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Clin Genet ; 95(3): 384-397, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614526


Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is an emblematic ciliopathy associated with retinal dystrophy, obesity, postaxial polydactyly, learning disabilities, hypogonadism and renal dysfunction. Before birth, enlarged/cystic kidneys as well as polydactyly are the hallmark signs of BBS to consider in absence of familial history. However, these findings are not specific to BBS, raising the problem of differential diagnoses and prognosis. Molecular diagnosis during pregnancies remains a timely challenge for this heterogeneous disease (22 known genes). We report here the largest cohort of BBS fetuses to better characterize the antenatal presentation. Prenatal ultrasound (US) and/or autopsy data from 74 fetuses with putative BBS diagnosis were collected out of which molecular diagnosis was established in 51 cases, mainly in BBS genes (45 cases) following the classical gene distribution, but also in other ciliopathy genes (6 cases). Based on this, an updated diagnostic decision tree is proposed. No genotype/phenotype correlation could be established but postaxial polydactyly (82%) and renal cysts (78%) were the most prevalent symptoms. However, autopsy revealed polydactyly that was missed by prenatal US in 55% of the cases. Polydactyly must be carefully looked for in pregnancies with apparently isolated renal anomalies in fetuses.

Hum Mutat ; 39(7): 983-992, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29688594


Ciliopathies represent a wide spectrum of rare diseases with overlapping phenotypes and a high genetic heterogeneity. Among those, IFT140 is implicated in a variety of phenotypes ranging from isolated retinis pigmentosa to more syndromic cases. Using whole-genome sequencing in patients with uncharacterized ciliopathies, we identified a novel recurrent tandem duplication of exon 27-30 (6.7 kb) in IFT140, c.3454-488_4182+2588dup p.(Tyr1152_Thr1394dup), missed by whole-exome sequencing. Pathogenicity of the mutation was assessed on the patients' skin fibroblasts. Several hundreds of patients with a ciliopathy phenotype were screened and biallelic mutations were identified in 11 families representing 12 pathogenic variants of which seven are novel. Among those unrelated families especially with a Mainzer-Saldino syndrome, eight carried the same tandem duplication (two at the homozygous state and six at the heterozygous state). In conclusion, we demonstrated the implication of structural variations in IFT140-related diseases expanding its mutation spectrum. We also provide evidences for a unique genomic event mediated by an Alu-Alu recombination occurring on a shared haplotype. We confirm that whole-genome sequencing can be instrumental in the ability to detect structural variants for genomic disorders.