Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 63
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Cancer Res ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580061

RESUMO

Tumor-initiating cells (TIC) are associated with tumor initiation, growth, metastasis, and recurrence. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1) is a TIC marker in many cancers, including breast cancer. However the molecular mechanisms underlying ALDH1A1 functions in solid tumors remain largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that ALDH1A1 enzymatic activity facilitates breast tumor growth. Mechanistically, ALDH1A1 decreased the intracellular pH in breast cancer cells to promote phosphorylation of TAK1, activate NFκB signaling, and increase the secretion of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), which led to myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) expansion and immunosuppression. Furthermore, the ALDH1A1 inhibitor disulfiram and chemotherapeutic agent gemcitabine cooperatively inhibited breast tumor growth and tumorigenesis by purging ALDH+ TICs and activating T cell immunity. These findings elucidate how active ALDH1A1 modulates the immune system to promote tumor development, highlghting new therapeutic strategies for malignant breast cancer.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4413, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285210

RESUMO

Enhanced neovasculogenesis, especially vasculogenic mimicry (VM), contributes to the development of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Breast tumor-initiating cells (BTICs) are involved in forming VM; however, the specific VM-forming BTIC population and the regulatory mechanisms remain undefined. We find that tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8) is abundantly expressed in TNBC and serves as a marker for VM-forming BTICs. Mechanistically, TEM8 increases active RhoC level and induces ROCK1-mediated phosphorylation of SMAD5, in a cascade essential for promoting stemness and VM capacity of breast cancer cells. ASB10, an estrogen receptor ERα trans-activated E3 ligase, ubiquitylates TEM8 for degradation, and its deficiency in TNBC resulted in a high homeostatic level of TEM8. In this work, we identify TEM8 as a functional marker for VM-forming BTICs in TNBC, providing a target for the development of effective therapies against TNBC targeting both BTIC self-renewal and neovasculogenesis simultaneously.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/antagonistas & inibidores , Mama/patologia , Mama/cirurgia , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Autorrenovação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Camundongos , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/antagonistas & inibidores , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Superfície Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/terapia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
3.
Autophagy ; : 1-11, 2021 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33993848

RESUMO

S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine (SAH), an amino acid derivative, is a key intermediate metabolite in methionine metabolism, which is normally considered as a harmful by-product and hydrolyzed quickly once formed. AHCY (adenosylhomocysteinase) converts SAH into homocysteine and adenosine. There are two other members in the AHCY family, AHCYL1 (adenosylhomocysteinase like 1) and AHCYL2 (adenosylhomocysteinase like 2). Here we define AHCYL1 function as a SAH sensor to inhibit macroautophagy/autophagy through PIK3C3. The C terminus of AHCYL1 interacts with SAH specifically and the interaction with SAH promotes the binding of the N terminus to the catalytic domain of PIK3C3, resulting in inhibition of PIK3C3. More importantly, this observation was further validated in vivo, indicating that SAH functions as a signaling molecule. Our study uncovers a new axis of SAH-AHCYL1-PIK3C3, which senses the intracellular level of SAH to inhibit autophagy in an MTORC1-independent manner.Abbreviations: ADOX: adenosine dialdehyde; AHCY: adenosylhomocysteinase; AHCYL1: adenosylhomocysteinase like 1; cLEU: cycloleucine; PIK3C3: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3; PtdIns3P: phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate; SAH: S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine; SAM: S-adenosyl-l-methionine.

