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1.
Adv Mater ; 31(40): e1903173, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420924

RESUMO

Building-integrated photovoltaics employing transparent photovoltaic cells on window panes provide an opportunity to convert solar energy to electricity rather than generating waste heat. Semitransparent organic photovoltaic cells (ST-OPVs) that utilize a nonfullerene acceptor-based near-infrared (NIR) absorbing ternary cell combined with a thin, semitransparent, high conductivity Cu-Ag alloy electrode are demonstrated. A combination of optical outcoupling and antireflection coatings leads to enhanced visible transmission, while reflecting the NIR back into the cell where it is absorbed. This combination of coatings results in doubling of the light utilization efficiency (LUE), which is equal to the product of the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and the average photopic transparency, compared with a conventional semitransparent cell lacking these coatings. A maximum LUE = 3.56 ± 0.11% is achieved for an ST-OPV with a PCE = 8.0 ± 0.2% at 1 sun, reference AM1.5G spectrum. Moreover, neutral colored ST-OPVs are also demonstrated, with LUE = 2.56 ± 0.2%, along with Commission Internationale d'Eclairage chromaticity coordinates of CIE = (0.337, 0.349) and a color rendering index of CRI = 87.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(31): 28138-28144, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298835

RESUMO

Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) are currently being developed for applications ranging from bioelectronics to neuromorphic computing. We show that fullerene derivatives with glycolated side chains can serve as n-type active layers for OECTs with figures of merit exceeding the best reported conjugated-polymer-based n-type OECTs. By comparing two different fullerene derivatives, [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) and 2-(2,3,4-tris(methoxtriglycol) phenyl) [60]fulleropyrrolidine (C60-TEG), we find that the hydrophilic glycolated side chains in C60-TEG enable volumetric doping of C60-TEG films. In contrast, the hydrophobic nature of PCBM prevents ions from penetrating into the material. Our results demonstrate that small-molecule semiconductors follow many of the same design principles established for conjugated polymers and can function as high-performing mixed electronic/ionic conductors for efficient, fast OECTs.

3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2152, 2019 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089140

RESUMO

The flexibility in structural design of organic semiconductors endows organic solar cells (OSCs) not only great function-tunabilities, but also high potential toward practical application. In this work, simple non-fused-ring electron acceptors are developed through two-step synthesis from single aromatic units for constructing efficient OSCs. With the assistance of non-covalent interactions, these rotatable non-fused acceptors (in solution) allow transiting into planar and stackable conformation in condensed solid, promoting acceptors not only feasible solution-processability, but also excellent film characteristics. As results, decent power conversion efficiencies of 10.27% and 13.97% can be achieved in single and tandem OSCs consisting of simple solution-cast blends, in which the fully unfused acceptors exhibit exceptionally low synthetic complexity index. In addition, the unfused acceptor and its based OSCs exhibit promising stabilities under continuous illumination. Overall, this work reveals valuable insights on the structural design of simple and effective electron acceptors with great practical perspectives.

4.
Cell Commun Signal ; 17(1): 54, 2019 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In previous research, we found that lamprey immune protein (LIP) possessed cytocidal activity against tumor cells, but the mechanism of the selective recognition and killing of tumor cells by LIP was not identified. METHODS: Superresolution microscopy, crystallographic structural analysis, glycan chip assay, SPR experiments, FACS assays, computational studies and mass spectrometric analysis firmly establish the mode of action of LIP, which involves dual selective recognition and efficient binding. RESULTS: We determined the overall crystallographic structure of LIP at a resolution of 2.25 Å. LIP exhibits an elongated structure with dimensions of 105 Å × 30 Å × 30 Å containing an N-terminal lectin module and a C-terminal aerolysin module. Moreover, the Phe209-Gly232 region is predicted to insert into the lipid bilayer to form a transmembrane ß-barrel, in which the hydrophobic residues face the lipid bilayer, and the polar residues constitute the hydrophilic lumen of the pore. We found that LIP is able to kill various human cancer cells with minimal effects on normal cells. Notably, by coupling biochemical and computational studies, we propose a hypothetical mechanism that involves dual selective recognition and efficient binding dependent on both N-linked glycans on GPI-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) and sphingomyelin (SM) in lipid rafts. Furthermore, specific binding of the lectin module with biantennary bisialylated nonfucosylated N-glycan or sialyl Lewis X-containing glycan structures on GPI-APs triggers substantial conformational changes in the aerolysin module, which interacts with SM, ultimately resulting in the formation of a membrane-bound oligomer in lipid rafts. CONCLUSIONS: LIP holds great potential for the application of a marine protein towards targeted cancer therapy and early diagnosis in humans.

