Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.679
Filtrar
1.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118336, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have linked gaseous air pollutants to multiple health effects via inflammatory pathways. Several major inflammatory biomarkers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) have also been considered as predictors of cardiovascular disease. However, there has been no meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between gaseous air pollutants and these typical biomarkers of inflammation to date. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the overall associations between short-term and long-term exposures to ambient ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon dioxide (CO) and major inflammatory biomarkers including CRP, fibrinogen, IL-6 and TNF-α. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted for publications from PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and EMBASE databases up to Feb 1st, 2021. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 38 studies conducted among 210,438 participants. Generally, we only observed significant positive associations between short-term exposures to gaseous air pollutants and inflammatory biomarkers. For a 10 µg/m3 increase in short-term exposure to O3, NO2, and SO2, there were significant increases of 1.05% (95%CI: 0.09%, 2.02%), 1.60% (95%CI: 0.49%, 2.72%), and 10.44% (95%CI: 4.20%, 17.05%) in CRP, respectively. Meanwhile, a 10 µg/m3 increase in NO2 was also associated with a 4.85% (95%CI: 1.10%, 8.73%) increase in TNF-α. Long-term exposures to gaseous air pollutants were not statistically associated with these biomarkers, but the study numbers were relatively small. Subgroup analyses found more apparent associations in studies with better study design, higher quality, and smaller sample size. Meanwhile, the associations also varied across studies conducted in different geographical regions. CONCLUSION: Short-term exposure to gaseous air pollutants is associated with increased levels of circulating inflammatory biomarkers, suggesting that a systemic inflammatory state is activated upon exposure. More studies on long-term exposure to gaseous air pollutants and inflammatory biomarkers are warranted to verify the associations.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Biomarcadores , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/análise
3.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847665

RESUMO

Achieving bright photon upconversion under low irradiance is of great significance and finds many stimulating applications from photovoltaics to biophotonics. However, it remains a daunting challenge to significantly intensify upconversion luminescence in small nanoparticles with a simple structure. Herein, we report the amplification of photon upconversion through engineering interfacial density of states between the core and the shell layer in sub-10 nm colloidal rare-earth ions doped fluoride nanocrystals. Through tuning of the metal cations in the shell layer of alkaline-earth-based core/shell nanoparticles, both the interfacial phonon frequency and the density of state are evidently decreased, resulting in the luminescence intensification of up to 8224 times. The generality of this upconversion enhancement strategy has been verified through expansion of this approach to alkali-based core/shell nanoparticles. The engineering of photon density of state in such core/shell nanoparticles enables dynamic display and high-level security information storage.

4.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0260983, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34860853

RESUMO

Recently, studies on competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks have become prevalent, and circular RNAs (circRNAs) have crucial implications for the development and progression of carcinoma. However, studies relevant to metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) are scant. This study aims to discover potential ceRNAs that may be related to the prognosis of mPCa. RNA-Seq data were obtained from the MiOncoCirc database and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Differential expression patterns of RNAs were examined using R packages. Circular RNA Interactome, miRTarBase, miRDB and TargetScan were applied to predict the corresponding relation between circRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs. The Gene Ontology (GO) annotations were performed to present related GO terms, and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) tools were applied for pathway annotations. Moreover, survival analysis was conducted for the hub genes. We found 820 circRNAs, 81 miRNAs and 179 mRNAs that were distinguishingly expressed between primary prostate cancer (PCa) and mPCa samples. A ceRNA network including 45 circRNAs, 24 miRNAs and 56 mRNAs was constructed. In addition, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was built, and 10 hub genes were selected by using the CytoHubba application. Among the 10 hub genes, survival analysis showed that ITGA1, LMOD1, MYH11, MYLK, SORBS1 and TGFBR3 were significantly connected with disease-free survival (DFS). The circRNA-mediated ceRNA network provides potential prognostic biomarkers for metastatic prostate cancer.

