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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360515

RESUMO

(1) Background: Evidence suggests that organizational processes of hospitals have an impact on patient-professional interactions. Within the nurse-patient interaction, nurses play a key role providing social support. Factors influencing the nurse-patient interaction have seldomly been researched. We aimed to examine whether the process organization in hospitals is associated with breast cancer patients' perceived social support from nurses.; (2) Methods: Data analysis based on a cross-sectional patient survey (2979 breast cancer patients, 83 German hospitals) and information on hospital structures. Associations between process organization and perceived social support were analyzed with logistic hierarchical regression models adjusted for patient characteristics and hospital structures.; (3) Results: Most patients were 40-69 years old and classified with UICC stage II or III. Native language, age and hospital ownership status showed significant associations to the perception of social support. Patients treated in hospitals with better process organization at admission (OR 3.61; 95%-CI 1.67, 7.78) and during the hospital stay (OR 2.11; 95%-CI 1.04; 4.29) perceived significantly more social support from nurses.; (4) Conclusions: Designing a supportive nursing work environment and improving process organization in hospitals may create conditions conducive for a supportive patient-nurse interaction. More research is needed to better understand mechanisms behind the associations found.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
3.
J Orthop Trauma ; 35(Suppl 3): s21-s26, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415878

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Imaging of the distal radius is of paramount importance in diagnosing injuries, indicating patients for operative or nonoperative treatment, and appropriately following patients for associated injuries and complications. Plain radiographs and fluoroscopy are the dominant imaging modalities in all settings because they are readily available and provide valuable information about the osseous structures and any instrumentation. Computed tomography can offer more information about implant placement and the level of comminution of the articular surfaces but is more expensive and exposes patients to higher doses of radiation. Magnetic resonance imaging is less commonly used but is useful for occult fractures and other associated injuries. Ultrasonography is gaining popularity in evaluating implant placement, especially regarding tendon impingement and subsequent tendon injury.

5.
Can J Anaesth ; 68(11): 1659-1667, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292525

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Healthcare workers have experienced high levels of anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly when caring for patients with unknown infection status. We trialled rapid preoperative point-of-care COVID-19 testing using the Abbott ID NOW™ COVID-19 for clinical validation in an urgent surgical population at a single centre in British Columbia, Canada. Here, we sought to determine the opinions and beliefs of operating room (OR) staff on the usefulness and effectiveness of point-of-care tests on workflow and wellbeing in the OR. METHODS: This descriptive study used a mixed-methods cross-sectional survey of all OR staff (nurses, anesthesiologists, surgeons, and ancillary staff) at a single centre after using the ID NOW for three months. Outcomes of interest included healthcare worker satisfaction with the ID NOW, effects on OR workflow, and worries about COVID-19 transmission. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 56% (n = 133), and was highest among anesthesiologists (100%, n = 38). Respondents were satisfied with the performance of the ID NOW for rapid COVID-19 testing in preoperative patients, giving it a mean (standard deviation [SD]) rate of 4.4 [1.4] on a five-point scale. Most (115/128, 90%) recommended continued use of the ID NOW on asymptomatic patients while there are active cases of COVID-19 in the community. Respondents felt that preoperative COVID-19 testing with the ID NOW made the OR safer for staff (mean [SD] rate, 4.2 [0.8]) and patients (mean [SD] rate, 4.0 [0.9]). CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to maintain the physical and mental wellbeing of hospital staff. Rapid point-of-care testing increased the sense of workplace safety, improved morale, and reduced worry associated with COVID-19 without excessive disruption of OR workflow.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Atitude , Colúmbia Britânica , Teste para COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Testes Imediatos , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Pain Med ; 2021 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness and safety of epidural analgesia in the presurgical period on hip fracture patients undergoing surgical repair. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: The study protocol was registered with the PROSPERO systematic reviews register: CRD42019140396. Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials comparing preoperative epidural analgesia to other forms of pain management in hip fracture patients. The primary outcomes included perioperative cardiac events and mortality. Pain, non-cardiac complications, and adverse effects were also examined as secondary outcomes. Heterogeneity of the included studies was assessed using the I2 statistic and a random-effects meta-analysis was conducted once sufficient homogeneity was demonstrated. RESULTS: Four studies met the inclusion criteria, which included a total of 221 patients. Preoperative epidural analgesia resulted in fewer cardiac events, which was a reported outcome in two included studies (RR 0.30; 95% CI 0.14-0.63; I2 = 0%). Preoperative epidural analgesia was also associated with decreased perioperative mortality in a meta-analysis of two studies (RR 0.13; 95% CI 0.02-0.98; I2 = 0%). Pain was not pooled due to variability in assessment methods, but preoperative epidural analgesia was associated with reduced pain in all four studies. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative epidural analgesia for hip fracture may reduce perioperative cardiac events and mortality, but the number of included studies in this systematic review was low. More research should be done to determine the benefit of early epidural analgesia for hip fractured patients.