5.
Immunogenetics ; 71(5-6): 421-432, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089760

RESUMO

Cathepsins are key mammalian proteases that play an important role in the immune response. Several studies have revealed the versatile and critical functions of cathepsins. Here, we obtained ten kinds of cathepsin homologs and identified seven homologs with complete coding sequences. Phylogenetic analysis verified their identities and supported the classification of cathepsins into seven families, which is similar to other vertebrates. Tissue-specific expression analysis showed that all lamprey cathepsins (L-cathepsins) are present in the supraneural body (SB), kidney, gill, intestine, brain, heart, and liver, but their relative abundance varied among tissues. Additionally, we focused on the lamprey cathepsin L (L-cathepsin L) and used recombinant L-cathepsin L protein (rL-cathepsin L) to prepare anti rL-cathepsin L polyclonal antibodies, which were used to detect its distribution in lamprey tissues. The L-cathepsin L protein was primarily detected in the SB, kidney, gill, intestine, brain, and liver via western blot and immunohistochemistry assays. Importantly, quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR) revealed that the expression level of L-cathepsins mRNA significantly increased after exposure to three different stimuli (poly I:C, Staphylococcus aureus (S.a) and Vibro anguilarum (V.an)). This suggested that L-cathepsins may participate in defense processes. These results revealed that L-cathepsins may play key roles in the immune response to exogenous stimuli. The findings provide important information for future studies aiming to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the immune response to pathogen invasion in lamprey.


Assuntos
Catepsinas/genética , Lampreias/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Catepsinas/química , Catepsinas/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Evolução Molecular , Expressão Gênica , Genômica/métodos , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Imunomodulação , Lampreias/classificação , Lampreias/imunologia , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(5)2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845720

RESUMO

Short-range localization and life tracking have been hot research topics in the fields of medical care, consumer electronics, driving assistance, and indoor robots/drones navigation. Among various sensors, microwave and mm-wave continuous-wave (CW) radar sensors are gaining more popularity in their intrinsic advantages such as simple architecture, easy system integration, high accuracy, relatively low cost, and penetration capability. This paper reviews the recent advances in CW radar systems for short-range localization and life tracking applications, including system improvement, signal processing, as well as the emerging applications integrated with machine learning.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(7): 3073-3082, 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685975

RESUMO

Herein, we investigated a series of fullerene-free organic solar cells (OSCs) based on six different donor:acceptor (D:A) blends with varied highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) offsets from -0.05 to 0.21 eV. First, to verify the energetic compatibility of a specific D:A pair, especially for HOMO offsets, we established a simple method to estimate the hole transfer tendencies between D and A by using bilayer hole-only devices. It reveals that the asymmetrical diode effect of the bilayer hole-only devices can correlate with the FF and Jsc of the relevant OSCs. Second, to find out whether HOMO offset is the main restriction of hole transfer, we measured transient absorption spectra and examined the hole transfer behavior in the blends, revealing that the occurrence of hole transfer is independent of the HOMO offsets and ultrafast in the time scale of ≤4.6 ps for those blends with ≥0 eV HOMO offsets. In contrast, a negative HOMO offset can significantly slow down the hole transfer with a half-time of ∼400 ps. Furthermore, we compare the device parameters under varied light intensities and discover that the bimolecular recombination should be one of the main restrictions for high device performance. Surprisingly, small HOMO offsets of 0 and 0.06 eV can also enable high PCEs of 10.42% and 11.75% for blend 2 (PTQ10:HC-PCIC) and blend 3 (PBDB-TF:HC-PCIC), respectively. Overall, our work demonstrates not only the validity of high-performance OSCs operating at the near zero HOMO offsets but also the charge dynamic insights of these blends, which will help gain understanding on the further improvement of OSCs.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30516954

