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1.
Int J Prosthodont ; 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750997

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different forms of denture adhesives on the formation of biofilm and on adhesive strength, as well as the effectiveness of hygiene protocols for their removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of the heat-cured polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin were made and divided into four groups: control (no adhesive), ultra Corega cream, Corega strip adhesive, and ultra Corega powder (GlaxoSmithKline). Biofilm formation was evaluated by counting colony-forming units and fluorescence microscopy. To evaluate the effectiveness of the hygiene protocols, the samples were divided into five subgroups: brushing with distilled water; brushing with Protex soap; brushing with Colgate toothpaste; immersion in Corega Tabs; and immersion in Corega Tabs followed by brushing with the solution itself. The remaining adhesive was quantified with ImageJ software. The adhesive strength was tested at different time intervals after application. After verifying the data distribution using Shapiro-Wilk test, parametric or nonparametric analysis was applied (α = .05). RESULTS: Candida albicans formed more biofilm in strip (P = .007) and powder (P = .001), Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cream (P < .001) and powder (P < .001), and Staphylococcus aureus in strip (P < .001). All forms of the adhesives promoted higher biofilm formation when compared to control (P = .003). Brushing with Colgate and Protex was most effective for removing the adhesives (P < .05). Independently, Powder had the highest adhesive strength (P < .05). Only Strip showed a change in adhesive strength, with higher values after 3 hours of application (P = .004). CONCLUSION: Daily treatments with mechanical cleaning of the prosthesis are important for removing the adhesives, since the presence of this material can favor biofilm accumulation. The adhesive strength may vary depending on the commercial type, but all forms can be effective in retaining prostheses for a satisfactory period of time.

2.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e29, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605359

RESUMO

This study evaluated how Er,Cr:YSGG laser, associated or not with 5% fluoride varnish, influences the surface roughness and volume loss of bovine root dentin submitted to erosive and/or abrasive wear. One hundred and twenty dentin specimens were divided into the groups: without preventive treatment (WPT), 5% fluoride varnish (FV); Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (L), and varnish combined with laser (FV + L). The specimens (n = 10) were subdivided into: 1 = erosion (E); 2 = abrasion (A); and 3 = erosion followed by abrasion (E + A). The erosive solution used was a soft-drink (pH = 2.42 at 4ºC) applied in 5-min cycles twice a day for 10d. Abrasive wear involved brushing for 60s with an electric brush (1,600-oscillations/s) at a load of 2.0N. Surface roughness and volume loss were evaluated using a laser scanning confocal microscope. Roughness data were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test. For volume loss, the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-hoc tests were used (α = 5%). The lowest values of roughness were found in the control areas of all subgroups (p > 0.05). In the experimental area, the [(WPT) + (E+A)] subgroup had a significantly higher roughness (5.712 ± 0.163 µm 2 ) than the other subgroups (p < 0.05). The L and (FV + L) groups had statistically similar roughness, regardless of the type of wear. The (FV + L) group had the lowest volume loss, regardless of the type of wear performed: [(FV + L) + (E)] = 7.5%, [(FV + L) + (A) = 7.3%, and [(FV + L) + (E + A)] = 8.1%. The subgroup [(WPT) + (E + A)] had the highest volume loss (52.3%). The proposed treatments were effective in controlling dentin roughness. Laser irradiation can be an effective method to increase root dentin resistance after challenges and limit problems related to non-carious lesions.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido , Erosão Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Dentina , Fluoretos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Raiz Dentária , Escovação Dentária
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e29, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1153613

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated how Er,Cr:YSGG laser, associated or not with 5% fluoride varnish, influences the surface roughness and volume loss of bovine root dentin submitted to erosive and/or abrasive wear. One hundred and twenty dentin specimens were divided into the groups: without preventive treatment (WPT), 5% fluoride varnish (FV); Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (L), and varnish combined with laser (FV + L). The specimens (n = 10) were subdivided into: 1 = erosion (E); 2 = abrasion (A); and 3 = erosion followed by abrasion (E + A). The erosive solution used was a soft-drink (pH = 2.42 at 4ºC) applied in 5-min cycles twice a day for 10d. Abrasive wear involved brushing for 60s with an electric brush (1,600-oscillations/s) at a load of 2.0N. Surface roughness and volume loss were evaluated using a laser scanning confocal microscope. Roughness data were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test. For volume loss, the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-hoc tests were used (α = 5%). The lowest values of roughness were found in the control areas of all subgroups (p > 0.05). In the experimental area, the [(WPT) + (E+A)] subgroup had a significantly higher roughness (5.712 ± 0.163 μm 2 ) than the other subgroups (p < 0.05). The L and (FV + L) groups had statistically similar roughness, regardless of the type of wear. The (FV + L) group had the lowest volume loss, regardless of the type of wear performed: [(FV + L) + (E)] = 7.5%, [(FV + L) + (A) = 7.3%, and [(FV + L) + (E + A)] = 8.1%. The subgroup [(WPT) + (E + A)] had the highest volume loss (52.3%). The proposed treatments were effective in controlling dentin roughness. Laser irradiation can be an effective method to increase root dentin resistance after challenges and limit problems related to non-carious lesions.

