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1.
Vet Res ; 51(1): 72, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448367

RESUMO

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a major component of Escherichia coli cell wall can cause inflammation and cell death. Dihydromyricetin (ampelopsin, DHM) is a natural flavonoid compound with anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-bacterial effects. The preventive effects of DHM against ileum injury remain unclear. Here, we explored the protective role of DHM against LPS-induced ileum injury in chickens. In this study, DHM significantly attenuated LPS-induced alteration in diamine oxidase, malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase levels in chicken plasma and ileum. Histology evaluation showed that the structure of blood vessels in ileum was seriously fragmented and presence of necrotic tissue in the lumen in the LPS group. Scanning electron microscopic observation revealed that the surface of the villi was rough and uneven, the structure was chaotic, and the normal finger shape was lost in the LPS group. In contrast, 0.05% and 0.1% DHM treatment partially alleviated the abnormal morphology. Additionally, DHM maintained the barrier function by restoring the protein expression of occludin, claudin-1 and zonula occludens protein-1. DHM inhibited apoptosis through the reduction of the expression of bax and caspase-3 and restored the expression of bcl-2. Importantly, DHM could reduce ileum NLR family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-18 expression to protect tissues from pyroptosis and inhibited toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signalling pathway. In summary, DHM attenuated the ileum mucosal damage, oxidative stress and apoptosis, maintained barrier function, inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome and TLR4/NF-κB signalling pathway activation triggered by Escherichia coli LPS.

2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 233: 115677, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059916

RESUMO

The OH induced cellulose degradation was examined by analyzing the reaction products of Fenton's regents with cellobiose. Many degradation products including C2-C5 compounds such as oxaldehyde, malonaldehyde and 2-hydroxysuccinaldehyde were detected by GCMS analysis. Four reaction pathways for the formation of some degradation products were obtained from ReaxFF kinetics simulation and validated by the DFT quantum chemistry calculation at B3LYP/6-31+g(d,p) level. It was found that the H-abstraction from OH of the glucose unit by OH can cause saccharide ring open and breakage of the glycosidic bond. Pathways 1-4 showed that the glucose unit can react with OH consecutively to produce small molecular products with carbon atoms less than 6. This study indicated that ReaxFF reaction kinetics is a powerful tool for the exploration of the degradation mechanism of cellulose induced by OH at room temperature, which correlated well with the experimental results and was validated by DFT calculation.

3.
Can J Vet Res ; 83(4): 285-290, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571729

RESUMO

Analysis of hematologic and biochemical values in pigs is an important basis for biomedical research and veterinary clinical diagnosis. Reference values for specific-pathogen-free (SPF) 1-month-old Yorkshire (Y) pigs and Yorkshire-Landrace crossbred (YL) pigs are limited. The present research aimed to describe and compare the reference values for hematologic and biochemical parameters in such pigs. Blood samples were obtained from 90 Y pigs (52 males and 38 females) and 88 YL pigs (55 males and 33 females), all 1 month old and bred in an SPF environment. Among the 16 hematologic and 15 serum biochemical parameters tested, no significant differences between the Y and YL pigs were found except in the concentration of triglyceride (P < 0.05), and heterosis was not observed. Thus, the values determined in this study can be used as basic reference values for 1-month-old Y and YL pigs and will contribute to the use of SPF pigs in biomedical research.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Suínos/sangue , Animais , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária , Glicemia , Cruzamento , Colesterol/sangue , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Masculino , Valores de Referência , Albumina Sérica , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos , Suínos/genética , Triglicerídeos/sangue
4.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1092, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620005

