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1.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36155741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main growth hormone action is to promote linear growth increasing protein synthesis stimulation and osteoblastic activity. Peak bone mass extends from adolescence to 30 years of age. Several factors may influence this acquisition and prevent fracture risk in adulthood, such as genetic potential, GH, ethnicity, and lifestyle factors. This study aims to compare bone mass and osteometabolic profile of white and Afro-descendant Brazilian adolescents in the transition phase, who were treated with human recombinant growth hormone in childhood. METHODS: The authors selected 38 adolescents from the Transition Outpatient Clinic of the University of São Paulo. Lumbar spine and total body bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC), serum calcium, 25-OH-vitamin D and bone markers were analyzed at the rhGH withdrawal. RESULTS: The mean age was 16.8 ± 1.6 years. There were 21 Afro-descendant and 17 whites. Thirty-four percent of the sample presented vitamin D insufficiency, 66% inadequate calcium intake and 44.7% physical inactivity. The Afro-descendants showed a lower lumbar spine and total body Z scores than those of the whites (p = 0.04 and p = 0.03, respectively), as well as their mean body weight (p = 0.03). There were no differences in the remaining osteometabolic parameters. CONCLUSION: As most adolescents had vitamin D insufficiency, low calcium intake, and physical inactivity, calcium, and cholecalciferol supplementation and lifestyle changes should be encouraged. The Brazilian Afro-descendant may be a vulnerable group for low bone mass, requiring special strategies to increase bone accrual and body weight. More studies are necessary to compare ethnic differences in this population.

2.
Matern Child Health J ; 26(6): 1305-1311, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34982336

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between cesarean Delivery (CD) and overweight in preschool children, considering the presence of birth aspects and demographic characteristics that have been associated with the risk of excess weight. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional analysis used representative data of children from 2 to 6 years of age at municipal daycare centers in Taubaté, São Paulo, Brazil. The sample included 752 preschoolers. Weight and height were collected in daycare centers, and the nutritional status classification was performed using z scores of Body Mass Index (zBMI). Data analysis was performed in the bivariate and multivariate manner, the latter with the inclusion of another possible risk factor. Adjustments were made for daycare centers time, sex, birth length and weight and maternal schooling. RESULTS: The mean age of preschool children was 4.7 years, and 53.8% were boys. The prevalence of overweight children was 21.7%. The median zBMI of the children born by CD was higher than that of vaginal Delivery (p = 0.0194). The prevalence of overweight showed association with CD (p = 0.0196; PR = 1.397 with 95% CI of 1065-1831). Logistic binary multivariate regression analysis confirmed the association, even in the presence of other possible risk factors (CR: 1.580, 95% CI: 1.072-2.330). CONCLUSION FOR PRACTICE: Birth by CD is one of the factors that are associated with the early development of overweight in preschoolers.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso , Aumento de Peso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development of public policies must be guided by full knowledge of the health-disease process of the population. Aerobic exercises are recommended for rehabilitation in stroke patients, and have been shown to improve heart rate variability (HRV). Our aim was to compare the cardiac autonomic modulation of elderly stroke patients with that of healthy elderly people during and after an acute bout of aerobic exercise. METHODS: A total of 60 elderly people participated in the study (30 in the control group, mean age of 67 ± 4 years; 30 in the stroke group, mean age of 69 ± 3 years). HRV was analyzed in rest-10 min of rest in supine position; exercise-the 30 min of peak exercise; and recovery-30 min in supine position post-exercise. RESULTS: Taking rest and exercises together, for SDNN, RMSSD, pNN50, RRTri, and TINN, there was no difference between the stroke and control groups (p = 0.062; p = 0.601; p = 0.166; p = 0.224, and p = 0.059, respectively). The HF (ms2) was higher and the LF/HF ratio was lower for the stroke group than the control group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.007, respectively). The SD2 was lower for the stroke group than for the control group (p = 0.041). CONCLUSION: Stroke patients present reduced variability at rest, sympathetic predominance during exercise, and do not return to baseline after the 30 min of recovery, with similar responses found in the healthy elderly group.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Exercício Físico , Política de Saúde , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Política Pública
4.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 31(2): 283-290, May-Aug. 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1340087

