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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(2): 351-360, Jan.-May 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153372

RESUMO

Abstract Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most common infection among hospitalized patients, associated with increased levels of morbidity, mortality and attributable health care costs. Increased resistant Pseudomonas worldwide has been quite meaningful to patients, especially in intensive care unit (ICUs). Different species of Pseudomonas exhibit different genetic profile and varied drug resistance. The present study determines the molecular epidemiology through DNA fingerprinting method and drug resistance of P. aeruginosa isolated from patients with LTRIs admitted in ICU. A total of 79 P. aeruginosa isolated from patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU were characterized by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Repetitive Extrapalindromic PCR (REP-PCR). Antibiotic resistance was determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assay while MDR genes, viz, blaTEM, blaOXA, blaVIM, blaCTX-M-15 were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of the 137 Pseudomonas sp isolated from ICU patients, 57.7% of the isolates were reported to be P. aeruginosa. The overall prevalence of P. aeruginosa among the all included patients was 34.5%. The RAPD analysis yielded 45 different patterns with 72 clusters with 57% to 100% similarity level. The RFLP analysis yielded 8 different patterns with 14 clusters with 76% to 100% similarity level. The REP PCR analysis yielded 37 different patterns with 65 clusters with 56% to 100% similarity level. There was no correlation among the different DNA patterns observed between the three different methods. Predominant of the isolates (46.8%) were resistant to amikacin. Of the 79 isolates, 60.8% were positive for blaTEM gene and 39.2% were positive for blaOXA gene. P. aeruginosa was predominantly isolated from patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU. The difference in the similarity level observed between the three DNA fingerprinting methods indicates that there is high inter-strain variability. The high genetic variability and resistance patterns indicates that we should continuously monitor the trend in the prevalence and antibiotic resistance of P. aeruginosa especially in patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU.


Resumo Infecções do trato respiratório inferior (ITRIs) são as infecções mais comuns entre pacientes internados em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). Pseudomonas aeruginosa é a causa mais comum de ITRIs e está associada ao aumento da mortalidade. Diferentes espécies de Pseudomonas exibem diferentes perfis genéticos e resistência variada as drogas. O presente estudo determina a epidemiologia molecular através do método de fingerprinting de DNA e resistência as drogas de P. aeruginosa isoladas de pacientes com LTRIs internados em UTI. Um total de 79 P. aeruginosa isoladas de pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI foram caracterizados por Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos de Restrição (RFLP), DNA Polimórfico Amplificado ao Acaso (RAPD) e PCR Extrapalindrômico Repetitivo (REP-PCR). A resistência aos antibióticos foram determinadas pelos ensaios de concentrações inibitória mínima (MIC), enquanto os genes MDR, blaTEM, blaOXA, blaVIM, blaCTX-M-15 foram detectados pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Das 137 Pseudomonas sp isoladas de pacientes de UTI, 57,7% dos isolados foram relatados como P. aeruginosa. A prevalência geral de P. aeruginosa entre os pacientes incluídos foram de 34,5%. A análise RAPD renderam 45 padrões diferentes com 72 clusters com nível de similaridade de 57% a 100%. A análise RFLP renderam 8 padrões diferentes com 14 clusters com 76% a 100% de similaridade. A análise de PCR do REP produziram 37 padrões diferentes com 65 clusters com nível de similaridade de 56% a 100%. Não houveram correlações entre os diferentes padrões de DNA observados entre os três diferentes métodos. Predominantes dos isolados (46,8%) eram resistentes à amicacina. Dos 79 isolados, 60,8% foram positivos para o gene blaTEM e 39,2% foram positivos para o gene blaOXA. P. aeruginosa foi predominantemente isolado de pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI. A diferença no nível de similaridade observado entre os três métodos de fingerprinting do DNA indica que há alta variabilidade inter-strain. A alta variabilidade genética e os padrões de resistência indicam que devemos monitorar continuamente a tendência na prevalência e resistência a antibióticos de P. aeruginosa, especialmente em pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI.

