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2.
J Palliat Med ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633432

RESUMO

Background: The prognosis of an aggressive lymphoma can change dramatically following failure of first-line treatment. This sudden shift is challenging for the promotion of illness understanding and advance care planning (ACP). Yet, little is known about illness understanding and ACP in patients with aggressive lymphomas. Objective: To examine illness understanding, rates of engagement in ACP, and reasons for lack of ACP engagement in patients with advanced B cell lymphomas. Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Setting/Subjects: Patients (n = 27) with aggressive B cell lymphomas that relapsed after first- or second-line treatment treated at a single urban academic medical center. Measurements: Participants were administered structured surveys by trained staff to obtain self-report measures of illness understanding (i.e., aggressiveness, terminality, curability) and ACP (i.e., discussions of care preferences, completion of advance directives). Results: The majority of patients reported discussing curability (92.6%), prognosis (77.8%), and treatment goals (88.9%) with their medical team. Yet, less than one-third of patients reported being terminally ill (29.6%) and having incurable disease (22.2%). Most patients had a health care proxy (81.5%) and had decided about do-not-resuscitate status (63%), but the majority had not completed a living will (65.4%) or discussed their care preferences with others (55.6%). Conclusions: The accuracy of lymphoma patients' illness understanding following first-line treatment is difficult to determine due to the potential for cure following transplant. However, this study suggests that a large proportion of patients with advanced B cell lymphomas may underestimate the severity of their illness, despite discussing illness severity with their medical team. Providing patients with information on prognosis, and the ACP process may increase engagement in ACP.

3.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(9): 1199-1204, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597844

RESUMO

The treatment of follicular lymphoma (FL) continues to evolve. Those patients who present with minimal symptoms often are observed without therapy until significant progression occurs. When treatment is needed, initial options include single agent rituximab (R, anti-CD20), or various forms of chemoimmunotherapy including either R or the newer anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab (O), with or without maintenance administration. Recent data suggest that the immunomodulatory agent lenalidomide can also be effective in combination with rituximab in both the upfront and relapsed setting. Patients with recurrent disease are frequently treated with chemoimmunotherapy or phosphoinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors. Current information suggests that the most important prognostic feature of FL is the presence or absence of early progression (within 2 years of initial treatment/diagnosis). Ongoing efforts are focused on biomarkers to optimally match treatment to patient populations and further improve clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antígenos CD20 , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico
4.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(31): 2953, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532721
5.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) activity is dysregulated in many cancers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This phase I study determined the safety, maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the intravenously administered, highly selective EZH2 inhibitor, GSK2816126, (NCT02082977). Doses of GSK2816126 ranged from 50 to 3,000 mg twice weekly, and GSK2816126 was given 3-weeks-on/1-week-off in 28-day cycles. Eligible patients had solid tumors or B-cell lymphomas with no available standard treatment regimen. RESULTS: Forty-one patients (21 solid tumors, 20 lymphoma) received treatment. All patients experienced ≥1 adverse event (AE). Fatigue [22 of 41 (53.7%)] and nausea [20 of 41 (48.8%)] were the most common toxicity. Twelve (32%) patients experienced a serious AE. Dose-limiting elevated liver transaminases occurred in 2 of 7 patients receiving 3,000 mg of GSK2816126; 2,400 mg was therefore established as the MTD. Following intravenous administration of 50 to 3,000 mg twice weekly, plasma GSK2816126 levels decreased biexponentially, with a mean terminal elimination half-life of approximately 27 hours. GSK2816126 exposure (maximum observed plasma concentration and area under the plasma-time curve) increased in a dose-proportional manner. No change from baseline in H3K27me3 was seen in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Fourteen of 41 (34%) patients had radiological best response of stable disease, 1 patient with lymphoma achieved a partial response, 21 of 41 (51%) patients had progressive disease, and 5 patients were unevaluable for antitumor response. CONCLUSION: The MTD of GSK2816126 was established at 2,400 mg, but the dosing method and relatively short half-life limited effective exposure, and modest anticancer activity was observed at tolerable doses.

