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Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 271(8): 1503-1511, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594521


Prospective memory (PM) refers to the ability to remember to carry out a delayed intention in the future. Evidence suggests that emotionally salient cues can enhance PM functions in healthy population, but whether the benefit exists in schizophrenia and bipolar patients remains unclear. This study aimed to examine and compare the potential enhancement effect of emotional PM cues in schizophrenia patients and bipolar patients. Twenty-eight clinically stable schizophrenia participants, 26 euthymic bipolar participants and 29 controls completed a computerized PM task involving PM cues with different types of valences (i.e., positive, neutral and negative). All the three groups showed better PM performance when negative PM cues were presented compared with positive and neutral PM cues. The sizes of the enhancement effects of negative PM cues were large (all Cohen's d ≥ 1.00) and comparable across three groups. Our findings suggested that patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorders could benefit from negative PM cues to an extent similar to healthy individuals, thus extended the notion of psychosis continuum to the important area of emotion-cognition interaction.

Transtorno Bipolar , Memória Episódica , Esquizofrenia , Transtorno Bipolar/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Sinais (Psicologia) , Emoções/fisiologia , Humanos , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia