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1.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746741

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is undeniably invading the "surgical" space and expanding its indication. Over the last 5 years, there has been a real revolution in TAVI technology with the introduction of newer devices that aimed to simplify the procedure 1. These swift advances have transformed the landscape in structural heart disease and culminated in a broader use of TAVI in clinical practice 2, 3. The procedure is not only spreading worldwide but is also becoming less aggressive for the patient with the so-called "minimalist approach".

2.
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. ; 74(13 supl.): 187-187, Oct., 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1024965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessment of the safety and clinical performance of the Sirolimus-Eluting Bioabsorbable Magnesium Scaffold (DREAMS 2G) from the combined analysis of BIOSOLVE- II and -III studies at 36 months. METHODS A total of 184 subjects have been enrolled in the BIOSOLVE-II and -III studies. Clinical follow-ups are scheduled at 1, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months plus 60 months for BIOSOLVE-II. Angiographies are planned at 6 months and voluntarily at 12 and 36 months in BIOSOLVE-II, and 1 angiography is mandatory at 12 months in the BIOSOLVE-III study. Dual antiplatelet therapy is recommended for a minimum of 6 months. The angiographic results are analyzed by an independent core laboratory and all clinical events were adjudicated by an independent clinical events committee. RESULTS A total of 117 men and 67 women with 189 lesions, mean age 65.5 _ 10.8 years, were enrolled at 18 sites in Europe, Brazil, and Singapore. Hypertension was presente in 79.3% of the subjects and 62% had hyperlipidemia. The mean lesion length was 12.6 _ 5.1 mm with a mean reference vessel diameter of 2.70 _ 0.43 mm. At 12 months, 97 patients had available angiographic follow-up. There was no difference in late lumen loss between the 2 studies; in the overall population, it was 0.25 _ 0.31 mm in-segment and 0.39 _ 0.34 mm in-scaffold. The target lesion failure (TLF) rate of the combined population was 3.3%, including 2 cardiac deaths (1.1%), 1 target vessel myocardial infarction (0.6%), and 3 clinically driven target lesion revascularizations (1.7%). The 36-month clinical data of BIOSOLVE- II study are available. Target lesion failure occurred in 8 patients (6.8%) and included 2 cardiac deaths (1.7%), 1 target vessel myocardial infarction (0.9%), and 5 clinically driven target lesion revascularizations (4.3%). No definite or probable scaffold thrombosis was observed. The 36- month clinical visits are ongoing for BIOSOLVE-III patients and data of the combined cohort will be available upon presentation. CONCLUSION The 36-month results of DREAMS 2G, meaning 2 years beyond the completion of resorption, are encouraging on safety and clinical performance standpoints. They will be presented for a larger population of subjects enrolled in the BIOSOLVE-II and -III studies. (AU)


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos
3.
Comput Biol Med ; 113: 103409, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480007

RESUMO

The detection, quantification and characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaques has a major effect on the diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). Different studies have reported and evaluated the noninvasive ability of Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography (CTCA) to identify coronary plaque features. The identification of calcified plaques (CP) and non-calcified plaques (NCP) using CTCA has been extensively studied in cardiovascular research. However, NCP detection remains a challenging problem in CTCA imaging, due to the similar intensity values of NCP compared to the perivascular tissue, which surrounds the vasculature. In this work, we present a novel methodology for the identification of the plaque burden of the coronary artery and the volumetric quantification of CP and NCP utilizing CTCA images and we compare the findings with virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) and manual expert's annotations. Bland-Altman analyses were employed to assess the agreement between the presented methodology and VH-IVUS. The assessment of the plaque volume, the lesion length and the plaque area in 18 coronary lesions indicated excellent correlation with VH-IVUS. More specifically, for the CP lesions the correlation of plaque volume, lesion length and plaque area was 0.93, 0.84 and 0.85, respectively, whereas the correlation of plaque volume, lesion length and plaque area for the NCP lesions was 0.92, 0.95 and 0.81, respectively. In addition to this, the segmentation of the lumen, CP and NCP in 1350 CTCA slices indicated that the mean value of DICE coefficient is 0.72, 0.7 and 0.62, whereas the mean HD value is 1.95, 1.74 and 1.95, for the lumen, CP and NCP, respectively.