5.
J Affect Disord ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although undergoing antidepressant treatments, many patients continue to struggle with chronic depression episode. Seeking the potential biomarkers and establishing a predictive model of clinical improvements is vital to optimize personalized management of depression. Mounting evidence showed thyroid hormones changes are central to leading paradigms of depression. METHODS: Here, we conducted a real-world based retrospective study using clinical and biochemical data of 2086 depressive inpatients during period of 2014-2020. We first performed regression analyses to evaluate the contributing effect of free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in predicting the clinical outcomes of depression. Then we established 7 predictive models using different combination of such hormones by supervised learning methods and tested the actual prediction efficacy on clinical outcomes, in order to select the one with the best predictive power. RESULTS: The results showed that lower values of FT3 and FT4 can both predict a poor clinical outcome in depression. Further, a model with the best performance was selected (sensitivity=0.91, specificity=0.79, and ROC-AUC=0.86), including the values of FT3 and FT4, and the scores of Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) as features. LIMITATIONS: The predictive model requires further external validation, and multi-center researches to confirm its clinical applicability. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings present a crucial role of thyroid measurements in predicting clinical outcomes of depression. Assessment of thyroid hormone should be extended to routine practice settings to determine which patients should be most in need of earlier or intensive interventions for preventing continued dysfunction.

6.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies revealed that 18F-FDOPA uptake was significantly decreased in the subregions of striatum contralateral to the side with predominant symptoms and was helpful for improving the early diagnostic accuracy of PD. However, in these studies, more than half of the PD patients already have bilateral motor symptoms (mH&Y stage≥2). This study was aimed to extend previous findings to a milder disease stage. METHODS: Sixteen PD patients with only mild and unilateral motor symptoms (mH&Y stage=1 and disease duration≤2 years) and 22 healthy controls were involved. Striatal 18F-FDOPA uptake was analyzed using a ratio approach. RESULTS: The SORs in the subregions of the contralateral striatum, including caudate, anterior putamen and posterior putamen were significantly decreased in the mild stage PD patients. The SOR for the contralateral posterior putamen had the largest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.963) and separated mild stage PD patients from healthy controls with a sensitivity of 93.75% and a specificity of 95.45% when the cut-off value of <2.160 was selected. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that contralateral posterior putaminal 18F-FDOPA uptake may represent a potential marker for early diagnosis of PD, especially in patients with only mild and unilateral motor symptoms.

7.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816363

RESUMO

OBJECITVIE: To compare the liver protective activity of fresh/dried dandelion extracts against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS: Totally 90 Kunming mice were randomly divided into 10 groups according to body weight (9 mice for each group). The mice in the normal control and model (vehicle control) groups were administered sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na, 0.5%) only. Administration groups were pretreated with high and low-dose dry dandelion extract (1,000 or 500 g fresh herb dried and then decocted into 120 mL solution, DDE-H and DDE-L); low-, medium- and high-dose dandelion juice (250, 500, 1,000 g/120 mL, DJ-L, DJ-M, and DJ-H); fresh dandelions evaporation juice water (120 mL, DEJW); dry dandelion extract dissolved by pure water (1 kg/120 mL, DDED-PW); dry dandelion extract dissolved by DEJW (120 g/120 mL, DDED-DEJW) by oral gavage for 7 days at the dosage of 0.5 mL solution/10 g body weight; after that, except normal control group, all other groups were intraperitonealy injected with 350 mg/kg APAP to induce liver injury. Twenty hours after APAP administration, serum and liver tissue were collected and serum alanine aminotransferase (AST), aspartate transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (AKP), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were quantified by biochemical kits; tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-2, and IL-1 ß contents in liver tissue were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kits. Histopathological changes in liver tissues were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining; TUNEL Assay and Hoechst 33258 staining were applied for cell apoptosis evaluation. The expressions of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf-2), caspase-9, B-cell leukemia/lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bax and p-JNK were determined by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Pretreatment with fresh dandelion juice (FDJ, including DJ-L, DJ-M, DJ-H, DEJW and DDED-DEJW) significantly decreased the levels of serum ALT, AST, AKP, TNF-α and IL-1ß compared with vehicle control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Additionally, compared with the vehicle control group, FDJ decreased the levels of hepatic MDA and restored GSH levels and SOD activity in livers (P<0.05 or P<0.01). FDJ inhibited the overexpression of pro-inflammatory factors including cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase in the liver tissues (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, Western blot analysis revealed that FDJ pretreatment inhibited activation of apoptotic signaling pathways via decreasing of Bax, and caspase-9 and JNK protein expression, and inhibited activation of JNK pathway (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Liver histopathological observation provided further evidence that FDJ pretreatment significantly inhibited APAP-induced hepatocyte necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration and congestion. CONCLUSIONS: FDJ pretreatment protects against APAP-induced hepatic injury by activating the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway and inhibition of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway, and the effect of fresh dandelion extracts was superior to dried dandelion extracts in APAP hepatotoxicity model mice.