RESUMO

To further advance polymer solar cells requires the fast evolution of π-conjugated materials, as well as better understanding of their structure-property relationships. Herein, we present three co-polymers (PT1, PT2, PT3) made through tuning π-bridges (without any group, thiophene, and 3-hexylthieno[3,2-b]thiophene) between electron rich (D: BDTT) and deficient (A: BDD) units. The comparative studies reveal the unique correlation that the tune of π-bridge on the polymeric backbone governs the solid stacking and photovoltaic properties of resultant poly(BDTT-alt-BDD)s, which provide an effective way to deliver new and efficient polymer with feasible processability. That is, polymers with either twist zigzag backbone (PT1) or with linear co-planar backbone (PT2) result in both inferior photovoltaic performance upon simple solution casting. Among them, PT3 with extended zigzag backbone and planar segments exhibits suitable processability and retains good efficiency in non-fullerene solar cells through single solvent-cast without involving tedious treatments. This work illustrates the tuning of D-π-A polymer backbone facilitates efficient materials with feasible processability, promising for scale-up fabrication.

9.
Adv Mater ; : e1803769, 2018 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30397928

RESUMO

Solar photon-to-electron conversion with polymer solar cells (PSCs) has experienced rapid development in the recent few years. Even so, the exploration of molecules and devices in efficiently converting near-infrared (NIR) photons into electrons remains critical, yet challenging. Herein presented is a family of near-infrared nonfullerene acceptors (NIR NFAs, T1-T4) with fluorinated regioisomeric A-Aπ-D-Aπ-A backbones for constructing efficient single-junction and tandem PSCs with photon response up to 1000 nm. It is found that the tuning of the regioisomeric bridge (Aπ) and fluoro (F)-substituents on a molecular skeleton strongly influences the backbone conformation and conjugation, leading to the optimized optoelectronic and stable stacking of resultant NFAs, which eventually impacts the performance of derived PSCs. In PSCs, the proximal NFAs with varied F-atoms (T1-T3) mostly outperform than that of distal NFA (T4). Notably, single-junction PSC with PTB7-Th:T2 blend can reach 10.87% power conversion efficiency (PCE), after implementing a solvent additive to improve blend morphology. Moreover, efficient tandem PSCs are fabricated through integrating such NIR cells with mediate bandgap nonfullerene-based subcells, to achieve a PCE of 14.64%. The results reveal the structural design of organic semiconductor and device with improved photovoltaic performance.

10.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 92: 50-59, 2018 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30423344

RESUMO

High mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) acts as a potent proinflammatory cytokine that involves in the pathogenesis of diverse inflammatory and infectious disorders. In previous study, we identified a homolog of HMGB1 in the Lampetra japonica(L-HMGB1), and further revealed that L-HMGB1 was able to induce the production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in activated human acute monocytic leukemia cells. However, the role of L-HMGB1 played in lamprey was unknown. Here, we found that L-HMGB1 was located in the cytoplasm of lamprey leukocytes and supraneural body (SB) cells. Importantly, we demonstrated that L-HMGB1 participated in activation of various key molecules in inflammation signaling pathway. LPS also promoted the release of L-HMGB1 from SB cells similar to Hu-HMGB1, and then extracellular L-HMGB1 in turn induced the release of cytokines. This study revealed that the synergistic action of LPS and L-HMGB1 played a crucial role in inflammation in lamprey. Our results suggested that lampreys used L-HMGB1 to activate their innate immunity for the purpose of pathogen defense.

11.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2018: 4432-4435, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30441335

RESUMO

Respiration monitoring for apnea diagnosis and movement tracking for physical activity analysis are essential and valuable indicators of underlying medical conditions in senior health care. Compared with other health sensing technologies, radar has shown its advantages in terms of non-contact implementation, immunity to ambient light and temperature changes, hardware simplicity, and long range coverage. Among various radar types, frequency-shift keying (FSK) radar inherits the ability to measure respiration from Doppler radar, while also having the ability to track the absolute range of a moving target with much less bandwidth requirement than frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar and ultra-wideband (UWB) radar. Therefore, in this paper, an FSK radar system is employed for both remote respiration monitoring and absolute range tracking. Fundamental theory and operating principle of FSK system are detailed. Respiration monitoring and range tracking experiments of a human subject were performed in an indoor environment. Results are presented to demonstrate the practical feasibility of the FSK sensing technology being applied to single senior home care applications.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30444596

