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1.
Bone Joint J ; 105-B(2): 140-147, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722051

RESUMO

AIMS: Eccentric reductions may become concentric through femoral head 'docking' (FHD) following closed reduction (CR) for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). However, changes regarding position and morphology through FHD are not well understood. We aimed to assess these changes using serial MRI. METHODS: We reviewed 103 patients with DDH successfully treated by CR and spica casting in a single institution between January 2016 and December 2020. MRI was routinely performed immediately after CR and at the end of each cast. Using MRI, we described the labrum-acetabular cartilage complex (LACC) morphology, and measured the femoral head to triradiate cartilage distance (FTD) on the midcoronal section. A total of 13 hips with initial complete reduction (i.e. FTD < 1 mm) and ten hips with incomplete MRI follow-up were excluded. A total of 86 patients (92 hips) with a FTD > 1 mm were included in the analysis. RESULTS: At the end of the first cast period, 73 hips (79.3%) had a FTD < 1 mm. Multiple regression analysis showed that FTD (p = 0.011) and immobilization duration (p = 0.028) were associated with complete reduction. At the end of the second cast period, all 92 hips achieved complete reduction. The LACC on initial MRI was inverted in 69 hips (75.0%), partly inverted in 16 hips (17.4%), and everted in seven hips (7.6%). The LACC became everted-congruent in 45 hips (48.9%) and 92 hips (100%) at the end of the first and second cast period, respectively. However, a residual inverted labrum was present in 50/85 hips (58.8%) with an initial inverted or partly inverted LACC. CONCLUSION: An eccentric reduction can become concentric after complete reduction and LACC remodelling following CR for DDH. Varying immobilization durations were required for achieving complete reduction. A residual inverted labrum was present in more than half of all hips after LACC remodelling.Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2023;105-B(2):140-147.


Assuntos
Displasia do Desenvolvimento do Quadril , Demência Frontotemporal , Humanos , Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
2.
Front Oncol ; 13: 1108633, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36733309

RESUMO

Background: Interleukins (ILs) have been reported to be related to prostate cancer. The aims of this study were to estimate the levels for several key interleukins in prostate cancer and the causal effects between them. Methods: We conducted a bi-directional two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study to assess the causal associations between ILs and prostate cancer. Genetic instruments and summary-level data for 10 ILs were obtained from three genome-wide association meta-analyses. Prostate cancer related data were obtained from the PRACTICAL (79,148 cases and 61,106 controls), UK Biobank (7,691 cases and 169,762 controls) and FinnGen consortium (10,414 cases and 124,994 controls), respectively. Results: The odds ratio of prostate cancer was 0.92 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.89, 0.96; P=1.58×10-05) and 1.12 (95% CI, 1.07, 1.17; P=6.61×10-07) for one standard deviation increase in genetically predicted IL-1ra and IL-6 levels, respectively. Genetically predicted levels of IL-1ß, IL-2a, IL-6ra, IL-8, IL-16, IL-17, IL-18, and IL-27 were not associated with the risk of prostate cancer. Reverse MR analysis did not find the associations between genetic liability to prostate cancer and higher levels of IL-1ra (ß, -0.005; 95% CI, -0.010, 0.001; P=0.111) and IL-6 (ß, 0.002; 95% CI, -0.011, 0.014; P=0.755). Conclusion: This MR study suggests that long-term IL-6 may increase the risk of prostate cancer and IL-1ra may reduce it.

