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1.
J Korean Med Sci ; 36(2): e7, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A rapid response system (RRS) contributes to the safety of hospitalized patients. Clinical deterioration may occur in the general ward (GW) or in non-GW locations such as radiology or dialysis units. However, there are few studies regarding RRS activation in non-GW locations. This study aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with RRS activation in non-GW locations and in the GW. METHODS: From January 2016 to December 2017, all patients requiring RRS activation in nine South Korean hospitals were retrospectively enrolled and classified according to RRS activation location: GW vs non-GW RRS activations. RESULTS: In total, 12,793 patients were enrolled; 222 (1.7%) were non-GW RRS activations. There were more instances of shock (11.6% vs. 18.5%) and cardiac arrest (2.7% vs. 22.5%) in non-GW RRS activation patients. These patients also had a lower oxygen saturation (92.6% ± 8.6% vs. 88.7% ± 14.3%, P < 0.001) and a higher National Early Warning Score 2 (7.5 ± 3.4 vs. 8.9 ± 3.8, P < 0.001) than GW RRS activation patients. Although non-GW RRS activation patients received more intubation (odds ratio [OR], 3.135; P < 0.001), advanced cardiovascular life support (OR, 3.912; P < 0.001), and intensive care unit transfer (OR, 2.502; P < 0.001), their hospital mortality (hazard ratio, 0.630; P = 0.013) was lower than GW RRS activation patients upon multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Considering that there were more critically ill but recoverable cases in non-GW locations, active RRS involvement should be required in such locations.

2.
J Interpers Violence ; : 886260520986271, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448248

RESUMO

This study examined the relationships between acculturative stress, intimate partner violence (IPV), and life satisfaction of immigrant Vietnamese wives. A total of 288 immigrant Vietnamese women who were married to Korean men and were living in South Korea participated in the survey. As expected, the results indicated that acculturative stress was negatively related to life satisfaction. Moreover, IPV significantly moderated the relationship between acculturative stress and life satisfaction. The moderating role of IPV is evident when the acculturative stress is low.

3.
Korean J Radiol ; 22(1): 63-71, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the CT findings associated with treatment failure after antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Altogether, 198 patients who received antibiotic therapy for appendicitis were identified by searching the hospital's surgery database. Selection criteria for antibiotic therapy were uncomplicated appendicitis with an appendiceal diameter equal to or less than 11 mm. The 86 patients included in the study were divided into a treatment success group and a treatment failure group. Treatment failure was defined as a resistance to antibiotic therapy or recurrent appendicitis during a 1-year follow-up period. Two radiologists independently evaluated the following CT findings: appendix-location, involved extent, maximal diameter, thickness, wall enhancement, focal wall defect, periappendiceal fat infiltration, and so on. For the quantitative analysis, two readers independently measured the CT values at the least attenuated wall of the appendix by drawing a round region of interest on the enhanced CT (HUpost) and non-enhanced CT (HUpre). The degree of appendiceal wall enhancement (HUsub) was calculated as the subtracted value between HUpost and HUpre. A logistic regression analysis was used to identify the CT findings associated with treatment failure. RESULTS: Sixty-four of 86 (74.4%) patients were successfully treated with antibiotic therapy, with treatment failure occurring in the remaining 22 (25.5%). The treatment failure group showed a higher frequency of hypoenhancement of the appendiceal wall than the success group (31.8% vs. 7.8%; p = 0.005). Upon quantitative analysis, both HUpost (46.7 ± 21.3 HU vs. 58.9 ± 22.0 HU; p = 0.027) and HUsub (26.9 ± 17.3 HU vs. 35.4 ± 16.6 HU; p = 0.042) values were significantly lower in the treatment failure group than in the success group. CONCLUSION: Hypoenhancement of the appendiceal wall was significantly associated with treatment failure after antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis.

