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1.
Exp Ther Med ; 13(1): 146-154, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28123483

RESUMO

Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) is utilized in Korean medicine for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of Fructus sophorae extract (FSE) isolated from the dried ripe fruit of S. japonicum (L.) on the development of type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in BALB/c mice. The CIA mice were orally administered FSE or saline daily for 2 weeks. The incidence and severity of disease and the inflammatory response in the serum and the joint tissues were assessed. Macroscopic and histological investigation indicated that FSE protected against CIA development. FSE was associated with a significant reduction in the levels of total immunoglobulin G2a and proinflammatory cytokines and mediators in the serum. In addition, FSE suppressed the gene expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines and mediators, the mediator of osteoclastic bone remodeling, the receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand and matrix metalloproteinases in the joint tissues. The present results suggest that FSE may protect against inflammation and bone damage, and would be a valuable candidate for further investigation as a novel anti-arthritic agent.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2016: 1083208, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27579304

RESUMO

Objective. This study is performed to obtain objective diagnostic indicators associated with menstrual pain using pulse wave analysis. Methods. Using a pulse diagnostic device, we measured the pulse waves of 541 women aged between 19 and 30 years, placed in either an experimental group with menstrual pain (n = 329) or a control group with little or no menstrual pain (n = 212). Measurements were taken during both the menstrual and nonmenstrual periods, and comparative analysis was performed. Results. During the nonmenstrual period, the experimental group showed a significantly higher value in the left radial artery for the radial augmentation index (RAI) (p = 0.050) but significantly lower values for pulse wave energy (p = 0.021) and time to first peak from baseline (T1) (p = 0.035) in the right radial artery. During the menstrual period, the experimental group showed significantly lower values in the left radial artery for cardiac diastole and pulse wave area during diastole and significantly higher values for pulse wave area during systole, ratio of systolic phase to the full heartbeat, and systolic-diastolic ratio. Conclusion. We obtained indicators of menstrual pain in women during the menstrual period, including prolonged systolic and shortened diastolic phases, increases in pulse wave energy and area of representative pulse wave, and increased blood vessel resistance.


Assuntos
Dismenorreia/fisiopatologia , Ciclo Menstrual , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Resistência Vascular , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos
3.
Mol Med Rep ; 14(4): 3206-14, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27571702

RESUMO

Artemisia argyi Folium has been used to treat skin diseases, including eczema and dermatitis, in South Korean medicine. The present study investigated the curative effects of Artemisia argyi Folium extract (AAFE) on 2,4­dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)­induced atopic dermatitis (AD)­like skin lesions in a BALB/c mouse model. Briefly, the dorsal skin of the BALB/c mice was sensitized three times with DNCB, whereas the ears were challenged twice. Repeated treatment with DNCB induced AD­like lesions. The effects of AAFE on AD­like lesions were evaluated by clinical observation, histopathological analysis, immunohistochemistry and enzyme­linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, reverse transcription­polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were performed. Treatment with AAFE reduced AD­like lesions, as determined by clinical observation, histopathological analysis, and detection of the serum levels of histamine, immunoglobulin E and cytokines. With regards to its mechanism of action, AAFE inhibited the phosphorylation of Lck/yes­related novel tyrosine kinase (Lyn), spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk), mitogen­activated protein kinases (MAPKs), phosphoinositide 3­kinase (PI3K)/Akt and IκBα, which have essential roles in the production of various cytokines in lymph nodes. The suppressive activity of AAFE may be due to the inhibition of a series of immunopathological events, including the release of proinflammatory cytokines. The results of the present study strongly suggest that AAFE exerts an anti­AD effect by inhibiting the Lyn, Syk, MAPKs, PI3K/Akt and IκBα pathways. Therefore, AAFE may be considered an effective herbal remedy for the treatment of AD.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artemisia/química , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Citocinas/sangue , Dermatite Atópica/sangue , Dermatite Atópica/induzido quimicamente , Dermatite Atópica/patologia , Dinitroclorobenzeno , Feminino , Histamina/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Extratos Vegetais/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia
4.
Neurosci Lett ; 569: 6-11, 2014 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24631567

RESUMO

Noninvasive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and methylphenidate (MP) are associated with motor recovery after stroke. Based on the potentially complementary mechanisms of these interventions, we examined whether there is an interactive effect between MP and tDCS. In this preliminary study, we randomized subacute stroke subjects to receive tDCS alone, MP alone or combination of tDCS and MP. A blinded rater measured safety, hand function, and cortical excitability before and after treatment. None of the treatments caused any major or severe adverse effects or induced significant differences in cortical excitability. Analysis of variance of gain score, as measured by Purdue pegboard test, showed a significant between-group difference (F(2,6)=12.167, p=0.008). Post hoc analysis showed that the combination treatment effected greater Purdue pegboard gain scores than tDCS alone (p=0.017) or MP alone (p=0.01). Our preliminary data with nine subjects shows an interesting dissociation between motor function improvement and lack of motor corticospinal plasticity changes as indexed by transcranial magnetic stimulation in subacute stroke subjects.


