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1.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown an association in non-metastatic colorectal cancer between patient survival and immunoprofiling (expression of CD3, CD4, CD8, CD45, and FOXP3 T cells at the invasive margin (IM) and the tumor center (TC)) regardless of stage. Patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis have a dismal prognosis, but survival can be significantly improved in selected patients who undergo cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC). However, current patient selection for CRS/HIPEC is suboptimal. The purpose of this study is to evaluate immune profiles of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis and their correlation with overall survival (OS). METHODS: The study cohort included patients from a prospectively maintained database of adults with colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis who underwent CRS/HIPEC. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) using antibodies to CD3, CD4, CD8, CD45RO, and FOXP3 T cells was performed. IHC image density was calculated using ImageJ software, and an immunoscore was determined. RESULTS: Eighty tumors were evaluated from 66 patients. These included 14 primary sites and 66 metastatic sites. R0/R1 resection was achieved in 44 (66.7%) patients. Known prognostic factors including resection status (HR 1.99, p = 0.004) and lymph node status (HR 3.49, p = 0.002) were associated with overall survival. On multivariate analysis, increased CD3/CD4 IM (HR 0.54, p = 0.03) ratio positively was associated with improved OS. DISCUSSION: This is the first study to assess the utility of subtypes of T cells as prognostic markers in patients with colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis, which may play a role in patients with low-volume disease. Further studies into immune mechanisms may improve patient selection for cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC as well as provide novel pathways for effective immunotherapy.

2.
Surgery ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal metastasis from appendiceal neoplasms is a rare disease usually found unexpectedly and is associated with deficits in quality reporting of findings. METHODS: Retrospective review of our appendiceal peritoneal metastases carcinomatosis database evaluating quality of index operative and pathology reports. Operative report quality was graded by 2 standards; general quality, based on Royal College of Surgeons quality metrics and peritoneal metastases assessment. Pathology report quality was assessed by the accuracy of diagnosis. RESULTS: Three hundred and seventy-five index operative reports and 490 outside pathology reports were reviewed. General quality of the index operative reports was excellent, with nearly 80% of reports encompassing all the Royal College of Surgeons quality metrics. Peritoneal metastases assessment was poor. Forty-four percent of the reports performed no peritoneal evaluation, while 48.3% only involved partial peritoneal evaluation. Only 7.7% of the reports performed a complete evaluation. Of the pathology reports, 48.4% had discrepancies with final pathologic findings. Low-grade disease and high-grade disease were misdiagnosed 36.06% and 62.7% of the time, respectively. Discordant treatment occurred in 15.3% and 30.0% of cases for misdiagnosed low-grade and high-grade disease, respectively. Incomplete cytoreduction was attempted in nearly a third of referral cases, which was associated with a significantly increased risk for ultimate incomplete cytoreduction with an odds ratio of 4.72. CONCLUSION: This review finds that referral operative reports' descriptions of the technical aspects of a procedure is usually complete. However, oncologic parameters and descriptions of peritoneal metastases are frequently incomplete. Further, pathology reports from outside institutions can lead to inappropriate clinical management decisions. We propose a simplified algorithm to assist nonperitoneal surface malignancy surgeons.

3.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal margin of resection for high-grade extremity sarcomas and its impact on survival has long been questioned in the setting of adjuvant radiotherapy. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of resection status on recurrence and survival. METHODS: All patients with primary, nonmetastatic, high-grade extremity sarcomas that underwent surgical resection from January 2000 to April 2016 in the U.S. Sarcoma Collaborative (USSC) were retrospectively reviewed. Recurrence patterns, recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) were examined in multivariate analyses (MVA). RESULTS: A cohort of 959 patients was identified with a median follow-up of 34.7 months from diagnosis. R0 resection was achieved in 86.7% (831) while R1 resection in 13.3% (128). Locoregional recurrence for R0 and R1 groups occurred in 9.1% (76) versus 14.8% (19; p = .05) while distant recurrence occurred in 24.7% (205) versus 26.6% (34; p = .65), respectively. Median RFS was 171.2 versus 48.5 (p = .01) while median OS was 149.8 versus 71.5 months (p = .02) for the R0 versus R1 group, respectively. On MVA, female gender (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.69, p = .007) and adjuvant radiotherapy (0.7, p = .04) were associated with improved OS, whereas older age (HR = 1.03, p < .001) and tumor size (HR = 1.01, p < .001) were associated with worse OS. R0 resection status was associated with improved locoregional RFS (HR = 0.56, p = .03) but not with distant RFS (HR = 0.84, p = .4) or OS (HR = 0.7, p = .052). CONCLUSIONS: In high-grade extremity sarcomas, tumor size and gender are predictive of OS while R0 resection status is associated with improved locoregional recurrence rate without a significant impact on distant RFS or OS.

