two highly experienced physicians. A pilot prospective control trial was then carried out to allocate the 15 patients with AC to two groups: home-based exercise group and motion sensor-assisted rehabilitation group. Changes in active and passive shoulder ROM, pain and functional scores, and exercise completion rates were compared between the groups during a treatment period of 3 months. RESULTS: Shoulder ROM, as measured using the motion sensor device, exhibited good to excellent reliability based on the comparison with the measurements of two physicians (intraclass correlation coefficient range, 0.771 to 0.979). Compared with patients with AC in the home-based exercise group, those in the motion sensor-assisted rehabilitation group exhibited better shoulder mobility and functional recovery and a higher exercise completion rate during and after 3 months of rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: Motion sensor device-assisted home-based rehabilitation for the treatment of AC is a useful treatment model for telerehabilitation that enhances the compliance of patients through training, thus improving functional recovery. This helps overcome important obstacles in physiotherapy at home by providing comprehensible and easily accessible exercise instructions, enhancing compliance, ensuring the correctness of exercise, and monitoring the progress of patients.


Assuntos
Bursite/reabilitação , Telemedicina/métodos , Telerreabilitação/métodos , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Bursite/patologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 526(3): 827-832, 2020 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32273088

RESUMO

Mechanical properties of biological tissues are increasingly recognized as an important parameter for the indication of disease states as well as tissue homeostasis and regeneration. Multipotent mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs), which play important roles in bone formation and remodeling, are potential cell sources for regenerative medicine. However, the cellular mechanical properties of differentiating MSCs corresponding to the substrate stiffness has not been sufficiently studied. In this study, we used Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to measure changes of stiffness of human MSCs cultured in rigid Petri dish and on polyacrylamide (PA) substrates during osteogenic differentiation. The results showed that the Young's modulus of MSC cytoplasmic outer region increased over time during osteogenesis. There is a strong linear correlation between the osteogenic induction time and the Young's modulus of the cells cultured in rigid Petri dishes in the first 15 days after the induction; the Young's modulus approaches to a plateau after day 15. On the other hand, the Young's moduli of MSCs cultured on PA gels with stiffness of 7 kPa and 42 kPa also increase over time during osteogenic differentiation, but the inclination of such increase is much smaller than that of MSCs differentiating in rigid dishes. Herein, we established a protocol of AFM measurement to evaluate the maturation of stem cell osteogenic differentiation at the single cell level and could encourage further AFM applications in tissue engineering related to mechanobiology.


Assuntos
Módulo de Elasticidade/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Microscopia de Força Atômica/métodos , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Engenharia Tecidual
16.
JMIR Med Inform ; 8(4): e18094, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The trend of quick evolution and increased digital data in today's operating rooms (ORs) has led to the construction of hybrid ORs. There is often a main control room with monitors for integrating intraoperative data from multiple devices in the hybrid OR. However, there is no adequate solution for communicating the data with people outside the OR. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to design an intelligent operating room (iOR) system, augmented onto the existing information technology (IT) infrastructure of hybrid ORs, to stream surgery performance and intraoperative imaging data. METHODS: In this study, an all-in-one device with synergetic encoder and decoder was used. The device was able to stream multiple sources to one display. The lossless video and images from specific surgical workflows were streamed outside the hybrid OR through network protocols and were further managed by a streaming server and wireless control system. The steps of this study included the following: (1) defining the requirements and feasibility of an iOR system in the hybrid OR, (2) connecting multiple sources, (3) setting up equipment across the hybrid OR and a conference room, (4) designing a video management system, and (5) real-time streaming under specific surgical workflows. RESULTS: The wired streamed video was shown simultaneously on the display in the hybrid OR and the display in the conference room with near-zero latency. Additionally, an interactive video between the hybrid OR and the conference room was achieved through the bidirectional wireless control system. The functions of recording, archiving, and playback were successfully provided by the streaming server. The readily available hardware components and open-access programming reduced the cost required to construct this streaming system. CONCLUSIONS: This flexible and cost-effective iOR system not only provided educational benefits, but also contributed to surgical telementoring.

