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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963654

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke, and early interventional treatment is associated with favorable outcomes. In the guidelines, thrombolytic therapy using recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is recommended for eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke. However, the risk of hemorrhagic complications limits the use of rt-PA, and the risk factors for poor treatment outcomes need to be identified. To identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital poor outcomes in patients treated with rt-PA, we analyzed the electronic medical records of patients who were diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke and treated for rt-PA at Chang Gung Memorial Hospitals from 2006 to 2016. In-hospital death, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, or prolonged hospitalization were defined as unfavorable treatment outcomes. Medical history variables and laboratory test results were considered variables of interest to determine risk factors. Among 643 eligible patients, 537 (83.5%) and 106 (16.5%) patients had favorable and poor outcomes, respectively. In the multivariable analysis, risk factors associated with poor outcomes were female gender, higher stroke severity index (SSI), higher serum glucose levels, lower mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), lower platelet counts, and anemia. The risk factors found in this research could help us study the treatment strategy for ischemic stroke.

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