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1.
Fitoterapia ; : 105037, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536534

RESUMO

Eight cephalotaxine-type alkaloids (1-8), including two new compounds cephafortunines A and B (1-2), were isolated from the branches and leaves of Cephalotaxus fortunei var. alpina. Their structures were identified by a series of spectroscopic methods (MS, UV, IR, 1D, and 2D NMR) and comparison with the reported data of known analogs. The absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were determined by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. 1-8 were evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferation effects against two human leukemia cell lines (U937 and HL-60). All compounds showed different levels of antiproliferation effects against U937 cells with GI50 values of 4.21-23.70 µM. 4 and 5 were the most active against U937 cells with GI50 values of 4.21 and 6.58 µM and against HL-60 cells with GI50 values of 6.66 and 6.70 µM, respectively. 4 and 5 arrested HL-60 cell cycle in G0/G1 phase.

2.
Nanoscale ; 13(35): 14825-14836, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533171

RESUMO

Surgery is the primary treatment option for most melanoma; however, high tumor recurrence rate after surgical resection becomes the main cause of death in cancer patients. The development of efficient drug delivery nanosystems to inhibit postoperative tumor recurrence becomes very necessary. In the present study, IR780 molecules and TRP-2 peptide were encapsulated in the hydrophobic shell and hydrophilic interior of TAT peptide functionalized liposomes to form TLipIT NPs, which were further internalized into neutrophils (NEs) to achieve TLipIT/NEs. After being intravenously injected into postoperative B16F10-bearing mice, TLipIT/NEs could actively migrate toward the inflamed residual tumor and release TLipIT through neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). Under NIR laser irradiation, the TLipIT exhibited both photothermal and photodynamic effects to induce immunogenic cell death for maturation of DCs, and simultaneously, to release TRP-2 peptide as a melanoma associated antigen to further strengthen the maturation of DCs, both of which prompts the activation of T cells and induces potent immune responses. TLipIT/NEs hold great potential for the inhibition of postoperative tumor recurrence.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Indóis , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Neutrófilos , Fototerapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(37): 10962-10973, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493043

RESUMO

In this study, pyrralylisoleucine (Pyrr-Ile) and pyrralylalanine (Pyrr-Ala), two dipeptide-bound pyrralines with different C-termini were synthesized as the representatives of dietary advanced glycation end products (dAGEs). The structures of Pyrr-Ile and Pyrr-Ala were characterized by high-resolution mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Then, the transport of Pyrr-Ile and Pyrr-Ala across intestinal epithelial cells was investigated using Caco-2 cell monolayers, and their interaction with aminopeptidase N (APN) was analyzed. The results showed that the apparent permeability coefficient (Papp) of Pyrr-Ala was (14.1 ± 2.26) × 10-7 cm·s-1 calculated by free pyrraline, while the Papp values of Pyrr-Ile were (32.4 ± 5.35) × 10-7 and (19.1 ± 1.46) × 10-7 cm·s-1 when they were, respectively, calculated according to their dipeptide-bound or free form. Both Pyrr-Ala and Pyrr-Ile were potential substrates of APN, and their hydrolysis by APN may make the intact transmembrane transport of Pyrr-Ala and Pyrr-Ile more difficult, especially for Pyrr-Ala. Besides, the occurrence of product inhibition in hydrolysis of Pyrr-Ile was possible. Pyrr-Ile and Pyrr-Ala were different in Papp values and transport forms, which suggested that the C-terminus may play an important role in their transport across the Caco-2 cell monolayers. In addition, the results highlight the intact transmembrane transport of dipeptide-bound pyrraline.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494057