4.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 5-10, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474881

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most notorious malignancies with a 5-year survival rate of less than 8%. Therefore, it is crucial to investigate the molecular mechanism underlining PDAC initiation, promotion, and progression for efficient treatment of PDAC. In order to adapt and survive in an extremely adverse microenvironment of hypoxia and insufficiency of nutrients and energy, PDAC cells undergo extensive metabolic modification triggered by intrinsic signalings which are activated by different genetic events, including mutations occurred at K RAS, TP53, and DPC4/ SMAD4, collaboratively promoting PDAC development. Notably, PDCA cells have extensive crosstalk in the form of reciprocal metabolic flux with its surrounding microenvironment to facilitate tumor advancement and therapy resistance. We herein summarize recent findings of PDAC metabolism and discuss metabolic rewiring-based therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Estresse Fisiológico , Microambiente Tumoral
5.
Mol Oncol ; 15(5): 1466-1485, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314660

RESUMO

Tumor growth, especially in the late stage, requires adequate nutrients and rich vasculature, in which PKM2 plays a convergent role. It has been reported that PKM2, together with FOXM1D, is upregulated in late-stage colorectal cancer and associated with metastasis; however, their underlying mechanism for promoting tumor progression remains elusive. Herein, we revealed that FOXM1D potentiates PKM2-mediated glycolysis and angiogenesis through multiple protein-protein interactions. In the presence of FBP, FOXM1D binds to tetrameric PKM2 and assembles a heterooctamer, restraining PKM2 metabolic activity by about a half and thereby promoting aerobic glycolysis. Furthermore, FOXM1D interacts with PKM2 and NF-κB and induces their nuclear translocation with the assistance of the nuclear transporter importin 4. Once in the nucleus, PKM2 and NF-κB complexes subsequently augment VEGFA transcription. The increased VEGFA is secreted extracellularly via exosomes, an event potentiated by the interaction of FOXM1 with VPS11, eventually promoting tumor angiogenesis. Based on these findings, our study provides another insight into the role of PKM2 in the regulation of glycolysis and angiogenesis.

6.
J Biol Chem ; 295(33): 11938-11946, 2020 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641495

RESUMO

Metabolites are not only substrates in metabolic reactions, but also signaling molecules controlling a wide range of cellular processes. Discovery of the oncometabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate provides an important link between metabolic dysfunction and cancer, unveiling the signaling function of metabolites in regulating epigenetic and epitranscriptomic modifications, genome integrity, and signal transduction. It is now known that cancer cells remodel their metabolic network to support biogenesis, caused by or resulting in the dysregulation of various metabolites. Cancer cells can sense alterations in metabolic intermediates to better coordinate multiple biological processes and enhance cell metabolism. Recent studies have demonstrated that metabolite signaling is involved in the regulation of malignant transformation, cell proliferation, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, differentiation blockade, and cancer stemness. Additionally, intercellular metabolite signaling modulates inflammatory response and immunosurveillance in the tumor microenvironment. Here, we review recent advances in cancer-associated metabolite signaling. An in depth understanding of metabolite signaling will provide new opportunities for the development of therapeutic interventions that target cancer.


Assuntos
Glutaratos/metabolismo , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metaboloma , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Animais , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Metabolômica , Neoplasias/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 70, 2020 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32467562

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is well-known for inefficient early diagnosis, with most patients diagnosed at advanced stages. Increasing evidence indicates that elevated plasma levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. Branched-chain amino acid transaminase 2 (BCAT2) is an important enzyme in BCAA catabolism that reversibly catalyzes the initial step of BCAA degradation to branched-chain acyl-CoA. Here, we show that BCAT2 is acetylated at lysine 44 (K44), an evolutionarily conserved residue. BCAT2 acetylation leads to its degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and is stimulated in response to BCAA deprivation. cAMP-responsive element-binding (CREB)-binding protein (CBP) and SIRT4 are the acetyltransferase and deacetylase for BCAT2, respectively. CBP and SIRT4 bind to BCAT2 and control the K44 acetylation level in response to BCAA availability. More importantly, the K44R mutant promotes BCAA catabolism, cell proliferation, and pancreatic tumor growth. Collectively, the data from our study reveal a previously unknown regulatory mechanism of BCAT2 in PDAC and provide a potential therapeutic target for PDAC treatment.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2266, 2020 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385244