8.
Mater Horiz ; 8(8): 2273-2285, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846431

RESUMO

A piezo-photocatalytic therapy based on thermally treated natural sphalerite nanosheet (NSH700 NS) heterojunction was applied to efficiently induce intracellular ROS burst and apoptosis of cancer cells. Upon ultrasound and laser irradiation, the formation of a polarized electric field and band bending of NSH700 NSs allow the directional separation of charges both in the bulk and their interface, thereby minimizing the probability of charge recombination. The piezo-photocatalytic effect leads to an efficient catalytic performance, exhibiting high-performance superoxide radical (˙O2-) and hydroxyl radical (˙OH) generation and glutathione (GSH) depletion, which results in a intracellular ROS burst-triggered apoptosis of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo.

9.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(11): 1020-4, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812018

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the progress of disease activity and sacroiliac joint imaging in patients with ankylosing spondylitis treated by extracorporeal shockwave combined with conventional oral medicine, and find a new safe and effective therapeutic method. METHODS: The clinical data of 30 patients with ankylosing spondylitis treated from January 2018 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Including 20 males and 10 females, aged from 18 to 50 years with an average of (34.50±9.60) years. All 30 patients had different degrees of sacroiliac joint bone marrow edema on MRI before treatment. Thirty patients were divided into treatment group and control group according to different treatment methods. Among them, 15 cases in control group were treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and sulfasalazine enteric-coated tablets, for the 15 cases in treatment group, in addition to oral medicine in line with control group, electronic focusing high-energy extracorporeal shockwave therapy was added. The course of disease, age, pre- and post-treatment erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein in the two groups were analyzed; and visual analogue scale (VAS) and spondyloarthritis research consortium Canada (SPARCC) scoring system were used to evaluate the pain of the sacroiliac joint and the structural damage of the sacroiliac joint;Bath ankylosing spondylitis disease activity index (BASDAI) was calculated. RESULTS: All patients were followed up for at least 3 months. One month after treatment, VAS, and SPARCC scores in treatment group were significantly better than in control group (P<0.05). After 1 month of treatment, there was no significant difference in BASDAI, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein between two groups(P>0.05). VAS, BASDAI, SPARCC, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein of all patients after treatment were significantly improved compared with those before treatment (P< 0.01). CONCLUSION: Electronic focusing high-energy extracorporeal shockwave combined with conventional oral medicine in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis has a good clinical effect in rapidly relieving pain, improving disease activity, and preventing imaging progress. In addition, it is safe and non-invasive, which is worthy of clinical application.


Assuntos
Ondas de Choque de Alta Energia , Espondilite Anquilosante , Eletrônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilite Anquilosante/terapia
10.
EURASIP J Wirel Commun Netw ; 2021(1): 78, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777489

RESUMO

In unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-assisted networks, UAV acts as an aerial base station which acquires the requested data via backhaul link and then serves ground users (GUs) through an access network. In this paper, we investigate an energy minimization problem with a limited power supply for both backhaul and access links. The difficulties for solving such a non-convex and combinatorial problem lie at the high computational complexity/time. In solution development, we consider the approaches from both actor-critic deep reinforcement learning (AC-DRL) and optimization perspectives. First, two offline non-learning algorithms, i.e., an optimal and a heuristic algorithms, based on piecewise linear approximation and relaxation are developed as benchmarks. Second, toward real-time decision-making, we improve the conventional AC-DRL and propose two learning schemes: AC-based user group scheduling and backhaul power allocation (ACGP), and joint AC-based user group scheduling and optimization-based backhaul power allocation (ACGOP). Numerical results show that the computation time of both ACGP and ACGOP is reduced tenfold to hundredfold compared to the offline approaches, and ACGOP is better than ACGP in energy savings. The results also verify the superiority of proposed learning solutions in terms of guaranteeing the feasibility and minimizing the system energy compared to the conventional AC-DRL.

11.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779644

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most common internal reversible modification of mRNA, which occurs on the N6 nitrogen of adenosine. Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) is a demethylase that erases m6A modification and has recently been linked to cancer. Herein, we explored the role of FTO in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). High FTO mRNA and protein levels were observed in OSCC cell lines and tissues as compared to normal controls. OSCC patients with high FTO displayed larger tumor size, higher TNM stage, poorer differentiation, and shorter survival time than those with low FTO. Stable knockdown of FTO inhibited OSCC cell viability, colony formation, and tumor growth. Further, FTO depletion increased YAP1 m6A modification at mRNA 3'-untranslated region, accelerating the degradation of YAP1 mRNA, a well-documented oncogene promoting OSCC progression. Importantly, nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of FTO is critical for YAP1 mRNA demethylation and decay following YTHDF2 reading and recognition. Our results highlight the role of FTO in regulating YAP1 mRNA stability, and targeting of FTO/YAP1 axis may be a promising intervention for OSCC patients.

