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1.
Oncogene ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616059

RESUMO

Targeting Notch signaling has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), particularly in NOTCH1-mutated patients. We provide first evidence that the Notch ligand DLL4 is a potent stimulator of Notch signaling in NOTCH1-mutated CLL cells while increases cell proliferation. Importantly, DLL4 is expressed in histiocytes from the lymph node, both in NOTCH1-mutated and -unmutated cases. We also show that the DLL4-induced activation of the Notch signaling pathway can be efficiently blocked with the specific anti-Notch1 antibody OMP-52M51. Accordingly, OMP-52M51 also reverses Notch-induced MYC, CCND1, and NPM1 gene expression as well as cell proliferation in NOTCH1-mutated CLL cells. In addition, DLL4 stimulation triggers the expression of protumor target genes, such as CXCR4, NRARP, and VEGFA, together with an increase in cell migration and angiogenesis. All these events can be antagonized by OMP-52M51. Collectively, our results emphasize the role of DLL4 stimulation in NOTCH1-mutated CLL and confirm the specific therapeutic targeting of Notch1 as a promising approach for this group of poor prognosis CLL patients.

2.
Int J Cancer ; 144(11): 2762-2773, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468254

RESUMO

The Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib has been shown to be highly effective in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and is approved for CLL treatment. Unfortunately, resistance and intolerance to ibrutinib has been observed in several studies, opening the door for more specific BTK inhibitors. CC-292 (spebrutinib) is a BTK inhibitor with increased specificity for BTK and less inhibition of other kinases. Our in vitro studies showed that CC-292 potently inhibited B-cell receptor signaling, activation, proliferation and chemotaxis of CLL cells. In in vivo studies using the adoptive transfer TCL1 mouse model of CLL, CC-292 reduced tumor load and normalized tumor-associated expansion of T cells and monocytes, while not affecting T cell function. Importantly, the combination of CC-292 and bendamustine impaired CLL cell proliferation in vivo and enhanced the control of CLL progression. Our results demonstrate that CC-292 is a specific BTK inhibitor with promising performance in combination with bendamustine in CLL. Further clinical trials are warranted to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of this combination regimen.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/farmacologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Acrilamidas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/uso terapêutico , Medula Óssea/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/sangue , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cultura Primária de Células , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
Expert Opin Drug Discov ; 12(10): 1041-1052, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28776453

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Next generation sequencing has provided a comprehensive understanding of the mutational landscape in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and new drivers have been identified. Some of these drivers could be pharmacologically targeted to choose the most effective personalized therapy in each CLL patient. Areas covered: In this article, the authors uncover the potential role of new targeted therapies against the most recurrent mutations in CLL as well as the recently approved therapies. The authors also provide their expert opinion and give their perspectives for the future. Expert opinion: The development of more personalized therapies is of interest to clinicians as a system to enhance the duration of treatment response and to extend the survival and quality of life of CLL patients. The main challenge, however, will be to translate the preclinical results into the clinics. Therefore, the designing and execution of clinical trials focused on molecular drivers are the need of the hour.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Desenho de Drogas , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Mutação , Medicina de Precisão , Qualidade de Vida , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Oncotarget ; 7(5): 5507-20, 2016 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26701728

RESUMO

Clinical responses to bendamustine in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are highly heterogeneous and no specific markers to predict sensitivity to this drug have been reported. In order to identify biomarkers of response, we analyzed the in vitro activity of bendamustine and the gene expression profile in primary CLL cells. We observed that mRNA expression of CD69 (CD69) and ITGAM (CD11b) constitute the most powerful predictor of response to bendamustine. When we interrogated the predictive value of the corresponding cell surface proteins, the expression of the activation marker CD69 was the most reliable predictor of sensitivity to bendamustine. Importantly, a multivariate analysis revealed that the predictive value of CD69 expression was independent from other clinico-biological CLL features. We also showed that when CLL cells were co-cultured with distinct subtypes of stromal cells, an upregulation of CD69 was accompanied by a reduced sensitivity to bendamustine. In agreement with this, tumor cells derived from lymphoid tumor niches harbored higher CD69 expression and were less sensitive to bendamustine than their peripheral blood counterparts. Furthermore, pretreatment of CD69 high CLL cases with the B-cell receptor (BCR) pathway inhibitors ibrutinib and idelalisib decreased CD69 levels and enhanced bendamustine cytotoxic effect. Collectively, our findings indicate that CD69 could be a predictor of bendamustine response in CLL patients and the combination of clinically-tested BCR signaling inhibitors with bendamustine may represent a promising strategy for bendamustine low responsive CLL cases.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/farmacologia , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Purinas/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/genética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
5.
Oncotarget ; 6(25): 21159-72, 2015 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26110568

RESUMO

Acadesine is a nucleoside analogue with known activity against B-cell malignancies. Herein, we showed that in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cells acadesine induced caspase-dependent apoptosis through turning on the mitochondrial apoptotic machinery. At the molecular level, the compound triggered the activation of the AMPK pathway, consequently modulating known downstream targets, such as mTOR and the cell motility-related vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP). VASP phosphorylation by acadesine was concomitant with a blockade of CXCL12-induced migration. The inhibition of the mTOR cascade by acadesine, committed MCL cells to enter in apoptosis by a translational downregulation of the antiapoptotic Mcl-1 protein. In contrast, Bcl-2 protein levels were unaffected by acadesine and MCL samples expressing high levels of Bcl-2 tended to have a reduced response to the drug. Targeting Bcl-2 with the selective BH3-mimetic agent ABT-199 sensitized Bcl-2high MCL cells to acadesine. This effect was validated in vivo, where the combination of both agents displayed a more marked inhibition of tumor outgrowth than each drug alone. These findings support the notions that antiapoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family regulate MCL cell sensitivity to acadesine and that the combination of this agent with Bcl-2 inhibitors might be an interesting therapeutic option to treat MCL patients.


Assuntos
Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/análogos & derivados , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/administração & dosagem , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ribonucleosídeos/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Actinas/química , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Quimiotaxia , Regulação para Baixo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Transplante de Neoplasias
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