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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(9): 4401-4410, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998356

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive disease with high relapse rates and few treatment options. Outlined in previous publications, we identified a series of potent, dual TTK/CLK2 inhibitors with strong efficacy in TNBC xenograft models. Pharmacokinetic properties and kinome selectivity were optimized, resulting in the identification of a new series of potent, selective, and orally bioavailable TTK inhibitors. We describe here the structure-activity relationship of the 2,4-disubstituted-7 H-pyrrolo[2,3- d]pyrimidine series, leading to significant single agent efficacy in a TNBC xenograft model without body weight loss. The design effort evolving an iv-dosed TTK/CLK2 inhibitor to an orally bioavailable TTK inhibitor is described.

2.
J Med Chem ; 60(21): 8989-9002, 2017 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28991472

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains a serious unmet medical need with discouragingly high relapse rates. We report here the synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) of a novel series of 2,4,5-trisubstituted-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines with potent activity against TNBC tumor cell lines. These compounds were discovered from a TNBC phenotypic screen and possess a unique dual inhibition profile targeting TTK (mitotic exit) and CLK2 (mRNA splicing). Design and optimization, driven with a TNBC tumor cell assay, identified potent and selective compounds with favorable in vitro and in vivo activity profiles and good iv PK properties. This cell-based driven SAR produced compounds with strong single agent in vivo efficacy in multiple TNBC xenograft models without significant body weight loss. These data supported the nomination of CC-671 into IND-enabling studies as a single agent TNBC therapy.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Camundongos , Mitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Processamento de RNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/enzimologia
3.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 25(14): 3649-3657, 2017 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28528082

RESUMO

A potent, in vivo efficacious 11ß hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11ß HSD1) inhibitor (11j) has been identified. Compound 11j inhibited 11ß HSD1 activity in human adipocytes with an IC50 of 4.3nM and in primary human adipose tissue with an IC80 of 53nM. Oral administration of 11j to cynomolgus monkey inhibited 11ß HSD1 activity in adipose tissue. Compound 11j exhibited >1000× selectivity over other hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases, displays desirable pharmacodynamic properties and entered human clinical trials in 2011.


Assuntos
11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Oxazinas/química , Piridonas/química , 11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Administração Oral , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Células Cultivadas , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Meia-Vida , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Macaca fascicularis , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Oxazinas/administração & dosagem , Oxazinas/farmacocinética , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Piridonas/farmacocinética , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 26(20): 5044-5050, 2016 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27599745

RESUMO

Liver X receptor (LXR) agonists have been reported to lower brain amyloid beta (Aß) and thus to have potential for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Structure and property based design led to the discovery of a series of orally bioavailable, brain penetrant LXR agonists. Oral administration of compound 18 to rats resulted in significant upregulation of the expression of the LXR target gene ABCA1 in brain tissue, but no significant effect on Aß levels was detected.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Receptores X do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Regulação para Cima
5.
J Med Chem ; 59(7): 3264-71, 2016 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26990539

RESUMO

This article describes the application of Contour to the design and discovery of a novel, potent, orally efficacious liver X receptor ß (LXRß) agonist (17). Contour technology is a structure-based drug design platform that generates molecules using a context perceptive growth algorithm guided by a contact sensitive scoring function. The growth engine uses binding site perception and programmable growth capability to create drug-like molecules by assembling fragments that naturally complement hydrophilic and hydrophobic features of the protein binding site. Starting with a crystal structure of LXRß and a docked 2-(methylsulfonyl)benzyl alcohol fragment (6), Contour was used to design agonists containing a piperazine core. Compound 17 binds to LXRß with high affinity and to LXRα to a lesser extent, and induces the expression of LXR target genes in vitro and in vivo. This molecule served as a starting point for further optimization and generation of a candidate which is currently in human clinical trials for treating atopic dermatitis.


Assuntos
Benzilaminas/química , Desenho de Drogas , Descoberta de Drogas , Receptores Nucleares Órfãos/agonistas , Piperazinas/química , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/metabolismo , Sulfonas/química , Sulfonas/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 24(6): 1384-91, 2016 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26897089

RESUMO

Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists continue to be a prevalent area of research in the pharmaceutical industry. Herein we report the discovery of various spirooxindole and dibenzoxazepine constructs as potent MR antagonists. SAR analysis of our spirooxindole hit led to highly potent compounds containing polar solubilizing groups, which interact with the helix-11 region of the MR ligand binding domain (LBD). Various dibenzoxazepine moieties were also prepared in an effort to replace a known dibenzoxepane system which interacts with the hydrophobic region of the MR LBD. In addition, an X-ray crystal structure was obtained from a highly potent compound which was shown to exhibit both partial agonist and antagonist modes of action against MR.


