Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.884
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(2): 179-182, 2022 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphological characteristics of Dermatophagoides farinae at different developmental stages. METHODS: The cultured D. farinae was isolated, and the external morphological features of mites at various developmental stages were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), including egg, larva, nymph and adult stages. RESULTS: The D. farinae egg appeared a long oval shape, and the larval mites had three pairs of legs. The nymph had four pairs of legs and underdeveloped genital pores containing genital setae and anal setae, and adult mites appeared long and oval in shape, with decorative patterns on epidermis, and had four pairs of legs. In male adult mites, remarkable thickening of the leg I and thicker and longer leg III than the leg IV were seen, and ventral genital regions were found between the basal segments of legs III and IV; the anus was surrounded by a circular peri-anal ring, with a pair of anal suckers and anal setae within the ring. In the female adult mites, slender legs III and IV with an equal length were seen, and a "λ-shape" genital hole was observed on the ventral surface, with a crescent-like genital plate in the anterior part, and the anus appeared a longitudinal slit. CONCLUSIONS: An SEM observation of the external morphology of D. farinae provides understandings of the morphological characteristics of D. farinae, which is of great significance for the classification and identification.

2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(2): 194-199, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537844

RESUMO

Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease caused by infections with larval Echinococcus. The life cycle of Echinococcus involves a variety of animal hosts, including hoofed animals and rodents as intermediate hosts and carnivores as definitive hosts. The transmission of human echinococcosis is closely associated with the life cycle of E. granulosus and E. multilocularis among animal hosts in nature. This review summarizes the recent advances in the prevalence and influencing factors of E. granulosus and E. multilocularis infections in animal hosts, so as to provide insights into precision control of echinococcosis.

5.
Front Immunol ; 13: 853213, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493464

RESUMO

Recent transcriptomics and metagenomics studies showed that tissue-infiltrating immune cells and bacteria interact with cancer cells to shape oncogenesis. This interaction and its effects remain to be elucidated. However, it is technically difficult to co-quantify immune cells and bacteria in their respective microenvironments. To address this challenge, we herein report the development of a complete a bioinformatics pipeline, which accurately estimates the number of infiltrating immune cells using a novel Particle Swarming Optimized Support Vector Regression (PSO-SVR) algorithm, and the number of infiltrating bacterial using foreign read remapping and the GRAMMy algorithm. It also performs systematic differential abundance analyses between tumor-normal pairs. We applied the pipeline to a collection of paired liver cancer tumor and normal samples, and we identified bacteria and immune cell species that were significantly different between tissues in terms of health status. Our analysis showed that this dual model of microbial and immune cell abundance had a better differentiation (84%) between healthy and diseased tissue. Caldatribacterium sp., Acidaminococcaceae sp., Planctopirus sp., Desulfobulbaceae sp.,Nocardia farcinica as well as regulatory T cells (Tregs), resting mast cells, monocytes, M2 macrophases, neutrophils were identified as significantly different (Mann Whitney Test, FDR< 0.05). Our open-source software is freely available from GitHub at https://github.com/gutmicrobes/PSO-SVR.git.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transcriptoma , Algoritmos , Bactérias/genética , Biologia Computacional , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Software , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(5): 540-546, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484679

RESUMO

With the advent of the era of big data, artificial intelligence based on machine learning, especially artificial neural network has rapidly developed and applicated in the field of stomatology, owning huge potential in segmentation and labelling of three-dimensional intraoral anatomical features. Automatic segmentation, labelling and diagnosis can assist dentists and technicians to complete heavy and repeat work, change stomatology from subjective perception to objective science, and help to make diagnosis and treatment plan efficiently and accurately. This review briefly summarized related knowledge and development of machine learning and artificial neural network, its application status and existing problems in the field of segmentation and labelling of three-dimensional intraoral anatomical features, and provided an outlook of its future development.

7.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(4): 390-396, 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35368165