4.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 15(3): 306-316, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760925

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vivo, the immediate masking effect of white spot lesions (WSLs) treated with an infiltrant resin (IR). The investigation was conducted on 40 young adolescent and adult patients (11 to 23 years old) who presented with at least one permanent maxillary or mandibular anterior tooth with active WSLs on the enamel (ICDAS score 2). Before resin infiltration, the color of both the WSLs and the sound adjacent enamel (SAE) was evaluated by a digital spectrophotometer (CIELab). Subsequently, a resin infiltration technique (Icon) was performed on the WSLs according to the manufacturer's instruction. At the end of the clinical session, the color of the IR was evaluated. The color difference (ΔE) was calculated between WSL × SAE, WSL × IR, and IR × SAE, and then analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by the Tukey's test. The L*, a*, and b* values of WSL, SAE, and IR were compared using the Student's t test for related samples (α = 5%). The ΔE observed was 5.93 ± 0.41 on the WSL × IR comparison, and 5.77 ± 0.41 on the IR × S AE one, indicating that the color of the WSL changed after treatment, but that the infiltration did not fully camouflage the WSLs when compared with the SAE. The lightness was higher for the SAE than for the IR. It was concluded that the IR treatment was not able to camouflage the color of the WSLs when compared with the SAE. However, the treatment was able to attenuate the discoloration of the demineralized dental enamel.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Esmalte Dentário , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Cor , Humanos , Resinas Sintéticas , Espectrofotometria , Adulto Jovem
5.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 21(4): https://seer.pgsskroton.com/index.php/JHealthSci/issue/view/399, 20/12/2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051674

RESUMO

The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser associated or not to a desensitizing agent in the treatment of erosive lesions. Forty specimens with dimensions of 4mm x 4mm and 3mm thickness were divided into 4 groups (n = 10): G1- no treatment; G2- 5% fluoride varnish; G3- Er,Cr: YSGG; G4 - fluoride varnish + laser. The specimens were immersed in erosive drink 3 times a day for 1 minute with an average interval of 2 hours between cycles for a period of 10 days. The treatments were performed according to the groups and the surface roughness and the wear profile were analyzed by scanning confocal microscopy. The normality (Kolmogorov-Smirnov) and homogeneity (Levene's) of the tests were evaluated. After these analyzes, the surface roughness data were submitted to the statistical analysis of Variance Analysis (ANOVA). All tests adopted a significance level of 5% (α = 0.05). At the representative images of the wear profile, the morphology of bovine dental enamel in its control and eroded areas were compared and qualitatively discussed. As regard surface roughness, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. The qualitative analysis of the loss of volume showed that all experimental groups showed significant superficial morphology differences. Considering the limitations of an in vitro study, it can be concluded that the treatments performed were not able to treat dental erosion satisfactorily, indicating the need for more treatment sessions. (AU)


O objetivo desse estudo in vitro foi avaliar a influência do laser Er,Cr:YSGG associado ou não a um agente dessensibilizante no tratamento de lesões erosivas. Foram confeccionados 40 espécimes com dimensões de 4mm x 4mm e 3mm de espessura, divididos em 4 grupos (n=10): G1- nenhum tratamento; G2- verniz fluoretado 5%; G3- aplicação do laser Er,Cr:YSGG; G4- verniz fluoretado + laser. Os espécimes foram imersos em bebida erosiva, 3 vezes por dia, durante 1 minuto, com intervalo médio de 2 horas entre os ciclos, por um período de 10 dias. Os tratamentos foram realizados de acordo com os grupos e que foram analisados a rugosidade superficial e o perfil de desgaste por meio de microscopia confocal de varredura. Avaliou-se a normalidade (Kolmogorov-Smirnov) e homogeneidade (Levene's) dos dados. Após estas análises, os dados de rugosidade superficial foram submetidos ao teste estatístico de Análise de Variância (ANOVA). Todos os testes adotaram nível de significância de 5% (α=0,05). Através da obtenção das imagens representativas do perfil desgaste, a morfologia do esmalte dental bovino em suas áreas controle e erodida foram comparadas e qualitativamente discutidas. Quanto à rugosidade superficial, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos. A análise qualitativa da perda de volume mostrou que todos os grupos experimentais apresentaram diferenças significativas na morfologia superficial. Considerando as limitações de um estudo in vitro pode-se concluir que os tratamentos realizados não foram capazes de tratar a erosão dentária de forma satisfatória, indicando a necessidade de mais sessões de tratamento.