4.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 259(1): 173-180, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32743774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the lacrimal drainage system (LDS) from the punctum to the inferior meatus and the clinical outcomes of transcanalicular endoscopic dacryoplasty and silicone intubation through dacryoendoscopy in patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 203 cases from 156 patients who underwent dacryoendoscopy (FT-203F; Fibertech Co., Tokyo, Japan) and sheath-guided silicone intubation for PANDO from December 2014 to March 2018. Clinical characteristics, tear meniscus height, irrigation test, dacryocystographic findings, and dacryoendoscopic findings related to clinical factors and surgical outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 44 males and 119 females (mean age, 60.4 ± 13.6 years). The mean epiphora duration was 3.8 ± 4.8 years. Dacryoendoscopic findings revealed that the following factors were associated with LDS obstruction (% cases): mucus, 39.9%; fibrotic membrane, 19.2%; stones, 9.4%; granulation, 8.9%; and stenosis, 2.7%. The locations of obstruction were as follows (% cases): nasolacrimal duct, 35.7%; canaliculus, 33.0%; sac, 27.6%; and inferior meatus, 3.5%. The types of LDS obstruction were classified into two groups: secretory group (n = 118) that included mucus, stones, and granulation, and structural group (n = 85) associated with the membrane and stenosis; the pattern of them was divided into focal (n = 134) and diffuse (n = 76). The overall success rate was 86.2%. The success rate of the structural group (95.3%) was significantly higher than that of the secretory group (79.7%) (p = 0.001). All membranous obstruction cases at the inferior meatus were treated successfully, regardless of the irrigation test results. The success rate of the focal group (93.1%) was significantly higher than that of the diffuse group (74.0%) (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Dacryoendoscopic findings were informative regarding the clinical factors leading to LDS in PANDO patients. Mucus and stones in the lacrimal sac were common findings of functional lacrimal duct obstruction. Membranous obstruction and stenosis could be managed by recanalization under direct visualization. Transcanalicular endoscopic dacryoplasty and silicone intubation is considered to be a safe and effective procedure, sparing the patient from bony destruction in selected cases of PANDO.

5.
Psychiatry Investig ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) has been established as a treatment modality for patients with treatment-resistant depression and with some specific subtypes of depression. This narrative review intends to provide psychiatrists with the latest findings on the use of ECT in depression, devided into total eight sub-topics. METHODS: We searched PubMed for English-language articles using combined keywords and tried to analyze journals published from 1995-2020. RESULTS: Pharmacotherapy such as antidepressants or maintenance ECT is more effective than a placebo as prevention of recurrence after ECT. The use of ECT in treatment-resistant depression, depressed patients with suicidal risks, elderly depression, bipolar depression, psychotic depression, and depression during pregnancy or postpartum have therapeutic benefits. As possible mechanisms of ECT, the role of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and other findings in the field of neurophysiology, neuro-immunology, and neurogenesis are also supported. CONCLUSION: ECT is evolving toward reducing cognitive side effects and maximizing therapeutic effects. If robust evidence for ECT through randomized controlled studies are more established and the mechanism of ECT gets further clarified, the scope of its use in the treatment of depression will be more expanded in the future.

