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1.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(509)2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511424

RESUMO

Aortic stenosis (AS) management is classically guided by symptoms and valvular metrics. However, the natural history of AS is dictated by coupling of the left ventricle, aortic valve, and vascular system. We investigated whether metrics of ventricular and vascular state add to the appreciation of AS state above valve gradient alone. Seventy patients with severe symptomatic AS were prospectively followed from baseline to 30 days after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Quality of life (QOL) was assessed using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire. Left ventricular stroke work (SWLV) and vascular impedance spectrums were calculated noninvasively using in-house models based on central blood pressure waveforms, along with hemodynamic parameters from echocardiograms. Patients with higher preprocedural SWLV and lower vascular impedance were more likely to experience improved QOL after TAVR. Patients fell into two categories: those who did and those who did not exhibit increase in blood pressure after TAVR. In patients who developed hypertension (19%), vascular impedance increased and SWLV remained unchanged (impedance at zeroth harmonic: Z 0, from 3964.4 to 4851.8 dyne·s/cm3, P = 0.039; characteristic impedance: Z c, from 376.2 to 603.2 dyne·s/cm3, P = 0.033). SWLV dropped only in patients who did not develop new hypertension after TAVR (from 1.58 to 1.26 J; P < 0.001). Reduction in valvular pressure gradient after TAVR did not predict change in SWLV (r = 0.213; P = 0.129). Reduction of SWLV after TAVR may be an important metric in management of AS, rather than relying solely on the elimination of transvalvular pressure gradients.

2.
Eur Heart J ; 40(27): 2218-2227, 2019 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505615

RESUMO

AIMS: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is now an established therapy for intermediate-risk surgical candidates with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis. The clinical impact of new-onset left bundle branch block (LBBB) after TAVR remains controversial and has not been studied in intermediate-risk patients. We therefore sought to analyse outcomes associated with new LBBB in a large cohort of intermediate-risk patients treated with TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 2043 patients underwent TAVR in the PARTNER II trial and S3 intermediate-risk registry and survived to hospital discharge. Patients were excluded from the current analysis due to baseline conduction disturbances, pre-existing permanent pacemaker (PPM), and new PPM during the index hospitalization. Clinical outcomes at 2 years were compared between patients with and without persistent, new-onset LBBB at hospital discharge, and multivariable analysis was performed to identify predictors of mortality. Among 1179 intermediate-risk patients, new-onset LBBB at discharge occurred in 179 patients (15.2%). Patients with new LBBB were similar to those without except for more frequent diabetes and more frequent treatment with SAPIEN 3 vs. SAPIEN XT. At 2 years, new LBBB was associated with increased rates of all-cause mortality (19.3% vs. 10.8%, P = 0.002), cardiovascular mortality (16.2% vs. 6.5%, P < 0.001), rehospitalization, and new PPM implantation. By multivariable analysis, new LBBB remained an independent predictor of 2-year all-cause [hazard ratio (HR) 1.98, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.33, 2.96; P < 0.001] and cardiovascular (HR 2.66 95% CI 1.67, 4.24; P < 0.001) mortality. New LBBB was also associated with worse left ventricular systolic function at 1 and 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In a large cohort of intermediate-risk patients from the PARTNER II trial and registry, persistent, new-onset LBBB occurred in 15.2% of patients without baseline conduction disturbances or pacemaker. New LBBB was associated with adverse clinical outcomes at 2 years, including all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, rehospitalization, new pacemaker implantation, and worsened left ventricular systolic function. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT01314313 and NCT03222128.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This multicenter retrospective study of the initial U.S. experience evaluated the safety and efficacy of temporary cardiac pacing with the Tempo® Temporary Pacing Lead. BACKGROUND: Despite increasing use of temporary cardiac pacing with the rapid growth of structural heart procedures, temporary pacing leads have not significantly improved. The Tempo lead is a new temporary pacing lead with a soft tip intended to minimize the risk of perforation and a novel active fixation mechanism designed to enhance lead stability. METHODS: Data from 269 consecutive structural heart procedures were collected. Outcomes included device safety (absence of clinically significant cardiac perforation, new pericardial effusion, or sustained ventricular arrhythmia) and efficacy (clinically acceptable pacing thresholds with successful pace capture throughout the index procedure). Postprocedure practices and sustained lead performance were also analyzed. RESULTS: The Tempo lead was successfully positioned in the right ventricle and achieved pacing in 264 of 269 patients (98.1%). Two patients (0.8%) experienced loss of pace capture. Procedural mean pace capture threshold (PCT) was 0.7 ± 0.8 mA. There were no clinically significant perforations, pericardial effusions, or sustained device-related arrhythmias. The Tempo lead was left in place postprocedure in 189 patients (71.6%) for mean duration of 43.3 ± 0.7 hr (range 2.5-221.3 hr) with final PCT of 0.84 ± 1.04 mA (n = 80). Of these patients, 84.1% mobilized out of bed with no lead dislodgment. CONCLUSION: The Tempo lead is safe and effective for temporary cardiac pacing for structural heart procedures, provides stable peri and postprocedural pacing and allows mobilization of patients who require temporary pacing leads.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452322