Assuntos
Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/uso terapêutico , Metilfenidato/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua , Adulto , Idoso , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Mãos/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Destreza Motora , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Anal Chim Acta ; 757: 69-74, 2012 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23206398

RESUMO

This study was performed to demonstrate the importance of selecting an appropriate membrane when developing immunochromatographic assays (ICAs) for the sensitive detection of low-molecular weight compounds. Based on our findings, we propose a theoretical basis for selecting such a membrane. When eluting the sample solution for the competitive ICA using colloidal gold label for low-molecular analytes, the degree of binding inhibition is proportional to the collision frequency between the antibody-colloidal gold (Ab-CG) and analyte before Ab-CG binding to the capture antigen and a higher concentration of pesticides around the Ab-CG leads to a greater degree of inhibition. Therefore, we propose that the relative migration speed of the analyte and Ab-CG on the test strip is critically important for selecting a membrane in the development of sensitive competitive ICAs. We developed a novel method to estimate such a relative migration speed. We demonstrated the applicability of this proposal by using it to select an appropriate membrane for the development of an ICA of the pesticide diazinon.


Assuntos
Cromatografia de Afinidade , Membranas Artificiais , Praguicidas/análise , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Coloide de Ouro/química , Peso Molecular , Praguicidas/imunologia
6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 693(1-2): 106-13, 2011 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21504817

RESUMO

An immunochromatographic assay (ICA) based on competitive antigen-coated format using colloidal gold as the label was developed for the detection of the organophosphorus insecticide chlorpyrifos. The ICA test strip consisted of a membrane with a detection zone, a sample pad and an absorbent pad. The membrane was separately coated with chlorpyrifos Hapten-OVA conjugate (test line) and anti-mouse IgG (control line). Based on the fact that the competition is between the migrating analyte in the sample and the analyte hapten immobilized on the test strip for the binding sites of the antibody-colloidal gold (Ab-CG) conjugate migrating on the test strip, this study suggests that the relative migration speed between the two migrating substances is a critically important factor for the sensitive detection by competitive ICA. This criterion was utilized for the confirmation of appropriateness of a nitrocellulose (NC) membrane for chlorpyrifos ICA. The detection limit of the ICA for chlorpyrifos standard and chlorpyrifos spiked into agricultural samples were 10 and 50 ng mL(-1), respectively. The assay time for the ICA test was less than 10 min, suitable for rapid on-site testing of chlorpyrifos.


Assuntos
Clorpirifos/análise , Imunoensaio/métodos , Inseticidas/análise , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Sítios de Ligação , Ligação Competitiva , Clorpirifos/isolamento & purificação , Colódio/química , Reações Cruzadas , Ouro/química , Haptenos/química , Inseticidas/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Ovalbumina/química
7.
Clin Chim Acta ; 411(17-18): 1238-42, 2010 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20438723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both active smoking and passive exposure to tobacco smoke are major risk factors for cardiovascular, pulmonary, and oncological diseases. The serum level of cotinine, a major proximate metabolite of nicotine, reflects active or passive exposure to tobacco smoke. However, currently available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for cotinine have limited sensitivity, and a high-throughput quantification of the severity of passive exposure to tobacco smoke has not been possible thus far. METHODS: We generated a phage display of combinatorial antibody library, from which we selected a recombinant antibody against cotinine, developed a sensitive ELISA using this antibody, and evaluated the method in a clinical setting and an animal model. RESULTS: The limits of detection and the lower limit of quantification were 31pg/mL and 1ng/mL cotinine, respectively. The intra- and inter-assay precisions based on three quality control samples were 3.8-13.5% and 14.0-15.0%, respectively. No significant interference from nicotine, trans-3'-hydroxy cotinine, tobacco alkaloids, or other serum components was found. When we applied our ELISA to serum samples from 36 volunteers, the serum cotinine levels were clustered into two groups, which exactly corresponded to their smoking behavior and this ELISA yielded reproducible and accurate results, which were comparable to those of LC/MS in a split assay. In animal studies, we were able to distinguish between rats injected with a nicotine dose equivalent to that of passive exposure to tobacco and rats without exposure. CONCLUSION: The competitive ELISA described here is useful for the detection and quantification of the severity of risk of passive smoking.


