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1.
Lancet Haematol ; 6(9): e470-e479, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, achievement of a complete response with minimal residual disease of less than 0·01% (ie, <1 chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cell per 10 000 leukocytes) in bone marrow has been associated with improved progression-free survival. We aimed to explore the activity of induction therapy for 9 months with obinutuzumab and ibrutinib, followed up with a minimal residual disease-driven therapeutic strategy for 6 additional months, in previously untreated patients. METHODS: We did a single-arm, phase 2 trial in 27 university hospitals, general hospitals, and specialist cancer centres in France. Eligible patients were at least 18 years old and previously untreated, and had immunophenotypically confirmed B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of less than 2; a Binet stage C according to IWCLL 2008 criteria or Binet stage A and B with active disease; no 17p deletion or absence of p53 mutation; and were considered medically fit. In the first part of the study (induction phase), all participants received eight intravenous infusions of obinutuzumab 1000 mg over six 4-weekly cycles and oral ibrutinib 420 mg once per day for 9 months. In part 2, after assessment on day 1 of month 9, patients with a complete response and bone marrow minimal residual disease of less than 0·01% received only oral ibrutinib 420 mg once per day for 6 additional months. Patients with a partial response, or with a complete response and bone marrow minimal residual disease of 0·01% or more, received 6 months of four 4-weekly cycles of intravenous fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and obinutuzumab 1000 mg, alongside continuing ibrutinib 420 mg once per day. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving a complete response with bone marrow minimal residual disease less than 0·01% on day 1 of month 16 assessed by intention to treat (ITT). This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (number NCT02666898) and is still open for follow-up. FINDINGS: Between Oct 27, 2015, and May 16, 2017, 135 patients were enrolled. After induction treatment (day 1 of month 9), 130 patients were evaluable, of which ten (8%) achieved a complete response with bone marrow minimal residual disease of less than 0·01% and were assigned to ibrutinib, and 120 (92%) were assigned to ibrutinib plus fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and obinutuzumab. After minimal residual disease-guided treatment (day 1 of month 16), 84 (62%, 90% CI 55-69) of 135 patients (ITT population) achieved a complete response with bone marrow minimal residual disease of less than 0·01%. The most common haematological adverse event was thrombocytopenia (in 45 [34%] of 133 patients at grade 1-2 in months 1-9 and in 43 [33%] of 130 patients at grade 1-2 in months 9-15). The most common non-haematological adverse events were infusion-related reactions (in 83 [62%] patients at grade 1-2 in months 1-9) and gastrointestinal disorders (in 62 [48%] patients at grades 1 and 2 in months 9-15). 49 serious adverse events occurred, most frequently infections (ten), cardiac events (eight), and haematological events (eight). No treatment-related deaths occurred. INTERPRETATION: Obinutuzumab and ibrutinib induction therapy followed by a minimal residual disease driven strategy is safe and active in patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. With longer follow-up, including assessing the evolution of minimal residual disease, if response is maintained, this strategy could be an option in the first-line setting in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, although randomised evidence is needed. FUNDING: Roche, Janssen.

4.
Haematologica ; 104(8): 1617-1625, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655366

RESUMO

The prognostic implications of DNMT3A genotype in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia are incompletely understood. We performed comprehensive genetic and clinico-biological analyses of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients with DNMT3A mutations treated during the GRAALL-2003 and -2005 studies. Eighteen of 198 cases (9.1%) had DNMT3A alterations. Two patients also had DNMT3A mutations in non-leukemic cell DNA, providing the first potential evidence of age-related clonal hematopoiesis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DNMT3A mutation was associated with older age (median 43.9 years vs 29.4 years, P<0.001), immature T-cell receptor genotype (53.3% vs 24.4%, P=0.016) and lower remission rates (72.2% mutated vs 94.4% non-mutated, P=0.006). DNMT3A alterations were significantly associated with worse clinical outcome, with higher cumulative incidence of relapse (HR 2.33, 95% CI: 1.05-5.16, P=0.037) and markedly poorer event-free survival (HR 3.22, 95% CI: 1.81-5.72, P<0.001) and overall survival (HR 2.91, 95% CI: 1.56-5.43, P=0.001). Adjusting for age as a covariate, or restricting the analysis to patients over 40 years, who account for almost 90% of DNMT3A-mutated cases, did not modify these observations. In multivariate analysis using the risk factors that were used to stratify treatment during the GRAALL studies, DNMT3A mutation was significantly associated with shorter event-free survival (HR 2.33, 95% CI: 1.06 - 4.04, P=0.02). Altogether, these results identify DNMT3A genotype as a predictor of aggressive T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia biology. The GRAALL-2003 and -2005 studies were registered at http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov as #NCT00222027 and #NCT00327678, respectively.