RESUMO

BACKGROUNG: Cardiac arrest is a severe public health problem and a leading cause of death worldwide. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), basic life support (BLS) is the bedrock for improving people's survival after a cardiac arrest. Through scientific evidence, empowering health professionals focuses on education in resuscitation is vital to identify and attend a Cardiac arrest victim. In Brazil, there is a lack of data that evaluates the BLS knowledge of health science students. This study analyzed the knowledge retention of medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy students after one year of having a lecture demonstration on BLSMETHODS: Longitudinal study. Undergraduate students of health science participated in the data collection and answered a questionnaire based on BLS following AHA guidelines. Data were collected during two consecutive years in three different moments (an assessment, a test after a lecture, and an assessment test one year laterRESULTS: The group improved its score after the class on BLS; the number of correct answers doubled (p <0.001); however, one year later, that score decreased significantly (p <0.001CONCLUSION: No retention of knowledge in health sciences students after a year of a lecture demonstration on BLS


INTRODUÇÃO: A parada cardíaca (PC) é um grave problema de saúde pública e uma das principais causas de morte em todo o mundo. De acordo com a American Heart Association (AHA), o suporte básico de vida (SBV) é a base para melhorar a sobrevivência das pessoas após uma parada cardiorrespiratória e a ressuscitação cardiopulmonar é um aspecto crucial. Por meio de evidências científicas, capacitar os profissionais de saúde com foco na educação em ressuscitação é fundamental para identificar e atender uma vítima de parada cardíaca. No Brasil, faltam dados que avaliem o conhecimento em SBV de estudantes de ciências da saúde. Este estudo analisou a retenção de conhecimento de estudantes de Enfermagem, Fisioterapia e Medicina, após um ano de realização de uma palestra-demonstração sobre SBVMÉTODO: Estudo longitudinal. Estudantes de graduação em ciências da saúde que participaram da coleta de dados e responderam a um questionário baseado no SBV seguindo as diretrizes da AHA. Os dados foram recolhidos durante dois anos consecutivos, em três momentos distintos (uma avaliação, um teste após a aula e um teste de avaliação um ano após a aulaRESULTADOS: O grupo melhorou sua pontuação após a palestra sobre SBV; o número de acertos dobrou (p <0,001); no entanto, um ano depois, essa pontuação diminuiu significativamente (p <0,001CONCLUSÃO: Não houve retenção de conhecimento após um ano de uma aula-demonstrativa sobre SBV em estudantes de ciências da saúde


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Educação , Aprendizagem , Estudos Longitudinais
5.
Transl Pediatr ; 10(6): 1573-1585, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Infant mortality rate indicates the quality of life of a population. Infant mortality has two important components: neonatal mortality, divided into early and late and post-neonatal mortality. The more developed a country is and the greater its population's well-being, the greater the weight of the neonatal component on infant mortality. In addition several factors may determine or be associated with the occurrence of infant deaths including maternal age. The teenage pregnancy rates in Latin America and the Caribbean remain the second highest in the world, In Brazil, between 2010 and 2015, for every thousand adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, about 69 became pregnant and gave birth to their babies. Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the trend of Early Neonatal Mortality Rates in children of pregnant adolescents, which occurred in the period 1996-2017, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, according to the maternal age group. METHODS: This is an ecological study of time series using official mortality data obtained from the Mortality Information System and live birth data obtained from the Live Birth Information System. Deaths of newborns aged between zero and six complete days were collected by place of residence. The trends in rates per 1,000 live births were calculated by Prais-Winsten regression, obtaining their annual percentage change (VPA) and the respective 95% confidence intervals, analyzed by age group. All analyzes were processed using the STATA 15.1 software. RESULTS: In the state of São Paulo, between 1996 and 2017, 16,161 deaths were reported in children from zero to six days old and 2,320,584 live births in mothers aged 10-19 years, living in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Of this total, it was observed that the early neonatal mortality rate decreased until the year 2005-2006, remained stationary after, and was higher in newborns of mothers aged 10-14 years (13.18 per 1,000) compared to mothers between 15-19 years (6.75 per 1,000). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, although the early neonatal mortality rate showed a significant decreasing trend until approximately 2005, it remained stables after that.

