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1.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 276, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414236

RESUMO

We have studied the characteristics of frequency response at 850-nm GaAs high-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) with different kinds of oxide aperture sizes and cavity length using the PICS3D simulation program. Using 5-µm oxide aperture sizes, the frequency response behavior can be improved from 18.4 GHz and 15.5 GHz to 21.2 GHz and 19 GHz in a maximum of 3 dB at 25 °C and 85 °C, respectively. Numerical simulation results also suggest that the frequency response performances improved from 21.2 GHz and 19 GHz to 30.5 GHz and 24.5 GHz in a maximum of 3 dB at 25 °C and 85 °C due to the reduction of cavity length from 3λ/2 to λ/2. Consequently, the high-speed VCSEL devices were fabricated on a modified structure and exhibited 50-Gb/s data rate at 85 °C.

2.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 13(1): 411, 2018 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578467

RESUMO

High-brightness white-light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs) with excellent color quality is demonstrated by using nontoxic nanomaterials. Previously, we have reported the high color quality w-LEDs with heavy-metal phosphor and quantum dots (QDs), which may cause environmental hazards. In the present work, liquid-type white LEDs composed of nontoxic materials, named as graphene and porous silicon quantum dots are fabricated with a high color rendering index (CRI) value gain up to 95. The liquid-typed device structure possesses minimized surface temperature and 25% higher value of luminous efficiency as compare to dispensing-typed structure. Further, the as-prepared device is environment friendly and attributed to low toxicity. The low toxicity and high R9 (87) component values were conjectured to produce new or improve current methods toward bioimaging application.

3.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13648, 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30206269

RESUMO

Subwavelength focusing is crucial for many applications in photonics including super-resolution micro/nanoscopy, nanolithography, and optical trapping. However, most nanostructures exhibit poor ability to modulate focusing spot, which makes them hard to achieve ultra-small resolution. Here, we propose three kinds of plasmonic lens (PL) by utilizing different meta-aperture designs for efficient subwavelength focusing modulation. The shape of nanoaperture strongly influences the diffraction properties. Spatial modulation of focusing spot by employing a circular array of proposed nanoapertures is explored. The best focusing performance among these PLs is the design of T-shape nanoaperture, which has great resolution achieving ultra-small focusing spot of 0.14 λ2 and 0.20 λ2 (λ = 633 nm) for simulation and experiment respectively, better than lots of focusing devices especially by using linear polarization. Multiple-object trapping can be realized by using T-shape nanoaperture-based PL. Our designed PLs with different nanoapertures demonstrate the capability to broaden and integrate different functionalities for on-chip nanotechnologies development.

4.
Opt Express ; 26(25): 33215-33225, 2018 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645477

RESUMO

We demonstrate an elliptical gold nanodisk array (GNA) for engineering the spectral profile of surface lattice resonance (SLR). The nanodisk's shape has a great impact on SLR. Small linewidth of 20 nm at an aspect ratio of 1.17, as well as large wavelength tuning of 64 nm within 4% strain via different orientations and polarizations, are achieved experimentally. The enhanced wavelength response of 6.93 nm per 1% strain variation for elliptical GNA is 2.4 times better than that for general circular GNA. Furthermore, the strain sensing for elliptical GNA approaches is 5.7 times greater than that for circular GNA.

5.
ACS Nano ; 11(9): 8768-8776, 2017 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28753274

RESUMO

Integration of strain engineering of two-dimensional (2D) materials in order to enhance device performance is still a challenge. Here, we successfully demonstrated the thermally strained band gap engineering of transition-metal dichalcogenide bilayers by different thermal expansion coefficients between 2D materials and patterned sapphire structures, where MoS2 bilayers were chosen as the demonstrated materials. In particular, a blue shift in the band gap of the MoS2 bilayers can be tunable, displaying an extraordinary capability to drive electrons toward the electrode under the smaller driven bias, and the results were confirmed by simulation. A model to explain the thermal strain in the MoS2 bilayers during the synthesis was proposed, which enables us to precisely predict the band gap-shifted behaviors on patterned sapphire structures with different angles. Furthermore, photodetectors with enhancement of 286% and 897% based on the strained MoS2 on cone- and pyramid-patterned sapphire substrates were demonstrated, respectively.

