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1.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544306

RESUMO

Although balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) and pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) are effective in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), the comparison of their efficacy and safety is still unclear. We identified studies through a systematic review of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase and used a random effects meta-analysis model to synthesize estimates of weighted mean differences or combined effect size. In total, 54 studies were included in this meta-analysis. The survival rates at perioperative/in-hospital period, 2 years, and 3 years were 100%, 99%, and 97%, respectively, in BPA group and 93%, 90%, and 88%, respectively, in PEA group. The variation of 6-min walk distance was 141.80 m in BPA and 100.73 m in PEA when the follow-up was 1-6 months. At < 1-month, 1-6-month, and > 12-month follow-up, the changed results of mean pulmonary arterial pressure were - 18.31, - 17.00, and - 12.97 mmHg in BPA group and - 18.93, - 21.21, and - 21.35 mmHg in PEA group. At < 1-month and 1-6-month follow-up, the changed values of pulmonary vascular resistance were - 542.24 and - 599.77 dyne•s•cm-5 in PEA group and - 443.49 and - 280.00 dyne•s•cm-5 in BPA group. In addition, there was more wide variety of complications in PEA group than in BPA group. BPA might have higher survival rate (perioperative/in-hospital period, 2-year and 3-year follow-up) and fewer types of complications compared with PEA. The improvement in exercise capacity (1-6-month follow-up) in the BPA group might be more pronounced than in PEA group. Moreover, PEA might be superior in improvement of hemodynamic parameters (< 1-month, 1-6-month, and > 12-month follow-up).

2.
Food Sci Nutr ; 8(11): 6037-6046, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33282256

RESUMO

In this study, the color of the dry fruiting bodies, fresh weight (FW): dry weight (DW) ratio, amino acids, and total phenolics, which are of nutritional or commercial interest, were compared among different drying temperature treatments. The effect of rehydration methods and color protection reagents on the fruiting body color, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity, and browning inhibition rate were evaluated. The results showed that drying with hot air at 65℃ was quickest and resulted in a better color without compromising the FW:DW ratio and rehydration ratio of the fruiting bodies. Furthermore, some reactions that occurred under high temperatures increased the content of protein, amino acids, and total phenolics. Soaking after boiling was the most suitable rehydration method, leading to the lowest PPO activity (39.87 ± 1.35 U/g). All of the four analyzed color protection reagents could significantly inhibit the browning of Yu Muer fruiting bodies under room temperature water rehydration conditions, with a citric acid content of 6 g/L showing the best performance. These results provide technical support for the development of the Yu Muer industry and for promoting the commercial processing of Yu Muer fruiting bodies slices.

3.
Mycologia ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085941

RESUMO

MADS-box transcription factors play crucial roles in regulating development processes and biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in eukaryotes. However, the role of MADS-box transcription factors vary among fungal species, and their function remains unclear in the medicinally and economically important fungus Ganoderma lucidum. In this study, we characterized a MADS-box gene, GlMADS1, in G. lucidum. Analyses using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) showed that GlMADS1 expression levels were up-regulated from the mycelia to the primordia stage. In order to further evaluate the effect of MADS-box transcription factors on secondary metabolism, we utilized RNA interference (RNAi) to silence GlMADS1 in G. lucidum. Ganoderic acid (GA) and flavonoid contents were enhanced in GlMADS1-silenced strains, suggesting that GlMADS1 negatively regulates GA and flavonoid accumulation.

4.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910207

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To systematically evaluate the correlation between PD-L1 expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Seven databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang, and CNKI) were searched through May 2020. Risk of bias and quality of evidence were assessed by using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS), and meta-analysis was carried out by using the Review Manager 5.3 software on the studies with the quality evaluation scores ≥ 6. Meta-regression analysis was used to determine the independent role of PD-L1 expression on CRC prognosis after adjusting clinicopathological features and treatment methods. RESULTS: A total of 8823 CRC patients in 32 eligible studies. PD-L1 expression was correlated with lymphatic metastasis (yes/no; OR = 1.24, 95% CI (1.11, 1.38)), diameter of tumor (≥ 5 cm/< 5 cm; OR = 1.34, 95% CI (1.06, 1.70)), differentiation (high-middle/low; OR = 0.68, 95% CI (0.53, 0.87)), and vascular invasion (yes/no; OR = 0.80, 95% CI (0.69, 0.92)). PD-L1 expression shortened the overall survival (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.93, 95% CI (1.66, 2.25)), disease-free survival (HR = 1.76, 95% CI (1.50, 2.07)), and progression-free survival (HR = 1.93, 95% CI (1.55, 2.41)). Meta-regression showed that PD-L1 expression played a significant role on poor CRC OS (HR = 1.95, 95% CI (1.92, 3.98)) and disease-free survival (HR = 2.14, 95% CI (0.73, 4.52)). CONCLUSION: PD-L1 expression independently predicted a poor prognosis of CRC.