4.
Case Rep Urol ; 2020: 8846135, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204569

RESUMO

Nivolumab plus ipilimumab represents an effective combination of checkpoint inhibitors that can lead to a durable response with minimal toxicity in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). We present a case of a pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant nivolumab plus ipilimumab in a patient with a 13.9 cm left renal mass and significant retroperitoneal and iliac lymphadenopathy, classified as intermediate-risk mRCC. We discuss and review the literature on complete responses after systemic therapy and the ability to predict who has undergone a complete response in the face of residual radiographic evidence of disease.

5.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 955-957, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current treatment guidelines for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with mastectomy recommend sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). In the modern era, there is a trend toward minimizing invasive staging and treatment of the axilla. In this study, we seek to determine the role of SLNB in patients undergoing mastectomy for the treatment of DCIS. METHODS: Patients undergoing mastectomy were identified from our institution's SLNB database from 2012 to 2016. Patients were included if core needle biopsy demonstrated DCIS. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and pathologic variables were abstracted. RESULTS: Of 187 patients undergoing mastectomy with SLNB from 2012 to 2016 for DCIS or invasive ductal carcinoma, 39 (21%) were diagnosed with DCIS on core biopsy. Mean age was 57 years. 70% were Caucasian, 18% were African American, 8% were Asian, and the remaining 5% were unknown. One patient (3%) had positive nodes on SLNB and underwent axillary lymph node dissection. Of those with DCIS on core biopsy, 14 (36%) were upstaged to invasive disease on final surgical pathology, including the patient with positive SLNB. Of the remaining 25 (64%) patients with DCIS on final pathology, 0 (0%) had SLNB positivity. CONCLUSION: Only 3% of patients with DCIS undergoing mastectomy were found to have SLN metastases. However, a significant number of patients (36%) were upstaged due to invasive cancer. Although limited by a small sample size, our results suggest that SLNB should still be recommended to patients undergoing mastectomy for DCIS on core needle biopsy due to the high rate of upstage rate to invasive disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/cirurgia , Mastectomia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Procedimentos Desnecessários , Adulto , Idoso , Axila , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Am Surg ; 86(9): 1088-1090, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of flat epithelial atypia (FEA) on core needle biopsy remains controversial. The upstaging rates after surgical excision are variable. In this study, we seek to determine the upstaging rate of FEA at our institution. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of FEA were identified from the institution's pathology database from 2009 to 2018. Patients were included in the study if FEA alone, without atypia or cancer, was identified on core needle biopsy. Patient demographics, imaging, management, and pathology characteristics were obtained. Statistical analysis performed using IBM SPSS 26.0 (Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: FEA was diagnosed on core needle biopsy in 235 patients from 2009 to December 2018. Forty-eight patients met the inclusion criteria. The majority of patients presented with calcifications on mammogram (n = 21, 64%) with the remainder as masses (n = 6, 18%) or architectural distortion (n = 6, 18%). Of those, 15 (31%) patients declined surgical excision, of which none developed cancer over a mean follow-up of 4.4 years. Of the 33 (69%) patients undergoing excisional biopsy, 17 (52%) confirmed FEA, 11 (33%) had benign findings, and 3 (9%) demonstrated atypical ductal hyperplasia on final pathology. One (3%) case revealed ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and 1 (3%) was upgraded to invasive cancer for an overall upstaging rate of 4% (2/48). After a mean follow-up of 3.4 years, none of the excisional biopsy patients developed invasive breast cancer. Adjuvant therapy was used in the cases of DCIS and invasive cancer; however, chemoprevention with raloxifene or tamoxifen was not chosen by any of the remaining patients. CONCLUSION: In our cohort, expectant management of FEA alone appears to be a safe option as our upstaging rate to DCIS or invasive cancer for FEA diagnosed on core biopsy was only 4%. Our study suggests that close follow-up is a safe and feasible option for pure FEA without a radiographic discordance found on core biopsy.