Assuntos
Cotinina/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/normas , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Cromatografia Líquida , Primers do DNA , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Nicotina/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 58(9): 5241-7, 2010 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20387834

RESUMO

This study aimed at developing competitive direct and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the organophosphorus insecticide O-ethyl O-4-nitrophenyl phenylphosphonothioate (EPN) using a monoclonal antibody (mAb). Of the five EPN derivatives (haptens) prepared for use as an immunogen or as a competitor, two of them were used as the immunogen for the production of the mAbs. By using the antibody with the highest specificity and a coating antigen (hapten-OVA conjugate), a competitive indirect ELISA was developed, which showed an IC(50) of 2.9 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.3 ng/mL. A competitive direct ELISA using a different antibody and an enzyme tracer was also developed, which showed an IC(50) of 0.6 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.09 ng/mL. The mAbs in both assays showed negligible cross-reactivity with other organophosphorus pesticides. The recoveries of EPN from spiked samples determined by the developed ELISA ranged from 59 to 143%. Dilution of the samples improved the recovery. The assay performance of the present ELISAs based on the mAb was compared with that of the EPN ELISAs based on polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) that had been developed previously and was found to be better in dynamic response.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Inseticidas/análise , Ácido Fenilfosfonotioico, 2-Etil 2-(4-Nitrofenil) Éster/análise , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Reações Cruzadas , Inseticidas/imunologia , Ácido Fenilfosfonotioico, 2-Etil 2-(4-Nitrofenil) Éster/imunologia
9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 57(21): 10004-13, 2009 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19839635

RESUMO

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the class-specific determination of organophosphorus (OP) pesticides were developed from monoclonal antibodies raised against haptens with the functional group common to OP pesticides. To develop antigen-coated, indirect, competitive ELISAs, four haptens with different spacer arm structures were used to prepare antibodies, while eight haptens were tested for use as coating antigens. A total of 32 ELISAs were developed with one selected as the most suitable one based on average IC(50) and % CV values. The chosen ELISA showed class-selective response to O,O-diethyl phosphorothioate and phosphorodithioate OP pesticides with negligible cross-reactivity to other types of pesticides. Average IC(50) and % CV values of this ELISA for the 12 OP pesticides were 89 ng/mL and 96%, respectively. Compared to ELISAs previously developed with the same objective, the current ELISA demonstrates better sensitivity based on much lower mean IC(50) values in addition to improved class-selective determination based on considerably lower % CV values as well as precise discrimination against other types of pesticides.


Assuntos
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Compostos Organofosforados/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Animais , Feminino , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Especificidade da Espécie
10.
J Med Primatol ; 38(2): 77-85, 2009 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19367731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that affects regulation of metabolic syndrome such as insulin resistance, type-2 diabetes, and obesity. It functions via seven transmembrane domain receptors [i.e.,adiponectin receptors 1 (AdipoR1) and 2 (AdipoR2)] that have been scarcely investigated in non-human primates. METHODS: Molecular cloning of cDNAs for adiponectin, AdipoR1, and AdipoR2 that included the whole protein-coding region in the Japanese monkey, Macaca fuscata, was carried out. Tissue-specific expression of respective genes was analyzed with Northern blot hybridization. RESULTS: The essential Cys36 and four lysine residues in adiponectin, and transmembrane-spanning domains in AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 appear well conserved. While adiponectin mRNA is expressed only in adipose tissues, AdipoR1 mRNA was found to be expressed in various tissues including the brain. CONCLUSIONS: These results significantly add to the understanding of the molecular basis of obesity-related adipokines and their receptors in nonhuman primates.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/metabolismo , Macaca/genética , Receptores de Adiponectina/metabolismo , Adiponectina/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , Evolução Molecular , Expressão Gênica , Macaca/metabolismo , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores de Adiponectina/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 56(24): 11551-9, 2008 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19053368