12.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 662502, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803748

RESUMO

Objective: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) presents with face recognition defects. These defects negatively affect their social interactions. However, the cause of these defects is not clear. This study sought to explore whether MDD patients develop facial perceptual processing disorders with characteristics of brain functional connectivity (FC). Methods: Event-related potential (ERP) was used to explore differences between 20 MDD patients and 20 healthy participants with face and non-face recognition tasks based on 64 EEG parameters. After pre-processing of EEG data and source reconstruction using the minimum-norm estimate (MNE), data were converted to AAL90 template to obtain a time series of 90 brain regions. EEG power spectra were determined using Fieldtrip incorporating a Fast Fourier transform. FC was determined for all pairs of brain signals for theta band using debiased estimate of weighted phase-lag index (wPLI) in Fieldtrip. To explore group differences in wPLI, independent t-tests were performed with p < 0.05 to indicate statistical significance. False discovery rate (FDR) correction was used to adjust p-values. Results: The findings showed that amplitude induction by face pictures was higher compared with that of non-face pictures both in MDD and healthy control (HC) groups. Face recognition amplitude in MDD group was lower compared with that in the HC group. Two time periods with significant differences were then selected for further analysis. Analysis showed that FC was stronger in the MDD group compared with that in the HC group in most brain regions in both periods. However, only one FC between two brain regions in HC group was stronger compared with that in the MDD group. Conclusion: Dysfunction in brain FC among MDD patients is a relatively complex phenomenon, exhibiting stronger and multiple connectivity with several brain regions of emotions. The findings of the current study indicate that the brain FC of MDD patients is more complex and less efficient in the initial stage of face recognition.

13.
Mater Horiz ; 8(12): 3443-3448, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723303

RESUMO

Multicolor luminescent nanoparticles (NPs) show several potential emerging applications. In this work, we provide a new route that integrates the afterglow and upconversion (UC) that originate in a single activator to achieve color variations without the modulation of any other parameters. The Er3+ ions in Na3HfF7:Yb/Er NPs exhibit bright green afterglow upon X-ray irradiation and single-band red UC under 980 nm laser excitation, which are attributed to the significantly different electron population pathways. The UC intensity is stable and the afterglow decreases gradually over time, thus the output color is clearly changed from green to red naturally via illuminating the pre-X-ray-irradiated NPs with a 980 nm laser. Furthermore, the fine emission profiles of Er3+, Ho3+ and Tm3+ are achieved upon X-ray irradiation. Our results develop a new approach for time-dependent dynamic color displays and a simple route to revealing the electronic fine structures of lanthanide activators at room temperature.

14.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822590

RESUMO

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a common toxic mycotoxin and is detectable in pregnant women. Animal studies have revealed that AFB1 caused the lysis of erythrocytes and a decrease in hemoglobin. We conducted a prospective cohort study in Guangxi, China, in order to evaluate the association between AFB1 exposure and anemia in pregnant women during the entire pregnancy. A total of 616 pregnant women from the Guangxi Zhuang Birth Cohort were included in the study. Serum AFB1-albumin (AFB1-ALB) adduct levels were measured. The effect of AFB1-ALB adducts on hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were analyzed by using multivariable linear regression. The risks of anemia from AFB1-ALB adduct exposure were assessed by multivariable logistic regression. We found that the AFB1-ALB adduct was significantly associated with a decrease in Hb (ß = -4.99, 95% CI: -8.42, -1.30), MCV (ß = -4.58, 95% CI: -7.23, -1.94), MCH (ß = -1.86, 95% CI: -2.87, -0.85), and MCHC (ß = -5.23, 95% CI: -8.28, -2.17) in the first trimester with the third tertile of AFB1-ALB adducts when compared with the first tertile. Furthermore, the third tertile of the AFB1-ALB adduct significantly increased the risk of anemia by 2.90 times than compared to the first tertile in the first trimester (OR = 3.90, 95% CI: 1.67, 9.14). A significant positive does-response relationship existed between AFB1-ALB adduct levels and anemia risk (Ptrend = 0.001). When dividing anemia types, we only found that the third tertile of AFB1-ALB adduct increased the risk of microcytic hypochromic anemia (MHA) in the first trimester (OR = 14.37, 95% CI: 3.08, 67.02) and second trimester (OR = 4.75, 95% CI: 1.96, 11.51). These findings demonstrate the correlation between maternal AFB1 exposure during early pregnancy and risk of anemia, especially MHA, and during different trimesters in Southern China. More efforts should be made to diminish AFB1 exposure for pregnant women.