6.
Stem Cell Reports ; 13(2): 380-393, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378672

RESUMO

Here, we have used patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) and gene-editing technology to study the cardiac-related molecular and functional consequences of mutations in GLA causing the lysosomal storage disorder Fabry disease (FD), for which heart dysfunction is a major cause of mortality. Our in vitro model recapitulated clinical data with FD cardiomyocytes accumulating GL-3 and displaying an increased excitability, with altered electrophysiology and calcium handling. Quantitative proteomics enabled the identification of >5,500 proteins in the cardiomyocyte proteome and secretome, and revealed accumulation of the lysosomal protein LIMP-2 and secretion of cathepsin F and HSPA2/HSP70-2 in FD. Genetic correction reversed these changes. Overexpression of LIMP-2 directly induced the secretion of cathepsin F and HSPA2/HSP70-2, implying causative relationship, and led to massive vacuole accumulation. In summary, our study has revealed potential new cardiac biomarkers for FD, and provides valuable mechanistic insight into the earliest pathological events in FD cardiomyocytes.

7.
Blood ; 134(15): 1238-1246, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331918

RESUMO

Patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) demonstrated excellent 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) after receiving positron emission tomography (PET)-adapted therapy on SWOG S0816. Patients received 2 cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD). Patients achieving complete response (CR) on PET scan following cycle 2 of ABVD (PET2) continued 4 additional cycles of ABVD. Patients not achieving CR on PET2 were switched to escalated bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (eBEACOPP) for 6 cycles. After a median follow-up of 5.9 years, a subset of 331 eligible patients with central review of PET2 was analyzed. PET2 was negative in 82% and positive in 18%. For all patients, the estimated 5-year PFS and OS was 74% (95% confidence interval [CI], 69%-79%) and 94% (95% CI, 91%-96%), respectively. For PET2- and PET2+ patients, the 5-year PFS was 76% (95% CI, 70%-81%) and 66% (95% CI, 52%-76%), respectively. Seven (14%) and 6 (2%) patients reported second cancers after treatment with eBEACOPP and ABVD, respectively (P = .001). Long-term OS of HL patients treated on S0816 remains high. Nearly 25% of PET2- patients experienced relapse events, demonstrating limitations ABVD therapy and of the negative predictive value of PET2. In PET2+ patients who received eBEACOPP, PFS was favorable, but was associated with a high rate of second malignancies compared with historical controls. Our results emphasize the importance of long-term follow-up, and the need for more efficacious and less toxic therapeutic approaches for advanced-stage HL patients. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00822120.

8.
Mol Ther ; 27(8): 1495-1506, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208914

RESUMO

Neuronopathic glycosphingolipidoses are a sub-group of lysosomal storage disorders for which there are presently no effective therapies. Here, we evaluated the potential of substrate reduction therapy (SRT) using an inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) to decrease the synthesis of glucosylceramide (GL1) and related glycosphingolipids. The substrates that accumulate in Sandhoff disease (e.g., ganglioside GM2 and its nonacylated derivative, lyso-GM2) are distal to the drug target, GCS. Treatment of Sandhoff mice with a GCS inhibitor that has demonstrated CNS access (Genz-682452) reduced the accumulation of GL1 and GM2, as well as a variety of disease-associated substrates in the liver and brain. Concomitant with these effects was a significant decrease in the expression of CD68 and glycoprotein non-metastatic melanoma B protein (Gpnmb) in the brain, indicating a reduction in microgliosis in the treated mice. Moreover, using in vivo imaging, we showed that the monocytic biomarker translocator protein (TSPO), which was elevated in Sandhoff mice, was normalized following Genz-682452 treatment. These positive effects translated in turn into a delay (∼28 days) in loss of motor function and coordination, as measured by rotarod latency, and a significant increase in longevity (∼17.5%). Together, these results support the development of SRT for the treatment of gangliosidoses, particularly in patients with residual enzyme activity.

