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1.
EBioMedicine ; 81: 104121, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35772217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemonitoring of circadian and sleep cycles could identify shift workers at increased risk of poor health, including cancer and cardiovascular diseases, thus supporting personalized prevention. METHODS: The Circadiem cross-sectional study aimed at determining early warning signals of risk of health alteration in hospital nightshifters (NS) versus dayshifters (DS, alternating morning and afternoon shifts). Circadian rhythmicity in activity, sleep, and temperature was telemonitored on work and free days for one week. Participants wore a bluetooth low energy thoracic accelerometry and temperature sensor that was wirelessly connected to a GPRS gateway and a health data hub server. Hidden Markov modelling of activity quantified Rhythm Index, rest quality (probability, p1-1, of remaining at rest), and rest duration. Spectral analyses determined periods in body surface temperature and accelerometry. Parameters were compared and predictors of circadian and sleep disruption were identified by multivariate analyses using information criteria-based model selection. Clusters of individual shift work response profiles were recognized. FINDINGS: Of 140 per-protocol participants (133 females), there were 63 NS and 77 DS. Both groups had similar median rest amount, yet NS had significantly worse median rest-activity Rhythm Index (0·38 [IQR, 0·29-0·47] vs. 0·69 [0·60-0·77], p<0·0001) and rest quality p1-1 (0·94 [0·94-0·95] vs 0·96 [0·94-0·97], p<0·0001) over the whole study week. Only 48% of the NS displayed a circadian period in temperature, as compared to 70% of the DS (p=0·026). Poor p1-1 was associated with nightshift work on both work (p<0·0001) and free days (p=0·0098). The number of years of past night work exposure predicted poor rest-activity Rhythm Index jointly with shift type, age and chronotype on workdays (p= 0·0074), and singly on free days (p=0·0005). INTERPRETATION: A dedicated analysis toolbox of streamed data from a wearable device identified circadian and sleep rhythm markers, that constitute surrogate candidate endpoints of poor health risk in shift-workers. FUNDING: French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (EST-2014/1/064), University of Warwick, Medical Research Council (United Kingdom, MR/M013170), Cancer Research UK(C53561/A19933).


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Sono , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Sono/fisiologia , Telemedicina , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado/fisiologia
3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(4)2022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35205644

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Prior experimental and human studies have demonstrated the circadian organization of immune cells' proliferation, trafficking, and antigen recognition and destruction. Nivolumab targets T(CD8) cells, the functions, and trafficking of which are regulated by circadian clocks, hence suggesting possible daily changes in nivolumab's efficacy. Worse progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were reported for malignant melanoma patients receiving more than 20% of their immune checkpoint inhibitor infusions after 16:30 as compared to earlier in the day. METHODS: Consecutive metastatic non-small-cell cancer (NSCLC) patients received nivolumab (240 mg iv q 2 weeks) at a daily time that was 'randomly' allocated for each course on a logistical basis by the day-hospital coordinators. The median time of all nivolumab administrations was computed for each patient. The study population was split into two timing groups based upon the median value of the median treatment times of all patients. CTCAE-toxicity rates, iRECIST-tumor responses, PFS and OS were computed according to nivolumab timing. PFS and OS curves were compared and hazard ratios (HR) were computed for all major categories of characteristics. Multivariable and sensitivity analyses were also performed. RESULTS: The study accrued 95 stage-IV NSCLC patients (PS 0-1, 96%), aged 41-83 years. The majority of nivolumab administrations occurred between 9:27 and 12:54 for 48 patients ('morning' group) and between 12:55 and 17:14 for the other 47 ('afternoon' group). Median PFS (95% CL) was 11.3 months (5.5-17.1) for the 'morning' group and 3.1 months (1.5-4.6) for the 'afternoon' one (p < 0.001). Median OS was 34.2 months (15.1-53.3) and 9.6 months (4.9-14.4) for the 'morning' group and the 'afternoon' one, respectively (p < 0.001). Multivariable analyses identified 'morning' timing as a significant predictor of longer PFS and OS, with respective HR values of 0.26 (0.11-0.58) and 0.17 (0.08-0.37). The timing effect was consistent across all patient subgroups tested. CONCLUSIONS: Nivolumab was nearly four times as effective following 'morning' as compared to 'afternoon' dosing in this cohort of NSCLC patients. Prospective timing-studies are needed to minimize the risk of resistance and to maximize the benefits from immune checkpoint inhibitors.

