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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733859

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an important public health issue worldwide. T2DM correlates with cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness is also a key factor that can be thought of as a surrogate marker. Nevertheless, it was unclear which harmonic indexes of blood pressure waveforms (BPWs) from subjects' radial artery pulses would be affected by T2DM. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether and how harmonic indexes can be used to discriminate hemodynamic differences between patients with T2DM and non-T2DM. This helps us to build objective results no matter who conducts the examination instead of pulse diagnosis in traditional way. We enrolled T2DM and non-T2DM patients as experimental and control groups, respectively, from the Department of Family Medicine in the National Taiwan University Hospital and the Department of Internal Medicine in Taipei's Veterans General Hospital from December 2017 to January 2019. ANSWatch® Model TS-0411 was used to capture the BPWs. Amplitude proportions (Cn values) were calculated from harmonics 1-10 of the BPW using fast Fourier transform. Thirty-two T2DM and 15 non-T2DM patients were enrolled. T2DM patients had significant differences in C1 (p = 0.031) and C5 (p = 0.041). The study suggests that analyzing the harmonic characteristics of non-invasively measured BPW of radial artery may be a potential and easy-to-perform approach to discriminate T2DM-induced hemodynamic changes.

2.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 198: 111560, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336216

RESUMO

Previous studies revealed significant impact on cancer cell by mid-infrared (MIR) radiation. However, the effects of narrow band MIR on immune reaction and infectious disease are still unknown. In this study, an enhanced innate immune response was observed through the interaction between Leptospiral outer membrane protein (LipL32) and toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2). Thereafter, human kidney proximal tubular cells (HK-2 cells) initiated a serial reaction of enhanced MCP-1 production. The 6 µm narrow bandwidth light source emitted by waveguide thermal emitter (WTE) was applied to induce carbonyl group (CO bond) stretching vibration during the stage of antigen-receptor complex formation. The amount of MCP-1 gene expression had 2.5 folds increase after narrow band MIR illumination comparing to non-MIR illumination at low dose LipL32 condition. Besides, both ELISA and confocal microscopy results also revealed that the chemokine concentration increased significantly after narrow band MIR illumination either at low or high concentration of LipL32. Furthermore, a specific phenomenon that narrow band MIR can amplify the signal of weak immune response by enhancing sensitivity of the interaction between antigen and receptor was observed. This study exhibits clear evidence that the narrow band MIR exposure can modulate the early immune response of infectious disease and play a potential role to develop host-directed therapy in the future.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/farmacologia , Raios Infravermelhos , Lipoproteínas/farmacologia , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Túbulos Renais Proximais/citologia , Túbulos Renais Proximais/efeitos dos fármacos , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Leptospira/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas/imunologia
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(29): 24733-24738, 2018 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969003

RESUMO

We demonstrated the top-gate transistors composed of monolayer MoS2 grown on three-layer alloys Mo xW1- xS2 prepared by sequential sulfurization of predeposited transition metal films. The elemental mapping of the alloy indicates a uniform distribution of both cations Mo and W in the grown samples. Surprisingly, we find that the drain current of transistors could be enhanced by 2 orders of magnitude as the composition of Mo increases, whereas the gate-controlled current modulation turns bipolar and ultimately vanishes. These features might originate from the formation of in-gap defect states, with modest activation energy for transport and moderate hopping probability for current conduction, or a reduced electronic band gap of the conducting channel because of strain.

4.
Lab Chip ; 18(16): 2453-2465, 2018 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30019734

RESUMO

Non-planar microstructure-based tissue culture devices have emerged as powerful tools to mimic in vivo physiological microenvironments in a wide range of medical applications. Here we report a spontaneous aqueous molding approach - inspired by Stenocara gracilipes beetles - to rapidly fabricate non-planar microstructure devices for facilitating tissue-based bioassays. The device fabrication is determined from the self-assembled liquid morphology, which is induced by condensation or guided by surface tension. Through experiments and modeling, we reveal that the molding mainly comprises two typical circular and striped domains, highlighting versatile applications for bioengineering. In addition, the molding characteristic is dependent on the geometry of the patterned wetting surfaces, the working volume of the liquid, and the interaction between the liquid and the substrate. The theoretical model, based on the geometry of the patterned liquid, is highly consistent with experimental data. We also demonstrate that our approach can facilitate the culturing of tumor spheroids incorporated with biomimic nano-cilia, rapid high-throughput drug screening, tumor spheroid migration assay, and in vitro modeling of blood vessels. Remarkably, the delivery of multiple concentrations of drugs and their associate mixtures (a total of 25 test spots in one device) can be carried out simultaneously within seconds. Taken together, these insights may offer new opportunities to tailor non-planar microstructures, and our proposed methodology can be applicable for the emerging needs in tumor cell biology and tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Bioensaio/instrumentação , Biomimética/instrumentação , Vasos Sanguíneos/fisiopatologia , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Esferoides Celulares , Animais , Vasos Sanguíneos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Besouros , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/patologia
5.
Microb Pathog ; 111: 292-297, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28867629

