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1.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268293, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biomarkers common to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) may reflect early impairments underlying both diseases. METHODS: We evaluated associations of 71 CVD-related plasma proteins measured in 2,873 Framingham Heart Study (FHS) Offspring cohort participants with cross-sectional continuous eGFR and with longitudinal change in eGFR from baseline to follow-up (ΔeGFR). We also evaluated the associations of the 71 CVD proteins with the following dichotomous secondary outcomes: prevalent CKD stage ≥3 (cross-sectional), new-onset CKD stage ≥3 (longitudinal), and rapid decline in eGFR (longitudinal). Proteins significantly associated with eGFR and ΔeGFR were subsequently validated in 3,951 FHS Third Generation cohort participants and were tested using Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to infer putatively causal relations between plasma protein biomarkers and kidney function. RESULTS: In cross-sectional analysis, 37 protein biomarkers were significantly associated with eGFR at FDR<0.05 in the FHS Offspring cohort and 20 of these validated in the FHS Third Generation cohort at p<0.05/37. In longitudinal analysis, 27 protein biomarkers were significantly associated with ΔeGFR at FDR<0.05 and 12 of these were validated in the FHS Third Generation cohort at p<0.05/27. Additionally, 35 protein biomarkers were significantly associated with prevalent CKD, five were significantly associated with new-onset CKD, and 17 were significantly associated with rapid decline in eGFR. MR suggested putatively causal relations of melanoma cell adhesion molecule (MCAM; -0.011±0.003 mL/min/1.73m2, p = 5.11E-5) and epidermal growth factor-containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 1 (EFEMP1; -0.006±0.002 mL/min/1.73m2, p = 0.0001) concentration with eGFR. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: Eight protein biomarkers were consistently associated with eGFR in cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis in both cohorts and may capture early kidney impairment; others were implicated in association and causal inference analyses. A subset of CVD protein biomarkers may contribute causally to the pathogenesis of kidney impairment and should be studied as targets for CKD treatment and early prevention.

2.
medRxiv ; 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547845

RESUMO

To create a scientific resource of expression quantitative trail loci (eQTL), we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using genotypes obtained from whole genome sequencing (WGS) of DNA and gene expression levels from RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of whole blood in 2622 participants in Framingham Heart Study. We identified 6,778,286 cis -eQTL variant-gene transcript (eGene) pairs at p <5×10 -8 (2,855,111 unique cis -eQTL variants and 15,982 unique eGenes) and 1,469,754 trans -eQTL variant-eGene pairs at p <1e-12 (526,056 unique trans -eQTL variants and 7,233 unique eGenes). In addition, 442,379 cis -eQTL variants were associated with expression of 1518 long non-protein coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Gene Ontology (GO) analyses revealed that the top GO terms for cis- eGenes are enriched for immune functions (FDR <0.05). The cis -eQTL variants are enriched for SNPs reported to be associated with 815 traits in prior GWAS, including cardiovascular disease risk factors. As proof of concept, we used this eQTL resource in conjunction with genetic variants from public GWAS databases in causal inference testing (e.g., COVID-19 severity). After Bonferroni correction, Mendelian randomization analyses identified putative causal associations of 60 eGenes with systolic blood pressure, 13 genes with coronary artery disease, and seven genes with COVID-19 severity. This study created a comprehensive eQTL resource via BioData Catalyst that will be made available to the scientific community. This will advance understanding of the genetic architecture of gene expression underlying a wide range of diseases.

3.
Aging Cell ; : e13608, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546478

RESUMO

DNA methylation (DNAm) has been reported to be associated with many diseases and with mortality. We hypothesized that the integration of DNAm with clinical risk factors would improve mortality prediction. We performed an epigenome-wide association study of whole blood DNAm in relation to mortality in 15 cohorts (n = 15,013). During a mean follow-up of 10 years, there were 4314 deaths from all causes including 1235 cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths and 868 cancer deaths. Ancestry-stratified meta-analysis of all-cause mortality identified 163 CpGs in European ancestry (EA) and 17 in African ancestry (AA) participants at p < 1 × 10-7 , of which 41 (EA) and 16 (AA) were also associated with CVD death, and 15 (EA) and 9 (AA) with cancer death. We built DNAm-based prediction models for all-cause mortality that predicted mortality risk after adjusting for clinical risk factors. The mortality prediction model trained by integrating DNAm with clinical risk factors showed an improvement in prediction of cancer death with 5% increase in the C-index in a replication cohort, compared with the model including clinical risk factors alone. Mendelian randomization identified 15 putatively causal CpGs in relation to longevity, CVD, or cancer risk. For example, cg06885782 (in KCNQ4) was positively associated with risk for prostate cancer (Beta = 1.2, PMR  = 4.1 × 10-4 ) and negatively associated with longevity (Beta = -1.9, PMR  = 0.02). Pathway analysis revealed that genes associated with mortality-related CpGs are enriched for immune- and cancer-related pathways. We identified replicable DNAm signatures of mortality and demonstrated the potential utility of CpGs as informative biomarkers for prediction of mortality risk.