RESUMO

The evolutionarily conserved Par3/Par6/aPKC complex regulates the polarity establishment of diverse cell types and distinct polarity-driven functions. However, how the Par complex is concentrated beneath the membrane to initiate cell polarization remains unclear. Here we show that the Par complex exhibits cell cycle-dependent condensation in Drosophila neuroblasts, driven by liquid-liquid phase separation. The open conformation of Par3 undergoes autonomous phase separation likely due to its NTD-mediated oligomerization. Par6, via C-terminal tail binding to Par3 PDZ3, can be enriched to Par3 condensates and in return dramatically promote Par3 phase separation. aPKC can also be concentrated to the Par3N/Par6 condensates as a client. Interestingly, activated aPKC can disperse the Par3/Par6 condensates via phosphorylation of Par3. Perturbations of Par3/Par6 phase separation impair the establishment of apical-basal polarity during neuroblast asymmetric divisions and lead to defective lineage development. We propose that phase separation may be a common mechanism for localized cortical condensation of cell polarity complexes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Animais , Células COS , Ciclo Celular , Diferenciação Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Proteínas de Drosophila/química , Drosophila melanogaster/citologia , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Larva/citologia , Complexos Multiproteicos/química , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Ratos
10.
Sci China Life Sci ; 63(9): 1394-1405, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157557

RESUMO

Cancer cells remodel their metabolic network to adapt to variable nutrient availability. Pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) plays protective and biosynthetic roles by oxidizing glucose to generate reducing power and ribose. How cancer cells modulate PPP activity in response to glucose supply remains unclear. Here we show that ribose-5-phosphate isomerase A (RPIA), an enzyme in PPP, directly interacts with co-activator associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) and is methylated at arginine 42 (R42). R42 methylation up-regulates the catalytic activity of RPIA. Furthermore, glucose deprivation strengthens the binding of CARM1 with RPIA to induce R42 hypermethylation. Insufficient glucose supply links to RPIA hypermethylation at R42, which increases oxidative PPP flux. RPIA methylation supports ROS clearance by enhancing NADPH production and fuels nucleic acid synthesis by increasing ribose supply. Importantly, RPIA methylation at R42 significantly potentiates colorectal cancer cell survival under glucose starvation. Collectively, RPIA methylation connects glucose availability to nucleotide synthesis and redox homeostasis.


Assuntos
Aldose-Cetose Isomerases/metabolismo , Arginina/química , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Domínio Catalítico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Metilação , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , NADP/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Via de Pentose Fosfato , Ligação Proteica , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
11.
Nat Cell Biol ; 22(2): 167-174, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029896

RESUMO

Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism is potentially linked with development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)1-4. BCAA transaminase 2 (BCAT2) was essential for the collateral lethality conferred by deletion of malic enzymes in PDAC and the BCAA-BCAT metabolic pathway contributed to non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) other than PDAC3,4. However, the underlying mechanism remains undefined. Here we reveal that BCAT2 is elevated in mouse models and in human PDAC. Furthermore, pancreatic tissue-specific knockout of Bcat2 impedes progression of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) in LSL-KrasG12D/+; Pdx1-Cre (KC) mice. Functionally, BCAT2 enhances BCAA uptake to sustain BCAA catabolism and mitochondrial respiration. Notably, BCAA enhances growth of pancreatic ductal organoids from KC mice in a dose-dependent manner, whereas addition of branched-chain α-keto acid (BCKA) and nucleobases rescues growth of KC organoids that is suppressed by BCAT2 inhibitor. Moreover, KRAS stabilizes BCAT2, which is mediated by spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) and E3 ligase tripartite-motif-containing protein 21 (TRIM21). In addition, BCAT2 inhibitor ameliorates PanIN formation in KC mice. Of note, a lower-BCAA diet also impedes PDAC development in mouse models of PDAC. Thus, BCAT2-mediated BCAA catabolism is critical for development of PDAC harbouring KRAS mutations. Targeting BCAT2 or lowering dietary BCAA may have translational significance.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Proteínas da Gravidez/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Transaminases/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada/farmacologia , Animais , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Isoenzimas/genética , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Cetoácidos/metabolismo , Cetoácidos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/metabolismo , Organoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Organoides/metabolismo , Organoides/patologia , Ductos Pancreáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ductos Pancreáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Pancreáticos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Proteínas da Gravidez/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Quinase Syk/genética , Quinase Syk/metabolismo , Transaminases/metabolismo
12.
Cell Stress ; 3(12): 361-368, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832601