RESUMO

Competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) in indirect and direct format were developed for the quantitative detection of the organophosphorus insecticide EPN. Five EPN derivatives (haptens) were synthesized and coupled to carrier proteins to use as an immunogen or as a competitor. Rabbits were immunized with two of the five haptens coupled to KLH for production of polyclonal antibodies, and the sera were screened against one of the haptens coupled to ovalbumin (OVA). Using the serum with the highest specificity and a coating antigen (hapten-OVA conjugate), an indirect (antigen-coated) ELISA was developed, which showed an IC(50) of 5.6 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.2 ng/mL (20% inhibition). A direct (antibody-coated) ELISA using an enzyme tracer (hapten-enzyme conjugate) was also developed, which showed an IC(50) of 8.4 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.9 ng/mL (20% inhibition). The antibodies showed negligible cross-reactivity with other organophosphorus pesticides except with the insecticide parathion-ethyl only in the direct ELISA. The recoveries of EPN from spiked samples determined by the indirect ELISAs were between 37 and 164%.


Assuntos
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Inseticidas/análise , Compostos Organofosforados/análise , Animais , Feminino , Haptenos/análise , Haptenos/química , Haptenos/imunologia , Imunização , Inseticidas/química , Inseticidas/imunologia , Compostos Organofosforados/química , Compostos Organofosforados/imunologia , Coelhos
12.
Brain Res Bull ; 75(5): 687-91, 2008 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18355647

RESUMO

The present study investigated the role of inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A on the modulation of the phosphorylation of the spinal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) NR1 and NR2B subunits following electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation in rats. Bilateral 2Hz EA stimulations with 1.0 mA were delivered at those acupoints corresponding to Zusanli and Sanyinjiao to men via needles for 30 min. EA analgesia was slightly reduced by the intrathecal injection of calyculin A during EA stimulation. At 60 min after the termination of EA stimulation, the levels of c-fos, serine phosphorylation of NR1 and NR2B by Western analysis had increased in the L(4-5) segments of the spinal cord after EA treatment. These expressions were enhanced by the intrathecal injection of calyculin A and immunohistochemical analyses confirmed the significant increase of these proteins. As for the regional reaction of NMDAR subunits, a mean integrated optical density of phosphorylated NR1 and NR2B subunits was potentiated by calyculin A injections in the superficial laminae and neck region and superficial laminae and nucleus proprius, respectively. It can be concluded that protein phosphatase may play an important role in EA analgesia by modulating the phosphorylation state of spinal NMDAR subunits.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Oxazóis/farmacologia , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Medula Espinal , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hiperalgesia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Limiar da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Limiar da Dor/efeitos da radiação , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tempo de Reação/efeitos dos fármacos , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Tempo de Reação/efeitos da radiação , Medula Espinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/efeitos da radiação
13.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 17(6): 1002-9, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18050919

RESUMO

A rapid, convenient homogeneous competitive enzyme immunoassay for estimating the amount of fenthion is described. The assay utilizes glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-hapten conjugates that are inhibited in solution by antibodies obtained from bovine serum albumin-hapten conjugates. In order to investigate the effects of bridging group recognition on the sensitivity of dose response characteristics, the bridging groups of varying alkyl chain length were attached at the phosphate position of fenthion. Among the antibodies used, the one obtained from the use of hapten (fenthion analog) with the same bridging group structure that was used in preparing the enzyme-fenthion conjugates showed maximum inhibition (up to 51.8%) in the absence of fenthion. In the presence of fenthion, the activity of the enzyme-hapten conjugate is regained in an amount proportional to the fenthion concentration. Under the optimized condition, the ED50 value for fenthion was 0.809 microg/ml. The assay developed in this study is a rapid effective screening method for fenthion prior to precise analysis.


Assuntos
Técnica de Imunoensaio Enzimático de Multiplicação , Fention/análise , Inseticidas/análise , Relação Dose-Resposta Imunológica , Fention/imunologia , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/imunologia , Haptenos/imunologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Anal Chim Acta ; 594(1): 37-43, 2007 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17560383

RESUMO

A cholinesterase (ChE)-based dipstick-type assay for the class-specific detection of organophosphate (OP) and carbamate (CM) pesticides was developed. The principle of the assay is based on inhibition of the activity of a ChE by these two families of pesticides, which is dependent on the concentration of pesticides. The proposed assay system is composed of a test strip with an acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-coated membrane and an enzyme substrate solution. The assay protocol involves incubation of the enzyme-coated strip in the pesticide-containing sample solution followed by incubation of the sample-treated strip in a chromogenic enzyme substrate solution. The color intensity is estimated by the naked eye or a reflectometer. Of the membranes tested as the enzyme support, Hybond N+ was the most suitable. Among the compounds tested as the enzyme substrate, indophenyl acetate was the best. The detectable concentration range of the dipstick assay for the OP and CM pesticides was 10(-6)-10(2) and 10(-6)-10(0) microg mL(-1), respectively. The sensitivity of the dipstick assay to the oxidized form of parathion (paraoxon) was higher than to parathion. The strip showed a large matrix effect with pesticide-spiked lettuce samples, whereas it showed a small matrix effect with pesticide-spiked rice samples.


