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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(10): 5629-5639, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of an intermediate layer of a flowable resin composite in class II resin composite restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors searched MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, Embase, and Web of Science electronic databases, and the ClinicalTrials.gov website to identify laboratory and clinical studies that evaluated class II cavities with resin composite restorations with or without an intermediate layer of flowable resin composite. Two authors independently selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias and the quality of the evidence. Meta-analyses were performed using RevMan5.3 with fixed-effects model comparing bond strength (MPa), fracture strength (Newton), and clinical (number of failures) outcomes between restorative techniques (with or without flowable resin composite as an intermediate layer). RESULTS: From 1707 potentially eligible studies, 140 in vitro studies and 14 clinical studies were selected for full-text analysis, and 11 were included in the systematic review, being 7 in vitro and 4 clinical studies. There was no statistically significant difference between the restorative techniques considering the outcomes evaluated. The heterogeneity found was null. The risk of bias was classified as medium for in vitro studies and unclear in most clinical studies. The quality of the evidence of the clinical studies was low. CONCLUSION: The use of flowable resin composite as an intermediate layer does not improve the effectiveness of the class II restorations based on laboratory and clinical outcomes. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Flowable resin composite as an intermediate layer may be used for class II restorations; however, this technique does not improve the effectiveness of the class II restorations.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Resinas Compostas , Humanos
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e058, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346946

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Criança , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Fluoretos , Fluoretos Tópicos/uso terapêutico , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Humanos , Dente Molar , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico
3.
Pediatr Dent ; 43(3): 170-177, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172109

RESUMO

Purpose: To systematically review the literature to compare the bond strength of universal adhesives with etch-and-rinse and self-etch systems to primary teeth. Methods: The search was carried out in PubMed® /MEDLINE, Scopus® , LILACS, Embase® , and Web of Science™ databases with no restrictions. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias. Direct comparisons among universal adhesive in etch-and-rinse (UER) and self-etch (USE) modes and etch-and-rinse (ER) and self-etch (SE) systems were performed considering different substrates (sound enamel and dentin, and carious dentin) through meta-analyses of random effects. A mixed treatment comparisons meta-analysis was also performed comparing the bond strength of all adhesive approaches on sound dentin. Results: From 3,276 potentially eligible studies, 18 were selected for full-text analysis, and eight were included in the systematic review. All studies included in the meta-analyses evaluated a mild universal adhesive (Scotchbond™ Universal). In direct comparisons, there was no difference between USE and SE to sound enamel (mean difference [MD] equals 5.22; 95 percent confidence interval [95% CI] equals -9.09 to 19.52). In carious dentin, the results favored only ER over USE (MD equals -3.88; 95% CI equals -7.40 to -0.37). In sound dentin, the bond strength values of UER were higher than ER (MD equals 5.50; 95% CI equals 4.03 to 6.96). The rank probability showed that the best treatment on sound dentin was UER. Conclusion: Pooled in vitro data suggest that a mild universal adhesive system can substitute the etch-and-rinse and self-etch systems for restoring primary teeth.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metanálise em Rede , Cimentos de Resina , Dente Decíduo
4.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 243-252, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060304

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of the etching strategy of universal adhesives on bond degradation to sound and artificially-induced caries-affected dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The universal adhesives (Scotchbond Universal Adhesive; All-Bond Universal; Prime&Bond Elect) and adhesives used as controls (Adper Single Bond 2 and Clearfil SE Bond) were applied to sound and artificially-induced caries-affected bovine dentin. Microtensile bond strength was evaluated immediately (24 h) and after one year of water storage (1 year). Representative specimens were also prepared to assess nanoleakage. Bond strength data (MPa) were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey's test (α = 0.05), considering each substrate separately. RESULTS: Bonding degradation was observed for all universal adhesives on caries-affected dentin, irrespective of the etching strategy. On sound dentin, bonding degradation was observed when adhesives were used on the etch-and-rinse strategy. CONCLUSION: The universal adhesives were not capable of maintaining bond stability over time on caries-affected dentin. The self-etch strategy seems better able to maintain the durability of adhesive interfaces created on sound dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Dentina , Resistência à Tração
5.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 22(4): 537-545, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33763823

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the quality of root canal filling of primary teeth using lentulospiral in comparison with other instruments. METHODS: Electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, TRIP, LILACS, and CENTRAL Cochrane) were searched up to Jan 2021. Clinical trials that compared the quality of root canal filling of endodontically treated primary teeth using lentulospiral with other instruments were included. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias. Two outcomes were considered: inadequate root canal filling (under or overfilling) and presence of voids. Conventional meta-analyses were performed using a fixed-effects model. Statistical analyses were performed using RevMan5.3 at a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Of the 68 potentially relevant studies, eight were selected for full-text analysis, and three were included in the systematic review. The use of syringes resulted in a lower risk of presence of voids in the root canal filling compared to the use of lentulospiral (RR: 0.62 95% CI 0.45; 0.85). However, there was no difference between lentulospiral and bi-directional spiral (RR:1.17 95% CI: 0.90; 1.51). There was no significant difference between lentulospiral and syringes (RR: 1.37 95% CI 1.00; 1.87) considering the length of the root canal filling. The use of bi-directional spiral had a higher risk of inadequate root canal filling compared to the use of lentulospiral (RR: 1.75 95% CI: 1.12; 2.74). Two studies were at "high", and one study at "unclear" risk of bias in the key domains. CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient scientific evidence showing the superiority of using lentulospiral for the root canal filling in endodontically treated primary teeth. Due to the limited level of evidence, professionals may opt to choose the instrument based on their preferences.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
6.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1287505

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the influence de two instruments for evaluation of cariogenic foods consumption by schoolchildren. Material and Methods: The convenience sample comprised of 30 active-caries children (7-10 years old) attended in a public dental clinic and their mothers, who have not received dietary orientation before study. A trained evaluator administered the Previous Day Food Questionnaire (PDFQ) to children and other examiner applied the 24-hour dietary recall with mothers. Internal consistency between PDFQ and 24-hour dietary recall regarding frequency of sugar intake was calculated using intraclass correlation coefficient. Bivariate analyses (Mann-Whitney test) were performed to investigate the factors associated with frequency of sugar intake when using both instruments (α=0.05). Results: A moderate correlation (ICC = 0.51; 95%CI: -0.04-0.77; p=0.03) was found between instruments. Mean frequency of sugar intake reported by mothers and children was 3.5 (± 1.8) and 3.7 (± 1.5) times a day, respectively. When using the PDFQ, the frequency of cariogenic foods consumption varied depending on frequency of toothbrushing, i.e., children that had higher frequency of sugar intake brushed their teeth at least two times a day (p=0.016). Conclusion: Previous Day Food Questionnaire applied with schoolchildren could substitute the mothers' reports of cariogenic foods consumption when dietary interventions for controlling dental caries are necessary. If doubts remain regarding the children's response, mothers should be consulted.

7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e058, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1285725

RESUMO

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Fluoretos Tópicos/uso terapêutico , Fluoretos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Dente Molar
8.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(5): 443-453, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073776

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature to determine whether silane combined with adhesive application improves the repair bond strength of direct methacrylate-based resin composites in comparison to the use of an adhesive alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature up to December 2019 was searched through PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Lilacs databases with no publication year or language limits. From 676 potentially eligible studies, 81 were selected for full-text analysis, and 19 were included in the systematic review. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias. Meta-analyses were conducted using a random effects model to calculate pooled mean differences between adhesive- vs silane-plus-adhesive surface treatments (global meta-analysis) and considering subgroup analyses (immediate and aged repair bond strengths and type of silane - hydrolyzed or nonhydrolyzed). Statistical analyses were performed using RevMan5.3 at a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Global meta-analysis showed that the use of silane prior to adhesive application produced significantly higher repair bond strengths (p=0.003). A higher mean difference (effect size: 7.30, 95% CI: 2.91-17.51) between groups was found when nonhydrolyzed silanes were used. The heterogeneity was high. Studies scored between medium and high risk of bias. CONCLUSION: An additional silane application step could increase the repair bond strength of methacrylate-based resin composites.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Silanos , Cimentos Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
9.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e081, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696905