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is predicted to become the second leading cause of death of patients with malignant cancers by 2030. Current options of PDAC treatment are limited and the five-year survival rate is less than 8%, leading to an urgent need to explore innovatively therapeutic strategies. PDAC cells exhibit extensively reprogrammed metabolism to meet their energetic and biomass demands under extremely harsh conditions. The metabolic changes are closely linked to signaling triggered by activation of oncogenes like KRAS as well as inactivation of tumor suppressors. Furthermore, tumor microenvironmental factors including extensive desmoplastic stroma reaction result in series of metabolism remodeling to facilitate PDAC development. In this review, we focus on the dysregulation of metabolism in PDAC and its surrounding microenvironment to explore potential metabolic targets in PDAC therapy.

13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3162, 2019 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320636

RESUMO

HECT E3 ligases control the degradation and functioning of numerous oncogenic/tumor-suppressive factors and signaling proteins, and their activities must be tightly regulated to prevent cancers and other diseases. Here we show that the Nedd4 family HECT E3 WWP1 adopts an autoinhibited state, in which its multiple WW domains sequester HECT using a multi-lock mechanism. Removing WW2 or WW34 led to a partial activation of WWP1. The structure of fully inhibited WWP1 reveals that many WWP1 mutations identified in cancer patients result in a partially active state with increased E3 ligase activity, and the WWP1 mutants likely promote cell migration by enhancement of ∆Np63α degradation. We further demonstrate that WWP2 and Itch utilize a highly similar multi-lock autoinhibition mechanism as that utilized by WWP1, whereas Nedd4/4 L and Smurf2 utilize a slightly variant version. Overall, these results reveal versatile autoinhibitory mechanisms that fine-tune the ligase activities of the HECT family enzymes.


Assuntos
Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases Nedd4/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ativação Enzimática , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases Nedd4/genética , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
16.
EMBO Rep ; 19(12)2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420520

RESUMO

Sirtuins (SIRTs) are a class of lysine deacylases that regulate cellular metabolism and energy homeostasis. Although sirtuins have been proposed to function in nutrient sensing and signaling, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. SIRT7, a histone H3K18-specific deacetylase, epigenetically controls mitochondria biogenesis, ribosomal biosynthesis, and DNA repair. Here, we report that SIRT7 is methylated at arginine 388 (R388), which inhibits its H3K18 deacetylase activity. Protein arginine methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6) directly interacts with and methylates SIRT7 at R388 in vitro and in vivo R388 methylation suppresses the H3K18 deacetylase activity of SIRT7 without modulating its subcellular localization. PRMT6-induced H3K18 hyperacetylation at SIRT7-target gene promoter epigenetically promotes mitochondria biogenesis and maintains mitochondria respiration. Moreover, high glucose enhances R388 methylation in mouse fibroblasts and liver tissue. PRMT6 signals glucose availability to SIRT7 in an AMPK-dependent manner. AMPK induces R388 hypomethylation by disrupting the association between PRMT6 and SIRT7. Together, PRMT6-induced arginine methylation of SIRT7 coordinates glucose availability with mitochondria biogenesis to maintain energy homeostasis. Our study uncovers the regulatory role of SIRT7 arginine methylation in glucose sensing and mitochondria biogenesis.