RESUMO

Insufficient driving forces defined as the energetic offsets of the frontier molecular orbitals between a donor and an acceptor influence the charge separation in organic solar cells (OSCs), thus restricting the improvement of quantum efficiencies. Herein, we demonstrate that enhancing charge transfer between fullerene and non-fullerene acceptors via ternary strategy is an effective method to address this problem. By introducing an electron acceptor [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) as the third component to the binary blends based on the polymer donor of poly[(2,6-(4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)-4-fluorothiophen-2-yl)-benzo[1,2- b:4,5- b']dithiophene))- alt-(5,5-(1',3'-di-2-thienyl-5',7'-bis(2-ethylhexyl)benzo[1',2'- c:4',5'- c']dithiophene-4,8-dione)] (PBDB-TF) and the small-molecule acceptor of 2,2'-((2 Z,2' Z)-(((2,5-difluoro-1,4-phenylene)bis(4,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-4 H-cyclopenta[2,1- b:3,4- b']dithiophene-6,2-diyl))bis(methanylylidene))bis(5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1 H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile (HF-PCIC) or 2,2'-((2 Z,2' Z)-(((2,5-difluoro-1,4-phenylene)bis(4,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-4 H-cyclopenta[2,1- b:3,4- b']dithiophene-6,2-diyl))bis(methanylylidene))bis(5,6-dichloro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1 H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile (HC-PCIC) with unfused cores, the quantum efficiencies can be boosted from ∼70% for binary blends to over 80% for ternary blends in the longer wavelength ranges. PC71BM shows lower energy levels and higher electron mobility, benefiting the charge transfer and transport in ternary OSCs and resulting in an enhanced quantum efficiency. As a result, ternary OSCs based on PBDB-TF/HF-PCIC/PC71BM and PBDB-TF/HC-PCIC/PC71BM exhibit high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 11.55 and 12.36%, respectively. In addition, excellent thermal stabilities are realized for both ternary OSCs, which retained ∼80% initial PCEs after thermal treatment at 130 °C for 12 h, indicating that the active layer morphology containing fullerene/non-fullerene acceptors is stabilized. This work demonstrates efficient and thermally stable ternary OSCs with enhanced charge transfer between fullerene and non-fullerene acceptors via the modulation of energy levels, which helps to better understand the working mechanism of ternary OSCs.

13.
Small ; 14(39): e1802349, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30168671

RESUMO

Ultraviolet-visible-near infrared (UV-Vis-NIR) broadband detection is important for image sensing, communication, and environmental monitoring, yet remains as a challenge in achieving high external quantum efficiency (EQE) in the broad spectrum range. Herein, sensitive broadband integrated photodetectors (PDs) with high EQE levels are reported. The organic bulk-heterojunction (OBHJ) layer, based on a NIR sensitive organic acceptor, is employed to extend the response spectrum of the perovskite PDs. A key strategy of introducing dual electron transport materials respectively for Vis and NIR regions into the active layer of integrated PDs is applied. Further combined with the proper energy level alignment and reasonable distribution of PC61 BM in the active layer, the extraction and transport of photo induced charges in between perovskite and OBHJ is promoted efficiently. The integrated PD with the optimized structure exhibits an EQE mostly beyond 70% in the Vis-NIR region, which is the highest value among the ever reported solution-processable broadband PDs. The highest responsivity is 0.444 and 0.518 A W-1 in the Vis and NIR region, respectively. The specific detectivity is beyond 1010 Jones in the range from 340 to 940 nm, enabling the device to detect weak signals in the UV to NIR broad region.