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of shortening of etching time for dentin on the restoration survival after selective carious tissue removal in primary molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included sixty-two subjects (5-8 year-old) and 100 primary molars presenting moderate dentin carious lesions on occlusal surface. The sample was randomly assigned into groups previously to adhesive application (Adper Single Bond 2; 3M ESPE): etching time recommended by manufacturer (15 s) or reduced (7 s). Resin composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative; 3M ESPE) was inserted in a single increment for all restorations. Restorations were evaluated at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months using FDI criteria. Survival estimates for restorations' longevity were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to assess the factors associated with failures (p < 0.05). The etching time did not influence the restorations' survival (HR 0.35 95%CI 0.11-1.12; p = 0.06). Mean estimated time of survival was 17.6 months (95%CI, 17.2-17.9). The survival rates at the 18-month follow-up were 75.7% and 91.4% (AFR: 16.9% and 5.7%) when primary dentin was acid etched for 15 and 7 s, respectively (log-rank p = 0.06). In conclusion, the etching time for dentin did not influence the clinical behavior of adhesives restorations. However, there was a tendency for better clinical outcome when using etching time of 7 s.


Assuntos
Dente Decíduo , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Dente Molar
10.
J Dent ; 101: 103421, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study is nested in a randomized clinical trial. It was designed to evaluate the influence of using two different clinical criteria to assess caries lesion around restorations on the decision to replace restorations in primary posterior teeth. Variables that might influence this decision were also considered. METHODS: One trained and calibrated examiner assessed 550 restorations of 160 children (3-10 years old). Children were randomized to have their restorations evaluated and subsequently treated according to World Dental Federation (FDI) or Caries Associated with Restorations and Sealants (CARS) criteria. After reaching the treatment decision, the same examiner performed another evaluation using the other criteria. Spearman's correlation coefficients and 95 % confidence intervals (95 %CI) between the scores obtained with both criteria and respective treatment decisions were calculated. Poisson multilevel regression analysis were performed between the exploratory variables related to children, restored tooth and restoration assessment; the outcome variables were decisions related to restoration replacement, any operative intervention and presence of secondary caries. RESULTS: The strongest correlation observed between the methods was for recurrence of caries. A total of 94 restorations (17.1 %) were indicated for replacement with FDI criteria and 30 (5.5 %) were indicated for replacement with CARS. Besides the diagnostic method used, number of decayed teeth and restorations with two and three restored surfaces were associated with the decision of replacement and presence of recurrent caries lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The decision to replace posterior restorations in primary teeth is influenced by the criteria used for the restorations assessment and also by the children's caries experience and multisurface restorations. The restoration material did not influence the decision of restorations replacement. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The decision to replace posterior restoration in primary teeth is strongly related to the evaluation method and not only by patients' risk factors.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resinas Compostas , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Materiais Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e045, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401935

