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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(2): 134-153, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer with a poor prognosis. Previous studies revealed that the tumor microenvironment (TME) plays an important role in HCC progression, recurrence, and metastasis, leading to poor prognosis. However, the effects of genes involved in TME on the prognosis of HCC patients remain unclear. Here, we investigated the HCC microenvironment to identify prognostic genes for HCC. AIM: To identify a robust gene signature associated with the HCC microenvironment to improve prognosis prediction of HCC. METHODS: We computed the immune/stromal scores of HCC patients obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas based on the ESTIMATE algorithm. Additionally, a risk score model was established based on Differentially Expressed Genes (DEGs) between high- and low-immune/stromal score patients. RESULTS: The risk score model consisting of eight genes was constructed and validated in the HCC patients. The patients were divided into high- or low-risk groups. The genes (Disabled homolog 2, Musculin, C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8, Galectin 3, B-cell-activating transcription factor, Killer cell lectin like receptor B1, Endoglin and adenomatosis polyposis coli tumor suppressor) involved in our risk score model were considered to be potential immunotherapy targets, and they may provide better performance in combination. Functional enrichment analysis showed that the immune response and T cell receptor signaling pathway represented the major function and pathway, respectively, related to the immune-related genes in the DEGs between high- and low-risk groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis confirmed the good potency of the risk score prognostic model. Moreover, we validated the risk score model using the International Cancer Genome Consortium and the Gene Expression Omnibus database. A nomogram was established to predict the overall survival of HCC patients. CONCLUSION: The risk score model and the nomogram will benefit HCC patients through personalized immunotherapy.

2.
Environ Pollut ; 256: 113453, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672349

RESUMO

Eutrophic freshwater lake ecosystems are receiving increasing public attention due to a global increase in large-scale harmful cyanobacterial blooms in surface waters. However, the contribution of phytodetritus accumulation in benthic sediments post-bloom remains unclear. In this study, field investigations were performed using microsensors to evaluate benthic phytodetritus mats by measuring TOC/TN ratios, pigments, biodegradable compounds and odorants as descriptive parameters. Results show that the massive amount of phytodetritus trapped by aquatic plants gradually evolved into benthic cyanobacterial detritus mats, which were characterized as anoxic, reductive and low pH. It was confirmed that the occurrence of odorants is more serious in the detritus mats due to decay and decomposition of the accumulated phytodetritus. The mean odorant content in the vegetated zones was 3-52 times higher than that in the unvegetated zones. The dominant odorants were dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS), ß-ionone and ß-cyclocitral, with mean contents of 52.38 ng·(g·dw)-1, 162.20 ng·(g·dw)-1 and 307.51 ng·(g·dw)-1, respectively, in the sediment. In addition, odorant production appears to be associated with the distribution of biodegradable compounds in the sediment. This is supported by the marked correlation observed between biodegradable compounds and odorants. Multiple regression analysis showed that biodegradable compounds can be used as indicators to predict odorant content in the sediment. It is noteworthy that the odorant trend in the water column and sediment is symmetrical, indicating a risk of diffusion from the sediment to the water column. This study helps to clarifying the contributions of benthic cyanobacterial detritus mats to odorant production in shallow eutrophic lakes. The information provided herein may also be useful for future management of aquatic ecosystems.

3.
Biomaterials ; 230: 119670, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837822

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) ultrathin nanomaterials have shown extensive attention and potential biomedical applications in cancer theranostics. Herein, for the first time, we report the synthesis of monodisperse ultrathin lanthanum oxyiodide (LaOI) nanosheets with a thickness of merely 3 nm based on a facile wet chemistry strategy. By tuning the solvent composition and molar ratios of the precursors, we can modulate the shape and thickness of the nanosheets. Furthermore, a series of ultrathin lanthanide oxyiodides are synthesized by this method with tunable morphology. LaOI nanosheets as drug delivery platform showed ultrahigh anticancer doxorubicin (DOX) loading capacity (300 wt%) and pH-responsive release behaviour, as well as excellent cellular biocompatibility and efficiently intracellular nucleus delivery of DOX. LaOI with low dose DOX demonstrate enhanced cancer cell killing ability in vitro compared with DOX. The intravenous melanoma model shows that LaOI with low dose (1 mg mL-1) could significantly inhibit the tumor growth without side toxicity, relative to pure DOX. In addition, LaOI nanosheets also act as high resolution contrast agent for enhanced X-ray computed tomography imaging relative to the commercial iohexol. In summary, the LaOI nanosheets could serve as a competitive safe and low dose drug delivery platform for highly efficiently cancer imaging and therapy.