3.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 28(1): 1, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The activation of subcutaneous mast cells (MCs) helps to trigger the analgesic effect induced by acupuncture (AP), a traditional oriental therapy, that has been gradually accepted worldwide. This work aimed to reveal whether the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) released from MCs plays an important role in this process, which has a controversial effect in the mechanism of pain. METHODS: In vivo tests, a 20-min session of AP was applied at Zusanli acupuncture point (acupoint) of acute ankle arthritis rats. Pain thresholds of the injured hindpaw were assessed to reflect the pain state, and the targeting substances in the interstitial space of the treated acupoint were sampled by microdialysis. In vitro experiments, exogenous 5-HT (exo-5-HT) was introduced to mediate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release from cultured MCs. RESULTS: Needling promoted 5-HT accumulation at the Zusanli acupoint, which was prevented by sodium cromolyn. AP's analgesic effect was suppressed by the inhibition of 5-HT receptors at the acupoint, especially 5-HT1A subtype. In vitro tests, mechanical perturbation mimicking needling stimulation induced MCs to release 5-HT. 1 µM and 10 µM of exo-5-HT facilitated ATP release, which was restrained by blocking of 5-HT1 receptors rather than 5-HT3 receptors. As 5-HT, ATP and adenosine were also transiently accumulated in the treated acupoint during needling. Promoting ATP hydrolysis or activation adenosine A1 receptors duplicated AP analgesic effect. Finally, the inhibition of ATP receptors by suramin or pyridoxal phosphate-6-azo tetrasodium salt hydrate (PPADS) prevented AP analgesic effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that MC-associated 5-HT release at acupoints contributes to AP analgesia, and the mediation of ATP secretion through 5-HT1A receptors might be the underlying mechanism at play. ATP could facilitate adenosine production or the propagation of needling signals.


Assuntos
Analgesia por Acupuntura , Artrite , Doença de Hashimoto , Animais , Ratos , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Serotonina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Mastócitos , Adenosina , Analgésicos
4.
Nanoscale ; 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723029

RESUMO

Bone tissue engineering (BTE), based on the perfect combination of seed cells, scaffold materials and growth factors, has shown unparalleled potential in the treatment of bone defects and related diseases. As the site of cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation, scaffolds composed of biomaterials play a crucial role in BTE. Over the past years, carbon dots (CDs), a new type of carbon-based nanomaterial, have attracted extensive research attention due to their good biocompatibility, unique optical properties, and abundant functional groups. This paper reviews recent research progress in the use of CDs in the field of BTE. Firstly, different preparation methods of CDs are summarized. Then, the properties and categories of CDs applied in BTE are described in detail. Subsequently, the applications of CDs in BTE, including osteogenesis, fluorescence tracing, phototherapy and antibacterial activity, are presented. Finally, the challenges and future perspectives of CDs in BTE are briefly discussed to give a comprehensive picture of CDs. This review provides a theoretical basis and advanced design strategies for the application of CDs in BTE.

5.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 1343-1353, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727740

RESUMO

There is a lack of fundamental understanding of mechano-electro-optical multifield coupling for organometallic halide perovskites (OHPs). In this study, the effect of light irradiation on OHPs' mechanical properties was investigated by atomic force microscopy. In the dark, an MAPbI3 film was dominated by grains with a Young's modulus of approximately 5.94 GPa, which decreased to 2.97 GPa under light illumination. The photoinduced strain distribution within the polycrystalline MAPbI3 film was not uniform, and the maximum strain generated inside individual grains was 5.8%. Furthermore, the illumination-induced strain promoted the formation of ferroelastic domains. The Young's modulus of one domain increased from 8.99 to 25.27 GPa, whereas the Young's modulus of an adjacent domain decreased from 14.9 to 1.30 GPa. According to the density-functional-theory calculations, the observed photoinduced strain-promoted variations in mechanical properties were caused by the reversible migration of MA+ cations. These findings can help establish the relationship among the mechanical-chemical-optoelectronic characteristics of OHPs.

6.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 23(1): 44, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the morphology and physiological function of the meibomian glands between type 2 diabetics with dry eye disease (DED) and control subjects. Doing so will help to better reveal the pathologic mechanisms of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and DED in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Ninety subjects were divided into the following four groups: DM-DED group: T2DM patients with DED (n = 30); DM control group: DM patients without DED (n = 18); DED group: DED patients without DM (n = 26); and normal control group: normal subjects (n = 16). All participants administered the ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire, tear meniscus height (TMH), noninvasive Keratograph tear film break-up time (NIKBUT), Schirmer I test (SIT), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS), eyelid margin abnormality examinations, meibum quality and meibomian gland (MG) dropout evaluations. RESULTS: The percentage of MG dropout in the upper and lower lids was significantly higher in the DM-DED group than the DED group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). However, there was no significant difference in other MG parameters between these two groups. Oppositely, Significant difference was observed in all of MG parameters except MG dropout in the lower lids comparing DM group with normal controls (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). While the SIT values decreased in the DM-DED group compared to the DED group (P < 0.05), no significant differences were found in the values of other tear parameters. CONCLUSIONS: The higher prevalence and increased severity of MGD was found in patients with both T2DM and DED compared to those only with DED. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR1800019939, date of registration December 9, 2018, prospectively registered.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Disfunção da Glândula Tarsal , Humanos , Disfunção da Glândula Tarsal/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Glândulas Tarsais , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia
7.
Inorg Chem ; 2023 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36683338