Assuntos
Biópsia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Mama/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(13): 4950-4960, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32632882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy dosing duration and perfusion temperature vary significantly in HIPEC protocols. This study investigates patient-derived tumor organoids as a platform to identify the most efficacious perfusion protocol in a personalized approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Peritoneal tumor tissue from 15 appendiceal and 8 colon cancer patients who underwent CRS/HIPEC were used for personalized organoid development. Organoids were perfused in parallel at 37 and 42 °C with low- and high-dose oxaliplatin (200 mg/m2 over 2 h vs. 460 mg/m2 over 30 min) and MMC (40 mg/3L over 2 h). Viability assays were performed and pooled for statistical analysis. RESULTS: An adequate organoid number was generated for 75% (6/8) of colon and 73% (11/15) of appendiceal patients. All 42 °C treatments displayed lower viability than 37 °C treatments. On pooled analysis, MMC and 200 mg/m2 oxaliplatin displayed no treatment difference for either appendiceal or colon organoids (19% vs. 25%, p = 0.22 and 27% vs. 31%, p = 0.55, respectively), whereas heated MMC was superior to 460 mg/m2 oxaliplatin in both primaries (19% vs. 54%, p < 0.001 and 27% vs. 53%, p = 0.002, respectively). In both appendiceal and colon tumor organoids, heated 200 mg/m2 oxaliplatin displayed increased cytotoxicity as compared with 460 mg/m2 oxaliplatin (25% vs. 54%, p < 0.001 and 31% vs. 53%, p = 0.008, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Organoids treated with MMC or 200 mg/m2 heated oxaliplatin for 2 h displayed increased susceptibility in comparison with 30-min 460 mg/m2 oxaliplatin. Optimal perfusion protocol varies among patients, and organoid technology may offer a platform for tailoring HIPEC conditions to the individual patient level.

9.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(13): 5016-5023, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32705511

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clinical decision-making is challenging in patients who undergo cytoreductive surgery/hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) when complete cytoreduction is not feasible. Nevertheless, some patients still benefit with long-term survival after incomplete CRS/HIPEC. There is currently no robust predictive tool that can assist clinical decision-making in this setting. METHODS: We quantified gene expression of 79 appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (AMN) from patients with incomplete CRS/HIPEC (R2 resection) using a custom NanoString gene panel. Using our previously defined, prognostic subtype classification algorithm based on signed nonnegative matrix factorization, we classified AMN cases into three molecular subtypes termed: immune enriched (IE), mixed (M), and oncogene enriched (OE). Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards analyses were used to associate subtypes and individual genes with overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Median overall survival (OS) was 7.7 years for IE, 3.6 years for M, and 1.4 years for OE. Compared with IE, OE was associated with significantly lower survival [hazard ratio (HR) 3.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.63-8.13; p = 0.0017]. The differences were observed in both low-grade and high-grade tumors. While only two genes were identified to be associated with OS in low-grade tumors, multiple genes were identified to be associated with OS in high-grade tumors, particularly genes with functions in cell cycle/proliferation, mucin production, immune pathways, and cell adhesion/migration. CONCLUSION: Genetic signatures have prognostic value in patients with incomplete cytoreduction and provide valuable information to assist clinical and operative decision-making. Unraveling genetic alterations and involved pathways can direct efforts to design novel therapeutic modalities.