6.
Opt Lett ; 42(12): 2267-2270, 2017 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28614328

RESUMO

We propose and demonstrate a tunable photonic crystal nanolaser consisting of 1D periodic nanorods wrapped in deformable polydimethylsiloxane. In addition to low-threshold and long-term lasing stability, the nanolaser also displays reproducible and reliable wavelength tuning with a large tunability of 7.7 nm under 1% compression. By further associating with stretching, a very wide wavelength-tunable range of 155 nm that almost spans the entire S+C+L telecommunication bands is successfully demonstrated with a single nanolaser device.

7.
Sci Rep ; 7: 42962, 2017 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28256529

RESUMO

In this research, nano-ring light-emitting diodes (NRLEDs) with different wall width (120 nm, 80 nm and 40 nm) were fabricated by specialized nano-sphere lithography technology. Through the thinned wall, the effective bandgaps of nano-ring LEDs can be precisely tuned by reducing the strain inside the active region. Photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved PL measurements indicated the lattice-mismatch induced strain inside the active region was relaxed when the wall width is reduced. Through the simulation, we can understand the strain distribution of active region inside NRLEDs. The simulation results not only revealed the exact distribution of strain but also predicted the trend of wavelength-shifted behavior of NRLEDs. Finally, the NRLEDs devices with four-color emission on the same wafer were demonstrated.

8.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 12(1): 208, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28330186

RESUMO

In this work, aiming at developing a rapid and environmental-friendly process for fabricating CuIn1-x Ga x Se2 (CIGS) solar cells, we demonstrated the one-step selenization process by using selenium vapor as the atmospheric gas instead of the commonly used H2Se gas. The photoluminescence (PL) characteristics indicate that there exists an optimal location with superior crystalline quality in the CIGS thin films obtained by one-step selenization. The energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) reveals that the Ga lateral distribution in the one-step selenized CIGS thin film is intimately correlated to the blue-shifted PL spectra. The surface morphologies examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM) further suggested that voids and binary phase commonly existing in CIGS films could be successfully eliminated by the present one-step selenization process. The agglomeration phenomenon attributable to the formation of MoSe2 layer was also observed. Due to the significant microstructural improvement, the current-voltage (J-V) characteristics and external quantum efficiency (EQE) of the devices made of the present CIGS films have exhibited the remarkable carrier transportation characteristics and photon utilization at the optimal location, resulting in a high conversion efficiency of 11.28%. Correlations between the defect states and device performance of the one-step selenized CIGS thin film were convincingly delineated by femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy.

9.
Opt Express ; 24(17): 19032-9, 2016 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27557183

RESUMO

This study presents an approach for patterning a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) phosphor film with a photonic crystal nano-honeycomb structure on a blue chip package. A phosphor film with a nano-honeycomb structure was patterned and transferred using a nanosphere and used for fabricating remote white light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs). The angular correlated color temperature deviation of the remote phosphor LED could be improved by varying nano-honeycomb structure pitches (450, 750, and 1150 nm). In particular, w-LED samples with excellent color uniformity (ΔCCT ranging from 940 to 440 K) were fabricated from 750-nm w-LED samples with nano-honeycomb-patterned tops.