2.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(5): 446-452, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906274

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the associations between serum uric acid levels during the third trimester of pregnancy and risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods: In this retrospective study, a cohort of 7 995 pregnant women who were hospitalized for childbirth from January 2014 to January 2019 were collected to compare pregnancy outcomes between subjects with or without hyperuricemia (HUA). A smooth curve analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between uric acid levels and preterm delivery, low birth weight and smaller than gestational age. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, and the interaction of the factors. Results: During the third trimester of pregnancy, the uric acid levels of about 10% pregnant women were over 420 µmol/L. In those with HUA, the median neonatal birth weight was 2 590 (1 790, 3 410) g, the probability of premature birth was 49.81%, and the incidence of small than gestational age was 20.41%. These were significantly different from the women without HUA (the median neonatal birth weight: 3300 (2850, 3640) g; the probability of premature birth 23.09%; the incidence of small than gestational age 6.55%, respectively) (All P<0.001). Maternal uric acid levels were negatively correlated with neonatal birth weight, and positively correlated with the risk of smaller than gestational age. It has a U-shaped association with the probability of premature birth, and the lowest probability of premature birth was at 200-400 µmol/L of the uric acid. Risks of low birth weight (adjusted ß=-5.22, 95%CI-6.46--3.99) and smaller than gestational age (adjusted OR=1.03, 95%CI 1.02-1.04) were increased in the function of uric acid levels. High uric acid, hypertension, oligoamnios and preeclampsia were important risk factors for the adverse pregnancy outcomes. The risk of preterm delivery and low birth weight enhanced when hyperuricemia combined with hypertension and preeclampsia. Conclusions: Serum uric acid level can be used as one of reliable markers for predicting adverse pregnancy outcomes, which might provide theoretical basis for clinical intervention in practice.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Ácido Úrico , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Neurologia ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888329

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The performance of the Low-Profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS) stent deployed following balloon angioplasty is unknown in treating intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis, and this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of the LVIS stent in treating intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis in the middle cerebral artery M1 segment. METHODS: Thirty-five patients were enrolled with 35 atherosclerotic stenoses at the M1 segment. The stenosis was about 75% in 16 patients, 80% in 15, and 90% in the rest four. The LVIS stent was used to treat these patients. RESULTS: The success rate of stenting was 97.1%. The stenting procedure was failed in one patient because of intraprocedural dissection of the stenotic (75%) segment, resulting in a 30-day periprocedural complication rate of 2.9% (1/35). Before stenting, the stenosis rate ranged 75%-90% (mean 78.9%±4.7%), and after stenting, the diameter of the stented segment was significantly (P<0.0001) increased to 1.5-3.4mm (mean 2.1±0.32mm) ranging 68.2%-100% (mean 94.0%±5.8%) of the normal arterial diameter, with the residual stenosis ranging 0-31.8% (median 4.8%, IQR 2.4%-7.3%). Follow-up was performed at 6-20 months (mean 8.5) after stenting. One patient (2.9%) had occlusion of the stented M1 segment with no symptoms, and two patients (5.7%) had slight asymptomatic instent stenosis (40%) at the M1 segment, with the instent restenosis and occlusion rate of 8.6% (3/35). CONCLUSION: The braided LVIS stent can be safely applied for treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis in the middle cerebral artery with good safety and efficacy immediately after stenting and at follow-up.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832188

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect and satisfaction of using the postauricular tongue-shaped flap combined with deep fascia suspension in correcting severe cup ear malformation. Methods: Between August 2018 and November 2019, nine cases (10 ears) of Tanzer type Ⅲ severe cup ear malformation were treated with postauricular tongue-shaped flap combined with deep fascia suspension in this study. Results: Nine cases primary healed without hematoma, infection or skin necrosis, except one case with postoperative incision dehiscence. The cup ear deformity was significantly improved after the operation, the helix was intact, and the anti-helix was visible. The length, width, and circumference of the auricle were significantly enlarged three months following surgeries. There were no other complications except 1 patient recurrence 12 months after surgery. The patients were highly satisfied with the results of the surgery. Conclusions: Although the aesthctic of the reconstructed auricle is insufficient, this new technology makes full use of the autologous auricle tissue to correct severe cup ear malformation with good results.