6.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(8): 2483-2493, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30659025

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Biological explanation for discrepancies in patient-related response to chemotherapy depending on the underlying oncogenic events is a promising research area. TLX1- or TLX3-deregulated T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALL; TLX1/3+) share an immature cortical phenotype and similar transcriptional signatures. However, their prognostic impacts differ, and inconsistent clinical outcome has been reported for TLX3. We therefore hypothesized that the overlapping transcriptional profiles of TLX1+ and TLX3+ T-ALLs would allow identification of candidate genes, which might determine their distinct clinical outcomes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We compared TLX1+ and TLX3+ adult T-ALL outcome in the successive French national LALA-94 and GRAALL-2003/2005 multicentric trials and analyzed transcriptomic data to identify differentially expressed genes. Epigenetic regulation of asparagine synthetase (ASNS) and in vitro l-asparaginase sensitivity were evaluated for T-ALL cell lines and primary samples. RESULTS: We show that TLX1+ patients expressed low levels of ASNS when compared with TLX3+ and TLX-negative patients, due to epigenetic silencing of ASNS by both DNA methylation and a decrease of active histone marks. Promoter methylation of the ASNS gene correlated with l-asparaginase sensitivity in both T-ALL cell lines and patient-derived xenografts. Finally, ASNS promoter methylation was an independent prognostic factor for both event-free survival [HR, 0.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.24-0.71; P = 0.001] and overall survival (HR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.23-0.70; P = 0.02) in 160 GRAALL-2003/2005 T-ALL patients and also in an independent series of 47 LL03-treated T lymphoblastic lymphomas (P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that ASNS methylation status at diagnosis may allow individual adaptation of l-asparaginase dose.

7.
JMM Case Rep ; 5(8): e005160, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30323936

RESUMO

Introduction: We present what is believed to be the first report of candidaemia caused by Cyberlindnera (Pichia) jadinii (teleomorph of Candida utilis) in a patient with an aplastic anaemia. Case presentation: The patient, a 21-year-old male, presented with hepatic cytolysis, cutaneous and pulmonary involvement, and septic shock. Cyberlindnera jadinii was identified by aerobic blood culture and MS. The patient initially received multiple and combined antifungal therapy, but continued to have persistent skin lesions and fever. He was successfully treated by emergency haploidentical haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, combined with triple antifungal therapy and supportive care. Conclusion: Cyberlindnera jadinii, teleomorph of Candida utilis, which is not usually invasive, can lead to an opportunistic invasive infection in unhealthy adult patients. For treatment of the invasive candida infection, it is necessary to combine antifungal therapy and supportive care.

8.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 57(11): 533-540, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30203893

RESUMO

Trisomy 12 (tri12) is the second most frequent chromosomal aberration (15%-20%) in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Tri12 confers an intermediate prognosis but is a heterogeneous entity. We examined whether additional mutational or chromosomal alterations might impact tri12 patient outcomes. This retrospective study, carried out by the French Innovative Leukemia Organization, included 188 tri12 patients with comprehensive information on immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGHV) gene status, karyotypic/FISH abnormalities, and NOTCH1, TP53, SF3B1, and MYD88 mutations. The main cytogenetic abnormalities associated with tri12 were del(13q) (25%), additional trisomies (14%) (including tri19 (10%) and tri18 (4%)), 14q32 translocations (10%), del(17p) (6.5%), del(14q) (4%), and del(11q) (4%). Unmutated (UM) IGHV, NOTCH1, and TP53, mutations were identified in respectively 66%, 25%, and 8.5% of cases. Multivariate analyses showed that additional trisomies (HR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.23-0.78, P = .01) were associated with a significantly longer time to first treatment in Binet stage A patients and with a lower risk of relapse (HR = 0.37, 95% CI = 0.15-0.9, P = .03) in the overall tri12 population. Binet stage B/C, TP53 disruption, and UM IGHV status were associated with a shorter time to next treatment, while Binet stage B/C (HR = 4, 95% CI = 1.6-4.9, P = .002) and TP53 disruption (HR = 5, 95% CI = 1.94-12.66, P = .001) conferred shorter overall survival in multivariate comparisons. These data indicate that additional cytogenetic and mutational abnormalities, and particularly additional trisomies, IGHV status, and TP53 disruption, influence tri12 patient outcomes and could improve risk stratification in this population.