15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 751519, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765657

RESUMO

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea is an atherogenesis factor of which chronic intermittent hypoxia is a prominent feature. Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) exposure can sufficiently activate the sympathetic system, which acts on the ß3 adrenergic receptors of brown adipose tissue (BAT). However, the activity of BAT and its function in CIH-induced atherosclerosis have not been fully elucidated. Methods: This study involved ApoE-/- mice which were fed with a high-fat diet for 12 weeks and grouped into control and CIH group. During the last 8 weeks, mice in the CIH group were housed in cages to deliver CIH (12 h per day, cyclic inspiratory oxygen fraction 5-20.9%, 180 s cycle). Atherosclerotic plaques were evaluated by Oil Red O, hematoxylin and eosin, Masson staining, and immunohistochemistry. Afterward, we conducted immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and qRT-PCR of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) to investigate the activation of BAT. The level of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), and free fatty acid (FFA) were measured. Finally, RNA-Sequencing was deployed to explore the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and their enriched pathways between control and CIH groups. Results: Chronic intermittent hypoxia exposure promoted atherosclerotic plaque area with increasing CD68, α-SMA, and collagen in plaques. BAT activation was presented during CIH exposure with UCP1 up-regulated. Serum TC, triglyceride, LDL-c, and FFA were increased accompanied by BAT activation. HDL-c was decreased. Mechanistically, 43 lipolysis and lipid metabolism-associated mRNA showed different expression profiling between the groups. Calcium, MAPK, and adrenergic signaling pathway included the most gene number among the significantly enriched pathways. Conclusion: This study first demonstrated that BAT activation is involved in the progression of CIH-induced atherosclerosis, possibly by stimulating lipolysis.

16.
Front Surg ; 8: 735947, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722622

RESUMO

Background: The effect of active cycle of breathing technique (ACBT) on EC patients has not been well elucidated. In this research, we aim to explore the effect of ACBT on the perioperative outcomes in patients with esophageal carcinoma who underwent esophagectomy. Methods: Patients who underwent esophagectomy in an academic institution from December 2017 to July 2019 were included in this study. In a quasi-experimental study, participants were randomly divided into an experimental group (active cycle of breathing technique, n = 107) and an observational group (n = 106) by drawing lots. The chi-squared test, Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test, Logistic regression analysis, and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to analyze data. A two-sided P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The primary observational endpoint was the mean weight of the sputum. Other outcomes included the six-min-walk test (6MWT), Borg scale, anastomotic leakage, and the length of hospital stay. Results: 95 patients underwent minimally invasive surgery, and 118 patients received open surgery. There were 16 patients with anastomotic leakage in the present study, and we found that patients in the observational group had higher odds of anastomotic leakage. The results showed that the mean weight of the sputum in the observation group was lighter than that of the experimental group. After esophagectomy, the experimental group had better outcomes than the observation group (Borg scale: 2.448 vs. 1.547; 6-MWT: 372.811 vs. 425.355m, all P < 0.05). The mean length of hospital stay was longer in the observation group (17.953 days) than that in the experimental group (12.037 days, P = 0.01). We also found that the observational group had a higher discharge ratio over 2 weeks in all cohort (adjusted OR 2.487, 95% confidence intervals 1.147-5.392, P = 0.021). Conclusion: Active cycle of breathing technique may improve the perioperative outcomes and decrease the length of hospital stay after surgery in patients with esophageal cancer. However, we need more researches to validate these findings.