9.
Cancer ; 125(19): 3378-3389, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This multicenter, randomized phase 2 trial evaluated complete responses (CRs), efficacy, and safety with ofatumumab and bendamustine and with ofatumumab, bendamustine, and bortezomib in patients with untreated, high-risk follicular lymphoma (FL). METHODS: Patients with grade 1 to 3a FL and either a Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) score of 2 with 1 lymph node >6 cm or an FLIPI score of 3 to 5 were randomized to arm A (ofatumumab, bendamustine, and maintenance ofatumumab) or to arm B (ofatumumab, bendamustine, bortezomib, and maintenance ofatumumab and bortezomib). RESULTS: One hundred twenty-eight patients (66 in arm A and 62 in arm B) received treatment. The median age was 61 years, and 61% had disease >6 cm; 29% had an FLIPI score of 2, and 71% had an FLIPI score of 3 to 5. In arm A, 86% completed induction, and 64% completed maintenance. In arm B, 66% and 52% completed induction and maintenance, respectively. Dose modifications were required in 65% and 89% in arms A and B, respectively. Clinically significant grade 3 to 4 toxicities included neutropenia (A, 36%; B, 31%), nausea/vomiting (A, 0%; B, 8%), diarrhea (A, 5%; B, 11%), and sensory neuropathy (A, 0%; B, 5%). The estimated CR rates were 62% (95% confidence interval [CI], 50%-74%) and 60% (95% CI, 47%-72%) in arms A and B, respectively (P = .68). With a median follow-up of 3.3 years, the estimated 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 80% and 97%, respectively, for arm A and 76% and 91%, respectively, for arm B. CONCLUSIONS: The CR rates, PFS, and OS were not improved with the addition of bortezomib to ofatumumab and bendamustine in patients with high-risk FL. Although grade 3 to 4 toxicities were similar, more patients treated with bortezomib required dose modifications and early discontinuation.

10.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-5, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120355

RESUMO

In mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), cyclin D1 combines with CDK4/6 to phosphorylate Rb, releasing a break on the G1 to S phase cell cycle. Palbociclib is a specific, potent, oral inhibitor of CDK4/6 capable of inducing a complete, prolonged G1 cell cycle arrest (pG1) in Rb+ MCL cells. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of mantle cell lymphoma. Palbociclib-induced pG1 appears to sensitize MCL cells to killing by low-dose bortezomib, potentially improving its activity and tolerability. We conducted a phase 1 trial of palbociclib plus bortezomib in patients with previously treated MCL (NCT01111188). Patients received palbociclib at 75 mg (dose level 1), 100 mg (dose level 2), or 125 mg (dose levels 3 and 4) on days 1-12 of each 21-day cycle in addition to intravenous bortezomib 1.0 mg/m2 (dose levels 1, 2, 3) or 1.3 mg/m2 (dose level 4) on days 8, 11, 15 and 18. A total of 19 patients with a median age of 64 and an average of 2 prior therapies were enrolled. Two subjects experienced dose limiting toxicity (DLT): thrombocytopenia (dose level 1) and neutropenia (dose level 3). Although no DLTs were seen at dose level 4, all patients required dose delays during cycle 2 due to cytopenias, and the study team decided to stop the trial. Four of 19 patients achieved a clinical response, including one patient with a complete response. Three patients received treatment for more than one year, including one patient receiving single-agent palbociclib for more than 6 years. The combination of palbociclib 125 mg on days 1-12 plus bortezomib 1.0 mg/m2 on days 8, 11, 15, and 18 of a 21-day cycle is feasible and active in previously treated MCL, with the primary toxicity being myelosuppression. The regimen may be worthy of further evaluation in patients with non-blastoid MCL following failure of other newer agents.