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe outcomes after suprasternal (SS) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) as a new alternative access approach. BACKGROUND: There still remains a cohort of the TAVR population who are not suitable for a transfemoral (TF) approach. SS-TAVR is a safe and effective alternative to TF-TAVR and has now become our preferred alternative access route. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients from New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center and Princeton Baptist Medical Center who underwent SS-TAVR from 2015 to July 2018. A total of 84 patients were included in the study. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in all cases. Thirty-day survival was 98.8% (n = 83). There were minimal complications. Most notably, there were no transient ischemic attacks or strokes (0%, n = 0). Reexploration for bleeding was 3.6% (n = 3), and major bleeding was 1.7% (n = 1). We also achieved satisfactory results with a mean aortic valve gradient of 6.07 ± 3.79 mmHg and an aortic valve area of 2.21 ± 0.51 cm2 . No patients had anything more than mild paravalvular leak. The mean length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit was 1.42 ± 1.23 days, and hospital LOS was 4.20 ± 3.29 days. CONCLUSIONS: SS access for TAVR is an extremely important technique to have in any valve team's alternative access armamentarium. This technique can be safely and reliably reproduced with any standard hybrid operating room setup and no additional equipment, and it can be used with any commercially available valve system. In the current experience, minimal complications and excellent early term results were obtained.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1580-1589, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study sought to determine the patterns of antithrombotic therapy and association with clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack or thromboembolism, vascular disease, age 65-74 years, sex category) score ≥2 following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: The impact of antithrombotic regimens on clinical outcomes in patients with AF and severe aortic stenosis treated with TAVR is unknown. METHODS: In the randomized PARTNER II (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valve II) trial and associated registries, 1,621 patients with prior AF and CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2 comprised the study cohort. Outcomes were analyzed according to antithrombotic therapy. RESULTS: During the 5-year enrollment period, 933 (57.6%) patients were discharged on oral anticoagulant therapy (OAC). Uninterrupted antiplatelet therapy (APT) for at least 6 months or until an endpoint event was used in 544 of 933 (58.3%) of patients on OAC and 77.5% of patients not on OAC. At 2 years, patients on OAC had a similar rate of stroke (6.6% vs. 5.6%; p = 0.53) and the composite outcome of death or stroke (29.7% vs. 31.8%; p = 0.33), compared with no OAC. OAC with APT was associated with a reduced rate of stroke (5.4% vs. 11.1%; p = 0.03) and death or stroke (29.7% vs. 40.1%; p = 0.01), compared with no OAC or APT. Following adjustment, OAC with APT and APT alone were both associated with reduced rates of stroke compared with no OAC or APT (hazard ratio for OAC+APT: 0.43, 95% confidence interval: 0.22 to 0.85; p = 0.015; hazard ratio for APT alone: 0.32, 95% confidence interval: 0.16 to 0.65; p = 0.002), while OAC alone was not. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with prior AF undergoing TAVR, antiplatelet with or without anticoagulant therapy was associated with a reduced risk of stroke at 2 years, implicating multifactorial stroke mechanisms in this population.