6.
Public Health Nutr ; 24(10): 3116-3123, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the determinants of exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) discontinuation in southeastern Brazil between 2008 and 2013. DESIGN: Secondary cross-sectional data were analysed from three waves of child feeding surveys conducted in the city of Marília, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008, 2011 and 2013 (n 1645 children under 6 months). Multivariable Poisson regression models were used to test the association between EBF discontinuation and socio-economic, demographic and biomedical factors in a pooled sample and within each survey wave. SETTING: Regionally representative cross-sectional survey from Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: The analytical sample included 1645 infants under 6 months old. RESULTS: In the pooled sample, 40·7 % of the infants were exclusively breastfed. Between 2008 and 2013, there was a significant increase in C-section (35·1-42·7 %) and pacifier use (41·4-48·8 %). The determinants of EBF discontinuation in the pooled analysis were mothers working outside the home (adjusted prevalence ratio (APR) = 1·10; 95 % CI 1·00, 1·21), first-time mothers (APR = 1·10; 95 % CI 1·01, 1·20), pacifier use (APR = 1·48; 95 % CI 1·36, 1·61) and low birth weight (APR = 1·17; 95 % CI 1·05, 1·32). CONCLUSIONS: Mothers working outside the home, first-time moms, pacifier use and low birth weight were the factors associated with EBF discontinuation. Evidence-based counselling strategies during antenatal and early postpartum care in primary healthcare are needed to address the modifiable determinants of EBF discontinuation and ultimately to improve its rates in southeastern Brazil.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Análise de Dados , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mães , Gravidez
8.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 8(4)2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019578

RESUMO

Introduction: Cardiac arrest is one of the leading public health problems worldwide and in Brazil. A victim of cardiorespiratory arrest needs prompt basic life support (BLS) to increase survival. Objective: To evaluate the performance of a synthesis lecture on BLS given to university students in Health Sciences. Methods: A total of 422 undergraduate students in Nursing, Physiotherapy, and Medicine participated in this study. Data were collected by applying a pre-test through a BLS questionnaire based on the American Heart Association guidelines. Results: Students obtained a minimum grade of 40% of the pre-test questions. The score increased to 75% in the post-test; the students with the best performance in the pre-test maintained a higher total number of correct answers in the post-test. There was also better performance in those with previous training in BLS. The students from the first year of medical school were the ones who benefited the most from the lecture. Conclusion: Regardless of the grade course, the Health Science students showed a significant improvement in their level of knowledge after attending the synthesis lecture, indicating its adequacy to promote initial learning about BLS.

9.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 38: e2019031, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520297

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of anemia with the socioeconomic vulnerability of preschoolers in public day care centers, in the city of Taubaté, SP, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with a probabilistic sample that analyzed 363 children assisted in public day care centres in low-income and high-income areas of Taubaté, SP, Brazil. The hemoglobin concentration (Hb), dependent variable, was obtained by digital puncture, considering anemic children with Hb concentration <11.0 g/dL. The independent variables such as socioeconomic and demographic conditions were collected by a semi-structured questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was 19.3% among preschoolers. Children from day care centers with high socioeconomic vulnerability had lower Hb concentration than those from a non-vulnerable area (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The lower concentration of hemoglobin in preschoolers is associated with the location of day care centers in an area of socioeconomic vulnerability. Children attending these day care centers face adverse family conditions such as low income, working mothers, and mothers with low schooling, though they receive social benefits and monitoring by public health services.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/epidemiologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Áreas de Pobreza , Populações Vulneráveis , Anemia Ferropriva/economia , Anemia Ferropriva/etiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Creches , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
10.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(2)2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936345

RESUMO

In the present work, genetic algorithms and fuzzy logic were combined to model and optimise the shear strength of hybrid composite-polymer joints obtained by two step laser joining process. The first step of the process consists of a surface treatment (cleaning) of the carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminate, by way of a 30 W nanosecond laser. This phase allows removing the first matrix layer from the CFRP and was performed under fixed process parameters condition. In the second step, a diode laser was adopted to join the CFRP to polycarbonate (PC) sheet by laser-assisted direct joining (LADJ). The experimentation was performed adopting an experimental plan developed according to the design of experiment (DOE) methodology, changing the laser power and the laser energy. In order to verify the cleaning effect, untreated laminated were also joined and tested adopting the same process conditions. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was adopted to detect the statistical influence of the process parameters. Results showed that both the laser treatment and the process parameters strongly influence the joint performances. Then, an uncertain model based on the combination of fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms was developed and adopted to find the best process parameters' set able to give the maximum joint strength against the lowest uncertainty level. This type of approach is especially useful to provide information about how much the precision of the model and the process varies by changing the process parameters.

