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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227530

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Accurate identification of slow conducting regions in patients with scar-related atrial tachycardia (AT) is difficult using conventional electrogram annotation for cardiac electroanatomic mapping (EAM). Estimating delays between neighboring mapping sites is a potential option for activation map computation. We describe our initial experience with CARTO 3 Coherent Mapping (Biosense Webster Inc,) in the ablation of complex ATs. METHODS: Twenty patients (58 ± 10 y/o, 15 males) with complex ATs were included. We created three-dimensional EAMs using CARTO 3 system with CONFIDENSE and a high-resolution mapping catheter (Biosense Webster Inc). Local activation time and coherent maps were used to aid in the identification of conduction isthmus (CI) and focal origin sites. System-defined slow or nonconducting zones and CI, defined by concealed entrainment (postpacing interval < 20 ms), CV < 0.3 m/s and local fractionated electrograms were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty-six complex ATs were mapped (mean: 1.3 ± 0.7 maps/pt; 4 focal, 22 isthmus-dependent). Coherent mapping was better in identifying CI/breakout sites where ablation terminated the tachycardia (96.2% vs 69.2%; P = .010) and identified significantly more CI (mean/chamber 2.0 ± 1.1 vs 1.0 ± 0.7; P < .001) with narrower width (19.8 ± 10.5 vs 43.0 ± 23.9 mm; P < .001) than conventional mapping. Ablation at origin and CI sites was successful in 25 (96.2%) with long-term recurrence in 25%. CONCLUSIONS: Coherent mapping with conduction velocity vectors derived from adjacent mapping sites significantly improved the identification of CI sites in scar-related ATs with isthmus-dependent re-entry better than conventional mapping. It may be used in conjunction with conventional mapping strategies to facilitate recognition of slow conduction areas and critical sites that are important targets of ablation.

2.
Heart Rhythm ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether ectopic atrial rhythm (EAR) is a high-risk cardiovascular phenotype (eg, the manifestation of a diseased sinoatrial node) or just a benign accelerated ectopic pacemaker remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the cardiovascular outcomes and underlying mechanisms in patients with EAR. METHODS: From a 12-lead electrocardiogram hospital-based electrocardiogram database, a total of 2896 adults with EAR were propensity score matched at 1:5 with 14,480 patients with sinus rhythm (SR). Patients were retrospectively followed up for cardiovascular mortality (the primary outcome) and permanent pacemaker implantation (the secondary outcome). Heart rate variability was analyzed to compare autonomic function between patients with EAR and those with SR. RESULTS: The prevalence of EAR was 1.13%, which increased with age. Compared with the matched patients, those with EAR had a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.93; 95% confidence interval 1.52-2.44; P < .0001) and permanent pacemaker implantation (adjusted hazard ratio 5.94; 95% confidence interval 3.89-9.09; P < .0001) according to the Cox proportional hazards regression model. The risk of cardiovascular mortality was similar across the subgroups on the basis of age, sex, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, and chronic kidney diseases. In patients with EAR, the low frequency/high frequency and standard deviation of the mean normal-to-normal intervals/root mean square of successive differences ratios for heart rate variability were both lower than those in patients with SR. This implied autonomic imbalance in patients with EAR. CONCLUSION: Patients with EAR have a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality and permanent pacemaker implantation, which was associated with autonomic imbalance.

3.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(1): 9-17, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of refractory electrical storm (ES) requiring mechanical circulation support (MCS) remains a clinical challenge in structural heart disease (SHD). OBJECTIVE: The study sought to explore the 30-day and 1-year outcome of rescue ablation for refractory ES requiring MCS in SHD. METHODS: A total of 81 patients (mean age: 55.3 ± 18.9, 73 men [90.1%]) undergoing ablation were investigated, including 26 patients with ES requiring MCS (group 1) and 55 patients without (group 2). The 30-day and 1-year outcome, including mortality and recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VAs) receiving appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillators therapies, were assessed. RESULTS: The patients in group 1 were characterized by older age, more ischemic cardiomyopathies, worse left ventricular ejection fraction, and more comorbidities. Thirty days after ablation, overall events were seen in 15 patients (mortality in 10 and recurrent VA in 7), including pumping failure-related mortality in 6 (60%). During a 30-day follow-up, higher mortality was noted in group 1. After a 1-year follow-up, in spite of the higher mortality in group 1 (P < .001), the overall events and VA recurrences were similar between these two groups (P = .154 and P = .466, respectively). There was a significant reduction of VA burden in both groups and two patients had recurrent ES. CONCLUSION: Higher 30-day mortality was observed in patients undergoing rescue ablation for refractory ES requiring MCS, and pumping failure was the major cause of periprocedural death. Rescue ablation successfully prevented VA recurrences and resulted in a comparable 1-year prognosis between ES with and without MCS.