8.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 10(4): e24565, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the United States, adolescents and young adults are disproportionately affected by HIV and have poorer HIV-related health outcomes than adults. Health care transition (HCT) from pediatric or adolescent to adult-oriented HIV care is associated with disruptions to youths' care retention, medication adherence, and viral suppression. However, no evidence-based interventions exist to improve HCT outcomes for youth living with HIV. OBJECTIVE: There are 2 phases of this project. Phase 1 involves the iterative development and usability testing of a Social Cognitive Theory-based mobile health (mHealth) HIV HCT intervention (iTransition). In phase 2, we will conduct a pilot implementation trial to assess iTransition's feasibility and acceptability and to establish preliminary efficacy among youth and provider participants. METHODS: The iterative phase 1 development process will involve in-person and virtual meetings and a design team comprising youth living with HIV and health care providers. The design team will both inform the content and provide feedback on the look, feel, and process of the iTransition intervention. In phase 2, we will recruit 100 transition-eligible youth across two clinical sites in Atlanta, Georgia, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to participate in the historical control group (n=50; data collection only) or the intervention group (n=50) in a pilot implementation trial. We will also recruit 28 provider participants across the pediatric or adolescent and adult clinics at the two sites. Data collection will include electronic medical chart abstraction for clinical outcomes as well as surveys and interviews related to demographic and behavioral characteristics; Social Cognitive Theory constructs; and intervention feasibility, acceptability, and use. Analyses will compare historical control and intervention groups in terms of HCT outcomes, including adult care linkage (primary), care retention, and viral suppression (secondary). Interview data will be analyzed using content analysis to understand the experience with use and acceptability. RESULTS: Phase 1 (development) of iTransition research activities began in November 2019 and is ongoing. The data collection for the phase 2 pilot implementation trial is expected to be completed in January 2023. Final results are anticipated in summer 2023. CONCLUSIONS: The development and pilot implementation trial of the iTransition intervention will fill an important gap in understanding the role of mHealth interventions to support HCT outcomes for youth living with HIV. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/24565.

9.
Skeletal Radiol ; 50(9): 1791-1800, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538864

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Characterize the appearance of digital nerve injuries in different ultrasound planes and correlate the presence and size of neuromas with time from injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgically confirmed nerve injuries were retrospectively evaluated. Appearances of the nerve injury in the available imaging planes were reviewed by two readers. Associations between presence and size of neuroma with time from injury were analyzed. RESULTS: Injuries of 29 digital nerves (3 incomplete lacerations, 17 complete lacerations, 6 with 7 stump neuromas, 3 neuromas-in-continuity) noted on ultrasound were surgically confirmed. Among the 20 lacerations, long-axis images were obtained in 15, of which 10 depicted the injury and 4 did not. Among the 10 depicting the injury in long axis, 2 showed a discrete gap, and 7 showed the nerve obscured by laceration tissue without a gap. In short axis, the nerve injury was visible in all 20, and nerve laceration was seen as a discrete gap in 2, and obscuration by laceration tissue in 14. Neuromas were hypoechoic and well-defined. There was a positive association between time and presence of neuroma (OR = 1.3, p = 0.002). Correlations between time and cross-sectional area (rs = 0.45) and volume (rs = 0.57) of neuromas were moderately positive. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound long axis may be less useful, and those short axis may be more reliable for assessing digital nerve injuries than previously reported. Neuromas are hypoechoic and well-defined, and their size can vary based on time from injury.