14.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 5(8): 1800755, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30128263

RESUMO

Herein, efficient organic solar cells (OSCs) are realized with the ternary blend of a medium band gap donor (poly[(2,6-(4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)-benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene))-alt-(5,5-(1',3'-di-2-thienyl-5',7'-bis(2-ethylhexyl)benzo[1',2'-c:4',5'-c']dithiophene-4,8-dione)] (PBDB-T)) with a low band gap acceptor (2,2'-((2Z,2'Z)-(((2,5-difluoro-1,4-phenylene)bis(4,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b']dithiophene-6,2-diyl))bis(methanylylidene))bis(5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile (HF-PCIC)) and a near-infrared acceptor (2,2'-((2Z,2'Z)-(((4,4,9,9-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-4,9-dihydro-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']dithiophene-2,7-diyl)bis(4-((2-ethylhexyl)oxy)thiophene-5,2-diyl))bis(methanylylidene))bis(5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile (IEICO-4F)). It is shown that the introduction of IEICO-4F third component into PBDB-T:HF-PCIC blend increases the short-circuit current density (Jsc) of the ternary OSC to 23.46 mA cm-2, with a 44% increment over those of binary devices. The significant current improvement originates from the broadened absorption range and the active layer morphology optimization through the introduction of IEICO-4F component. Furthermore, the energy loss of the ternary cells (0.59 eV) is much decreased over that of the binary cells (0.80 eV) due to the reduction of both radiative recombination from the absorption below the band gap and nonradiative recombination upon the addition of IEICO-4F. Therefore, the power conversion efficiency increases dramatically from 8.82% for the binary cells to 11.20% for the ternary cells. This work provides good examples for simultaneously achieving both significant current enhancement and energy loss mitigation in OSCs, which would lead to the further construction of highly efficient ternary OSCs.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29993789

RESUMO

In this paper, a noncontact breathing disorder recognition system has been proposed for identifying irregular breathing patterns. The proposed system consists of a Doppler radar-based sensor module and a machine-learning-based breathing disorder recognition module. A custom-designed 2.4-GHz continuous wave (CW) digital-IF Doppler radar is utilized as the radar sensor module to accurately capture the time-domain breathing waveform. Then a recognition module is designed with selected features and optimized classifiers. Four sets of experiments have been carried out to evaluate the proposed system comprehensively. In which, for the laboratorial experiments, the proposed system achieves 94.7 % classification accuracy using the linear SVM classifier with seven selected features. Results of clinical experiments demonstrate the feasibility of long-term breathing disorder recognition with good accuracy and robustness, and illustrate the potential of the proposed solution for the auxiliary diagnosis of diseases.

16.
Cell Cycle ; 17(8): 963-973, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29712537

RESUMO

It is believed that the alteration of tissue microenvironment would affect cancer initiation and progression. However, little is known in terms of the underlying molecular mechanisms that would affect the initiation and progression of breast cancer. In the present study, we use two murine mammary tumor models with different speeds of tumor initiation and progression for whole genome expression profiling to reveal the involved genes and signaling pathways. The pathways regulating PI3K-Akt signaling and Ras signaling were activated in Fvb mice and promoted tumor progression. Contrastingly, the pathways regulating apoptosis and cellular senescence were activated in Fvb.B6 mice and suppressed tumor progression. We identified distinct patterns of oncogenic pathways activation at different stages of breast cancer, and uncovered five oncogenic pathways that were activated in both human and mouse breast cancers. The genes and pathways discovered in our study would be useful information for other researchers and drug development.

17.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 39(14): e1800102, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786920

RESUMO

The formulation of optoelectronic components into 1D nanostructures allows the promotion of new materials with multifunctionalities. In this work, it is demonstrated that new synthesis of photocatalytic carbon nanofiber decorated with semi-embedded titanium oxide (TiO2 ), namely, TiO2 @carbon fiber, is conveniently accessed through the electrospinning of polyacrylonitrile polymer and TiO2 particle comixture, and then followed by photon-activated self-erosion to expose the embedded TiO2 and carbonization. The hybrid nanofibers are characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Furthermore, the photocatalytic activities of the resultant fibers are tested with photodegradation of Rhodamine B in aqueous solution, which reveals that the carbon nanofiber with semi-embedded TiO2 drastically improved catalytic efficiency and recyclability, comparing to those fibers without or with embedded TiO2 .