RESUMO

Hand, Foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common disease with high infectivity for children, and enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the main pathogens to cause the type of illness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to propose a rapid and effective technique for detecting EV71 directly based on the mechanism of biological intermolecular force by using atomic force microscopy (AFM). At first, we coated EV71 particles on the mica surface and made the EV71 antibodies (anti-EV71) fixed on the AFM tip by means of several chemical procedures. Then, AFM chemically modified tip was applied to measure the unbinding forces between EV71 and anti-EV71 by contact mode. Finally, by using AFM imaging calculating software, the EV71 particle size (mean±SD) was 31.36±3.87 nm (n = 200) and this result was concordance with previous literature. Besides, the force (mean±SD) between EV71 antigen and antibody complex was 336.9±64.7 pN. The force (mean±SD) between anti-EV71 and non-specific specimens was 47.1±15.1 pN and was significantly smaller (P < 0.05). Apparently, the results show that we can precisely identify EV71 infection among the samples by measuring the force magnitude and observing the occurrence of EV71/anti-EV71 unbinding events. Therefore, the combination of AFM system and the chemically modified tip has the potential to be a rapid and effective method for detecting EV71 directly.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/análise , Antígenos Virais/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Enterovirus Humano A/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia , Microscopia de Força Atômica/métodos , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Enterovirus Humano A/química , Enterovirus Humano A/imunologia , Humanos , Microscopia de Força Atômica/instrumentação
6.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 9679, 2017 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28851911

RESUMO

The development of RRAM is one of the mainstreams for next generation non-volatile memories to replace the conventional charge-based flash memory. More importantly, the simpler structure of RRAM makes it feasible to be integrated into a passive crossbar array for high-density memory applications. By stacking up the crossbar arrays, the ultra-high density of 3D horizontal RRAM (3D-HRAM) can be realized. However, 3D-HRAM requires critical lithography and other process for every stacked layer, and this fabrication cost overhead increases linearly with the number of stacks. Here, it is demonstrated that the 2D material-based vertical RRAM structure composed of graphene plane electrode/multilayer h-BN insulating dielectric stacked layers, AlOx/TiOx resistive switching layer and ITO pillar electrode exhibits reliable device performance including forming-free, low power consumption (Pset = ~2 µW and Preset = ~0.2 µW), and large memory window (>300). The scanning transmission electron microscopy indicates that the thickness of multilayer h-BN is around 2 nm. Due to the ultrathin-insulating dielectric and naturally high thermal conductivity characteristics of h-BN, the vertical structure combining the graphene plane electrode with multilayer h-BN insulating dielectric can pave the way toward a new area of ultra high-density memory integration in the future.

7.
Sci Rep ; 6: 23945, 2016 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27052322

RESUMO

The combination of nonvolatile memory switching and volatile threshold switching functions of transition metal oxides in crossbar memory arrays is of great potential for replacing charge-based flash memory in very-large-scale integration. Here, we show that the resistive switching material structure, (amorphous TiOx)/(Ag nanoparticles)/(polycrystalline TiOx), fabricated on the textured-FTO substrate with ITO as the top electrode exhibits both the memory switching and threshold switching functions. When the device is used for resistive switching, it is forming-free for resistive memory applications with low operation voltage (<± 1 V) and self-compliance to current up to 50 µA. When it is used for threshold switching, the low threshold current is beneficial for improving the device selectivity. The variation of oxygen distribution measured by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy indicates the formation or rupture of conducting filaments in the device at different resistance states. It is therefore suggested that the push and pull actions of oxygen ions in the amorphous TiOx and polycrystalline TiOx films during the voltage sweep account for the memory switching and threshold switching properties in the device.

8.
Electromagn Biol Med ; 35(2): 106-14, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26114932

RESUMO

Paclitaxel is used as an adjuvant to enhance the effectiveness of ionization radiation therapy; however, high-energy radiation often damages the healthy cells surrounding cancer cells. Low-energy, middle-infrared radiation (MIR) has been shown to prevent tissue damage, and recent studies have begun combining MIR with paclitaxel. However, the cytotoxic effects of this treatment combination remain unclear, and the mechanism underlying its effects on HeLa cells has yet to be elucidated. This study investigated the effectiveness of treating HeLa human cervical cancer cells with a combination of paclitaxel for 48 h in conjunction with narrow-band MIR from 3.0 to 5.0 µm. This combined treatment significantly inhibited the growth of HeLa cells. Specifically, results from Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection and cell mitochondrial membrane potential analyses revealed an increase in apoptotic cell death and a collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential. One possible mechanism underlying cellular apoptosis is an increase in oxidative stress. These preliminary findings provide evidence to support the combination of narrow-band MIR with paclitaxel as an alternative approach in the treatment of human cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Raios Infravermelhos , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Terapia Combinada , Células HeLa , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos da radiação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Science ; 350(6264): 1065-8, 2015 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26612948

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides have emerged as a promising material system for optoelectronic applications, but their primary figure of merit, the room-temperature photoluminescence quantum yield (QY), is extremely low. The prototypical 2D material molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is reported to have a maximum QY of 0.6%, which indicates a considerable defect density. Here we report on an air-stable, solution-based chemical treatment by an organic superacid, which uniformly enhances the photoluminescence and minority carrier lifetime of MoS2 monolayers by more than two orders of magnitude. The treatment eliminates defect-mediated nonradiative recombination, thus resulting in a final QY of more than 95%, with a longest-observed lifetime of 10.8 ± 0.6 nanoseconds. Our ability to obtain optoelectronic monolayers with near-perfect properties opens the door for the development of highly efficient light-emitting diodes, lasers, and solar cells based on 2D materials.

10.
Nano Lett ; 15(2): 1356-61, 2015 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25602462

RESUMO

When light is incident on 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), it engages in multiple reflections within underlying substrates, producing interferences that lead to enhancement or attenuation of the incoming and outgoing strength of light. Here, we report a simple method to engineer the light outcoupling in semiconducting TMDCs by modulating their dielectric surroundings. We show that by modulating the thicknesses of underlying substrates and capping layers, the interference caused by substrate can significantly enhance the light absorption and emission of WSe2, resulting in a ∼11 times increase in Raman signal and a ∼30 times increase in the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of WSe2. On the basis of the interference model, we also propose a strategy to control the photonic and optoelectronic properties of thin-layer WSe2. This work demonstrates the utilization of outcoupling engineering in 2D materials and offers a new route toward the realization of novel optoelectronic devices, such as 2D LEDs and solar cells.

11.
J Proteome Res ; 14(2): 1250-62, 2015 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25556991

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the leading cancer-related causes of death worldwide. Treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is complex and challenging, especially when metastasis has developed. In this study, we applied infrared radiation as an alternative approach for the treatment of TNBC. We used middle infrared (MIR) with a wavelength range of 3-5 µm to irradiate breast cancer cells. MIR significantly inhibited cell proliferation in several breast cancer cells but did not affect the growth of normal breast epithelial cells. We performed iTRAQ-coupled LC-MS/MS analysis to investigate the MIR-triggered molecular mechanisms in breast cancer cells. A total of 1749 proteins were identified, quantified, and subjected to functional enrichment analysis. From the constructed functionally enriched network, we confirmed that MIR caused G2/M cell cycle arrest, remodeled the microtubule network to an astral pole arrangement, altered the actin filament formation and focal adhesion molecule localization, and reduced cell migration activity and invasion ability. Our results reveal the coordinative effects of MIR-regulated physiological responses in concentrated networks, demonstrating the potential implementation of infrared radiation in breast cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Raios Infravermelhos , Proteômica , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Divisão Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatografia Líquida , Feminino , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
12.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 45(1): 42-55, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24670042

