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1.
Cell Transplant ; 29: 963689720904628, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228047

RESUMO

Numerous studies have proposed the transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the treatment of typical type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to find a new strategy with MSC therapy at an early stage of T2DM to efficiently prevent the progressive deterioration of organic dysfunction. Using the high-fat-fed hyperinsulinemia rat model, we found that before the onset of typical T2DM, bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) significantly attenuated rising insulin with decline in glucose as well as restored lipometabolic disorder and liver dysfunction. BM-MSCs also favored the histological structure recovery and proliferative capacity of pancreatic islet cells. More importantly, BM-MSC administration successfully reversed the abnormal expression of insulin resistance-related proteins including GLUT4, phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate 1, and protein kinase Akt and proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNFα in liver. These findings suggested that MSCs transplantation during hyperinsulinemia could prevent most potential risks of T2DM for patients.

2.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134070

RESUMO

The utilization of refractive index (RI) change due to guest-host interactions between the guest volatile organic compound vapor and porous metal-organic frameworks (vapor-MOF interactions) is promising in photonic vapor sensors. Therefore, the study of light-matter interactions in nanoporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is fundamental and essential for MOF-based photonic devices. In this work, the manipulation of light in MOFs to investigate the vapor-MOF interactions by using optical fiber devices is demonstrated. The vapor-MOF interactions and the light-vapor interactions (light in MOFs to sense the RI changes resulting from the vapor-MOF interactions) are investigated. The cladding mode is excited by a long-period fiber grating (LPFG) for evanescent field sensing in a ZIF-8 sensitive coating. The experimental results combining quantum chemical calculations and optical simulations reveal the relationships between the microscopic energy of vapor desorption, RI changes and evanescent field enhancement in ZIF-8 during the vapor-MOF interactions. With exceptionally large RI changes, the evanescent field of cladding mode in ZIF-8 is greatly enhanced to sense the vapor-MOF interactions. As a proof-of-concept, a LPFG sensor with ZIF-8 coating showed a high sensitivity of 1.33 pm ppm-1 in the linear range from 9.8 ppm to 540 ppm for the sensing of ethanol vapor. The investigation of light-matter interactions in ZIF-8 provides a useful guideline for the design and fabrication of MOF-based optical waveguide/fiber sensors.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2091781, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149085

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether the polymorphisms of interleukin-12B (IL-12B) were associated with the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients and Methods. Genotypes of rs17860508 and rs3212227 were determined by polymerase chain reaction with a direct sequencing method in 329 CRC patients and 342 matched healthy control subjects. The expression of IL-12B) were associated with the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Results: Compared with TTAGAG/TTAGAG genotype of rs17860508, the GC/GC and TTAGAG/GC genotypes may significantly increase the risk of CRC (OR = 1.81, 95% CI = 1.18-2.78; OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.01-2.12, respectively). Furthermore, the mRNA levels of IL-12B) were associated with the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). P=0.009) and TTAGAG/TTAGAG (P=0.009) and TTAGAG/TTAGAG (. Conclusion: These data suggested that the rs17860508 GC/GC genotype might upregulate IL-12B expression at the transcriptional level and thus increase the risk of CRC.IL-12B) were associated with the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC).

4.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 4, 2020 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029004

RESUMO

In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named "2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)" by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a never been experienced respiratory disease before and with infection ability widely and quickly, it attracted the world's attention but without treatment and control manual. For the request from frontline clinicians and public health professionals of 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia management, an evidence-based guideline urgently needs to be developed. Therefore, we drafted this guideline according to the rapid advice guidelines methodology and general rules of WHO guideline development; we also added the first-hand management data of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University. This guideline includes the guideline methodology, epidemiological characteristics, disease screening and population prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control (including traditional Chinese Medicine), nosocomial infection prevention and control, and disease nursing of the 2019-nCoV. Moreover, we also provide a whole process of a successful treatment case of the severe 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia and experience and lessons of hospital rescue for 2019-nCoV infections. This rapid advice guideline is suitable for the first frontline doctors and nurses, managers of hospitals and healthcare sections, community residents, public health persons, relevant researchers, and all person who are interested in the 2019-nCoV.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Infecção Hospitalar , Controle de Infecções , Programas de Rastreamento , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Hidratação , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Epidemiologia Molecular , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
5.
Mol Ther ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053770