4.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(9)2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540013

RESUMO

We demonstrate excellent color quality of liquid-type white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) using a combination of green light-emitting CsPbBr3 and red light-emitting CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs). Previously, we reported red (CsPbBr1.2I1.8) and green (CsPbBr3) perovskite QDs (PQDs)-based WLEDs with high color gamut, which manifested fast anion exchange and stability issues. Herein, the replacement of red PQDs with CdSe/ZnS QDs has resolved the aforementioned problems effectively and improved both stability and efficiency. Further, the proposed liquid-type device possesses outstanding color gamut performance (132% of National Television System Committee and 99% of Rec. 2020). It also shows a high efficiency of 66 lm/W and an excellent long-term operation stability for over 1000 h.

5.
Acta Cardiol Sin ; 33(5): 468-476, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28959098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The extension catheter was originally developed to facilitate stent delivery to challenging lesions. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of using an extension catheter in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). METHODS: Two interventional cardiologists reviewed the records of all consecutive patients who, between November 2011 and October 2015, had undergone PCI with a GuideLiner or Heartrail ST-01 extension catheter. Clinical demographics, vessel characteristics, procedural details, and outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: We identified 136 (3.7%) eligible patients (male: 81.6%; mean age: 66.2 ± 11.2 years) in 3665 PCI procedures. Seventy-two (52.9%) cases required increased support to cross severely calcified lesions. The remainder were coronary tortuosity [47 (34.6%)], chronic total occlusions [35 (25.7%)], previously deployed proximal stents [16 (11.8%)], and anomalous origin of coronary artery [9 (6.6%)]. There were 43 type B and 91 type C lesions. The success rate was 86.8% (118) and the complication rate was 6.6% (7 coronary dissections, 1 thrombus formation, and 1 stent dislodgement). All complications were successfully managed using endovascular interventions. The failure rate significantly (25.5%) increased if more than 3 of 6 peri-procedural factors coexisted: 1) long lesions (> 30 mm), 2) tortuosity, 3) calcification, 4) chronic total occlusion, 5) previous intervention history, and 6) previously deployed proximal stents. CONCLUSIONS: Using an extension catheter for challenging complex PCIs is safe and highly successful if the practitioner has adequate experience manipulating extension catheters.

6.
Clin Cardiol ; 40(8): 559-565, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28444977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite limited evidence, postoperative prophylactic antibiotics are often used in the setting of permanent pacemaker implantation or replacement. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of postoperative antibiotics. HYPOTHESIS: Postoperative prophylactic antibiotics may be not clinically useful. METHODS: We recruited 367 consecutive patients undergoing permanent pacemaker implantation or generator replacement at a tertiary referral center. Baseline demographics, clinical characteristics, and procedure information were collected, and all patients received preoperative prophylactic antibiotics. Postoperative prophylactic antibiotics were administered at the discretion of the treating physician, and all patients were seen in follow-up every 3 to 6 months for an average follow-up period of 16 months. The primary endpoint was device-related infection. RESULTS: A total of 110 patients were treated with preoperative antibiotics only (group 1), whereas 257 patients received both preoperative and postoperative antibiotics (group 2). After a mean follow-up period of 16 months, 1 patient in group 1 (0.9%) and 4 patients in group 2 (1.5%) experienced a device-related infection. There was no significant difference in the rate of infection between the 2 groups (P = 0.624). In the univariate analysis, only the age (60 ± 11 vs 75 ± 12 years, P < 0.001) was significantly different between the infected and noninfected groups. In the multivariate analysis, younger age was an independent risk factor for infective complications (odds ratio = 1.08, P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Patients treated with preoperative and postoperative antibiotics had a similar rate of infection as those treated with preoperative antibiotics alone. Further studies are needed to confirm these preliminary findings.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Int Heart J ; 57(5): 541-6, 2016 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27581671