9.
Blood Cancer J ; 8(8): 74, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30069017

RESUMO

From a liquid biopsy, cell-free DNA (cfDNA) can provide information regarding basal tumoral genetic patterns and changes upon treatment. In a prospective cohort of 30 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL), we determined the clinical relevance of cfDNA using targeted next-generation sequencing and its correlation with PET scan imaging at the time of diagnosis and during treatment. Using a dedicated DLBCL panel, mutations were identified at baseline for 19 cfDNAs and profiles were consistent with expected DLBCL patterns. Tumor burden-related clinical and PET scan features (LDH, IPI, and metabolic tumor volume) were significantly correlated with the quantity of tumoral cfDNA. Among the four patients presenting additional mutations in their cfDNAs, three had high metabolic tumor volumes, suggesting that cfDNA more accurately reflects tumor heterogeneity than tissues biopsy itself. Mid-treatment, four patients still had basal mutations in their cfDNAs, including three in partial response according to their Deauville scores. Our study highlights the major interests in liquid biopsy, in particular in the context of bulky tumors where cfDNA allows capturing the entire tumoral mutation profile. Therefore, cfDNA analysis in DLBCL represents a complementary approach to PET scan imaging.

10.
Clin Case Rep ; 6(8): 1418-1421, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147874

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) remains a therapeutic challenge due to impaired drugs diffusion as a result of the blood-brain barrier and high risk of relapse. Patients with good performance status, chemo-sensitive disease, and eligible for autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) may benefit from salvage therapy and therapeutic intensification that may allow long-term remission.

11.
Leukemia ; 32(8): 1768-1777, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30030507

RESUMO

This is a pivotal, multicenter, open-label study of moxetumomab pasudotox, a recombinant CD22-targeting immunotoxin, in hairy cell leukemia (HCL), a rare B cell malignancy with high CD22 expression. The study enrolled patients with relapsed/refractory HCL who had ≥2 prior systemic therapies, including ≥1 purine nucleoside analog. Patients received moxetumomab pasudotox 40 µg/kg intravenously on days 1, 3, and 5 every 28 days for ≤6 cycles. Blinded independent central review determined disease response and minimal residual disease (MRD) status. Among 80 patients (79% males; median age, 60.0 years), durable complete response (CR) rate was 30%, CR rate was 41%, and objective response rate (CR and partial response) was 75%; 64 patients (80%) achieved hematologic remission. Among complete responders, 27 (85%) achieved MRD negativity by immunohistochemistry. The most frequent adverse events (AEs) were peripheral edema (39%), nausea (35%), fatigue (34%), and headache (33%). Treatment-related serious AEs of hemolytic uremic syndrome (7.5%) and capillary leak syndrome (5%) were reversible and generally manageable with supportive care and treatment discontinuation (6 patients; 7.5%). Moxetumomab pasudotox treatment achieved a high rate of independently assessed durable response and MRD eradication in heavily pretreated patients with HCL, with acceptable tolerability.

12.
J Clin Oncol ; 36(24): 2514-2523, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29863974

RESUMO

Purpose To evaluate randomly the role of hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide (hyper-C) dose intensification in adults with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with a pediatric-inspired protocol and to determine the upper age limit for treatment tolerability in this context. Patients and Methods A total of 787 evaluable patients (B/T lineage, 525 and 262, respectively; median age, 36.1 years) were randomly assigned to receive a standard dose of cyclophosphamide or hyper-C during first induction and late intensification. Compliance with chemotherapy was assessed by median doses actually received during each treatment phase by patients potentially exposed to the full planned doses. Results Overall complete remission (CR) rate was 91.9%. With a median follow-up of 5.2 years, the 5-year rate of event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) was 52.2% (95% CI, 48.5% to 55.7%) and 58.5% (95% CI, 54.8% to 61.9%), respectively. Randomization to the hyper-C arm did not increase the CR rate or prolong EFS or OS. As a result of worse treatment tolerance, advanced age continuously affected CR rate, EFS, and OS, with 55 years as the best age cutoff. At 5 years, EFS was 55.7% (95% CI, 51.8% to 59.4%) for patients younger than 55 years of age versus 25.8% (95% CI, 19.9% to 35.6%) in older patients (hazard ratio, 2.16; P < .001). Patients ≥ 55 years of age, in whom a lower compliance to the whole planned chemotherapy was observed, benefited significantly from hyper-C, whereas younger patients did not. Conclusion No significant benefit was associated with the introduction of a hyper-C sequence into a frontline pediatric-like adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia therapy. Overall, tolerability of an intensive pediatric-derived treatment was poor in patients ≥ 55 years of age.