RESUMO

Caspase-8, a well-characterized initiator of apoptosis, has also been found to play non-apoptotic roles in cells. In this study, we reveal that caspase-8 can induce cell death in a special way, which does not depend on activation of caspases and mitochondrial initiation. Instead, we prove that caspase-8 can cause lysosomal deacidification and thus lysosomal membrane permeabilization. V-ATPase is a multi-subunit proton pump that acidifies the lumen of lysosome. Our results demonstrate that caspase-8 can bind to the V0 domain of lysosomal Vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase), but not the V1 domain, to block the assembly of functional V-ATPase and alkalinize lysosomes. We further demonstrate that the C-terminal of caspase-8 is mainly responsible for the interaction with V-ATPase and can suffice to inhibit survival of cancer cells. Interestingly, regardless of the protein level, it is the expression rate of caspase-8 that is the major cause of cell death. Taken together, we identify a previously unrevealed caspase-8-mediated cell death pathway different form typical apoptosis, which could render caspase-8 a particular physiological function and may be potentially applied in treatments for apoptosis-resistant cancers.

6.
J Exp Med ; 217(3)2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961917

RESUMO

Cancer cells often proliferate under hypoxia and reprogram their metabolism. However, how to find targets to effectively block the hypoxia-associated metabolic pathways remains unclear. Here, we developed a tool to conveniently calculate electrons dissipated in metabolic transformations. Based on the law of conservation of electrons in chemical reactions, we further built up an electron balance model for central carbon metabolism, and it can accurately outline metabolic plasticity under hypoxia. Our model specifies that glutamine metabolism reprogrammed for biosynthesis of lipid and/or proline actually acts as the alternative electron bin to enable electron transfer in proliferating cells under hypoxia. Inhibition of both proline biosynthesis and lipogenesis can synergistically suppress cancer cell growth under hypoxia and in vivo tumor onset. Therefore, our model helps to reveal combinations of potential targets to inhibit tumor growth by blocking hypoxia-rewired metabolism and provides a useful tool for future studies on cancer metabolism.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 10, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery is the only way to cure gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC), and chemotherapy is the basic adjuvant management for GAC. A significant prognostic nomogram for predicting the respective disease-specific survival (DSS) rates of GAC patients who receive surgery and chemotherapy has not been established. OBJECTIVE: We were planning to establish a survival nomogram model for GAC patients who receive surgery and chemotherapy. METHODS: We identified 5764 GAC patients who had received surgery and chemotherapy from the record of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. About 70% (n = 4034) of the chosen GAC patients were randomly assigned to the training set, and the rest of the included ones (n = 1729) were assigned to the external validation set. A prognostic nomogram was constructed by the training set and the predictive accuracy of it was validated by the validation set. RESULTS: Based on the outcome of a multivariate analysis of candidate factors, a nomogram was developed that encompassed age at diagnosis, number of regional lymph nodes examined after surgery, number of positive regional lymph nodes, sex, race, grade, derived AJCC stage, summary stage, and radiotherapy status. The C-index (Harrell's concordance index) of the nomogram model was some larger than that of the traditional seventh AJCC staging system (0.707 vs 0.661). Calibration plots of the constructed nomogram displayed that the probability of DSS commendably accord with the survival rate. Integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) revealed obvious increase and categorical net reclassification improvement (NRI) showed visible enhancement. IDI for 3-, 5- and 10- year DSS were 0.058, 0.059 and 0.058, respectively (P > 0.05), and NRI for 3-, 5- and 10- year DSS were 0.380 (95% CI = 0.316-0.470), 0.407 (95% CI = 0.350-0.505), and 0.413 (95% CI = 0.336-0.519), respectively. Decision curve analysis (DCA) proved that the constructed nomogram was preferable to the AJCC staging system. CONCLUSION: The constructed nomogram supplies more credible DSS predictions for GAC patients who receive surgery and chemotherapy in the general population. According to validation, the new nomogram will be beneficial in facilitating individualized survival predictions and useful when performing clinical decision-making for GAC patients who receive surgery and chemotherapy.