8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(9): 1190-1200, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is paucity of evidence on the impact of anticoagulation (AC) after bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement (AVR) on valve hemodynamics and clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess the impact of AC after bioprosthetic AVR on valve hemodynamics and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Data on antiplatelet and antithrombotic therapy were collected. Echocardiograms were performed at 30 days and 1 year post-AVR. Linear regression model and propensity-score adjusted cox proportional model were used to assess the impact of AC on valve hemodynamics and clinical outcomes, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 4,832 patients undergoing bioprosthetic AVR (transcatheter aortic valve replacement [TAVR], n = 3,889 and surgical AVR [SAVR], n = 943) in the pooled cohort of PARTNER2 (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) randomized trials and nonrandomized registries were studied. Following adjustment for valve size, annular diameter, atrial fibrillation, and ejection fraction at the time of assessment of hemodynamics, there was no significant difference in aortic valve mean gradients or aortic valve areas between patients discharged on AC vs. those not discharged on AC, for either TAVR or SAVR cohorts. A significantly greater proportion of patients not discharged on AC had an increase in mean gradient >10 mm Hg from 30 days to 1 year, compared with those discharged on AC (2.3% vs. 1.1%, p = 0.03). There was no independent association between AC after TAVR and adverse outcomes (death, p = 0.15; rehospitalization, p = 0.16), whereas AC after SAVR was associated with significantly fewer strokes (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.17; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.05-0.60; p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: In the short term, early AC after bioprosthetic AVR did not result in adverse clinical events, did not significantly affect aortic valve hemodynamics (aortic valve gradients or area), and was associated with decreased rates of stroke after SAVR (but not after TAVR). Whether early AC after bioprosthetic AVR has impact on long-term outcomes remains to be determined. (Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valves [PARTNERII A]; NCT01314313).

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422136

RESUMO

Clinical trials of transcatheter mitral valve and tricuspid valve repair and replacement devices have begun in earnest, with the ultimate goal of providing definitive, nonsurgical treatment for the millions of patients with severe, symptomatic regurgitation, many of whom are too high risk or inoperable for a surgical approach. Computed tomography (CT) angiography offers the potential for detailed anatomic assessment in this patient population, but its optimal implementation for patients with mitral and tricuspid disease requires patient-centered protocol specification reflecting the goal of the scan, an understanding of complex anatomy and pathophysiology, and particulars of CT scanner capabilities. In this paper, the need for new interventional approaches to mitral and tricuspid valve disease is discussed, followed by a detailed review of how to perform a high-quality CT angiography examination, taking into consideration scanner- and patient-specific variables when preparing a pre-mitral or tricuspid protocol. The many possible clinical challenges affecting the performance of cardiac and vascular CT angiography for pre-procedure mitral and tricuspid repair/replacement are reviewed and specific tips, trouble-shooting approaches, and recommendations are provided for how to conduct the best-quality study, be it at an experienced imaging center with the most advanced scanner or at a novice center using an earlier generation CT platform.

