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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 581(Pt B): 465-474, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805667

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) is an important bio-regulatory and signaling molecule associated with various physiological and pathophysiological pathways, but its sensitive real-time detection is still very challenging due to the low concentration, large diffusivity and fast decay in biological samples. Here an antimony tetroxide (Sb2O4) nanoflowers/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanocomposite is synthesized via a facile and eco-friendly solvothermal method to merit-combine highly electroactive Sb2O4 nanoflowers with large surficial rGO component for a strong synergistic effect on oxidation of NO. Results demonstrate that the Sb2O4/rGO-based sensor has a low detection limit, high sensitivity, excellent selectivity and fast response for NO detection. The real-time detected NO released from living cells showed significant difference between normal and tumor cells. The Sb2O4 nanoflowers/rGO nanocomposite sensor holds a great promise for important applications in biomedical research fields and clinical diagnosis.

2.
Viral Immunol ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185509

RESUMO

Interferon-induced transmembrane proteins (IFITMs) are transmembrane proteins induced by interferon that can provide broad-spectrum antiviral activities. However, there are few reports on the antiviral activity of monkey-derived IFITMs. In this study, the IFITM1 and IFITM3 genes of African green monkey (AGM) were cloned and overexpressed in Vero cells, followed by infection with mouse norovirus (MNV) and severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV). The results showed that monkey IFITM1 and IFITM3 can be stably overexpressed in Vero cells. Both IFITM1 and IFITM3 from AGM could effectively restrict infection by SFTSV, and the viral inhibition rate of IFITM3 was more obvious compared with IFITM1. However, both monkey IFITM1 and IFITM3 had no significant effect on the replication of MNV. These results indicate that different IFITMs have different functions, which may be related to the structure of the host IFITMs and the types of pathogens.

3.
Clin Chim Acta ; 511: 269-277, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148529

RESUMO

Feasible and accurate predictors are urgently needed to evaluate the survival for patients with paraquat poisoning since the high mortality of paraquat poisoning always resulted in the loss of both life and money. Multiple predictors have been developed to predict prognosis of the patients with PQ poisoning, which however heavily depend on the time of admission to hospitals. Here we reported a feasible and accurate prognosis predictor for patients with paraquat poisoning that is independent of the time of admission to hospitals. Patients with paraquat poisoning were enrolled in this study according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, which were grouped into survivors and non-survivors based on the 90-days follow-up investigation. The concentration of paraquat in serum and urine, and the baseline clinical parameters associated with the injuries of the liver, kidney, and lung were evaluated to predict the survival of these patients by using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis, univariate and multivariate cox regression analyses. A total of 114 patients was included in this study with a survival rate of 54.4%. The median survival days of non-survivors were 6.0 (95%Cl: 4.0-7.8). A new predictor, namely paraquat concentration-associated multiorgan injury index (PCAMII), was established by integrating serum and urine paraquat concentration, serum creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate transaminase, total and direct bilirubin, at different weighting coefficients, with the accuracy of about 90%. The model to predict the survival probability by PCAMII was established with good fitness (R2 = 0.9325), providing the simulated survival rates comparable to the clinical data. PCAMII, which is independent of hospital admission time, is a feasible and accurate marker to predict the survival rate of patients with PQ poisoning.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179712

RESUMO

Semiconducting compounds with high photostability and excellent photothermal ability are potential candidates for phototheranostics. In this paper, the heavy atom free compound 3,6-bis(5-(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)furan-2-yl)-2,5-bis(2-octyldodecyl)pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4(2H,5H)-dione (denoted as DPPCz) has been designed and synthesized through a C-H activation coupling reaction. DPPCz has a high singlet oxygen quantum yield (1O2 QY) of 40.3% in DCM. In addition, DPPCz NPs obtained by nanoprecipitation exhibit a high photothermal conversion efficiency (48.2%) in water. DPPCz NPs have a low half inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 7.1 µg mL-1 towards human lung cancer cells (A549) with irradiation while the dark toxicity is almost negligible even at high concentrations. Furthermore, in vivo photothermal imaging guided study demonstrates that these NPs are able to inhibit tumor growth with the help of laser. The H&E stained pictures of the normal tissues indicate the biosafety of DPPCz NPs in that no obvious damage was observed. Our results demonstrate that DPPCz NPs are potential semiconducting photosensitizers for phototheranostics.