Assuntos
Catálise , Fotólise , Rodaminas/química , Titânio/química , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Adsorção , Carbono/química , Fibra de Carbono , Nanofibras/química
18.
Chem Sci ; 9(3): 702-711, 2018 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29629139

RESUMO

As societal challenges go, the development of efficient biorefineries as a means of reducing our dependence on petroleum refineries is high on the list. One of the core strengths of the petroleum refinery is its ability to produce a huge range of different products using all of the components of the starting material. In contrast, the target of using all the biopolymers present in lignocellulosic biomass is far from realised. Even though our ability to use the carbohydrate-based components has advanced, our plans for lignin lag behind (with the notable exception of vanillin production). One approach to lignin usage is its controlled depolymerisation. This study focuses on an increasingly popular approach to this challenge which involves highly selective lignin oxidation to give a material often referred to as ligninOX. But what do we mean by ligninOX? In this study we show that it is possible to form many different types of ligninOX depending on the oxidation conditions that are used. We show that variations in the levels of processing of the ß-O-4, the ß-ß and a third linkage occur. Through use of this information, we can form a well-defined ligninOX from six different hardwood lignins. This process is reproducible and can be carried out on a large scale. With a source of well-defined ligninOX in hand, we show that it can be converted to simple aromatic monomers and that any remaining ligninOX is sufficiently soluble for further processing to be carried out.

19.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 37(1): 34, 2018 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CLCA2 was reported as a tumor suppressor and disregulated in breast cancer. However, its function in tumor growth and metastasis in NPC has rarely been reported. In this study, we investigated the functional and molecular mechanisms by which CLCA2 influences NPC. METHODS: CLCA2 expression in human NPC cell lines and tissues was examined via real-time PCR (RT-PCR), Western blot and IHC. The biological roles of CLCA2 in proliferative, migration and invasion of NPC cell lines was evaluated in 5-8F, S18, S26 and SUNE-1 cells. Cell viability, migration and invasion were assessed in vitro by MTS, colony formation and transwell assay, respectively. CLCA2 in growth and metastasis of NPC were evaluated in vivo through NPC xenograft tumor growth, lung metastatic mice model and popliteal lymph node (LN) metastasis model. RESULTS: Overexpression of CLCA2 significantly decreased proliferation, migration and invasion of NPC cells. In contrast, knockdown of CLCA2 elicited the opposite effects. CLCA2 overexpression suppressed xenograft tumor growth and lung, popliteal lymph node (LN) metastasis in vivo. CLCA2 inhibited tumor metastasis through suppressing epithelial-Mesenchymal transition (EMT) and in-activating FAK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway in NPC cells. Immunohistochemical staining of 143 NPC samples revealed that CLCA2 expression was an independent, favorable prognostic factor for overall survival and distant metastasis-free survival of patients. In addition, inhibition of FAK and ERK1/2 reversed CLCA2 silencing-induced tumor cell migration. Furthermore, inhibitors against chloride channels suppressed NPC cellular migration which could have been enhanced by the presence of CLCA2. CONCLUSION: CLCA2 suppress NPC proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition through inhibiting FAK/ERK signaling.

20.
J Cancer ; 9(1): 92-99, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29290773

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the long-term survival outcomes and acute toxicity between locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients who received either weekly or 3-weekly cisplatin during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Methods: Between November 2008 and August 2011, 241 biopsy-proved NPC patients receiving concurrent cisplatin with intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) were included. 90 patients treated with 4-7 weeks of 30-40 mg/m2 cisplatin weekly were matched with 90 patients who received two or three cycles of 80 mg/m2 cisplatin three-weekly by sex, age, T stage, N stage, Karnosky performance score (KPS). IMRT was presented to the nasopharyngeal gross target volume at 66-72 Gy/30-32 fractions and those involved neck area at 60-66 Gy/30-32 fractions. Results: The median follow-up time was 69 months (range, 2-91 months), and the 5-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates were 85.6% vs. 90.0% (P = 0.207), 85.6% vs. 92.6% (P = 0.152), 94.4% vs. 96.7% (P = 0.411), and 88.9% vs. 95.6% (P = 0.107) for the group treated weekly and 3-weekly cisplatin, respectively. No statistically significant survival differences were found between the two treatment groups in both univariate and multivariate analyses. The similar incidence of acute toxicities was observed between two groups. Conclusions: Concurrent cisplatin-based chemotherapy administered weekly or three-weekly in combination with IMRT leads to similar acute toxicities and long-term survival outcomes in locoregionally advanced NPC patients.

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