6.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 21(2): https://seer.pgsskroton.com/index.php/JHealthSci/article/view/6448, 19/06/2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051277

RESUMO

Early diagnosis of white spot lesions allows non-invasive treatment to be indicated for the remineralization of active lesions. The goal was to report the clinical Protocol for the treatment of white spot lesion of a patient by the technique of resin infiltration, observing whether there is change of color on the white spot of the dental enamel after its treatment. The selected patient was 16 years old with good overall health, who featured white spot lesion of the dental enamel on tooth 13, classified as ICDAS score 2. The tooth was photographed, and its color was evaluated with the spectrophotometer in accordance with the CIELhC system. For comparison purposes, the color of tooth enamel in an area adjacent to the lesion was evaluated. The treatment of the lesion was performed with the resin infiltrate Icon (DMG, Hamburg, Germany), following the manufacturer's instructions. The color of the tooth was re-evaluated after the application of the resin infiltrate. At the end of the procedure, it was observed that the treatment of white spot lesion by resin infiltration technique reached its goal because, in addition to being minimally invasive, it was highly approved by patient and it provided the masking of the white spot lesion on the dental enamel. (AU).


O diagnóstico precoce de lesões de mancha branca permite que um tratamento não invasivo seja indicado para a remineralização das lesões ativas. O objetivo foi relatar o protocolo clínico para tratamento de lesão de mancha branca ativa de um paciente pela técnica do infiltrante resinoso, observando se existe alteração de cor da mancha branca do esmalte dental após o seu tratamento. Foi selecionada uma paciente, de 16 anos de idade, com boa saúde geral e que apresentava lesão de mancha branca no esmalte dental do dente 13, classificada pelo escore 2 do ICDAS. O dente foi fotografado e sua cor foi avaliada com o espectrofotômetro de acordo com o sistema CIELhC. Para fins de comparação, foi avaliada a cor do esmalte dental em uma área adjacente à lesão. O tratamento da lesão foi realizado com a resina infiltrante Icon (DMG, Hamburgo, Alemanha), seguindo as recomendações do fabricante. A cor do dente foi reavaliada após a aplicação do infiltrante. Ao final do procedimento, observou-se que o tratamento da lesão de mancha branca pela técnica da resina infiltrante atingiu seu objetivo pois, além de ter sido minimamente invasiva, foi bem avaliada pela paciente e proporcionou o mascaramento da lesão de mancha branca do esmalte dental. (AU).

7.
Lasers Med Sci ; 34(5): 893-900, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30374705

RESUMO

This in vitro study evaluated the influence of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser, associated or not to desensitizing agents, in the prevention of acid erosion in bovine root dentin. Eighty dentin specimens were selected and divided into eight groups (n = 10): G1: negative control; G2: positive control (5% fluoride varnish-FV); G3: Er,Cr:YSGG laser; G4: FV + laser; G5: 3% potassium oxalate; G6: 3% potassium oxalate + laser; G7: biphasic calcium silicate/phosphate gel (gel); G8: gel + laser. Laser parameters: 0.5 W, 6.25 J/cm2 at 1-mm distance. The erosive drink used was a cola soft-drink (pH = 2.42 at 4 °C), lasting 5 min, twice a day, with 6-h intervals between the challenges, during 14 days. Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Levene's tests were satisfied. The surface roughness data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests. For the wear profile, Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post hoc tests were used. Afterwards, the Spearman correlation test was performed. All statistical tests assumed a significance level of 5% (α = 0.05). G1 presented the highest surface roughness value after the erosive challenge (3.586 µm2 ± 0.205 µm2) and the G7 presented the lowest surface roughness value after the erosive challenge (1.071 µm2 ± 0.180 µm2). For the lost volume, G4 presented the lowest percentage (9.7% ± 0.9%), while G1 had the highest percentage (41.8% ± 2.5%), both with p < 0.05. There was a weak correlation between the response variables (ρ = 0.33). All groups presented lower values of surface roughness and loss of volume when compared to the negative control group. For the surface roughness, the biphasic calcium silicate/phosphate gel presented the best result. For volume loss, the 5% fluoride varnish + Er,Cr:YSGG laser showed the best results compared to the other groups.


