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1.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-9, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415221

RESUMO

Marine-derived fungi are a promising source of bioactive molecules, especially species from extreme habitats. Although several secondary metabolites such as meroterpenoids and alkaloids have been isolated from cultures of Aspergillus fischeri, obtained from terrestrial habitats, there is no report on compounds isolated from marine-derived strains. Many metabolites isolated from marine-derived fungi exhibited a myriad of biological activities. Marine natural products have shown to be an important source of bioactive compounds and can assist in the discovery of molecules with affinity against validated targets from exclusive strains of parasites of medical importance such as pteridine reductase 1 (PTR1), from Leishmania major, which is essential for cell growth. Leishmaniasis is responsible for approximately 65,000 annual deaths. Despite the mortality data, drugs available for the treatment of patients are insufficient and have moderate therapeutic efficacy in addition to serious adverse effects, which make the development of new drugs urgent. The previously described aszonalenin (ASL), aszonapyrone A (ASP), acetylaszonalenin (ACZ), and helvolic acid (HAC) were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the culture of a marine sponge-associated A. fischeri MMERU 23 and their affinities against PTR1 were determined by ThermoFluor®. Among the tested compounds, only ACZ showed dose-dependent affinity against PTR1. Moreover, complementary molecular dynamics studies (t = 100 000 ps) have showed that this molecule performs hydrogen bonds with key residues at the active site for more than 60% of the productive trajectory time. The results indicate that ACZ could be a promising PTR1 inhibitor and a potential candidate for development of antileishmanial drug.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

2.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-10, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739225

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a methoxylated fraction from Vellozia dasypus Seub on myeloperoxidase (MPO)-chlorinating activity and subsequent in silico assays for binding profile prediction. Therefore, the ethyl acetate extract of aerial parts from Vellozia dasypus Seub was fractionated on open-column chromatography containing SiO2 and eluted with solvent in crescent polarity to yield a fraction with a mixture of flavonols quercetin 3-O-methyl ether (1) and 6-C-methyl quercetin 3-O-methyl ether (2). Their chemical structures were proposed by HPLC coupled to photodiode array (HPLC-DAD) and mass spectrometer using electrospray ionization multistage analysis (HPLC-MS/MS). The fraction enriched with compounds 1 and 2 inhibited more efficiently the in vitro MPO-chlorinating activity (IC50 = 40 µg/mL) than the ethyl acetate extract (IC50 = 64.0 µg/mL). Molecular docking studies revealed that these compounds interact with MPO active pocket similarly to trifluoromethyl-substituted aromatic hydroxamate, a well-known MPO inhibitor, co-crystallized at the MPO binding site (PDB ID: 4C1M). Molecular dynamics trajectories confirmed that these two molecules interact with the MPO binding site with a similar energetic pattern when compared to the crystallographic ligand. Taken together, these data expand the sources of phenolic natural compounds that may be further investigated against inflammation-related diseases.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

3.
Curr Med Chem ; 28(29): 5884-5895, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596793

RESUMO

This article presents a simplified view of integrins with emphasis on the α4 (α4ß1/VLA-4) integrin. Integrins are heterodimeric proteins expressed on the cell surface of leukocytes that participate in a wide variety of functions, such as survival, growth, differentiation, migration, inflammatory responses, tumour invasion, among others. When the extracellular matrix is degraded or deformed, cells are forced to undergo responsive changes that influence remodelling during physiological and pathological events. Integrins recognize these changes and trigger a series of cellular responses, forming a physical connection between the interior and the outside of the cell. The communication of integrins through the plasma membrane occurs in both directions, from the extracellular to the intracellular (outside-in) and from the intracellular to the extracellular (inside-out). Integrins are valid targets for antibodies and small-molecule antagonists. One example is the monoclonal antibody natalizumab, marketed under the name of TYSABRI®, used in the treatment of recurrent multiple sclerosis, which inhibits the adhesion of α4 integrin to its counter-receptor. α4ß1 Integrin antagonists are summarized here, and their utility as therapeutics are also discussed.