Assuntos
Neuroma , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Humanos , Neuroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuroma/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
10.
J Rheumatol ; 48(8): 1230-1238, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The long-term safety and efficacy of filgotinib (from phase II studies), with or without methotrexate (MTX), for the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis was assessed in DARWIN 3, a long-term, open-label extension study (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02065700). METHODS: Eligible patients completing the 24-week DARWIN 1 (filgotinib + MTX) and DARWIN 2 (filgotinib monotherapy) studies entered DARWIN 3, where they received filgotinib 200 mg/day, except for 15 men who received filgotinib 100 mg/day. Safety analyses were performed using the safety analysis set and the exposure-adjusted incidence rate (EAIR) of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was calculated. Efficacy was assessed from baseline in the parent studies. RESULTS: Of 790 patients completing the phase II parent studies, 739 enrolled in the study. Through April 2019, 59.5% of patients had received ≥ 4 years of the study drug. Mean (SD) exposure to filgotinib was 3.55 (1.57) years in the filgotinib + MTX group and 3.38 (1.59) years in the filgotinib monotherapy group. EAIR per 100 patient-years of exposure for TEAEs was 24.6 in the filgotinib + MTX group and 25.8 in the filgotinib monotherapy group, and for serious TEAEs, the EAIR was 3.1 and 4.3, respectively. American College of Rheumatology 20/50/70 responses among patients remaining in the study could be maintained through 4 years, with 89.3%/69.6%/49.1% of the filgotinib + MTX group and 91.8%/69.4%/44.4% of the monotherapy group maintaining ACR20/50/70 responses, respectively, based on observed data. CONCLUSION: Filgotinib was well tolerated with a 4-year safety profile comparable to that of the parent trials, both in patients receiving combination therapy with MTX or as monotherapy.

11.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; 30(2): e13386, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The development and validation of a health behaviour scale for cancer patients (HBSCP). METHODS: An 11-item scale was developed based on existing literature on health behaviour and cancer prevention and care. Identified dimensions include the following: nutrition and weight, physical activity, nicotine and alcohol use, stress, and adherence to medical health services. Experts rated the items in regard to content and wording. The scale was tested in two cross-sectional datasets of n = 4626 and n = 4558 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Psychometric properties were assessed (internal consistency, item discrimination, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis). Correlations with physical functioning (EORTC QLQ-C30) and personality traits (Big Five Inventory) were computed (full assessment of construct validity was not possible). RESULTS: A two-factor structure (1. adherence to medical health services; 2. Individual protective health behaviour) with nine items (item reduction due to findings in the factor analyses) with good item properties and reliability was identified. The scale showed significant associations with physical functioning and the personality traits of conscientiousness. CONCLUSION: The HBSCP is an instrument with good psychometric properties that measures cancer patients' health behaviour. Healthcare providers and researchers can use the HBSCP in the context of health promotion and prevention.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; 30(1): e13335, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015897

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although many cancer patients experience psychological distress, not all affected patients utilise psycho-oncological care. We aim to examine the role of generalised resistance resources (GRRs) and sense of coherence (SOC) in predicting cancer patient needs for psycho-oncological care and its utilisation. A salutogenic prediction model was conceptualised and statistically tested. METHODS: Survey data (response rate 88.94%) from 2270 breast cancer patients one year after treatment in one of 88 certified hospitals in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, were analysed. Structural Equation Modelling analysis was performed. RESULTS: 21.6% of patients (n = 485; N = 2249) felt they currently needed psycho-oncological care, of which 61.6% currently utilised it (n = 299, N = 485). 42.2% (n = 953, N = 2259) had the need for psycho-oncological care in the previous 12 months, of which 58.0% (n = 553, N = 953) utilised it. Several GRRs directly predict the need for psycho-oncological care and SOC, as well as indirectly predict the utilisation of psycho-oncological care. Past utilisation significantly affects current need and utilisation. The model shows good model fit. CONCLUSIONS: Generalised resistance resources and SOC affect the utilisation of psycho-oncological care. Therefore, measuring key GRRs and SOC during cancer treatment should be integrated into patient care as a salutogenic approach, to identify resources and vulnerabilities on an individual level.

13.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(2): 910-921, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33249654

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine how specialist gynaecological cancer nurses experience and perceive their role. DESIGN: An Interpretive Description qualitative study employing semi-structured interview methods was conducted. METHODS: Specialist nurses working in Australia or New Zealand were recruited via the Australia and New Zealand Gynaecological Oncology Group and the Cancer Nurses Society of Australia to contribute to focus group, dyadic and/or individual interviews. Audio-recordings of the interviews were transcribed, de-identified, and subjected to a thematic analysis. RESULTS: Specialist cancer nurses participated in the study via one focus group interview (N = 6), one dyadic interview (N = 2) and 13 individual interviews between April - August 2016. Three major themes were inductively derived from 19 minor themes: 'Working between worlds' locates the role of the specialist nurse in the provision of gynaecological cancer care; 'The patient's 'go-to' person' highlights participants' relationships with patients; and 'When so much depends on one person' explores the personal and professional impact of working in a specialist nursing role. CONCLUSION: Specialist nurses identified themselves as an accessible source of support and expertise for both women with gynaecological cancers throughout their disease trajectory and multidisciplinary team members. The main challenges they faced were the evolving and expanding nature of their bespoke roles and the dependence on them as individuals in these roles. Clearer role boundaries, guidelines for practice, effective professional support, and active succession planning are recommended. IMPACT: This study explored the experiences and perceptions of gynaecological oncology specialist nurses. Despite similar roles being in place across many countries for several years, the roles continue to evolve and lack clear definition which is burdensome to their incumbents. This research indicates that it is now time for nursing leaders and the broader nursing profession to delineate scope of practice, standardise nomenclature and practice and embed these roles in nursing career and education pathways.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
14.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(2): 795-804, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145826

