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1.
Aging Cell ; : e13551, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032339

RESUMO

Senescence of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) impairs stemness and osteogenic differentiation, but the key regulators for senescence and the related osteogenesis are not well defined. Herein, we screened the gene expression profiles of human BMSCs from young and old donors and identified that elevation of the nucleosome assembly protein 1-like 2 (NAP1L2) expression was correlated with BMSC senescence and impaired osteogenesis. Elevated NAP1L2 expression was observed in replicative cell senescence and induced cell senescence in vitro, and in age-related senescent human and mouse BMSCs in vivo, concomitant with significantly augmented chromatin accessibility detected by ATAC-seq. Loss- and gain-of-functions of NAP1L2 affected activation of NF-κB pathway, status of histone 3 lysine 14 acetylation (H3K14ac), and chromatin accessibility on osteogenic genes in BMSCs. Mechanistic studies revealed that NAP1L2, a histone chaperone, recruited SIRT1 to deacetylate H3K14ac on promoters of osteogenic genes such as Runx2, Sp7, and Bglap and suppressed the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Importantly, molecular docking analysis showed a possible bond between NAP1L2 and an anti-aging reagent, the nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), and indeed, administration of NMN alleviated senescent phenotypes of BMSCs. In vivo and clinical evidence from aging mice and patients with senile osteoporosis also confirmed that elevation of NAP1L2 expression was associated with suppressed osteoblastogenesis. Taken together, our findings suggest that NAP1L2 is a regulator of both BMSC cell senescence and osteogenic differentiation, and provide a new theoretical basis for aging-related disease.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 9: 428-445, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820581

RESUMO

Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease initiated by bacterial infection, developed by excessive immune response, and aggravated by high level of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Hence, herein, a versatile metal-organic framework (MOF)-based nanoplatform is prepared using mesoporous Prussian blue (MPB) nanoparticles to load BA, denoted as MPB-BA. The established MPB-BA nanoplatform serves as a shelter and reservoir for vulnerable immunomodulatory drug BA, which possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects. Thus, MPB-BA can exert its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory functions through scavenging intracellular ROS to switch macrophages from M1 to M2 phenotype so as to relieve inflammation. The underlying molecular mechanism lies in the upregulation of phosphorylated nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) to scavenge ROS and subsequently inhibit the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signal pathway. Moreover, MPB-BA also exhibited efficient photothermal antibacterial activity against periodontal pathogens under near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. In vivo RNA sequencing results revealed the high involvement of both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory pathways after MPB-BA application. Meanwhile, micro-CT and immunohistochemical staining of p-Nrf2 and p-P65 further confirmed the superior therapeutic effects of MPB-BA than minocycline hydrochloride. This work may provide an insight into the treatment of periodontitis by regulating Nrf2/NF-κB signaling pathway through photothermal bioplatform-assisted immunotherapy.

3.
Biomater Sci ; 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34907409

RESUMO

Implant surface topography plays a crucial role in achieving successful implantation. Simple and controllable surface topographical modifications are considered a promising method to accelerate bone osseointegration for biomedical applications. Moreover, comprehension of the mechanism between surface topography and cell osteogenic differentiation is vital for the manipulation of these processes to promote bone tissue regeneration. In this study, we investigated the effects of implant surfaces with various sized hierarchical microgroove/nanopore topographies on cell adhesion, osteogenesis, and their underlying mechanism both in vitro and in vivo. Our findings reveal that a titanium surface with an appropriately sized microgroove/nanopore topography (SLM-1MAH) exhibits the more satisfactory adhesive and osteogenic efficiency than the clinically used sand-blasted, large-grit, and acid-etched (SLA) surface. The underlying molecular mechanism lies in the activation of the integrin α2-PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, where the SLM-1MAH surface increased the protein expressions of integrin α2 (Itga2), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), and phosphorylated serine/threonine kinase Akt (p-Akt) to enhance osteogenesis and osseointegration. Furthermore, the SLM-1MAH surface also displays better osseointegration efficiency with stronger bonding strength than that on the SLA surface. This work provides a novel strategy for implant surface topography design to improve bone-implant osseointegration.