Assuntos
Ácidos/efeitos adversos , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/farmacologia , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Raiz Dentária/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Bovinos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 20(4)30/12/2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-970569

RESUMO

The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of different remineralizing agents in the treatment of enamel erosive lesions. Specimens of 4mmx4mm and 3mm thickness were made from the buccal surface of bovine incisors (n=10) and randomly divided into 4 groups. G1 = application of the remineralizing dentifrice, G2 = application of the remineralizing agent, G3 = remineralizing dentifrice + remineralizing agente, G4 = application of fluoride varnish (positive control), G5 = no treatment Specimens were immersed in refrigerant solution during a period of 10 days. The surface roughness was analyzed by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy. The data were analyzed for homogeneity (Levene's) and normality (Kolmogorov-Smirnov). Parametric tests with analysis of variance were performed on two criteria: time factor and treatment factor, and Tukey post-test for differentiation of means. All tests were statistically significant at 5% (α = 0.05). The results showed statistically significant difference, demonstrating the reduction of surface roughness after the first treatment (G3) and the other groups (G1, G2 and G4) only after the second treatment. It was concluded that the use of dentifrice composed of calcium silicate and sodium phosphate influenced the roughness of the eroded tooth enamel of the bovine tooth. (AU)


O objetivo deste trabalho in vitro foi avaliar a influência de diferentes agentes remineralizantes no tratamento de lesões erosivas em esmalte. Foram confeccionados espécimes de 4mmx4mm e 3 mm de espessura a partir da superfície vestibular de incisivos bovinos (n=10) e divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos. G1=aplicação do dentifrício remineralizante, G2= aplicação do agente potencializador remineralizante, G3= dentifrício remineralizante + agente potencializador remineralizante, G4=aplicação de verniz fluoretado (controle positivo), G5=nenhum tratamento (controle negativo). Os espécimes foram imersos em refrigerante durante um período de 10 dias. A rugosidade superficial foi analisada por meio de microscopia confocal de varredura a laser. Os dados foram analisados quanto à homogeneidade (Levene's) e normalidade (Kolmogorov- Smirnov). Foram realizados testes paramétricos com análise de variância a dois critérios: fator tempo e fator tratamento, e pós-teste de Tukey para diferenciação das médias. Todos os testes estatísticos tiveram nível de significância de 5% (α=0,05). Os resultados obtidos mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significantes, demonstrando a redução da rugosidade da superfície do esmalte logo após o primeiro tratamento (G3) e para os demais grupos (G1, G2 e G4) somente após o segundo tratamento. Concluiu-se que a utilização de dentifrício composto por silicato de cálcio e fosfato de sódio influenciou na rugosidade do esmalte erodido do dente bovino. (AU).

9.
Gen Dent ; 66(1): 66-73, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303754

RESUMO

This study analyzed nanostructured silver vanadate (AgVO3) films on certain substrate surfaces found in dental implant devices in order to see if these films promote antimicrobial activity. Enamel and glaze vehicles were used to apply the nanomaterial (0.0% [control], 2.5%, 5.0%, and 10.0% concentrations) on 3 substrates (280 specimens per substrate): polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polyacetal, and acrylic resin. An agar diffusion method was performed in triplicate to determine the antimicrobial activity against 8 microorganisms. Physical behavior and morphologic properties were also analyzed. The growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus mutans, Enterococcus faecalis, and Staphylococcus aureus was inhibited with the application of AgVO3. For Candida albicans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Prevotella intermedia, no antimicrobial activity was observed. Except for S mutans, the type of substrate did not influence the microbiologic results. The glaze showed greater antimicrobial efficacy against S aureus, E faecalis, and S mutans than did the enamel vehicle (P < 0.05). Films with 10% AgVO3 showed greater antimicrobial activity (P < 0.05). The choice of substrate or vehicle did not influence the surface roughness (P > 0.05); however, the application of 10% AgVO3 caused greater surface change (P < 0.05). The application of the nanomaterial did not influence the surface hardness of substrates when compared with the control group (P > 0.05). The use of the glaze as a vehicle provided higher hardness values (P < 0.05).


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Implantes Dentários , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade a Antimicrobianos por Disco-Difusão , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Prevotella intermedia/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Prata/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Prata/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Vanadatos/administração & dosagem , Vanadatos/farmacologia
10.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 19(4)30/10/2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-877741

RESUMO

O presente estudo analisou resinas compostas imersas em diferentes bebidas (café, vinho tinto, refrigerante a base de cola e água destilada) nos diferentes tempos de polimento. Avaliou-se também a estabilidade de cor após o repolimento. As resinas compostas utilizadas foram: Resina Filtek Z350 XT e Resina Brilliant NG; as bebidas para o experimento foram: café, refrigerante à base de cola, vinho tinto e água destilada, que corresponde ao grupo controle. Foram confeccionados 160 corpos de prova: 80 de cada resina composta. Vinte corpos de prova receberam polimento imediato, vinte receberam polimento após 24 horas, vinte o polimento após 7 dias e os outros vinte não receberam polimento. As análises de cor foram feitas utilizando o aparelho espectrocolorímetro, que utiliza o sistema CIELab. Foi avaliado o ΔE dos grupos após 30 dias (ΔE= 30d ­ baseline). Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α=5%). Os corpos-de-prova passaram por processo de repolimento com discos de Sof-Lex Pop On e, posteriormente, foram analisados em busca de identificar se houve aproximação equivalente à cor inicial. As bebidas testadas possuem capacidade de manchamento, sendo o café e o vinho tinto os grupos com maiores valores de alteração de cor, seguido do refrigerante à base de cola. As resinas compostas polidas apresentaram valores menores de alteração de cor, independentemente, do tempo de polimento. Com o repolimento, a água destilada e o refrigerante à base de cola tiveram seus valores considerados clinicamente aceitáveis ΔE<3,3. Já o café e o vinho tinto tiveram seus valores de manchamento reduzidos, porém perceptíveis ao olho humano. (AU)