RESUMO

Structural and functional expansion of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is fundamentally important because it not only enriches the structural chemistry of MOFs but also facilitates the full exploration of their application potentials. In this work, by employing a dual-site functionalization strategy to lock the ligand conformation, we designed and synthesized a pair of biphenyl tricarboxylate ligands bearing dimethyl and dimethoxy groups and fabricated their corresponding framework compounds through coordination with copper(II) ions. Compared to the monofunctionalized version, introduction of two side groups can significantly fix the ligand conformation, and as a result, the dual-methoxy compound exhibited a different network structure from the mono-methoxy counterpart. Although only one almost orthogonal conformation was observed for the two ligands, their coordination framework compounds displayed distinct topological structures probably due to different solvothermal conditions. Significantly, with a hierarchical cage-type structure and good hydrostability, the dimethyl compound exhibited promising practical application value for industrially important C2H2 separation and purification, which was comprehensively demonstrated by equilibrium/dynamic adsorption measurements and the corresponding Clausius-Clapeyron/IAST/DFT theoretical analyses.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674701

RESUMO

Increasing grain yield is required to meet the rapidly expanding demands for food, feed, and fuel. Inflorescence meristems are central to plant growth and development. However, the question concerning whether inflorescence development can be regulated to improve grain yield remains unclear. Here, we describe a naturally occurring single recessive mutation called fea5 that can increase grain yield in maize. Using bulk segregant analysis sequencing (BSA-seq), the candidate region was initially mapped to a large region on chromosome 4 (4.68 Mb-11.26 Mb). Transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) revealed a total of 1246 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), of which 835 were up-regulated and 411 were down-regulated. Further analysis revealed the enrichment of DEGs in phytohormone signal transduction. Consistently, phytohormone profiling indicated that auxin (IAA), jasmonic acid (JA), ethylene (ETH), and cytokinin (CK) levels increased significantly, whereas the gibberellin (GA) level decreased significantly in fea5. By integrating BSA-seq with RNA-seq, we identified Zm00001d048841 as the most likely candidate gene. Our results provide valuable insight into this new germplasm resource and the molecular mechanism underlying fasciated ears that produce a higher kernel row number in maize.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , RNA-Seq , Zea mays/genética , Giberelinas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Transcriptoma
9.
Eur J Med Res ; 28(1): 50, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Miniscrews as auxiliary anchorage devices in orthodontic treatment have definite advantages and efficacy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the scientific evidence including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCTs) to support the application of low-level laser therapy to improve miniscrews stability in orthodontic treatment. METHODS: An extensive literature research was conducted with the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and ScienceDirect without language limitations. All searches were inclusive until June 2020. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool was used to assess the risk of bias (RoB) in the included RCTs. RESULTS: Through the electronic searches, 428 titles and abstracts were identified. From these, 4 articles were retrieved for review, and 3 of these met the inclusion criteria. Two RCTs reported increased miniscrews stability with low-intensity laser therapy, but the other one reported no difference. Except one study assessed as "high risk of bias" the other two were rated as "low risk of bias". CONCLUSION: There is insufficient evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of LLLT for improvement of miniscrew stability. Further studies with a better study design, reliable evaluation method, comprehensive evaluation intervals and appropriate loading protocol are required to provide more reliable evidence for the clinical application of LLLT.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Humanos , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/métodos
10.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 181: 107713, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693532