Assuntos
Pavilhão Auricular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Pavilhão Auricular/cirurgia , Orelha Externa/cirurgia , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Língua
9.
Stat Med ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845514

RESUMO

Hidden Markov models (HMMs) have been proposed to model the natural history of diseases while accounting for misclassification in state identification. We introduce a discrete time HMM for human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical precancer/cancer where the hidden and observed state spaces are defined by all possible combinations of HPV, cytology, and colposcopy results. Because the population of women undergoing cervical cancer screening is heterogeneous with respect to sexual behavior, and therefore risk of HPV acquisition and subsequent precancers, we use a mover-stayer mixture model that assumes a proportion of the population will stay in the healthy state and are not subject to disease progression. As each state is a combination of three distinct tests that characterize the cervix, partially observed data arise when at least one but not every test is observed. The standard forward-backward algorithm, used for evaluating the E-step within the E-M algorithm for maximum-likelihood estimation of HMMs, cannot incorporate time points with partially observed data. We propose a new forward-backward algorithm that considers all possible fully observed states that could have occurred across a participant's follow-up visits. We apply our method to data from a large management trial for women with low-grade cervical abnormalities. Our simulation study found that our method has relatively little bias and out preforms simpler methods that resulted in larger bias.

12.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 193, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Free flaps are widely used in maxillofacial reconstruction; however, this approach was not feasible in the current case. It was not possible because the free flap method requires microvascular anastomosis expertise, which is difficult, time-consuming and costly. CASE PRESENTATION: An 86-year-old woman suffered squamous cell carcinoma on the right side of her face, which resulted in a large soft-tissue defect. Here, we present a case of facial reconstruction from the inferior margin of the jaw to the top of the head. The size of the defect was 18.5 cm × 7.5 cm, which is rare for a patient of this age in the maxillofacial area. We used the supraclavicular artery island flap (SCAIFP) which measured 19.3 cm × 8.3 cm to repair the defect. After the operation, the flap survived without complications. Then, the patient was followed for 10 months and was satisfied with the aesthetic and functional results at the donor and recipient sites following the tumour resection. The tumour did not recur, and facial nerve function was preserved. CONCLUSION: Our results provide a new choice for the reconstruction of large defects of the head and face, and expand the potential applications of the SCAIFP.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Faciais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Faciais/cirurgia , Feminino , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Artéria Subclávia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(16): 1171-1177, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902249

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of plasma uric acid level on the incident risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among the oldest old (those aged ≥80 years). Methods: Participants were recruited from the Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study (HABCS), which conducted a baseline survey in 2008-2009 and follow-up of 3 times in 2011-2012, 2014, and 2017-2018, respectively. A total of 2 213 oldest old were enrolled in this study. The general demographic, socioeconomic, lifestyle and disease data of the oldest old were collected, and physical measurements were made for the oldest old. Fasting venous blood was collected for uric acid and blood glucose detection. Information on the incident and death of T2DM were collected through the follow-up. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to explore the association of hyperuricemia and plasma uric acid level with the incidence of T2DM. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) function was used to explore the dose-response relationship of plasma uric acid levels with the risk of T2DM. Results: The age of participants was (93.2±7.6) years old, and 66.7% of the participants (1 475) were female. The plasma uric acid level at baseline was (289.1±88.0)µmol/L, and the prevalence of hyperuricemia was 13.3% (294 cases). During 9 years of cumulative follow-up of 7 471 person-years (average of 3.38 years for each), 122 new cases of T2DM occurred and the incidence density was 1 632.98/105 person year. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that per 10µmol/L increase in plasma uric acid level, the risk of T2DM increased by 1.1% [HR (95%CI): 1.011 (1.004, 1.017)]. Compared with the participants with the lowest quintile of plasma uric acid (Q1), the risk of diabetes increased by 20.7 % among the oldest old with uric acid in the highest quintile (Q5) [HR (95%CI):1.207 (1.029, 1.416)]. The risk of T2DM was 19.2% higher in the hyperuricemia group than that in the oldest old with normal plasma uric acid [HR (95%CI): 1.192 (1.033, 1.377)]. RCS function showed that the risk of T2DM increased with the increase in plasma uric acid levels in a nonlinear dose-response relationship (P=0.016). Conclusion: The incident risk of T2DM increases with the elevates of plasma uric acid levels in the oldest old.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Ácido Úrico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Longevidade , Masculino , Plasma , Fatores de Risco
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(5): 2160, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755948

RESUMO

Correction to: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2020; 24 (22): 11939-11944-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202011_23854-PMID: 33275267, published online 30 November, 2020. The authors state that "Figures 3 and 4 were used twice due to a careless mistake during the preparation of Figures". There are amendments to this paper.  The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/23854.