Assuntos
Integrina alfa4beta1 , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Adesão Celular , Integrina alfa4beta1/antagonistas & inibidores , Integrina alfa4beta1/fisiologia , Leucócitos
4.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 39(9): 3115-3127, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338151

RESUMO

Adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) is the predominant receptor in immune cells, where its activation triggers cAMP-mediated immunosuppressive signaling and the underlying inhibition of T cells activation and T cells-induced effects mediated by cAMP-dependent kinase proteins mechanisms. In this study, were used ADME/Tox, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations to investigate selective adenosine A2AR agonists as potential anti-inflammatory drugs. As a result, we obtained two promising compounds (A and B) that have satisfactory pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties and were able to interact with important residues of the A2AR binding cavity and during the molecular dynamics simulations were able to keep the enzyme complexed.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Assuntos
Preparações Farmacêuticas , Agonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P1 , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Receptor A2A de Adenosina
5.
Molecules ; 25(5)2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164183

RESUMO

Adenosine Receptor Type 2A (A2AAR) plays a role in important processes, such as anti-inflammatory ones. In this way, the present work aimed to search for compounds by pharmacophore-based virtual screening. The pharmacokinetic/toxicological profiles of the compounds, as well as a robust QSAR, predicted the binding modes via molecular docking. Finally, we used molecular dynamics to investigate the stability of interactions from ligand-A2AAR. For the search for A2AAR agonists, the UK-432097 and a set of 20 compounds available in the BindingDB database were studied. These compounds were used to generate pharmacophore models. Molecular properties were used for construction of the QSAR model by multiple linear regression for the prediction of biological activity. The best pharmacophore model was used by searching for commercial compounds in databases and the resulting compounds from the pharmacophore-based virtual screening were applied to the QSAR. Two compounds had promising activity due to their satisfactory pharmacokinetic/toxicological profiles and predictions via QSAR (Diverset 10002403 pEC50 = 7.54407; ZINC04257548 pEC50 = 7.38310). Moreover, they had satisfactory docking and molecular dynamics results compared to those obtained for Regadenoson (Lexiscan®), used as the positive control. These compounds can be used in biological assays (in vitro and in vivo) in order to confirm the potential activity agonist to A2AAR.


Assuntos
Receptores A2 de Adenosina/metabolismo , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/farmacologia , Agonistas do Receptor A2 de Adenosina/farmacologia , Humanos , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular/métodos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Molecules ; 24(8)2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30991684

RESUMO

Inflammation is a complex reaction involving cellular and molecular components and an unspecific response to a specific aggression. The use of scientific and technological innovations as a research tool combining multidisciplinary knowledge in informatics, biotechnology, chemistry and biology are essential for optimizing time and reducing costs in the drug design. Thus, the integration of these in silico techniques makes it possible to search for new anti-inflammatory drugs with better pharmacokinetic and toxicological profiles compared to commercially used drugs. This in silico study evaluated the anti-inflammatory potential of two benzoylpropionic acid derivatives (MBPA and DHBPA) using molecular docking and their thermodynamic profiles by molecular dynamics, in addition to predicting oral bioavailability, bioactivity and toxicity. In accordance to our predictions the derivatives proposed here had the potential capacity for COX-2 inhibition in the human and mice enzyme, due to containing similar interactions with the control compound (ibuprofen). Ibuprofen showed toxic predictions of hepatotoxicity (in human, mouse and rat; toxicophoric group 2-arylacetic or 3-arylpropionic acid) and irritation of the gastrointestinal tract (in human, mouse and rat; toxicophoric group alpha-substituted propionic acid or ester) confirming the literature data, as well as the efficiency of the DEREK 10.0.2 program. Moreover, the proposed compounds are predicted to have a good oral bioavailability profile and low toxicity (LD50 < 700 mg/kg) and safety when compared to the commercial compound. Therefore, future studies are necessary to confirm the anti-inflammatory potential of these compounds.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Benzoatos/química , Simulação por Computador , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ibuprofeno/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Propionatos/química , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Ratos
7.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 12(1)2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871010

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, responsible for 1.5 million documented deaths in 2016. The increase in reported cases of M. tuberculosis resistance to the main drugs show the need for the development of new and efficient drugs for better TB control. Based on these facts, this work aimed to use combined in silico techniques for the discovery of potential inhibitors to ß-ketoacyl-ACP synthase (MtKasA). Initially compounds from natural sources present in the ZINC database were selected, then filters were sequentially applied by virtual screening, initially with pharmacophoric modeling, and later the selected compounds (based on QFIT scores) were submitted to the DOCK 6.5 program. After recategorization of the variables (QFIT score and GRID score), compounds ZINC35465970 and ZINC31170017 were selected. These compounds showed great hydrophobic contributions and for each established system 100 ns of molecular dynamics simulations were performed and the binding free energy was calculated. ZINC35465970 demonstrated a greater capacity for the KasA enzyme inhibition, with a ΔGbind = -30.90 kcal/mol and ZINC31170017 presented a ΔGbind = -27.49 kcal/mol. These data can be used in other studies that aim at the inhibition of the same biological targets through drugs with a dual action.