10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(4): 538-549, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In severe aortic stenosis (AS), patients often show extra-aortic valvular injury. Recently, a new staging system for severe AS has been proposed on the basis of the extent of cardiac damage. OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the prevalence and prognostic impact of these different stages of cardiac damage in a large, real-world, multicenter cohort of symptomatic severe AS patients. METHODS: From the ongoing registries from 2 academic institutions, a total of 1,189 symptomatic severe AS patients were selected and retrospectively analyzed. According to the extent of cardiac damage on echocardiography, patients were classified as Stage 0 (no cardiac damage), Stage 1 (left ventricular damage), Stage 2 (mitral valve or left atrial damage), Stage 3 (tricuspid valve or pulmonary artery vasculature damage), or Stage 4 (right ventricular damage). Patients were followed for all-cause mortality and combined endpoint (all-cause mortality, stroke, and cardiac-related hospitalization). RESULTS: On the basis of the proposed classification, 8% of patients were classified as Stage 0, 24% as Stage 1, 49% as Stage 2, 7% as Stage 3, and 12% as Stage 4. On multivariable analysis, cardiac damage was independently associated with all-cause mortality and combined outcome, although this was mainly determined by Stages 3 and 4. CONCLUSIONS: In this large multicenter cohort of symptomatic severe AS patients, stage of cardiac injury as classified by a novel staging system was independently associated with all-cause mortality and combined endpoint, although this seemed to be predominantly driven by tricuspid valve or pulmonary artery vasculature damage (Stage 3) and right ventricular dysfunction (Stage 4).

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Multisite procedure-based randomized trials may be confounded by performance variability and variability among sites. Therefore, we studied variability in mortality and stroke after patients were randomized to surgical (SAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves-2A (PARTNER-2A) randomized trial. METHODS: Patients at intermediate risk for SAVR were randomized to SAVR (n = 1017) or TAVR (n = 1011) with a SAPIEN XT device (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, Calif) at 54 sites. Patients were followed to 2 years. A mixed-effect model quantified variability at intersite and intrasite levels. RESULTS: There were 336 deaths (SAVR 170, TAVR 166) and 176 strokes (SAVR 85, TAVR 91). Intersite variability for mortality was similar across sites for SAVR (hazard ratios ranging from 0.52-1.93 among sites) and TAVR (hazard ratios ranging from 0.49-2.03), but intersite variability for stroke was greater for SAVR (hazard ratios ranging from 0.44-2.26) than for TAVR (no detectable variability). Case mix and lower site trial volume accounted for 37% of mortality intersite variability for SAVR and 73% for TAVR, but only 14% for stroke for SAVR. Intrasite mortality hazard ratios demonstrated all but 1 site's 95% confidence interval overlapped 1.0, indicating generally similar SAVR and TAVR mortalities within sites. CONCLUSIONS: Intersite variability was similar for mortality in SAVR and TAVR, but variability for stroke was greater for SAVR than for TAVR. Intrasite events were similar for both SAVR and TAVR. These findings suggest that in performance-based trials, site variability and its sources should be taken into account in analyzing and interpreting trial results.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301219

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term safety and efficacy of the Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES). BACKGROUND: The R-ZES has been associated with low rates of adverse events over short-intermediate term follow-up. However, reliable assessment of the safety and efficacy of any implanted device requires long-term evaluation. METHODS: The RESOLUTE US trial was a prospective, observational study conducted at 116 U.S. sites and enrolled patients with de novo coronary lesions. Patients were followed clinically for 5 years with independent event adjudication and data monitoring. RESULTS: A total of 1,402 patients (1,573 lesions) were enrolled; 34% had diabetes mellitus and 75% had ACC type B2/C lesions. The 5-year rate of target lesion failure (TLF) was 12.3%, target lesion revascularization was 6.5%, target vessel myocardial infarction was 3.2%, and cardiac death was 4.1%. Dual antiplatelet therapy usage was 94% at 1 year and 47% at 5 years, with a 0.1% and 0.5% respective incidence of definite or probable stent thrombosis. The 5-year rate of TLF was 16.9% among patients with diabetes mellitus and 14.7% in patients with at least one small (≤2.5 mm) vessel treated. Covariates independently associated with 5-year TLF in multivariable analysis included diabetes mellitus (odds ratio [OR] 1.89, p < .001), prior coronary artery bypass grafting (OR 2.28, p < .001), prior myocardial infarction (OR 1.85, p = .002), and smaller reference vessel diameter (OR 1.75, p = .004). CONCLUSIONS: Results from the fully adjudicated and monitored RESOLUTE US trial demonstrate long-term 5-year safety and efficacy of the R-ZES stent among a relatively low-risk population of patients, including a 0.5% rate of stent thrombosis at 5 years.