4.
Elife ; 112022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35179486

RESUMO

Growing evidence shows that sex differences impact many facets of human biology. Here we review and discuss the impact of sex on human circadian and sleep physiology, and we uncover a data gap in the field investigating the non-visual effects of light in humans. A virtual workshop on the biomedical implications of sex differences in sleep and circadian physiology led to the following imperatives for future research: i) design research to be inclusive and accessible; ii) implement recruitment strategies that lead to a sex-balanced sample; iii) use data visualization to grasp the effect of sex; iv) implement statistical analyses that include sex as a factor and/or perform group analyses by sex, where possible; v) make participant-level data open and available to facilitate future meta-analytic efforts.


Assuntos
Caracteres Sexuais , Sexismo , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sono/fisiologia
6.
7.
Bioinformatics ; 37(Suppl_1): i401-i409, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252929

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Personalized medicine aims at providing patient-tailored therapeutics based on multi-type data toward improved treatment outcomes. Chronotherapy that consists in adapting drug administration to the patient's circadian rhythms may be improved by such approach. Recent clinical studies demonstrated large variability in patients' circadian coordination and optimal drug timing. Consequently, new eHealth platforms allow the monitoring of circadian biomarkers in individual patients through wearable technologies (rest-activity, body temperature), blood or salivary samples (melatonin, cortisol) and daily questionnaires (food intake, symptoms). A current clinical challenge involves designing a methodology predicting from circadian biomarkers the patient peripheral circadian clocks and associated optimal drug timing. The mammalian circadian timing system being largely conserved between mouse and humans yet with phase opposition, the study was developed using available mouse datasets. RESULTS: We investigated at the molecular scale the influence of systemic regulators (e.g. temperature, hormones) on peripheral clocks, through a model learning approach involving systems biology models based on ordinary differential equations. Using as prior knowledge our existing circadian clock model, we derived an approximation for the action of systemic regulators on the expression of three core-clock genes: Bmal1, Per2 and Rev-Erbα. These time profiles were then fitted with a population of models, based on linear regression. Best models involved a modulation of either Bmal1 or Per2 transcription most likely by temperature or nutrient exposure cycles. This agreed with biological knowledge on temperature-dependent control of Per2 transcription. The strengths of systemic regulations were found to be significantly different according to mouse sex and genetic background. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: https://gitlab.inria.fr/julmarti/model-learning-mb21eccb. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Assuntos
Relógios Circadianos , Animais , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Ritmo Circadiano , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos
8.
Front Physiol ; 12: 659973, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34040543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circadian rhythms in body temperature coordinate peripheral molecular clocks, hence they could potentially predict optimal treatment timing (chronotherapy) in individual patients. Circadian parameters in chest surface body temperature (Chesttemp) were recorded remotely and in real time through the use of wearable sensors. METHODS: The dynamics of circadian oscillations in Chesttemp and core body temperature (Coretemp) and their moderation by sex and age were analysed in 38 men and 50 women, aged 21-78 years. In two studies (ST1 and ST2), Chesttemp was measured every minute and teletransmitted using a BLE-connected sensor for 3.6-28.3 days. Additionally, in ST2, Coretemp was recorded per minute in 33 age- and sex-stratified subjects using electronic ingestible pills with radio-frequency transmissions. Circadian parameters were computed using spectral analysis and cosinor modelling. The temporal relations between Chesttemp and Coretemp cosinor parameters were summarised with principal component (PC) analysis. The effect of sex and age was analysed through multivariate regression. RESULTS: Using spectral analysis, a dominant period of 24- or 12-h was identified in 93.2% of the Chesttemp and in 100% of the Coretemp time series. The circadian parameters varied largely between-subjects both for Chesttemp (ranges: mesors, 33.2-36.6°C; amplitudes, 0.2-2.5°C; acrophases, 14:05-7:40), and Coretemp (mesors, 36.6-37.5°C; amplitudes, 0.2-0.7°C; bathyphases, 23:50-6:50). Higher PC loadings mainly corresponded to (i) large Chesttemp amplitudes, and phase advance of both temperature rhythms for the first PC (PC1, 27.2% of variance var.), (ii) high mesors in both temperature rhythms for PC2 (22.4% var.), and (iii) large Coretemp amplitudes for PC3 (12.9% var.). Chesttemp and Coretemp mesors and PC2 loadings decreased in females, while remaining quite stable in males as a function of age. In contrast, Coretemp amplitude and PC3 loadings increased with age in females, but decreased in males. Finally, older subjects, both female and male, displayed a reduction in ultradian variabilities, and an increase in both Chesttemp circadian amplitude and PC1 loadings. INTERPRETATION: The dynamics relations between Chesttemp and Coretemp rhythms were largely moderated by age and sex, with results suggesting that treatment timing could be most critical for therapeutic index in women and in order people.