11.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(21): 1790-1799, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30939090

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Alliance/CALGB 50303 (NCT00118209), an intergroup, phase III study, compared dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) with standard rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) as frontline therapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received six cycles of DA-EPOCH-R or R-CHOP. The primary objective was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary clinical objectives included response rate, overall survival (OS), and safety. RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2013, 524 patients were registered; 491 eligible patients were included in the final analysis. Most patients (74%) had stage III or IV disease; International Prognostic Index (IPI) risk groups included 26% IPI 0 to 1, 37% IPI 2, 25% IPI 3, and 12% IPI 4 to 5. At a median follow-up of 5 years, PFS was not statistically different between the arms (hazard ratio, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.68 to 1.27; P = .65), with a 2-year PFS rate of 78.9% (95% CI, 73.8% to 84.2%) for DA-EPOCH-R and 75.5% (95% CI, 70.2% to 81.1%) for R-CHOP. OS was not different (hazard ratio, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.59; P = .64), with a 2-year OS rate of 86.5% (95% CI, 82.3% to 91%) for DA-EPOCH-R and 85.7% (95% CI, 81.4% to 90.2%) for R-CHOP. Grade 3 and 4 adverse events were more common (P < .001) in the DA-EPOCH-R arm than the R-CHOP arm, including infection (16.9% v 10.7%, respectively), febrile neutropenia (35.0% v 17.7%, respectively), mucositis (8.4% v 2.1%, respectively), and neuropathy (18.6% v 3.3%, respectively). Five treatment-related deaths (2.1%) occurred in each arm. CONCLUSION: In the 50303 study population, the more intensive, infusional DA-EPOCH-R was more toxic and did not improve PFS or OS compared with R-CHOP. The more favorable results with R-CHOP compared with historical controls suggest a potential patient selection bias and may preclude generalizability of results to specific risk subgroups.

12.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(15): 1267-1269, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945958
13.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(9): 2255-2263, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848966

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare cancer with diverse management options. Although clinical practice guidelines have become ubiquitous across medicine, the utility of guidelines for MCL management is limited by provider awareness and the lack of a definitive standard of care. We sought to determine whether expert recommendations, delivered as an online decision support tool, impacted practitioners' therapeutic decisions with MCL. Participants were more likely than the experts to select aggressive regimens for both newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory MCL. After seeing the expert recommendations, participants revealed that the expert opinion impacted their treatment choices in 103 of 365 clinical scenarios, suggesting that online decision support tools may increase the number of clinicians making treatment decisions for patients with MCL that are concordant with expert consensus recommendations.

14.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(14): 1188-1199, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897038

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma typically respond well to first-line immunochemotherapy. At relapse, single-agent rituximab is commonly administered. Data suggest the immunomodulatory agent lenalidomide could increase the activity of rituximab. METHODS: A phase III, multicenter, randomized trial of lenalidomide plus rituximab versus placebo plus rituximab was conducted in patients with relapsed and/or refractory follicular or marginal zone lymphoma. Patients received lenalidomide or placebo for 12 cycles plus rituximab once per week for 4 weeks in cycle 1 and day 1 of cycles 2 through 5. The primary end point was progression-free survival per independent radiology review. RESULTS: A total of 358 patients were randomly assigned to lenalidomide plus rituximab (n = 178) or placebo plus rituximab (n = 180). Infections (63% v 49%), neutropenia (58% v 23%), and cutaneous reactions (32% v 12%) were more common with lenalidomide plus rituximab. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (50% v 13%) and leukopenia (7% v 2%) were higher with lenalidomide plus rituximab; no other grade 3 or 4 adverse event differed by 5% or more between groups. Progression-free survival was significantly improved for lenalidomide plus rituximab versus placebo plus rituximab, with a hazard ratio of 0.46 (95% CI, 0.34 to 0.62; P < .001) and median duration of 39.4 months (95% CI, 22.9 months to not reached) versus 14.1 months (95% CI, 11.4 to 16.7 months), respectively. CONCLUSION: Lenalidomide improved efficacy of rituximab in patients with recurrent indolent lymphoma, with an acceptable safety profile.