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is an analgesic-antipyretic drug and widely used in clinics. Its overdose may cause serious liver damage. Here, we examined the mechanistic role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway in liver injury induced by different doses of APAP. Male mice were treated with APAP (150 and 175 mg·kg-1), and meanwhile JNK inhibitor SP600125 was used to interfere APAP-induced liver damage. The results showed that JNK signaling pathway was activated by APAP in a dose-dependent manner. C-Jun N-terminal kinase inhibitor decreased JNK and c-Jun activation significantly (P < 0.01) at 175 mg·kg-1 APAP dose, and phosphorylation levels of upstream proteins of JNK were also decreased markedly (P < 0.05). In addition, serum aminotransferases activities and hepatic oxidative stress increased in a dose-dependent manner with APAP treatment, but the levels of aminotransferases and oxidative stress decreased in mice treated with JNK inhibitor, which implied that JNK inhibition ameliorated APAP-induced liver damage. It was observed that apoptosis was increased in APAP-induced liver injury, and SP600125 can attenuate apoptosis through the inhibition of JNK phosphorylation. Meanwhile, glutathione S-transferases A1 (GSTA1) content in serum was enhanced, while GSTA1 content and expression in liver reduced significantly with administration of APAP (150 and 175 mg·kg-1). After inhibiting JNK, GSTA1 content in serum decreased significantly (P < 0.01); meanwhile, GSTA1 content and expression in liver enhanced. These findings suggested that JNK signaling pathway mediated APAP-induced hepatic injury, which was accompanied by varying GSTA1 content and expression in liver and serum.

5.
J Appl Toxicol ; 39(12): 1640-1650, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385618

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is an antipyretic and analgesic, which is commonly associated with drug-induced hepatic injury. C2-ceramide plays a key role in mediating cell life activities, and oltipraz was extensively studied as a cancer chemopreventive agent. Glutathione S-transferase A1 (GSTA1) acts as a vital liver detoxification enzyme. Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 (HNF-1) regulates various cellular signaling pathways. In this study, we investigated the effects of C2-ceramide and oltipraz on APAP-induced hepatocyte injury and the changes of HNF-1 and GSTA1. Results showed that C2-ceramide (6 µmol/L) exacerbated APAP-induced hepatocyte injury and caused a significant decrease (P < .01) in HNF-1 and GSTA1 expressions. Meanwhile, GSTA1 content in supernatant was significantly increased (P < .01). In contrast, oltipraz (8 µmol/L) reduced the injury and significantly elevated (P < .01) HNF-1 and GSTA1 expressions while GSTA1 content in supernatant was significantly decreased (P < .01). In conclusion, these findings revealed that C2-ceramide inhibited HNF-1 and GSTA1 expression and exacerbated hepatocyte injury, while oltipraz treatment results in the reduction of hepatocyte injury, and promoted HNF-1 and GSTA1 expression. Additionally, the changes in HNF-1 and GSTA1 were related to APAP-induced hepatocyte injury. These results were useful to investigate the mechanism of an antipyretic and analgesic drug combination.

6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(13): 5994-6000, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dynamic high-pressure microfluidization (DHPM) is an emerging and promising technique for continuous production of fluid foods. This study aimed to investigate the influence of DHPM and conventional homogenization (CH) on the quality of peach juice. Processing was performed by passing peach juice through CH at 20 MPa and DHPM at 20-160 MPa for one or three passes. The effect of DHPM pressure and passing number were also assessed. RESULTS: The results indicate that DHPM could maintain the antioxidant activity of peach juice much better than CH processing. Total phenolic compounds were decreased by 11.7% and 7.9%-15.8% through CH and DHPM processing in different conditions. Moreover, particle size, non-enzymatic browning index and turbidity decreased significantly under DHPM and CH processing, and decreased more and more with the increasing of DHPM pressure and treatment times. However, vitamin C content and zeta-potential did not reveal remarkable variation before and after these two types of processing. CONCLUSION: Taken together, DHPM is able to maintain the quality and stability of peach juice, which can be a reliable technological alternative to CH to produce fresh-like peach juices. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Preparações de Plantas/química , Prunus persica/química , Manipulação de Alimentos/instrumentação , Fenóis/química , Pressão
7.
Mol Immunol ; 112: 215-222, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177058