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of a silane-containing universal adhesive used with or without a silane agent on the repair bond strength between aged and new composites. Forty nanohybrid composite resin blocks were stored in distilled water for 14 d and thermo-cycled. Sandpaper ground, etched, and rinsed speciments were randomly assigned into four experimental groups: silane + two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system, two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system, silane + silane-containing universal adhesive system, and silane-containing universal adhesive system. Blocks were repaired using the same composite. After 24 h of water storage, the blocks were sectioned and bonded sticks were submitted to microtensile testing. Ten unaged, non-repaired composite blocks were used as a reference group to evaluate the cohesive strength of the composite. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests were used to analyze average µTBS. One-way ANOVA and Dunnet post-hoc tests were used to compare the cohesive strength values and bond strength obtained in the repaired groups (α = 0.05). The µTBS values were higher for the silane-containing universal adhesive compared to the two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system (p = 0.002). Silane application improved the repair bond strength (p = 0.03). The repair bond strength ranged from 39.3 to 65.8% of the cohesive strength of the reference group. Using universal silane-containing adhesive improved the repair bond strength of composite resin compared to two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive. However, it still required prior application of a silane agent for best direct composite resin repair outcomes.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Silanos/química , Análise de Variância , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(1): 71-77, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated factors associated with failure of adhesive restorations in primary teeth and whether repair may increase the survival of failed restorations placed in high-caries risk children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised children who attended a university dental service to perform restorative treatment in primary teeth. Data were collected retrospectively from clinical records to assess the longevity of restorations. The outcomes were calculated in two levels: "Success" (Level 1)-when any re-intervention was considered as failure; "Survival" (Level 2)-when repaired restorations were considered clinically acceptable. The Kaplan-Meier survival test was used to analyze the longevity of restorations. Multivariate Cox regression with shared frailty was used to assess factors associated with failures (p < 0.05). RESULTS: A total of 584 primary teeth restorations (178 patients) were included in the analysis. The longevity of restorations up to 36 months (Level 1) was 34.8% (AFR 29.6%). Multi-surface restorations showed significantly more failures than single-surface ones (HR 1.69; 95% CI 1.18, 2.41), and endodontically treated teeth presented more failures compared to vital teeth (HR 2.22; 95% CI 1.35, 3.65). There was an increase in restoration survival when repair was not considered as failure (p < 0.001). The survival of repaired restorations (Level 2) reached 43.7% (AFR 24.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Adhesive restorations placed in primary teeth of high-caries risk children showed restricted longevity; however, the repair of failed restorations has increased its survival over time. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Repair is a more conservative and technically simple procedure that increases the survival of failed restorations in primary teeth.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Criança , Resinas Compostas , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dente Decíduo , Universidades
13.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 30(2): 136-143, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630473

RESUMO

Sleep bruxism (SB) is a masticatory muscle activity during sleep that can cause several consequences to the stomatognathic system. This systematic review investigated the impact of SB on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 0- to 6-year-old children. Literature search was undertaken through PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Scopus, TRIP, Livivo databases, and grey literature. The search was conducted with no publication year or language limits. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted the data and assessed the risk of bias. The quality of evidence was assessed using GRADE. From 185 potentially eligible studies, three were included in the review. All studies were conducted in Brazil, published between 2015 and 2017, and used the B-ECOHIS instrument to evaluate OHRQoL. Two studies found no association between SB and OHRQoL, whereas one showed a significant negative impact of SB on the OHRQoL of children. SB was associated with respiratory problems, presence of tooth wear, dental caries, malocclusion as well as income and pacifier use. Risk of bias ranged from moderate to high, and the quality of evidence was judged as very low. The evidence is currently insufficient for definitive conclusions about the impact of SB on OHRQoL of children.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Bruxismo do Sono , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido
14.
F1000Res ; 9: 650, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33520191

RESUMO

Introduction: The detection of caries lesions around restoration can be challenging. Therefore, the use of some criteria has been proposed in order to give more objectivity to the diagnosis process. Two of them are the International Dental Federation (FDI) and the Caries Associated with Restorations and Sealants (CARS) criteria. Both methods have a different approach to caries, and it is not possible to know which one of them is the best to use in clinical practice to assess restorations in children. Thus, the present protocol aims to evaluate the effect of the use of the FDI and CARS criteria in the assessment of caries lesions around restorations in primary teeth on outcomes related to oral health in children and costs resulting from the assessments. Methods and analysis: A total of 626 restorations of children from three to 10 years were randomly assessed and are being treated following the FDI criteria (FDI group) or CARS criteria (CARS group). Participants will be followed-up after six, 12, 18, and 24 months. The primary outcome will be the need for a new intervention in the evaluated restorations. This outcome consists of several components, and each of these events will be analyzed separately as secondary outcomes. The changes in children's oral health-related quality of life and the cost of the restoration dental treatments will also be analyzed as secondary outcomes. The methods will be compared using the Cox regression model with shared frailty. A significance level of 5% will be adopted for all statistical analyses. Discussion: This will be the first randomized clinical study carried out regarding the detection of caries lesions around restorations in primary teeth. Trial registration: The study underwent registration in Clinicaltrials.gov ( NCT03520309) on 9 May 2018.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dente Decíduo , Criança , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e045, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132712