10.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 154(2): 266-276, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Management of colorectal cancer warrants mutational analysis of KRAS/NRAS when considering anti-epidermal growth factor receptor therapy and BRAF testing for prognostic stratification. In this multicenter study, we compared a fully integrated, cartridge-based system to standard-of-care assays used by participating laboratories. METHODS: Twenty laboratories enrolled 874 colorectal cancer cases between November 2017 and December 2018. Testing was performed on the Idylla automated system (Biocartis) using the KRAS and NRAS-BRAF cartridges (research use only) and results compared with in-house standard-of-care testing methods. RESULTS: There were sufficient data on 780 cases to measure turnaround time compared with standard assays. In-house polymerase chain reaction (PCR) had an average testing turnaround time of 5.6 days, send-out PCR of 22.5 days, in-house Sanger sequencing of 14.7 days, send-out Sanger of 17.8 days, in-house next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 12.5 days, and send-out NGS of 20.0 days. Standard testing had an average turnaround time of 11 days. Idylla average time to results was 4.9 days with a range of 0.4 to 13.5 days. CONCLUSIONS: The described cartridge-based system offers rapid and reliable testing of clinically actionable mutation in colorectal cancer specimens directly from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Its simplicity and ease of use compared with other molecular techniques make it suitable for routine clinical laboratory testing.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrão de Cuidado , Fatores de Tempo
11.
J Am Coll Surg ; 230(4): 679-687, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery plus intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy (CRS+HIPEC) is a formidable procedure, often affecting the quality of life (QOL) of the caregiver as well as the patient. We explored the impact of quality of life and depressive symptom burdens of CRS+HIPEC caregivers prospectively. STUDY DESIGN: Patient and caregiver dyads were both consented per IRB-approved protocol; CRS ± HIPEC was performed. The impact on QOL and depressive symptom burdens was assessed on patient-caregiver dyads via the Caregiver Quality of Life (CG QOL-C), CES-D (Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression) instruments; pre-CS+HIPEC (T1), postoperative (T2), 6 (T3), and 12 (T4) months. RESULTS: Seventy-seven dyads were approached, with 73 participating. Both caregiver and patient depressive symptom trajectories changed significantly. CES-D means for caregivers were (T1-4): 15.1 (SE [standard error] 1.7), 15.0 (1.4), 10.3 (1.4), 13.1 (2.1), p = 0.0008; for patients were: 10.3 (SE 1.1), 13.7 (1.4), 9.0 (1.2), and 10.3 (1.5), p = 0.0002. Preoperatively, caregivers scored 4.8 points (SD 13.4) (p = 0.026) higher than patients. Patients experienced an increase in depression scores at the postoperative visit. At T3, both groups dropped to less concerning levels; yet caregiver CES-D scores increased again at T4 4.7 points (SD 12.5) higher than the patients, and financial well-being became worse from T1 to T3. Possible, probable, and "cases" of depression were higher for caregivers were at all measured time points. CONCLUSIONS: Significant numbers of caregivers endured high depressive symptom burdens and financial concerns. Different caregiver-patient trajectories reflect the need for differential timing of supportive interventions. Evaluation of quality of life and impact of CRS+HIPEC procedures must move beyond assessment of only the patient.

12.
Ann Surg ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the survival benefit of different adjuvant approaches and factors influencing their efficacy after upfront resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The optimal adjuvant approach for PDAC remains controversial. METHODS: Patients from the National Cancer Database who underwent upfront PDAC resection from 2010 to 2014 were analyzed to determine clinical outcomes of different adjuvant treatment approaches, stratified according to pathologic characteristics. Factors associated with overall survival were identified with multivariable logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards were used to compare overall survival of different treatment approaches in the whole cohort, and propensity score matched groups. RESULTS: We included 16,709 patients who underwent upfront resection of PDAC. On multivariable analysis, tumor size, grade, positive margin, nodal involvement, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), stage, lymph node ratio, not receiving chemotherapy, and/or radiation were predictors for worse survival. In the presence of at least 1 high-risk pathologic feature (nodal or margin involvement or LVI) chemotherapy with subsequent radiation provided the most significant survival benefit (median survivals: 24.8 vs 21.0 mo for adjuvant chemotherapy; HR = 0.81; 95% CI: 0.77-0.86; P < 0.001 in propensity score matching). The addition of radiation to adjuvant chemotherapy did not significantly improve overall survival in those with no high-risk pathologic features (median survivals: 54.6 vs 42.7 mo for adjuvant chemotherapy; HR=0.90; 95% CI: 0.75-1.08; P = 0.25 in propensity score matching). CONCLUSIONS: In the presence of any high-risk pathologic features (nodal or margin involvement or LVI), adjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiation provides a better survival advantage over chemotherapy alone after upfront resection of PDAC.

13.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(5): 1439-1447, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (AMN) with peritoneal metastasis is a rare but deadly disease with few prognostic or therapy-predictive biomarkers to guide treatment decisions. Here, we investigated the prognostic and biological attributes of gene expression-based AMN molecular subtypes. METHODS: AMN specimens (n = 138) derived from a population-based subseries of patients treated at our institution with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) between 05/2000 and 05/2013 were analyzed for gene expression using a custom-designed NanoString 148-gene panel. Signed non-negative matrix factorization (sNMF) was used to define a gene signature capable of delineating robustly-classified AMN molecular subtypes. The sNMF class assignments were evaluated by topology learning, reverse-graph embedding and cross-cohort performance analysis. RESULTS: Three molecular subtypes of AMN were discerned by the expression patterns of 17 genes with roles in cancer progression or anti-tumor immunity. Tumor subtype assignments were confirmed by topology learning. AMN subtypes were termed immune-enriched (IE), oncogene-enriched (OE) and mixed (M) as evidenced by their gene expression patterns, and exhibited significantly different post-treatment survival outcomes. Genes with specialized immune functions, including markers of T-cells, natural killer cells, B-cells, and cytolytic activity showed increased expression in the low-risk IE subtype, while genes implicated in the promotion of cancer growth and progression were more highly expressed in the high-risk OE subtype. In multivariate analysis, the subtypes demonstrated independent prediction power for post-treatment survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a greater role for the immune system in AMN than previously recognized. AMN subtypes may have clinical utility for predicting CRS/HIPEC treatment outcomes.