9.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(11): 6167-6170, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The evaluation of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in cancer has proven relevant positive clinical impact on patients' communication with healthcare professionals, decision-making for management, well-being, and overall survival. However, the optimal frequency of PRO assessment has yet to be defined. Based on the assumption that more frequent sampling would enhance accuracy, we aimed at identifying the optimal sampling frequency that does not miss clinically relevant insight. METHODS: We used pilot data from 31 advanced cancer patients who completed once daily the 19-item MD Anderson Symptom Inventory at home. The resulting dataset allowed us to compare different PRO assessment frequencies to daily sampling, i.e., alternate days (q2d), every third day (q3d), or once a week (q1w). We evaluated the sampling frequencies for two main outcomes: average symptom intensity and identification of severe symptoms. RESULTS: The majority of the differences between corresponding averages of daily data and those for q2d, q3d, and q1w datasets were close to 0, yet the extremes exceeded 5. Clinically meaningful differences, i.e., > 1, were observed in 0.76% of patient items for q2d, in 2.72% for q3d, and in 11.93% for q1w. Moreover, median values of missed instances of a severe symptom (i.e., > 6) were 14.6% for q2d, 27.8% for q3d, and 55.6% for q1w. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis suggests that in patients receiving chemotherapy for advanced cancer, increasing the density of PRO collection enhances the accuracy of PRO assessment to a clinically meaningful extent. This is valid for both computations of averages symptom burden and for the recognition of episodes of severe symptom intensity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Telemedicina , Humanos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente
10.
Metallomics ; 13(2)2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33595653

RESUMO

The organo-osmium complex [OsII(ɳ6-p-cym)(PhAzPy-NMe2)I]+ (FY26) exhibits promising in vitro antitumour activity against mouse hepatocarcinoma Hepa1-6 and other mouse or human cancer cell lines. Here, we drastically enhance water solubility of FY26 through the replacement of the PF6- counter-anion with chloride using a novel synthesis method. FY26⋅PF6 and FY26⋅Cl displayed similar in vitro cytotoxicity in two cancer cell models. We then show the moderate and late anticancer efficacy of FY26⋅PF6 and FY26⋅Cl in a subcutaneous murine hepatocarcinoma mouse model. Both efficacy and tolerability varied according to FY26 circadian dosing time in hepatocarcinoma tumour-bearing mice. Tumour and liver uptake of the drug were determined over 48 h following FY26⋅Cl administration at Zeitgeber time 6 (ZT6), when the drug is least toxic (in the middle of the light span when mice are resting). Our studies suggest the need to administer protracted low doses of FY26 at ZT6 in order to optimize its delivery schedule, for example through the use of chrono-releasing nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Complexos de Coordenação/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Complexos de Coordenação/administração & dosagem , Complexos de Coordenação/efeitos adversos , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacocinética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Nus , Distribuição Tecidual
12.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270911