RESUMO

The Rongshui miniature pig is an important model animal for studying livestock disease prevention and control in China. The highly polymorphic swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) has been the focus of considerable interest because of the strong, reproducible associations between particular SLA haplotypes and infectious diseases. In this study, we identified 42 alleles at eight polymorphic SLA loci (SLA-1, SLA-3, SLA-2, SLA-6, DRA, DRB1, DQA, and DQB1) representing seven class I and six class II haplotypes using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) sequence-based typing and PCR-sequence specific primers in Rongshui miniature pigs. The official names were designated by the SLA Nomenclature Committee of the International Society for Animal Genetics. Seven class I haplotypes, Hp-5b.0, 86.0, 87.0, 88.0, 89.0, 90.0 and 91.0, and four class II haplotypes, Hp-0.18b, 0.19c, 0.41 and 0.47, had not previously been reported in other pig breeds. We also comprehensively analyzed the molecular genetic characterization and phylogenies of the identified alleles and the SLA haplotype diversity in Rongshui miniature pigs. SLA-1 and SLA-6 genes were under positive selection, while SLA-2 was under neutral selection, and the other five genes were under purifying selection. The highly polymorphic new alleles may be derived by nucleotide mutations, insertions and deletions, and fragment recombination, and alleles segregated based on sequence differences and peptide-binding motifs, rather than on pig breed. SLA haplotype diversity was generated by allele/gene conversion and recombination. These results will be helpful for elucidating the molecular genetic mechanisms influencing differential disease resistance among pigs with different SLA haplotypes.


Assuntos
Haplótipos/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Porco Miniatura/genética , Alelos , Animais , Cruzamento/métodos , China , Feminino , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/genética , Masculino , Biologia Molecular/métodos , Mutação/genética , Nucleotídeos/genética , Filogenia , Suínos
8.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 516(1): 251-257, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230750

RESUMO

The role of hepatic nuclear factor 1α (HNF-1α) and its response element in the expression of glutathione S-transferase A1 (GSTA1) was investigated in hepatocytes cells injury induced by acetaminophen (APAP). Treatment of hepatocytes with C2-ceramide exacerbated cells injury with GSTA1 mRNA level reducing. Contrastingly, administration of oltipraz alleviated cells damage with GSTA1 mRNA level elevating relative to hepatotoxicity induced by APAP. Western blot analysis showed that C2-ceramide decreased the translocation of HNF-1α and expression of GSTA1 protein, while oltipraz increased nuclear HNF-1α level and transactivation of GSTA1. The role of HNF-1α on GSTA1 expression was confirmed by transfection experiment and dual-luciferase reporter assay system. In the cells transfected with pGSTA1-1298-LUC vector in which HNF-1 response element (HRE) was contained, the luciferase activity decreased with reduction of nuclear HNF-1α and increased with elevation of nuclear HNF-1α. However, the luciferase activity had no change with the variation of nuclear HNF-1α when the cells transfected with the plasmid of pGSTA1-ΔHNF1-LUC in which the HRE was mutated. In conclusion, HNF-1α could affect the transcription of GSTA1 and HNF-1 response element in the GSTA1 promoter region, which is functionally active for the GSTA1 transcription.

9.
Nanomicro Lett ; 10(2): 33, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30393682

RESUMO

Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) are advanced electrochemical devices for energy storage and have attracted strong interest due to their outstanding properties. Rational optimization of electrode-electrolyte interactions is of vital importance to enhance device performance for practical applications. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations could provide theoretical guidelines for the optimal design of electrodes and the improvement of capacitive performances, e.g., energy density and power density. Here we discuss recent MD simulation studies on energy storage performance of electrode materials containing porous to nanostructures. The energy storage properties are related to the electrode structures, including electrode geometry and electrode modifications. Altering electrode geometry, i.e., pore size and surface topography, can influence EDL capacitance. We critically examine different types of electrode modifications, such as altering the arrangement of carbon atoms, doping heteroatoms and defects, which can change the quantum capacitance. The enhancement of power density can be achieved by the intensified ion dynamics and shortened ion pathway. Rational control of the electrode morphology helps improve the ion dynamics by decreasing the ion diffusion pathway. Tuning the surface properties (e.g., the affinity between the electrode and the ions) can affect the ion-packing phenomena. Our critical analysis helps enhance the energy and power densities of EDLCs by modulating the corresponding electrode structures and surface properties.