10.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 11(1): 327, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27405466

RESUMO

We propose a novel mirror-image nanoepsilon (MINE) structure to achieve highly localized and enhanced near field at its gap and systematically investigate its plasmonic behaviors. The MINE can be regarded as a combination of two fundamental plasmonic nanostructures: a nanorod dimer and nanoring. By adapting a nanoring surrounding a nanorod dimer structure, the nanorod is regarded as a bridge pulling the charges from the nanoring to the nanorod, which induces stronger plasmon coupling in the gap to boost local near-field enhancement. Two resonance peaks are identified as the symmetric and anti-symmetric modes according to the symmetries of the charge distributions on the ring and rod dimer in the MINE. The symmetric mode in the MINE structure is preferred because its charge distribution leads to stronger near-field enhancement with a concentrated distribution around the gap. In addition, we investigate the influence of geometry on the optical properties of MINE structures by performing experiments and simulations. These results indicate that the MINE possesses highly tunable optical properties and that significant near-field enhancement at the gap region and rod tips can be realized by the gap and lightning-rod effects. The results improve understanding of such complex systems, and it is expected to guide and facilitate the design of optimum MINE structures for various plasmonic applications.

11.
Sci Rep ; 6: 23563, 2016 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27005829

RESUMO

In this study, a novel photoluminescent quantum dots device with laser-processed microscale patterns has been demonstrated to be used as a white light emitting source. The pulsed laser ablation technique was employed to directly fabricate microscale square holes with nano-ripple structures onto the sapphire substrate of a flip-chip blue light-emitting diode, confining sprayed quantum dots into well-defined areas and eliminating the coffee ring effect. The electroluminescence characterizations showed that the white light emission from the developed photoluminescent quantum-dot light-emitting diode exhibits stable emission at different driving currents. With a flexibility of controlling the quantum dots proportions in the patterned square holes, our developed white-light emitting source not only can be employed in the display applications with color triangle enlarged by 47% compared with the NTSC standard, but also provide the great potential in future lighting industry with the correlated color temperature continuously changed in a wide range.

12.
Opt Express ; 24(5): 5125-5135, 2016 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29092340

RESUMO

Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) is well known as transparent conducting material for electro-optical devices, but is rarely used as plasmonic material, particularly on the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) behavior of AZO nanostructure and its plasmonic devices. In this study, we systematically investigate the plasmonic behaviors of AZO thin films and patterned AZO nanostructures with various structural dimensions under different annealing treatments. We find that AZO film can possess highly-tunable, metal-like, and low-loss plasmonic property and the LSPR characteristic of AZO nanostructure is observed in the near-infrared (NIR) region under proper annealing conditions. Finally, environmental index sensing is performed to demonstrate the capability of AZO nanostructure for optical sensing application. High index sensitivity of 873 nm per refractive index unit (RIU) variation is obtained in experiment.

13.
Opt Express ; 23(24): 31150-62, 2015 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26698744

RESUMO

The combination of ZnO, InN, and GaN epitaxial layers is explored to provide long wavelength photodetection capability in the GaN based materials. Growth temperature optimization was performed to obtain the best quality of InN epitaxial layer in the MOCVD system. The temperature dependent photoluminescence (PL) can provide the information about thermal quenching in the InN PL transitions and at least two non-radiative processes can be observed. X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive spectroscopy are applied to confirm the inclusion of indium and the formation of InN layer. The band alignment of such system shows a typical double heterojunction, which is preferred in optoelectronic device operation. The photodetector manufactured by this ZnO/GaN/InN layer can exhibit extended long-wavelength quantum efficiency, as high as 3.55%, and very strong photocurrent response under solar simulator illumination.

14.
Opt Express ; 23(24): A1434-41, 2015 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26698792

RESUMO

This work demonstrates the enhanced power conversion efficiency (PCE) in InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well (MQWs) solar cells with gradually decreasing indium composition in quantum wells (GQWs) toward p-GaN as absorber. The GQW can improve the fill factor from 42% to 62% and enhance the short current density from 0.8 mA/cm2 to 0.92 mA/cm2, as compares to the typical MQW solar cells. As a result, the PCE is boosted from 0.63% to 1.11% under AM1.5G illumination. Based on simulation and experimental results, the enhanced PCE can be attributed to the improved carrier collection in GQW caused by the reduction of potential barriers and piezoelectric polarization induced fields near the p-GaN layer. The presented concept paves a way toward highly efficient InGaN-based solar cells and other GaN-related MQW devices.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26236383