The present study examined composite resins in different beverages (coffee, red wine, cola-based soda and distilled water) in the different times of polishing and after the re-polishing. The composite resins used were: resin Filtek Z350 XT and resin Brilliant NG; the tested beverages were: coffee, red wine, soft-drink and distilled water corresponding to the control group. 160 specimens were made, 80 of each composite. Twenty specimens were given immediate polishing, twenty were polished after 24 hours, twenty were polished after 7 days and the other twenty had no polishing. Color analysis was made using the spectrophotometer device that uses CIELab system. ΔE was evaluated after 30 days immersion period (ΔE = 30-days - baseline). The data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=5%). Then, specimens were re-polished with Sof- Lex Pop On and subsequently analyzed if there was approach equivalent to the initial color. All the tested beverages had ability to staining, and coffee and red wine groups showed higher values of color change, followed by soft-drink. The composite resins polished showed lower values of color change, regardless of the polishing time. After re-polishing, distilled water and soft-drink had their values considered clinically acceptable ΔE<3.3; coffee and red wine had their staining values reduced, but perceptible to the human eye. (AU)

11.
Arq. odontol ; 52(2): 88-93, abr.-jun. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-827358

RESUMO

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as condições de saúde bucal através de parâmetros salivares e microbiológicos associados á cárie dental em pacientes com PC submetidas ou não à gastrostomia na cidade de Uberaba. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal, realizado com uma amostra selecionada por conveniência com 48 pacientes com idades entre 2 anos e 16 anos, pertencentes aos Ambulatórios de Cirurgia Pediátrica e da Neurologia do Hospital de Clínicas da UFTM e do Hospital da Criança da cidade de Uberaba, divididos em 3 grupos sendo, 16 pacientes sem deficiência (Grupo SD), 15 pacientes com Paralisia Cerebral (Grupo PC) e 17 pacientes com PC submetidas à gastrostomia e fundoplicatura de Nissen (Grupo PCG). Avaliou-se o índice de cárie (IC), o índice de placa (IP), contagem salivar do número de colônias de Streptococcus mutans (CB) e a capacidade de tamponamento salivar (CTS). Os dados obtidos de IP, CB e CTS foram submetidos à análise estatística One Way Anova (p<0,05), e os dados de IP ao Teste de Tukey (p<0,05). A avaliação do IC se deu através de análise estatística descritiva da porcentagem simples das faces cariadas em relação ao número total de faces. Resultados: Observou-se diferença estatística apenas entre os grupos para o IP, sendo que o grupo PCG apresentou os maiores valores de índices de placa quando comparados aos demais. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que a PC, associada ou não à gastrostomia, não é facilitador ou atenuante da doença cárie, nem atua como fator determinante da saúde bucal.(AU)


Aim: This study sought to evaluate oral health conditions through oral clinical examinations and salivary and microbiological analyses associated with dental caries in patients with Cerebral Palsy (CP) submitted or not to gastrostomy in the city of Uberaba, MG, Brazil. Methods: This is an observational cross sectional study, conducted in a conventional sample of 48 patients, 2 to 16 years of age, at the UFTM Clinical Hospital and the Children's Hospital of Uberaba, divided into 3 groups, as follows: 16 patients without disabilities (Group WD), 15 patients with CP (Group CP), and 17 patients with CP submitted to gastrostomy and Nissen fundoplication (Group WCP). This study evaluated the caries index (CI), plaque index (PI), salivary counts of the Streptococcus mutans bacterium (CB), and salivary buffering capacity (SBC). Data from PI, CB, and SBC were statistically analyzed by the One-Way ANOVA analysis (p<0.05), and PI data were submitted to the Tukey test (p<0.05). Results: A statistically significant difference was only observed among the groups as regards the PI analysis, given that the WCP group presented the highest values. Conclusion: It was concluded that the CP, with or without gastrostomy is not a facilitator or attenuating circumstance of caries, nor is it a determining factor of good or poor oral health.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Paralisia Cerebral , Diagnóstico Bucal , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Fundoplicatura , Gastrostomia , Estudo Observacional
12.
Gen Dent ; 64(2): 56-9, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26943090