11.
Dev Neurorehabil ; 23(1): 39-49, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726906

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the present review was to identify the motor scales currently used to assess individuals with Down Syndrome (DS).Method: PubMed, WOS and BVS databases were systematically searched to identify the most relevant published studies that used motor scales in the evaluation of individuals with DS.Results: Of the 99 studies that met the eligibility criteria in this process, 20 experimental and observational studies were found to fully meet the eligibility criteria.Conclusion: We identified several motor scales including the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP), BAYLEY, Peabody Gross Motor Scale (PGMS-PDMS-GM), Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI).


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down/fisiopatologia , Movimento , Exame Neurológico/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Destreza Motora
12.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1136729

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the association of anemia with the socioeconomic vulnerability of preschoolers in public day care centers, in the city of Taubaté, SP, Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a probabilistic sample that analyzed 363 children assisted in public day care centres in low-income and high-income areas of Taubaté, SP, Brazil. The hemoglobin concentration (Hb), dependent variable, was obtained by digital puncture, considering anemic children with Hb concentration <11.0 g/dL. The independent variables such as socioeconomic and demographic conditions were collected by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was 19.3% among preschoolers. Children from day care centers with high socioeconomic vulnerability had lower Hb concentration than those from a non-vulnerable area (p<0.05). Conclusions: The lower concentration of hemoglobin in preschoolers is associated with the location of day care centers in an area of socioeconomic vulnerability. Children attending these day care centers face adverse family conditions such as low income, working mothers, and mothers with low schooling, though they receive social benefits and monitoring by public health services.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a associação da anemia com a vulnerabilidade socioeconômica de pré-escolares de creches públicas da cidade de Taubaté, SP, Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com amostra probabilística que analisou 363 crianças assistidas em creches públicas de regiões de baixa e alta renda de Taubaté. A concentração de hemoglobina (Hb), variável dependente, foi obtida por meio de punção digital, considerando anêmicas as crianças com concentração de Hb<11,0 g/dL. As variáveis independentes como condições socioeconômicas e demográficas foram coletadas por questionário semiestruturado. Resultados: A prevalência de anemia por deficiência de ferro foi de 19,3% entre os pré-escolares. As crianças das creches de elevada vulnerabilidade socioeconômica apresentaram concentração de Hb estatisticamente menor do que aquelas de região não vulnerável (p<0,05). Conclusões: A menor concentração de Hb em pré-escolares está associada à localização das creches em região de vulnerabilidade socioeconômica, uma vez que as crianças que frequentam tais creches enfrentam condições adversas familiares, como baixa renda, mães que trabalham e com baixa escolaridade, embora recebam benefício social e acompanhamento pelos serviços públicos de saúde.


Assuntos
Áreas de Pobreza , Anemia Ferropriva/epidemiologia , Populações Vulneráveis , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Brasil/epidemiologia , Creches , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Anemia Ferropriva/economia , Anemia Ferropriva/etiologia
13.
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 30(1): 24-31, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1101234

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inadequate diet, whether due to excess or insufficient calories and nutrients, results in health risk situations as well as inadequate nutritional profile. The presence of nutritional deficiencies is more visible in women and, therefore, is more likely to reflect the risks of such deficiencies. Knowing the profile of the nutritional status of the female population of Maranhão, Brazil, which provide evidence of the nutritional status of their families, may support the creation of specific actions to combat eating problems and, consequently, improve their healthOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional profile and its relationship with social determinants in a population of women attended by the program of Family Health Strategy in MaranhãoMETHODS: Cross-sectional study with 989 women aged 15 to 49 years, carried out during July to September 2010. Socioeconomic data were collected through a questionnaire, in addition it was applied of the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale to know the level of food insecurity. Body mass index (BMI) and hip and waist circumference measurements were obtained to verify the nutritional profile. The variables were analyzed for frequencies, distribution and central tendency. Bivariate analysis was performed as to the associations between socioeconomic variables and BMI. The Spearman correlation coefficient was used between the food safety score and the BMI, adopting a significance level of 5%. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performedRESULTS: It was found a relationship between the BMI classification with some social determinants such as age, family income and food insecurity. There is a high prevalence of women at nutritional risk, especially for overweight and obesity, as well as the presence of thinness and short statureCONCLUSION: Socioeconomic factors have a significant association with women's Body Mass Index indicating that there is an important relationship between age-matched maternal Body Mass Index and food insecurity