8.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(2): 665-676, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834995

RESUMO

Rigorous model-based analysis can help inform state-level energy and climate policy. In this study, we utilize an open-source energy system optimization model and publicly available data sets to examine future electricity generation, CO2 emissions, and CO2 abatement costs for the North Carolina electric power sector through 2050. Model scenarios include uncertainty in future fuel prices, a hypothetical CO2 cap, and an extended renewable portfolio standard. Across the modeled scenarios, solar photovoltaics represent the most cost-effective low-carbon technology, while trade-offs among carbon constrained scenarios largely involve natural gas and renewables. We also develop a new method to calculate break-even costs, which indicate the capital costs at which specific technologies become cost-effective within the model. Significant variation in break-even costs are observed across different technologies and scenarios. We illustrate how break-even costs can be used to inform the development of an extended renewable portfolio standard in North Carolina. Utilizing the break-even costs to calibrate a tax credit for onshore wind, we find that the resultant wind deployment displaces other renewables, and thus has a negligible effect on CO2 emissions. Such insights can provide crucial guidance to policymakers weighing different policy options. This study provides an analytical framework to conduct similar analyses in other states using an open source model and freely available data sets.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1426, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827440

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the hemostasis and coagulation effect of Hemocoagulase Bothrops Atrox in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients undergoing transurethral bipolar plasmakinetic prostatectomy (TUPKP). Methods: This study adopted a multicenter, prospective, and real world design. BPH patients undergoing TUPKP were divided into two groups according to whether they adopted Hemocoagulase Bothrops Atrox (group B) or not (group A) during perioperative period. The electronic clinical data on every included subject, including the international prostate symptom score (IPSS) and the quality of life scale (QoL), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), complete blood count, coagulation screening test and adverse events, were measured and compared between the two groups. Results: Finally, 695 patients, 443 in group A and 252 in group B were included. Baseline characteristics showed no significant difference between two groups. In group A, compared with baseline, IPSS decreased 15.66 (95% CI = -16.45 to -14.87), QoL decreased 3.08 (95% CI = -3.30 to -2.87), prothrombin time prolonged 1.02 s (95% CI = 0.56 to 1.48), while white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and hemoglobin also significantly changed; white blood cells, neutrophils and platelets increased, while lymphocytes decreased by 0.14×109/L (95% CI = -0.21 to -0.08) before discharge. In group B, compared with baseline, IPSS decreased 16.12 (95% CI = -17.02 to -15.21), QoL decreased 3.32 (95% CI = -3.56 to -3.07), and white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and hemoglobin were also significantly changed, along with white blood cells and lymphocytes that tested before discharge (p < 0.01); however, prothrombin time was not significant prolonged (MD= 0.48, 95% CI = -0.05 to 1.01). When compared with group A and group B, the average hospitalization time in group A was longer than group B (p < 0.01), transfusion risk was similar in the two groups (OR = 1.582, 95% CI = 0.552 to 4.538). Parameters had no substantial difference between the two subgroups whether prostate volume was more than 80 mL or not. Conclusion: Our study indicated that Hemocoagulase Bothrops Atrox can shorten the prothrombin time, hospitalization time and is probably safe among BPH patients undergoing TUPKP, exhibiting fine hemostasis and coagulation efficacy, and would not be influenced by prostate volume.

10.
Mil Med Res ; 6(1): 34, 2019 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both periodontal disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia are age-related diseases that affect millions of people worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the association between periodontal disease and the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. METHODS: A total of 4930 participants were selected from an available health examination that was carried out in 2017, only males were considered for further analysis. All eligible males were divided into benign prostatic hyperplasia and normal groups, the benign prostatic hyperplasia group was then divided into prostate volume ≤ 60 g and > 60 g subgroups; all their periodontal status was extracted and then into normal (CPI score of 0), periodontal disease (CPI score between 1 and 4), and periodontitis (CPI score between 3 and 4) groups. The correlation between periodontal disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia was investigated using logistic regression analyses and greedy matching case-control analysis. Subgroup analysis based on prostate volume was also performed. All analyses were conducted with SAS 9.4 software. RESULTS: A total of 2171 males were selected for this analysis. The presence of periodontal disease significantly increased the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia by 1.68 times (OR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.26-2.24), and individuals with periodontitis showed a higher risk (OR = 4.18, 95% CI: 2.75-6.35). In addition, among matched cases and controls, this association remained robust (periodontal disease: OR = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.30-2.64; periodontitis: OR = 4.83, 95% CI: 2.57-9.07). Subgroup analysis revealed that periodontal disease significantly increased benign prostate hyperplasia risk as well (for prostate volume ≤ 60 g: OR = 1.64, 95% CI: 1.22-2.20; for volume > 60 g: OR = 2.17, 95% CI: 1.04-4.53), and there was a higher risk in the group with a prostate volume greater than 60 g. CONCLUSION: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively associated with an increased risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Further validation studies should be performed to explore the relationship between periodontal treatment and benign prostate hyperplasia.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611792