4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 413, 2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34895255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease in oral cavity owing to bacterial infection. Photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) have many advantages for antibacterial treatment. As an excellent photosensitizer, indocyanine green (ICG) shows prominent photothermal and photodynamic performances. However, it is difficult to pass through the negatively charged bacterial cell membrane, thus limiting its antibacterial application for periodontitis treatment. RESULTS: In this work, self-assembled nanoparticles containing ICG and polycationic brush were prepared for synergistic PTT and PDT against periodontitis. First, a star-shaped polycationic brush poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (sPDMA) was synthesized via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of DMA monomer from bromo-substituted ß-cyclodextrin initiator (CD-Br). Next, ICG was assembled with sPDMA to prepare ICG-loaded sPDMA (sPDMA@ICG) nanoparticles (NPs) and the physicochemical properties of these NPs were characterized systematically. In vitro antibacterial effects of sPDMA@ICG NPs were investigated in porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), one of the recognized periodontitis pathogens. A ligature-induced periodontitis model was established in Sprague-Dawley rats for in vivo evaluation of anti-periodontitis effects of sPDMA@ICG NPs. Benefiting from the unique brush-shaped architecture of sPDMA polycation, sPDMA@ICG NPs significantly promoted the adsorption and penetration of ICG into the bacterial cells and showed excellent PTT and PDT performances. Both in vitro and in vivo, sPDMA@ICG NPs exerted antibacterial and anti-periodontitis actions via synergistic PTT and PDT. CONCLUSIONS: A self-assembled nanosystem containing ICG and polycationic brush has shown promising clinical application for synergistic PTT and PDT against periodontitis.

5.
J Innate Immun ; : 1-14, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823251

RESUMO

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a serine protease inhibitor, is constitutively produced by endothelial cells and plays a vital role in maintaining vascular homeostasis. Chronic periodontitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by bleeding of periodontal tissues that support the tooth. In this study, we aimed to determine the role of PAI-1 produced by endothelial cells in response to infections caused by the primary periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis. We demonstrated that P. gingivalis infection resulted in significantly reduced PAI-1 levels in human endothelial cells. This reduction in PAI-1 levels could be attributed to the proteolysis of PAI-1 by P. gingivalis proteinases, especially lysine-specific gingipain-K (Kgp). We demonstrated the roles of these degradative enzymes in the endothelial cells using a Kgp-specific inhibitor and P. gingivalis gingipain-null mutants, in which the lack of the proteinases resulted in the absence of PAI-1 degradation. The degradation of PAI-1 by P. gingivalis induced a delayed wound healing response in endothelial cell layers via the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein. Our results collectively suggested that the proteolysis of PAI-1 in endothelial cells by gingipains of P. gingivalis might lead to the deregulation of endothelial homeostasis, thereby contributing to the permeabilization and dysfunction of the vascular endothelial barrier.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 1994764, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595234

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies. Pathological image processing of breast has become an important means for early diagnosis of breast cancer. Using medical image processing to assist doctors to detect potential breast cancer as early as possible has always been a hot topic in the field of medical image diagnosis. In this paper, a breast cancer recognition method based on image processing is systematically expounded from four aspects: breast cancer detection, image segmentation, image registration, and image fusion. The achievements and application scope of supervised learning, unsupervised learning, deep learning, CNN, and so on in breast cancer examination are expounded. The prospect of unsupervised learning and transfer learning for breast cancer diagnosis is prospected. Finally, the privacy protection of breast cancer patients is put forward.