4.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 94(4): 644-650, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334914

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease is one of the most relevant endemic parasitic diseases in Latin America, affecting approximately 6 million people. Overt Chagas heart disease is an ominous condition, occurring in 20-30% of infected individuals, which has besides the persistent myocarditis a peculiar intracardiac ganglionic neuronal depletion and dysautonomy. This study aims to evaluate the safety and feasibility of renal denervation for patients with advanced symptomatic Chagas cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Open-label prospective pilot study that randomized patients with Chagas heart disease to either renal denervation or conservative treatment (2:1 ratio). The primary endpoint was the incidence of major adverse events at 9 months, defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, need for renal artery invasive treatment, or worsening renal function. RESULTS: A total of 17 patients were allocated for renal denervation (n = 11) or conservative treatment (n = 6). Included patients had severe symptomatic heart disease, with markedly depressed left ventricular function (average ejection fraction 26.7 ± 4.9%). For patients randomized to renal denervation, the procedure was performed successfully and uneventfully. After 9 months, the primary endpoint occurred in 36.4% of patients in the renal denervation group and 50.0% in the control arm (p = .6). After 9 months, clinical, laboratory, functional, echocardiographic, and quality of life parameters were similar between groups. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study suggests that renal denervation is safe and feasible in patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy, warranting future studies to better evaluate the clinical efficacy of the interventional strategy in improving the prognosis of this high-risk population.

5.
Lancet ; 393(10190): 2503-2510, 2019 06 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: New-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have mostly been investigated in head-to-head non-inferiority trials against early-generation DES and have typically shown similar efficacy and superior safety. How the safety profile of new-generation DES compares with that of bare-metal stents (BMS) is less clear. METHODS: We did an individual patient data meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials to compare outcomes after implantation of new-generation DES or BMS among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction. Data were pooled in a one-stage random-effects meta-analysis and examined at maximum follow-up and a 1-year landmark. Risk estimates are reported as hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs. This study is registered in PROSPERO, number CRD42017060520. FINDINGS: We obtained individual data for 26 616 patients in 20 randomised trials. Mean follow-up was 3·2 (SD 1·8) years. The risk of the primary outcome was reduced in DES recipients compared with BMS recipients (HR 0·84, 95% CI 0·78-0·90, p<0·001) owing to a reduced risk of myocardial infarction (0·79, 0·71-0·88, p<0·001) and a possible slight but non-significant cardiac mortality benefit (0·89, 0·78-1·01, p=0·075). All-cause death was unaffected (HR with DES 0·96, 95% CI 0·88-1·05, p=0·358), but risk was lowered for definite stent thrombosis (0·63, 0·50-0·80, p<0·001) and target-vessel revascularisation (0·55, 0·50-0·60, p<0·001). We saw a time-dependent treatment effect, with DES being associated with lower risk of the primary outcome than BMS up to 1 year after placement. While the effect was maintained in the longer term, there was no further divergence from BMS after 1 year. INTERPRETATION: The performance of new-generation DES in the first year after implantation means that BMS should no longer be considered the gold standard for safety. Further development of DES technology should target improvements in clinical outcomes beyond 1 year. FUNDING: Bern University Hospital.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Stents/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Razão de Chances , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(5): 392-398, May 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1006900