6.
Ann Hematol ; 100(1): 189-196, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205337

RESUMO

Given the unsatisfactory survival in patients who received high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs), we conducted a prospective trial of busulfan (Bu), etoposide (E), cytarabine (A), and melphalan (M) (BuEAM), including IV Bu instead of carmustine (BCNU) as in standard BEAM, as a high-dose regimen in such patients. This study evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of BuEAM as a high-dose regimen for ASCT in patients with T-cell lymphomas. The high-dose chemotherapy at seven centers in Korea included Bu (3.2 mg/kg IV qd from day 6 to day 5), E (200 mg/m2 IV bid on day 4 and day 3), A (1 g/m2 IV qd on day 4 and day 3), and M (140 mg/m2 IV qd on day 2). Eighty-one patients were enrolled in this study. The main subtypes were peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not other specified (n = 32, 39.5%), NK/T-cell lymphoma (n = 22, 27.5%), and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (n = 12, 14.8%). Upfront and salvage ASCTs were performed in 65 (80.2%) and 16 (19.8%) patients, respectively. The disease status of the patients before ASCT was 54 patients (66.7%) with complete response and 27 patients (33.3%) with partial response. The common grade-III toxicities were anorexia (8.6%), diarrhea (7.4%), and stomatitis (4.9%). No veno-occlusive disorder was noted. Fifty-six (69.1%) and seven (8.6%) patients achieved complete and partial response, respectively, after ASCT, although 17 patients (21.0%) showed progressive disease. At a median follow-up duration of 49.3 months, the estimated 3-year progression-free survival and overall survival were 55.2% and 68.2% in all patients. The BuEAM high-dose regimen for ASCT was well tolerated and seemed to be effective in patients with T-cell lymphomas.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Int J Pharm ; 592: 120039, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152479

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to compare two types of emulsification techniques in a solid self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS); high-pressure homogenisation (HPH) and Shirasu porous glass membrane (SPG). Those two emulsification processes enhanced the solubility, dissolution and oral bioavailability of poorly water-soluble sildenafil base (SB) by producing fine and well-dispersed nanoemulsion droplet. The liquid SNEDDS consisting of Labrasol/Transcutol HP/coconut oil at the weight of 72/18/10, gave the smallest emulsion droplet size among the prepared liquid SNEDDS formulations. Then, the SB-loaded liquid SNEDDS was dissolved in the deionised water and applied to HPH or SPG techniques. Aerosil 200 was suspended as a mesoporous carrier and spray-dried, producing an SB-loaded solid SNEDDS. The emulsion droplet size, solubility and dissolution of each emulsification process were compared to the solid SNEDDS fabricated without any treatment of additional emulsification. Moreover, the physicochemical properties of all formulations were compared. The crystalline state of the drug in all products was converted to the amorphous state. The solid SNEDDS, subjected to HPH technique, provided fine and well-dispersed nanoemulsion. Additionally, it increasingly improved the drug solubility and dissolution as compared to the others, including SB powder, non-treated (NT) and SPG. Furthermore, it gave improved Cmax and increased AUC compared to SB powder and SPG, indicating HPH enhanced the oral bioavailability of SB the most. Thus, this solid SNEDDS with HPH would be strongly suggested as an oral SB-loaded pharmaceutical product.

8.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(46): e413, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Korean Society of Thoracic Radiology (KSTR) recently constructed a nation-wide coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) database and imaging repository, referred to the Korean imaging cohort of COVID-19 (KICC-19) based on the collaborative efforts of its members. The purpose of this study was to provide a summary of the clinico-epidemiological data and imaging data of the KICC-19. METHODS: The KSTR members at 17 COVID-19 referral centers retrospectively collected imaging data and clinical information of consecutive patients with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction-proven COVID-19 in respiratory specimens from February 2020 through May 2020 who underwent diagnostic chest computed tomography (CT) or radiograph in each participating hospital. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 239 men and 283 women (mean age, 52.3 years; age range, 11-97 years). Of the 522 subjects, 201 (38.5%) had an underlying disease. The most common symptoms were fever (n = 292) and cough (n = 245). The 151 patients (28.9%) had lymphocytopenia, 86 had (16.5%) thrombocytopenia, and 227 patients (43.5%) had an elevated CRP at admission. The 121 (23.4%) needed nasal oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation (n = 38; 7.3%), and 49 patients (9.4%) were admitted to an intensive care unit. Although most patients had cured, 21 patients (4.0%) died. The 465 (89.1%) subjects underwent a low to standard-dose chest CT scan at least once during hospitalization, resulting in a total of 658 CT scans. The 497 subjects (95.2%) underwent chest radiography at least once during hospitalization, which resulted in a total of 1,475 chest radiographs. CONCLUSION: The KICC-19 was successfully established and comprised of 658 CT scans and 1,475 chest radiographs of 522 hospitalized Korean COVID-19 patients. The KICC-19 will provide a more comprehensive understanding of the clinical, epidemiological, and radiologic characteristics of patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Regen Med ; 15(10): 2163-2179, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315474