4.
Surg Endosc ; 34(2): 501-509, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although robotic surgery is popular around the world, its safety and efficacy over classical open surgery is still controversial. The purpose of this article is to compare the safety and efficacy of robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy (RPD) and open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD). METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library database up to July 29, 2018 was performed and the meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.2 software with Fixed and random effects models applied. The IRB approval and written consent were not needed for this paper. RESULTS: Twelve non-randomized retrospective studies and 1 non-randomized prospective study consisting of 2403 patients were included in this meta-analysis. There were 788 (33%) patients in the RPD group and 1615 (67%) patients in the OPD group. Although RPD was associated with a longer operative time (weighted mean difference [WMD]: 71.74 min; 95% CI 23.37-120.12; p = 0.004), patient might benefit from less blood loss (WMD: - 374.03 ml; 95% CI - 506.84 to - 241.21; p < 0.00001), shorter length of stay (WMD: - 5.19 day; 95% CI - 8.42 to - 1.97; p = 0.002), and lower wound infection rate (odds ratio: 0.17; 95% CI 0.04-0.80; p = 0.02). No statistically significant difference was observed in positive margin rate, lymph nodes harvested, postoperative complications, reoperation or readmission rate, and mortality rate. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy is a safe and feasible alternative to open pancreaticoduodenectomy with regard to short-term outcomes. Further studies on the long-term outcomes of these surgical techniques are needed.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839998

RESUMO

Dysregulation of dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) expression has been reported in a variety of human cancers. We previously reported that DKK1 was upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of DKK1 in HCC remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the clinical significance and biological functions of DKK1 in HCC. The expression of DKK1 was examined in cirrhotic and HCC tissues by immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). DKK1 was silenced or overexpressed in HCC cell lines, and in vitro and in vivo studies were performed. Immunohistochemistry revealed that DKK1 was weakly expressed in cirrhotic tissues (8/22, 36.4%) but upregulated in HCC tissues (48/53, 90.6%, cohort 1). Significant upregulation of DKK1 was observed in 57.6% (19/33, cohort 2) of HCC tissues by qRT-PCR, and the expression of DKK1 was associated with tumor size (P = 0.024) and tumor number (P = 0.019). Genetic depletion of DKK1 impaired the proliferation, colony-forming ability, invasion, and tumor formation of HCC cells (HepG2 and HUH-7). Conversely, forced expression of DKK1 increased the proliferation, colony-forming ability, and invasion of HepG2 and HUH-7 cells in vitro and enhanced tumor formation in vivo. Subsequent investigation revealed that the DKK1-mediated proliferation and tumorigenicity of HepG2 and HUH-7 cells is dependent on the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. These findings indicate that DKK1 plays an oncogenic role in HCC by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

6.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1185: 347-352, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884636

RESUMO

To investigate whether intravitreal injection of amyloid ß1-42 (Aß1-42) activates the complement system and induces retinal inflammatory responses and malfunction, Aß1-42 was applied intravitreally in mice. The expressions of key components of complement system were determined by real-time PCR. Retinal function was assessed by electroretinography. We found interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in Aß1-42 treated mice retinas increased from day 1 to day 7. Compared with control group, mRNA expression of C1qa and C3 in the Aß1-42 treated retinas increased at days 1 and 7. The level of CFB, CFD, or CFH increased at day 4 and day 7. Regulator of membrane attack complex (MAC), CD59a, increased from day 1 to day 7. The expression of the main complement components in Aß1-42 treated eyes increased at days 4 and 7. Therefore, our results suggested that exogenous Aß1-42 activated CP and AP of the complement system in mice retinas, induced retinal inflammatory responses, and caused retinal malfunction.