RESUMO

The triplet combination of irinotecan, oxaliplatin and fluorouracil is an active frontline regimen in metastatic colorectal cancer, but scarce data exist on its use as salvage treatment. We aimed at assessing its safety and efficacy profiles with its circadian-based administration (chronoIFLO5) as either first- or second-line treatment, within the time-finding EORTC 05011 trial. Five-day chronoIFLO5 was administered every 3 weeks in patients with PS 0, 1 or 2. It consisted of chronomodulated irinotecan (180 mg/sqm), oxaliplatin (80 mg/sqm) and fluorouracil-leucovorin (2800 and 1200 mg/sqm, respectively). For our study, toxicity and antitumour activity were evaluated separately in first- and second-line settings. Primary endpoints included Grade 3-4 toxicity rates, best objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). One-hundred forty-nine and 44 patients were treated in first-line and second-line settings, respectively, with a total of 1138 cycles with median relative dose intensities of about 90%. Demographics were comparable in the two groups. Thirty-six (24.7%) and 10 (22.2%) patients experienced at least one episode of severe toxicity in first line and second line, respectively. Frontline chronoIFLO5 yielded an ORR of 62.3% [95% CI: 54.2-70.4] and resulted in median PFS and OS of 8.7 months [7.5-9.9] and 19.9 months [15.4-24.5]. Corresponding figures in second line were 37.5% [22.5-52.5], 6.7 months [4.8-8.9] and 16.3 months [11.8-20.8]. International and prospective evaluation revealed the favourable safety and efficacy profiles of chronoIFLO5, both as frontline and as salvage treatment against metastatic colorectal cancer. In particular, encouraging activity in second line was observed, with limited haematological toxicity.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015528

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Combining cetuximab with chemotherapy provides clinical benefit to 60% of the patients with RAS wild-type (RAS-wt) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). This pilot study investigated the efficacy of cetuximab-based chemotherapy in a sample of patients (40%) with RAS mutation (RAS-mt) in their primary tumor whose circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) was RAS-wt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The occurrence of Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS), neuroblastoma rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (NRAS), V-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF), and PI3KCA mutations was determined in ctDNA by using a new ultrasensitive analysis based on mass spectrometry detection. All consenting patients with confirmed RAS-mt mCRC had disease progression on previous chemotherapy that contained no anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). The patients with RAS-wt ctDNA received cetuximab + fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI), whereas those with RAS-mt ctDNA were treated with the oncologist's choice of therapy. RESULTS: Of 16 registered patients, 11 were male and five female. They were age 48 to 81 years, and they had unresectable metastatic adenocarcinoma from the colon (n = 11) or rectum (n = 5), with a median of two metastatic sites. They had received a median number of three previous chemotherapy protocols. Plasma genotyping identified RAS-mt in seven patients (44%) and RAS-wt in nine patients (56%). In the patients with wt ctDNA, objective tumor response rate was 50.0%, including one complete response and four partial responses after a median number of 6 courses of cetuximab + FOLFIRI (range, 1 to 16 courses). Two of the nine patients had stable disease, and two had progressive disease. No grade 3 to 4 toxicities were encountered. One-year survival rates were 60.0% for the patients with RAS-wt ctDNA and 17.9% for those with RAS-mt ctDNA. Median overall survival times were not reached and 4.7 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients with RAS-mt mCRC whose plasma biopsies contained RAS-wt could benefit from cetuximab-based therapy, a hypothesis to be tested in a prospective randomized trial.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(7)2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32708950

RESUMO

The dichotomy index (I < O), a quantitative estimate of the circadian regulation of daytime activity and sleep, predicted overall cancer survival and emergency hospitalization, supporting its integration in a mHealth platform. Modifiable causes of I < O deterioration below 97.5%-(I < O)low-were sought in 25 gastrointestinal cancer patients and 33 age- and sex-stratified controls. Rest-activity and temperature were tele-monitored with a wireless chest sensor, while daily activities, meals, and sleep were self-reported for one week. Salivary cortisol rhythm and dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) were determined. Circadian parameters were estimated using Hidden Markov modelling, and spectral analysis. Actionable predictors of (I < O)low were identified through correlation and regression analyses. Median compliance with protocol exceeded 95%. Circadian disruption-(I < O)low-was identified in 13 (52%) patients and four (12%) controls (p = 0.002). Cancer patients with (I < O)low had lower median activity counts, worse fragmented sleep, and an abnormal or no circadian temperature rhythm compared to patients with I < O exceeding 97.5%-(I < O)high-(p < 0.012). Six (I < O)low patients had newly-diagnosed sleep conditions. Altered circadian coordination of rest-activity and chest surface temperature, physical inactivity, and irregular sleep were identified as modifiable determinants of (I < O)low. Circadian rhythm and sleep tele-monitoring results support the design of specific interventions to improve outcomes within a patient-centered systems approach to health care.