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine new graduate nurses' perceptions of competency on coping with dying and death and the relationship with death self-efficacy and death anxiety. DESIGN: A multicentre, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Three hundred and forty new graduate nurses from five metropolitan hospitals were recruited between August-November 2018. Participants completed the Coping with Death Scale, Death Self-efficacy Scale, and Death Anxiety Scale. RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety-eight new graduate nurses responded to the survey. The mean score of coping with death and death self-efficacy was 120.11 (SD 24.59), 259.11 (SD 57.70) respectively. 88.9% feared a painful death, 81.5% were particularly afraid of getting cancer, and 80.2% were afraid of death. There was a positive relationship between coping with death and death self-efficacy, a negative relationship between coping with death and death anxiety and a negative correlation between death self-efficacy and death anxiety. Five variables, including death self-efficacy, three dimensions of death anxiety including emotion, cognition with life and death and stress and distress and religion in total accounted for 46.9% of the variance of coping with death. CONCLUSION: New graduate nurses are at a disadvantage in terms of death self-efficacy, less well prepared in coping with death and are more anxious about death. IMPACT: It is imperative for educational institutions to support new graduate nurses with pre-licensure learning related to patient death issues and care. Organizations are also strongly advised to support new graduate nurses to cope with patient death through development of culturally sensitive interventions and guidelines, which may in turn assist with decreasing new graduate nurses' risk of burnout and increasing their longevity in the profession.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(5): 2166-2184, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320350

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to explore the role and impact of advanced practice nurses (APNs) in care of patients following fragility hip fracture by systematically reviewing the available evidence. REVIEW DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: A search of the databases Ovid Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Emcare, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar was conducted from January-February 2019. METHOD: This systematic review adhered to The PRISMA Statement. Study selection was managed using the Covidence software platform and quality was assessed using JBI Critical appraisal tools. Studies included adults >18 years and described the role and impact of APNs in care of patients following fragility hip fracture on clinical and non-clinical outcomes. RESULTS: There were 19 papers identified that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Quality was graded as moderate to low risk of bias. Six characteristics of APNs were identified: (1) coordination; (2) collaboration; (3) education; (4) assessment, investigation and treatment recommendations; (5) discharge planning, support and follow up; and (6) documentation. Overall mortality and LOS improved when characteristics of the APN role were present. CONCLUSION: Key findings from this systematic review showed: (1) The APN title and role are not clearly defined, but characteristics of the APN role are evident; (2) characteristics of APNs promote the delivery of best practice hip fracture care and have a positive impact on mortality and LOS; and (3) innovative service delivery models involving APNs should be considered to address future projections of hip fracture rates and improve outcomes. IMPACT: This systematic review provides evidence of the role characteristics of APNs in fragility hip fracture and the impact of the role on outcomes. Findings from this research could be used to develop service delivery models using APNs to care for patients following fragility hip fracture and to inform practice where APN roles may improve outcomes for other patient cohorts.


Assuntos
Prática Avançada de Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Adulto , Humanos
16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21367, 2020 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288814

RESUMO

A significantly negative reversion in the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube (QFT-GIT) test is reported in patients on dialysis, which makes the results unreliable. The CD4 and CD8 responses of the QFT-Gold plus (QFT-Plus) may have better positive consistency, but this needs to be investigated. We enrolled dialysis patients with baseline positive QFT-GIT0 results and conducted two rounds of follow-up paired QFT-GIT1&2 and QFT-Plus1&2 tests at an interval of 6 months. The positive consistency, concordance, and discordance of the QFT results were analyzed. A total of 236 patients on dialysis were screened, and 73 participants with positive QFT-GIT0 results were enrolled. The baseline QFT-GIT0 response was higher in the 1st QFT-Plus1(+) group than in the QFT-Plus1(-) group, but insignificantly different between the 1st QFT-GIT1(+) and QFT-GIT1(-) groups. The two assays had good correlation when concurrently tested. Fifty-three subjects completed a second round of the QFT-GIT2 and QFT-Plus2. Persistent positivity was higher with the QFT-Plus2 (81.8%) than with the QFT-GIT2 (58.8%, p = 0.040). The QFT-GIT1 and QFT-Plus1 CD4 responses were higher in patients with persistent positivity than in those with negative reversion, whereas the difference of the QFT-Plus TB1 and TB2 data, representative of the CD8 response, were similar between positive persistence and negative reversion. In conclusion, the QFT-Plus provides more reliable positive consistency than does the QFT-GIT. The CD4 interferon-γ response might play a role in maintaining positivity of LTBI.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Latente/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Liberação de Interferon-gama , Tuberculose Latente/imunologia , Tuberculose Latente/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal , Fatores de Risco
17.
J Clin Nurs ; 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33348467