5.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(9): 2551-2556, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661667

RESUMO

A Gram-stain positive, motile, aerobic and rod-shaped strain (MIC A30T) was isolated from river sediment in Yuantouzhu park, Wuxi City, China. Growth occurred at 20-40 °C, at pH 6.0-9.0 and at 0-5.0% NaCl. Strain MIC A30T was moderately related to Arthrobacter liuii CGMCC 1.12778T (97.9%), Arthrobacter pokkaliiT (97.9%) and Arthrobacter globiformis NBRC 12137T (96.7%) by 16S rRNA analysis. The DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain MIC A30T and these reference strains were below 30%. The DNA G+C content was 63.1 mol%. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and genome-to-genome distance (GGD) values between strain MIC A30T and A. liuii CGMCC 1.12778T were 60.34% and 29.39%, respectively. Quinone was identified as MK-9(H2). Major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol. Major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0 and anteiso-C17:0. Whole-cell sugars were galactose, mannose and rhamnose. The cell wall peptidoglycan contained A4α peptidoglycan type with lysine as the diagnostic diamino acid. Based on several taxonomic results, strain MIC A30T is identified as a novel species in genus Arthrobacter, whose name is proposed as Arthrobacter sedimenti sp. nov. The type strain is MIC A30T (= KACC 19599T = CGMCC 1.13474T).


Assuntos
Arthrobacter/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Arthrobacter/química , Arthrobacter/genética , Arthrobacter/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rios/microbiologia , Especificidade da Espécie
6.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e924832, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to explore the effect and duration of 2-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) irradiation on the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the brains of neonatal mice and to preliminarily investigate whether its mechanism is neuronal apoptosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Neonatal mice (within 48 hours of birth) were subjected to 2D-SWE irradiation of the brain for 10 minutes (group S1), 20 minutes (group S2), and 30 minutes (group S3). The mice were sacrificed immediately after irradiation or 24 hours after irradiation. Brains were collected for real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot experiments to determine the expression of BDNF in each group. TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) was performed to observe neuronal apoptosis in the brain. RESULTS The results of PCR and western blots from the brains of neonatal mice that were sacrificed immediately after irradiation show that S1, S2, and S3 were significantly different from those in the control group. The PCR and western blot results of brain tissues from neonatal mice sacrificed at 24 hours after irradiation showed that there was no significant difference between the S1, S2, S3, and control groups. The results of TUNEL experiments showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the number of apoptotic neurons between the S1, S2, S3, and control groups. CONCLUSIONS 2D-SWE irradiation of neonatal mice for more than 10 minutes downregulated the expression of BDNF. This effect disappeared within 24 hours after the irradiation, and the 2D-SWE scan seemed not to induce neuronal apoptosis.

7.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2020 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 2-dimensional (2D) shear wave elastography (SWE) on synaptic morphologic characteristics and function in the neonatal mouse hippocampus and whether it affects the capacity for learning and memory later in life. METHODS: We divided neonatal mice into a control group and a 2D SWE group scanned for 10, 20, or 30 minutes. Hippocampal morphologic characteristics were assessed by hematoxylin-eosin and Nissl staining. Ultrastructures of hippocampal neurons were visualized by electron microscopy. Protein and messenger RNA expression levels of synaptophysin, N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor 1 (NMDAR1), NMDAR2A, and NMDAR2B were quantified by a western blot and polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Learning and memory of adult mice were evaluated by the Morris water maze and the novel object recognition task. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the hippocampal morphologic characteristics of the experimental groups did not differ under light microscopy, and the synaptic structures assessed by electron microscopy appeared normal. Western blot and polymerase chain reaction results showed that expression of synaptophysin, NMDAR1, NMDAR2A, and NMDAR2B were downregulated after exposure to 2D SWE, but there were no statistical differences between the experimental groups. This downregulation disappeared within 24 hours. The results of the Morris water maze and novel object recognition suggested that the 2D SWE scanning on neonatal mice had no effect on learning and memory in adulthood. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that when the mice were exposed to neonatal cranial ultrasound by 2D SWE lasting for longer than 10 minutes, the expression of genes involved in synaptic function was affected, but this effect lasted no longer than 24 hours and did not affect learning and memory in adulthood.