5.
BMJ Open ; 10(11): e037150, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Geographical disparities have been identified as a specific barrier to cancer screening and a cause of worse outcomes for patients with cancer. In the present study, our aim was to assess the influence of geographical disparities on the survival outcomes of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Guangzhou, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1002 adult patients with NPC (724 males and 278 females) who were classified by area of residence (rural or urban) received IMRT from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2014, at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Following propensity score matching (PSM), 812 patients remained in the analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We used PSM to reduce the bias of variables associated with treatment effects and outcome prediction. Survival outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression was used to identify independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: In the matched cohort, 812 patients remained in the analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the rural group was significantly associated with worse overall survival (OS, p<0.001), disease-free survival (DFS, p<0.001), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRRFS, p=0.003) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS, p<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression showed worse OS (HR=3.126; 95% CI 1.902 to 5.138; p<0.001), DFS (HR=2.579; 95% CI 1.815 to 3.665; p<0.001), LRRFS (HR=2.742; 95% CI 1.359 to 5.533; p=0.005) and DMFS (HR=2.461; 95% CI 1.574 to 3.850; p<0.001) for patients residing in rural areas. CONCLUSIONS: The survival outcomes of patients with NPC who received the same standardised treatment were significantly better in urban regions than in rural regions. By analysing the geographic disparities in outcomes for NPC, we can guide the formulation of healthcare policies.

6.
Cancer Biol Ther ; : 1-9, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218274

RESUMO

Greater than 80% of all cancer cases are carcinomas, formed by the malignant transformation of epithelial cells. One of the key features of epithelial tumors is the presence of intercellular junctions, which link cells to one another and act as barriers to the penetration of molecules. This study assessed the expression of desmoglein-2, an epithelial junction protein, as a prognostic and diagnostic biomarker for ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer sections were stained for DSG2 and signal intensity was correlated to cancer type and grade. DSG2 immunohistochemistry signals and mRNA levels were analyzed in chemo-resistant and chemo-sensitive cases. Ovarian cancer patient serum levels of shed DSG2 were correlated to disease-free and overall survival. Primary ovarian cancer cells were used to study DSG2 levels as they changed in response to cisplatin treatment. DSG2 expression was found to be positively correlated with cancer grade. Ovarian cancer patients with high serum levels of shed DSG2 fared significantly worse in both progression-free survival (median survival of 16 months vs. 26 months, p = .0023) and general survival (median survival of 37 months vs. undefined, p < .0001). A subgroup of primary chemotherapy-resistant cases had stronger DSG2 IHC/Western signals and higher DSG2 mRNA levels. Furthermore, our in vitro studies indicate that non-cytotoxic doses of cisplatin can enhance DSG2 expression, which, in turn, can contribute to chemo-resistance. We suggest that DSG2 can be used in stratifying patients, deciding on where to use aggressive treatment strategies, predicting chemoresistance, and as a companion diagnostic for treatments targeting DSG2.

7.
Cancer Lett ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152401

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) originates in the nasopharyngeal epithelium and has the highest metastatic rate among head and neck cancers. Distant metastasis is the main reason for treatment failure with the underlying mechanisms remaining unclear. By comparing the expression profiling of NPCs versus non-cancerous nasopharyngeal tissues, we found LACTB was highly expressed in the tumor tissues. We found that elevated expression of the LACTB protein in primary NPCs correlated with poorer patient survival. LACTB is known to be a serine protease and a ubiquitous mitochondrial protein localized in the intermembrane space. Its role in tumor biology remains controversial. We found that the different methylation pattern of LACTB promoter led to its differential expression in NPC cells. Overexpressing LACTB in NPC cells promoted their motility in vitro and metastasis in vivo. While knocking down LACTB reduced the metastasis capability of NPC cells. However, LACTB did not influence cellular proliferation. We further found the role of LACTB in promoting NPC metastasis depended on the activation of ERBB3/EGFR-ERK signaling, which in turn, affected the stability and the following acetylation of histone H3. These findings may shed light on unveiling the mechanisms of NPC metastasis.