14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(1): 107-114, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368017

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Appendiceal neoplasms are uncommon tumors. Optimal treatment for patients with perforation or high-grade pathology after initial resection is unknown. This study evaluated patients with increased risk for peritoneal dissemination after primary resection, but no evidence of peritoneal disease, who underwent adjuvant hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHODS: This multi-institutional cohort study evaluated 56 patients with high-risk (HR) appendiceal neoplasms with a peritoneal carcinomatosis index of 0 who underwent HIPEC. The patients were divided into two groups: perforated low-grade appendiceal (LGA) carcinoma and HR neoplasms, which included perforated high-grade appendiceal carcinoma, positive margins after initial resection, minimal macroscopic peritoneal disease that was previously resected or completely responded to systemic chemotherapy prior to HIPEC, goblet cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma with signet ring cell features. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: Thirty-eight percent of patients had perforated LGA and 68% had HR features. Five-year OS probability was 82.1% for the entire cohort, and 100% and 70.1% for patients with perforated LGA and HR features, respectively (p = 0.024). Five-year RFS probability was 79.3% for the entire cohort, and 90.0% and 72.4% for patients with perforated LGA and HR features, respectively (p = 0.025). Eight patients recurred after HIPEC and their OS was significantly worse (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: While adjuvant HIPEC is both safe and feasible, there appears to be little benefit over close surveillance when outcomes are compared with historical and prospective studies, especially for perforated LGA carcinoma.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Apêndice/mortalidade , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/mortalidade , Hipertermia Induzida/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Surgery ; 167(2): 352-357, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare, aggressive cancer. We compared features of patients who underwent synchronous versus metachronous metastasectomy. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent resection for metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma from 1993 to 2014 at 13 institutions of the US adrenocortical carcinoma group were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were categorized as synchronous if they underwent metastasectomy at the index adrenalectomy or metachronous if they underwent resection after recurrence of the disease. Factors associated with overall survival were assessed by univariate analysis. RESULTS: In the study, 84 patients with adrenocortical carcinoma underwent metastasectomy; 26 (31%) were synchronous and 58 (69%) were metachronous. Demographics were similar between groups. The synchronous group had more T4 tumors at the index resection (42 vs 3%, P < .001). The metachronous group had prolonged median survival after the index resection (86.3 vs 17.3 months, P < .001) and metastasectomy (36.9 vs 17.3 months, P = .007). Synchronous patients with R0 resections had improved survival compared to patients with R1/2 resections (P = .008). Margin status at metachronous metastasectomy was not associated with survival (P = .452). CONCLUSION: Select patients with metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma may benefit from metastasectomy. Patients with metachronous metastasectomy have a more durable survival benefit than those undergoing synchronous metastasectomy. This study highlights need for future studies examining differences in tumor biology that could explain outcome disparities in these distinct patient populations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/cirurgia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/mortalidade , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/secundário , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
Mol Cancer Res ; 18(1): 130-139, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628201