RESUMO

It is unknown whether there has been any change in the causes of death for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the era of aggressive reperfusion. We analyzed the direct causes of in-hospital death in patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a tertiary referral center over the past 10 years.We retrospectively analyzed 878 STEMI patients treated with primary PCI in our hospital between January 2005 and December 2014. There were no significant changes in the age and sex of patients, but the prevalence of hypertension and smoking decreased. STEMI severity increased with more patients in Killip classification > 2. The number of out-ofhospital cardiac arrest events also increased over the 10 years. Symptom onset-to-door time did not change in the 10year study period. The care quality was improved with shorter door-to-balloon time for primary PCI and increased use of dual antiplatelet therapy. The all-cause in-hospital mortality was 9.1%, which did not vary over the 10 years. Multivariable analysis showed that Killip classification > 2 was the most important determinant of death. Cardiogenic shock was the major cause of cardiovascular death. There was an increase in non-cardiovascular causes of death in the most recent 3 years, with infection being a major problem.Despite improvement in care quality for STEMI, the in-hospital mortality did not decrease in this tertiary referral center over these 10 years due to increased disease severity and non-cardiovascular causes of death.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Taiwan , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tempo para o Tratamento
8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 5(5)2016 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27207972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is involved in cholesterol homeostasis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. This study investigated the association of plasma PCSK9 levels with the presence and severity of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and with parameters of endothelial homeostasis. METHODS AND RESULTS: A post hoc analysis of 2 randomized trials (115 patients, 44 with PAD and 71 without atherosclerotic disease) was conducted. Patients with PAD had significantly higher plasma PCSK9 levels than those without (471.6±29.6 versus 302.4±16.1 ng/mL, P<0.001). Parameters for glucose homeostasis, endothelial progenitor cell functions, apoptotic circulating endothelial cell counts, and plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor-A165 and oxidized low-density lipoprotein were correlated with PCSK9 concentration. By multivariable linear regression analysis, presence of PAD, plasma glucose or hemoglobin A1c levels, apoptotic circulating endothelial cell counts, and vascular endothelial growth factor-A165 concentration were found to be associated with PCSK9 levels after multivariable adjustment. Patients with extensive involvement of PAD or with severe PAD had significantly higher PCSK9 levels than those without PAD. Computed tomographic angiography showed that the numbers of chronic total occlusion sites and vessels involved were positively associated with PCSK9 levels in patients with PAD (r=0.40, P=0.01, and r=0.36, P=0.02, respectively). CONCLUSION: PCSK9 levels were significantly higher in patients with PAD, especially those with advanced PAD. Further large-scale studies examining the effect of PCSK9-targeting therapies or the modification of PCSK9 levels on cardiovascular outcomes in this clinical setting are warranted. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Cohort 1: URL: ClinicalTrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01952756; cohort 2: URL: ClinicalTrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02194686.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/sangue , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/sangue , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Idoso , Apoptose , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Doença Crônica , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Trials ; 17(1): 112, 2016 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26927298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of significant obstructive coronary artery disease with complex lesions is high in patients who have low extremity artery disease (LEAD). However, intermediate- or long-term cardiovascular prognosis of LEAD patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) remains poor. Accordingly, prophylactic coronary revascularization may modify short- and long-term cardiovascular outcomes of LEAD patients receiving PTA. Because myocardial ischemic symptoms are often masked in LEAD and the accuracy of non-invasive stress tests is usually limited, a high-quality randomized controlled trial aimed at the investigation of the prognostic role of coronary evaluation strategies before PTA is warranted. METHODS/DESIGN: The proposed study is designed as a prospective, multi-center, open-label, superiority, randomized controlled trial. The study is conducted in high-volume centers for PTA and coronary revascularization in Taiwan. To meet the inclusion criteria, the patients must be at least 20 years old, have known LEAD, and have been admitted for elective PTA. We plan to enroll 450 participants who are randomly allocated to a routine group (routine coronary angiography without a previous non-invasive stress test before PTA) and a selective group (selective coronary angiography based on the results of non-invasive stress tests before PTA) with 1:1 ratio. Besides, we expect to enroll about 250 additional participants, who are not willing to be randomly assigned, in the registration group. The choice of revascularization procedure depends on the operator's or cardiovascular team's suggestion and the patient's decision. Clinical follow-up will be performed 30 days after PTA and every 6 months until the end of the 1-year follow-up for the last randomly assigned participant. The primary endpoint is the composite major adverse cardiac event on long-term follow-up. Pre-specified secondary and other endpoints are also evaluated. Those assessing biomarkers and clinical endpoints are all blinded after assignment to interventions. DISCUSSION: The results of the trial will, for the first time, support better decision-making for coronary evaluation before PTA in LEAD. If favorable, routine coronary angiography followed by revascularization will improve cardiovascular outcomes in LEAD patients undergoing PTA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02169258 (registered on 21 June 2014); registry name: Routine Coronary Catheterization in Low Extremity Artery Disease Undergoing Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PIROUETTE-PTA).