8.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151202

RESUMO

Photothermal therapy (PTT) is a cure that can inhibit tumor growth effectively and even remove tumor via photo-induced local hyperthermia. However, its shortcoming lies in the fact that excessive heat is most likely to lead to thermal injury at the epidermis of the tumor region and even the area of the surrounding tissue. As a consequence, the exposure of the thermally-induced wound would result in the increased risk of bacterial infection. To date, few PTT platforms have attached importance to the prevention of bacterial infection at the photothermally-induced wound. Herein, we reported a thermally-sensitive liposome nanosystem (Lipo-B-TCCA) containing aza-BODIPY and trichloroisocyanuric acid, which is conductive for the PTT of tumor and the prevention of bacteria. It is observed that the designed nanoplatform could exhibit remarkable stability, high photothermal conversion efficiency (31.4%), and efficient HClO-releasing ability in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, Lipo-B-TCCA is able to eliminate tumor efficiently via near infrared fluorescence and photothermal imaging guidance with low side effects. Most importantly, Lipo-B-TCCA could prevent the growth of S. aureus in the thermal wound during the process of PTT. The imaging-guided photothermally-induced HClO-releasing PTT nanoplatform for tumor ablation and bacterial prevention shows excellent performance and great potential for biomedical applications.

9.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146517

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) have emerged as the most promising alternative energy storage system, but the development of a suitable cathode and the issues of Zn anodes have remained challenging. Herein, an effective strategy of high-capacity layered Mg0.1V2O5·H2O (MgVO) nanobelts together with a concentrated 3 M Zn(CF3SO3)2 polyacrylamide gel electrolyte was proposed to achieve a durable and practical ZIB system. By adopting the designed concentrated gel electrolyte which not only inherits the high-voltage window and wide operating temperature of the concentrated electrolyte but also addresses the Zn dendrite formation problem, the prepared cathode exhibits an ultrahigh capacity of 470 mAh g-1 and a high rate capability of 345 mAh g-1 at 5.0 A g-1, and the assembled quasi-solid-state ZIBs achieve 95% capacity retention over 3000 cycles as well as a wide operating temperature from -30 to 80 °C, demonstrating a promising prospect for large-scale energy storage. In situ X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) investigations also demonstrate a complex reaction mechanism for this cathode involving the (de)insertion of Zn2+, H+, and water molecules during cycling. The water molecules will reinsert into the interlayer and act as "pillars" to stabilize the host structure when Zn2+ is fully extracted.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 404(Pt B): 124119, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075625

RESUMO

This work presents an overview about the suppressant enhanced explosion parameter (SEEP) phenomenon in aluminum dust explosion moderation. The SEEP phenomenon can be attributed to either the flammable gas produced by decomposition of insufficient chemical suppressant so as to form an explosible hybrid mixture, or to the improvement in dust dispersibility caused by small amounts of thermal inhibitor so as to form better dispersed dust clouds. Aluminum (Al) and four particle sizes of alumina (Al2O3) were used to confirm a physically caused SEEP phenomenon by performing flame propagation experiments. Higher flame spread velocities (FSVs) in Al dust clouds were found in the presence of 5 or 10% <150 and <45-µm Al2O3 powder. Adding micro-sized Al2O3 disrupted inter-particle contact in combustible dusts, decreased inter-particle forces, and formed dust clouds with better dispersibility, thereby decreasing the effective particle size distribution (PSD) of Al dust. A strong thermal effect brought about by 2.5 µm Al2O3 overcame the negative effect of improved dispersion, preventing SEEP from occurring. The addition of 50 nm Al2O3 increased cohesion of powder mixtures, and decreased dust dispersibility. With benefits from both dispersion suppression and the thermal effect, Al flame propagation was well quenched.