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the compressive strength of a silorane-based composite resin (Filtek P90) to that of conventional composite resins (Charisma, Filtek Z250, Fill Magic, and NT Premium) before and after accelerated artificial aging (AAA). For each composite resin, 16 cylindrical specimens were prepared and divided into 2 groups. One group underwent analysis of compressive strength in a universal testing machine 24 hours after preparation, and the other was subjected first to 192 hours of AAA and then the compressive strength test. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance, followed by the Tukey HSD post hoc test (α = 0.05). Some statistically significant differences in compressive strength were found among the commercial brands (P < 0.001). The conventional composite resin Fill Magic presented the best performance before (P < 0.05) and after AAA (P < 0.05). Values for compressive strength of the silorane-based composite were among the lowest obtained, both before and after aging. Comparison of each material before and after AAA revealed that the aging process did not influence the compressive strength of the tested resins (P = 0.785).


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Metacrilatos/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Força Compressiva , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 18(1): 168-73, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25801693

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The macrogeometry of dental implants strongly influences the primary stability and hence the osseointegration process. PURPOSE: Compare the performance of conventional and modified implant models in terms of primary stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 implants (Neodent®) with two different formats (n = 18): Alvim CM (Conical CM, Ø 4.3 mm × 10 mm in length) and Titamax Ti (Cylindrical HE, Ø 4.0 mm × 11 mm in length) were inserted into artificial bone blocks. Nine implants from each set were selected to undergo external geometry changes. The primary stability was quantified by insertion torque and resonance frequency using an Osstell device and the pullout test. One-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test were used for statistical evaluation. RESULTS: The comparative analysis of the implants showed a significant increase of the insertion torque for the modified Conical CM implants (p = 0.000) and Cylindrical HE (p = 0.043); for the resonance frequency the modified Cylindrical HE showed a lower statistical mean (p = 0.002) when compared to the conventional model, and in the pullout test both modified implants showed significant reduction (p = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, the proposed modification showed good stability levels and advantages when compared to the conventional implants.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Retenção em Prótese Dentária , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Técnicas In Vitro , Osseointegração , Propriedades de Superfície , Torque
14.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 33(5): 266-73, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25954828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess any long-term chemical and morphological Nd:YAG laser modifications on irradiated primary enamel. BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies on irradiated primary human enamel employed methodologies that evaluated the short-term effects only. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-six irradiated (with and/or without fluoride) primary enamel teeth from high-caries-risk children, which were exfoliated over a 1-year period, were collected, and the sample surface area was submitted for scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and X-ray energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The subsurface was analyzed by Knoop microhardness and light microscopy (LM). Data were analyzed by one way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05) and Kruskall-Wallis and Tukey tests (α=0.05). RESULTS: FTIR analysis revealed a higher concentration of phosphate and carbonate in the irradiated (0.987±0.064) and lower concentration in the control groups (1.477±0.310). SEM analysis showed that the control samples exhibited a slightly smoother surface than the irradiated groups. The EDS analysis did not show any differences in the amount of calcium, phosphorus, or fluoride among the groups. The microhardness analysis revealed that sealant (249.86±7.15) and laser irradiation (262.44±22.69) led to higher hardness values than the negative control group (128.35±25.19). LM indicated significantly reduced caries formation in the laser (5.35±5.38%) and the laser plus acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) groups (10.35±0.88%) compared with the negative control group (72.56±12.86%). CONCLUSIONS: Even with the limitations of the present study, these results suggest that Nd:YAG irradiation clinically modified the chemical composition of the enamel surface regardless of fluoride concentration, which successfully inhibited demineralization of primary tooth enamel over a 1-year period without significant morphological changes.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Fluoreto de Fosfato Acidulado/uso terapêutico , Criança , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Decíduo/patologia , Dente Decíduo/efeitos da radiação
15.
Clin Oral Investig ; 19(8): 1861-6, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25677241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of the shape of various implants and the density of substrate on primary stability using a combination of methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four Neodent® brand cylindrical and conical implants with different prosthetic platforms were used. Implants were inserted into a pork rib bone and polyurethane blocks. Primary stability was assessed by insertion torque (IT), resonance frequency analysis (RFA), and pullout strength. Screws were also analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) before insertion and after removal to justify their use for inserting in different substrates. RESULTS: The conical cone morse implant had the highest average for all of the assays performed and was significantly different (p < 0.05) from the cylindrical implants for IT in the bone, pullout strength in the 40 per cubic foot (PCF) polyurethane, and the bone. The internal hex cylindrical implant had the lowest averages, which were significantly different (p < 0.05) from the conical implants for IT and RFA in the bone, pullout strength in the 40 PCF polyurethane, and the bone. The IT, RFA, and pullout strength assays were moderately correlated, and the photomicrographs did not reveal changes in the implants. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of different implants showed a better primary stability of tapered implants; the density of the substrate influences the primary stability and the 15 PCF polyurethane was not adequate to evaluate primary stability; correlation was obtained between the different methodologies of analysis of primary stability. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The study shows the influence of different implant macro-geometries and densities of substrates on primary stability.