RESUMO

Introduction and objective: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drugeluting Resorbable Magnesium Scaffold (RMS), such as Magmaris. The aim of the study was to evaluate tissue modifications in the RMS edges over time, assessed by different invasive imaging modalities. Methods: The patients treated with the device were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS at baseline and 12 months. The EVR study performed a segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5 mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. Results: The segment-level grayscale IVUS (n=10), virtual histology IVUS (n=10), and OCT (n=18) analysis did not showany significant changes after 12months, except for a fibrous plaque area (FPA) reduction of 0.5mm2 (p=0.017) in the proximal segment compared to baseline. In the frame-level analysis, IVUS evaluation revealed a vessel area decreased 2.80 ± 1.43 mm2 (p = 0.012) and 2.49 ± 1.53 mm2 (p = 0.022) in 2 proximal frames. This was accompanied by plaque area reduction of 0.88 ± 0.70 mm2 (p = 0.048) and a FPA decreased by 0.63 ± 0.48mm2 (p = 0.004) in one proximal frame. In 1 distal frame, there was a dense calcium area reduction of 0.10 ± 0.12 mm2 (p = 0.045), FPA and fibrous fatty plaque increased 0.54 ± 0.53 mm2 (p = 0.023) and 0.17 ± 0.16 mm2 (p = 0.016), respectively. By OCT, there was a lumen area decrease of 0.76 ± 1.51 mm2 (p = 0.045) in a distal frame. Conclusion: At 12 months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment. This could be translated as a benign healing process a the edges of the RMS. Summary: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffolds (RMS), such as Magmaris. Patients treated with the device were assessed by multi invasive imagingmodalities [i.e. optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS] evaluating the tissue changes over timein the segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. As a result, after 12months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment, translating a benign healing process at the edges of the RMS.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
7.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(5): 392-398, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079817

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drug-eluting Resorbable Magnesium Scaffold (RMS), such as Magmaris. The aim of the study was to evaluate tissue modifications in the RMS edges over time, assessed by different invasive imaging modalities. METHODS: The patients treated with the device were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS at baseline and 12 months. The EVR study performed a segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5 mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. RESULTS: The segment-level grayscale IVUS (n = 10), virtual histology IVUS (n = 10), and OCT (n = 18) analysis did not show any significant changes after 12 months, except for a fibrous plaque area (FPA) reduction of 0.5mm2 (p = 0.017) in the proximal segment compared to baseline. In the frame-level analysis, IVUS evaluation revealed a vessel area decreased 2.80 ±â€¯1.43 mm2 (p = 0.012) and 2.49 ±â€¯1.53 mm2 (p = 0.022) in 2 proximal frames. This was accompanied by plaque area reduction of 0.88 ±â€¯0.70 mm2 (p = 0.048) and a FPA decreased by 0.63 ±â€¯0.48 mm2 (p = 0.004) in one proximal frame. In 1 distal frame, there was a dense calcium area reduction of 0.10 ±â€¯0.12 mm2 (p = 0.045), FPA and fibrous fatty plaque increased 0.54 ±â€¯0.53 mm2 (p = 0.023) and 0.17 ±â€¯0.16 mm2 (p = 0.016), respectively. By OCT, there was a lumen area decrease of 0.76 ±â€¯1.51 mm2 (p = 0.045) in a distal frame. CONCLUSION: At 12 months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment. This could be translated as a benign healing process at the edges of the RMS. SUMMARY: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffolds (RMS), such as Magmaris. Patients treated with the device were assessed by multi invasive imaging modalities [i.e. optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS] evaluating the tissue changes over time in the segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5 mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. As a result, after 12 months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment, translating a benign healing process at the edges of the RMS.