7.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm ; 34(9): 581-588, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697592

RESUMO

Background: Glioblastoma is one of the most malignant tumors in the brain with high mortality. In recent years, immunotherapy and targeted therapy show great prospects in the treatments for glioblastoma, whereas more effective therapeutic targets are still urgently needed to be developed. Nucleobindin-2 (NUCB2) is the precursor protein of nesfatin-1, which have a variety of metabolic functions, such as food intake and temperature regulation. In recent years, the potential link between NUCB2 and the development of multiple cancer was gradually revealed; however, the effects of NUCB2 on the progression of glioblastoma are still unclear. Methods: Immunohistochemical assays were performed to explore the NUCB2 expression levels in 94 samples of glioblastoma and corresponding nontumor tissues; patients were divided into NUCB2 high expression group and low expression group. Clinical analysis related to the clinical features, the potential link between NUCB2 expression levels, and clinical features were analyzed; the effects of NUCB2 on cell proliferation and invasion of glioblastoma were detected through colony formation and MTT assay, and transwell assay respectively. The possible effects of NUCB2 on tumor growth and metastasis were measured in mice. Results: In this study, we demonstrated that NUCB2 over-expression was correlated with the high degree of recurrence of patients with glioblastoma. Further, we also revealed that NUCB2 promoted cell proliferation and invasion of glioblastoma in vitro and promoted the growth and metastasis of glioblastoma in mice. Conclusion: This study provided evidence that NUCB2 might be a novel therapeutic target of glioblastoma.

9.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702885

RESUMO

The simultaneous therapy of tumors and bone defects resulting from tumor surgery is still a challenge in clinical orthopedics. Few nanomaterial systems simultaneously possess multifunctional capacities, including biodegradability, tumor treatment, and enhanced bone regeneration. Herein, we designed a biodegradable monodispersed bioactive glass nanoparticle (BGN) platform with multifunctional properties for enhanced colon cancer photothermo-chemotherapy and bone repair. The mussel-inspired surface assembly with BGN was established as a stable NIR-excited photothermal nanoplatform (BGN@PDA) for ablating tumors. BGN@PDA shows an ultrahigh anticancer drug (DOX) loading with on-demand (pH/NIR-responsive) drug release behavior and antibacterial activity for enhanced tumor chemotherapy (BGN@PDA-DOX). The growth of colon cancer cells (Hct116 cells) and cervical cancer cells (HeLa cells) was significantly inhibited in vitro, and superior local anticancer efficacy could be achieved by synergic chemo-photothermal therapy in vivo. BGN@PDA underwent a gradual degradation in vivo during 60 days and showed negligible toxic side effects. Meanwhile, BGN@PDA could positively induce the osteogenesis of osteoblasts in vitro and possess excellent in vivo bone repair ability in rat cranial defects. This work presents a distinctive strategy to design a bioactive multifunctional nanoplatform for treating tumor disease-resulted bone tissue regeneration.

10.
Nano Lett ; 19(11): 7918-7926, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645103

RESUMO

Intracellular protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are a vital and yet underexploited class of therapeutic targets for their crucial roles in cellular processes and involvement in disease initiation and progression. Although some successful chemistry and nanotechnologies have been introduced into peptide PPI modulators to allow cell and tissue permeability, significant challenges remain with regard to the efficient and precise modulation of PPIs within specific cells of diseased tissues, such as solid tumors. Herein, an intratumoral transformable hierarchical framework, termed iPLF, was fabricated via a two-step self-assembly between peptides and lanthanide-doped nanocrystals. In this proof-of-concept study, using NanoEL effect, TME response, and tumor marker targeting, iPLF in vivo delivered the p53-MDM2 modulator DPMI into tumor cells and ß-catenin-Bcl9 modulator Bcl9p into tumor stem cells. This crafted programmed nanomedicine with triple-stage delivery and responsiveness accurately modulated the specific intracellular protein-protein interactions, resulting in the suppression of tumor growth and metastasis in vivo, while maintaining a highly favorable safety profile. iPLF reached the goal of accurate, potent, and hazard-free intracellular PPI modulation, thereby providing a means to improve current knowledge of PPI networks and a novel therapeutic strategy for a great variety of diseases.

11.
EXCLI J ; 18: 824-837, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645843

RESUMO

Multiple studies have revealed that the long non-coding RNA RPPH1 (Ribonuclease P RNA Component H1) is involved in disease progression of solid tumors and neurodegenerative diseases. We aimed to explore the functions of RPPH1 in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The expression of RPPH1 was examined in blood samples of AML patients and human AML cell lines including THP-1 and HL-60. The microRNAs (miRNAs) targets of RPPH1 were predicted with online tools and validated with the dual luciferase reporter assay. The malignant behaviors of AML cells with lentivirus medicated knockdown of RPPH1 and/or administration of miR-330-5p inhibitor were assessed. Cell proliferation was determined by the CCK-8 and EdU incorporation methods, and cell invasion and migration were assayed with transwell experiments. The effects of RPPH1 knockdown on in vivo tumor growth were evaluated in nude mice with xenografted THP-1 cells. RPPH1 was expressed in the AML tissues and cell lines and its high expression predicted worse overall survival in AML patients. miR-330-5p was validated to be a direct target of RPPH1. Knockdown of RPPH1 suppressed the proliferation, invasion and migration ability of human AML cells, which was partially reversed by additional administration with miR-330-5p inhibitor. RPPH1 knockdown significantly inhibited the growth of xenografted THP-1 tumor in nude mice. Our work highlights the contributions of RPPH1 in promoting AML progression through targeting miR-330-5p, and suggests that the RPPH1/miR-330-5p axis is a potential target for AML treatments.