13.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(7): e007734, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data examining the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on ischemic risk after percutaneous coronary intervention in women are limited as most clinical trial participants are male. We evaluated (1) the impact of DM on ischemic outcomes in women undergoing drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation and (2) whether the outcomes of new- versus early-generation DES vary by DM status. METHODS AND RESULTS: We pooled patient-level data of 10 448 women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with DES from 26 randomized trials. Baseline characteristics and 3-year clinical outcomes were stratified according to DM status (noninsulin-dependent and insulin-dependent) and DES generation. The primary end point was the composite of all-cause death or myocardial infarction. Secondary end points were definite or probable stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. Compared with women without DM (n=7154, 68.5%), adjusted risks (adjusted hazard ratios [95% CI]) for death or myocardial infarction among women with noninsulin-dependent DM (n=2241, 21.4%) and insulin-dependent DM (n=1053, 10.1%) were 1.30 (1.11-1.53) and 1.71 (1.41-2.07), respectively ( Ptrend<0.001). Similar trends were observed for def/prob stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. Compared with early-generation DES, use of newer-generation DES was associated with significant reductions in death or myocardial infarction in the absence of DM whereas differences were nonsignificant in the presence of DM, with similar findings for def/prob stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of DM is associated with substantial, graded, and durable risks for ischemic events among women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with DES. The safety and efficacy profile of newer-generation DES is preserved among women without DM, while benefits are nonsignificant among women with DM.

14.
EuroIntervention ; 15(6): e551-e557, 2019 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186218

RESUMO

AIMS: Early mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is relatively rare. Current risk prediction models for this event are outdated. We sought to derive a 30-day mortality risk score after PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: The score was derived from a pooled database of 21 randomised clinical trials using a logistic regression model incorporating clinical and angiographic variables. The score was validated in a separate unrestricted study population, the Assessment of Dual AntiPlatelet Therapy With Drug Eluting Stents (ADAPT-DES) registry. Of 32,882 eligible patients, 75% had data for all 19 variables used for score derivation. The independent predictors of 30-day mortality were age, presentation with ACS, diabetes mellitus, use of first-generation drug-eluting stents, left main or left anterior descending artery lesion, prior myocardial infarction (MI), and suboptimal flow in the artery before or after PCI. The median [interquartile range] score in the derivation cohort was 5 [3, 6] and overall mortality was 0.49%, ranging from 0.08% to 1.64% with scores of 0-16. The 30-day mortality rate was approximately tenfold higher in patients with a score at or above versus below the median of 5 (0.86% versus 0.08%, p<0.0001). Discrimination in both cohorts was very good (C statistic=0.848 and 0.828, respectively), and calibration was satisfactory. CONCLUSIONS: A novel risk score incorporating eight readily available clinical and angiographic variables had high discrimination for 30-day death after PCI across a wide range of clinical scenarios.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco/métodos , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220240

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate valve sizing and the haemodynamic relevance of the predicted left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) in patients with mitral annular calcification (MAC) undergoing transatrial transcatheter valve implantation (THV). METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 21 patients undergoing transatrial THV, multiplanar reconstruction (MPR), maximum intensity projection (MIP), and cubic spline interpolation (CSI) were compared for MA sizing during diastole. In addition, predicted neo-LVOT areas were measured in 18 patients and correlated with the post-procedural haemodynamic dimensions. The procedure was successful in all patients (100%). Concomitant aortic valve replacement was performed in eight patients (43%) (AVR group). Sizing using MPR and MIP yielded comparable results in terms of area, perimeter, and diameter, whereas the dimensions obtained with CSI were systematically smaller. The simulated mean systolic neo-LVOT area was 133.4 ± 64.2 mm2 with an anticipated relative LVOT area reduction (neo-LVOT area/LVOT area × 100) of 59.3 ± 14.7%. The systolic relative LVOT area reduction, but not the absolute neo-LVOT area, was found to predict the peak (r = 0.69; P = 0.002) and mean (r = 0.65; P = 0.004) post-operative aortic gradient in the overall population as well as separately in the AVR (peak: r = 0.91; P = 0.002/mean: r = 0.85; P = 0.002) and no-AVR (peak: r = 0.89; P = 0.003/mean: r = 0.72; P = 0.008) groups. CONCLUSION: In patients with severe MAC undergoing transatrial transcatheter valve implantation, MPR, and MIP yielded comparable annular dimensions, while values obtained with CSI tended to be systematically smaller. Mitral annular area and the average annular diameter appear to be reliable parameters for valve selection. Simulated relative LVOT reduction was found to predict the post-procedural aortic gradients.