16.
Cancer Med ; 9(12): 4148-4159, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319740

RESUMO

The least toxic time (LTT) of irinotecan varied by up to 8 hours according to sex and genetic background in mice. The translational relevance was investigated within a randomized trial dataset, where no LTT stood out significantly in the whole population. 130 male and 63 female eligible patients with metastatic colorectal cancer were randomized to receive chronomodulated Irinotecan with peak delivery rate at 1 of 6 clock hours staggered by 4 hours on day 1, then fixed-time chronomodulated Fluorouracil-Leucovorin-Oxaliplatin for 4 days, q3 weeks. The sex-specific circadian characteristics of grade (G) 3-4 toxicities were mapped with cosinor and time*sex interactions confirmed with Fisher's exact test. Baseline characteristics of male or female patients were similar in the six treatment groups. Main grade 3-4 toxicities over six courses were diarrhea (males vs females, 39.2%; vs 46.0%), neutropenia (15.6% vs 15.0%), fatigue (11.5% vs 15.9%), and anorexia (10.0% vs 7.8%). They were reduced following irinotecan peak delivery in the morning for males, but in the afternoon for females, with statistically significant rhythms (P < .05 from cosinor) and sex*timing interactions (Fisher's exact test, diarrhea, P = .023; neutropenia, P = .015; fatigue, P = .062; anorexia, P = .032). Irinotecan timing was most critical for females, with grades 3-4 ranging from 55.2% of the patients (morning) to 29.4% (afternoon) for diarrhea, and from 25.9% (morning) to 0% (afternoon) for neutropenia. The study results support irinotecan administration in the morning for males and in the afternoon for females, in order to minimize adverse events without impairing efficacy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/etiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Caracteres Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 16(1): e1007218, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986133

RESUMO

Precision medicine requires accurate technologies for drug administration and proper systems pharmacology approaches for patient data analysis. Here, plasma pharmacokinetics (PK) data of the OPTILIV trial in which cancer patients received oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil and irinotecan via chronomodulated schedules delivered by an infusion pump into the hepatic artery were mathematically investigated. A pump-to-patient model was designed in order to accurately represent the drug solution dynamics from the pump to the patient blood. It was connected to semi-mechanistic PK models to analyse inter-patient variability in PK parameters. Large time delays of up to 1h41 between the actual pump start and the time of drug detection in patient blood was predicted by the model and confirmed by PK data. Sudden delivery spike in the patient artery due to glucose rinse after drug administration accounted for up to 10.7% of the total drug dose. New model-guided delivery profiles were designed to precisely lead to the drug exposure intended by clinicians. Next, the complete mathematical framework achieved a very good fit to individual time-concentration PK profiles and concluded that inter-subject differences in PK parameters was the lowest for irinotecan, intermediate for oxaliplatin and the largest for 5-fluorouracil. Clustering patients according to their PK parameter values revealed patient subgroups for each drug in which inter-patient variability was largely decreased compared to that in the total population. This study provides a complete mathematical framework to optimize drug infusion pumps and inform on inter-patient PK variability, a step towards precise and personalized cancer chronotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Cronoterapia Farmacológica , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Bombas de Infusão/normas , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Cell Metab ; 30(2): 238-250, 2019 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390550

RESUMO

The importance of circadian biology has rarely been considered in pre-clinical studies, and even more when translating to the bedside. Circadian biology is becoming a critical factor for improving drug efficacy and diminishing drug toxicity. Indeed, there is emerging evidence showing that some drugs are more effective at nighttime than daytime, whereas for others it is the opposite. This suggests that the biology of the target cell will determine how an organ will respond to a drug at a specific time of the day, thus modulating pharmacodynamics. Thus, it is now time that circadian factors become an integral part of translational research.