8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 167: 357-366, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30776695

RESUMO

Schistosomiasis ranks second only to malaria as the most common parasitic disease worldwide. 700 million people are at risk and 240 million are already infected. Praziquantel is the anthelmintic of choice but decreasing efficacy has already been documented. In this work, we exploited the inhibition of Schistosoma mansoni dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (SmDHODH) as a strategy to develop new therapeutics to fight schistosomiasis. A series of quinones (atovaquone derivatives and precursors) was evaluated regarding potency and selectivity against both SmDHODH and human DHODH. The best compound identified is 17 (2-hydroxy-3-isopentylnaphthalene-1,4-dione) with IC50 = 23 ±â€¯4 nM and selectivity index of 30.83. Some of the new compounds are useful pharmacological tools and represent new lead structures for further optimization.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos/química , Desenho de Fármacos , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-CH/antagonistas & inibidores , Schistosoma mansoni/enzimologia , Esquistossomose mansoni/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Ligantes , Quinonas/síntese química , Quinonas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
J Mol Model ; 24(9): 225, 2018 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088101

RESUMO

Receptor-interacting protein kinase 2 (RIPK2) plays an essential role in autoimmune response and is suggested as a target for inflammatory diseases. A pharmacophore model was built from a dataset with ponatinib (template) and 18 RIPK2 inhibitors selected from BindingDB database. The pharmacophore model validation was performed by multiple linear regression (MLR). The statistical quality of the model was evaluated by the correlation coefficient (R), squared correlation coefficient (R2), explanatory variance (adjusted R2), standard error of estimate (SEE), and variance ratio (F). The best pharmacophore model has one aromatic group (LEU24 residue interaction) and two hydrogen bonding acceptor groups (MET98 and TYR97 residues interaction), having a score of 24.739 with 14 aligned inhibitors, which were used in virtual screening via ZincPharmer server and the ZINC database (selected in function of the RMSD value). We determined theoretical values of biological activity (logRA) by MLR, pharmacokinetic and toxicology properties, and made molecular docking studies comparing binding affinity (kcal/mol) results with the most active compound of the study (ponatinib) and WEHI-345. Nine compounds from the ZINC database show satisfactory results, yielding among those selected, the compound ZINC01540228, as the most promising RIPK2 inhibitor. After binding free energy calculations, the following molecular dynamics simulations showed that the receptor protein's backbone remained stable after the introduction of ligands.


Assuntos
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor , Linhagem Celular , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/enzimologia , Inflamação/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/química , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/metabolismo
10.
Molecules ; 23(2)2018 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463017

RESUMO

The Protein Kinase Receptor type 2 (RIPK2) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases; it signals downstream of the NOD1 and NOD2 intracellular sensors and promotes a productive inflammatory response. However, excessive NOD2 signaling has been associated with various diseases, including sarcoidosis and inflammatory arthritis; the pharmacological inhibition of RIPK2 is an affinity strategy that demonstrates an increased expression of pro-inflammatory secretion activity. In this study, a pharmacophoric model based on the crystallographic pose of ponatinib, a potent RIPK2 inhibitor, and 30 other ones selected from the BindingDB repository database, was built. Compounds were selected based on the available ZINC compounds database and in silico predictions of their pharmacokinetic, toxicity and potential biological activity. Molecular docking was performed to identify the probable interactions of the compounds as well as their binding affinity with RIPK2. The compounds were analyzed to ponatinib and WEHI-345, which also used as a control. At least one of the compounds exhibited suitable pharmacokinetic properties, low toxicity and an interesting binding affinity and high fitness compared with the crystallographic pose of WEHI-345 in complex with RIPK2. This compound also possessed suitable synthetic accessibility, rendering it a potential and very promising RIPK2 inhibitor to be further investigated in regards to different diseases, particularly inflammatory ones.


Assuntos
Imidazóis/química , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Piridazinas/química , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/antagonistas & inibidores , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Interface Usuário-Computador
11.
Nat Prod Commun ; 8(8): 1049-52, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24079164

RESUMO

We have previously reported the antimicrobial activity of the ethyl acetate extract of Marcetia latifolia, particularly against Candida parapsilosis. In this work we describe the isolation of two new cycloartane-type triterpenes, 28,29-bis-norcycloartan-3beta,4alpha-diol (1) and 28,29-bis-norcycloart-24-en-3beta,4alpha-diol (2) from the same extract. These compounds were mainly characterized by one- (1H, 13C and APT) and two-dimensional (1H-1H-COSY, 1H-1H-NOESY, HMQC and HMBC) NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and comparison with published structural data. In addition, the activity of triterpenes 1 and 2 on the Candida protease target was investigated by in silico methods using molecular docking.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Melastomataceae/química , Inibidores de Proteases/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida/enzimologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia
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