RESUMO

Aim: To assess the safety and feasibility of subtenon transplantation of human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPMSCs) in Asian patients with traumatic optic neuropathy. Materials & methods: The survival of retinal ganglion cells in the rat retina was evaluated by monitoring the expression of Tuj1 and Gfap after optic nerve compression. Based on the preclinical data, we conducted a Phase I, open label, single center, nonrandomized clinical trial in four Asian traumatic optic neuropathy patients. The safety and ophthalmologic changes were evaluated. Results: The levels of Tuj1 and Gfap expression were significantly increased in the hPMSC treatment group compared with the sham group, suggesting a protective effect of hPMSCs on the optic nerve and retinal ganglion cells. There was no evidence of adverse proliferation, tumorigenicity, severe inflammation or other serious issues during the 12-month follow-up period. Visual acuity improved in all four patients. Conclusion: The results suggested that hPMSCs are safe and have potential utility in regenerative medicine. Clinical trial registration number: 20150196587 (Korean FDA), 2015-07-123-054 (IRB).

10.
Psychiatry Investig ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a huge nationwide problem that incurs a lot of socio-economic costs. Suicide also inflicts severe distress on the people left behind. The government of the Republic of Korea has been making many policy efforts to reduce suicide rate. The gatekeeper program, 'Suicide CARE', is one of the meaningful modalities for preventing suicide. METHODS: Multidisciplinary research team collaborated to update the 'Suicide CARE' to version 2.0. RESULTS: In the 'Introductory part', the authors have the time to think about the necessity and significance of the program before conducting full-scale gatekeeper training. In the 'Careful observation' part, trainees learn how to understand and recognize the various linguistic, behavioral, and situational signals that a person shows before committing suicide. In the 'Active listening' part, trainees learn how to ask suicide with a value-neutral attitude as well listening empathetically. In the 'Risk evaluation and Expert referral' part, trainees learn intervening strategies to identify a person's suicidal intention, plan, and past suicide attempts, and connect the person to appropriate institutes or services. CONCLUSION: Subsequent studies should be conducted to verify the efficacy of the gatekeeper program.

11.
Acute Crit Care ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176403

RESUMO

Background: Before the main trial in which respiratory polygraphy will be used to evaluate postextubation sleep apnea in critically ill patients, we performed a prospective pilot study to ensure that any issues with the conduct of the trial would be identified. Methods: In the present study, 13 adult patients who had received mechanical ventilation for ≥24 hours were prospectively recruited. Among the patients, 10 successfully completed respiratory polygraphy on the first or second night after extubation. Data regarding the types and doses of corticosteroids, analgesics, sedatives, and muscle relaxants as well as the methods of oxygen delivery were recorded. Results: During the night of respiratory polygraphy, all 10 patients received supplemental oxygen (low-flow oxygen, n=5; high-flow oxygen, n=5), and seven patients received intravenous corticosteroids. Three of the 10 patients had a respiratory event index (REI) ≥5/hr. All respiratory events were obstructive episodes. None of the patients receiving high-flow oxygen therapy had an REI ≥5/hr. Two of the seven patients who received corticosteroids and one of the other three patients who did not receive this medication had an REI ≥ 5/hr. Although low- or high-flow oxygen therapy was provided, all patients had episodes of oxygen saturation (SpO2) <90%. Two of the three patients with an REI ≥5/hr underwent in-laboratory polysomnography. The patients' Apnea-Hypopnea Index and REI obtained via polysomnography and respiratory polygraphy, respectively, were similar. Conclusion: In a future trial to evaluate postextubation sleep apnea in critically ill patients, pre-stratification based on the use of corticosteroids and high-flow oxygen therapy should be considered.