RESUMO

Background: Childhood leukemia is one of the most common cancers in children. As a potential treatment for leukemia, immunotherapy has become a new research hotspot. This research aimed at exploring the status and trends of current researches on immunotherapy for childhood leukemia through bibliometric analysis. Methods: The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science core collection database was searched for articles on immunotherapy and childhood leukemia using a computer. Time period for retrieval was from the beginning of the database to June 15, 2019. The top 100 highly cited articles were selected to extract their information on publication year, authors, title, publication journal, number of citations, author's affiliations, country, and so on. These general information and bibliometric data were collected for analysis. VOSviewer software was used to generate a figure for keywords' co-occurrence network and a figure for researcher's coauthorship network that visualized reference and cooperation patterns for different terms in the 100 articles. Results: The number of citations in the top 100 articles ranged from 17 to 471. These articles were published in 52 different publications. The top four journals in terms of the number of our selected articles were Leukemia (11 articles), Blood (10 articles), Bone Marrow Transplantation (6 articles), and Clinical Cancer Research. The most frequently nominated author was T. Klingebiel from Goethe University Frankfurt, and of the top 100 articles, 12 listed his name. These top 100 articles were published after the year 2000. Most of these articles were original (67%). The United States and Germany were the major countries researching immunotherapy for childhood leukemia and made significant contributions to the combat against the disease. Adoptive immunotherapy and stem cell transplantation appeared more frequently in keywords. Conclusions: This study analyzed the top 100 highly cited articles on immunotherapy for childhood leukemia and provided insights into the features and research hotspots of the articles on this issue.

13.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 5977-5985, 2019 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Circular RNA (circRNA) is a special long-chain non-coding RNA produced during the process of intracellular RNA splicing. Also, circZNF609 is abundant in human tissues, with multiple functions in human diseases, but its role in colorectal cancer remains unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the expression of circZNF609 in tumor tissue and serum samples from patients with colorectal cancer and in colorectal cancer cell lines. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression of circZNF609 was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) in 45 paired tissue samples from patients with colorectal cancer and 46 serum samples from patients with colorectal cancer and healthy controls, and in the normal human colorectal cell line, FHC, and human colorectal cancer cell lines, HCT116 and HT29. Protein expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), c-Myc, Bax, Bcl-2, and p53 was determined by Western blot. Cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry. RESULTS CircZNF609 was significantly down-regulated in colorectal cancer tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues and in the serum of patients with colorectal cancer compared with healthy controls, verified by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. There was low expression of circZNF609 in HCT116 cells, and overexpression inhibited cell proliferation but had no effect on PCNA and c-Myc protein expression. Expression of circZNF609 induced apoptosis and upregulated expression of the pro-apoptotic protein, Bax, down-regulated the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2, and upregulated p53. CONCLUSIONS Expression of circZNF609 was down-regulated in colorectal cancer tissue and promoted apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells in vitro by upregulating p53.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Células HCT116 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , /metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Regulação para Cima
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(37): 34144-34150, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462038

RESUMO

A hybrid perovskite MAPbCl3 (MA = CH3NH3+) single crystal is considered to be one of the most viable candidates for the development of photodetectors because of its outstanding optoelectronic properties. However, the relatively lower crystalline quality of the reported MAPbCl3 single crystals fabricated by the traditional one-step inverse temperature crystallization results in momentous degradation in the performance of their photodetectors. Here, we present a novel two-step temperature process to fabricate high-quality MAPbCl3 single crystals, namely, lower temperature nucleation and higher temperature crystallization. These MAPbCl3 single crystals present low defect density (∼7.9 × 109 cm-3) commensurate with the best-quality crystals of hybrid organic-inorganic lead halide perovskites reported so far. Moreover, a high-performance ultraviolet photodetector was demonstrated on MAPbCl3 single crystals. At 30 V, the peak responsivity at 415 nm of the photodetector is as high as 3.73 A W-1 (light intensity = 1 mW cm-2), ∼2-3 orders of magnitude higher than that of the previously reported MAPbCl3 photodetectors. Meanwhile, the device has an ultrafast response speed with a rise time of 130 ns, which is one of the shortest values of MAPbX3-based photodetectors. Our findings open a new way to obtain high-quality perovskite single crystals and their high-performance photodetectors.