Assuntos
Carbamatos/análise , Colinesterases/metabolismo , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Compostos Organofosforados/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 591(2): 183-90, 2007 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17481406

RESUMO

This study aimed at developing competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the organophosphorus (OP) insecticide fenitrothion using a monoclonal antibody. The hapten used to obtain the antibody had an ideal structural feature that allowed minimal functional group sacrifice. By using the antibody and a coating antigen, a competitive indirect ELISA was developed, which showed an IC50 of 14 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 3.0 ng mL(-1). A competitive direct ELISA using an enzyme tracer was also developed, which showed an IC50 of 17 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 1.6 ng mL(-1). The antibodies in both assays showed negligible cross-reactivity with the metabolites of fenitrothion and other OP pesticides except with the insecticides parathion-methyl and parathion-ethyl. Recoveries of fenitrothion from fortified rice and lettuce samples were determined and the bias in the recovery values was rationalized by using the standard curves obtained in the matrix extract.


Assuntos
Fenitrotion/análise , Inseticidas/análise , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Antígenos/imunologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/análise , Inibidores da Colinesterase/imunologia , Reações Cruzadas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Fenitrotion/imunologia , Haptenos/imunologia , Hemocianinas/imunologia , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre , Inseticidas/imunologia , Alface/química , Oryza/química , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/imunologia
16.
Am J Chin Med ; 34(6): 981-8, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17163587

RESUMO

We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on carrageenan-induced inflammatory model in association with peripheral and spinal COX-2 expression. EA with 2, 15 and 120 Hz, especially 2 Hz, had significant inhibitory effects on the developing of edema and hyperalgesia, which was measured in 30-min intervals after carrageenan injection. Therefore, we investigated whether the effect of 2 Hz EA on carrageenan-induced edema and hyperalgesia is associated with peripheral and spinal expression of inflammatory proteins. The expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, COX-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was inhibited by 2 Hz EA in carrageenan-injected rat paws. Interestingly, we found that the mRNA of COX-1 and COX-2 expression in the spine was not induced by 2 Hz EA treatment after carrageenan-induced peripheral inflammation. In addition, synthesis of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) was partially inhibited by 2 Hz EA treatment in both peripheral and spinal nociceptive regions. In conclusion, EA treatment might be a useful therapy for mitigation of inflammatory edema and hyperalgesia through regulation of COX-2 expression in both peripheral and central nociceptive sites.


Assuntos
Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Edema/prevenção & controle , Eletroacupuntura , Hiperalgesia/prevenção & controle , Animais , Carragenina/administração & dosagem , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Edema/etiologia , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/complicações , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal/metabolismo
17.
Oncol Rep ; 14(2): 475-80, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16012733

RESUMO

Chan Su is a traditional Chinese medicine prepared from the dried white secretion of the auricular and skin glands of toads, and has been used as an Oriental drug. However, little is known about the effect of Chan Su on the growth of human cancer cells. This study was undertaken to investigate the underlying mechanism of Chan Su-induced apoptosis in a human bladder carcinoma cell line, T24. The effects of this compound were also tested on cyclooxygenase (COX) activity. Treatment of T24 cells with Chan Su resulted in the inhibition of viability and induction of apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner, which was proved by trypan blue counts, DAPI staining, agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometric analysis. Apoptosis of T24 cells by Chan Su was associated with a down-regulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(S/L) expression and an up-regulation of pro-apoptotic Bax expression. Chan Su treatment induced the proteolytic activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9, and a concomitant degradation of poly(ADP-ribose)-polymerase and beta-catenin protein. Furthermore, Chan Su decreased the levels of COX-2 mRNA and protein expression without significant changes in the levels of COX-1, which was correlated with an inhibition in prostaglandin E(2) synthesis. Taken together, these findings partially provide novel insights into the possible molecular mechanisms of the anti-cancer activity of Chan Su.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Bufanolídeos/farmacologia , Venenos de Anfíbios/farmacologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1 , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas , Proteínas de Membrana , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Prostaglandina-Endoperóxido Sintases/genética , Prostaglandina-Endoperóxido Sintases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transativadores/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Proteína bcl-X , beta Catenina
18.
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol ; 289(2): C425-36, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15800051