INTRODUÇÃO: A alimentação inadequada, seja por excesso ou insuficiência de calorias e nutrientes, resulta em situações de risco à saúde assim como inadequações do perfil nutricional. A presença de deficiências nutricionais é mais visível em mulheres e, portanto, existe maior probabilidade de refletir os riscos de tais deficiências. . Conhecer o perfil do estado nutricional da população feminina do Maranhão, que retratar o estado nutricional de suas família, podendo auxiliar na criação de ações específicas no combate aos problemas alimentares e, consequentemente, de saúdeOBJETIVO: Avaliar o perfil nutricional e sua relação com determinantes sociais em população de mulheres maranhenses atendidas pela Estratégia Saúde da FamíliaMÉTODO: Estudo de corte transversal com 989 mulheres maranhenses com idade entre 15 e 49 anos, de julho a setembro de 2010. Por meio de questionário foram coletados dados para verificação das condições socioeconômicas, além da aplicação da Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alimentar para verificar o nível de insegurança alimentar. Índice de Massa Corporal e as medidas de circunferências de quadril e cintura foram obtidas para verificar o perfil nutricional. . As variáveis foram analisadas quanto a frequências, distribuição e tendência central. Foi realizada a análise bivariada quanto às associações entre as variáveis socioeconômicas e o Índice de Massa Corporal. Utilizou-se o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman entre o escore de segurança alimentar e o Índice de Massa Corporal, adotando-se o nível de significância de 5%. A análise de regressão linear de múltiplas variáveis foi realizadaRESULTADOS: Houve relação entre a classificação do Índice de Massa Corporal das mulheres com determinantes sociais como idade, renda familiar e insegurança alimentar. Observa-se prevalência elevada de mulheres em risco nutricional, principalmente para sobrepeso e obesidade, embora se observe ainda a presença de magreza e de baixa estaturaCONCLUSÃO: Os fatores socioeconômicos tem associação significante ao Índice de Massa Corporal das mulheres indicando que existe uma importante relação entre Índice de Massa Corporal materno com idade e a situação de insegurança alimentar

14.
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 30(1): 40-48, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1101236

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity is becoming more and more frequent in children, which can result in health problems both in childhood and in adulthood. Considering that, at school age, eating habits may be influenced by the context in which the child is inserted, mainly, lifestyle, inside and outside the school environment, it is important to evaluate the growth achieved in height, as well as their nutritional status, since this can be an indication of future and possible nutritional disorders, allowing to direct resources and effective public policies in this age groupOBJECTIVE: Evaluate the growth in stature and nutritional condition of schoolchildren by gender and age in Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, in the first semester of the 2012 school yearMETHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 595 children of six to ten years of age, through the marketing of Public Municipal Elementary Schools, in the city of Florianópolis, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The statistical analysis of the data was performed with the Statistical Package for the Social Science, version 20.0RESULTS: It was assessed a larger proportion of children between seven and nine years of age, and both in relation to the stature as the Body Mass Index (BMI). The medians are higher when compared to the reference (World Health Organization), revealing that the children are growing well, even above the average for the benchmark. However, at the same time, they have a BMI higher than expected, even considering their high stature. The diagnosis of nutritional status among the boys and girls showed no statistical differences. However, it is worth highlighting that, although the bigger prevalence is eutrophic children (70.3%), a high prevalence of excess weight (overweight, obesity and severe obesity) can also be observed, around 28% of the sampleCONCLUSION: Although most children were found to be in normal nutritional condition, some were identified as being overweight or obese. It was evident that nutritional condition does not differ in relation to gender, but is influenced by age and height