Assuntos
Implantação Dentária , Implantes Dentários , Animais , Implantação Dentária/instrumentação , Implantação Dentária/métodos , Humanos , Suínos
16.
Lasers Med Sci ; 30(2): 761-8, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23955196

RESUMO

Dental caries is still the most prevalent chronic disease affecting human populations. Among the preventive treatments performed, it has been reported that laser irradiation combined with topical fluoride can induce an even greater increase in enamel caries resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Nd:YAG laser, with or without fluoride, in occlusal caries prevention of the primary dentition. A double-blind split-mouth study design was used. Fifty-two children with high caries risk (7.6 ± 1.4 years) were selected and received the following: G1--the first molar was a negative control, and the second received a resin sealant; G2--the first molar was a negative control, and the second received laser irradiation (50 mJ, 10 Hz, 0.5 W); G3--the first molar received only acidulate phosphate fluoride (APF), and the second received APF + laser; G4--fisrt molar received only fluoride varnish, and the second received fluoride varnish + laser. Patients were followed up to 12 months to evaluate the presence of white-spot lesions and/or caries cavities by three calibrated observers. Thirty-five patients completed the study. Significant differences were found between the treatment and control groups (p < 0.05). The laser-alone and resin sealant resulted in statistically lower caries formation than the negative control group (p < 0.05). Nd:YAG laser irradiation in primary teeth effectively prevented occlusal caries in pits and fissures when used alone with lower energy over a 1-year period.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia , Oclusão Dentária , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Dente Decíduo/efeitos da radiação , Criança , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Dente Decíduo/patologia
17.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 22(5): 459-64, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25466479

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: The use of erbium lasers to prevent caries in enamel has shown positive results. However, it is not known if Er,Cr:YSGG laser can also be used to increase acid resistance of root dentine, which is another dental tissue susceptible to the action of cariogenic bacteria. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser (λ=2.78 µm, 20 Hz) irradiation associated with 2% neutral sodium fluoride (NaF) to prevent root dentin demineralization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred human root dentin samples were divided into 10 groups (G) and treated as follows: G1: no treatment; G2: NaF; G3: laser (4.64 J/cm2) with water cooling (WC=5.4 mL/min); G4: laser (4.64 J/cm2) without WC; G5: laser (8.92 J/cm2) with WC; G6: laser (8.92 J/cm2) without WC; G7: laser (4.64 J/cm2) with WC and NaF; G8: laser (4.64 J/cm2) without WC and NaF; G9: laser (8.92 J/cm2) with WC and NaF; G10: laser (8.92 J/cm2) without WC and NaF. The NaF gel was applied alone or after 4 min of irradiation. After 14 days of acid challenge, the samples were sectioned and the Knoop microhardness (KHN) test was done at different depths (30, 60, 90 and 120 µm) from the outer dentin surface. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Fisher's test (α=5%). RESULTS: The results showed that G8 and G10 presented higher KHN than the G1 for the depths of 30 and 60 µm, indicating an increase of the acid resistance of the dentin in up to 35% (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation at 4.64 J/ cm2 and 8.92 J/cm2 without water cooling and associated with 2% NaF can increase the acid resistance of human root dentin.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Fluoreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/efeitos da radiação , Análise de Variância , Temperatura Baixa , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos da radiação , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química
18.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 62(4): 357-364, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-741685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the primary stability of dental implants with and without surface treatment, by means of resonance frequency, using different materials as substitutes for human bone substrates for insertion. METHODS: Sixteen external hexagon, cylindrical Conexão(r) titanium implants were used, 11.5 mm long by 3.75 mm wide, as follows: 8 Master Porous (MP), with surface treatment and 8 Master Screw (MS) machined. The implant placement was performed on the following substrates: pork rib bone, wood, artificial bone polyurethane National(r) (40, 20, 15 PCF) and Synbone(r). Primary stability was assessed via resonance frequency using an Osstell Mentor(tm) device. Data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA and Tukey's test, with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: It was found that although MP and MS have a higher value on all substrates, these were not statistically different between groups (p>0.05), except for polyurethane National(r) 20 PCF. When inserted into the wood substrate and polyurethane National(r) 40 PCF, MP and MS had higher values​​. MP, when inserted into the pig bone, was also statistically equal to these interactions. CONCLUSION: Despite the continuous development of innovations in the characteristics of implant surfaces to assist with the performance of osseointegrated implants, and the fact that our study has found that the surface treatment had no impact on the primary stability checked using ressonance frequency, there is still very little scientific understanding of these effects. .