7.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e932410, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study aimed to compare the size and location of the traditional and conservative endodontic access cavities of the right maxillary first molar teeth, projected on the occlusal surface using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), to obtain an ideal access cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS Five hundred CBCT images of the right maxillary first molars, including 198 males and 302 females, were retrospectively evaluated using KaVo eXam Vision software. First, a rectangular coordinate system was established. The coordinates of 4 pulp horns and 3 root canal orifices, which projected on the occlusal surface, were marked on it. Two different access cavities were then created by connecting these points: (1) traditional endodontic access cavity (TEC) required removal of the entire roof of the pulp chamber to establish a straight-line access to the root canal system; (2) conservative endodontic access cavity (CEC) was formed by connecting the projection of each root canal orifice on the occlusal. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Pearson's correlation tests at a 5% significance level. RESULTS The area of TEC was approximately 9.61 mm2 for males and 8.91 mm² for females. The area of CEC was approximately 3.4 mm² for males and 3.16 mm² for females. The projections of all pulp horns and root canal orifices were in or near the central area of nine-rectangle-grid. CONCLUSIONS Compared with the traditional access cavity, creating a conservative access cavity was less invasive. Meanwhile, the access cavity should be limited to the central or near the central area of nine-rectangle-grid.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 729414, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504431

RESUMO

Naringin has been shown to exert protective effects in an animal model of ulcerative colitis, but detailed mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate function and signaling mechanisms underlying naringin-induced therapeutic effects on colitis. Two mouse models were established to mimic human Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by treating drinking water with dextran sodium sulphate or intra-colonic administration of 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid. Transcriptomics combined with functional experiments were used to investigate underlying mechanisms. Colitis symptoms, including weight loss and high disease activity index were significantly reversed by naringin. The inflammatory response, oxidative reactions, and epithelial cell apoptosis that occur with colitis were also alleviated by naringin. After naringin treatment, transcriptomics results identified 753 differentially expressed mRNAs that were enriched in signaling pathways, including the neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, calcium signaling, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling. The naringin-induced alleviation of colitis was significantly inhibited by the PPAR-γ inhibitor BADGE. In IEC-6 and RAW264.7 cells incubated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), NF-κB-p65, a downstream protein of PPAR-γ, was significantly increased. Naringin suppressed LPS-induced high expression of NF-κB-p65, which was inhibited by small interfering RNA targeting PPAR-γ. Our study clarifies detailed mechanisms underlying naringin-induced therapeutic effects on mice colitis, and PPAR-γ was found to be the main target of naringin by functional experiments both in vivo and in vitro. Our study supplies new scientific information for the use of naringin in colitis treatment.

9.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 11(8): 3472-3480, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341724

RESUMO

Background: Whether preoperative biopsy before radical resection can lead to recurrence and impact patient survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. In this study, we carried out a retrospective analysis to determine whether preoperative biopsy can cause disease recurrence and influence disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage IA NSCLC. Methods: Patients diagnosed with stage IA NSCLC (solid nodule) between January 2010 and December 2014 were identified from the databases of 7 Chinese medical centers and divided into two groups: a preoperative computed tomography (CT)-guided needle biopsy (CTNB) plus radical resection group, and a non-CTNB group. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was adopted to balance the observed covariates, and Kaplan-Meier estimates were used for survival analysis. Cox regression was used in a single-factor analysis to identify the factors affecting DFS in stage IA NSCLC. Results: After initial screening, 730 patients were enrolled in this study, with 186 and 544 patients in the CTNB group and the non-CTNB group, respectively. After PSM, 186 patients were eventually included in each group. No significant differences in basic clinical features were identified between the two groups (P>0.05). The rates of recurrence were 17.2% and 14.0% in the CTNB and non-CTNB groups (χ2=0.735, P=0.391), respectively. No notable differences in DFS (χ2=1.895, P=0.173) or overall survival (OS, χ2=1.785, P=0.182) were observed. Lung adenocarcinoma [hazard ratio (HR), 0.167, P=0.001] and lesion size (>2 cm) (HR, 2.712, P=0.000) were identified as risk factors for DFS in stage IA NSCLC. Conclusions: CTNB does not increase the incidence of recurrence in stage IA NSCLC or affect patient survival; therefore, it is not a risk factor for DFS. Lung adenocarcinoma and lesion size are risk factors for DFS.