12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1463-1468, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the transcriptional regulation of transcription factor MZF-1 on acute monocytic leukemia-related gene MLAA-34. METHODS: The effect of MZF-1 on the transcriptional activity of MLAA-34 gene promoter was analyzed by luciferase reporter gene detection system and site-directed mutation technique. The EMSA and ChIP assay were used to verify whether MZF-1 directly and specifically binds to the core region of MLAA-34 promoter. The over-expression vector and interference vector of MZF-1 were constructed to transfect U937 cells, and RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the transcription and expression changes of MLAA-34 gene. RESULTS: The transcription factor MZF-1 had a regulatory effect on MLAA-34 gene expression, and the relative luciferase activity was decreased after MZF-1 binding point mutation (P<0.01). EMSA and ChIP experiments demonstrated that MZF-1 could directly bind to MLAA-34 promoter and play a regulatory role. In the over-expression test, the increase of MZF-1 could up-regulate the expression of MLAA-34 (P<0.05). In the interference test, the decrease of MZF-1 could down-regulate the expression of MLAA-34 (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Transcription factor MZF-1 can bind to the transcriptional regulatory region on the promoter of MLAA-34 gene and promote the transcription of MLAA-34 gene in acute monocytic leukemia.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Leucemia Monocítica Aguda , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito , Humanos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Transcrição Genética
13.
Front Med ; 13(5): 610-617, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571160

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy is a novel cellular immunotherapy that is widely used to treat hematological malignancies, including acute leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Despite its remarkable clinical effects, this therapy has side effects that cannot be underestimated. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) is one of the most clinically important and potentially life-threatening toxicities. This syndrome is a systemic immune storm that involves the mass cytokines releasing by activated immune cells. This phenomenon causes multisystem damages and sometimes even death. In this study, we reported the management of a patient with recurrent and refractory multiple myeloma and three patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia who suffered CRS during CAR-T treatment. The early application of tocilizumab, an anti-IL-6 receptor antibody, according to toxicity grading and clinical manifestation is recommended especially for patients who suffer continuous hyperpyrexia, hypotensive shock, acute respiratory failure, and whose CRS toxicities deteriorated rapidly. Moreover, low doses of dexamethasone (5-10 mg/day) were used for refractory CRS not responding to tocilizumab. The effective management of the toxicities associated with CRS will bring additional survival opportunities and improve the quality of life for patients with cancer.

14.
Doc Ophthalmol ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659575

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study whether rod- and cone-driven electroretinogram (ERG) responses are altered in myopia patients. METHODS: Dark- and light-adapted ERGs were recorded from 57 myopic eyes of 32 patients aged 22-30 and 19 emmetropic eyes of 10 age-matched normal subjects. The myopic eyes were divided into 3 groups according to spherical equivalent (SE) of manifest refraction: 18 low myopia eyes (≤ - 3.00 diopter (D), 23 moderate myopia eyes (- 3.25 to - 6.00 D), and 16 high myopia eyes (> - 6.25 D). The amplitudes of the dark- and light-adapted ERG a- and b-waves, as well as the frequency spectra of the cone-driven and rod-driven oscillatory potentials (OPs), were analyzed by fast Fourier transform. The peak frequency, implicit time, and total power of the OPs were determined. The axial length was measured with an IOL Master. The ERG parameters including those of the cone- and rod-driven OPs were compared among three groups. RESULTS: The amplitudes of the a-wave and b-wave of the dark-adapted ERGs were increased with refractive power (P < 0.05). Interestingly, the average peak frequency of the rod-driven OPs showed a significant positive correlation with refractive power (P < 0.001): 123.41 ± 9.13 Hz in emmetropic controls, 129.12 ± 10.28 Hz in low myopia, 133.90 ± 9.13 Hz in moderate myopia, and 139.51 ± 5.78 Hz in high myopia. However, the parameters of the light-adapted ERGs and the cone-driven OPs in myopic eyes were within normal ranges. CONCLUSION: We found significant positive correlation between the peak frequency of rod-driven OPs, as well as the amplitudes of rod-driven ERG a- and b-waves, and the refractive power. The results suggest that the rod system function was changing during the progress of myopia, while the cone system function appeared unaffected. The peak frequency of OPs appeared as a novel ERG parameter for myopia, a common ocular condition.