15.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(2): e82-e94, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29275118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia relapse after initial therapy combining chemotherapy with rituximab. We assessed the efficacy and safety of rituximab maintenance treatment versus observation for elderly patients in remission after front-line abbreviated induction by fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR). METHODS: This randomised, open-label, multicentre phase 3 trial at 89 centres in France enrolled treatment-naive and fit patients aged 65 years or older with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia without del(17p). Eligible patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1 and adequate renal and hepatic function. Patients in response to complete induction treatment with four monthly courses of full-dose FCR with two interim rituximab doses on day 14 of cycles 1 and 2 (oral fludarabine [40 mg/m2 per day] and oral cyclophosphamide [250 mg/m2 per day] for the first 3 days of each cycle, rituximab at 375 mg/m2 intravenously on day 0 of cycle 1 and subsequently at 500 mg/m2 on day 14 of cycle 1, days 1 and 14 of cycle 2, and day 1 of cycles 3 and 4) were eligible for randomisation. Recovery from FCR toxicity and patient willingness to continue the trial were mandatory. We randomly assigned (1:1) patients to either receive intravenous rituximab (500 mg/m2) every 8 weeks for up to 2 years or undergo observation, with a central computer-generated randomisation list using randomly permuted blocks of variable sizes. Randomisation was stratified by IGHV mutational status, the presence or absence of del(11q), and response level to induction treatment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, with the objective to assess the superiority of rituximab maintenance relative to observation. The final analysis was done in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was analysed in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug in the rituximab group and in all patients in the observation group. This trial is closed to accrual whilst continuing patient follow-up. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00645606. FINDINGS: Between Dec 14, 2007, and Feb 18, 2014, 542 patients were enrolled, of whom 525 started FCR induction. Between June 10, 2008, and Aug 14, 2014, 409 (78%) patients were randomly assigned to rituximab maintenance (n=202) or observation (n=207). Four (2%) patients in the rituximab group did not receive the allocated treatment (progressive disease [n=1], adverse events [n=3]). After a median follow-up of 47·7 months (IQR 30·4-65·8), median progression-free survival in the rituximab group (59·3 months, 95% CI 49·6-not estimable) was improved compared with the observation group (49·0 months, 39·9-60·5; hazard ratio 0·55, 95% CI 0·40-0·75; p=0·0002). Neutropenia and grade 3-4 infections were more common with rituximab maintenance (105 [53%] of 198 patients vs 74 [36%] of 207 patients and 38 [19%] vs 21 [10%], respectively) during the study. The most common grade 3-4 infection was lower respiratory tract infection (24 [12%] vs eight [4%]). The incidence of second cancers, except basal cell carcinoma, was similar in both groups (29 [15%] vs 23 [11%]). Deaths were related to adverse events for 23 (11%) patients in the rituximab group and 16 (8%) in the observation group. INTERPRETATION: 2-year maintenance rituximab in selected elderly patients improves progression-free survival and shows an acceptable safety profile. Immunotherapy maintenance strategy is a relevant option in front-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, even in the age of targeted therapy. FUNDING: French National Cancer Institute (INCa), Roche, Chugai.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Rituximab/farmacologia
17.
Br J Haematol ; 179(3): 439-448, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28770576

RESUMO

Histological transformation (HT) to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a rare and poorly reported complication of Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM). We performed a retrospective study of 77 WM patients with biopsy-proven transformation to DLBCL. The median time from WM diagnosis to HT was 4·6 years and 16 patients (21%) had never been treated for WM. At HT, extranodal sites were observed in 91% of patients with a rather high incidence of central nervous system, cutaneous or testicular involvement. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography was performed in half of the patients and the median maximum standardized uptake value was 15 for transformed disease. More than 80% of cases with available data for assessment by the Hans' algorithm harboured a non-germinal centre B-cell phenotype. First-line treatment for transformation consisted of R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone)-like regimen in 85% of patients. The overall response rate after first-line treatment was 61% and the median overall survival was only 16 months for the entire cohort. Time to transformation above 5 years (P = 0·0004) and elevated LDH (P = 0·02) were associated with worse outcome. Based on these findings, HT should be considered and lead to a biopsy in WM patients presenting with extranodal involvement, elevated LDH and constitutional symptoms. The optimal therapeutic approaches remain to be defined.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biópsia , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 44(12): 2034-2041, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28733763