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of microRNA-126 (miR-126) on the polarization of human monocyte-derived macrophages stimulated by Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods: Macrophages derived from human myeloid leukemia mononuclear cells were stimulated by Pg-LPS (5 mg/L) and by Pg-LPS (5 mg/L) after 24 h-transfection of miR-126 mimic or negative control RNA for 48 h, respectively. Real-time quantitative-PCR (qRT-PCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting were conducted to detect the changes in miR-126, pro-inflammatory factor tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), anti-inflammatory factors interleukin-10 (IL-10), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), arginase-1 (Arg-1) and M1 polarization-related pathways such as nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. Results: Compared with non-LPS stimulation group (TNF-α: 1.000±0.020, iNOS: 1.125±0.064, miR-126: 1.004±0.113, IL-10: 1.003±0.053, Arg-1: 1.130±0.061), the mRNA levels of TNF-α (3.105±0.278) and iNOS (4.296±0.003) increased significantly (t=6.53, P=0.003; t=42.63, P<0.001, respectively), while miR-126, IL-10 and Arg-1 expressions (0.451±0.038, 0.545±0.004 and 0.253±0.017) decreased significantly (t=7.95, P=0.001; t=7.36, P=0.002; t=11.94, P<0.001, respectively) after Pg-LPS stimulated by human-derived macrophages for 48 h. The protein expression of iNOS, TNF-α, Arg-1 and IL-10 were consistent at mRNA levels. Meanwhile, the expressions of phospho-NF-κB p65 (p-p65), phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) and phospho-p38 MAPK (p-p38) increased significantly, while the expression of Arg-1 decreased significantly. Compared with the negative controls (scramble RNA) (TNF-α: 1.141±0.197, iNOS: 1.173±0.115, IL-10: 1.032±0.138, Arg-1: 0.933±0.044), the mRNA levels of TNF-α (0.342±0.022) and iNOS (0.588±0.085) expressions significantly decreased (t=5.35, P=0.006; t=5.05, P=0.007), while IL-10 (1.786±0.221) and Arg-1 expressions (2.152±0.229) significantly increased (t=3.71, P=0.021; t=6.21, P=0.003) after Pg-LPS stimulation with miR-126 mimic transfection. The relative protein expressions of iNOS, p-p65, p-ERK and p-p38 significantly decreased (t=13.00, P<0.001; t=6.98, P=0.002; t=10.86, P<0.001; t=8.32, P=0.001), while the protein level of Arg-1 significantly increased (t=12.08, P<0.001). Conclusions: Pg-LPS could promote M1 polarization of macrophages. miR-126 might inhibit the effect of Pg-LPS on the M1 polarization of macrophages through down-regulating NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Macrófagos , MicroRNAs , Polaridade Celular , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Porphyromonas gingivalis , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
8.
S Afr J Surg ; 60(1): 67-69, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451274

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Congenital abnormalities of the biliary system are a consideration in children with biliary symptomatology. The preoperative diagnosis rate is still not satisfactory, despite progresses made in imaging technology, with the potential of biliary tract injury if surgery is indicated. The double gallbladder is a rare developmental abnormality of the biliary tract with several anatomical variations. This abnormality was accurately delineated in a 7-year-old child by MRI/MRCP, allowing the ductal anatomy to be accurately identified and safe laparoscopic cholecystectomies to be performed.


Assuntos
Sistema Biliar , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Criança , Colangiopancreatografia por Ressonância Magnética , Colecistectomia , Humanos
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(3): 391-396, 2022 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381665

RESUMO

The micronucleomics test can comprehensively display a variety of harmful endpoints, such as DNA damage and repair, chromosome breakage or loss and cell growth inhibition, with fast, simple and economical feature. Micronucleomics is not only widely used in the comprehensive assessment of the types and modes of genetic action of exogenous chemicals (such as drugs, food additives, cosmetics, environmental pollutants, etc.), but also plays an important role in the screening and risk assessment of cancer population at high risk. However, the traditional micronucleomics image counting method has the characteristics of time-consuming, low accuracy, and high cost, which cannot meet the current analysis requirements of large-scale, multi-index, rapidity, high precision and visualization. In recent years, with the rapid development of the era of precision medicine based on big data, visualized analysis of new micronucleomics based on machine learning and detection strategies based on deep learning have shown a good application prospect. This review, based on the application value of micronucleomics, systematically compares the traditional and new artificial intelligence counting of micronucleus images, and discusses the future direction of micronucleus image detection.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Big Data , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Medicina de Precisão
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(3): 397-400, 2022 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381666

RESUMO

This study analyzed the characteristics and change trend of Guangzhou citizens' demands related to vaccination through government hotlines 12345 and 12320 from 2018 to 2020. It understood the hotspots and needs of the public for vaccination work, analyzed the problems existing in vaccination work, and provided reference and suggestions for health departments to improve vaccination services and formulate relevant policies: to timely improve the professional ability and knowledge reserve of hotline personnel; to strengthen the construction of vaccination service system;to optimize the appointment vaccination service application; to scientifically purchase HPV vaccine and ensure the production and supply of vaccine.