9.
Cardiovasc. revasc. med ; 20: 392-386, May 2019. ilus., tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-998567

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drugeluting Resorbable Magnesium Scaffold (RMS), such as Magmaris. The aim of the study was to evaluate tissue modifications in the RMS edges over time, assessed by different invasive imaging modalities. METHODS: The patients treated with the device were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS at baseline and 12 months. The EVR study performed a segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5 mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. RESULTS: The segment-level grayscale IVUS (n=10), virtual histology IVUS (n=10), and OCT (n=18) analysis did not showany significant changes after 12months, except for a fibrous plaque area (FPA) reduction of 0.5mm2 (p=0.017) in the proximal segment compared to baseline. In the frame-level analysis, IVUS evaluation revealed a vessel area decreased 2.80 ± 1.43 mm2 (p = 0.012) and 2.49 ± 1.53 mm2 (p = 0.022) in 2 proximal frames. This was accompanied by plaque area reduction of 0.88 ± 0.70 mm2 (p = 0.048) and a FPA decreased by 0.63 ± 0.48mm2 (p = 0.004) in one proximal frame. In 1 distal frame, there was a dense calcium area reduction of 0.10 ± 0.12 mm2 (p = 0.045), FPA and fibrous fatty plaque increased 0.54 ± 0.53 mm2 (p = 0.023) and 0.17 ± 0.16 mm2 (p = 0.016), respectively. By OCT, there was a lumen area decrease of 0.76 ± 1.51 mm2 (p =0.045) in a distal frame. CONCLUSION: At 12 months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment. This could be translated as a benign healing process at the edges of the RMS. SUMMARY: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffolds (RMS), such as Magmaris. Patients treated with the device were assessed by multi invasive imagingmodalities [i.e. optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS] evaluating the tissue changes over timein the segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. As a result, after 12months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment, translating a benign healing process at the edges of the RMS.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
10.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 92(6): 1049, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478882

RESUMO

The most important risk factors and preventive strategies for coronary atherosclerosis are systemic. However, the clinical manifestations of atherosclerotic disease frequently resemble a localized process, instead of a systemic one. In this issue of CCI, Zhang and co-workers described the association between the occurrence of stent failure and the changes in the 3D geometry of coronary segments induced by stent implantation. The investigation of local modulators of coronary disease appears as a large and fertile field of future cardiovascular research.

11.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2018: 899-902, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30440536

RESUMO

Coronary arterial imaging and the assessment of the severity of arterial stenoses can be achieved with several modalities classified mainly according to their invasive or noninvasive nature. These modalities can be further utilized for the 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the arterial geometry. This study aims to determine the prediction performance of atherosclerotic disease progression using reconstructed arteries from three reconstruction methodologies: Quantitative Coronary Analysis (QCA), Virtual Histology Intravascular Ultrasound (VH)-IVUS-Angiography fusion method and Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA). The accuracy of the reconstruction methods is assessed using several metrics such as Minimum lumen diameter (MLD), Reference vessel diameter (RVD), Lesion length (LL), Diameter stenosis (DS%) and the Mean wall shear stress (WSS). Five patients in a retrospective study who underwent X-ray angiography, VH-IVUS and CCTA are used for the method evaluation.

12.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(4): 551-552, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365678
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277641

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a novel computational algorithm based on three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging in estimating fractional flow reserve (IVUSFR), compared to gold-standard invasive measurements (FFRINVAS). BACKGROUND: IVUS provides accurate anatomical evaluation of the lumen and vessel wall and has been validated as a useful tool to guide percutaneous coronary intervention. However, IVUS poorly represents the functional status (i.e., flow-related information) of the imaged vessel. METHODS: Patients with known or suspected stable coronary disease scheduled for elective cardiac catheterization underwent FFRINVAS measurement and IVUS imaging in the same procedure to evaluate intermediate lesions. A processing methodology was applied on IVUS to generate a computational mesh condensing the geometric characteristics of the vessel. Computation of IVUSFR was obtained from patient-level morphological definition of arterial districts and from territory-specific boundary conditions. FFRINVAS measurements were dichotomized at the 0.80 threshold to define hemodynamically significant lesions. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients with 34 vessels were analyzed. IVUSFR significantly correlated (r = 0.79; P < 0.001) and showed good agreement with FFRINVAS, with a mean difference of -0.008 ± 0.067 (P = 0.47). IVUSFR presented an overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 91%, 89%, 92%, 80%, and 96%, respectively, to detect significant stenosis. CONCLUSION: The computational processing of IVUSFR is a new method that allows the evaluation of the functional significance of coronary stenosis in an accurate way, enriching the anatomical information of grayscale IVUS.