Assuntos
Relógios Circadianos , Ritmo Circadiano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Humanos
19.
JCI Insight ; 4(18)2019 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430260

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDCircadian timing of treatments can largely improve tolerability and efficacy in patients. Thus, drug metabolism and cell cycle are controlled by molecular clocks in each cell and coordinated by the core body temperature 24-hour rhythm, which is generated by the hypothalamic pacemaker. Individual circadian phase is currently estimated with questionnaire-based chronotype, center-of-rest time, dim light melatonin onset (DLMO), or timing of core body temperature (CBT) maximum (acrophase) or minimum (bathyphase).METHODSWe aimed at circadian phase determination and readout during daily routines in volunteers stratified by sex and age. We measured (a) chronotype, (b) every minute (q1min) CBT using 2 electronic pills swallowed 24 hours apart, (c) DLMO through hourly salivary samples from 1800 hours to bedtime, and (d) q1min accelerations and surface temperature at anterior chest level for 7 days, using a teletransmitting sensor. Circadian phases were computed using cosinor and hidden Markov modeling. Multivariate regression identified the combination of biomarkers that best predicted core temperature circadian bathyphase.RESULTSAmong the 33 participants, individual circadian phases were spread over 5 hours, 10 minutes (DLMO); 7 hours (CBT bathyphase); and 9 hours, 10 minutes (surface temperature acrophase). CBT bathyphase was accurately predicted, i.e., with an error less than 1 hour for 78.8% of the subjects, using a new digital health algorithm (INTime), combining time-invariant sex and chronotype score with computed center-of-rest time and surface temperature bathyphase (adjusted R2 = 0.637).CONCLUSIONINTime provided a continuous and reliable circadian phase estimate in real time. This model helps integrate circadian clocks into precision medicine and will enable treatment timing personalization following further validation.FUNDINGMedical Research Council, United Kingdom; AP-HP Foundation; and INSERM.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal/fisiologia , Relógios Circadianos/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Cronoterapia Farmacológica , Modelos Biológicos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Cadeias de Markov , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Fotoperíodo , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Adulto Jovem
20.
Sleep ; 42(10)2019 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323086

RESUMO

Subjective sleep assessment in cancer patients poorly correlates with actigraphy parameters that usually encompass multiple nights. We aimed to determine the objective actigraphy measures that best correlated with subjective sleep ratings on a night-by-night basis in cancer patients. Thirty-one cancer patients daily self-rated sleep disturbances using the single dedicated item of the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (0-10 scale) with 18 other items, and continuously wore a wrist actigraph for 30 days. Objective sleep parameters were computed from the actigraphy nighttime series, and correlated with subjective sleep disturbances reported on the following day, using repeated measures correlations. Multilevel Poisson regression analysis was performed to identify the objective and subjective parameters that affected subjective sleep rating. Poor subjective sleep score was correlated with poor sleep efficiency (rrm = -0.13, p = 0.002) and large number of wake episodes (rrm = 0.12, p = 0.005) on the rated night. Multilevel analysis demonstrated that the expected sleep disturbance score was affected by the joint contribution of the wake episodes (exp(ß) = 1.01, 95% confidence interval = 1.00 to 1.02, p = 0.016), fatigue (exp(ß) = 1.35, 95% confidence interval = 1.15 to 1.55, p < 0.001) and drowsiness (exp(ß) = 1.70, 95% confidence interval = 1.19 to 2.62, p = 0.018), self-rated the following evening, and sleep disturbance experienced one night before (exp(ß) = 1.77, 95% confidence interval = 1.41 to 2.22, p < 0.001). The night-by-night approach within a multidimensional home tele-monitoring framework mainly identified the objective number of wake episodes computed from actigraphy records as the main determinant of the severity of sleep complaint in cancer patients on chemotherapy. This quantitative information remotely obtained in real time from cancer patients provides a novel framework for streamlining and evaluating interventions toward sleep improvement in cancer patients.


Assuntos
Actigrafia/métodos , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/fisiopatologia , Sono/fisiologia , Actigrafia/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/tendências , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Projetos Piloto , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Vigília/fisiologia , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis/tendências
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