RESUMO

AIM: To describe and discuss clinical strategies for nurses working in partnership with substitute decision-makers for people living with advanced dementia. BACKGROUND: By providing person-centred care to patients living with advanced dementia, nurses are positioned to work in partnership with substitute decision-makers who make healthcare decisions related to advanced care. Because the experience of being substitute decision-makers is complex and stressful, nurses need skillsets for working in partnership with substitute decision-makers. DESIGN: In this discursive paper, an innovative framework for working in partnership with substitute decision-makers is proposed. METHOD: Evidence-based findings from a systematic review provided five domain foci for the partnership framework. In each domain, two clinical strategies were discursively proposed. Clinical strategies were hypothesised from research findings and insights from the authors' nursing experiences. Then, topical literature was searched, and findings were used to support the discursively argued strategies. DISCUSSION: To deal with complexities and reduce stress for substitute decision-makers, an innovative Nurse-Substitute Decision-Maker Partnership Framework for use in the context of advanced dementia is proposed and discussed. The partnership framework consists of five domains: Building trust, Exploring emotions, Translating quality of life, Encouraging proactivity and Negotiating families. Within these domains, ten strategies to support the practices of clinical nurses to work in partnership with substitute decision-makers are discussed. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: In the framework, the ten clinical nursing strategies are designed to provide targeted care to substitute decision-makers in areas that are known to cause complexity and stress to them. The Nurse-Substitute Decision-Maker Partnership Framework has been designed to improve nurse-substitute decision-maker partnerships and reduce the stress experienced by substitute decision-makers as they work through the complexities associated with advanced dementia.

18.
Monatsschr Kinderheilkd ; : 1-9, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33100402

RESUMO

Background: The indications for experienced aggression and violence towards doctors in children's hospitals are increasing and are the focus of this study. They are reported in contact with parents or relatives in emotionally highly charged situations caused by their child's illness. This empirical study investigated the extent to which experienced aggressive and violent behavior has been received by pediatricians in their everyday work in hospitals. Methods: Data from two previously unpublished nationwide surveys in 2009 (n = 160) and 2017 (n = 190) were analyzed. Using the same questionnaire, the forms of aggressive action, such as exerting pressure, insulting, threatening physical violence, attempting to use violence and actually using violence as well as the descriptions of the associated situations were questioned. The wording of the insults and the type of threat could be specified via open questions. Results: Approximately four out of five respondents said they have been the target of an aggressive action by parents or relatives. In 2017 approximately 3 out of 4 respondents (71.0%) considered the problem of aggressive behavior to be relevant to their everyday work compared to only every second respondent (51.9%) in 2009. Individual respondents reported up to 60 situations, in both survey waves at a median of 4.0 times per year. Conclusion: Experienced aggression and violence are often and increasingly part of everyday clinical life in the pediatric wards, ranging from insults to physical violence. Prevention strategies, such as preventive training for communication and de-escalation are explicitly desired.

19.
Clin Imaging ; 68: 179-183, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841934

RESUMO

Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) - an attenuated strain of M. bovis - is closely related to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and may be used as a vaccine against tuberculosis as well as a treatment for urinary bladder cancer. Complications of M. bovis BCG administration, while rare, can occur. While a few cases of vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to BCG therapy exist in the literature, and while there are case reports of osteomyelitis and septic arthritis from BCG vaccination (Chen et al., 2017; Huang et al., 2019; Lin et al., 2015 [1-3]), there are no reported cases of osteomyelitis and septic arthritis involving the foot from BCG therapy for urinary bladder cancer. We present an unusual presentation of osteomyelitis and septic arthritis of the tarsometatarsal joints after M. bovis BCG therapy for urinary bladder cancer. We will describe MRI and ultrasound findings in our case of M. bovis BCG osteomyelitis and septic arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa , Mycobacterium bovis , Osteomielite , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Administração Intravesical , Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Infecciosa/etiologia , Vacina BCG/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Osteomielite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteomielite/etiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico
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