RESUMO

The papilionoid legume genus Sophora (Fabaceae) exhibits a worldwide distribution, but a phylogenetic framework to understand the evolution of this group is lacking to date. Previous studies have demonstrated that Sophora is not monophyletic and might include Ammodendron, Ammothamnus, and Echinosophora, but the relationships among these four genera (defined as Sophora s.l.) are unclear. Here we used a nuclear DNA dataset (ETS, ITS, SQD1) and a plastid DNA dataset (matK, rbcL, rpl32-trnL, trnL-F) of 654 accession sequences to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships, estimate the divergence times and ancestral range of Sophora s.l., and infer the evolution of chromosome number and morphological characteristics. Our major aim was to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships to test monophyly and elucidate relationships within the genus. Our results indicated that Ammodendron, Ammothamnus, and Echinosophora are embedded within Sophora s.s. and that nine well-supported clades can be recognized within comprise Sophora s.l. Ancestral character state estimation revealed that the most recent common ancestor of Sophora s.l. was a deciduous shrub that lacks rhizome spines and has unwinged legumes. Divergence times estimation and ancestral area reconstruction showed that Sophora s.l. originated in Central Asia and/or adjacent Southeast China in the early Oligocene (ca. 31 Mya) and dispersed from these regions into East and South Asia's adjacent areas and North America via the Bering land bridge. The analyses also supported a South American origin for S. sect. Edwardsia, which experienced rapid radiation with its major lineages diversifying over a relatively narrow timescale (8 Mya).

11.
Chemosphere ; 318: 137918, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702407

RESUMO

Azoxystrobin, a high-efficiency and broad-spectrum strobilurin fungicide, has been widely used in global agricultural production. However, the effects of azoxystrobin on soil micro-organisms have scarcely been studied, and relevant experiments are usually conducted under laboratory conditions using active ingredient. Therefore, the effects of azoxystrobin on soil micro-organisms when applied to actual farmland are unknown. We sought to address this knowledge gap in this study, where we studied the effects of azoxystrobin on soil micro-organisms in a wheat-corn rotation field over two years. The results indicate that after two years of azoxystrobin application the activities of soil enzymes were inhibited, and the abundance of functional genes related to the nitrogen and carbon cycle were inhibited, which change the abundance of soil microbial bacteria of genera. As a consequence, the soil nitrogen and carbon cycles were disturbed. In addition, azoxystrobin inhibited the abundance of functional bacteria related to organic pollutant degradation and soil metabolism, where the rate of azoxystrobin degradation diminished over time. Moreover, azoxystrobin significantly inhibited the soil-culturable microbial population. The integrated biomarker response (IBR) indicated that the soil-culturable microbial population can be used as a sensitive indicator of the effect of azoxystrobin on soil micro-organisms. The final levels of azoxystrobin residues measured in grains were less than 0.004 mg/kg, lower than the maximum residue limits in European Union and China. The results of this study provide a basis for suggestions regarding the appropriate use of azoxystrobin in addition to support for elucidating the interaction between biological macromolecules and pollutants.

12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 232: 123475, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36720325

RESUMO

Steam explosion coupling high-temperature short-time sterilization (SE-HTST) was exploited to modify cellulosic biomass medium properties and promote high-solid fermentation (HSF). Biomass characterization analysis showed that SE-HTST enlarged microstructural pores and cavities in solid media, providing more effective space for microbial growth. Meanwhile, SE-HTST helped to release glucose from the cellulose with 35.8 ± 4.5, 20.0 ± 2.3, and 12.3 ± 5.7 mg glucose/g dry medium at 24, 48, and 72 h of fermentation, which were 3.1, 2.3, and 1.5 times higher than that in medium from conventional thermal sterilization (CTS), respectively. SE-HTST increased the viable cell and spore number of Bacillus subtilis by 1.8 and 1.6 times at 72 h of fermentation compared to CTS. Moreover, the expressions of master transcriptional gene spo0A and the early sigma factors of sigF and sigE genes gradually increased in the SE-HTST medium, showing enhanced sporulation in HSF. Therefore, SE-HTST is an effective strategy for facilitating cellulose degradation, improving glucose nutrients in biomass medium, and promoting sporulation-regulatory gene expression during high-solid fermentation, which enhances the production of microbial ecological agents using B. subtilis significantly.

