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1.
Genome ; 55(11): 765-74, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23199571

RESUMO

Wild Secale species, Secale africanum Stapf., serve as a valuable source for increasing the diversity of cultivated rye (Secale cereale L.) and provide novel genes for wheat improvement. New wheat - S. africanum chromosome 1R(afr) addition, 1R(afr)(1D) substitution, 1BL.1R(afr)S and 1DS.1R(afr)L translocation, and 1R(afr)L monotelocentric addition lines were identified by chromosome banding and in situ hybridization. Disease resistance screening revealed that chromosome 1R(afr)S carries resistance gene(s) to new stripe rust races. Twenty-nine molecular markers were localized on S. africanum chromosome 1R(afr) by the wheat - S. africanum introgression lines. Twenty markers can also identically amplify other reported wheat - S. cereale chromosome 1R derivative lines, indicating that there is high conservation between the wild and cultivated Secale chromosome 1R. Nine markers displayed polymorphic amplification between S. africanum and S. cereale chromosome 1R(afr) derivatives. The comparison of the nucleotide sequences of these polymorphic markers suggested that gene duplication and sequence divergence may have occurred among Secale species during its evolution and domestication.


Assuntos
Bandeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/métodos , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Secale/genética , Triticum/genética , Basidiomycota/patogenicidade , DNA de Plantas/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Evolução Molecular , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Hibridização Genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/imunologia , Polimorfismo Genético , Secale/imunologia , Triticum/imunologia
2.
Yi Chuan ; 30(8): 1056-62, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18779158

RESUMO

Genome in situ hybridization (GISH) analysis of wheat-Secale africanum amphiploid revealed that the S. africanum genome displayed significant divergence to the Secale cereale genome. It is thus valuable to deploy genes from S. africanum. We performed the PCR analysis on S. africanum, wheat-S. afticanum amphiploid, T. eastivum cv. Anyuepaideng and other genetic stocks by 100 ISSR primers. A specific segment of 561 bp, named pSaUBC815561, was obtained from S. africanum using primer UBC815. This segment was not amplified from the control wheat lines. Primer UBC815 also am-plified fragments from wild species of genus Secale, including S. vavilovii, S. sylvestre, and other cultivated ryes. Based on the sequence of pSaUBC815561, a pair of special primers U815-F and U815-R was designed and was used to amplify the DNA of wheat related species in Triticeae aimed at validating the specificity of pSaUBC815561. PCR analysis indicated that this specific DNA fragment was amplified not only from a set of Chinese Spring wheat-Imperial rye chromosome addition lines but also from certain wheat-rye introgression lines. Therefore, pSaUBC815561 can be used as a specific marker for detection of chromosomes of Secale genome in wheat.


Assuntos
Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Secale/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Triticum/genética
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