15.
Am J Mens Health ; 13(4): 1557988319870382, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426706

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate association between body mass index (BMI) and prostate volume (PV), international prostate symptom scores (IPSS), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), and post-void residual (PVR) of Chinese benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients. All newly diagnosed BPH patients between September 2016 and August 2018 were selected and 788 patients were included. According to BMI, the patients were categorized into four groups, while according to PV, IPSS, Qmax, and PVR, they were categorized into two groups based on clinical significant cutoffs. Univariable and multivariable logistic regressions and a restricted cubic spline (RCS) were applied to explore the relationship of BMI with categorical PV, IPSS, Qmax, and PVR. Compared with normal BMI, obesity presented significant association with increased risk of larger PV (>80 ml) in both unadjusted and adjusted models (unadjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.772, 95% CI [1.201, 2.614], p = .004; adjusted OR = 1.912, 95% CI [1.212, 3.017], p = .005); however, underweight or overweight did not present a significant connection with such risk. No significant effect was identified for BMI on IPSS, Qmax, or PVR in either unadjusted or adjusted model. Nonlinear test including BMI using RCS and adjusting for confounders showed no significance (p > .05); however, a significant linear relationship was ascertained between BMI and the risk of larger PV (p < .001). In conclusion, there was a significant linear association between BMI and the risk of larger PV in BPH patients. Hence, this suggests urologists should consider both BMI and PV when providing surgical treatment for BPH patients.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 757, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333470

RESUMO

Objective: Clinical trials are the source of evidence. ClinicalTrials.gov is valuable for analyzing current conditions. Until now, the state of drug interventions for heart infections is unknown. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively assess the characteristics of trials on cardiac-related infections and the status of drug interventions. Methods: The website ClinicalTrials.gov was used to obtain all registered clinical trials on drug interventions for cardiac-related infections as of February 16, 2019. All registration studies were collected, regardless of their recruitment status, research results, and research type. Registration information, results, and weblink-publications of those trials were analyzed. Results: A total of 45 eligible trials were evaluated and 86.7% of them began from or after 2008 while 91.1% of them adopted interventional study design. Of all trials, 35.6% were completed and 15.6% terminated. Besides, 62.2% of interventional clinical trials recruited more than 100 subjects. Meanwhile, 86.7% of the eligible trials included adult subjects only. Of intervention trials, 65.8% were in the third or fourth phase; 78.1% adopted randomized parallel assignment, containing two groups; 53.6% were masking, and 61.0% described treatment. Moreover, 41.5% of the trials were conducted in North America while 29.3% in Europe. Sponsors for 40.0% of the studies were from the industry. Furthermore, 48.9% of the trials mentioned information on monitoring committees, 24.4% have been published online, and 13.3% have uploaded their results. Drugs for treatments mainly contained antibiotics, among which glycopeptides, ß-lactams, and lipopeptides were the most commonly studied ones in experimental group, with the former ones more common. Additionally, 16.2% of the trials evaluated new antimicrobials. Conclusions: Most clinical trials on cardiac-related infections registered at ClinicalTrials.gov were interventional randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for treatment. Most drugs focused in trials were old antibiotics, and few trials reported valid results. It is necessary to strengthen supervision over improvements in results, and to combine antibacterial activity with drug delivery regimens to achieve optimal clinical outcomes.

17.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 18: 1533033819858668, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the expression of kinetochore scaffold 1 (KNL1) in colorectal tumor tissues and to clarify the role of this gene in the proliferation capability of colorectal cancer cells. METHODS: A total of 108 paired colorectal tumor and normal tissue samples were collected from patients with colorectal cancer and subjected to quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry analyses. Expression levels of KNL1 mRNA and protein were compared between tumor and normal tissues, and KNL1 levels were evaluated in relation to the patients' tumor differentiation, sex, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, infiltration depth, age, and tumor location. Survival curves were also constructed and compared between patients with tumor samples with and without KLN1 protein expression. KNL1 was under-expressed in colorectal cancer cells in vitro using lentiviral transfection with short hairpin RNA, and its function was evaluated by proliferation, colony-formation, and apoptosis assays. Expression levels of BUB1 protein were also compared between tumor and normal tissues, and the correlation between KNL1 expression and BUB1 expression in colorectal cancer tissues was examined. RESULTS: KNL1 mRNA and protein were both highly expressed in colorectal tumor tissues compared with paired normal tissues. KNL1 downregulation significantly inhibited colorectal cancer cell proliferation and colony formation, and promoted apoptosis. KNL1 protein expression was significantly associated with tumor differentiation, but not with sex, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, infiltration depth, age, or tumor location. KNL1 protein expression was also significantly associated with poorer survival. Moreover, there was a significant correlation between KNL1 and BUB1 in colorectal cancer tissues. CONCLUSIONS: KNL1 plays an effective role in decreasing apoptosis and promoting the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells, suggesting that its inhibition may represent a promising therapeutic approach in patients with colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Apoptose , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/genética , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
18.
IUBMB Life ; 71(10): 1537-1551, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188543