Assuntos
Linhas Diretas , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Governo , Humanos , Vacinação
11.
Stem Cells ; 2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429397

RESUMO

Lung maturation is not limited to proper structural development, but also includes differentiation and functionality of various highly specialized alveolar cell types. Alveolar type 1 cells (AT1s) occupy nearly 95% of the alveolar surface and are critical for establishing efficient gas exchange in the mature lung. AT1 cells arise from progenitors specified during the embryonic stage as well as alveolar epithelial progenitors expressing surfactant protein C (Sftpc pos cells) during postnatal and adult stages. Previously, we found that Wnt5a, a non-canonical Wnt ligand, is required for differentiation of AT1 cells during the saccular phase of lung development. To further investigate the role of Wnt5a in AT1 cell differentiation, we generated and characterized a conditional Wnt5a gain-of-function mouse model. Neonatal Wnt5a gain-of-function disrupted alveologenesis through inhibition of cell proliferation. In this setting Wnt5a downregulated beta-catenin-dependent canonical Wnt signaling, repressed AT2 (anti-AT2) and promoted AT1 (pro-AT1) lineage-specific gene expression. In addition, we identified two subpopulations of Sftpc high and Sftpc low alveolar epithelial cells. In Sftpc low cells, Wnt5a exhibits pro-AT1 and anti-AT2 effects, concurrent with inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling. Interestingly, in the Sftpc high subpopulation, although increasing AT1 lineage-specific gene expression, Wnt5a gain-of-function did not change AT2 gene expression, nor inhibit canonical Wnt signaling. Using primary epithelial cells isolated from human fetal lungs we demonstrate that this property of Wnt5a is evolutionarily conserved. Wnt5a therefore serves as a selective regulator that ensures proper AT1/AT2 balance in the developing lung.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35325947

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether the contralateral normal external auditory canal (EAC) skin graft can maintain the ear canal health after EAC reconstruction in unilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA) cases. Methods: A Zelen design randomized controlled study was used to collect unilateral CAA patients for EAC reconstruction prospectively (clinical trial registration number: ChiCTR2000032103). The patients were randomly divided into the control group and the trial group. The trial group used the contralateral normal EAC skin graft group (transplant part of the contralateral normal EAC skin to repair the atresia side for unilateral CAA patients), the control group all used scalp blade thick skin. We observed the EAC health and hearing results of the two groups after EAC reconstruction. Results: A total of 13 cases were enrolled from July 2020 to August 2021. There were eight patients in the trial group, including six males and two females, with an average age of 22.3 years (14-36 years). There were two patients with CAA on the left and six patients on the right. The average follow-up time was 8.8 months (4-14 months). There were five patients in the control group, all cases were male with an average age of 16.2 years (12-20 years). There were four patients with CAA on the left and one patient on the right. The average follow-up time was 7.0 months (2-14 months). In the trial group, eight cases of reconstructed EAC epithelium were healthy, one patient had cicatricial stenosis of EAC opening and lateralization of the tympanic membrane. The other patient had cicatricial stenosis of reconstructed EAC, this case also had scar hyperplasia of the contralateral EAC opening but recovered after soft packing and triamcinolone acetonide injection treatment. The healthy side EAC of the rest trial group had no scarring stenosis or local bone hyperplasia during long-term follow-up. In the control group, one patient was lost to follow-up and the other four patients had dry ears of reconstructed EAC, but easily to form crusts and needed to be cleaned repeatedly, one patient had lateralization of the tympanic membrane, the EAC epithelium was not healthy for long-term follow-up. The incidence of complications related to EAC reconstruction was lower than previous studies (χ²=5.55, P=0.018), and the average postoperative Air-Bone Gap increased (18.8±10.0)dB. Conclusion: By optimizing the EAC reconstruction technology, the health of the reconstructed EAC is improved compared with the previous study. After active intervention and treatment, there should be no scarring stenosis or local bone hyperplasia on the contralateral side EAC.


Assuntos
Meato Acústico Externo , Transplante de Pele , Adolescente , Adulto , Orelha/anormalidades , Orelha/cirurgia , Meato Acústico Externo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Timpanoplastia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35339330