RESUMO

Abstract This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of a silane-containing universal adhesive used with or without a silane agent on the repair bond strength between aged and new composites. Forty nanohybrid composite resin blocks were stored in distilled water for 14 d and thermo-cycled. Sandpaper ground, etched, and rinsed speciments were randomly assigned into four experimental groups: silane + two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system, two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system, silane + silane-containing universal adhesive system, and silane-containing universal adhesive system. Blocks were repaired using the same composite. After 24 h of water storage, the blocks were sectioned and bonded sticks were submitted to microtensile testing. Ten unaged, non-repaired composite blocks were used as a reference group to evaluate the cohesive strength of the composite. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests were used to analyze average µTBS. One-way ANOVA and Dunnet post-hoc tests were used to compare the cohesive strength values and bond strength obtained in the repaired groups (α = 0.05). The µTBS values were higher for the silane-containing universal adhesive compared to the two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system (p = 0.002). Silane application improved the repair bond strength (p = 0.03). The repair bond strength ranged from 39.3 to 65.8% of the cohesive strength of the reference group. Using universal silane-containing adhesive improved the repair bond strength of composite resin compared to two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive. However, it still required prior application of a silane agent for best direct composite resin repair outcomes.


Assuntos
Silanos/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Valores de Referência , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo , Teste de Materiais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Variância , Colagem Dentária/métodos
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e081, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132665

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of shortening of etching time for dentin on the restoration survival after selective carious tissue removal in primary molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included sixty-two subjects (5-8 year-old) and 100 primary molars presenting moderate dentin carious lesions on occlusal surface. The sample was randomly assigned into groups previously to adhesive application (Adper Single Bond 2; 3M ESPE): etching time recommended by manufacturer (15 s) or reduced (7 s). Resin composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative; 3M ESPE) was inserted in a single increment for all restorations. Restorations were evaluated at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months using FDI criteria. Survival estimates for restorations' longevity were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to assess the factors associated with failures (p < 0.05). The etching time did not influence the restorations' survival (HR 0.35 95%CI 0.11-1.12; p = 0.06). Mean estimated time of survival was 17.6 months (95%CI, 17.2-17.9). The survival rates at the 18-month follow-up were 75.7% and 91.4% (AFR: 16.9% and 5.7%) when primary dentin was acid etched for 15 and 7 s, respectively (log-rank p = 0.06). In conclusion, the etching time for dentin did not influence the clinical behavior of adhesives restorations. However, there was a tendency for better clinical outcome when using etching time of 7 s.


Assuntos
Dente Decíduo , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina , Dente Molar
17.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135490

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To investigate the association between child's daytime caring person and risk for higher early childhood caries (ECC) experience. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of all clinical records (census) of children (0-3 years old) attended in a public dental clinic, which contained information about caries experience and child's daytime caring person (mother, grandmother or others). Caries experience was dichotomized as dmft ≤ 2 or dmft >2. Data were analyzed by the chi-square (α = 0.05). Binary logistic regression models were built. Results: From a total of 310 children, 19% of children had the grandmother as daytime caring person. There was no association between child's daytime caring person and caries experience (p=0.32). Logistic regression analysis showed that low daytime caregiver schooling (OR: 5.76 95%CI 1.18-28.18; p=0.02) and child's age (OR: 1.14 95% CI 1.09-1.19; p=0.00) were risk factors, and breastfeeding duration (> 9 months - OR: 0.38 95% CI 0.21-0.68; p=0.00), no nocturnal feeding (OR: 0.50 95% CI 0.27-0.91; p=0.02), and absence of sugar consumption between main meals (OR: 0.50 95% CI 0.28-0.89; p=0.02) were protection factors for ECC. Conclusion: A higher caries experience in early childhood is not associated to child's daytime caring person. On the other hand, the higher caries experience is associated with low caregiver schooling and older children.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Dente Decíduo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Cuidadores , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Brasil/epidemiologia , Aleitamento Materno , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Modelos Logísticos , Clínicas Odontológicas
18.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1101281