10.
Front Immunol ; 12: 708678, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381457

RESUMO

Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are emerging as important players in inflammatory diseases. The oral mucosal barrier harbors all ILC subsets, but how these cells regulate the immune responses in periodontal ligament tissue during periodontitis remains undefined. Here, we show that total ILCs are markedly increased in periodontal ligament of periodontitis patients compared with healthy controls. Among them, ILC1s and ILC3s, particularly NKp44+ILC3 subset, are the predominant subsets accumulated in the periodontal ligament. Remarkably, ILC1s and ILC3s from periodontitis patients produce more IL-17A and IFN-γ than that from healthy controls. Collectively, our results highlight the role of ILCs in regulating oral immunity and periodontal ligament inflammation and provide insights into targeting ILCs for the treatment of periodontitis.

11.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(4)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396442

RESUMO

Chronic alcohol abuse increases the risk of mortality and poor outcomes in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of chronic alcohol consumption on lung injury and clarify the signaling pathways involved in the inhibition of alveolar fluid clearance (AFC). In order to produce rodent models with chronic alcohol consumption, wild­type C57BL/6 mice were treated with alcohol. A2a adenosine receptor (AR) small interfering (si)RNA or A2bAR siRNA were transfected into the lung tissue of mice and primary rat alveolar type II (ATII) cells. The rate of AFC in lung tissue was measured during exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) expression was determined to investigate the mechanisms underlying alcohol­induced regulation of AFC. In the present study, exposure to alcohol reduced AFC, exacerbated pulmonary edema and worsened LPS­induced lung injury. Alcohol caused a decrease in cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels and inhibited α­ENaC, ß­ENaC and γ­ENaC expression levels in the lung tissue of mice and ATII cells. Furthermore, alcohol decreased α­ENaC, ß­ENaC and γ­ENaC expression levels via the A2aAR or A2bAR­cAMP signaling pathways in vitro. In conclusion, the results of the present study demonstrated that chronic alcohol consumption worsened lung injury by aggravating pulmonary edema and impairing AFC. An alcohol­induced decrease of α­ENaC, ß­ENaC and γ­ENaC expression levels by the A2AR­mediated cAMP pathway may be responsible for the exacerbated effects of chronic alcohol consumption in lung injury.

12.
Adv Mater ; 33(41): e2102926, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396595

RESUMO

Preventing deep bacterial infection and simultaneously enhancing osteogenic differentiation are in great demand for osteomyelitis. Microwave (MW) dynamic therapy is attracting attention due to its excellent penetration ability, but the mechanism of MW-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) is still unknown. Herein, MW-responsive engineered pseudo-macrophages (M-Fe3 O4 /Au nanoparticles (NPs)) are fabricated to clear Staphylococcus aureus infections and induce M2 polarization of macrophages to improve osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) under MW irradiation. Fe3 O4 /Au NPs can generate ·O2 - and heat under MW irradiation in a saline solution, and the mechanism is put forward via finite element modeling and density functional theory calculations. Due to the gap plasmon, electromagnetic hotspots are produced at Fe3 O4 -Au interface at 2.45 GHz. Because of these induced electromagnetic hotspots, the sodium species is field-ionized and subsequently reacts with oxygen to produce ·O2 - . Meanwhile, the Fe3 O4 /Au NPs have a stronger ability than Fe3 O4 NPs to fix oxygen, favoring the production of ROS. Additionally, MW-treated macrophages diminish to secrete inflammatory cytokines, resulting in the decrease of ROS production in MSCs and thus enhancing their osteogenic differentiation. These engineered pseudo-macrophages will be promising for effectively treating bacterial infections and promoting osteoblast differentiation simultaneously in deep tissues under MW irradiation.