4.
Cells ; 11(9)2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563811

RESUMO

Blood biomarkers for dementia have the potential to identify preclinical disease and improve participant selection for clinical trials. Machine learning is an efficient analytical strategy to simultaneously identify multiple candidate biomarkers for dementia. We aimed to identify important candidate blood biomarkers for dementia using three machine learning models. We included 1642 (mean 69 ± 6 yr, 53% women) dementia-free Framingham Offspring Cohort participants attending examination, 7 who had available blood biomarker data. We developed three machine learning models, support vector machine (SVM), eXtreme gradient boosting of decision trees (XGB), and artificial neural network (ANN), to identify candidate biomarkers for incident dementia. Over a mean 12 ± 5 yr follow-up, 243 (14.8%) participants developed dementia. In multivariable models including all 38 available biomarkers, the XGB model demonstrated the strongest predictive accuracy for incident dementia (AUC 0.74 ± 0.01), followed by ANN (AUC 0.72 ± 0.01), and SVM (AUC 0.69 ± 0.01). Stepwise feature elimination by random sampling identified a subset of the nine most highly informative biomarkers. Machine learning models confined to these nine biomarkers showed improved model predictive accuracy for dementia (XGB, AUC 0.76 ± 0.01; ANN, AUC 0.75 ± 0.004; SVM, AUC 0.73 ± 0.01). A parsimonious panel of nine candidate biomarkers were identified which showed moderately good predictive accuracy for incident dementia, although our results require external validation.

5.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266523, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390066

RESUMO

RATIONALE: It has been speculated that shared mechanisms underlie respiratory and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) including systemic inflammation or mutual risk factors. In this context, we sought to examine the associations of CVD-related plasma proteins with lung function as measured by spirometry in a large community-based cohort of adults. METHODS: The study included 5777 Framingham Heart Study participants who had spirometry and measurement of 71 CVD-related plasma proteins. The association of plasma proteins with lung function was assessed cross-sectionally and longitudinally using models accounting for familial correlations. Linear mixed models were used for the following measurements: FEV1%predicted, FVC%predicted, and FEV1/FVC ratio with secondary analyses examining obstructive and restrictive physiology at baseline and their new onset during follow up. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Among the 71 CVD-related plasma proteins, 13 proteins were associated in cross-sectional analyses with FEV1%predicted, 17 proteins were associated with FVC%predicted, and 1 protein was associated with FEV1/FVC. The proteins with the greatest inverse relations to FEV1%predicted and FVC%predicted included leptin, adrenomedullin, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; in contrast there were three proteins with positive relations to FEV1%predicted and FVC%predicted including insulin growth factor binding protein 2, tetranectin, and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products. In longitudinal analyses, three proteins were associated with longitudinal change in FEV1 (ΔFEV1) and four with ΔFVC; no proteins were associated with ΔFEV1/FVC. CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight CVD-related plasma proteins that are associated with lung function including markers of inflammation, adiposity, and fibrosis, representing proteins that may contribute both to respiratory and CVD risk.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Estudos Transversais , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Humanos , Inflamação , Pulmão , Espirometria , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
6.
EBioMedicine ; 78: 103978, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe COVID-19 T-cell lymphopenia is more common among older adults and entails poor prognosis. Offsetting the decline in T-cell count during COVID-19 demands fast and massive T-cell clonal expansion, which is telomere length (TL)-dependent. METHODS: We developed a model of TL-dependent T-cell clonal expansion capacity with age and virtually examined the relation of T-cell clonal expansion with COVID-19 mortality in the general population. FINDINGS: The model shows that an individual with average hematopoietic cell TL (HCTL) at age twenty years maintains maximal T-cell clonal expansion capacity until the 6th decade of life when this capacity rapidly declines by more than 90% over the next ten years. The collapse in the T-cell clonal expansion capacity coincides with the steep increase in COVID-19 mortality with age. INTERPRETATION: Short HCTL might increase vulnerability of many older adults, and some younger individuals with inherently short HCTL, to COVID-19 T-cell lymphopenia and severe disease. FUNDING: A full list of funding bodies that contributed to this study can be found in the Acknowledgements section.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Linfopenia , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Linfócitos T , Telômero/genética , Adulto Jovem
7.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2502: 395-405, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35412252