15.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(2): 193-202, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Balloon post-dilatation (BPD) is often needed for optimizing transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation, since paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with poor outcome and mortality. Quantitative assessment of PVL severity before and after BPD is mandatory to properly assess PVL, thus improving implantation results and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate a quantitative angiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) by videodensitometry before and after BPD. METHODS: Videodensitometric-AR assessments (VD-AR) before and after BPD were analysed in 61 cases. RESULTS: VD-AR decreased significantly from 24.0[18.0-30.5]% to 12.0[5.5-19.0]% (p < 0.001, a two-tailed p < 0.05 defined the statistical significance). The relative delta of VD-AR after BPD ranged from -100% (improvement) to +40% (deterioration) and its median value was -46.2%. The frequency of improvement, no change, and deterioration were 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) and 5% (n = 3), respectively. Significant AR (VD-AR > 17%) was observed in 47 patients (77%) before and in 19 patients (31%) after BPD. CONCLUSIONS: VD-AR after THV implantation provides a quantitative assessment of post-TAVI regurgitation and can help in the decision-making process on performing BPD and in determining its efficacy.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aortografia , Densitometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Gravação em Vídeo
17.
EuroIntervention ; 14(11): e1207-e1214, 2018 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222120

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the BioMime sirolimus-eluting coronary stent (SES) compared to the XIENCE family of everolimus-eluting coronary stents (EES) in the treatment of patients with de novo native coronary artery lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The meriT-V is a prospective, multicentre, randomised, open-label, active-controlled, non-inferiority trial. A total of 256 patients with up to two de novo native coronary artery lesions were enrolled and randomly assigned (2:1) to BioMime SES or XIENCE EES. BioMime SES was non-inferior to XIENCE EES for the primary endpoint of in-stent late lumen loss (0.15±0.27 mm vs. 0.15±0.29 mm; difference: -0.006 mm; 95% confidence interval: -0.085 to 0.072; p=0.87; p for non-inferiority <0.0001) at nine-month follow-up. The major adverse cardiac events rate was numerically lower in the BioMime SES group (2.98% vs. 7.14%; p=0.13), driven by a statistically significant lower risk of any myocardial infarction (0.60% vs. 4.76%; p=0.03), when compared with the XIENCE EES group. There was no difference in target vessel myocardial infarction (p=0.62) between the groups. There was no definite or probable stent thrombosis in either group. CONCLUSIONS: In the treatment of de novo native coronary artery lesions, the biodegradable polymer ultra-thin SES (BioMime) was non-inferior to a durable polymer EES (XIENCE) at nine-month follow-up. Further studies powered for clinical endpoints are needed.

18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(2): 193-202, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-950218

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Balloon post-dilatation (BPD) is often needed for optimizing transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation, since paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with poor outcome and mortality. Quantitative assessment of PVL severity before and after BPD is mandatory to properly assess PVL, thus improving implantation results and outcomes. Objective: To investigate a quantitative angiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) by videodensitometry before and after BPD. Methods: Videodensitometric-AR assessments (VD-AR) before and after BPD were analysed in 61 cases. Results: VD-AR decreased significantly from 24.0[18.0-30.5]% to 12.0[5.5-19.0]% (p < 0.001, a two-tailed p < 0.05 defined the statistical significance). The relative delta of VD-AR after BPD ranged from -100% (improvement) to +40% (deterioration) and its median value was -46.2%. The frequency of improvement, no change, and deterioration were 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) and 5% (n = 3), respectively. Significant AR (VD-AR > 17%) was observed in 47 patients (77%) before and in 19 patients (31%) after BPD. Conclusions: VD-AR after THV implantation provides a quantitative assessment of post-TAVI regurgitation and can help in the decision-making process on performing BPD and in determining its efficacy.