13.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e931544, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study explored the clinical effects of whole-process digitalization (WD)-assisted immediate implant placement (IIP) and immediate restoration (IR) in the aesthetic zone and clarified the clinical procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients who received maxillary aesthetic region IIP and IR treatment were randomly distributed into WD-assisted and conventional groups. Postoperative assessment included implant accuracy, marginal bone loss, aesthetic evaluation, and patient satisfaction evaluation. The aesthetic evaluation included visual analog score (VAS), pink aesthetic score (PES), and white aesthetic score (WES). Numerical data, measurement data, and grade data were analyzed by χ² test, t test, and Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS The WD-assisted group exhibited decreased implant accuracy, including coronal deviation, apical deviation, angular deviation, and depth deviation, compared with the conventional group (P<0.05). The marginal bone loss in both the mesiodistal direction and the buccolingual direction were significantly lower in the WD-assisted group than in the conventional group (P<0.05). The VAS, PES, and WES were all significantly higher in the WD-assisted group than in the conventional group at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery (P<0.05). Patients in the WD-assisted group also reported a higher satisfaction level than those in the conventional group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS WD-assisted IIP and IR treatment in the aesthetic zone increased implant accuracy, decreased marginal bone loss, improved aesthetic effect, and increased patient satisfaction compared with conventional treatment. Therefore, WD-assisted IIP and IR treatment constitutes a promising approach in clinical oral implantology.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075552

RESUMO

Sacubitril/valsartan (SAC/VAL) prevents angiotensin II (AngII) from binding AT1-R and blocks degradation of natriuretic peptides. Despite its efficacy in reducing ventricular fibrosis and preserving cardiac functions, which has been extensively demonstrated in myocardial infarction or pressure overload models, few studies have been conducted to determine whether SAC/VAL could attenuate atrial fibrosis and decrease atrial fibrillation (AF) susceptibility. Our study provided evidence for the inhibition of atrial fibrosis and reduced susceptibility to AF by SAC/VAL. After 28 days of AngII continuous subcutaneous stimulation, rats in SAC/VAL group exhibited reduced extent of atrial fibrosis, inhibited proliferation, migration, and differentiation of atrial fibroblasts, and decreased susceptibility to AF. We further found that inhibition of p-Smad2/3, p-JNK, and p-p38MAPK pathways is involved in the role of SAC/VAL on AngII-induced atrial fibrosis in vivo. These results emphasize the importance of SAC/VAL in the prevention of AngII-induced atrial fibrosis and may help to enrich the options for AF pharmacotherapy.

15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 279: 114358, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166736

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Trillium tschonoskii Maxim. is one of traditional Chinese medical herbs that has been utilized to treat brain damages and cephalalgia. The neuroprotective effect of total saponins from Trillium tschonoskii rhizome (TSTT) has been demonstrated efficacy in rats following ischemia. However, the axonal remodeling effect of TSTT and the detailed mechanisms after ischemic stroke have not been investigated. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to estimate therapeutic role of TSTT in axonal remodeling using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, and explored possible mechanisms underlying this process followed by histological assays in ischemic rats. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats underwent permanently focal cerebral ischemia induced by occluding right permanent middle cerebral artery. TSTT was intragastrically administrated 6 h after surgery and once daily for consecutive 15 days. Neurological function was assessed by the motor deficit score and beam walking test. T2 relaxation mapping and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) were applied for detecting cerebral tissues damages and microstructural integrity of axons. Luxol fast blue (LFB) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were performed to evaluate histopathology in myelinated axons. Double immunofluorescent staining was conducted to assess oligodendrogenesis. Furthermore, the protein expressions regarding to axonal remodeling related signaling pathways were detected by Western blot assays. RESULTS: TSTT treatment (65, 33 mg/kg) markedly improved motor function after ischemic stroke. T2 mapping MRI demonstrated that TSTT decreased lesion volumes, and DTI further confirmed that TSTT preserved axonal microstructure of the sensorimotor cortex and internal capsule. Meanwhile, diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) showed that TSTT elevated correspondent density and length of fiber in the internal capsule. These MRI measurements were confirmed by histological examinations. Notably, TSTT significantly increased Ki67/NG2, Ki67/CNPase double-labeled cells along the boundary zone of ischemic cortex and striatum. Meanwhile, TSTT treatment up-regulated the phosphorylation level of Ser 9 in GSK-3ß, and down-regulated phosphorylated ß-catenin and CRMP-2 expression. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our findings indicated that TSTT (65, 33 mg/kg) enhanced post-stroke functional recovery, amplified endogenous oligodendrogenesis and promoted axonal regeneration. The beneficial role of TSTT might be correlated with GSK-3/ß-catenin/CRMP-2 modulating axonal reorganization after ischemic stroke.