10.
J Vet Sci ; 19(6): 808-816, 2018 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304890

RESUMO

Bacterial biofilms have been demonstrated to be closely related to clinical infections and contribute to drug resistance. Berberine, which is the main component of Coptis chinensis, has been reported to have efficient antibacterial activity. This study aimed to investigate the potential effect of a combination of berberine with ciprofloxacin (CIP) to inhibit Salmonella biofilm formation and its effect on expressions of related genes (rpoE, luxS, and ompR). The fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) index of the combination of berberine with CIP is 0.75 showing a synergistic antibacterial effect. The biofilm's adhesion rate and growth curve showed that the multi-resistant Salmonella strain had the potential to form a biofilm relative to that of strain CVCC528, and the antibiofilm effects were in a dose-dependent manner. Biofilm microstructures were rarely observed at 1/2 × MIC/FIC concentrations (MIC, minimal inhibition concentration), and the combination had a stronger antibiofilm effect than each of the antimicrobial agents used alone at 1/4 × FIC concentration. LuxS, rpoE, and ompR mRNA expressions were significantly repressed (p < 0.01) at 1/2 × MIC/FIC concentrations, and the berberine and CIP combination repressed mRNA expressions more strongly at the 1/4 × FIC concentration. The results indicate that the combination of berberine and CIP has a synergistic effect and is effective in inhibiting Salmonella biofilm formation via repression of luxS, rpoE, and ompR mRNA expressions.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Berberina/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Liases de Carbono-Enxofre/metabolismo , Ciprofloxacino/farmacologia , Salmonella/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator sigma/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Berberina/administração & dosagem , Liases de Carbono-Enxofre/genética , Ciprofloxacino/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Quimioterapia Combinada , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Fator sigma/genética , Transativadores/genética
11.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1009, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30254584

RESUMO

In this study, acetaminophen (APAP)-induced acute liver injury mice model was used to investigate the effects of C2-ceramide and oltipraz on hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 (HNF-1) and glutathione S-transferase A1 (GSTA1). Notably, C2-ceramide caused alteration in mice serum transaminases and liver tissue indexes, and aggravated hepatic injury, while oltipraz alleviated hepatic injury. By screening, the optimal concentrations of C2-ceramide and oltipraz were confirmed to be 120 and 150 µmol/L, respectively. In histopathology, karyolysis and more necrotic cells and bleeding spots were appeared on administration of C2-ceramide, but only a small amount of inflammatory cells infiltration was seen after oltipraz treatment. In addition, RT-PCR and western blot results revealed that the mRNA and protein expression levels of HNF-1 and GSTA1 in liver were significantly decreased (p < 0.01) with the administration of 120 µmol/L C2-ceramide. Meanwhile, GSTA1 content in serum increased up to 1.27-fold. In contrast, 150 µmol/L oltipraz incorporation to APAP model mice resulted in obvious elevation (p < 0.01) in the mRNA and protein expression levels of HNF-1 and GSTA1 in liver, and serum GSTA1 content decreased up to 0.77-fold. In conclusion, C2-ceramide could down-regulate the expression of HNF-1 and GSTA1 which exacerbated hepatic injury, while oltipraz could up-regulate the expression of HNF-1 and GSTA1 which mitigated hepatic injury.