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We examined whether FDG PET can be used to predict outcome in patients with lymphoblastic lymphoma (LL). METHODS: This was a retrospective post hoc analysis of data from the GRAAL-LYSA LL03 trial, in which the treatment of LL using an adapted paediatric-like acute lymphoblastic leukaemia protocol was evaluated. PET data acquired at baseline and after induction were analysed. Maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax), total metabolic tumour volume and total lesion glycolysis were measured at baseline. The relative changes in SUVmax from baseline (ΔSUVmax) and the Deauville score were determined after induction. RESULTS: The population analysed comprised 36 patients with T-type LL. SUVmax using a cut-off value of ≤8.76 vs. >8.76 was predictive of 3-year event-free survival (31.6% vs. 80.4%; p = 0.013) and overall survival (35.0% vs. 83.7%; p = 0.028). ΔSUVmax using a cut-off value of ≤80% vs. >80% tended also to be predictive of 3-year event-free survival (40.0% vs. 76.0%; p = 0.054) and overall survival (49.2% vs. 85.6%; p = 0.085). Total metabolic tumour volume, baseline total lesion glycolysis and response according to the Deauville score were not predictive of outcome. CONCLUSIONS: A low initial SUVmax was predictive of worse outcomes in our series of patients with T-type LL. Although relatively few patients were included, the study also suggested that ΔSUVmax may be useful for predicting therapeutic efficacy.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
19.
Oncotarget ; 8(29): 48157-48168, 2017 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28636991

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) have recurrent genomic alterations. The main objective of our study was to demonstrate that targeted sequencing of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) released by PCNSL at the time of diagnosis could identify somatic mutations by next-generation sequencing (NGS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: PlasmacfDNA and matched tumor DNA (tDNA) from 25 PCNSL patients were sequenced using an Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (Life Technologies®). First, patient-specific targeted sequencing of identified somatic mutations in tDNA was performed. Then, a second sequencing targeting MYD88 c.T778C was performed and compared to plasma samples from 25 age-matched control patients suffering from other types of cancer. RESULTS: According to the patient-specific targeted sequencing, eight patients (32% [95% CI 15-54%]) had detectable somatic mutations in cfDNA. Considering MYD88 sequencing, six patients had the specific c.T778C alteration detected in plasma. Using a control group, the sensitivity was 24% [9-45%] and the specificity was 100%. Tumor volume or deep brain structure involvement did not influence the detection of somatic mutations in plasma. CONCLUSION: This pilot study provided evidence that somatic mutations can be detected by NGS in the cfDNA of a subset of patients suffering from PCNSL.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Linfoma/genética , Mutação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , DNA Circular , DNA de Neoplasias , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genômica/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/terapia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
J Clin Oncol ; 35(23): 2683-2691, 2017 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28605290

RESUMO

Purpose Early thymic precursor (ETP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an immunophenotypically defined subgroup of T-cell ALL (T-ALL) associated with high rates of intrinsic treatment resistance. Studies in children have shown that the negative prognostic impact of chemotherapy resistance is abrogated by the implementation of early response-based intensification strategies. Comparable data in adults are lacking. Patients and Methods We performed comprehensive clinicobiologic, genetic, and survival analyses of a large cohort of 213 adult patients with T-ALL, including 47 patients with ETP-ALL, treated in the GRAALL (Group for Research on Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia) -2003 and -2005 studies. Results Targeted next-generation sequencing revealed that the genotype of immunophenotypically defined adult T-ALL is similar to the pediatric equivalent, with high rates of mutations in factors involved in cytokine receptor and RAS signaling (62.2%), hematopoietic development (29.7%), and chemical modification of histones (48.6%). In contrast to pediatric cases, mutations in DNA methylation factor genes were also common (32.4%). We found that despite expected high levels of early bone marrow chemotherapy resistance (87%), the overall prognosis for adults with ETP-ALL treated using the GRAALL protocols was not inferior to that of the non-ETP-ALL group (5-year overall survival: ETP, 59.6%; 95% CI, 44.2% to 72.0% v non-ETP, 66.5%; 95% CI, 58.7% to 73.2%; P = 0.33) and that allogeneic stem-cell transplantation had a beneficial effect in a large proportion of patients with ETP-ALL. Conclusion Our results suggest that the use of response-based risk stratification and therapy intensification abrogates the poor prognosis of adult ETP-ALL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/terapia , Neoplasias do Timo/genética , Neoplasias do Timo/terapia , Adulto , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Metilação de DNA/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Genótipo , Hematopoese/genética , Histonas/química , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Prognóstico , Receptores de Citocinas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Proteínas ras/genética , Proteínas ras/metabolismo
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