16.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 32(7): 1849-1856, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028114

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Linear ablation in addition to pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) has failed to improve the success rate for persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF), due to incomplete block of ablation lines, especially in the mitral isthmus (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study enrolled 191 patients (66 in group 1 and 125 in group 2). In group 1, ethanol infusion into the vein of Marshall was first performed, followed by radiofrequency (RF) applications targeting bilateral PVAI and bidirectional block in the roofline, cavotricuspid isthmus, and MI. In group 2, PVAI and the three linear ablations were completed using only RF energy. MI block was achieved in 63 (95.5%) and 101 (80.8%) patients in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p = .006). Patients in group 1 had shorter ablation time for left pulmonary vein antrum (8.15 vs. 12.59 min, p < .001) and MI (7.0 vs. 11.8 min, p < .001) and required less cardioversion (50 [78.5%] vs. 113 [90.4%], p = .007). During the 12-month follow-up, 58 (87.9%) patients were free from atrial fibrillation/atrial tachycardia in group 1 compared with 81 (64.8%) in group 2 (p < .001). In multivariate cox regression, the "upgraded 2C3L" procedure is associated with a lower recurrence rate (hazard ratio = 0.27, 95% confidence interval = 0.12-0.59). CONCLUSION: Compared with the conventional "2C3L" approach, the "upgraded 2C3L" approach has higher effectiveness for ablation of PeAF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Taquicardia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1224, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619276

RESUMO

In view of increasing drug resistance, ecofriendly photoelectrical materials are promising alternatives to antibiotics. Here we design an interfacial Schottky junction of Bi2S3/Ti3C2Tx resulting from the contact potential difference between Ti3C2Tx and Bi2S3. The different work functions induce the formation of a local electrophilic/nucleophilic region. The self-driven charge transfer across the interface increases the local electron density on Ti3C2Tx. The formed Schottky barrier inhibits the backflow of electrons and boosts the charge transfer and separation. The photocatalytic activity of Bi2S3/Ti3C2Tx intensively improved the amount of reactive oxygen species under 808 nm near-infrared radiation. They kill 99.86% of Staphylococcus aureus and 99.92% of Escherichia coli with the assistance of hyperthermia within 10 min. We propose the theory of interfacial engineering based on work function and accordingly design the ecofriendly photoresponsive Schottky junction using two kinds of components with different work functions to effectively eradicate bacterial infection.


Assuntos
Bismuto/química , Luz , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos da radiação , Sulfetos/química , Titânio/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Catálise/efeitos da radiação , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Masculino , Camundongos , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células NIH 3T3 , Nanopartículas/química , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/química , Análise Espectral , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos da radiação , Eletricidade Estática , Temperatura
18.
J Dent ; 107: 103599, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to prepare carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) and lysozyme nanogels that could encapsulate amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) for achieving its controlled delivery, thus forming an aprismatic enamel-like layer on the demineralized enamel surface. METHODS: CMC/LYZ-ACP nanogels were developed, and the controlled delivery of ACP from the nanogels was induced by the presence of NaCl. The nanogel morphologies at various NaCl concentrations was measured by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The particle sizes and zeta potentials (ζ-potential) of the samples were determined using a combined dynamic light scattering/particle electrophoresis instrument. Comparing the remineralization effect of the CMC/LYZ-ACP nanogels on the demineralized enamel surface with that of a fluoride treatment, the remineralization effect was examined by nanoindentation tests, X-ray diffraction (XRD), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: CMC/LYZ-ACP nanogels were negatively charged spherical structures with a particle size of approximately 300 nm. At high concentrations of NaCl (0.15 M), ACP was dissociated from the disassembled nanogels and transformed into hydroxyapatite (HAP). Groups treated with the CMC/LYZ-ACP nanogels showed the regeneration of an aprismatic enamel-like layer on an acid-etched enamel surface, which provided increased mechanical properties (P < 0.05) and a high impermeability (P < 0.01) compared to those of the fluoride-treated group. CONCLUSIONS: This research provides a new idea for the stable and controllable delivery of ACP from CMC/LYZ-ACP nanogels, which can form an aprismatic enamel-like layer in situ on the surface of demineralized enamel. In regard to further clinical development, this material and method may be promising for treating early enamel caries.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Caseínas , Esmalte Dentário , Muramidase , Nanogéis , Remineralização Dentária
19.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 14(4): 636-646, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33409963