RESUMO

The elimination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) caused by glutathione (GSH) is a fundamental concern in the oxidative stress therapy (OST) of tumors. This is the first report of copper phosphate nanospheres coated by poly (ethylene glycol) diacrylate (Cu3(PO4)2@PEGDA) which act as nanozymes to amplify the anti-tumor effects of OST. Cu3(PO4)2@PEGDA not only catalyzes the generation of ˙OH from H2O2 but also consumes GSH, which is counterproductive to the role of ˙OH. Moreover, the photothermal properties of Cu3(PO4)2@PEGDA further enhances the outcome of the OST when exposed to an 808 nm laser. Another novelty lies in that a new PEGylation strategy of peroxidase-like nanozymes is proposed, in which the Cu3(PO4)2 cores work as internal heaters and radical generators, which are necessary to initiate the radical polymerization of PEGDA. An elaborate core-shell nanostructure is obtained since the polymerization prefers to take place in the vicinity of the cores, overcoming the drawbacks of traditional PEGylation methods which include invalid polymerization far away from the cores and easy core-shell disassembly during applications.

6.
Food Chem ; 368: 130723, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500352

RESUMO

The effects of the fat crystal structure on lipid droplets digestion behaviors were investigated using an in vitro digestion model. The crystalline oil-in-water emulsions containing the same solid fat content (SFC) with different fat crystal sizes and polymorphic forms were fabricated by different storage protocols: constant-temperature and inconstant-temperature storage. Oral and gastric processing led to a significant increase (p < 0.05) in the d4,3 values of the two emulsions, and the two emulsions underwent partial coalescence and flocculation/aggregation. The free fatty acid (FFA) release profiles showed that the lipolysis extent decreased due to a larger crystal size. In addition, the two emulsions showed differences in beta polymorphism. This work further demonstrated that the FFA release could be modulated by the physical properties of the fat.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125952, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492871

RESUMO

Plant growth and heavy metal (HM) accumulation is affected by heavy metal bioavailability and nutrient content in soil aggregates during endophyte-assisted phytoremediation. In this study, we evaluated the influence of endophytes inoculation on P. acinosa HM accumulation and soil aggregate physicochemical properties and explored the correlation among them. Endophyte inoculation increased the plant growth and Cd accumulation by 7.95-25.13% and 3.27-19.22%, respectively and the soil aggregate was redistributed with a decrease of 1.88-5.41% of the clay fraction. The available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, and organic matter in macro-aggregate and micro-aggregate were significantly improved with endophyte inoculation. In addition, compared to the no inoculation group, endophytes inoculation enhanced the bioavailability of Cd in macro-aggregates by 4.92-15.00% and in micro-aggregate by 0-9.37%. Both multiple linear regression analysis and the structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis showed that the Cd accumulation in P. acinosa was mainly depended on the Cd bioavailability in macro-aggregates and micro-aggregates. In general, this study helped to improve our understanding of soil aggregate HM bioavailability and nutrient content distribution characteristics under endophyte inoculation, which could further explain the mechanisms of endophytes in plant growth promoting and HM accumulation improving.


Assuntos
Phytolacca , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio , Endófitos , Nutrientes , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
8.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 730222, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540720

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an important health problem in human and animals, and the highlighting side effects of launched therapeutic chemicals cannot be ignored. Thus, it is urgent to develop new drugs to against the infection. Myrislignan originated from nutmeg exhibited excellent anti-T. gondii activity in vitro and in vivo, and was able to destroy mitochondrial function. However, the exact mechanism of action is still unknown. In this study, combining RNAs deep-sequencing analysis and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and high affinity proteins suggested that myrislignan may affect the oxidation-reduction process of T. gondii. Furthermore, the upregulating ROS activity after myrislignan incubation verified that myrislignan destroyed the oxidant-antioxidant homeostasis of tachyzoites. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that myrislignan induced the formation of autophagosome-like double-membrane structure. Moreover, monodansyl cadaverine (MDC) staining and western blot further illustrated autophagosome formation. Myrislignan treatment induced a significant reduction in T. gondii by flow cytometry analysis. Together, these findings demonstrated that myrislignan can induce the oxidation-reduction in T. gondii, lead to the autophagy, and cause the death of T. gondii.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18589, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545137