INTRODUÇÃO: A obesidade vem se tornando cada vez mais frequente em crianças, o que pode resultar em agravos à saúde tanto na infância quanto na idade adulta. Considerando que, na idade escolar, os hábitos alimentares podem sofrer influência do contexto em que a criança está inserida, principalmente, estilo de vida, dentro e fora do ambiente escolar, torna-se importante avaliar o crescimento alcançado em estatura, bem como o seu estado nutricional, visto que este pode ser um indicativo de futuros e possíveis distúrbios nutricionais, permitindo direcionar recursos e políticas públicas efetivas nessa faixa etáriaOBJETIVO: Avaliar o crescimento em estatura e o estado nutricional de crianças em idade escolar em função do sexo e idade em Florianópolis no primeiro semestre do ano letivo de 2012MÉTODO: Estudo de corte transversal, realizado com 595 crianças de seis a dez anos de idade, frequentadoras de Escolas Públicas Municipais de Ensino Fundamental I, na cidade de Florianópolis, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Utilizou-se um questionário para coleta de dados. Os dados foram digitados e armazenados em planilhas, utilizando o programa Microsoft Excel 2007. A análise estatística dos dados foi realizada com o Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS), versão 20.0. O peso e a altura foram inicialmente comparados à curva normal, aplicando-se o teste de distância Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Foram utilizados estatística descritiva e o teste de correlação de PearsonRESULTADOS: Evidenciou-se uma proporção maior de crianças entre os sete e nove anos de idade, e tanto em relação à estatura quanto ao IMC, as medianas estão superiores quando comparadas ao do referencial (Organização Mundial de Saúde), revelando que as crianças estão crescendo bem, inclusive acima da média do referencial, mas que ao mesmo tempo apresentam um IMC acima do esperado, mesmo considerando a elevada estatura. O diagnóstico do estado nutricional entre os meninos e meninas não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas. Contudo, vale destacar que, embora a maior prevalência seja de crianças eutróficas (70,3%), pode-se observar alta prevalência de excesso de peso (sobrepeso, obesidade e obesidade grave), em torno de 28% da amostraCONCLUSÃO: Embora com prevalência do estado nutricional normal, identificou- se o sobrepeso e a obesidade. Evidenciou-se que o estado nutricional não tem diferença em função do sexo, contudo é influenciado pela idade e estatura

15.
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 29(3): 410-415, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057557

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency anemia is a major public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the hemoglobin value and the prevalence of anemia in women in reproductive age, mothers of children enrolled in municipal day care centers in a municipality with a high Human Development Index, in the Southeast region of Brazil, and related factors, including being attended by the Family Health Strategy. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 230 women between 15 and 49 years old. Data collection was performed through a form, addressing socioeconomic variables and maternal health. It was verified: weight, height and hemoglobin concentration dosage. : The prevalence of anemia in women was 9.6%, with an average hemoglobin concentration of 14.6 g / dL. In the bivariate analysis, the following variables were associated with anemia: age, having a disease, obstetric complications in the pregnancy of the studied child and, as a protective factor, being in the Family Health Strategy program. In the binary logistic analysis, only being met by the Family Health Strategy proved to be a significant protective effect against anemia (OR = 0.391, p <0.05). CONCLUSION: Although there is a slight prevalence of anemia, according to World Health Organization criteria, in urban areas with a high Human Development Index, well-conducted health care policies, the Family Health Strategy in particular can contribute to further reduce plus the prevalence of this condition in the health of women of reproductive age.


INTRODUÇÃO: Anemia ferropriva é um importante problema de saúde pública. OBJETIVO: Analisar o valor de hemoglobina e a prevalência de anemia em mulheres em idade reprodutiva, mães de filhos inscritos em creches municipais de um município com alto Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano, na região Sudeste, além de fatores a elas relacionados, incluindo serem atendidas pela Estratégia de Saúde da Família. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com amostra constituída por 230 mulheres entre 15 e 49 anos de idade. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de formulário, abordando variáveis socioeconômicas e saúde materna. Verificaram-se: peso, estatura e dosagem da concentração da hemoglobina. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de anemia nas mulheres foi de 9,6%, com média de concentração da hemoglobina de 14,6g/dL. Na análise bivariada, mostraram associação com anemia as variáveis: idade, ter alguma doença, intercorrências obstétricas na gestação da criança estudada e, como fator de proteção, estar no programa Estratégia de Saúde da Família. Na análise binária logística, apenas ser atendida pela Estratégia de Saúde da Família demonstrou ser significante efeito protetor frente à anemia (OR=0,391, p<0,05). CONCLUSÃO: Apesar de haver uma prevalência leve de anemia, pelo critério da Organização Mundial da Saúde, em área urbana de alto Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano, políticas de atenção à saúde e bem conduzidas, a Estratégia de Saúde da Família em particular, podem contribuir para reduzir ainda mais a prevalência desse agravo na saúde das mulheres em idade reprodutiva.