8.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(7): 1341-1347, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140833

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, motile, aerobic, and rod-shaped strain (MIC 1.5T) was isolated from soil in Changguangxi national wetland park. Growth occurred at 20-45 °C, at pH 6.0-8.0, and at 0-4.0% NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain MIC 1.5T was related to were identified as Luteimonas dalianensis CGMCC 1.12191T (95.3%), Luteimonas padinae DSM 101536T (94.5%), Luteimonas huabeiensis DSM 26429T (94.1%), and Luteimonas mephitis DSM 12574T (92.5%). The DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain MIC 1.5T , and these strains were well below 31%. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and diphosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C content of strain MIC 1.5T was 66.3 mol%. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and genome-to-genome distance (GGD) values between strain MIC 1.5T and L. dalianensis CGMCC 1.12191T were 65.39% and 29.52%, respectively. The quinone was identified as Q-8. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 3OH, and iso-C17:0 3OH and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15:0 2-OH). Based on the phylogenetic, physiological, and chemotaxonomic results, strain MIC 1.5T represents a novel species of the genus Luteimonas, for which the name Luteimonas cellulosilyticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MIC 1.5T (= KACC 19469T = CCTCC AB 2017256T).

9.
AMB Express ; 10(1): 10, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955301

RESUMO

Blue light is an important environmental factor that induces mushroom primordium differentiation and fruiting body development. Although blue-light treatment has been applied for the production of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), the blue-light response mechanisms of P. ostreatus still remain unclear. In the present study, we exposed the primordium of P. ostreatus to blue-light, red-light, and dark conditions for 7 days. Subsequently, comparative transcriptomics analysis of the stipe, pileus, and gill under the three light conditions was performed to reveal the gene expression response mechanism of P. ostreatus to blue light and red light. The results showed that blue light enhanced the growth and development of all the three organs of P. ostreatus, especially the pileus. In contrast, red light slightly (non-significantly) inhibited pileus growth. When compared with red-light and dark treatments, blue-light treatment significantly upregulated gene expression involved in glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, the pentose phosphate pathway and the peroxisome in the pileus, but not in the gill or stipe. Most of the glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway genes were upregulated in the pileus by blue light. When compared with dark treatment, red-light treatment downregulated the expression of many respiration metabolism genes in the pileus. These results revealed that blue light enhanced the activation of glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway, whereas red light weakened glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway activation. The conclusion can be drawn that blue light improved P. ostreatus fruiting body (particularly, the pileus) growth rate via enhancement of glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway.

10.
AMB Express ; 9(1): 184, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728657

RESUMO

The "replacing wood by grass" project can partially resolve the conflict between mushroom production and balancing the ecosystem, while promoting agricultural economic sustainability. Pleurotus pulmonarius is an economically important edible and medicinal mushroom, which is traditionally produced using a substrate consisting of sawdust and cottonseed hulls, supplemented with wheat bran. A simplex lattice design was applied to systemically optimize the cultivation of P. pulmonarius using agro-residues as the main substrate to replace sawdust and cottonseed hulls. The effects of differing amounts of wheat straw, corn straw, and soybean straw on the variables of yield, mycelial growth rate, stipe length, pileus length, pileus width, and time to harvest were demonstrated. Results indicated that a mix of wheat straw, corn straw, and soybean straw may have significantly positive effects on each of these variables. The high yield comprehensive formula was then optimized to include 40.4% wheat straw, 20.3% corn straw, 18.3% soybean straw, combined with 20.0% wheat bran, and 1.0% light CaCO3 (C/N = 42.50). The biological efficiency was 15.2% greater than that of the control. Most encouraging was the indication that the high yield comprehensive formula may shorten the time to reach the reproductive stage by 6 days, compared with the control. Based on the results of this study, agro-residues may be used as a suitable substitution for sawdust and cottonseed hulls as the main cultivation substrates of P. pulmonarius. These results provide a theoretical basis for the "replacing wood by grass" project on edible mushroom cultivation.