17.
JAMA ; 321(22): 2193-2202, 2019 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184741

RESUMO

Importance: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) indications are expanding, leading to an increasing number of patients with bicuspid aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR. Pivotal randomized trials conducted to obtain US Food and Drug Administration approval excluded bicuspid anatomy. Objective: To compare the outcomes of TAVR with a balloon-expandable valve for bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Registry-based prospective cohort study of patients undergoing TAVR at 552 US centers. Participants were enrolled in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) Transcatheter Valve Therapies Registry from June 2015 to November 2018. Exposures: TAVR for bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcomes were 30-day and 1-year mortality and stroke. Secondary outcomes included procedural complications, valve hemodynamics, and quality of life assessment. Results: Of 81 822 consecutive patients with aortic stenosis (2726 bicuspid; 79 096 tricuspid), 2691 propensity-score matched pairs of bicuspid and tricuspid aortic stenosis were analyzed (median age, 74 years [interquartile range {IQR}, 66-81 years]; 39.1%, women; mean [SD] STS-predicted risk of mortality, 4.9% [4.0%] and 5.1% [4.2%], respectively). All-cause mortality was not significantly different between patients with bicuspid and tricuspid aortic stenosis at 30 days (2.6% vs 2.5%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.04, [95% CI, 0.74-1.47]) and 1 year (10.5% vs 12.0%; HR, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.73-1.10]). The 30-day stroke rate was significantly higher for bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis (2.5% vs 1.6%; HR, 1.57 [95% CI, 1.06-2.33]). The risk of procedural complications requiring open heart surgery was significantly higher in the bicuspid vs tricuspid cohort (0.9% vs 0.4%, respectively; absolute risk difference [RD], 0.5% [95% CI, 0%-0.9%]). There were no significant differences in valve hemodynamics. There were no significant differences in moderate or severe paravalvular leak at 30 days (2.0% vs 2.4%; absolute RD, 0.3% [95% CI, -1.3% to 0.7%]) and 1 year (3.2% vs 2.5%; absolute RD, 0.7% [95% CI, -1.3% to 2.7%]). At 1 year there was no significant difference in improvement in quality of life between the groups (difference in improvement in the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score, -2.4 [95% CI, -5.1 to 0.3]; P = .08). Conclusions and Relevance: In this preliminary, registry-based study of propensity-matched patients who had undergone transcatheter aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis, patients with bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis had no significant difference in 30-day or 1-year mortality but had increased 30-day risk for stroke. Because of the potential for selection bias and the absence of a control group treated surgically for bicuspid stenosis, randomized trials are needed to adequately assess the efficacy and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement for bicuspid aortic stenosis.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Risco
18.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(21): 2647-2655, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for degenerated surgical bioprosthetic aortic valves is associated with favorable early outcomes. However, little is known about the durability and longer-term outcomes associated with this therapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine late outcomes after valve-in-valve TAVR. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic degeneration of surgical aortic bioprostheses at high risk (≥50% major morbidity or mortality) for reoperative surgery were prospectively enrolled in the multicenter PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) 2 valve-in-valve and continued access registries. Three-year clinical and echocardiographic follow-up was obtained. RESULTS: Valve-in-valve procedures were performed in 365 patients. The mean age was 78.9 ± 10.2 years, and the mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 9.1 ± 4.7%. At 3 years, the overall Kaplan-Meier estimate of all-cause mortality was 32.7%. Aortic valve re-replacement was required in 1.9%. Mean transaortic gradient was 35.0 mm Hg at baseline, decreasing to 17.8 mm Hg at 30-day follow-up and 16.6 mm Hg at 3-year follow-up. Baseline effective orifice area was 0.93 cm2, increasing to 1.13 and 1.15 cm2 at 30 days and 3 years, respectively. Moderate to severe aortic regurgitation was reduced from 45.1% at pre-TAVR baseline to 2.5% at 3 years. Importantly, moderate or severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation also decreased (33.7% vs. 8.6% [p < 0.0001] and 29.7% vs. 18.8% [p = 0.002], respectively). Baseline left ventricular ejection fraction was 50.7%, increasing to 54.7% at 3 years (p < 0.0001), while left ventricular mass index was 136.4 g/m2, decreasing to 109.1 g/m2 at 3 years (p < 0.0001). New York Heart Association functional class improved, with 90.4% in class III or IV at baseline and 14.1% at 3 years (p < 0.0001), and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall score increased (43.1 to 73.1; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: At 3-year follow-up, TAVR for bioprosthetic aortic valve failure was associated with favorable survival, sustained improved hemodynamic status, and excellent functional and quality-of-life outcomes. (The PARTNER II Trial: Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves II - PARTNER II - Nested Registry 3/Valve-in-Valve [PII NR3/ViV]; NCT03225001).