15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(9): 620-623, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685042

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of intraoperative ultrasound-assisted neuroendoscopy for treating hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) via lateral fissure and insula approach. Methods: The clinical data of 66 patients with HICH in basal ganglia who underwent intraoperative ultrasound-assisted neuroendoscopy via lateral fissure and insula approach for hematoma evacuation were retrospectively analyzed, including operative data and follow-up results. All patients had no brain hernia before operation. The hematoma was located by the ultrasound and then the path into the hematoma cavity was determined. Meanwhile, the residual hematoma was also detected by using the ultrasound. The clearance rate of hematoma was observed by CT. Barthel index was used to evaluate the activity of daily living. Results: The amount of residual hematoma was less than 10% in 63 ases and 10%-20% in 3 cases. There were 11 cases of postoperative pneumonia, of whom 9 cases underwent percutaneous tracheotomy. Rebleeding occurred in 2 cases, but the amount was small, and there was no need for reoperation. Meanwhile, there was 1 case of secondary intracranial infection and 1 case of secondary hydrocephalus. No case of cerebral contusion was reported. Half a year after the operation, Barthel Index grading showed that there were 3 cases of grade I, 25 cases of grade Ⅱ, 34 cases of grade Ⅲ, 3 cases of grade Ⅳ and 1 case of death, respectively. Conclusions: Intraoperative ultrasound-assisted neuroendoscopy via lateral fissure and insula approach can improve the efficacy and safety of treatment for HICH.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Neuroendoscopia , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Craniotomia , Hematoma , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(3): 203-209, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685054

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and the safety of intravascular therapy for cerebrovascular ischemic tandem stenosis. Methods: Clinical data of 35 patients with symptomatic anterior circulation and posterior circulation tandem stenosis who received intravascular therapy for two sites of stenosis at the same time at Department of Neurosurgery of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 27 males and 8 females,aged (65.6±9.4)years (range:47 to 81 years).There were 14 cases of anterior circulation tandem stenosis and 21 of posterior circulation tandem stenosis.The medical records were collected with emphasis on postoperative symptoms,imaging manifestations and modified Rankin scale(mRS) scores. Results: Sixty-eight stents were implants in to 35 patients,including 49 extracranial implants and 19 intracranial implants.The surgical success rate was 100%.The perioperative death rate was 0,and 1 patient(1/35,2.9%) had cerebral hemorrhage.All patients were followed up for 18 months.During 3 to 12 months after the intervention,1 case(1/35,2.9%) had stent restenosis,and 4 cases(4/35,11.4%) had persisted symptoms such as dizziness and weakness in limbs.All patients'mRS scores were ≤2. No new stroke occurred. During 12 to 18 months after the intervention,3 cases had in-stent restenosis,increasing the rate to 11.4% (4/35). The mRS scores of 32 patients(32/35,91.4%) were ≤2. Conclusion: Intravascular therapy for patients with symptomatic tandem stenosis is a feasible and safe procedure with good short-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Doenças Arteriais Cerebrais/terapia , Constrição Patológica/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(3): 210-215, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685055

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the strategy and the clinical effect of single stage treatment for intracranial or extracranial artery stenosis with intracranial aneurysm. Methods: The clinical data of 15 patients with intracranial aneurysms and extracranial or intracranial artery stenosis treated by one-stage endovascular therapy at Department of Neurosurgery of Peking University First Hospital from April 2013 to September 2018 were analyzed,respectively.There were 6 males and 9 females,aged (63.9±9.1)years (range:43 to 79 years).Fifteen arterial stenosis were found, including 8 in anterior circulatiion and 7 in posterior circulation, and the stenosis rates ranged from 75% to 95%. There were 17 aneurysms, among which 11 in the anterior circulation and 6 in the posterior.The maximal diameter was (5.3±1.2)mm (range:3 to 7 mm).All patients were treated with stenting and embolization at one stage. The operation choices, perioperative and postoperative symptoms,imaging data and complications were recorded. Results: Stents were successfully implanted into arterial stenosis of 15 cases, reducing the stenosis rates to less than 30%.Among the 17 aneurysms,10 cases were treated by coil embolization alone,7 cases by stenting and coil embolization. Eventually all the 17 aneurysms reached complete embolization.One patient had mild symptoms of the cerebral infarction during the perioperative period,and the rest had not shown surgical complications.The follow-up time was (43.8±8.2)months (range:24 to 85 months). All the patients underwent digital subtraction angiography 6 to 12 months after operation.Among them,2 cases had asymptomatic in-stent restenosis,and no recurrence was found in aneurysms.Up to the last follow-up,no patients had showed new symptoms or signs of intracranial hemorrhage or ischemic stroke. Conclusions: For patients suffered from both stenosis and aneurysms,individualized treatment should be made based on the location and severity of the vascular stenosis and aneurysms.With careful preoperative evaluation and surgical planning,the single stage endovascular treatment for intracranial or extracranial artery stenosis combined with intracranial aneurysm is safe,feasible and effective for selected patients.