17.
J Orthop Translat ; 21: 24-34, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071872

RESUMO

Background: The role of macrophages (Mφs) in tendon injury healing is controversy. The aims of this study were to determine whether there is a shift in Mφs polarisation after an acute and chronic tendon injury â€‹and to assess whether the Mφs polarisation between the partial and complete rupture is different. Methods: This systematic review of the scientific literature was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Cochrane guidelines. PubMed database and Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE) were used for specific search criteria. Only studies measuring Mφs using specific cell markers in Achilles tendon tissue and rotator cuff tendon tissue were included, respectively. Results: Five Achilles tendon injury studies and four rotator cuff injury studies were included. Expression of the pan Mϕs marker Cluster of Differentiation (CD) 68 was significantly upregulated in acute Achilles tendon ruptures compared to intact tendons, while no significant changes were found in Mφs polarisation markers CD80 (M1 Mφs) and CD206 (M2 Mφs). High levels of CD86 (M1 Mφs) and CD206 were observed in acute partial rupture. Expression of CD68 and CD206 were significantly upregulated in chronic rotator cuff tendinopathy and downregulated as structural failure increases. A low level of CD206 was observed in complete tendon rupture regardless of acute or chronic injury. Discussion and conclusion: In spite of the limited number of articles included, findings from this study suggested that the process of inflammation plays an important role in acute Achilles tendon injuries, indicated by the increased expression of CD68+ Mφs. Low levels of CD206+ Mφs were constantly observed in complete Achilles tendon rupture, while high levels of CD80+ Mφs and CD206+ Mφs were observed in partial Achilles tendon rupture, which suggested the potential correlation between M2 Mφs and tendon structure. For chronic rotator cuff injury, CD68+ Mφs and CD206+ Mφs were higher in tendinopathic tissues in comparison to the intact control tissues. Both CD68+ Mφs and CD206+ Mφs has an inverse relation to the structural failure in the torn rotator cuff tendon. After tendon rupture, the time point of biopsy specimen collection is an important factor, which could occur in the acute phase or chronic phase. Collectively, the understanding of the roles in Mφs after tendon injury is inadequate, and more research efforts should be devoted to this direction. The translational potential of this article: This article provided a potential implication on how pan Mφs or M2 Mφs might be associated with ruptured or torn tendon structure. Managing Mφs numbers and phenotypes may lead to possible novel therapeutic approaches to the management of early tendinopathy, early acute tendon rupture, hence, promote healing after restoration surgery.

18.
Stem Cells Int ; 2019: 6832952, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871469

RESUMO

Clinically, in patients who sustain severe open fractures, there is not only a segmental bone defect needed to be reconstructed but also insufficient healing capacity due to concomitant damages to the periosteum and surrounding soft tissues. For studying the reconstruction of bone defects associated with massive loss of periosteum and surrounding soft tissues, there are no well-established preclinical models in large animals in the literature. The purpose of the study was to generate a large animal model of bone defect with massive periosteum loss and to adopt a tissue engineering approach to achieve rapid bony union with stem cells and biomaterials. In this study, a bone defect with massive periosteum stripping was generated in pigs, which was followed by emptying nearby canal marrow including fat and cancellous bone. The stripped periosteum was a mimic to the situation in the Gustilo type 3 open fractures. Bone defects were then reconstructed by impacting the biocompatible ceramic scaffold, morselized tricalcium phosphate (TCP) loaded with human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Radiological and pathological assessments indicated that TCP and hMSCs synergistically promoted bone healing with increased lamination and ingrowth of vessels. Both bridging periosteum formation and gap filling were induced rapidly. In conclusion, a porcine model of segmental bone loss with damage of surrounding periosteum was created. Reconstruction of such defects with hMSCs and TCP achieved rapid union of bone defects associated with massive periosteal stripping.

19.
Xenotransplantation ; 26(6): e12542, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fulminant liver failure (FLF) is a life-threatening disease. METHODS: Lethal FLF was induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury in mini-pigs, and MSCs were infused via splenic vein after reperfusion. RESULTS: Accumulated survival within 28 days was significantly improved by MSCs (P = 0.0348). Notably, MSCs maintained blood-gas homeostasis in the first 24 hours and prevented FLF-induced elevation of prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, and creatinine and ammonia levels in the first 3 days. With MSCs, serum levels of liver enzymes gradually decreased after 3 days, and platelet count was back to normal at 1 week of FLF. MSCs promoted liver regeneration within 2 weeks and differentiated into functional hepatocytes at 2-4 weeks after transplantation, evidenced by increase in Ki67-positive cells, detectable human hepatocyte growth factor, human vascular endothelial growth factor, human hepatocyte-specific antigen, and human albumin-expressing cells in the liver at different time points. Reactive oxidative species (ROS) were accumulated after FLF and eliminated at 4 weeks after MSC transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Together, MSCs prolong the survival and prevent lethal sequelae of I-R injury-induced FLF by maintenance of liver-function homeostasis and rescue of ROS in the acute stage and by homing and differentiation into hepatocytes in the subacute stage.


Assuntos
Hepatócitos/citologia , Falência Hepática Aguda/terapia , Fígado/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Suínos , Transplante Heterólogo/métodos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
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