12.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 28(4): 489-494, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-958886

RESUMO

Abstract The leaves of Syringa oblata Lindl., Oleaceae, had been extensively used as a folk medicine to treat various infections, heal inflammations, icteric hepatitis and acute mastitis. The study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of S. oblata leaves ethanol extract against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity in primary hepatocytes and mice with the indicator of glutathione S-transferase alpha 1. The hepatoprotective effects of S. oblata leaves ethanol extract were evaluated on the basis of liver histopathology and biochemical parameters as well as hepatic oxidative stress markers. The results showed that CCl4 negatively modulated biochemical parameters and liver antioxidant activities. However, the use of S. oblata leaves ethanol extract restored altered-serum biochemical parameters and liver antioxidant activities in a dose-dependent manner. Importantly, the trends in S-transferase alpha 1 were similar to alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase level, and S-transferase alpha 1 was suggested to be a marker for the evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of S. oblata leaves ethanol extract. Histopathological examination showed that CCl4 causes significant hepatic injury relative to control group. The above findings suggested that S. oblata leaves ethanol extract has hepatoprotective effects against CCl4-induced hepatic injury and S-transferase alpha 1 may be an indicator to evaluate the protective effects of S. oblata leaves ethanol extract.

13.
J Mol Model ; 24(6): 124, 2018 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29721750

RESUMO

The mechanism for the hydroxyl-radical-induced depolymerization of cellulose under alkaline conditions in air was investigated using density functional theory at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p) level as well as electron transfer theory. The pathway for the depolymerization of cellulose was obtained theoretically and H abstraction from the C(3) atom of the pyran ring during the cleavage of the glucosidic bond was found to be the rate-limiting step due to its high energy barrier (16.81 kcal/mol) and low reaction rate constant (4.623 × 104 mol L-1 s-1). Calculations of the electron transfer between O2 and the saccharide radical performed with the HARLEM software package revealed that following the H abstraction, the oxygen molecule approaches C(2) on the saccharide radical and obtains an electron from the radical, even though no bond forms between the oxygen molecule and the radical. The rate constant for electron transfer could be as high as 1.572 × 1011 s-1. Furthermore, an enol intermediate is obtained during the final stage of the depolymerization.

14.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 34(8): 1179-1185, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29458284

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the characteristics of ultrasound (US) imaging of completely ablated cases and the effects of duration and clinical experience on accurate microwave ablation (MWA) for the treatment of benign breast tumours. METHODS: With written informed consent and approval of the institutional ethics committee, patients with symptomatic or palpable benign breast tumours (longest diameter, 7-32 mm), to whom MWA (2450 MHz) was performed, were enrolled in this prospective nonrandomised study. US and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) images were applied for follow-up and analysed. RESULTS: Forty-seven consecutive patients with 52 completely ablated tumours were enrolled. Of these 52 tumour ablations in US, 16 ablations were defined as concentric type, and 36 were defined as nonconcentric type. Of these 52 ablations, 7 cases were defined as nonaccurate ablation with the largest margin ≥10 mm in US. The nonaccurate ablation rate in the training group (the first consecutive 30 cases, 7/30) was significant higher than that (the last 22 cases, 0/22) in the practiced group (p = 0.016). Of 38 completely ablated cases (9 mm < the longest diameter <20 mm), the average largest margin in >70 s group was significant larger than that in <70 s group (p = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: Experience was important for accurate MWA in the treatment of benign breast tumour, and at least 30 cases training was recommended. Nevertheless, clinical trials are still required to validate our findings in the future.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Micro-Ondas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Exp Ther Med ; 14(4): 3798-3804, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29042982