Assuntos
Constrição Patológica/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia Cerebral , Artérias Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Cerebrais/cirurgia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/terapia , Constrição Patológica/complicações , Constrição Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33763912

RESUMO

The effects of cigarette smoking on the risk of herpes zoster (HZ) infection remain unclear. This study aimed to examine the association between cigarette smoking and HZ. Participants were collected from four rounds (2001, 2005, 2009 and 2013) of the Taiwan National Health Interview Survey. Incident cases of HZ were identified from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance database. Of the 57 641 participants, 3346 developed HZ during the observation period. After controlling for confounders, current smokers had a lower risk of incident HZ than never-smokers (adjusted hazard ratio 0.69; 95% CI 0.62-0.77). There was a trend toward a decreased risk of HZ with increasing numbers of cigarettes per day, years of smoking and cumulative pack-years of smoking among current smokers (Ptrend < 0.001). Former smoking was not associated with risk of HZ. In conclusion, current smoking was significantly associated with a decreased risk of developing HZ.

19.
Anim Genet ; 52(3): 342-350, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683721

RESUMO

The Z chromosome of the silkworm contains a major gene that influences silk yield. This major locus on chromosome Z accounts for 35.10% of the phenotypic variance. The location and identification of the gene have been a focus of silkworm genetics research. Unfortunately, identification of this gene has been difficult. We used extreme phenotype subpopulations and selected from a backcross population, BC1 M, which was obtained using the high-yield strain 872B and the low-yield strain IS-Dazao as parents, for mapping the gene on the chromosome Z. The candidate region was narrowed down to 134 kb at the tip of the chromosome. BmAbl1 in this region correlated with silk gland development by spatiotemporal expression analysis. This gene was differentially expressed in the posterior silk glands of the high- and low-yield strains. In BmAbl1, an insertion-deletion (indel) within the 10th exonic region and an SNP within the 6th intronic region were detected and shown to be associated with cocoon shell weight in 84 Bombyx mori strains with different yields. Nucleotide diversity analysis of BmAbl1 and its 50 kb flanking regions indicated that BmAbl1 has experienced strong artificial selection during silkworm domestication. This study is the first to identify the genes controlling silk yield in the major QTL of the Z chromosome using forward genetics.

20.
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol ; 45(6): 101637, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although recommended, the P-score used for assessing the pertinence / relevance of findings seen in small bowel (SB) capsule endoscopy (CE) is based on a low level of knowledge. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical relevance of the most frequent SBCE findings through an illustrated script questionnaire. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen types of SBCE findings were illustrated four times each in three different settings (occult and overt obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and suspected Crohn's disease), and with a variable number (n = 1/n = 2-5/n ≥ 6), thus providing a questionnaire with 192 scenarios and 576 illustrated questions. Fifteen international experts were asked to rate the finding's relevance for each question as very unlikely (-2) / unlikely (-1) / doubtful (0) / likely (+1) / very likely (+2). The median score (≤-0.75, between -0.75 and 0.75, or ≥0.75) obtained for each scenario determined a low (P0), intermediate (P1) or high (P2) relevance, respectively. RESULTS: 8064 answers were analyzed. Participation and completion rates were 93% and 100%, respectively. In overt or occult OGIB, resultant P2 findings were 'typical angiectasia', 'deep ulceration', 'stenosis', and'blood', whatever their numbers, and 'superficial ulcerations' when multiple. While in suspected CD, consensus P2 lesions were 'deep ulceration' and 'stenosis' whatever their numbers, and 'aphthoid erosions' and 'superficial ulcerations' when multiple. CONCLUSION: This study establishes a guide for the evaluation of relevance of SBCE findings. It represents a step forward for SB-CE interpretation and is intended to be used as a tool for teaching and academic research.

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