RESUMO

The nuclear pore complex (NPC) is the conduit in the nuclear envelope through which proteins and RNA are transported between the cytoplasm and nucleus. Xenopus egg extracts that support de novo assembly of nuclei have provided a robust system to study NPC structure and function because the biochemical composition of the extract can be easily manipulated. Here we describe how to assemble nuclei in Xenopus egg extract, how to visualize and analyze NPCs in both live and fixed samples, and different approaches to altering nucleocytoplasmic transport in extract.


Assuntos
Membrana Nuclear , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares , Poro Nuclear , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Animais , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Microscopia/métodos , Membrana Nuclear/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Xenopus laevis/metabolismo
8.
Mol Ther ; 30(4): 1364-1380, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35283274

RESUMO

Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) gene therapy has the potential to transform the lives of patients with certain genetic disorders by increasing or restoring function to affected tissues. Following the initial establishment of transgene expression, it is unknown how long the therapeutic effect will last, although animal and emerging human data show that expression can be maintained for more than 10 years. The durability of therapeutic response is key to long-term treatment success, especially since immune responses to rAAV vectors may prevent re-dosing with the same therapy. This review explores the non-immunological and immunological processes that may limit or improve durability and the strategies that can be used to increase the duration of the therapeutic effect.


Assuntos
Dependovirus , Vetores Genéticos , Animais , Dependovirus/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Terapia Genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Transgenes
9.
Mem Cognit ; 2022 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35277835

RESUMO

While items learned immediately before testing are generally remembered better than prior items in a study list, in delayed testing this relationship is reversed, yielding a negative recency effect. To adjudicate between the strategic rehearsal and spacing accounts of this phenomenon, we examined performance of 169 participants on a delayed recognition test following multiple sessions requiring the study and immediate free recall testing of 16 lists of 16 words. This revealed a strong effect of the amount of spacing between initial study position and initial free recall position on the degree of negative recency, supporting the spacing account. Furthermore, these spacing effects were nonmonotonic, suggesting that they are mediated by consolidation processes. Additional analyses indicate that strategies and rehearsal opportunities may also contribute to the effects of within-list encoding position on subsequent long-term memory, but for recall more than for recognition.

10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 1801, 2022 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35110616

RESUMO

Lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) provide an unlimited source of genomic DNA for genetic studies. Here, we compared mtDNA sequence variants, heteroplasmic or homplasmic, between LCL (sequenced by mitoRCA-seq method) and whole blood samples (sequenced through whole genome sequencing approach) of the same 130 participants in the Framingham Heart Study. We applied harmonization of sequence coverages and consistent quality control to mtDNA sequences. We identified 866 variation sites in the 130 LCL samples and 666 sites in the 130 blood samples. More than 94% of the identified homoplasmies were present in both LCL and blood samples while more than 70% of heteroplasmic sites were uniquely present either in LCL or in blood samples. The LCL and whole blood samples carried a similar number of homoplasmic variants (p = 0.45) per sample while the LCL carried a greater number of heteroplasmic variants than whole blood per sample (p < 2.2e-16). Furthermore, the LCL samples tended to accumulate low level heteroplasmies (heteroplasmy level in 3-25%) than their paired blood samples (p = 0.001). These results suggest that cautions should be taken in the interpretation and comparison of findings when different tissues/cell types or different sequencing technologies are applied to obtain mtDNA sequences.


Assuntos
Células Sanguíneas , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Heteroplasmia , Mitocôndrias/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Adulto , Células Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Transformada , DNA Mitocondrial/sangue , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Semin Cell Dev Biol ; 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35148938

RESUMO

During early embryogenesis, as cells divide in the developing embryo, the size of intracellular organelles generally decreases to scale with the decrease in overall cell size. Organelle size scaling is thought to be important to establish and maintain proper cellular function, and defective scaling may lead to impaired development and disease. However, how the cell regulates organelle size and organization are largely unanswered questions. In this review, we summarize the process of size scaling at both the cell and organelle levels and discuss recently discovered mechanisms that regulate this process during early embryogenesis. In addition, we describe how some recently developed techniques and Xenopus as an animal model can be used to investigate the underlying mechanisms of size regulation and to uncover the significance of proper organelle size scaling and organization.