RESUMO

EglA, a ß-1,4-glucanase isolated from the ruminal fungus Piromyces rhizinflata, shows promise in a wide range of industrial applications because of its broad substrate specificity. In this study, EglA was immobilized on different supporting materials including poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), Si wafer, textured Si wafer, and indium tin oxide-coated (ITO-coated) glass. The binding abilities of PDMS and Si wafer toward EglA were significantly higher than those of the other supporting materials. The optimized temperature and pH conditions for EglA immobilized on PDMS and on Si wafer were further determined by a response surface methodology (RSM) combined with a central composite design (CCD). The results indicated that the optimum pH and temperature values as well as the specific ß-glucanase activity of EglA on PDMS were higher than those of free-form EglA. In addition, EglA immobilized on PDMS could be reused up to six times with detectable enzyme activity, while the enzyme activity of Eg1A on Si wafer was undetectable after three cycles of enzyme reaction. The results demonstrate that PDMS is an attractive supporting material for EglA immobilization and could be developed into an enzyme chip or enzyme tube for potential industrial applications.


Assuntos
Celulase/química , Celulase/metabolismo , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Piromyces/enzimologia , Celulase/genética , Celulase/isolamento & purificação , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Teóricos , Análise de Regressão , Silício/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura
13.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 12(1): 123-30, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25462575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-level light therapy (LLLT) is used to stimulate healing, reduce pain and inflammation, and preserve tissue from dying. LLLT has been shown to protect cells in culture from dying after various cytotoxic insults, and LLLT is known to increase the cellular ATP content. Previous studies have demonstrated that maintaining a sufficiently high ATP level is necessary for the efficient induction and execution of apoptosis steps after photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: We asked whether LLLT would protect cells from cytotoxicity due to PDT, or conversely whether LLLT would enhance the efficacy of PDT mediated by mono-l-aspartyl chlorin(e6) (NPe6). Increased ATP could lead to enhanced cell uptake of NPe6 by the energy dependent process of endocytosis, and also to more efficient apoptosis. In this study, human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 was subjected to 1.5J/cm(2) of 810nm near infrared radiation (NIR) followed by addition of 10µM NPe6 and after 2h incubation by 1.5J/cm(2) of 652nm red light for PDT. RESULTS: PDT combined with LLLT led to higher cell death and increased intracellular reactive oxygen species compared to PDT alone. The uptake of NPe6 was moderately increased by LLLT, and cellular ATP was increased. The mitochondrial respiratory chain inhibitor antimycin A abrogated the LLLT-induced increase in cytotoxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results demonstrate that LLLT potentiates NPe6-mediated PDT via increased ATP synthesis and is a potentially promising strategy that could be applied in clinical PDT.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/terapia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Porfirinas/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Humanos , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Opt Express ; 22 Suppl 4: A1128-36, 2014 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24978075

RESUMO

Large and periodic anti-ring arrays are fabricated by using a monolayer of polymer/nanosphere hybrid technique and applied as back reflectors in substrate-type hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) thin-film solar cells. The structure of each anti-ring comprises a nanodome centered inside a nanohole. The excitation of Bloch wave surface plasmon polaritons is observed in the Ag-coated anti-ring arrays. The nanodomes of the anti-ring arrays turn out to enhance large-angle light scattering and increase the effective optical path in the solar cell. The resulting efficiency of an ultrathin a-Si:H (thickness: 150 nm) solar cell is enhanced by 39% compared to that with a flat back reflector and by 13% compared to that with a nanohole back reflector.

15.
ACS Nano ; 8(8): 7613-9, 2014 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25019420

RESUMO

We report the memory device on paper by means of an all-printing approach. Using a sequence of inkjet and screen-printing techniques, a simple metal­insulator­metal device structure is fabricated on paper as a resistive random access memory with a potential to reach gigabyte capacities on an A4 paper. The printed-paper-based memory devices (PPMDs) exhibit reproducible switching endurance, reliable retention, tunable memory window, and the capability to operate under extreme bending conditions. In addition, the PBMD can be labeled on electronics or living objects for multifunctional, wearable, on-skin, and biocompatible applications. The disposability and the high-security data storage of the paper-based memory are also demonstrated to show the ease of data handling, which are not achievable for regular silicon-based electronic devices. We envision that the PPMDs manufactured by this cost-effective and time-efficient all-printing approach would be a key electronic component to fully activate a paper-based circuit and can be directly implemented in medical biosensors, multifunctional devices, and self-powered systems.


