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Materials (Basel) ; 12(19)2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547065


Continuously increasing traffic volumes necessitate accurate design methods to ensure the optimal service life and efficient use of raw materials. Numerical simulations commonly pursue a simplified approach with homogeneous pavement materials and homogeneous loading. Neither the pavement geometry nor the loading is homogeneous in reality. In this study, the mechanical response of the asphalt mixtures due to homogeneous loads is compared with their mechanical response to inhomogeneous loads. A 3D finite element model was reconstructed with the aid of X-ray computed tomography. Sections of a real tire's pressure distribution were used for the inhomogeneous loads. The evaluation of the material response analyzes the stress distribution within the samples. An inhomogeneous load evokes an increased proportion of high stresses within the sample in every case, particularly at low temperatures. When comparing the two types of loads, the average stresses on the interior (tension and compression) exhibit significant differences. The magnitude of the discrepancies shows that this approach yields results that differ significantly from the common practice of using homogeneous models and can be used to improve pavement design.

Materials (Basel) ; 12(8)2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003513


To give engineers involved in planning and designing of asphalt pavements a more accurate prediction of crack initiation and propagation, theory-based models need to be developed to connect the loading conditions and fracture mechanisms present in laboratory tests and under traffic loading. The aim of this study is to develop a technical basis for the simulation of fracture behavior of asphalt pavements. The cohesive zone model (CZM) approach was applied in the commercial FE software ABAQUS to analyze crack propagation in asphalt layers. The CZM developed from the asphalt mixtures in this study can be used to simulate the fracture behavior of pavements and further optimize both the structure and the materials. The investigations demonstrated that the remaining service life of asphalt pavements under cyclic load after the initial onset of macro-cracks can be predicted. The developed CZM can, therefore, usefully supplement conventional design methods by improving the accuracy of the predicted stress states and by increasing the quality, efficiency, and safety of mechanical design methods by using this more realistic modeling approach.