RESUMO

The action of cytochalasins, actin-disrupting agents on human Kv1.5 channel (hKv1.5) stably expressed in Ltk(-) cells was investigated using the whole cell patch-clamp technique. Cytochalasin B inhibited hKv1.5 currents rapidly and reversibly at +60 mV in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC(50) of 4.2 microM. Cytochalasin A, which has a structure very similar to cytochalasin B, inhibited hKv1.5 (IC(50) of 1.4 microM at +60 mV). Pretreatment with other actin filament disruptors cytochalasin D and cytochalasin J, and an actin filament stabilizing agent phalloidin had no effect on the cytochalasin B-induced inhibition of hKv1.5 currents. Cytochalasin B accelerated the decay rate of inactivation for the hKv1.5 currents. Cytochalasin B-induced inhibition of the hKv1.5 channels was voltage dependent with a steep increase over the voltage range of the channel's opening. However, the inhibition exhibited voltage independence over the voltage range in which channels are fully activated. Cytochalasin B produced no significant effect on the steady-state activation or inactivation curves. The rate constants for association and dissociation of cytochalasin B were 3.7 microM/s and 7.5 s(-1), respectively. Cytochalasin B produced a use-dependent inhibition of hKv1.5 current that was consistent with the slow recovery from inactivation in the presence of the drug. Cytochalasin B (10 microM) also inhibited an ultrarapid delayed rectifier K(+) current (I(K,ur)) in human atrial myocytes. These results indicate that cytochalasin B primarily blocks activated hKv1.5 channels and endogenous I(K,ur) in a cytoskeleton-independent manner as an open-channel blocker.


Assuntos
Actinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocalasinas/farmacologia , Canais de Potássio de Abertura Dependente da Tensão da Membrana/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Canal de Potássio Kv1.5 , Potenciais da Membrana/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Canais de Potássio de Abertura Dependente da Tensão da Membrana/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Transfecção
19.
Pharmacol Res ; 51(5): 437-43, 2005 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15749458

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of aqueous extract from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum (AEPG) on the cell growth and apoptosis in human lung carcinoma cell line A549. Exposure of A549 cells to AEPG resulted in growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner as measured by hemocytometer counts, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry analysis. This increase in apoptosis was associated with a decrease in Bcl-2 expression, an increase of Bax and an activation of caspase-3. AEPG treatment markedly inhibited the activity of telomerase in a dose-dependent fashion. Additionally, the expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), a main determinant of the telomerase enzymatic activity, was progressively down-regulated by AEPG treatment. These findings suggest that the apoptotic events by AEPG were associated with the diminished telomerase activity and down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Platycodon , Telomerase/antagonistas & inibidores , Caspase 3 , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Regulação para Baixo , Ativação Enzimática , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Telomerase/biossíntese , Telomerase/genética , Água
20.
Oncol Rep ; 11(2): 441-6, 2004 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14719081

RESUMO

Resveratrol, which is found in grapes and wine, has been reported to have a variety of important pharmacological effects including anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet, and anti-carcinogenetic properties. In this study, using the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7, we have analyzed a possible mechanism by which resveratrol could interfere with cell cycle control and induce cell death. Resveratrol treatment of MCF-7 cells resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of the cell growth and the cells accumulated at the S phase transition of the cell cycle at low concentrations, but high concentrations do not induce S phase accumulation. The anti-proliferative effects of resveratrol were associated with a marked inhibition of cyclin D and cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) 4 proteins, and induction of p53 and Cdk inhibitor p21WAF1/CIP. Growth suppression by resveratrol was also due to apoptosis, as seen by the appearance of a sub-G1 fraction and chromatin condensation. In addition, the apoptotic process involves activation of caspase-9, a decrease of Bcl-2 as well as Bcl-XL levels, and an increase of Bax levels.


Assuntos
Anticarcinógenos/toxicidade , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Estilbenos/toxicidade , Neoplasias da Mama , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Primers do DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Fitoterapia , Resveratrol , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Vitis , Vinho
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