15.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 276(12): 3425-3434, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511971

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The role of lymph node ratio (LNR, ratio of metastatic to examined nodes) in the staging of multiple human malignancies has been reported. We aim to evaluate its value in salivary gland cancer (SGC). METHODS: Records of SGC patients from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (SEER, training set, N = 4262) and Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC, validating set, N = 154) were analyzed for the prognostic value of LNR. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates, the Log-rank χ2 test and Cox proportional hazards model were used for univariate and multivariate analysis. Optimal LNR cutoff points were identified by X-tile. RESULTS: Optimal LNR cutoff points classified patients into four risk groups, R0, R1 (≤ 0.17), R2 (0.17-0.56) and R3 (> 0.56), corresponding to 5-year cause-specific survival in SEER patients of 88.6%, 57.2%, 53.1% and 39.7%, disease-free survival in FUSCC patients of 69.2%, 63.3%, 34.6% and 0%, and disease-specific survival in FUSCC patients of 92.3%, 90.0%, 71.4% and 0%, respectively. Compared with TNM staging, TNM + R staging showed smaller AIC values and higher C-index values in the Cox regression model in both patient sets. CONCLUSIONS: LNR classification should be considered as a complementary system to TNM staging and LNR classification based clinical trials deserve further research.

16.
ACS Nano ; 13(9): 10279-10293, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483606

RESUMO

Diabetic wound healing and angiogenesis remain a worldwide challenge for both clinic and research. The use of adipose stromal cell derived exosomes delivered by bioactive dressing provides a potential strategy for repairing diabetic wounds with less scar formation and fast healing. In this study, we fabricated an injectable adhesive thermosensitive multifunctional polysaccharide-based dressing (FEP) with sustained pH-responsive exosome release for promoting angiogenesis and diabetic wound healing. The FEP dressing possessed multifunctional properties including efficient antibacterial activity/multidrug-resistant bacteria, fast hemostatic ability, self-healing behavior, and tissue-adhesive and good UV-shielding performance. FEP@exosomes (FEP@exo) can significantly enhance the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of endothelial cells in vitro. In vivo results from a diabetic full-thickness cutaneous wound model showed that FEP@exo dressing accelerated the wound healing by stimulating the angiogenesis process of the wound tissue. The enhanced cell proliferation, granulation tissue formation, collagen deposition, remodeling, and re-epithelialization probably lead to the fast healing with less scar tissue formation and skin appendage regeneration. This study showed that combining bioactive molecules into multifunctional dressing should have great potential in achieving satisfactory healing in diabetic and other vascular-impaired related wounds.

17.
J Cancer ; 10(18): 4380-4388, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413758

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to develop and validate prognostic nomograms predicting overall (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with major salivary gland (MaSG) mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC). Methods: 1398 MaSG-MEC patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. They were randomly and equally divided into a training cohort (n=699) and a validation cohort (n=699). The best subsets of covariates were identified to develop nomograms predicting OS and CSS based on the smallest Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) value in the multivariate Cox models. The nomograms were internally and externally validated by the bootstrap resampling method. The predictive ability was evaluated by Harrell's Concordance Index (C-index). Results: For the training cohort, eight (age at diagnosis, tumor grade, primary site, surgery, radiation, T, N and M classification) and seven predictors (all the above factors except primary site) were selected to create the nomograms estimating the 3- and 5- year OS and CSS, respectively. C-index indicated better predictive performance of the nomograms than the 7th AJCC staging system, which was confirmed by both internal (via the training cohort: OS: 0.888 vs 0.785, CSS: 0.938 vs 0.821) and external validation (via the validation cohort: OS: 0.844 vs 0.743, CSS: 0.882 vs 0.787). The calibration plots also revealed good agreements between the nomogram-based prediction and observed survival. Conclusions: We have proposed and validated the nomograms predicting OS and CSS of MaSG-MEC. They are proved to be of higher predictive value than the AJCC staging system and may be adopted in future clinical practice.