17.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 5583031, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733324

RESUMO

Error-Correcting Output Codes has become a well-known, established technique for multiclass classification due to its simplicity and efficiency. Each binary split contains different original classes. A noncompetent classifier emerges when it classifies an instance whose real class does not belong to the metasubclasses which is used to learn the classifier. How to reduce the error caused by the noncompetent classifiers under diversity big enough is urgent for ECOC classification. The weighted decoding strategy can be used to reduce the error caused by the noncompetence contradiction through relearning the weight coefficient matrix. To this end, a new weighted decoding strategy taking the classifier competence reliability into consideration is presented in this paper, which is suitable for any coding matrix. Support Vector Data Description is applied to compute the distance from an instance to the metasubclasses. The distance reflects the competence reliability and is fused as the weight in the base classifier combination. In so doing, the effect of the competent classifiers on classification is reinforced, while the bias induced by the noncompetent ones is decreased. Reflecting the competence reliability, the weights of classifiers for each instance change dynamically, which accords with the classification practice. The statistical simulations based on benchmark datasets indicate that our proposed algorithm outperforms other methods and provides new thought for solving the noncompetence problem.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 545, 2021 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has rapidly spread across the whole world and brought strong psychological impact. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) in the general people of southwestern China and associated factors 1 month after the outbreak of the COVID-19. METHODS: This study was started on 4-10 Feb 2020 based on online survey. The present work was carried out in the provinces of southeastern China, including Sichuan Province, Guizhou Province, Yunnan Province, and Chongqing City.1593 respondents aged 18 years and above administered to this study. Data on whether they have experienced confirmed or suspected COVID-19 of themselves/family members/acquaintances were also collected, and based on 'yes' answers, the number of affected individuals (via COVID-19) were categorized into four exposure levels i.e., non-affected, less, moderately, or significantly affected. The civilian version of the PTSD checklist and the self-reported information about COVID-19 were used. RESULTS: The prevalence of PTSD was approximately 25.2%(n = 401/1593). The chances of developing PTSD were 6.053(OR = 6.053, 95% CI 1.394 to 26.280) or 3.673(OR = 3.673, 95% CI 1.738 to 7.765) times higher among respondents who had been significantly and moderately affected than those who had not been affected, accordingly. Male (OR = 1.484, 95% CI 1.147 to 1.920),younger age individuals (40 ~ 49 age group/<30 age group, OR = 0.395, 95% CI 0.258 to 0.606) and health care workers (OR = 1.788, 95% CI 1.155 to 2.277) were at higher risk of developing PTSD. CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight that a positive correlation between the pandemic and PTSD. It is urgent to establish a screening and prevention systems for the population who are significantly exposed to COVID-19,and provide different psychological intervention strategies for different groups.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Ansiedade , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
19.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(20): 1529, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790735

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and obstetric outcomes of laparoscopic and hysteroscopic surgery in patients with previous cesarean scar defect (PCSD). Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on women who underwent laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery for PCSD from 2016 to 2019 at the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. Among these participants, 13 underwent laparoscopic surgery and 33 received hysteroscopic surgery. Results: Significant differences were displayed in the operative times (156.9±42.3 vs. 40.7±38.9 min, P<0.05), intra-operative blood loss (80.0±61.0 vs. 17.9±51.2 mL, P<0.05), hospital stay (7.1±1.6 vs. 4.1±2.1 days, P<0.05), postoperative hospital stay (4.3±0.8 vs. 1.5±1.1 days, P<0.05), and hospitalization expenses (22,240.3±249.9 vs. 9,547.1±4,747.2 yuan, P<0.05) between the laparoscopic surgery and hysteroscopic group. No significant difference was observed in the incidence of clinical efficacy between the laparoscopic and hysteroscopic surgery group. A total of 2 of the 4 patients in the laparoscopic surgery group, and 9 of 11 patients in the hysteroscopic surgery group delivered successfully. All 2 participants in the laparoscopic surgery group and 2 participants in the hysteroscopic surgery group were diagnosed with placenta previa. No uterine rupture was reported in our study. Conclusions: Both laparoscopic and hysteroscopic surgery are safe and effective treatments for PCSD patients, and hysteroscopic surgery is more efficient for PCSD patients.

20.
J Breast Cancer ; 24(5): 474-480, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652076

RESUMO

Reversion mutations are associated with clinical resistance to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi). Here, we describe the detection of a BRCA1 reversion mutation in a 39-year-old woman with metastatic breast cancer harboring a heterozygous germline BRCA1 exons 7-8 deletion who received PARPi olaparib combined with immune checkpoint inhibitor camrelizumab as third-line therapy. During progression from the olaparib and camrelizumab combination therapy, we identified via genomic sequencing a novel 7-base pair somatic deletion in BRCA1 (c.617_623delACAAATC). Sequence analyses indicated that this mutation realigned the reading frame of BRCA1, which potentially led to the reversal of its normal function and conferred resistance to PARPi.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...