12.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229994

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to introduce simple, minimally invasive, more effective, and more comfortable method using a customized balloon with contrast agent for orbital floor fracture. The customized balloon was fabricated to compensate for its shortcomings, based on the experiences from four patients who underwent the surgery of orbital floor fracture using a Foley catheter.In a 33-year-old female patient with only orbital floor fracture, the reduction was performed using a transmaxillary approach with a customized balloon. The customized balloon was made using latex glove and 6 French gavage tube, and the contrast agent was injected within the balloon. A micro saw was used to form a window on the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus. Compared to the round bur, a micro saw can create an internal bevel along with minimal bone removal, which makes it possible to insert the bone fragment tightly without falling into the maxillary sinus when the fragment is repositioned. The use of contrast agent makes it more visible to determine the position of the balloon instantly during surgery by take portable radiograph. The balloon has removed after 3 weeks and no diplopia or no enophthalmos was observed. There remained very small defect on the anterior sinus wall about the size of gavage tube.The transmaxillary approach, along with a conjunctival or subciliary approach, can be a good choice for the treatment of orbital fractures. Compared to the conventional Foley catheter, the application of a customized balloon and contrast agent supports the entire orbital floor evenly and wide, and fills the maxillary sinus without an empty space. It is easy to check the location of the balloon through x-ray photography during surgery, and has a very little discomfort for the patient.

13.
Korean J Radiol ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236542

RESUMO

Percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) is one of the essential diagnostic procedures for pulmonary lesions. Its role is increasing in the era of CT screening for lung cancer and precision medicine. The Korean Society of Thoracic Radiology developed the first evidence-based clinical guideline for PTNB in Korea by adapting pre-existing guidelines. The guideline provides 39 recommendations for the following four main domains of 12 key questions: the indications for PTNB, pre-procedural evaluation, procedural technique of PTNB and its accuracy, and management of post-biopsy complications. We hope that these recommendations can improve the diagnostic accuracy and safety of PTNB in clinical practice and promote standardization of the procedure nationwide.

14.
Yeungnam Univ J Med ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171575

RESUMO

Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a self-limiting lymphadenitis. It is a benign disease mainly characterized by high fever, lymph node swelling, and leukopenia. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease with clinical symptoms similar to those of KFD, but it requires a significantly more aggressive treatment. A 19-year-old Korean male patient was hospitalized for fever and cervical lymphadenopathy. Variable-sized lymph node enlargements with slightly necrotic lesions were detected on computed tomography. Biopsy specimen from a cervical lymph node showed necrotizing lymphadenitis with HLH. Bone marrow aspiration showed hemophagocytic histiocytosis. The clinical symptoms and the results of the laboratory test and bone marrow aspiration met the diagnostic criteria for HLH. The patient was diagnosed with macrophage activation syndrome-HLH, a secondary HLH associated with KFD. He was treated with dexamethasone (10 mg/m2/day) without immunosuppressive therapy or etoposide-based chemotherapy. The fever disappeared within a day, and other symptoms such as lymphadenopathy, ascites, and pleural effusion improved. Dexamethasone was reduced from day 2 of hospitalization and was tapered over 8 weeks. The patient was discharged on day 6 with continuation of dexamethasone. The patient had no recurrence at the 18-month follow-up.

15.
Korean J Radiol ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of content-based image retrieval (CBIR) of chest CT for diffuse interstitial lung disease (DILD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The database was comprised by 246 pairs of chest CTs (initial and follow-up CTs within two years) from 246 patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP, n = 100), nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP, n = 101), and cryptogenic organic pneumonia (COP, n = 45). Sixty cases (30-UIP, 20-NSIP, and 10-COP) were selected as the queries. The CBIR retrieved five similar CTs as a query from the database by comparing six image patterns (honeycombing, reticular opacity, emphysema, ground-glass opacity, consolidation and normal lung) of DILD, which were automatically quantified and classified by a convolutional neural network. We assessed the rates of retrieving the same pairs of query CTs, and the number of CTs with the same disease class as query CTs in top 1-5 retrievals. Chest radiologists evaluated the similarity between retrieved CTs and queries using a 5-scale grading system (5-almost identical; 4-same disease; 3-likelihood of same disease is half; 2-likely different; and 1-different disease). RESULTS: The rate of retrieving the same pairs of query CTs in top 1 retrieval was 61.7% (37/60) and in top 1-5 retrievals was 81.7% (49/60). The CBIR retrieved the same pairs of query CTs more in UIP compared to NSIP and COP (p = 0.008 and 0.002). On average, it retrieved 4.17 of five similar CTs from the same disease class. Radiologists rated 71.3% to 73.0% of the retrieved CTs with a similarity score of 4 or 5. CONCLUSION: The proposed CBIR system showed good performance for retrieving chest CTs showing similar patterns for DILD.