11.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(2): 57, 2019 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617909

RESUMO

Disposable syringes were used in a novel point-of-care visual test for detecting pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella typhimurium). Hybrid nanoflowers composed of platinum nanoparticles and concanavalin A (Pt-nanoflowers) were prepared through a one-pot reaction and were found to be viable catalase mimics. They catalyze the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to generate O2. When used as labels in immunoassays, they integrate both the functions of biological recognition and signal amplification. The disposable syringe pressure readout was combined with Pt-nanoflower signal conversion and successfully applied to a visual bacteria detection scheme. Both Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella typhimurium can be quantified with detection limits of as low as 15 and 7 CFU·mL-1, respectively. Graphical abstract One-pot synthetic platinum nanoparticle (PtNP)-concanavalin A hybrid nanoflowers (Pt-nanoflowers), have been used as ideal signal labels for immunoassays and integrating both essential functions of biological recognition and signal amplification. Disposable syringes were used as a readout to detect pathogenic bacteria.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli O157/isolamento & purificação , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Imunoensaio/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Salmonella typhimurium/isolamento & purificação , Seringas , Animais , Anticorpos/imunologia , Concanavalina A/química , Escherichia coli O157/química , Escherichia coli O157/imunologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos/instrumentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos/métodos , Imunoensaio/instrumentação , Limite de Detecção , Leite/microbiologia , Platina/química , Pressão , Salmonella typhimurium/química , Salmonella typhimurium/imunologia
12.
J Ultrasound Med ; 38(1): 103-111, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29761535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess performance of shear wave elastography for evaluation of fibrosis and the histologic stage in patients with autoimmune liver disease (ALD) and to validate previously established advanced fibrosis cutoff values in this cohort. METHODS: Shear wave elastography was performed on patients with ALD with an Aixplorer ultrasound system (SuperSonic Imagine, Aix-en-Provence, France) using an SC6-1 transducer. The median estimated tissue Young modulus was calculated from sets of 8 to 10 elastograms. A blinded, subspecialty-trained pathologist reviewed biopsy specimens. The METAVIR classification was used to stage liver fibrosis and necroinflammation. Steatosis was graded from 0 to 4+. The Kendall τ-b correlation test was performed to identify the correlation between the estimated tissue Young modulus and fibrosis, steatosis, and the necroinflammatory score. The Spearman correlation test was performed to identify the correlation between the estimated tissue Young modulus and clinical data. The diagnostic performance of shear wave elastography for differentiating METAVIR stage F2 or higher from F0 and F1 fibrosis was evaluated by a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients with ALD were analyzed. The estimated tissue Young modulus was positively correlated with the fibrosis stage and necroinflammation score (r = 0.386; P < .001; r = 0.338; P = .002, respectively) but not steatosis (r = -0.091; P = .527). Serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and total bilirubin values were positively correlated with the estimated tissue Young modulus (r = 0.501; P < .001; r = 0.44; P = .001; r = 0.291; P = .038). The serum albumin value was negatively correlated (r = -0.309; P = .033). The area under the ROC curve was 0.781 (95% confidence interval, 0.641-0.921) for distinguishing F2 or greater fibrosis from F0 and F1 fibrosis. Based on the ROC curve, an optimal cutoff value of 9.15 kPa was identified (sensitivity, 83.3%; specificity, 72.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Shear wave elastography is a novel noninvasive adjunct to liver biopsy in evaluation and staging of patients with ALD, showing the potential for serial evaluations of disease progression and treatment responses.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Autoimunes/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Hepatopatias/complicações , Hepatopatias/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(23-24): 3802-3807, 2018 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392778

RESUMO

Rapid, sensitive and point-of-care detection of foodborne pathogenic bacteria is essential for food safety. In this study, we found that hemin-concanavalin A hybrid nanoflowers (HCH nanoflowers), as solid mimic peroxidase, could catalyze oxidation of 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) in the presence of H2O2 to a green-colored product. HCH nanoflowers, integrating the essential functions of both biological recognition and signal amplification, meet the requirements of signal labels for colorimetric immunoassay of bacteria. In view of the excellent peroxidase mimetic catalytic activity of HCH nanoflowers, a colorimetric biosensing platform was newly constructed and applied for sensitive detection of foodborne Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7). The corresponding detection limits was as low as 4.1 CFU/mL with wide linear ranges (101-106 CFU/mL).