Resumo Fundamento: A pós-dilatação com balão (PDB) é normalmente necessária para otimização do implante da válvula cardíaca transcateter (THV), uma vez que o "escape" ou leak paravalvar (PVL) após implante de valva aórtica transcateter está associada com desfecho ruim e mortalidade. A avaliação quantitativa da gravidade do PVL antes e após a PDB é mandatória para se avaliar adequadamente o PVL e, assim, melhorar os resultados e os desfechos do implante. Objetivo: Investigar uma avalição angiográfica quantitativa da regurgitação aórtica (RA) por videodensitometria (VD-RA) antes e após a PDB. Métodos: Resultados da VD-RA antes e após a PDB foram analisados em 61 casos. Resultados Houve diminuição significativa da VD-RA de 24,0(18,0-30,5)% para 12,0(5,5-19,0)% (p < 0,001; p < 0,05 bilateral foi definido como significância estatística). O delta relativo de VD-RA após a PDB variou de -100% (melhora) a +40% (piora) e o valor mediano foi -46,2%. As frequências de melhora, ausência de mudança, e piora foram 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) e 5% (n = 3), respectivamente. Observou-se RA significativo (VD-RA > 17%) em 47 pacientes (77%) antes e em 19 pacientes (31%) após a PDB. Conclusões: A VD-RA após o implante de THV possibilita a avaliação quantitativa da regurgitação pós-TAVI, e pode auxiliar na tomada de decisão quanto à realização ou não da PDB, bem como na avaliação de sua eficácia.

19.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 91(6): 1043-1044, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737029

RESUMO

Failed CTO angioplasty was divided in two groups: with and without "subintimal plaque modification." At 1-month, patients treated with "subintimal plaque modification" had larger increases in health status as assessed by the Seattle Angina Questionnaire. The relatively small sample size and the lack of a longer follow-up period does not allow definite conclusion in terms of safety or clinical events.

20.
Front Physiol ; 9: 292, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29643815

RESUMO

Atherosclerotic plaque rupture and erosion are the most important mechanisms underlying the sudden plaque growth, responsible for acute coronary syndromes and even fatal cardiac events. Advances in the understanding of the culprit plaque structure and composition are already reported in the literature, however, there is still much work to be done toward in-vivo plaque visualization and mechanical characterization to assess plaque stability, patient risk, diagnosis and treatment prognosis. In this work, a methodology for the mechanical characterization of the vessel wall plaque and tissues is proposed based on the combination of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging processing, data assimilation and continuum mechanics models within a high performance computing (HPC) environment. Initially, the IVUS study is gated to obtain volumes of image sequences corresponding to the vessel of interest at different cardiac phases. These sequences are registered against the sequence of the end-diastolic phase to remove transversal and longitudinal rigid motions prescribed by the moving environment due to the heartbeat. Then, optical flow between the image sequences is computed to obtain the displacement fields of the vessel (each associated to a certain pressure level). The obtained displacement fields are regarded as observations within a data assimilation paradigm, which aims to estimate the material parameters of the tissues within the vessel wall. Specifically, a reduced order unscented Kalman filter is employed, endowed with a forward operator which amounts to address the solution of a hyperelastic solid mechanics model in the finite strain regime taking into account the axially stretched state of the vessel, as well as the effect of internal and external forces acting on the arterial wall. Due to the computational burden, a HPC approach is mandatory. Hence, the data assimilation and computational solid mechanics computations are parallelized at three levels: (i) a Kalman filter level; (ii) a cardiac phase level; and (iii) a mesh partitioning level. To illustrate the capabilities of this novel methodology toward the in-vivo analysis of patient-specific vessel constituents, mechanical material parameters are estimated using in-silico and in-vivo data retrieved from IVUS studies. Limitations and potentials of this approach are exposed and discussed.

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