12.
Gastroenterology ; 162(6): 1705-1715, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: A genome-wide significant association between anti-Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) IgG titers and Toll-like receptor (TLR1/6/10) locus on 4p14 was demonstrated for individuals of European ancestry, but not uniformly replicated. We re-investigated this association in an updated genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis for populations with low gastric cancer incidence, address potential causes of cohort heterogeneity, and explore functional implications of genetic variation at the TLR1/6/10 locus. METHODS: The dichotomous GWAS (25% individuals exhibiting highest anti-H pylori IgG titers vs remaining 75%) included discovery and replication sampls of, respectively, n = 15,685 and n = 9676, all of European ancestry. Longitudinal analysis of serologic data was performed on H pylori-eradicated subjects (n = 132) and patients under surveillance for premalignant gastric lesions (n = 107). TLR1/6/10 surface expression, TLR1 mRNA, and cytokine levels were measured in leukocyte subsets of healthy subjects (n = 26) genotyped for TLR1/6/10 variants. RESULTS: The association of the TLR1/6/10 locus with anti-H pylori IgG titers (rs12233670; ß = -0.267 ± SE 0.034; P = 4.42 × 10-15) presented with high heterogeneity and failed replication. Anti-H pylori IgG titers declined within 2-4 years after eradication treatment (P = 0.004), and decreased over time in patients with premalignant gastric lesions (P < 0.001). Variation at the TLR1/6/10 locus affected TLR1-mediated cytokine production and TLR1 surface expression on monocytes (P = 0.016) and neutrophils (P = 0.030), but not mRNA levels. CONCLUSIONS: The association between anti-H pylori IgG titers and TLR1/6/10 locus was not replicated across cohorts, possibly owing to dependency of anti-H pylori IgG titers on therapy, clearance, and antibody decay. H pylori-mediated immune cell activation is partly mediated via TLR1 signaling, which in turn is affected by genetic variation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas , Receptor 1 Toll-Like/genética , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Citocinas/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Helicobacter/genética , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
14.
J Exp Biol ; 225(4)2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35014670

RESUMO

Cryoprotection is of interest in many fields of research, necessitating a greater understanding of different cryoprotective agents. Antifreeze proteins have been identified that have the ability to confer cryoprotection in certain organisms. Antifreeze proteins are an evolutionary adaptation that contributes to the freeze resistance of certain fish, insects, bacteria and plants. These proteins adsorb to an ice crystal's surface and restrict its growth within a certain temperature range. We investigated the ability of an antifreeze protein from the desert beetle Anatolica polita, ApAFP752, to confer cryoprotection in the frog Xenopus laevis. Xenopus laevis eggs and embryos microinjected with ApAFP752 exhibited reduced damage and increased survival after a freeze-thaw cycle in a concentration-dependent manner. We also demonstrate that ApAFP752 localizes to the plasma membrane in eggs and embryonic blastomeres and is not toxic for early development. These studies show the potential of an insect antifreeze protein to confer cryoprotection in amphibian eggs and embryos.


Assuntos
Proteínas Anticongelantes , Besouros , Embrião não Mamífero , Proteínas de Insetos , Óvulo , Animais , Proteínas Anticongelantes/metabolismo , Proteínas Anticongelantes/farmacologia , Besouros/química , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/farmacologia , Óvulo/efeitos dos fármacos , Xenopus laevis
15.
Diagn Interv Imaging ; 103(3): 171-176, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688591