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Protocolos Clínicos , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Sci Rep ; 5: 9937, 2015 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25909510

RESUMO

Cyclophilin A (CyPA), secreted by vascular smooth muscle cells in response to oxidative stress, is important in the pathogenesis of progressive peripheral arterial occlusion disease (PAOD), which is common among chronic kidney disease. We explored the prevalence of PAOD in Taiwan's elderly (≥ 65 years old) population and its association with CyPA and renal function. Residents of Tianliao District, a rural community in southern Taiwan, were surveyed. An ankle-brachial index (ABI) < 0.91 was defined as PAOD. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined based on eGFR levels < 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Serum CyPA was measured. Of the 473 participants, 68 (14.4%) had PAOD. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed PAOD was significantly associated with lower eGFR, lower BMI, higher glycated hemoglobin and higher pulse pressure. Serum CyPA levels in participants with PAOD were significantly higher than those with normal ABI values (47.3 ± 0.4 vs. 25.5 ± 0.2 ng/mL, p < 0.001). Moreover, eGFR inversely correlated with serum CyPA level (p < 0.05) in participants with CKD, but not in participants with normal renal function. In conclusion, with a prevalence of PAOD as high as 14.4% in an elderly community, CyPA might be the link between PAOD and advanced impaired renal function.


Assuntos
Ciclofilina A/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/patologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar
12.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 5(1): 60, 2013 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24499542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both physical activity and inflammation are important in the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Our study aim is to explore their associations in an elderly male (≥ 65 years old) cohort. METHODS: We enrolled 309 elderly male residents (mean age: 74.4 ± 6.0 years) in a remote southern Taiwan community. The physical activity was recorded by a standard questionnaire. A high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level > 3.0 mg/L indicated a high inflammatory status. RESULTS: The total prevalence rate of MetS was 27.8% in this male geriatric cohort. Median hsCRP levels were significantly higher in the MetS group (1.60 ± 0.7 vs. 1.0 ± 0.3 mg/L, p < 0.01), and the risk of elevated hsCRP increased with escalating MetS components (p for trend < 0.001). The non-MetS group had higher amount of median weekly physical activity (183.1 ± 19.0 vs. 173.5 ± 10.6 MET-hr/week, p = 0.029), which was also higher among those with lower hsCRP levels (186.1 ± 14.1 vs. 167.8 ± 38.5 MET-hr/week, p = 0.013). Multivariate analysis showed that higher body mass index (ORs: 1.527, 95% CI: 1.319-1.768, p < 0.01) insulin (OR: 1.128, 95% CI: 1.045-1.218, p < 0.01) and physical activity (ORs: 0.997, 95% IC: 0.994-0.999, p < 0.05) were independent predictors of MetS, but not hsCRP level (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced physical activity was one major pathophysiological MetS factor in our Asian geriatric participants.

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