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To assess the reproducibility of two clinical criteria for the evaluation of restorations in primary teeth and the impact on treatment decision. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed selecting 71 resin-based composite restorations placed in primary molars of children who had sought dental treatment at a dental school. Two trained examiners evaluated independently the restorations using modified FDI and USPHS criteria. All restorations were assessed separately with each system in random order to avoid memory bias. Kappa statistics were used to determine inter-examiner reliability considering each parameter of both criteria and score final about treatment decision. McNemar test was used to compare the treatment decision with two criteria. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: Kappa values ranged from 0.28 to 0.93 with USPHS and 0.28 to 0.88 with FDI, considering each parameter separately. Inter-examiner agreement for treatment decision was excellent for both criteria (Kappa: 0.85-0.90). For clinical decision-making, no difference between criteria was found, irrespective of examiner. Conclusion: Low inter-examiner agreement for evaluation of each parameter of USPHS and FDI criteria does not reflect on reproducibility for treatment decision. Both criteria may be suitable for evaluation of composite restorations in primary teeth.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Dente Decíduo , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Dente Molar , Faculdades de Odontologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico
19.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 150(7): 582-590.e1, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials comparing the risk of experiencing restoration failure in primary teeth after complete and selective carious tissue removal of soft dentin. METHODS: The authors searched electronic databases (PubMed [MEDLINE], Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and the ClinicalTrials.gov Web site with manual searching and cross-referencing for trials reporting restoration failure after follow-up of 6 months or longer. Two reviewers independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias and quality of evidence using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach. The authors performed intention-to-treat and per-protocol meta-analyses and calculated odds ratios (OR) as effect estimates in the random-effects model. RESULTS: From 327 potentially eligible studies, the authors selected 23 for full-text screening and included 4. Results showed increased risk of experiencing restoration failure (intention-to-treat analysis, OR [95% confidence interval] 1.74 [1.01 to 3.00], and per-protocol analysis, OR [95% confidence interval] 1.79 [1.04 to 3.09]) after selective carious tissue removal of soft dentin. The risk of bias was high, and the quality of evidence was low. CONCLUSIONS: Selective carious tissue removal of soft dentin may increase the risk of experiencing restoration failure in primary teeth. However, the evidence level is insufficient for definitive conclusions. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Patients with restorations performed after selective carious tissue removal of soft dentin should have shorter recall visit intervals to evaluate the restorations' quality and control caries disease, allowing for more conservative approaches, such as repair, in cases of defective restorations.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dente Decíduo , Gerenciamento de Dados , Dentina , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e038, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141036

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the bond strength of a universal adhesive system to enamel surrounding real-life carious cavities. Twenty-eight permanent molars (n = 7) with carious lesions in dentin were subjected to selective carious tissue removal to firm dentin and had their crowns sectioned longitudinally. A universal adhesive system (Single Bond Universal [SBU] used in either etch-and-rinse and self-etch strategies) was compared with an etch-and-rinse Adper Single Bond 2 (ASB) and a self-etch Clearfil SE Bond (CSE) adhesive systems (control systems). Adhesives were applied on the enamel, assumed demineralized, surrounding the cavity margins and on sound enamel (control substrate). Composite cylinders were built (0.72 mm2) and microshear bond strength (µSBS) test was performed after 24 h of water storage. The µSBS values (MPa) were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests (α = 0.05). Bond strength values obtained in demineralized enamel surrounding carious cavity margins were significantly lower than that obtained in sound enamel (distant from carious cavity margins) (p = 0.035). The bonding strategy of the SBU did not influenced the bond strength values, which were higher than that obtained with ASB. CSE showed similar µSBS values to ASB and SBU in the self-etch mode. In conclusion, the bond strength to enamel assumed demineralized is lower than to sound enamel. The enamel surrounding carious cavities jeopardize the bonding of universal adhesive system. The bond strength of universal adhesive is similar, regardless to bonding strategy.


Assuntos
Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cimentos Dentários/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise de Variância , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/uso terapêutico , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Distribuição Aleatória , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície
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