OBJETIVO: Analisar a estabilidade primária de implantes odontológicos com tratamento e sem tratamento de superfície, por meio da frequência de ressonância, utilizando diferentes materiais como substratos substitutos do osso humano para sua inserção. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 16 implantes de titânio Conexão(r), cilíndricos, hexágono externo, com 11,5 mm de comprimento e 3,75 mm de largura, sendo: 8 Master Porous, com tratamento de superfície; e 8 Master Screw, usinados. A instalação de implantes foi realizada nos seguintes substratos: osso de costela suína, madeira, osso artificial de poliuretana da marca Nacional(r) (40, 20 e 15 PCF) e da marca Synbone(r). Foi avaliada a estabilidade primária através da frequência de ressonância utilizando o aparelho Osstell(tm) Mentor. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos a tratamento estatístico ANOVA e Teste de Tukey, com nível de significância a 5%. RESULTADOS: Foi constatado que, apesar de Master Porous apresentar maior valor que Master Screw em todos os substratos, estes não apresentaram diferença estatística entre si (p>0,05), com exceção da poliuretana Nacional(r) de 20 PCF. Quando inseridos no substrato madeira e na poliuretana Nacional(r) 40 PCF, Master Porous e Master Screw tiveram maiores valores. Master Porous, quando inserido no osso suíno também foram iguais estatisticamente a estas interações. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar de inovações nas características das superfícies de implantes serem desenvolvidas constantemente para contribuir no desempenho de implantes osseointegrados, e nosso estudo encontrar que não houve influência do tratamento de superfície na estabilidade primária aferida por frequência de ressonância; ainda há pouco conhecimento científico sobre esses efeitos. .

19.
Oral Health Dent Manag ; 13(3): 600-4, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25284519

RESUMO

AIM: This study evaluated the influence of surface sealant (Fortify-Bisco) on the color-stability of a composite resin (Charisma-3M) immersed in different beverages. METHODS: It was prepared resin specimens with 10 mm-diameter X 2 mm-thickness for each beverage (soft drink, coffee, tea and artificial saliva=control). Specimens were divided in 2 groups (with or without surface sealant) and afterwards divided in 4 subgroups (n=7) according to the immersion solution. After 24 hours, it was started the cycling in the solutions 3 times/day during 5 minutes for 90 days. Opacity (ΔL) and color change (ΔE) of specimens were analyzed with a spectrophotometer (BYK-Gardner) in the different groups in relation to the control group. This handheld portable equipment is unique. RESULTS: Composite resin showed statistically significant difference (p<0.05) in the solutions, and coffee promoted the higher color change, followed by tea and soft drink. There was no difference between specimens sealed or not. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, surface sealant was inefficient on the protection against color change and coffee promoted the higher darkening of the specimens.

20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(5): 459-464, Sep-Oct/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-729850

RESUMO

The use of erbium lasers to prevent caries in enamel has shown positive results. However, it is not known if Er,Cr:YSGG laser can also be used to increase acid resistance of root dentine, which is another dental tissue susceptible to the action of cariogenic bacteria. Objective: To analyze the effects of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser (λ=2.78 μm, 20 Hz) irradiation associated with 2% neutral sodium fluoride (NaF) to prevent root dentin demineralization. Material and Methods: One hundred human root dentin samples were divided into 10 groups (G) and treated as follows: G1: no treatment; G2: NaF; G3: laser (4.64 J/cm2) with water cooling (WC=5.4 mL/min); G4: laser (4.64 J/cm2) without WC; G5: laser (8.92 J/cm2) with WC; G6: laser (8.92 J/cm2) without WC; G7: laser (4.64 J/cm2) with WC and NaF; G8: laser (4.64 J/cm2) without WC and NaF; G9: laser (8.92 J/cm2) with WC and NaF; G10: laser (8.92 J/cm2) without WC and NaF. The NaF gel was applied alone or after 4 min of irradiation. After 14 days of acid challenge, the samples were sectioned and the Knoop microhardness (KHN) test was done at different depths (30, 60, 90 and 120 μm) from the outer dentin surface. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Fisher’s test (α=5%). Results: The results showed that G8 and G10 presented higher KHN than the G1 for the depths of 30 and 60 μm, indicating an increase of the acid resistance of the dentin in up to 35% (p<0.05). Conclusions: The use of Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation at 4.64 J/ cm2 and 8.92 J/cm2 without water cooling and associated with 2% NaF can increase the acid resistance of human root dentin. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Fluoreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/efeitos da radiação , Análise de Variância , Temperatura Baixa , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos da radiação , Testes de Dureza , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química
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