RESUMO

This experimental study evaluates the location of thoracic dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and evaluates the radiofrequency ablation (RFA) fraction of different puncture approaches on distinct DRG locations. Eight normal adult corpse specimens were used as thoracic spine specimens. An MRI examination was performed on each specimen using the following MRI sequences: STIR T2WI, fs-FRFSE T2WI, and 3D FIESTA-c. Then thoracic spine specimens (n = 14) were divided into three groups for RFA: Group A, using a transforaminal approach irrespective of DRG location; Group B, using a transforaminal, trans-lateral-zygapophysial or translaminar approach according to the DRG location; and Group C using a combination of puncture approaches. The quality of visualization of thoracic DRGs on STIR T2WI, fs-FRFSE T2WI, and 3D FIESTA-c scans were 53.5% (77/144), 88.2% (127/144), and 93.1% (134/144), respectively. In group A, the RFA fractions of the extraforaminal DRGs (N = 29), intraforaminal DRGs (N = 12) and intraspinal DRGs (N = 7) via a transforaminal approach were 72.6 ± 18.9%, 54.2 ± 24.8% and 32.9 ± 28.1% respectively. In group B, RFA of extraforaminal DRGs via a transforaminal approach (N = 43) or a trans-lateral zygapophysial approach (N = 45) led to ablation fractions of 71.9 ± 15.2% and 72.0 ± 17.9%, respectively; RFA of intraforaminal DRGs via a transforaminal approach (N = 14) or a translaminar approach (N = 16) led to ablation fractions of 57.1 ± 18.0% and 52.5 ± 20.6%, respectively; RFA of intraspinal DRGs via a transforaminal approach (N = 12) or a translaminar approach (N = 14) led to ablation fractions of 34.8 ± 24.6% and 71.8 ± 16.0%, respectively. In group C, the combined approach led to an ablation fraction for extraforaminal DRGs (N = 69) of 82.5 ± 14.1%, for intraforaminal DRGs (N = 39) of 81.5 ± 11.8%, and for intraspinal DRGs (N = 36) of 80.8 ± 13.3%. MRI can accurately assess DRG location before RFA. Adopting different and combined puncturing approaches tailored to different DRG locations can significantly increase the DRG RFA fraction.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487492

RESUMO

We put forward a focusing formula to describe the guided waves periodical focusing phenomenon, which, apart from being a fundamental problem in the guided waves propagation in the pipes, has essential applications in the field of nondestructive evaluation. Due to the partial circumferential loads or non-axisymmetric defects, the guided waves are not only in the zeroth-order axisymmetric forms but also in the higher-order non-axisymmetric forms. When multiple orders of the same mode exist simultaneously, the angular profile is adopted to describe the circumferential energy distribution of the superposed wave field. However, the angular profile varies in the propagation process. In our finding, this variation is periodic, meaning that the circumferential energy will repeat the process of dispersing and focusing. Thus, we put forward a focusing formula to describe the phenomenon. The proposed formula indicates that the angular profile varies periodically with the ratio of propagation distance to wave number, and this period is only related to the pipe radius. Thus, three factors, including propagation distance, excitation frequency, and pipe radius, will affect the angular profile. Moreover, we established an experimental system to verify this phenomenon, based on which we have designed three groups of experiments to investigate these three factors. The experimental results are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions.