RESUMO

The treatment of tumour recurrence or severe surgical complications in the head and neck region is often very complicated and limited. In particular, there is no suitable reconstruction strategy for patients whose necks are poor in blood vessels and whose anterolateral thigh (ALT) donor areas concurrently have only one available perforating branch. Therefore, a 'flow-through' technique was applied to fabricate chimeric ALT flaps for such patients. An ipsilateral tensor fascia lata flap was anastomosed to the distal end of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. Six patients were included in this study. All fabricated chimeric flaps were successfully prepared and remained viable. After follow-up (range 3-38 months), the patients were satisfied with their appearance and the incision lines had healed well. In patients with through-and-through defects of the face and with anatomical variations in the donor area, chimeric ALT flaps fabricated via the flow-through technique can provide double flaps and longer vascular pedicles, thereby enabling reconstruction.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although hyperhidrosis is a common symptom in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), no study has yet examined it longitudinally. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a 3-year prospective cohort study to investigate the development, evolution and correlates of hyperhidrosis in patients with PD. METHODS: A total of 224 patients with early-stage PD were enrolled at baseline and followed up annually for three consecutive years. Hyperhidrosis was assessed using hyperhidrosis question (item 30) of the Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS). The generalized estimating equations model was applied to investigate the correlates of both presence and severity of hyperhidrosis. RESULTS: The frequency of hyperhidrosis in PD had an overall increasing tendency from 24.1% at baseline to 34.4% after 3 years, although hyperhidrosis was not always persistent in all patients over the 3-year study period. The presence of hyperhidrosis was found to be associated with dyskinesia (OR 2.27 [1.02-5.04], P = 0.045), the sexual function domain subscore of the NMSS (OR 1.04 [1.01-1.07], P = 0.016), the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) score (OR 1.08 [1.03-1.13], P = 0.001) and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III score (OR 1.02 [1.00-1.04], P = 0.036). Only the HARS score was associated with the severity of hyperhidrosis (B 0.08 [0.03-0.12], P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Hyperhidrosis is common in PD, and its frequency increases along with disease duration. Hyperhidrosis in PD is associated not only with motor severity and motor complication such as dyskinesia, but also with non-motor symptoms such as sexual dysfunction and anxiety.

15.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(3): 280-286, 2022 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35280006

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) and analyze their treatment methods. Methods: From January 2000 to December 2020, patients with CCD who completed comprehensive treatment in the Department of Orthodontics and the First Dental Clinic, School and Hospital of Stomatology, China Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 14 CCD patients [7 males and 7 females, aged (16.1±4.5) years] were collected. There were 153 impacted permanent teeth in this study. In addition to the teeth that needed to be extracted due to special conditions, 147 impacted teeth were pulled into the dentition using closed traction. Patients were divided into adolescent group (≥12 years and<18 years, 10 patients) and adult group (≥18 years, 4 patients). Failure rate of traction was compared between the two groups. Factors affecting the success rate of closed traction such as vertical position of teeth (high, middle and low) and horizontal position of the teeth (palatal, median and buccal) were analyzed. Results: The incidence of maxillary impacted teeth [69.3% (97/140)] was higher than that of mandibular impacted teeth [40% (56/140)]. The difference was statistically significant (χ2=24.22, P<0.001). The supernumerary teeth were mainly located in the premolar area 61.4% (21/44), and most of them were in the palatal region of the permanent teeth 95.5% (42/44). They were generally located at the same height or the occlusal side of the corresponding permanent teeth. The success rate of closed traction was 93.9% (138/147). The success rate in the adolescent group [98.2% (108/110)] was higher than that in the adult group [81.1% (30/37)], and the difference was significant (χ2=14.09, P<0.05). Failure after closed traction of 9 teeth was found totally, including 7 second premolars. The success rate of traction in impacted second premolars at different vertical (χ2=11.44, P<0.05) and horizontal (χ2=9.71, P<0.05) positions in alveolar bone was different significantlly. The success rates of the second premolars were high (15/16), middle (12/13), low (2/7), and lingual palatine (10/17), median (19/19), lip-buccal (0/0), respectively. Conclusions: The closed traction of impacted teeth in patients with CCD was effective, and the age was the main variable affecting the outcome. The success rate of traction in impacted second premolars located in low position vertically or in palatal position was low, which required close observation during treatment.


Assuntos
Displasia Cleidocraniana , Dente Supranumerário , Adolescente , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Criança , Displasia Cleidocraniana/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dente Supranumerário/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Dent Res ; : 220345221078775, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259939

RESUMO

The parathyroid and thymus are derived from the common primordia, the third pharyngeal pouch. During their development, endodermal cells actively interact with surrounding mesenchymal cells, mainly derived from neural crest cells (NCCs). However, the mechanism by which NCCs regulate the development of the third pharyngeal pouch remains largely unknown. In this study, we showed that fibronectin 1 (Fn1), which is synthesized by NCCs, modulates the functions of NCCs in the third pharyngeal pouch patterning and in the morphogenesis of the thymus/parathyroid. Loss of Fn1 in NCCs leads to decreased Foxn1 expression in the presumptive thymus domain at E11.5. In the mutant, we detected upregulation of the Hedgehog signaling activity in the presumptive parathyroid domain and downregulation of Bmp4 in the presumptive thymus domain. Tbx1, a Hedgehog signaling target gene in endoderm development, was ectopically expanded to the presumptive mutant thymus domain at E11.5. Fgf10, an important gene regulating the proliferation of endoderm development, was downregulated in the mutant NCCs. At later organogenesis stages, derivatives of the third pharyngeal pouch endoderm of mutant embryos were abnormal, showing conditions such as hypoparathyroidism, hypoplastic thymus, and ectopic thymus and parathyroid. These data support that Fn1 plays an important role in NCCs by regulating the patterning of the third pharyngeal pouch and morphogenesis of the thymus/parathyroid.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35255560