13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2203391, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36717282

RESUMO

Future renewable energy supply and a cleaner Earth greatly depend on various crucial catalytic reactions for the society. Atomically dispersed metal site electrocatalysts (ADMSEs) have attracted tremendous research interest and are considered as the next-generation promising oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalysts due to the maximum atom utilization efficiency, tailorable catalytic sites, and tunable electronic structures. Despite great efforts have been devoted to the development of ADMSEs, the systematic summary for design principles of high-efficiency ADMSEs is not sufficiently highlighted for ORR. In this review, the authors first summarize the fundamental ORR mechanisms for ADMSEs, and further discuss the intrinsic catalytic mechanism from the perspective of theoretical calculation. Then, the advanced characterization techniques to identify the active sites and effective synthesis methods to prepare catalysts for ADMSEs are also showcased. Subsequently, a special emphasis is placed on effective strategies for the rational design of the advanced ADMSEs. Finally, the present challenges to be addressed in practical application and future research directions are also proposed to overcome the relevant obstacles for developing high-efficiency ORR electrocatalysts. This review aims to provide a deeper understanding for catalytic mechanisms and valuable design principles to obtain the advanced ADMSEs for sustainable energy conversion and storage techniques.

14.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 31: 224-240, 2023 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700042

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a heterogeneous disease and a leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Discovering robust, clinically relevant molecular classifications is critical for guiding personalized therapies for GC. Here, we propose a refined molecular classification scheme for GC using integrated optimal algorithms and multi-omics data. Based on the important features of mRNA, microRNA, and DNA methylation data selected by the multivariate Cox regression model, three subtypes linked to distinct clinical outcomes were identified by combining similarity network fusion and consensus clustering methods. Three subtypes were validated by an extreme gradient boosting machine learning prediction model with 125 differentially expressed genes in multiple independent cohorts. The molecular characteristics of mutation signatures, characteristic gene sets, driver genes, and chemotherapy sensitivity for each subtype were also identified: subtype 1 was associated with favorable prognosis and characterized by high ARID1A and PIK3CA mutations, subtype 2 was associated with a poor prognosis and harbored high recurrent TP53 mutations, and subtype 3 was associated with high CHD1, APOA1 mutations, and a poor prognosis. The proposed three-subtype scheme achieved a better clinical prediction performance (area under the curve value = 0.71) than The Cancer Genome Atlas classification, which may provide a practical subtyping framework to improve the treatment of GC.

15.
Gastroenterology ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The incidence of biopsy-confirmed celiac disease has increased. However, few studies have explored the incidence of celiac autoimmunity based on positive serology results. METHODS: A population-based cohort study assessed testing of tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG-IgA) in Alberta from 2012 to 2020. After excluding prevalent cases, incident celiac autoimmunity was defined as the first positive tTG-IgA result between 2015 and 2020. Testing and incidence rates for celiac autoimmunity were calculated per 1000 and 100,000 person-years, respectively. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were calculated to identify differences by demographic and regional factors. Average annual percent changes (AAPCs) assessed trends over time. RESULTS: The testing rate of tTG-IgA was 20.2 per 1000 person-years and remained stable from 2012 to 2020 (AAPC, 1.2%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.5 to 2.9). Testing was higher in female patients (IRR, 1.66; 95% CI, 1.65-1.66), those living in metropolitan areas (IRR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.38-1.40), and in areas of lower socioeconomic deprivation (lowest compared to highest IRR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.23-1.25). Incidence of celiac autoimmunity was 33.8 per 100,000 person-years and increased from 2015 to 2020 (AAPC, 6.2%; 95% CI, 3.1-9.5). Among those with tTG-IgA results ≥10 times the upper limit of normal, the incidence was 12.9 per 100,000 person-years. The incidence of celiac autoimmunity was higher in metropolitan settings (IRR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.21-1.35) and in the least socioeconomically deprived areas compared to the highest (IRR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.14-1.32). CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of celiac autoimmunity is high and increasing, despite stable testing rates. Variation in testing patterns may lead to underreporting the incidence of celiac autoimmunity in nonmetropolitan areas and more socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods.