RESUMO

In the present study, three models of acute liver injury in mice were induced via the administration of CCl4 (35 mg/kg, 24 h), acetyl-para-aminophenol (APAP; 200 mg/kg, 12 h) and ethanol (14 ml/kg, 8 h) to study the effect of glutathione S-transferase A1 (GSTA1) on acute liver injury. The serum levels of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and liver homogenate indicators (superoxide dismutase, glutathione and glutathione peroxidase) were significantly lower in model groups compared with the control group (P<0.01), whereas the liver homogenate indicator malondialdehyde was significantly increased (P<0.01). The expression of GSTA1 in liver was significantly decreased in the model groups compared with the control group (P<0.01). GSTA1 protein content was 3.8, 1.3 and 2.6 times lower in the CCl4, APAP and ethanol model groups, respectively. Furthermore, GSTA1 mRNA expression levels decreased by 4.9, 2.1 and 3.7 times in the CCl4, APAP and ethanol model groups, respectively. Among the three models, the injury induced by CCl4 was the most marked, followed by ethanol and finally APAP. These results suggest that GSTA1 may be released by the liver and serve as an antioxidant in the prevention of liver damage.

16.
Food Res Int ; 100(Pt 1): 267-275, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28873687

RESUMO

Dianhong teas produced from fresh leaves of different tea cultivars (YK is Yunkang No. 10, XY is Xueya 100, CY is Changyebaihao, SS is Shishengmiao), were compared in terms of volatile compounds and descriptive sensory analysis. A total of 73 volatile compounds in 16 tea samples were tentatively identified. YK, XY, CY, and SS contained 55, 53, 49, and 51 volatile compounds, respectively. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were used to classify the samples, and 40 key components were selected based on variable importance in the projection. Moreover, 11 flavor attributes, namely, floral, fruity, grass/green, woody, sweet, roasty, caramel, mellow and thick, bitter, astringent, and sweet aftertaste were identified through descriptive sensory analysis (DSA). In generally, innate differences among the tea varieties significantly affected the intensities of most of the key sensory attributes of Dianhong teas possibly because of the different amounts of aroma-active and taste components in Dianhong teas.


Assuntos
Folhas de Planta/química , Chá/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Análise por Conglomerados , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Análise Multivariada
17.
PLoS One ; 12(8): e0182953, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28806399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to determine whether lymph node metastasis has a prognostic impact on patients with stage IV breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven thousand three hundred and seventy-nine patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer diagnosed from 2004 to 2013 were identified. Kaplan-Meier estimate method was fitted to measure overall survival and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS). Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to evaluate the association between N stage and BCSS after controlling variables such as other patient/tumor characteristics. RESULTS: The primary site of M1 tumors was mainly upper-outer quadrant and overlapping lesion of the breast. Patients with N1 disease had better overall survival and BCSS than did those without lymph node metastasis. The overall survival and BCSS of M1 patients with N3 disease were significantly lower than that of those with N0, N1 and N2 disease, whereas patients with N2 and N0/N1 involvement showed no significant difference with survival. Multivariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis was an important prognostic factor for M1 patients (N1 versus N0, hazard ratio [HR] = 0.902, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.825-0.986, p = 0.023; N3 versus N0, HR = 1.161, 95% CI: 1.055-1.276, p = 0.002). For M1 patients, age, race, marital status, primary site, ER, PR and HER2 were the independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: The cohort study provides an insight into de novo stage IV breast cancer with lymph node metastasis. Our results indicated that accurate lymph node evaluation for stage IV patients is still necessary to obtain important prognostic information.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 80(10): 623-629, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28690122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The leaves of Folium Syringae (FS) have been long used as a traditional Chinese folk medicine for their anti-inflammatory effect, utilized as an antibacterial and antiviral treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential hepatoprotective effects of FS on acetaminophen-induced hepatic injury in primary hepatocytes and mice. METHODS: Hepatocytes obtained by the inverse perfusion method were divided randomly into five groups. Prior to acetaminophen exposure, 3 different doses of FS ethanol extracts were given to hepatocytes and mice, respectively. Thereafter, transaminases, glutathione S-transferase A1 (GSTA1) and some hepatic indices were determined. RESULTS: FS ethanol extracts (200 µg/mL) pretreatment prevented all of the alterations, returning their levels to nearly those levels observed in the control group in vitro. Treatment with FS ethanol extracts (200 mg/kg) significantly reduced the toxicity induced by acetaminophen in vivo, which manifested as a decrease in transaminases, and the hepatoprotective effects of FS were similar to Silymarin (positive group). GSTA1 represented the same change trend as transaminases and hepatic indices, and at a dose of 100 µg/mL FS ethanol extracts in vitro and 100 mg/kg in vivo, GSTA1 content changed significantly (p < 0.01), but transaminases were insignificant (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of our investigation suggested that FS ethanol extracts possess significant protective effects against hepatotoxicity induced by acetaminophen both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, GSTA1 could be used as an indicator assessing the extents of hepatic injury, which is more sensitive than transaminases.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Syringa , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos
19.
Toxicol Mech Methods ; 27(6): 401-407, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28412881