Assuntos
Dibenzoxazepinas/farmacologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/farmacologia , Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/metabolismo , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Dibenzoxazepinas/síntese química , Dibenzoxazepinas/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/química , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/síntese química , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
J Med Chem ; 58(19): 7775-84, 2015 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26359680

RESUMO

In search for prodrugs to address the issue of pH-dependent solubility and exposure associated with 1 (BMS-582949), a previously disclosed phase II clinical p38α MAP kinase inhibitor, a structurally novel clinical prodrug, 2 (BMS-751324), featuring a carbamoylmethylene linked promoiety containing hydroxyphenyl acetic acid (HPA) derived ester and phosphate functionalities, was identified. Prodrug 2 was not only stable but also water-soluble under both acidic and neutral conditions. It was effectively bioconverted into parent drug 1 in vivo by alkaline phosphatase and esterase in a stepwise manner, providing higher exposure of 1 compared to its direct administration, especially within higher dose ranges. In a rat LPS-induced TNFα pharmacodynamic model and a rat adjuvant arthritis model, 2 demonstrated similar efficacy to 1. Most importantly, it was shown in clinical studies that prodrug 2 was indeed effective in addressing the pH-dependent absorption issue associated with 1.


Assuntos
Organofosfatos/farmacologia , Fenilacetatos/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Estrutura Molecular , Organofosfatos/química , Fenilacetatos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 24(9): 2206-11, 2014 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24685542

RESUMO

Investigation of various heterocyclic core isosteres of imidazopyrazines 1 & 2 yielded purine derivatives 3 & 8 as potent and selective BTK inhibitors. Subsequent SAR studies of the purine series led to the discovery of 20 as a leading compound. Compound 20 is very selective when screened against a panel of 400 kinases and is a potent inhibitor in cellular assays of human B cell function including B-Cell proliferation and CD86 cell surface expression and exhibited in vivo efficacy in a mouse PCA model. Its X-ray co-crystal structure with BTK shows that the high selectivity is gained from filling a BTK specific lipophilic pocket. However, physical and ADME properties leading to low oral exposure hindered further development.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Purinas/química , Purinas/farmacologia , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/enzimologia , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Anafilaxia Cutânea Passiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos
9.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(14): 4120-6, 2013 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23746475

RESUMO

A novel series of p38 MAP kinase inhibitors with high selectivity for the p38α isoform over the other family members including the highly homologous p38ß isoform has been identified. X-ray co-crystallographic studies have revealed an unprecedented kinase binding mode in p38α for representative analogs, 5c and 9d, in which a Leu108/Met109 peptide flip occurs within the p38α hinge region. Based on these findings, a general strategy for the rational design of additional promising p38α isoform selective inhibitors by targeting this novel binding mode is proposed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(10): 3028-33, 2013 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23578688

RESUMO

A series of carbamoylmethylene linked prodrugs of 1 (BMS-582949), a clinical p38α inhibitor, were synthesized and evaluated. Though the phosphoryloxymethylene carbamates (3, 4, and 5) and α-aminoacyloxymethylene carbamates (22, 23, and 26) were found unstable at neutral pH values, fumaric acid derived acyloxymethylene carbamates (2, 28, and 31) were highly stable under both acidic and neutral conditions. Prodrugs 2 and 31 were also highly soluble at both acidic and neutral pH values. At a solution dose of 14.2mpk (equivalent to 10mpk of 1), 2 gave essentially the same exposure of 1 compared to dosing 10mpk of 1 itself. At a suspension dose of 142mpk (equivalent to 100mpk of 1), 2 demonstrated that it could overcome the solubility issue associated with 1 and provide a much higher exposure of 1. To our knowledge, the unique type of prodrugs like 2, 28, and 31 was not reported in the past and could represent a novel prodrug approach for secondary amides, a class of molecules frequently identified as drug candidates.


Assuntos
Dacarbazina/análogos & derivados , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirróis/farmacologia , Triazinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Dacarbazina/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Pró-Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirróis/administração & dosagem , Pirróis/síntese química , Ratos , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Temperatura Ambiente , Triazinas/administração & dosagem , Triazinas/síntese química , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
11.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 21(15): 4633-7, 2011 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21705217
12.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(23): 6886-9, 2010 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21035336

RESUMO

The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of p38α MAP kinase inhibitors based on a 5-amino-pyrazole scaffold are described. These studies led to the identification of compound 2j as a potent and selective inhibitor of p38α MAP kinase with excellent cellular potency toward the inhibition of TNFα production. Compound 2j was highly efficacious in vivo in inhibiting TNFα production in an acute murine model of TNFα production. X-ray co-crystallography of a 5-amino-pyrazole analog 2f bound to unphosphorylated p38α is also disclosed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Camundongos , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(22): 6725-9, 2010 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20864344

RESUMO

Synthesis of 2-adamantyl carbamate derivatives of piperidines and pyrrolidines led to the discovery of 9a with an IC(50) of 15.2 nM against human 11ß-HSD1 in adipocytes. Optimization for increased adipocyte potency, metabolic stability and selectivity afforded 11k and 11l, both of which were >25% orally bioavailable in rat.