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Colorimetria/métodos , Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia , Escherichia coli O157/isolamento & purificação , Hemina/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Animais , Benzotiazóis/química , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/microbiologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Leite/microbiologia , Peroxidase/química , Ácidos Sulfônicos/química
14.
Mikrochim Acta ; 185(10): 490, 2018 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30284044

RESUMO

The published version of this article, unfortunately, contained error. The authors are re-writing to express their sincere apology for a mistake that a mark "10-5, 10-4, 10-3, 10-2, 10-1 CFU•mL-1" in the legend of Fig. 2 was not corrected as "105, 104, 103, 102, 101 CFU•mL-1".

15.
Mikrochim Acta ; 185(10): 464, 2018 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30225733

RESUMO

Pregnancy test strips are widely used in daily life. A commercial pregnancy test strip was modified to obtain a point-of-care device for the detection of pathogenic bacteria. Hybrid nanoflowers were prepared from concanavalin A, human chorionic gonadotropin, and Cu3(PO4)2 via a one-pot method. They were used as signaling probes in an off-the-shelf pregnancy test strip. This modified lateral flow immunoassay can detect Escherichia coli O157:H7 with a detection limit of 4 CFU·mL-1, and Salmonella typhimurium with a detection limit of 3 CFU·mL-1. Conceivably, the method has high potential as a portable and cost-effective tool for rapid determination of a wide range of analytes, especially in resource-constrained settings. Graphical abstract Hybrid nanoflower loaded human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and concanavalin A (hCG - nanoflowers) were synthesized via a one-pot method and used as signal labels with commercial commercial-off-the-shelf pregnancy test strips to detect pathogenic bacteria targets, thus yielding an easily smartphone readout signal.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Gonadotropina Coriônica/metabolismo , Concanavalina A/metabolismo , Cobre/química , Escherichia coli O157/isolamento & purificação , Nanoestruturas/química , Fosfatos/química , Salmonella typhimurium/isolamento & purificação , Smartphone , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Leite/microbiologia , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Gravidez , Fitas Reagentes/química , Fitas Reagentes/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 44(11): 2209-2222, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30143339

RESUMO

We evaluated variation in fibrosis staging caused by depth, pre-load force and measurement off-axis distance on different ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) systems prospectively in 20 patients with diffuse liver disease. Shear wave speed (SWS) was measured with transient elastography, acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) and 2-D shear wave elastography (SWE). ARFI and 2-D-SWE measurements were obtained at different depths (3, 5 and 7 cm), with different pre-load forces (4, 7 and 10N and variable) and at 0, 2 and 4cm off the central axis of the transducer. A single, blinded pathologist staged fibrosis using the METAVIR system (F0-F4). Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was charted to differentiate significant fibrosis (F ≥ 2). Depth was the only factor found to influence ARFI-derived values; no acquisition factors were found to affect 2-D-SWE SWS values. ARFI and 2-D-SWE for diagnosis of significant fibrosis at a depth of 7cm along the central axis had good diagnostic performance (areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve: 0.92 and 0.82, respectively), comparable to that of transient elastography. Further investigation of this finding will likely be of interest.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/instrumentação , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Transdutores , Adulto Jovem
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 200(10): 1465-1470, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30151776

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped (201802YP6T) bacteria was isolated from soil, Northeast of China. Growth occurred at 10-40 °C (optimum 25-30 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum 7.0) and at 0-2% NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the nearest phylogenetic neighbors of strain 201802YP6T were identified as Bhargavaea cecembensis DSE10T (99.52%), Bhargavaea beijingensis ge10T (99.45%), Bhargavaea indica KJW98T (99.45%), Bhargavaea ullalensis ZMA19T (98.81%), and Bhargavaea ginsengi ge14T (98.76%). Levels of similarity among strain 201802YP6T and other Bhargavaea species were lower than 98.76%. GyrB amino acid sequence-based analysis supported the phylogenetic position and also distinguished strain 201802YP6T from the other species of the genus Bhargavaea. DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 201802YP6T and B. cecembensis, B. beijingensis, B. indica, B. ullalensis, B. ginsengi were 43.5%, 43%, 32.5%, 30.5% and 20.4%, respectively. The DNA G + C content of strain 201802YP6T was 51.23 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) of the draft genome was 87.04% to B. cecembensis DSE10T. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, glycolipids, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidyllipid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0 (39.91%), anteiso-C15:0 (28.86%), anteiso-C17:0 (6.30%) and C16:0 (6.13%). On the basis of the phylogenetic analysis, chemotaxonomic data, physiological characteristics and DNA-DNA hybridization data, strain 201802YP6T represents a novel species of the genus Bhargavaea, for which the name Bhargavaea changchunensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 201802YP6T (= CGMCC 1.13508T = KCTC 33975T).