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the MRI characteristics of intralabyrinthine schwannoma (ILS) on post contrast three-dimensional (3D) fluid-attenuation-inversion-recovery (FLAIR) images obtained four hours after intravenous administration of a gadolinium-based contrast agent (4h-3D-FLAIR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This IRB-approved retrospective multi-center study included patients presenting with typical ILS from January 2016 to October 2020. All medical charts were systematically collected. All MRI examinations, including 4h-3D-FLAIR images, were reviewed by two board-certified neuroradiologists. Main outcome measures were location, signal intensity and associated anomalies of ILS. RESULTS: Twenty-seven out of 8730 patients (0.31%) referred for the investigation of a cochleovestibular disorder had a final diagnosis of ILS. There were 13 men and 14 women with a mean age of 52 ± 17 (SD) years (age range: 20-86 years). The most common clinical presentation was unilateral progressive sensorineural hearing loss (16/27; 59%). All ILS were unilateral and 15 (15/27; 55%) were intracochlear. All ILS presented as a hypointense filling defect within the labyrinth on T2-weighted images that enhanced on post-contrast T1-weighted images. On 4h-3D-FLAIR images, all ILS presented as a hypointense filling defect, associated with diffuse perilymphatic hyperintensity. Two patients (2/27; 7%) presented with ipsilateral endolymphatic hydrops. CONCLUSION: ILS displays consistent features on post-contrast 4h-3D-FLAIR images. ILS should not be confused with endolymphatic hydrops and requires a systematic analysis of the corresponding T2-weighted images.


Assuntos
Hidropisia Endolinfática , Neurilemoma , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Nutr ; 152(3): 690-697, 2022 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between diet quality and mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN) remains to be examined. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the relation between diet quality and mtDNA-CN. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2931 Framingham Heart Study (FHS) participants (mean age of 57 y, 55% females). Whole-genome sequencing was used to calculate mtDNA-CN from whole-blood samples. We examined the cross-sectional associations between 3 diet quality scores, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score, the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), and the Mediterranean diet score (MDS), and mtDNA-CN. Linear mixed models were used to account for maternal lineage. RESULTS: We observed that a higher DASH score was positively associated with mtDNA-CN after adjusting for sex, age, energy intake, smoking status, alcohol intake, and physical activity level. A 1-SD increase in the DASH score was associated with a 0.042-SD greater mtDNA-CN (95% CI: 0.007, 0.077; P = 0.02). Similarly, for each SD increase in AHEI and MDS, the mtDNA-CN SD increased by 0.056 (95% CI: 0.019, 0.092; P = 0.003) and 0.047 (95% CI: 0.01, 0.083; P = 0.01), respectively. Diet quality scores were associated with neutrophil and lymphocyte counts but not platelet counts, e.g., for a 1-SD increase in the DASH, neutrophils decreased by 0.8% (95% CI: 0.5%, 1.1%; P = 4.1 × 10-6), lymphocytes increased by 0.7% (95% CI: 0.4%, 1%, P = 1.2 × 10-5), and there was no significant change in platelet number (0.1 × 1000/µL; 95% CI: -1.6, 1.9; P = 0.89). Further adjustment for neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet counts and the associations between diet quality scores and mtDNA-CN were completely attenuated to nonsignificant (P = 0.95, 0.54, and 0.91, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that higher diet quality is associated with a greater whole-blood derived mtDNA-CN in middle-aged to older adult FHS participants, and that blood cell composition, particularly neutrophil counts, attenuated the association between diet quality and mtDNA-CN.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Dieta Mediterrânea , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 42(2): e61-e73, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). MGP (matrix Gla protein) is implicated in vascular calcification in animal models, and circulating levels of the uncarboxylated, inactive form of MGP (ucMGP) are associated with cardiovascular disease-related and all-cause mortality in human studies. However, the role of MGP in arterial stiffness is uncertain. Approach and Results: We examined the association of ucMGP levels with vascular calcification, arterial stiffness including carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), and incident heart failure in community-dwelling adults from the Framingham Heart Study. To further investigate the link between MGP and arterial stiffness, we compared aortic PWV in age- and sex-matched young (4-month-old) and aged (10-month-old) wild-type and Mgp+/- mice. Among 7066 adults, we observed significant associations between higher levels of ucMGP and measures of arterial stiffness, including higher PWV and pulse pressure. Longitudinal analyses demonstrated an association between higher ucMGP levels and future increases in systolic blood pressure and incident HFpEF. Aortic PWV was increased in older, but not young, female Mgp+/- mice compared with wild-type mice, and this augmentation in PWV was associated with increased aortic elastin fiber fragmentation and collagen accumulation. CONCLUSIONS: This translational study demonstrates an association between ucMGP levels and arterial stiffness and future HFpEF in a large observational study, findings that are substantiated by experimental studies showing that mice with Mgp heterozygosity develop arterial stiffness. Taken together, these complementary study designs suggest a potential role of therapeutically targeting MGP in HFpEF.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/sangue , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Rigidez Vascular , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico
18.
Hum Mol Genet ; 31(7): 1171-1182, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788810