Assuntos
11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Adamantano/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Adamantano/química , Animais , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Modelos Moleculares , Ratos
14.
J Med Chem ; 53(18): 6629-39, 2010 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20804198

RESUMO

The discovery and characterization of 7k (BMS-582949), a highly selective p38α MAP kinase inhibitor that is currently in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, is described. A key to the discovery was the rational substitution of N-cyclopropyl for N-methoxy in 1a, a previously reported clinical candidate p38α inhibitor. Unlike alkyl and other cycloalkyls, the sp(2) character of the cyclopropyl group can confer improved H-bonding characteristics to the directly substituted amide NH. Inhibitor 7k is slightly less active than 1a in the p38α enzymatic assay but displays a superior pharmacokinetic profile and, as such, was more effective in both the acute murine model of inflammation and pseudoestablished rat AA model. The binding mode of 7k with p38α was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células CACO-2 , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
15.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(19): 5864-8, 2010 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20732813

RESUMO

The design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of 2-aminothiazol-5-yl-pyrimidines as novel p38α MAP kinase inhibitors are described. These efforts led to the identification of 41 as a potent p38α inhibitor that utilizes a unique nitrogen-sulfur intramolecular nonbonding interaction to stabilize the conformation required for binding to the p38α active site. X-ray crystallographic studies that confirm the proposed binding mode of this class of inhibitors in p38 α and provide evidence for the proposed intramolecular nitrogen-sulfur interaction are discussed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Nitrogênio/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Enxofre/química , Tiazóis/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/farmacologia
16.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(8): 2739-44, 2008 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18364256

RESUMO

A novel series of compounds based on the pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine ring system have been identified as potent p38 alpha MAP kinase inhibitors. The synthesis, structure-activity relationships (SAR), and in vivo activity of selected analogs from this class of inhibitors are reported. Additional studies based on X-ray co-crystallography have revealed that one of the potent inhibitors from this series binds to the DFG-out conformation of the p38 alpha enzyme.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirróis/química , Triazinas/síntese química , Triazinas/farmacologia , Amidas/química , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(8): 2652-7, 2008 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18359226

RESUMO

The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of p38 alpha MAP kinase inhibitors based on a pyrazolo-pyrimidine scaffold are described. These studies led to the identification of compound 2x as a potent and selective inhibitor of p38 alpha MAP kinase with excellent cellular potency toward the inhibition of TNFalpha production. Compound 2x was highly efficacious in vivo in inhibiting TNFalpha production in an acute murine model of TNFalpha production. X-ray co-crystallography of a pyrazolo-pyrimidine analog 2b bound to unphosphorylated p38 alpha is also disclosed.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/química
18.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1762-7, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18313298
19.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1874-9, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18296051

RESUMO

Rational design, synthesis, and SAR studies of a novel class of benzothiazole based inhibitors of p38alpha MAP kinase are described. The issue of metabolic instability associated with vicinal phenyl, benzo[d]thiazol-6-yl oxazoles/imidazoles was addressed by the replacement of the central oxazole or imidazole ring with an aminopyrazole system. The proposed binding mode of this new class of p38alpha inhibitors was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic studies of a representative inhibitor (6a) bound to the p38alpha enzyme.


Assuntos
Benzotiazóis/química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas/enzimologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Microssomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos/enzimologia , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
20.
J Med Chem ; 51(1): 4-16, 2008 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18072718

RESUMO

A novel structural class of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitors consisting of substituted 4-(phenylamino)-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazines has been discovered. An initial subdeck screen revealed that the oxindole-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine lead 2a displayed potent enzyme inhibition (IC 50 60 nM) and was active in a cell-based TNFalpha biosynthesis inhibition assay (IC 50 210 nM). Replacement of the C4 oxindole with 2-methyl-5- N-methoxybenzamide aniline 9 gave a compound with superior p38 kinase inhibition (IC 50 10 nM) and moderately improved functional inhibition in THP-1 cells. Further replacement of the C6 ester of the pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine with amides afforded compounds with increased potency, excellent oral bioavailability, and robust efficacy in a murine model of acute inflammation (murine LPS-TNFalpha). In rodent disease models of chronic inflammation, multiple compounds demonstrated significant inhibition of disease progression leading to the advancement of 2 compounds 11b and 11j into further preclinical and toxicological studies.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
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