16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(9)2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500381

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: To verify the use of the tri-ponderalmass index (TMI) as a screening tool for risk of central fat accumulation in preschool children. Materials and Methods: An observational, analytical study was carried out on samples from children 2 to 5 years of age. The body mass index (BMI) and the tri-ponderalmass index (TMI: Weight/height3) were calculated. The waist circumference-to-height ratio (WHtR) was used to classify central fat accumulation risk. Preschoolers whose WHtRwas in the upper tertile of the sample were classified as at risk for central fat accumulation. A comparison of the two indicators (BMI and TMI) was made from the area under the receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve (AUC) in the discrimination of the WHtR. Results: The sample used for analysis was 919 preschoolers. The mean age of the children was 3.9 years (SD = 0.7). The difference in AUC was 5% higher for TMI (p < 0.0001). In the individual analysis of the ROC curve of the TMI, favoring a higher sensitivity, the cutoff point of 14.0 kg/m3 showed a sensitivity of 99.3% (95% CI: 97.6-99.9). Conclusion: Considering WHtR as a marker of possible future metabolic risk among preschool children, TMI proved to be a useful tool, superior to BMI, in screening for risk of central fat accumulation in preschool children.


Assuntos
Produto da Acumulação Lipídica , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Medição de Risco/normas , Área Sob a Curva , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/instrumentação , Programas de Rastreamento/normas , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco
17.
NeuroRehabilitation ; 45(1): 1-9, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research into the evolution of the functional performance of children and adolescents with DS enables parents and professionals involved in their follow-up to promote their development. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional abilities of children and adolescents with Down syndrome and the assistance offered by their parents/caregivers. METHOD: A cross-sectional study, with 100 children and adolescents with DS whom parents or caregivers were interviewed to complete the Paediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Linear regression analyses were performed with the software MedCalc version 16.8.4 and GraphPad Prism version 6.07. RESULTS: Children and adolescents with DS need more time to acquire skills of self-care, mobility and social function. Their parents were able to better identify the difficulties before the children reached 8-years of age. CONCLUSION: Parents can identify the difficulties of their children when they are younger and offer more assistance, but this does not happen when the children are of elementary school age. This suggests that they need professional support that is not restricted to the guidelines and the schools.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Cuidadores , Síndrome de Down/reabilitação , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reabilitação Neurológica/métodos , Pais , Autocuidado
18.
Child Obes ; 15(6): 406-410, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162946

RESUMO

Background: Determining trends in the nutritional status of children may guide care prevention beyond this age in an effort to reduce the prevalence and incidence of overweight and/or obese children. The objective of this study is to evaluate the evolution of the nutritional status of preschool children in two moments, with an interval of 2 years. Methods: This is a cohort study of a random probabilistic sample of preschool children attending public schools within an urban area of high human development index city, in the hinterland of São Paulo state. In 2016, we reassessed the nutritional status of 351 preschoolers evaluated in 2014, comparing the prevalence of overweight according to BMI >1 z-score. Results: The prevalence of overweight was 31.05% (2014) and 31.06% (2016) and mean BMI z-scores were 0.58 and 0.57, respectively. The nutritional status classification of the preschool children showed almost no agreement between the two time points (κ = 0.053). Nevertheless, children with overweight in 2014 had a relative risk of 1.96 of being overweight or obese in 2016 (p = 0.0473). Conclusions: Prevalence of overweight among preschoolers was the same at 2 and 5 years of age, with no tendency to grow. Despite this, 2-year-old preschoolers with overweight present a twofold higher relative risk for excessive weight at 5 years of age. These changes of nutritional status at preschool age evince the great flexibility of their nutritional condition during this period of life.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação Nutricional , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
19.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190008, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892471

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Combating malnutrition is among the greatest health challenges and needs to be guided by the reality of each region. Studies that assess nutritional status are essential to support interventions, especially in children. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the nutritional status of under-five children attended by the family health strategyin the state of Maranhao. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with children of a sample of probabilistic and stratified representative for the state, six to 59 months. The variables age of the child, gender, household situation and Food Insecurity (Brazilian Scale of Food Insecurity) classification were collected through interviews. The z-score (Z) values ​of height for age, weight for height and Body Mass Index (BMI) for age were calculated.Thenutritional status of the children was classified according to the norms of the Ministry of Health. Statistical methods of correlation were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Of the 956 children, 9.6% had low or very low height for age. According to the BMI for age overweight was observed in 23.2% of children. The rural children have on average less height and body mass index Z. In total 70.4% of children were food insecure with inverse correlation with height-for-age Z (r = -0,15, p < 0,0001) and no correlation with BMI z score for age (r = -0,05, p= 0,09). CONCLUSION: Chronic malnutrition can still be considered a public health problem despite the nutritional transition that already occurs in these families.