19.
Eur Heart J ; 40(31): 2632-2653, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116395

RESUMO

Identification and management of patients at high bleeding risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention are of major importance, but a lack of standardization in defining this population limits trial design, data interpretation, and clinical decision-making. The Academic Research Consortium for High Bleeding Risk (ARC-HBR) is a collaboration among leading research organizations, regulatory authorities, and physician-scientists from the United States, Asia, and Europe focusing on percutaneous coronary intervention-related bleeding. Two meetings of the 31-member consortium were held in Washington, DC, in April 2018 and in Paris, France, in October 2018. These meetings were organized by the Cardiovascular European Research Center on behalf of the ARC-HBR group and included representatives of the US Food and Drug Administration and the Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, as well as observers from the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. A consensus definition of patients at high bleeding risk was developed that was based on review of the available evidence. The definition is intended to provide consistency in defining this population for clinical trials and to complement clinical decision-making and regulatory review. The proposed ARC-HBR consensus document represents the first pragmatic approach to a consistent definition of high bleeding risk in clinical trials evaluating the safety and effectiveness of devices and drug regimens for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

20.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(5): 346-351, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094895

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe a technique for ultra-low-contrast angiography (ULCA) in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and previous coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced CKD and previous CABG are at high risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) because of the additional contrast often required to identify bypass grafts. Apart from hydration, reduced contrast administration is the only established method to minimize the risk of CIN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients underwent ULCA, whereby an intracoronary injection of saline and coronary guidewires were used instead of test injections of contrast for engagement of bypass grafts with catheters. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) before and 30 days following angiography were recorded as was the need for renal replacement therapy 1 year after the procedure. RESULTS: All patients completed a diagnostic angiogram without complications. The median volume of contrast delivered was 13.5 ml (interquartile range: 10.5-17.8). The median eGFR was 18.3 ml/min/1.73 m (interquartile range: 16.5-28.2). There was no statistically significant difference in eGFR before the procedure and 30 days after the procedure (P=0.79). No patient required dialysis 30 days after the procedure. Two patients required initiation of dialysis at 1 year after the procedure. CONCLUSION: In patients with advanced CKD and previous CABG, ULCA may be performed with high procedural success and without complications, minimizing the risk of CIN in these high-risk patients.

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