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose causes serious hepatocyte injury, and new markers are needed to predict APAP-induced hepatic injury. Glutathione S-transferase A1 (GSTA1) plays a significant role in the metabolism of APAP. Primary mouse hepatocytes were isolated by a two-step perfusion in situ. An APAP-induced hepatocyte injury model was used to characterize GSTA1 in APAP treated cells and determine whether GSTA1 could be a prognostic marker in vitro. A significant increase (p < .05) in GSTA1 in cell culture supernatant was detected at 6 h after APAP treatment, while alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) showed marked differences (p < .05) at 8 h after APAP exposure, 2 h later than GSTA1. Furthermore, GSTA1 increased in a dose-dependent manner with APAP treatment. GSTA1 increased significantly (p < .05) at a concentration of 5.0 mmol/L APAP, while the marked changes in ALT, AST and other indexes were undetectable until the concentration of APAP reached 7.5 mmol/L. These results suggest that increased GSTA1 can be more sensitive than ALT and other indexes as a marker of APAP-induced hepatic injury, which provide novel diagnostic index for APAP-induced hepatic injury and supply valuable information to further understand the pathogenesis of liver damage.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/enzimologia , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Acetaminofen/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hepatócitos/enzimologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Cultura Primária de Células , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Front Immunol ; 8: 282, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28360911

RESUMO

The highly polymorphic swine major histocompatibility complex (MHC), termed swine leukocyte antigen (SLA), is associated with different levels of immunologic responses to infectious diseases, vaccines, and transplantation. Pig breeds with known SLA haplotypes are important genetic resources for biomedical research. Canadian Yorkshire and Landrace pigs represent the current specific pathogen-free (SPF) breeding stock maintained in the isolation environment at the Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. In this study, we identified 61 alleles at five polymorphic SLA loci (SLA-1, SLA-2, SLA-3, DRB1, and DQB1) representing 17 class I haplotypes and 11 class II haplotypes using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) sequence-based typing and PCR-sequence specific primers methods in 367 Canadian SPF Yorkshire and Landrace pigs. The official designation of the alleles has been assigned by the SLA Nomenclature Committee of the International Society for Animal Genetics and released in updated Immuno Polymorphism Database-MHC SLA sequence database [Release 2.0.0.3 (2016-11-03)]. The submissions confirmed some unassigned alleles and standardized nomenclatures of many previously unconfirmed alleles in the GenBank database. Three class I haplotypes, Hp-37.0, 63.0, and 73.0, appeared to be novel and have not previously been reported in other pig populations. One crossover within the class I region and two between class I and class II regions were observed, resulting in three new recombinant haplotypes. The presence of the duplicated SLA-1 locus was confirmed in three class I haplotypes Hp-28.0, Hp-35.0, and Hp-63.0. Furthermore, we also analyzed the functional diversities of 19 identified frequent SLA class I molecules in this study and confirmed the existence of four supertypes using the MHCcluster method. These results will be useful for studying the adaptive immune response and immunological phenotypic differences in pigs, screening potential T-cell epitopes, and further developing the more effective vaccines.

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