11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 494, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China has diverse wheat varieties that adapt to very different environments divided into ten agro-ecological zones. A better understanding of genomic differences and patterns of selection among agro-ecological zones could provide useful information in selection of specific adaptive traits in breeding. RESULTS: We genotyped 438 wheat accessions from ten zones with kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP) markers specific to 47 cloned genes for grain yield, quality, adaptation and stress resistance. Phylogenetic trees and principle component analysis revealed clear differences in winter and spring growth habits. Nucleotide diversity (π) and π ratio (πCL/πMCC) suggested that genetic diversity had increased during breeding, and that Chinese landraces (CL) from Zones I-V contributed little to modern Chinese cultivars (MCC). π ratio and Fst identified 24 KASP markers with 53 strong selection signals specific to Zones I (9 signals), II (12), III (5), IV (5), V (6), and VI (6). Genes with clear genetic differentiation and strong response to selection in at least three zones were leaf rust resistance gene Lr34 (I, II, III and IV), photoperiod sensitivity gene Ppd-D1 (I, II, III, IV and V), vernalization gene Vrn-B1 (V, VII, VIII and X), quality-related gene Glu-B1 (I, II and III) and yield-related genes Sus1-7B (I, II, III, IV and IX), Sus2-2A (I, II, III., IV and VI) and GW2-6B (II, V and VI). CONCLUSIONS: This study examined selection of multiple genes in each zone, traced the distribution of important genetic variations and provided useful information for ecological genomics and enlightening future breeding goals for different agro-ecological zones.

12.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926392, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Acute heart failure (AHF) usually requires urgent therapy. Myocardial damage, oxidative stress, and inflammation are major components in the pathology of AHF. This study was designed to investigate the effects of chrysophanol on AHF. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with isoprenaline hydrochloride to construct AHF rat models. AHF rats were treated with normal saline (negative control), chrysophanol, the combination of chrysophanol and SP600125, or benazepril (positive control) using sham rats as blank controls. Echocardiography, histological staining, and enzyme activity analysis were performed to assess the heart functions and myocardial damage. Effects on apoptosis, oxidative stress (OS), and inflammation were evaluated by biochemical analysis, TUNEL staining, and ELISA. RESULTS Chrysophanol improved the parameters of cardiac functions and alleviated the myocardial damage accompanied by the reduction of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase activity. Meanwhile, chrysophanol inhibited the myocardial apoptosis along with the upregulation of Bcl-2 and downregulation of Bax and cleaved caspase-3. AHF-induced abnormal changes of OS parameters (MDA, GPx, CAT, SOD) and inflammatory markers (IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-alpha, IFN-γ) were alleviated by chrysophanol. Benazepril treatment showed similar results with chrysophanol, while the addition of SP600125 enhanced the chrysophanol-mediated protection effects in AHF rats. Western blot analysis demonstrated that chrysophanol inhibited the phosphorylation of JNK1/2 and its upstream/downstream factors. CONCLUSIONS Chrysophanol improved cardiac functions and protected against myocardial damage, apoptosis, OS, and inflammation by inhibiting activation of the JNK1/2 pathway in AHF rat models. These finding indicate that chrysophanol may be a promising approach for treatment of AHF.

13.
IET Syst Biol ; 14(5): 252-260, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095746

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological significance and prospective molecular mechanism of RUNX family transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). The authors used immunohistochemistry (IHC), RNA-seq, and microarray data from multi-platforms to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the clinicopathological significance and molecular mechanism of RUNX2 in the occurrence and development of LUSC. RUNX2 expression was significantly higher in 16 LUSC tissues than in paired non-cancerous tissues detected by IHC (P < 0.05). RNA-seq data from the combination of TCGA and genotype-tissue expression (GTEx) revealed significantly higher expression of RUNX2 in 502 LUSC samples than in 476 non-cancer samples. The expression of RUNX2 protein was also significantly higher in pathologic T3-T4 than in T1-T2 samples (P = 0.031). The pooled standardised mean difference (SMD) for RUNX2 was 0.87 (95% CI, 0.58-1.16), including 29 microarrays from GEO and one from ArrayExpress. The co-expression network of RUNX2 revealed complicated connections between RUNX2 and 45 co-expressed genes, which were significantly clustered in pathways including ECM-receptor interaction, focal adhesion, protein digestion and absorption, human papillomavirus infection and PI3K-Akt signalling pathway. Overexpression of RUNX2 plays an essential role in the clinical progression of LUSC.