16.
Fitoterapia ; 165: 105429, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649761

RESUMO

Two previous unreported fusicoccane diterpenoids macrostines A and B, together with seven known compounds were isolated from an extract of the fungus Periconia macrospinosa WTG-10. Their structures were elucidated by detailed analysis of spectroscopic data, NMR calculations with DP4+, and their absolute configurations were further determined by quantum chemical calculations of ECD spectra or X-crystallography. Macrostines A and B showed no cytotoxicity, antimicrobial activity and inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production in LPS-activated RAW264.7 macrophages. Compound 9 showed moderate activity against Bacillus subtilis.

17.
Sleep Breath ; 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607542

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder that may lead to cognitive impairment. The primary pathophysiological feature of OSA is chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), but the underlying mechanisms of CIH are not known. There have been few studies on the role of ferroptosis, a novel form of programmed cell death, during CIH-induced cognitive impairment. Therefore, this paper examined ferroptosis' effect on CIH-mediated cognitive impairment. METHODS: The study randomized twenty-four Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats to control or CIH group. CIH rats were subjected to intermittent hypoxia for 4 weeks. Rat learning and memory were analyzed by the Morris water maze (MWM) test. Alterations of hippocampal neuronal ultrastructure were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Malondialdehyde (MDA) and ferrous iron (Fe2+) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reduced glutathione (GSH) contents were determined. Ferroptosis-associated protein levels were examined by Western blotting. RESULTS: The MWM test indicated that rats in the CIH group exhibited neurocognitive impairment. TEM showed that CIH induced mitochondrial damage. Significant increases in Fe2+ and MDA levels were observed in the CIH group, and GSH and SOD levels were decreased. Expression of Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) increased, and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) protein levels were decreased, suggesting that ferroptosis was induced in CIH model rats. The NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) protein level in the CIH group was decreased. CONCLUSION: Ferroptosis had an essential effect on CIH-mediated cognitive impairment, and it may occur via Nrf2 dysregulation. These findings lay a solid foundation for the subsequent study of OSA-associated cognitive impairment offering potential evidence for the development of therapeutic strategies.

18.
J Cancer ; 14(1): 129-139, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36605489

RESUMO

Background: Hit network-target sets (HNSs), compiled sets of different network nodes of the same type, are available and play a significant role in cancer development but are notoriously more difficult to select than a single target. This is due to a combination of challenges attributed to the differential of node interactions, node heterogeneity, and the limitations of node-hit information. Methods: In this study, we constructed a lung adenocarcinoma regulatory network using TCGA data and obtained different HNSs of driver nodes (DNs), core modules (CMs) and core nodes (CNs) through three kinds of methods. Then, the optimized HNS (OHNS) was obtained by integrating CMs, CNs and DNs, and the performance of different HNSs was evaluated according to network structure importance, control capability, and clinical value. Results: We found that the OHNS has two main advantages, the central location of the network and the ability to control the network, and it plays an important role in the disease network through its multifaceted capabilities. Three unique pathways were discovered in the OHNS, which is consistent with previous experiments. Additionally, 13 genes were predicted to play roles in risk prognosis, disease drivers, and cell perturbation effects of lung adenocarcinoma, of which 12 may be candidates for new drugs and biomarkers of lung adenocarcinoma. Conclusion: This study can help us understand and control a network more effectively to determine the development trend of a disease, design effective multitarget drugs, and guide the therapeutic community to optimize appropriate strategies according to different research aims in cancer treatment.

19.
Stem Cell Res ; 67: 103022, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630838

RESUMO

NANOS3 is a zinc-finger containing RNA-binding protein that has been demonstrated to be highly expressed in human primordial germ cell(hPGC), thus NANOS3 can serve as a marker for hPGC development. Due to the ethical and technical restrictions, it is difficult to get primary human germline cells. Human primordial germ cell-like cells (hPGCLCs) generated from pluripotent stem cells is an excellent alternatives in human germ cell-related studies. This hESC line with an mCherry knock-in at the site before NANOS3's stop codon serves as a useful tool to learn human PGC specification.

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