16.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Greater advancement of the maxilla can be achieved with skeletal-anchored facemasks (SAFM) using miniplates than with conventional tooth-borne facemasks (TBFM). The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of TBFM and SAFM on midfacial soft tissue and nasal bone up to two years after treatment. SETTINGS AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Sixty-seven growing patients with Class III malocclusions were treated with facemasks. They were divided into a SAFM group with 31 subjects (average age 11.1 years) and a TBFM group with 36 subjects (average age 11.0 years). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cephalometric analysis was conducted using linear and angular midfacial measurements. Lateral cephalograms were taken initially (T0), after treatment (T1) and at two years post-treatment (T2). Significance was assessed between the two groups. RESULTS: Comparing changes in the midfacial area between the SAFM and TBFM groups during the traction period (T0-T1), angular measurements such as SNOr (1.34°), nasolabial angle (4.20°), nasal angles 1 and 2 (1.23°, 2.14°) and linear measurements such as Prn, Sn, A' distance (approximately 2 mm) increased significantly more in the SAFM group. Over the entire treatment period (T0-T2), the changes in SNOr (1.33°), nasolabial angle (6.54°), nasal angles 1 and 2 (1.45°, 2.99°) and Prn, Sn, A' distance (approximately 2 mm) remained significant (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: In the treatment of growing patients with Class III malocclusions with maxillary deficiency, it was possible to achieve significantly greater advancement in the midfacial area with SAFM treatment than with TBFM treatment. This significant difference was well maintained at two years post-treatment.

17.
Biofabrication ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086206

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D)-printed scaffolds have proved to be effective tools for delivering growth factors and cells in bone-tissue engineering. However, delivering spheroids that enhance cellular function remains challenging because the spheroids tend to suffer from low viability, which limits bone regenerationin vivo. Here, we describe a 3D-printed polycaprolactone micro-chamber that can deliver human adipose-derived stem cell spheroids. Anin vitroculture of cells from spheroids in the micro-chamber exhibited greater viability and proliferation compared with cells cultured without the chamber. We coated the surface of the chamber with 500 ng of platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF), and immobilized 50 ng of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) on fragmented fibers, which were incorporated within the spheroids as a new platform for a dual-growth-factor delivery system. The PDGF detached from the chamber within 8 h and the remains were retained on the surface of chamber while the BMP-2 was entrapped by the spheroid. In vitro osteogenic differentiation of the cells from the spheroids in the micro-chamber with dual growth factors enhanced alkaline phosphatase and collagen type 1A expression by factors of 126.7 ± 19.6 and 89.7 ± 0.3, respectively, compared with expression in a micro-chamber with no growth factors. In vivo transplantation of the chambers with dual growth factors into mouse calvarial defects resulted in a 77.0 ± 15.9% of regenerated bone area, while the chamber without growth factors and a defect-only group achieved 7.6 ± 3.9% and 5.0 ± 1.9% of regenerated bone areas, respectively. These findings indicate that a spheroid-loaded micro-chamber supplied with dual growth factors can serve as an effective protein-delivery platform that increases stem-cell functioning and bone regeneration.