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the help seeking efficacy and social assistance willingness of medical staff during major public health events, so as to provide basis for improving the psychological resources and service quality of medical staff and further optimizing the prevention and treatment policies. Methods: In February 2020, a convenient sampling method was used to conduct an online questionnaire survey on medical staff in Henan Province, and a total of 2136 questionnaires were collected. Among them, there were 1940 valid questionnaires, and the effective recovery rate was 90.82%. The questionnaire of help seeking efficacy and willingness to social assistance under epidemic situation was used to investigate the help seeking efficacy and willingness of medical staff. The frequency and rate (%) were used to analyze the overall situation of medical staff's help seeking efficacy and social assistance willingness. The differences among different demographic variables were tested by χ(2) test. Results: Among the 1940 medical and nursing staff, 18.81% (365/1940) did not know how to obtain appropriate psychological assistance. Compared with the low age group, the medical staff in the high age group had the ability of information query, the ability to occupy knowledge resources, the ability to distinguish rumors and facts and the sense of efficacy of obtaining appropriate medical help, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . The willingness of medical and nursing staff to actively cooperate with the government, maintain social stability and volunteer work were 99.43% (1929/1940) , 98.81% (1917/1940) and 97.11% (1884/1940) . Conclusion: The medical staff had a higher sense of help seeking efficacy and willingness to social assistance. It is necessary to further strengthen the resource support of psychological, social and humanistic care for medical staff.


Assuntos
Intenção , Saúde Pública , Humanos , Corpo Clínico , Organizações , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 51(4): 296-300, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359039

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and molecular genetics of cyclin D1-negative mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Methods: The clinicopathological features and molecular genetics of CyclinD1-negative MCL diagnosed between January 2016 and July 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Clinical information was collected and analyzed. Results: A total of five Cyclin D1-negative MCL cases from all 212 MCL patients (5/212, 2.4%)were included. There were three male and two female patients,age ranged from 59 to 70 years (median 64 years). All patients presented with nodal lesions. None of the patients had B symptoms but four had bone marrow involvement. Histopathologically, four cases were classic MCL and one case was pleomorphic variant type. All five cases were negative for Cyclin D1 but SOX-11 were positive in all cases. CD5 was positive in four cases and one case was weakly positive for CD23. CD10 and bcl-6 were negative in all cases. CCND1 translocation was identified in three cases and CCND2 translocation in one case by FISH analysis. However,CCND3 translocations were not found in the five cases. Conclusions: Cyclin D1-negative MCL are uncommon, its accurate diagnosis needs combined analysis with morphologic and immunophenotypic characteristics and genetic changes. It may be particularly difficult to distinguish from other small cell type B cell lymphomas. FISH analyses for CCND1/CCND2/CCND3 translocations and immunohistochemistry for SOX-11 are helpful to resolve such a difficult distinction.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Idoso , Ciclina D1/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Biologia Molecular
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35274365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is an acquired depigmentation disease of the skin due to melanocyte destruction. A shared pathogenesis affecting melanocytes in the cochlea has been postulated. However, the association between vitiligo and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between vitiligo and SNHL. METHODS: This retrospective, nationwide cohort study included patients with vitiligo and age-, sex- and comorbidities-matched controls (propensity score matching; 1:4 ratio) from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2013. RESULTS: In total, 13 048 patients with vitiligo and 52 192 controls were included. SNHL developed in 0.61% patients with vitiligo and 0.29% controls. After adjusting for sex, age and comorbidities, a significant association between vitiligo and SNHL was found (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.66-2.86). The other risk factors for developing SNHL included increased age, male sex, hyperlipidaemia, coronary artery disease and diffuse connective tissue diseases. In subgroup analysis, the association between vitiligo and SNHL remained significant in almost all the subgroups. CONCLUSION: A 2.2-fold increased risk of developing SNHL was found in patients with vitiligo. Proper referral to otologists for early screening and closer follow-up of SNHL should be considered for patients with vitiligo, especially for patients with older age.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...