14.
Comput Biol Med ; 126: 104050, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096422

RESUMO

Multi-modal medical imaging has emerged as a general trend in clinical diagnosis and treatment planning. In recent years, great efforts have been made to investigate and develop dual-modality scanners, among which PET/CT is the most widespread one in clinical practice. In this paper, we propose a simple yet effective PET/CT data visualization method that can integrate these two modalities into composite data for better observation. The proposed method consists of three main steps. First, a PET data colorization approach is presented based on a dual-threshold scheme, which applies a pair of high and low thresholds to colorize the PET image. Then, to extract functional information from the PET image more adequately, unlike traditional blending fashion that directly uses the CT image as underlay, we merge the CT and the PET images with a Laplacian pyramid (LP)-based image fusion approach to generate the underlay. Finally, the visualization result is obtained by blending the fused image and the colorized PET image. Experiments are conducted on 5 sets of PET/CT scans that contain 200 paired slices in total. The ClearCanvas software and the method using the presented PET colorization approach but with the CT image as underlay are adopted for comparison. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can achieve more promising performance in terms of both visual perception and quantitative assessment. The code of the proposed method has been made available online athttps://github.com/yuliu316316/Visualization.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(16): 166801, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124864

RESUMO

We investigate disorder-driven topological phase transitions in quantized electric quadrupole insulators in two dimensions. We show that chiral symmetry can protect the quantization of the quadrupole moment q_{xy}, such that the higher-order topological invariant is well defined even when disorder has broken all crystalline symmetries. Moreover, nonvanishing q_{xy} and consequent corner modes can be induced from a trivial insulating phase by disorder that preserves chiral symmetry. The critical points of such topological phase transitions are marked by the occurrence of extended boundary states even in the presence of strong disorder. We provide a systematic characterization of these disorder-driven topological phase transitions from both bulk and boundary descriptions.

16.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj ; 1865(1): 129756, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crotonase superfamily members exhibit great catalytic diversity towards various acyl-CoA substrates. A common CoA moiety binding pattern is usually observed in this family, understanding the substrate-binding mechanism would facilitate the rational engineering of crotonases for improved properties. METHODS: We applied X-ray crystallography to investigate a putative enoyl-CoA hydratase/isomerase OdaA in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Thermal shift assay (TSA) were performed to explore the binding of OdaA with CoA thioester substrates. Furthermore, we performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to elucidate the dynamics of its CoA-binding site. RESULTS: We solved the crystal structures of the apo and CoA-bound OdaA. Thermal shift assay (TSA) showed that CoA thioester substrates bind to OdaA with a different degree. MD simulations demonstrated that the C-terminal alpha helix underwent a structural transition and a hinge region would associate with this conformational change. CONCLUSIONS: TSA in combination with MD simulations elucidate that the dynamics of C-terminal alpha helix in CoA-binding, and a hinge region play an important role in conformational change. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Those results help to extend our knowledge about the nature of crotonases and would be informative for future mechanistic studies and industry applications.

17.
FEBS Lett ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107021

RESUMO

BRCA1/BRCA2-containing complex subunit 3 (BRCC3) is a lysine 63-specific deubiquitinase involved in multiple biological processes, such as DNA repair and immune responses. However, the regulation mechanism for BRCC3 protein stability is still unknown. Here, we demonstrate that BRCC3 is mainly degraded through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. The HECT-type E3 ubiquitin ligase WWP2 modulates BRCC3 ubiquitination and degradation. ABRO1, a subunit of the BRCC36 isopeptidase complex (BRISC), competes with WWP2 to bind to BRCC3, thereby preventing WWP2-mediated BRCC3 ubiquitination and enhancing BRCC3 stability. Functionally, we show that lentivirus-mediated overexpression of WWP2 in murine macrophages inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation by decreasing BRCC3 protein level. This study provides the first insights into the regulation of BRCC3 stability and expands our knowledge about the physiological function of WWP2.