18.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 6244-6254, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies around the world. It has been verified that the expression of SOX18 is correlated to poor clinical prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, or breast invasive ductal carcinoma. However, the expression pattern and biological function of SOX18 in HCC tissues remains unclear. In this study, we set out to investigate the associated biological function and potential molecular mechanism of the SOX18 gene in HCC cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS The mRNA and protein expression levels of experimental related genes were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting assay, respectively. The MTT method was used to assess cell viability, and cell apoptosis analysis was performed by means of FACScan flow cytometry. Wound-healing assay and Transwell analysis were performed to evaluate the ability of cell migration and invasiveness, respectively. RESULTS SOX18 was highly expressed in various HCC cell lines. In addition, SOX18 promoted cell viability, migration, and invasion and simultaneously induce cell apoptosis. SOX18 promoted epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) progression, and SOX18 downregulation activated the autophagy signaling pathway AMPK/mTOR in HCC cells. CONCLUSIONS SOX18 downregulation in HCC cells suppressed cell viability and metastasis, induced cell apoptosis and hindered the occurrence and progression of tumor cells by participating in the EMT process and regulating the autophagy signaling pathway AMPK/mTOR.

19.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321666

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related cholecystitis (IgG4-C) is often difficult to distinguish from gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). This study aimed to determine a practical strategy for differentiating between IgG4-C and GBC to avoid unnecessary surgical resection. The expression of IgG4 in the gallbladder was detected by immunohistochemistry. The clinicopathological and radiological characteristics of IgG4-C patients and GBC patients were analyzed retrospectively. Immunohistochemistry revealed that IgG4 was upregulated in the plasma cells of IgG4-C tissues. The median serum total bilirubin levels were significantly higher in the patients with IgG4-C than in those with GBC (45.8 µmol L-1 vs. 29.9 µmol L-1). The serum γ-GGT levels were higher in IgG4-C patients than in GBC patients, whereas the serum levels of CA125 were significantly higher in GBC patients than in IgG4-C patients. The imaging scans were helpful for differentiating IgG4-C from GBC based on the presence of a layered pattern and Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses in the gallbladder wall. There were no statistically significant differences in age, presence of abdominal pain, level of emaciation between the two groups. Our study demonstrated that the combination of imaging with serum total bilirubin, γ-GGT and CA125 levels can offer added preoperative diagnostic value and reduce the rate of IgG4-C misdiagnosis.

20.
Thyroid ; 29(9): 1269-1278, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328653

RESUMO

Background: Expression of the programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) has been rarely reported. In this study, we evaluated PD-L1 positivity in MTC and analyzed its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics, structural recurrence (SR), and biochemical recurrence/persistent disease (BcR/BcPD). We also evaluated the prevalence of PD-L1 expression in patients developing distant or unresectable locoregional recurrence. Methods: In total, 201 consecutive MTC patients who underwent initial surgery in our institution from January 2006 to December 2015 were included. PD-L1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining and was considered positive in case of a combined positive score ≥1. The association of PD-L1 positivity with clinicopathological characteristics, structural recurrence-free survival (SRFS), and BcR/BcPD was retrospectively investigated. Results: The median follow-up length of the entire cohort was 73 months. We observed positive PD-L1 staining in 29 (14.4%) patients who were more likely to have a larger tumor size (p = 0.002), lymph node metastases (p = 0.036), and advanced TNM staging (p = 0.019). The five-year SRFS of the PD-L1-negative and PD-L1-positive groups was 85.4% and 57.9% (p = 0.001). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that PD-L1 positivity was independently associated with SR (hazard ratio = 2.19 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01-4.77], p = 0.047). Furthermore, multivariate logistic analysis showed that PD-L1 positivity was significantly associated with BcR/BcPD (odds ratio = 3.16 [CI 1.16-8.66], p = 0.025). During the study period, 20 patients developed distant or unresectable locoregional recurrence, among whom 8 (40%) were PD-L1 positive, which was much higher than in the entire MTC population. Conclusions: Using a large cohort of MTC patients, we demonstrate that PD-L1 positivity is associated with aggressive clinicopathological features and is independently predictive of SR and BcR/BcPD. Furthermore, a higher rate of PD-L1 expression in patients with incurable recurrence has been observed. Therefore, immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-L1 pathway may be a potential therapeutic strategy to treat advanced MTC.

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