RESUMO

Bioceramic is a kind of material which emits nonionizing radiation and luminescence, induced by visible light. Bioceramic also facilitates the breakup of large clusters of water molecules by weakening hydrogen bonds. Hydrogen bond weakening, which allows water molecules to act in diverse ways under different conditions, is one of the key mechanisms underlying the effects of Bioceramic on biophysical and physical-chemical processes. Herein, we used sound to amplify the effect of Bioceramic and further developed an experimental device for use in humans. Thirteen patients who suffered from various chronic and acute illnesses that severely affected their sleep patterns and life quality were enrolled in a trial of Bioceramic resonance (i.e., rhythmic 100-dB sound waves with frequency set at 10 Hz) applied to the skin surface of the anterior chest. According to preliminary data, a "Propagated Sensation along Meridians" (PSM) was experienced in all Bioceramic resonance-treated patients but not in any of the nine control patients. The device was believed to enhance microcirculation through a series of biomolecular and physiological processes and to subject the specific meridian channels of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) to coherent vibration. This noninvasive technique may offer an alternative to needle acupuncture and other traditional medical practices with clinical benefits.

16.
Opt Express ; 23(7): A204-10, 2015 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25968786

RESUMO

The hybrid white light-emitting didoes (LED) with polyfluoren (PFO) polymer and quantum dot (QD) was investigated using dispensing method at the different correlated color temperature (CCT) for cool and warm color temperature. This result indicates that the hybrid white LED device has the higher luminous efficiency than the convention one, which could be attributed to the increased utilization rate of the UV light. Furthermore, the CIE 1931 coordinate of high quality white hybrid LED with different CCT range from 3000K to 9000K is demonstrated. Consequently, the angular-dependent CCT and the thermal issue of the hybrid white LED device were also analyzed in this study.

17.
Opt Express ; 23(3): A27-33, 2015 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25836249

RESUMO

This study demonstrates the application of DBR structure into the remote phosphor structure to improve the angular correlated color temperature (CCT) deviation in white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs). In the experiment, the LED device with DBR structure yielded a higher luminous efficiency than a conventional structure. The CCT deviation can be improved from 1758K to 280K in a range of -70 to 70 degree and the luminous flux increases more than 10% due to the enhancement of the light extraction of the blue light. Moreover, the reflectance of the different DBR structures is analyzed with different angles to reveal the reasons of such improvements. As the result, this LED device with DBR structure shows the great potential to use as the next generation lighting source.

19.
Lab Chip ; 14(24): 4647-52, 2014 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25288366

RESUMO

We propose and demonstrate a trapping configuration integrating coupled waveguides and gold bowtie structures to form near-field plasmonic tweezers. Compared with excitation from the top, waves coupled through the waveguide can excite specific bowties on the waveguide and trap particles precisely. Thus this scheme is more efficient and compact, and will assist the circuit design on a chip. With lightning rod and gap effects, the gold bowtie structures can generate highly concentrated resonant fields and induce trapping forces as strong as 652 pN W(-1) on particles with diameters as small as 20 nm. This trapping capability is investigated numerically and verified experimentally with observations of the transport, trapping, and release of particles in the system.

20.
Opt Express ; 22(6): 6791-800, 2014 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24664027

RESUMO

For manipulating nanometric particles, we propose a photonic crystal waveguide cavity design with a waist structure to enhance resonance characteristic of the cavity. For trapping a polystyrene particle of 50 nm radius on the lateral side of the waist, the optical force can reach 2308 pN/W with 24.7% signal transmission. Threshold power of only 0.32 mW is required for stable trapping. The total length of the device is relatively short with only ten photonic crystal periods, and the trapping can occur precisely and only at the waist. The designed cavity can also provide particle detection and surrounding medium sensing using the transmission spectrum with narrow linewidth. The simulated figure of merit of 110.6 is relatively high compared with those obtained from most plasmonic structures for sensing application. We anticipate this design with features of compact, efficient, and versatile in functionality will be beneficial for developing lab-on-chip in the future.

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