RESUMO

Our study aimed to investigate the effects of lncRNA LOXL1-AS1/miR-let-7a-5p/EGFR-axis on prostate cancer (PCa) progression. Microarray analysis was conducted to determine differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs. Gene Set Enrichment analysis was implemented for verification of dys-regulated signaling pathways between DU-145 cells and doxorubicin-resistant prostate cancer DU-145 cells. Relative expression of lncRNA LOXL1-AS1 in doxorubicin-resistant prostate cancer DU-145 cells was analyzed by qRT-PCR. CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry analysis were employed to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. Cell migration was performed by transwell assay. Furthermore, targeted relationships between lncRNA LOXL1-AS1 and miR-let-7a-5p, as well as miR-let-7a-5p and EGFR were predicted using bioinformatics analysis and validated by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Besides, tumor xenograft assay was utilized for verification of the roles of LOXL1-AS1 in PCa progression in vivo. Microarray analysis showed that lncRNA LOXL1-AS1 and EGFR were both downregulated, while miR-let-7a-5p was upregulated in doxorubicin-resistant prostate cancer DU-145 cells. MiR-let-7a-5p could target both lncRNA LOXL1-AS1 and EGFR to affect PCa progression. Upregulation of lncRNA LOXL1-AS1 promoted cell proliferation and migration, while suppressed cell apoptosis. Besides, it was further confirmed that EGFR was downregulated in drug-resistant PCa cells and negatively correlated with miR-let-7a-5p. Tumor xenograft assay verified that silence of lncRNA LOXL1-AS1 inhibited the tumor growth in vivo in DU-145 cells. Our results demonstrated that the lncRNALOXL1-AS1/miR-let-7a-5p/EGFR axis significantly affected proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of drug-resistant DU-145 Cells, which may provide us with a potential treatment strategy for drug-resistant PCa patients. © 2019 IUBMB Life, 2019.

19.
Front Physiol ; 10: 440, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105578

RESUMO

Objective: Published evidence showed that periodontal disease is associated with hypertension. However, relevant findings remain controversial, with few evidences focusing on Chinese population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontal disease and hypertension in Chinese population. Methods: A total of 4,930 participants from an available health examination that was carried out in 2017 were selected for this retrospective study. The correlations between periodontal disease and hypertension were investigated using univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses and propensity score adjusted analysis. Interaction and subgroup analyses were also used to detect variable factors. Results: Finally, a total of 3,952 participants aged 30-68 years were eligible for this study. The results showed that hypertension risk was statistically significant associated with periodontal disease either in unadjusted (OR = 1.28, 95%CI = 1.14-1.47) or in adjusted (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.14-1.58) model. Result from propensity score adjusted analysis also demonstrated a similar association (OR = 1.23, 95%CI = 1.06-1.42). Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively correlated with increased risk of hypertension in Chinese population, and exact mechanisms of this association should be explored in future.

20.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 3298-3302, 2019 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND alpha-actinin-4 (Actinin-4 or ACTN4), originally identified as an actin-binding protein associated with the biological function of cancer cells, appears to be highly expressed in numerous human epithelial carcinomas, including breast cancer (BC). In the present study we assessed the role of serum ACTN4 as a biomarker for BC diagnosis, as well as the association between ACTN4 levels and clinicopathological features. MATERIAL AND METHODS ACTN4 expression level was measured with quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis in serum specimens of 128 BC patients and 96 healthy volunteers. χ² testing was conducted to explore the association of ACTN4 levels with clinicopathologic factors. Moreover, the diagnostic value of ACTN4 was analyzed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS Serum ACTN4 level was obviously upregulated in patients with BC compared with healthy controls (P<0.05). High ACTN4 expression was significantly associated with clinical stage (P=0.000), tumor grade (P=0.004), and lymph node status (P=0.024). However, no association was found between ACTN4 expression and age, tumor size, ER status, PR status, or HER-2 status (all P>0.05). The ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of ACTN4 was 0.887 (95%CI: 0.843-0.931), with sensitivity of 80.5% and specificity of 84.4%, and the cutoff value was 1.050. CONCLUSIONS ACTN4 in serum can serve as a clinical predictor in the diagnosis or prediction of clinical outcomes of patients with BC.


Assuntos
Actinina/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos
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