12.
Neurochem Res ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498160

RESUMO

The effects of general anesthetics on the developing brain have aroused much attention in recent years. Sevoflurane, a commonly used inhalation anesthetic especially in pediatric anesthesia, can induce developmental neurotoxicity. In this study, the differentially expressed mRNAs in the hippocampus of newborn rats exposed to 3% sevoflurane for 6 h were detected by RNA-Sequencing. Those data indicated that the mRNA of Klotho was increased after exposure to sevoflurane. Moreover, the protein expression of Klotho was assayed by Western Blot. Besides over-expression and under-expression of Klotho protein, we also detected changes of cell proliferation, ROS, JC-1, and Bcl-2/Bax ratio in PC12 cells exposed to sevoflurane. After exposure to 3% sevoflurane, the expression of Klotho protein increased in the hippocampus of neonatal rats. In PC12 cells, exposure to sevoflurane could increase cellular ROS level, reduce mitochondrial membrane potential and Bcl-2/Bax ratio. While overexpression of Klotho alleviated the above changes, knockdown of Klotho aggravated the injury of sevoflurane. Klotho protein could reduce oxidative stress and mitochondrial injury induced by sevoflurane in the neuron.

13.
J Neurophysiol ; 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469698

RESUMO

This study explored the role of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway in hippocampal neuron autophagy in rats with chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). Sixty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided to normoxic control (CON), CIH (subdivided into groups A, B, and C undergoing intermittent hypoxia for 2, 4, and 6 weeks, respectively), solvent (CIH+Veh), or p38MAPK inhibitor (CIH+SB203580) groups. DMSO and SB203580 were injected intraperitoneally 30 min before hypoxia in CIH+Veh and CIH+SB203580 group rats, respectively. Rat learning and memory were evaluated via the Morris water maze test. Ultrastructural changes in the hippocampal CA1 region autophagic vesicles and neurons were observed under transmission electron and light microscopy. Hippocampal microtubule-associated proteins were detected by western blot. Morris water maze test showed that CIH+SB203580 group rats spent significantly more time on the platform quadrant and crossed the platform more times than CIH+Veh group rats (P < 0.01). HE staining showed greater rat cell damage in the CIH+SB group than in the CIH and CIH+Veh groups. Western blot analysis showed that CIH+SB group rats had significantly lower p-p38MAPK/p38MAPK, LC3I, and p62 expression and higher beclin-1 expression than CIH+Veh group rats (P < 0.01). Electron microscopy showed that CIH+SB203580 group rats had several small hippocampal neuron autophagic vesicles. On immunofluorescence analyses, it showed a higher LC3II expression in CIH+SB203580 group rats than in CIH+Veh group rats (P < 0.01). These results indicate that inhibition of the CIH p38MAPK signaling pathway can activate autophagy and protect hippocampal neurons in rats.

14.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 809-813, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy and safety of measurements of transcutaneous carbon dioxide partial pressure (TcPCO2) and transcutaneous oxygen partial pressure (TcPO2) at electrode temperatures lower than the value used in clinical practice in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: A total of 45 very low birth weight infants were enrolled. TcPCO2 and TcPO2 measurements were performed in these infants. Two transcutaneous monitors were placed simultaneously for each subject. One electrode was set and maintained at 42℃ used in clinical practice for neonates (control group), and the other was successively set at 38℃, 39℃, 40°C, and 41℃ (experimental group). The paired t-test was used to compare the measurement results between the groups. A Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the measurement results of the experimental group and control group, and between the measurement results of experimental group and arterial blood gas parameters. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in TcPCO2 between each experimental subgroup (38-41℃) and the control group. TcPCO2 in each experimental subgroup (38-41℃) was strongly positively correlated with TcPCO2 in the control group (r>0.9, P<0.05) and arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure (r>0.8, P<0.05). There were significant differences in TcPO2 between each experimental subgroup (38-41℃) and the control group (P<0.05), but TcPO2 in each experimental subgroup (38-41℃) was positively correlated with TcPO2 in the control group (r=0.493-0.574, P<0.05) and arterial oxygen partial pressure (r=0.324-0.399, P<0.05). No skin injury occurred during transcutaneous measurements at all electrode temperatures. CONCLUSIONS: Lower electrode temperatures (38-41℃) can accurately measure blood carbon dioxide partial pressure in very low birth weight infants, and thus can be used to replace the electrode temperature of 42°C. Transcutaneous measurements at the lower electrode temperatures may be helpful for understanding the changing trend of blood oxygen partial pressure.