Assuntos
Arginina/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Biogênese de Organelas , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Adenilato Quinase/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Células HEK293 , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Lisina/metabolismo , Metilação , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/química
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30416760

RESUMO

Metabolite sensing is one of the most fundamental biological processes. During evolution, multilayered mechanisms developed to sense fluctuations in a wide spectrum of metabolites, including nutrients, to coordinate cellular metabolism and biological networks. To date, AMPK and mTOR signaling are among the best-understood metabolite-sensing and signaling pathways. Here, we propose a sensor-transducer-effector model to describe known mechanisms of metabolite sensing and signaling. We define a metabolite sensor by its specificity, dynamicity, and functionality. We group the actions of metabolite sensing into three different modes: metabolite sensor-mediated signaling, metabolite-sensing module, and sensing by conjugating. With these modes of action, we provide a systematic view of how cells sense sugars, lipids, amino acids, and metabolic intermediates. In the future perspective, we suggest a systematic screen of metabolite-sensing macromolecules, high-throughput discovery of biomacromolecule-metabolite interactomes, and functional metabolomics to advance our knowledge of metabolite sensing and signaling. Most importantly, targeting metabolite sensing holds great promise in therapeutic intervention of metabolic diseases and in improving healthy aging.

18.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 4429, 2018 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30356100

RESUMO

It is well known that high-risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) infection is strongly associated with cervical cancer and E7 was identified as one of the key initiators in HPV-mediated carcinogenesis. Here we show that lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) preferably locates in the nucleus in HPV16-positive cervical tumors due to E7-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Surprisingly, nuclear LDHA gains a non-canonical enzyme activity to produce α-hydroxybutyrate and triggers DOT1L (disruptor of telomeric silencing 1-like)-mediated histone H3K79 hypermethylation, resulting in the activation of antioxidant responses and Wnt signaling pathway. Furthermore, HPV16 E7 knocking-out reduces LDHA nuclear translocation and H3K79 tri-methylation in K14-HPV16 transgenic mouse model. HPV16 E7 level is significantly positively correlated with nuclear LDHA and H3K79 tri-methylation in cervical cancer. Collectively, our findings uncover a non-canonical enzyme activity of nuclear LDHA to epigenetically control cellular redox balance and cell proliferation facilitating HPV-induced cervical cancer development.


Assuntos
Hidroxibutiratos/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/etiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Isoenzimas/genética , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/genética , Lactato Desidrogenase 5 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Cell Rep ; 24(12): 3207-3223, 2018 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30232003

RESUMO

Increased aerobic glycolysis is a hallmark of cancer metabolism. How cancer cells coordinate glucose metabolism with extracellular glucose levels remains largely unknown. Here, we report that coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1 or PRMT4) signals glucose availability to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and suppresses glycolysis in liver cancer cells. CARM1 methylates GAPDH at arginine 234 (R234), inhibiting its catalytic activity. Glucose starvation leads to CARM1 upregulation, further inducing R234 hypermethylation and GAPDH inhibition. The re-expression of wild-type GAPDH, but not of its methylation-mimetic mutant, sustains glycolytic levels. CARM1 inhibition increases glycolytic flux and glycolysis. R234 methylation delays tumor cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Compared with normal tissues, R234 is hypomethylated in malignant clinical hepatocellular carcinoma samples. Notably, R234 methylation positively correlates with CARM1 expression in these liver cancer samples. Our findings thus reveal that CARM1-mediated GAPDH methylation is a key regulatory mechanism of glucose metabolism in liver cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Gliceraldeído-3-Fosfato Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Glicólise , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células HEK293 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/genética
20.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 503(4): 2240-2247, 2018 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29953851

RESUMO

The Hippo pathway is crucial in organ size control, and its dysregulation contributes to tumorigenesis. TAZ is an essential molecule containing a WW domain in Hippo pathway and serves as transcription co-activator to modulate cell proliferation and induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition in different human cancers, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma. In this study, we found that TAZQ233del, a deletion occurred at its transactivation domain, increases phosphorylation at TAZ Ser89, resulting in sequestration of TAZ in cytoplasm and inhibiting its transcriptional activity. Furthermore, ectopic expression of TAZQ233del promotes mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET), demonstrating that Q233 is an essential site to control TAZ function. Our results disclose that TAZQ233del plays a major role in regulating malignancy of cancer cells by hijacking Hippo pathway.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Proteínas Mutantes/fisiologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Fosforilação/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Transativadores , Fatores de Transcrição
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...