RESUMO

Breast tumors have their own specific microbiota, distinct from normal mammary gland tissue. Patients with breast cancer that present with locally advanced disease often undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy to reduce tumor size prior to surgery to allow breast conservation or limit axillary lymph node dissection. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy modulates the tumor microbiome and the potential impact of microbes on breast cancer signaling. Using snap-frozen aseptically collected breast tumor tissue from women who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 15) or women with no prior therapy at time of surgery (n = 18), we performed 16S rRNA-sequencing to identify tumoral bacterial populations. We also stained breast tumor microarrays to confirm presence of identified microbiota. Using bacteria-conditioned media, we determined the effect of bacterial metabolites on breast cancer cell proliferation and doxorubicin therapy responsiveness. We show chemotherapy administration significantly increased breast tumor Pseudomonas spp. Primary breast tumors from patients who developed distant metastases displayed increased tumoral abundance of Brevundimonas and Staphylococcus. We confirmed presence of Pseudomonas in breast tumor tissue by IHC staining. Treatment of breast cancer cells with Pseudomonas aeruginosa conditioned media differentially effected proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and modulated doxorubicin-mediated cell death. Our results indicate chemotherapy shifts the breast tumor microbiome and specific microbes correlate with tumor recurrence. Further studies with a larger patient cohort may provide greater insights into the role of microbiota in therapeutic outcome and develop novel bacterial biomarkers that could predict distant metastases. IMPLICATIONS: Breast tumor microbiota are modified by therapy and affects molecular signaling.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/microbiologia , Microbiota/fisiologia , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(3): 772-780, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) using patient-reported outcomes in subjects with mucinous appendiceal neoplasms who underwent cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) as part of a randomized trial comparing mitomycin with oxaliplatin. METHODS: In this prospective multicenter study, 121 mucinous appendiceal cancer patients, with evidence of peritoneal dissemination who underwent CRS, were randomized to receive mitomycin (divided 40 mg) or oxaliplatin (200 mg/m2) for HIPEC. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Neurotoxicity (FACT-G/NTX) questionnaire was utilized to assess HRQOL. The Trial Outcome Index (TOI) is a summary index responsive to changes in physical/functional outcomes. Repeated measures mixed models with an unstructured variance matrix were applied to assess changes in HRQOL longitudinally. RESULTS: Baseline questionnaire compliance was 95.9%. Baseline physical well-being (PWB) was independently associated with overall survival (hazard ratio 0.79, 95% confidence interval 0.66-0.96; p = 0.017). The TOI was significantly lower in the mitomycin group compared with the oxaliplatin arm at 12 weeks (p = 0.044; score difference 6.35) and 24 weeks after surgery (p = 0.049; score difference 5.61). At 12 weeks after surgery, declines from baseline were significant in the TOI (p = 0.004; score decline 8.99), PWB (p < 0.001; score decline 2.83), and FWB (p < 0.001; score decline 3.42) in the mitomycin group but not the oxaliplatin group. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with mitomycin, HIPEC perfusion with oxaliplatin results in significantly better physical and functional outcomes. With similar survival outcomes and complication rates, oxaliplatin should be considered as the chemoperfusion agent of choice in mucinous appendiceal cancer patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/terapia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Mitomicina/uso terapêutico , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitomicina/efeitos adversos , Oxaliplatina/efeitos adversos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Surg Clin North Am ; 100(1): 127-139, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753107

RESUMO

Complete surgical resection of metastatic melanoma has a known survival benefit. Treatment of metastatic melanoma, however, has become increasingly complex with the introduction of targeted treatments and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Integration of systemic medical therapy and surgical resection has shown promising results, with significantly improved long-term survivals. Results from current clinical trials are awaited to help further delineate the sequence and combination of systemic therapy and surgery.


Assuntos
Melanoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Melanoma/secundário , Melanoma/terapia , Metastasectomia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/secundário , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia
20.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(1): 117-123, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31069554

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an accepted treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma. In this study, we evaluated QOL after HIPEC for peritoneal mesothelioma. METHODS: This was a prospective study performed after HIPEC for peritoneal mesothelioma between 2002 and 2015. Patients completed QOL surveys, including the Short Form-36 (SF-36), Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy + Colon (FACT-C), Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) preoperatively and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Overall, 46 patients underwent HIPEC for peritoneal mesothelioma and completed QOL surveys. Mean age was 52.8 ± 13.8 years and 52% were male. Good preoperative functional status was 70%. Median survival was 3.4 years, and 1, 3, and 5-year survivals were 77.4, 55.2, and 36.5%, respectively. CES-D score decreased at 3 months postoperatively, but increased at 24 months (p = 0.014); SF-36 physical functioning scale decreased at 3 months but returned to baseline at 12 months (p = 0.0045); and the general health scale decreased at 3 months, then improved by 6 months (p = 0.0034). Emotional well-being (p = 0.0051), role limitations due to emotional problems (p = 0.0006), social functioning (p = 0.0022), BPI (p = 0.025), least pain (p = 0.045), and worst pain (p < 0.0001) improved. FACT-C physical well-being decreased at 3 months but returned to baseline at 6 months (p = 0.020), and total FACT-C score improved at 6 months (p = 0.052). CONCLUSION: QOL returned to baseline or improved from baseline between 3 months and 1 year following surgery. Despite the risks associated with this operation, patients may tolerate HIPEC well and have good overall QOL postoperatively.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/mortalidade , Hipertermia Induzida/mortalidade , Mesotelioma/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Mesotelioma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taxa de Sobrevida
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