Assuntos
Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Dióxido de Carbono , Eletrodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Oxigênio , Pressão Parcial , Temperatura
15.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533143

RESUMO

Electrocatalysis plays a vital role in energy conversion and storage in modern society. Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) is a highly attractive approach to enhance the electrocatalytic activity and selectivity with solar energy. LSPR excitation can induce the transfer of hot electrons and holes, electromagnetic field enhancement, lattice heating, resonant energy transfer and scattering, in turn boosting a variety of electrocatalytic reactions. Although the LSPR-mediated electrocatalysis has been investigated, the underlying mechanism has not been well explained. Moreover, the efficiency is strongly dependent on the structure and composition of plasmonic metals. In this review, the currently proposed mechanisms for plasmon-mediated electrocatalysis are introduced and the preparation methods to design supported plasmonic nanostructures and related electrodes are summarized. In addition, we focus on the characterization strategies used for verifying and differentiating LSPR mechanisms involved at the electrochemical interface. Following that are highlights of representative examples of direct plasmonic metal-driven and indirect plasmon-enhanced electrocatalytic reactions. Finally, this review concludes with a discussion on the remaining challenges and future opportunities for coupling LSPR with electrocatalysis.

16.
Talanta ; 235: 122772, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517631

RESUMO

In many cases of in-situ or point-of-care testing (POCT), the single pursuit of good detection performance cannot meet the testing requirements, and thus no-wash testing has become one of the most effective methods to develop sustainable biosensing assay, providing more convenient operation procedures and shorting the detection time. Herein, a disposable POC biosensing assay was prepared based on the RGB color detector software on the smartphone and the peroxide-like activity of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) for aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) sensitive detection. Using syringe filters for a simple physical separation procedure can easily realize washing free detection, which is superior to most biosensing assays with cumbersome detection procedures. The syringe filters with 200 nm pore diameter could only pass through small Au NPs (30 nm) while the large-sized SiO2 nanoparticles (300 nm) was blocked on the membrane. In this work, Au NPs utilized their inherent peroxidase-like activity to catalyze the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) by H2O2 to ox-TMB under acidic conditions, which results in blue color in aqueous solution. The color change due to different antigen concentrations was quantitatively determined by measuring the color intensity with a smartphone and the RGB color detector. By measuring the color intensity, it was known that the linear concentration range of the biosensing assay was 100 fg mL-1 to 50 ng mL-1, and the detection limit of AFB1 was 33 fg mL-1 (S/N = 3). Additionally, the designed biosensing assay exhibited excellent selectivity, storage stability and reproducibility. More importantly, the innovation of detecting and analyzing technology is the outstanding advantage of the biosensing assay, providing a more flexible and convenient strategy for some other small molecule analysis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Aflatoxina B1/análise , Colorimetria , Ouro , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Dióxido de Silício
17.
Epigenomics ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528447

RESUMO

Aims: Few circRNAs have been thoroughly explored in ulcerative colitis (UC). Materials & methods: Microarrays and qualitative real-time PCR were used to detect and confirm dysregulated circRNAs associated with UC. Functional analysis was performed to explore the roles. Results: A total of 580 circRNAs and 87 miRNAs were simultaneously dysregulated in both inflamed and noninflamed UC colonic mucosa compared with healthy controls. Accordingly, hsa_circ_0001021 was significantly downregulated in patients with UC and was related to Mayo scores. Clinical samples and cell experiments revealed that hsa_circ_0001021 was expressed in epithelial cells and correlated with ZO-1, occludin and CLDN-2. Moreover, hsa_circ_0001021 sponged miR-224-5p to upregulate smad4 and increased ZO-1 and occludin. Conclusion: Hsa_circ_0001021 is related to UC severity and regulates epithelial barrier function via sponging miR-224-5p.