Assuntos
Equipamentos e Provisões Elétricas , Papel , Impressão , Temperatura
16.
Opt Express ; 22 Suppl 2: A438-45, 2014 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24922253

RESUMO

The aluminum and sliver multilayered nano-grating structure is fabricated by laser interference lithography and the intervals between nanoslits is filled with modified PEDOT:PSS. The grating structured transparent electrode functions as the anti-reflection layer which not only decreases the reflected light but also increases the absorption of the active layer. The performances of P3HT:PC61BM solar cells are studied experimentally and theoretically in detail. The field intensities of the transverse magnetic (TM) and transverse electrical (TE) waves distributed in the active layer are simulated by rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA). The power conversion efficiency of the plasmonic ITO-free polymer solar cell can reach 3.64% which is higher than ITO based polymer solar cell with efficiency of 3.45%.

17.
Opt Express ; 22(7): 7388-98, 2014 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24718114

RESUMO

Three different nano-grating structures are designed as phase retarders that can transform linearly polarized light to circularly polarized emission for the wavelengths of 488 nm, 532 nm and 632.8 nm, respectively. Gold based nano-grating structures with various periods are fabricated by utilizing laser interference lithography. The ellipticity of all circularly polarized emission can reach around 90% such that the structure has great potential in the applications of three-dimensional (3D) display. The effects of the slit width and metal thickness modulations are simulated by rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA) method. Besides, the field intensity and phase of the transmitted TM and TE waves are also simulated to understand their polarization characteristics.

18.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 8(7): 534-8, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23812186

RESUMO

In ballistic thermal conduction, the wave characteristics of phonons allow the transmission of energy without dissipation. However, the observation of ballistic heat transport at room temperature is challenging because of the short phonon mean free path. Here we show that ballistic thermal conduction persisting over 8.3 µm can be observed in SiGe nanowires with low thermal conductivity for a wide range of structural variations and alloy concentrations. We find that an unexpectedly low percentage (∼0.04%) of phonons carry out the heat conduction process in SiGe nanowires, and that the ballistic phonons display properties including non-additive thermal resistances in series, unconventional contact thermal resistance, and unusual robustness against external perturbations. These results, obtained in a model semiconductor, could enable wave-engineering of phonons and help to realize heat waveguides, terahertz phononic crystals and quantum phononic/thermoelectric devices ready to be integrated into existing silicon-based electronics.

19.
PLoS One ; 8(1): e54117, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23335992

RESUMO

There were studies investigating the effects of broadband infrared radiation (IR) on cancer cell, while the influences of middle-infrared radiation (MIR) are still unknown. In this study, a MIR emitter with emission wavelength band in the 3-5 µm region was developed to irradiate A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells. It was found that MIR exposure inhibited cell proliferation and induced morphological changes by altering the cellular distribution of cytoskeletal components. Using quantitative PCR, we found that MIR promoted the expression levels of ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated), ATR (ataxia-telangiectasia and Rad3-related and Rad3-related), TP53 (tumor protein p53), p21 (CDKN1A, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A) and GADD45 (growth arrest and DNA-damage inducible), but decreased the expression levels of cyclin B coding genes, CCNB1 and CCNB2, as well as CDK1 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 1). The reduction of protein expression levels of CDC25C, cyclin B1 and the phosphorylation of CDK1 at Thr-161 altogether suggest G(2)/M arrest occurred in A549 cells by MIR. DNA repair foci formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) marker γ-H2AX and sensor 53BP1 was induced by MIR treatment, it implies the MIR induced G(2)/M cell cycle arrest resulted from DSB. This study illustrates a potential role for the use of MIR in lung cancer therapy by initiating DSB and blocking cell cycle progression.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Raios Infravermelhos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Actinas/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase CDC2/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Meios de Cultura , Ciclina B1/genética , Dano ao DNA/efeitos da radiação , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/genética , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos da radiação , Ligação Proteica , Transporte Proteico/efeitos da radiação , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Temperatura , Proteína 1 de Ligação à Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Vinculina/metabolismo , Fosfatases cdc25/genética
20.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7: 155, 2012 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22369313

RESUMO

With the rapid progress of nanotechnology, nanostructures with different morphologies have been realized, which may be very promising to enhance the performance of semiconductor devices. In this study, SiGe nanostructures with several kinds of configurations have been synthesized through a chemical vapor deposition process. By controlling growth conditions, different SiGe nanostructures can be easily tuned. Structures and compositions of the nanostructures were determined by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The optical properties of various SiGe nanostructures revealed some dependence with their morphologies, which may be suitable for solar cell applications. The control of the SiGe morphology on nanoscale provides a convenient route to produce diverse SiGe nanostructures and creates new opportunities to realize the integration of future devices.

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