RESUMO

Carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) is a biomarker of subclinical atherosclerosis and a predictor of future cardiovascular events. Identifying associations between gene expression levels and cIMT may provide insight to atherosclerosis etiology. Here, we use two approaches to identify associations between mRNA levels and cIMT: differential gene expression analysis in whole blood and S-PrediXcan. We used microarrays to measure genome-wide whole blood mRNA levels of 5647 European individuals from four studies. We examined the association of mRNA levels with cIMT adjusted for various potential confounders. Significant associations were tested for replication in three studies totaling 3943 participants. Next, we applied S-PrediXcan to summary statistics from a cIMT genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 71 128 individuals to estimate the association between genetically determined mRNA levels and cIMT and replicated these analyses using S-PrediXcan on an independent GWAS on cIMT that included 22 179 individuals from the UK Biobank. mRNA levels of TNFAIP3, CEBPD and METRNL were inversely associated with cIMT, but these associations were not significant in the replication analysis. S-PrediXcan identified associations between cIMT and genetically determined mRNA levels for 36 genes, of which six were significant in the replication analysis, including TLN2, which had not been previously reported for cIMT. There was weak correlation between our results using differential gene expression analysis and S-PrediXcan. Differential expression analysis and S-PrediXcan represent complementary approaches for the discovery of associations between phenotypes and gene expression. Using these approaches, we prioritize TNFAIP3, CEBPD, METRNL and TLN2 as new candidate genes whose differential expression might modulate cIMT.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588688

RESUMO

The ability to generate associative representations and to retrieve them from long-term episodic memory generally declines in healthy aging. However, it is unclear whether healthy aging has differential effects on associative memory for identity, spatial configuration, and temporal order relationships. In the current study, we assessed how healthy aging impacts on associative memory for identity, spatial, or temporal relationships between pairs of visual objects via discrimination of intact and rearranged pairs. Accuracy and response time performance of healthy older adults (aged 65-80) were compared with young adults (ages 19-30). Age-related declines in associative memory were observed equally for all types of associations, but these declines differed by associative status: aging most strongly affected ability to discriminate rearranged pairs. These results suggest that associative memory for identity, spatial, and temporal relationships are equally affected by healthy aging, and may all depend on a shared set of basic associative mechanisms.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Saudável , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Aprendizagem por Associação/fisiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Reação , Reconhecimento Psicológico/fisiologia
20.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 115(1): 163-170, 2022 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA methylation-based epigenetic age measures have been used as biological aging markers and are associated with a healthy lifespan. Few population-based studies have examined the relation between diet and epigenetic age acceleration. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the relation between diet quality and epigenetic age acceleration. METHODS: We analyzed data from 1995 participants (mean age, 67 years; 55% women) of the Framingham Heart Study Offspring Cohort. Cross-sectional associations between the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score and 3 whole-blood DNA methylation-derived epigenetic age acceleration measures-Dunedin Pace of Aging Methylation (DunedinPoAm), GrimAge acceleration (GrimAA), and PhenoAge acceleration (PhenoAA)-were examined. A mediation analysis was conducted to assess the mediating role of epigenetic age acceleration in relation to DASH and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: A higher DASH score was associated with lower levels of DunedinPoAm (ß = -0.05; SE = 0.02; P = 0.007), GrimAA (ß = -0.09; SE = 0.02; P < 0.001), and PhenoAA (ß = -0.07; SE = 0.02; P = 0.001). All 3 epigenetic measures mediated the association between the DASH score and all-cause mortality, with mean proportions of 22.1% for DunedinPoAm (Pmediation = 0.04), 45.1% for GrimAA (Pmediation = 0.001), and 22.9% for PhenoAA (Pmediation = 0.03). An interaction was observed between the DASH score and smoking status in relation to the epigenetic aging markers. The association between the DASH score and epigenetic aging markers tended to be stronger in "ever-smokers" (former and current smokers) compared to "never-smokers." The proportions of mediation were 31.3% for DunedinPoAm, 46.8% for GrimAA, and 10.3% for PhenoAA in ever-smokers, whereas no significant mediation was observed in never-smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Higher diet quality is associated with slower epigenetic age acceleration, which partially explains the beneficial effect of diet quality on the lifespan. Our findings emphasize that adopting a healthy diet is crucial for maintaining healthy aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Metilação de DNA , Abordagens Dietéticas para Conter a Hipertensão/mortalidade , Epigênese Genética , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Causas de Morte , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Longevidade , Masculino
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