18.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: An index combining respiratory rate and oxygenation (ROX) has been introduced, and the ROX index is defined as the ratio of oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry/fraction of inspired oxygen to respiratory rate. In sepsis, hypoxemia and tachypnea are commonly observed. We performed this study to investigate the association between the ROX index and 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis or septic shock. METHODS: This retrospective study included 2862 patients. The patients were divided into three groups according to the ROX index: Group I (ROX index >20), Group II (ROX index >10 and ≤ 20), and Group III (ROX index ≤10). RESULTS: The median ROX index was significantly lower in the nonsurvivors than in the survivors (12.8 and 18.2, respectively) (p < 0.001). The 28-day mortality rates in Groups I, II and III were 14.5%, 21.3% and 34.4%, respectively (p < 0.001). In the multivariable Cox regression analysis, Group III had an approximately 40% higher risk of death than Group I during the 28-day period (hazard ratio = 1.41, 95% confidence interval 1.13-1.76). The area under the curve of the ROX index was significantly higher than that of the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The ROX index was lower in nonsurvivors than in survivors, and a ROX index less than or equal to 10 was an independent prognostic factor for 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis or septic shock. Therefore, the ROX index could be used as a prognostic marker in sepsis.

19.
Asian Spine J ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059437

RESUMO

Study Design: A cross-sectional study. Purpose: To examine the influence of restrictive pulmonary dysfunction on osteoporotic thoracic vertebral fractures. Overview of Literature: Osteoporotic thoracic vertebral fractures generally result in an increased kyphotic angle, which in turn may lead to pulmonary function impairment. Impaired pulmonary function could be associated with vertebral fractures. However, an association between osteoporotic thoracic vertebral fractures and pulmonary function remains controversial. Methods: A total of 96 patients were enrolled in this study, 30 of whom had osteoporotic thoracic vertebral fractures (group 1), 30 with chronic back pain (group 2), and 36 with chronic pulmonary diseases (group 3). Radiologic study of prevalent vertebral fractures, thoracic kyphotic angle, bone mineral density, relaxed expiratory vital capacity, forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) in spirometry was investigated. Results: The mean FVC and FEV1 were 75.66%±20.23% and 79.93%±22.48%, respectively, in group 1; 84.50%±16.25% and 91.87%±21.65%, respectively, in group 2; and 91.64%±17.53% and 91.03%±23.71%, respectively, in group 3. Group 1 (patients with osteoporotic thoracic vertebral fracture) had the lowest FVC among the three groups (p=0.01). Group 1 revealed worse result of pulmonary dysfunction than group 3 (patients with chronic pulmonary diseases) (p=0.01). The average kyphosis angle of the thoracic spine was 26.95°±15.17°, 36.47°±20.08°, and 28.58°±10.58° in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. There was a negative correlation between thoracic kyphosis and FEV1 (r=-0.309, p=0.01). Conclusions: The results suggest that osteoporotic thoracic vertebral fracture burden could be affected by restrictive pulmonary dysfunction.

20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 18260, 2020 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106517

RESUMO

No studies on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have investigated the prognostic impact of extrapulmonary cancers in patients with IPF. We aimed to determine the prognostic impact of malignancies in patients with IPF. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed with IPF between 2001 and 2015. Patients were divided into three groups: IPF without cancer (n = 440), IPF with lung cancer (n = 69), and IPF with extrapulmonary cancer (n = 70). Of the 579 patients with IPF, 139 (24%) had cancer; the three most common types were lung (11.9%), gastric (2.4%), and colorectal (1.9%). Survival was significantly worse in patients with lung cancer than in those without cancer (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.83, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-2.48) or those with extrapulmonary cancer (HR = 1.70, 95% CI, 1.14-2.54). The rate of hospitalisation for cancer-related complications was significantly higher in IPF patients with lung cancer than in those with extrapulmonary cancer. The annual rates of decline in percent predicted forced vital capacity and diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide did not differ among the groups. Physicians should pay attention to the development and progression of cancer and its prognostic impact in patients with IPF.

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