INTRODUÇÃO: O combate à má nutrição está entre os maiores desafios de saúde e precisa ser norteado conforme a realidade de cada região. Estudos que avaliem o estado nutricional são imprescindíveis para embasar intervenções, principalmente em crianças. OBJETIVO: Analisar o perfil epidemiológico nutricional de crianças menores de cinco anos atendidas pela Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) no Maranhão. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal com crianças de 6 a 59 meses, de uma amostra do tipo probabilística e estratificada, representativa para o estado. Foram coletadas, por entrevistas, as variáveis "idade da criança", "sexo", "situação do domicílio" e "classificação de Insegurança Alimentar" (Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alimentar). Foi realizado o cálculo dos valores de escore z (Z) de estatura para a idade, peso para a estatura e índice de massa corpórea (IMC) para a idade. Oestado nutricional foi classificado segundo as normas do Ministério da Saúde. Para a análise dos dados foram utilizados métodos estatísticos de correlação. RESULTADOS: Das 956 crianças, 9,6% apresentaram estatura baixa ou muito baixa. Segundo o Z de IMC, o excesso de peso foi observado em 23,2% das crianças. As crianças da zona rural têm média Z de estatura e de IMC menor. No total, 70,4% das crianças apresentaram situação de insegurança alimentar, com correlação inversa com a estatura (r: -0,15; p < 0,0001) e sem correlação com o Z de IMC (r: -0,05; p = 0,09). CONCLUSÃO: A desnutrição crônica ainda pode ser considerada um problema de saúde pública no Maranhão, a despeito da transição nutricional que já ocorre nessas famílias.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional , Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Equidade em Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Pobreza
20.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22: e190008, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-990737

RESUMO

RESUMO: Introdução: O combate à má nutrição está entre os maiores desafios de saúde e precisa ser norteado conforme a realidade de cada região. Estudos que avaliem o estado nutricional são imprescindíveis para embasar intervenções, principalmente em crianças. Objetivo: Analisar o perfil epidemiológico nutricional de crianças menores de cinco anos atendidas pela Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) no Maranhão. Método: Estudo transversal com crianças de 6 a 59 meses, de uma amostra do tipo probabilística e estratificada, representativa para o estado. Foram coletadas, por entrevistas, as variáveis "idade da criança", "sexo", "situação do domicílio" e "classificação de Insegurança Alimentar" (Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alimentar). Foi realizado o cálculo dos valores de escore z (Z) de estatura para a idade, peso para a estatura e índice de massa corpórea (IMC) para a idade. Oestado nutricional foi classificado segundo as normas do Ministério da Saúde. Para a análise dos dados foram utilizados métodos estatísticos de correlação. Resultados: Das 956 crianças, 9,6% apresentaram estatura baixa ou muito baixa. Segundo o Z de IMC, o excesso de peso foi observado em 23,2% das crianças. As crianças da zona rural têm média Z de estatura e de IMC menor. No total, 70,4% das crianças apresentaram situação de insegurança alimentar, com correlação inversa com a estatura (r: -0,15; p < 0,0001) e sem correlação com o Z de IMC (r: -0,05; p = 0,09). Conclusão: A desnutrição crônica ainda pode ser considerada um problema de saúde pública no Maranhão, a despeito da transição nutricional que já ocorre nessas famílias.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Combating malnutrition is among the greatest health challenges and needs to be guided by the reality of each region. Studies that assess nutritional status are essential to support interventions, especially in children. Objective: To analyze the nutritional status of under-five children attended by the family health strategyin the state of Maranhao. Method: Cross-sectional study with children of a sample of probabilistic and stratified representative for the state, six to 59 months. The variables age of the child, gender, household situation and Food Insecurity (Brazilian Scale of Food Insecurity) classification were collected through interviews. The z-score (Z) values ​of height for age, weight for height and Body Mass Index (BMI) for age were calculated.Thenutritional status of the children was classified according to the norms of the Ministry of Health. Statistical methods of correlation were used to analyze the data. Results: Of the 956 children, 9.6% had low or very low height for age. According to the BMI for age overweight was observed in 23.2% of children. The rural children have on average less height and body mass index Z. In total 70.4% of children were food insecure with inverse correlation with height-for-age Z (r = -0,15, p < 0,0001) and no correlation with BMI z score for age (r = -0,05, p= 0,09). Conclusion: Chronic malnutrition can still be considered a public health problem despite the nutritional transition that already occurs in these families.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional , Pobreza , Estatura , Peso Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Equidade em Saúde , Programas Nacionais de Saúde
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