RESUMO

Transforming growth factor-ß1 signaling pathways are known to involve in the development of post-infarction fibrosis, a process characterized by the aberrant activation, proliferation, and differentiation of fibroblasts, as well as the unbalanced turnover of extracellular matrix proteins. Recent studies have shown that Lefty1, a novel member of TGF-ß superfamily, acts as a brake on the TGF-ß signaling pathway in non-cardiac tissues. However, its role in myocardial infarction (MI)-induced fibrosis and left ventricular remodeling has not been fully elucidated. Here, for the first time, we reported that Lefty1 alleviated post-MI fibroblast proliferation, differentiation, and secretion through suppressing p-Smad2 and p-ERK1/2 signaling pathways in vivo and in vitro. In MI mice or TGF-ß1-treated neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFBs), the expression of Lefty1 was upregulated. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of Lefty1 significantly attenuated TGF-ß1-induced CFBs' proliferation, differentiation, and collagen production. Using the adeno-associated virus approach, we confirmed that Lefty1 attenuates MI-induced cardiac injury, as evidenced by the decreased infarct size and preserved cardiac function. These results highlight the importance of Lefty1 in the prevention of post-MI fibrosis and may help identify potential targets for therapeutic intervention of cardiac fibrosis. Graphical abstract.

20.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(2): 772-786, 2021 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411504

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT), an emerging approach that involves photosensitizers, light, and molecular oxygen, has shown promise for fighting periodontitis. However, PDT does not always acquire the desired therapeutic outcomes since some photosensitizers have strong hydrophobic properties and are difficult to absorb efficiently by periodontal pathogenic bacteria. Here, a hydrophobic photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) was hydrophilically modified via conjugation with TAT peptide, a cationic cell-penetrating peptide, to improve its solubility and enhance its bacterial adsorption by promoting its interaction with the negatively charged cell walls and penetration through the cell membranes. The obtained TAT-Ce6 conjugate (TAT-Ce6) was used to prepare self-assembled nanoparticles (NPs) for loading tinidazole (TDZ), a clinically used antibiotic agent, thus hoping to achieve synergistic antiperiodontitis effects through combining PDT and antibiotic therapy. Compared to free Ce6, TAT-Ce6 nanoparticles (TAT-Ce6 NPs) had greatly enhanced adsorption and penetration abilities for periodontal pathogen bacteria and also exhibited significantly increased PDT efficiencies in both periodontal pathogen bacteria and monocyte macrophages. Upon 635 nm laser irradiation, TDZ-loaded TAT-Ce6 (TAT-Ce6/TDZ) NPs exerted remarkable synergistic antiperiodontitis effects of PDT and antibiotic therapy, reflecting in the effective killing of periodontal pathogenic bacteria in vitro and the reduced adsorption of alveolar bone in the Sprague-Dawley rat model of periodontitis. Altogether, this study develops a novel photosensitizer that can be efficiently absorbed by the periodontal pathogenic bacteria and also provides a potent combination strategy of PDT with antibiotic therapy for clinical periodontitis treatment.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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