15.
Blood ; 133(16): 1762-1765, 2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723079

RESUMO

Serum soluble chemokines/cytokines produced by Hodgkin cells and the tumor microenvironment might be of value as biomarkers in classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). We assessed serum thymus and activation-related chemokine (TARC), macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and soluble CD163 (sCD163) levels at baseline, time of interim fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET), and after therapy in cHL patients treated on S0816, an intergroup phase 2 response-adapted study evaluating escalated therapy for interim PET (PET2)-positive patients (www.clinicaltrials.gov #NCT00822120). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status was assessed, and 559 serum samples were evaluated for TARC, MDC, IL-10, and sCD163 by immunoassay. EBV positivity correlated with higher sCD163 and IL-10 levels but lower TARC levels. While baseline biomarker levels were not associated with outcome, sCD163 levels at the time of PET2 were associated with favorable progression-free survival (PFS), adjusting for PET2 status. After therapy TARC, MDC, and IL-10 correlated with PFS and overall survival (OS) on univariable analysis, which remained significant adjusting for international prognostic score. When also adjusting for end-of-therapy PET results, TARC and IL-10 remained significantly associated with shorter PFS and OS. Exploratory analysis in PET2-negative patients showed that elevated posttherapy TARC and IL-10 levels were associated with PFS. Serum cytokine levels correlate with outcome in cHL and should be investigated further in risk-adapted cHL trials.

16.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(8): 613-623, 2019 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707661

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this open-label, first-in-setting, randomized phase III trial was to evaluate the efficacy of alisertib, an investigational Aurora A kinase inhibitor, in patients with relapsed/refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients with relapsed/refractory PTCL-one or more prior therapy-were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive oral alisertib 50 mg two times per day (days 1 to 7; 21-day cycle) or investigator-selected single-agent comparator, including intravenous pralatrexate 30 mg/m2 (once per week for 6 weeks; 7-week cycle), or intravenous gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 or intravenous romidepsin 14 mg/m2 (days 1, 8, and 15; 28-day cycle). Tumor tissue (disease subtype) and imaging were assessed by independent central review. Primary outcomes were overall response rate and progression-free survival (PFS). Two interim analyses and one final analysis were planned. RESULTS: Between May 2012 and October 2014, 271 patients were randomly assigned (alisertib, n = 138; comparator, n = 133). Enrollment was stopped early on the recommendation of the independent data monitoring committee as a result of the low probability of alisertib achieving PFS superiority with full enrollment. Centrally assessed overall response rate was 33% for alisertib and 45% for the comparator arm (odds ratio, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.33 to 1.08). Median PFS was 115 days for alisertib and 104 days for the comparator arm (hazard ratio, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.637 to 1.178). The most common adverse events were anemia (53% of alisertib-treated patients v 34% of comparator-treated patients) and neutropenia (47% v 31%, respectively). A lower percentage of patients who received alisertib (9%) compared with the comparator (14%) experienced events that led to study drug discontinuation. Of 26 on-study deaths, five were considered treatment related (alisertib, n = 3 of 11; comparator, n = 2 of 15). Two-year overall survival was 35% for each arm. CONCLUSION: In patients with relapsed/refractory PTCL, alisertib was not statistically significantly superior to the comparator arm.

17.
Br J Haematol ; 185(1): 53-64, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723894

RESUMO

Rituximab monotherapy has proven efficacy in treatment-naïve, asymptomatic advanced-stage follicular lymphoma (FL). Ofatumumab is a fully humanized anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody with increased CD20 affinity and complement-dependent cytotoxicity. This phase 2 trial (NCT01190449) evaluated ofatumumab in patients with untreated, low/intermediate-risk FL International Prognostic Index (FLIPI), advanced-stage FL to determine single-agent efficacy. Patients with measurable disease in stages III/IV or bulky stage II, regardless of Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes Folliculaires criteria, received 4 weekly 1000 mg doses followed by four extended induction doses once every 8 weeks. Primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR) to 1000 mg; secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. Fifty-one patients were enrolled. Fifteen patients were randomized to 500 mg prior to discontinuing that arm for slow accrual. Among 36 patients on the 1000 mg arm, ORR was 84%, median PFS was 1·9 years and median response duration was 23·7 months. All patients remain alive. No grade 4 infusion reactions or grade 3/4 infections occurred. Grade 3 infusion reactions occurred in 25% in the 1000 mg arm only (all first infusion); all but two patients continued on study. Discontinuation was 6% for the total study population. Ofatumumab monotherapy administered by extended induction in untreated, low/intermediate-risk FLIPI, advanced-stage FL is well tolerated and active. Activity appears similar to that reported with single-agent rituximab.