Assuntos
Planococáceas/classificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/química , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , Planococáceas/genética , Planococáceas/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
18.
PLoS One ; 13(7): e0199110, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30020937

RESUMO

Usnic acid is a unique polyketide produced by lichens. To characterize usnic acid biosynthesis, the transcriptome of the usnic-acid-producing lichen-forming fungus Nephromopsis pallescens was sequenced using Illumina NextSeq technology. Seven complete non-reducing polyketide synthase genes and nine highly-reducing polyketide synthase genes were obtained through transcriptome analysis. Gene expression results obtained by qPCR and usnic acid detection with LCMS-IT-TOF showed that Nppks7 is probably involved in usnic acid biosynthesis in N. pallescens. Nppks7 is a non-reducing polyketide synthase with a MeT domain that also possesses beta-ketoacyl-ACP synthase, acyl transferase, product template, acyl carrier protein, C-methyltransferase, and Claisen cyclase domains. Phylogenetic analysis shows that Nppks7and other polyketide synthases from lichens form a unique monophyletic clade. Taken together, our data indicate that Nppks7 is a novel PKS in N. pallescens that is likely involved in usnic acid biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos/metabolismo , Líquens/enzimologia , Parmeliaceae/enzimologia , Policetídeo Sintases/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos/genética , Sequência de Bases , Líquens/genética , Parmeliaceae/genética , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Genome Announc ; 6(23)2018 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29880593

RESUMO

Here, we report a draft genome sequence of Ramalina intermedia strain YAF0013. The functional annotation of R. intermedia provides important information related to its ability to produce secondary metabolites. The genome sequence reported here builds the basis for further genome mining.

20.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 111(11): 2087-2094, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29789976

RESUMO

A Gram-stain positive, aerobic, non-motile, endospore-forming and rod-shaped strain (THG-NT9T) was isolated from a green tea sample. Growth occurred at 20-45 °C (optimum 28-35 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum 7.0) and at 0-2.0% NaCl (optimum 0%). Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the near phylogenetic neighbours of strain THG-NT9T were identified as Scopulibacillus daqui DSM 28236T (98.6%), Scopulibacillus darangshiensis DSM 19377T (97.4%), Pullulanibacillus pueri CGMCC 1.12777T (96.7%) and Pullulanibacillus camelliae CGMCC 1.15371T (96.3%). The DNA G + C content of strain THG-NT9T was determined to be 47.5 mol %. DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain THG-NT9T and S. daqui DSM 28236T, S. darangshiensis DSM 19377T, P. pueri CGMCC 1.12777T, P. camelliae CGMCC 1.15371T and Pullulanibacillus naganoensis DSM 10191T were 41.3 ± 0.1 (39.4 ± 0.4% reciprocal analysis), 39.1 ± 0.1 (37.3 ± 0.1%), 21.4 ± 0.7 (20.1 ± 0.3%), 20.7 ± 0.1 (20.1 ± 0.4%) and 12.1 ± 0.2% (8.3 ± 0.2%). The polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and three unidentified lipids. The quinone was identified as MK-7. The major fatty acids were C18:3 ω7c, iso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, iso-C17:0 and anteiso-C17:0. The cell wall type was determined to be A1γ peptidoglycan with meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid plus alanine and glutamic acid and glucose as the cell wall sugar. On the basis of the phylogenetic analysis, chemotaxonomic data, physiological characteristics, and DNA-DNA hybridization data, strain THG-NT9T represents a novel species of the genus Scopulibacillus, for which the name Scopulibacillus cellulosilyticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is THG-NT9T (= KCTC 33918T = CGMCC 1.16305T).


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Celulose/metabolismo , Chá/microbiologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Fenótipo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
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