18.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 2575-2584, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531653

RESUMO

Background and Objective: To determine the effects of BSE (biomass smoke exposure) on pulmonary and non-pulmonary changes in patients with COPD compared with normal individuals. Methods: Using a cohort, we recruited 16 healthy individuals with BSE (BSE normal), 19 patients with BSE+COPD, 13 healthy individuals with cigarette smoke exposure (CSE normal), 25 patients with CSE+COPD, and 25 healthy controls. Patients with GOLD stage I and II COPD were included. Baseline data (demographic data, BSE or CSE, lung function, and CT findings) and follow-up lung function data were collected. CT parameters of emphysema, pulmonary small vessels, airway remodeling, pectoralis muscles, and erector spinae muscle were measured. Results: Individuals with BSE were mainly women (32/35, 91.43%). Compared with the CSE+COPD group, the BSE+COPD group demonstrated slower lung function decline, increased lower lung emphysema, narrower airway lumen dimensions and increased airway wall thickening in the moderate and small airways (all P<0.05). Compared with healthy controls, the CSE normal and BSE normal groups exhibited significant reductions in pulmonary small vessel area and obvious airway remodeling in small airways (P<0.05). Compared with the BSE normal group, the BSE+COPD group showed significantly more severe emphysema and airway remodeling, as well as reduced left pectoralis major muscle area (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Healthy individuals with BSE had reduced pulmonary small vessel area and evidence of airway remodeling; patients with BSE and COPD showed more severe emphysema, airway remodeling, and reductions in pectoralis major muscle area. Clinical Trial Registration: ChiCTR-OO-14004264.

19.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486628

RESUMO

In this work, a nanosensor chemiluminescent (CL) probe for sensing glutathione (GSH) was developed, for the first time, based on its inhibition of the intrinsic peroxidase-mimetic effect of BSA@AuNCs. The endoperoxide linkage of artesunate could be hydrolyzed by BSA@AuNCs resulting in the release of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the consequent generation of strong CL emission. By virtue of the strong covalent interactions of -S⋯Au-, GSH could greatly suppress the peroxidase-mimetic effect of BSA@AuNCs, leading to a drastic CL quenching. The CL quenching efficiency increased proportionally to the logarithm of GSH concentration through the linearity range of 50.0-5000.0 nM with a limit of detection of 5.2 nM. This CL-based strategy for GSH tracing demonstrated the advantages of ultrasensitivity, high selectivity and simplicity. This strategy was successfully utilized to measure GSH levels in human serum with reasonable recovery results of 98.71%, 103.18%, and 101.68%, suggesting that this turn-off CL sensor is a promising candidate for GSH in biological and clinical samples.

20.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 7119-7130, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546840

RESUMO

Our previous studies have elucidated a possible connection between long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2570 (LINC02570) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the precise mechanism by which LINC02570 promotes NPC remains unknown. We used quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to detect LINC02570 expression in nasopharyngeal cell lines, NPC tissues, and chronic rhinitis tissues. Subcellular LINC02570 localization was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The effects of LINC02570 stable knockdown and overexpression on viabillity, proliferation, migration, and invasion were analyzed using 3-(4,5-Dimethyl-2-Thiazolyl)-2,5-Diphenyl-2-H-Tetrazolium bromide (MTT), a colorimetric focus-formation assay, a wound healing assay, and transwell assays. RNA crosstalk analysis in silico predicted microRNA-4649-3p (miR-4649-3p) binding to LINC02570 or sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 (SREBF1). A dual luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm potential interactions. Sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and fatty acid synthase (FASN) expression were detected by western blotting. The results suggest that LINC02570 is upregulated in late clinical stage NPC patients, and promotes NPC progression by adsorbing miR-4649-3p to up-regulate SREBP1 and FASN. This study elucidates a potential chemotherapeutic target involved in lipid metabolism in NPC.

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