18.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(8): 1934-1941, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628511

RESUMO

Phase II data suggest a benefit to autotransplantation for aggressive T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (T-NHL) in first remission; randomized trials have yet to validate this. We performed a retrospective analysis of aggressive T-NHL patients in the intergroup randomized consolidative autotransplant trial (SWOG 9704). Of the 370 enrolled, 40 had T-NHL: 12 were not randomized due to ineligibility (n = 1), choice (n = 2), or progression (n = 9), leaving 13 randomized to control and 15 to autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Two ASCT patients refused transplant and one failed mobilization. The 5-year landmark PFS/OS estimates for ASCT vs. control groups were 40% vs. 38% (p = .56), and 40% vs. 45% (p = .98), respectively. No difference was seen based on IPI, or histologic subtype. Only 1/7 receiving BCNU-based therapy survived vs. 4/5 receiving TBI. Aggressive T-NHL autotransplanted in first remission did not appear to benefit from consolidative ASCT. This and the 30% who dropped out pre-randomization mostly to progression, suggests that improved induction regimens be developed.

19.
Blood ; 133(11): 1201-1204, 2019 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30692121

RESUMO

Single-agent ibrutinib is active in patients with previously treated mantle cell lymphoma (MCL); however, nearly half of all patients experience treatment failure during the first year. We previously demonstrated that prolonged early G1 cell cycle arrest induced by the oral, specific CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib can overcome ibrutinib resistance in primary human MCL cells and MCL cell lines expressing wild-type Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). Therefore, we conducted a phase 1 trial to evaluate the dosing, safety, and preliminary activity of palbociclib plus ibrutinib in patients with previously treated mantle cell lymphoma. From August 2014 to June 2016, a total of 27 patients (21 men, 6 women) were enrolled. The maximum tolerated doses were ibrutinib 560 mg daily plus palbociclib 100 mg on days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle. The dose-limiting toxicity was grade 3 rash. The most common grade 3 to 4 toxicities included neutropenia (41%), thrombocytopenia (30%), hypertension (15%), febrile neutropenia (15%), and lung infection (11%). The overall and complete response rates were 67% and 37%, and with a median follow-up of 25.6 months, the 2-year progression-free survival was 59.4% and the 2-year response duration was 69.8%. A phase 2 multicenter clinical trial to further characterize efficacy is now ongoing. The current trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT02159755.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Cancer Med ; 8(1): 165-173, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30575311

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) patients treated with firstline R-CHOP who experience progression of disease (POD) within 2 years have a shorter survival than those who do not have POD within 2 years. Whether this observation holds for patients treated initially with biologic immunotherapy alone is unknown. We performed a retrospective analysis of 174 patients pooled from three frontline rituximab (R)-based nonchemotherapy doublet trials: R-galiximab (Anti-CD80, CALGB 50402), R-epratuzumab (Anti-CD22, CALGB 50701), and R-lenalidomide (CALGB 50803) to determine outcomes of early progressors and risk factors for early POD, defined as progression within 24 months from study entry. Twenty-eight percent (48/174) of patients had early POD. After adjusting for the Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI), patients with early POD from study entry had a worse OS compared with patients who did not progress within 2 years (HR = 4.33 (95% CI 1.50-12.5), P = 0.007). For early POD, the 2-year survival was 80% vs 99% for nonearly POD, and the 5-year survival was 74% vs 90%, respectively. These findings suggest that the adverse survival of patients with early POD may be independent of initial treatment modality.

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