18.
Food Funct ; 11(11): 9973-9983, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118591

RESUMO

The novel zein-propylene glycol alginate (PGA) -tea saponin (TS) ternary complex nanoparticles were fabricated to deliver resveratrol. TS was firstly introduced to modulate the functional attributes, microstructure, molecular interactions and gastrointestinal digestion of the complex nanoparticles. The size of zein-PGA-TS complex nanoparticles was between 281.9 and 309.7 nm. In the presence of TS, the encapsulation efficiency of resveratrol was significantly elevated from 58.43% to 85.58%. The environmental stability of resveratrol was improved through entrapping into the complex nanoparticles with the rise in TS proportion. Multiple spectroscopic methods revealed that TS altered the micro-environment and secondary structure of the protein. Hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic effects and electrostatic interactions contributed to the formation of complex nanoparticles. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed the amorphous nature of the encapsulated resveratrol. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) confirmed the globular shape of the nanoparticles and their different aggregation states were dependent on the particle compositions. Moreover, the zein-PGA-TS complex nanoparticles exhibited the best sustained release in the small intestine when the mass ratio of zein to TS was 5 : 1 (23.20% in the stomach and 63.11% in the small intestine). These findings indicated the influence of TS on the properties and applications of the protein-polysaccharide complexes, which provided a new insight into the development of novel food grade nanoparticles with desirable stability and digestion behaviour.

19.
Zool Res ; 41(6): 644-655, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124217

RESUMO

Liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2 (LEAP-2) is a cationic peptide that plays an important role in a host's innate immune system. We previously demonstrated that mudskipper ( Boleophthalmus pectinirostris) LEAP-2 (BpLEAP-2) induces chemotaxis and activation of monocytes/ macrophages (MO/MФ). However, the molecular mechanism by which BpLEAP-2 regulates MO/MΦ remains unclear. In this study, we used yeast two-hybrid cDNA library screening to identify mudskipper protein(s) that interacted with BpLEAP-2, and characterized a sequence encoding motile sperm domain-containing protein 2 (BpMOSPD2). The interaction between BpLEAP-2 and BpMOSPD2 was subsequently confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP). Sequence analyses revealed that the predicted BpMOSPD2 contained an N-terminal extracellular portion composed of a CRAL-TRIO domain and a motile sperm domain, a C-terminal transmembrane domain, and a short cytoplasmic tail. Phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that BpMOSPD2 grouped tightly with fish MOSPD2 homologs and was most closely related to that of the Nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus). The recombinant BpMOSPD2 was produced by prokaryotic expression and the corresponding antibody was prepared for protein concentration determination. RNA interference was used to knockdown BpMOSPD2 expression in the mudskipper MO/MФ, and the knockdown efficiency was confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting. Knockdown of BpMOSPD2 significantly inhibited BpLEAP-2-induced chemotaxis of mudskipper MO/MФ and BpLEAP-2-induced bacterial killing activity. Furthermore, knockdown of BpMOSPD2 inhibited the effect of BpLEAP-2 on mRNA expression levels of BpIL-10, BpTNFα, BpIL-1ß, and BpTGFß in MO/MФ. In general, BpMOSPD2 directly interacted with BpLEAP-2, and mediated the effects of BpLEAP-2 on chemotaxis and activation of mudskipper MO/MФ. This is the first identification of MOSPD2 as a receptor for LEAP-2.

20.
Comput Biol Chem ; 89: 107383, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032037

RESUMO

RUNX family transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) overexpression has been found in various human malignancies. However, the expression levels of RUNX2 mRNA and protein in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) were not investigated. This study aims to thoroughly analysis the expression level and potential mechanisms of RUNX2 mRNA in LUAD. We applied in-house immunohistochemistry, high-throughput RNA-sequencing, and gene microarrays to comprehensively investigate the expression level of RUNX2 in LUAD. A pool standard mean difference (SMD) and summary receiver operating characteristic curves (SROC) were calculated to assess the integrated expression value of RUNX2 in LUAD. The hazard ratios (HRs) were integrated to evaluate the overall prognostic effect of RUNX2 on the LUAD patients. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of LUAD, the potential target genes of RUNX2, and its co-expressed genes were overlapped to obtain a set of specific genes for GO and KEGG enrichment analyses. RUNX2 overexpression in LUAD was validated using a large number of cases (2 418 LUAD and 1 574 non-tumor lung samples). The pooled SMD was 0.85 (95 % CI: 0.64-1.05) and the area under the curve (AUC) of the SROC was 0.86 (95 %CI: 0.83-0.89). The integrated HR was 1.20 [1.04-1.38], indicating that increased expression of RUNX2 was an independent risk factor for the poor survival of the LUAD patients. RUNX2 and its transcriptionally regulates potential target genes may promote cell proliferation and drug resistance of LUAD by modulating the cell cycle and MAPK signaling pathways. RUNX2 can provide new research directions for targeted drug therapy and drug resistance for LUAD treatment.

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