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1.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 42(9): 1311-1321, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study evaluated interventional treatments (recanalization, balloon dilation, and/or stent placement) for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), caused by combined obstruction of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and hepatic veins (HVs). METHODS: Before and after interventional therapy, patients with BCS (n = 162; asymptomatic 105.2 ± 103.3 mo; follow-up 15 [6-24] mo) underwent imaging studies (color Doppler ultrasound, CT, or MRI), and inferior vena cavography and manometry. Venous lesions were characterized by occlusion features, and presence of thrombosis and peripheral collateral vessels. RESULTS: One, 2, and 3 main HV occlusions were observed, respectively, in 25 (15.4%), 61 (37.7%), and 76 (46.9%) patients. Eighty-three (51.2%), 98 (60.5%), and 104 (64.2%) patients had, respectively, large accessory HVs, venous collaterals formed between the HVs, or venous communicating branches between the HV and the peritoneal veins. The middle, left, and right HV was patent in 32 (19.8%), 35 (21.6%), and 44 (27.2%) patients. Recanalization of both hepatic and caval occlusions was successful in 96% (51/53) of those attempted; recanalization of IVC occlusion was successful in 97% (106/109). Among 157 patients successfully treated, 146 were cured and 11 showed clinical improvement. Clinical symptoms were relieved in 82.4% after the initial intervention, and 94.2% after the second intervention. CONCLUSION: Recanalization and balloon angioplasty was effective for the management of BCS with concurrent HV and IVC occlusions. The majority of patients required only IVC recanalization. The outcome of patients treated only by IVC intervention was similar to that of patients given combined HV and IVC intervention.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Budd-Chiari/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Veias Hepáticas/patologia , Veias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , China , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Feminino , Veias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 115: 108916, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054506

RESUMO

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can induce bone loss by stimulating osteoclast formation. Colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF 1R) inhibitors have great potential for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and tumor-related bone erosion. However, its role in LPS-induced bone loss is still not clarified. In this study, we observed the effects of CSF 1R inhibitor, PLX3397, on LPS-induced bone damage in an animal model. The models were established by LPS administration in male Sprague-Dawley rats. PLX3397 (30 mg/kg body weight) was given by oral gavage. MicroCT analysis, biomechanical properties, biomarker assay, histological examination, and mRNA expression of osteoclast differentiation-related genes (Traf6, Fra1, c-fos and NFATc1) were performed on the 8th week. LPS induced bone loss was shown as the decrease in bone volume fraction and trabecular number and increase in trabecular separation (p < 0.05). LPS exposure also markedly decreased the bone biomechanical properties. PLX3397 significantly abolished the LPS-induced bone microstructure damage (p < 0.05) and loss of biomechanical properties. PLX3397 also inhibited the increases of serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b level enhanced by LPS (p < 0.05). PLX3397 attenuated the high expression of Traf6, Fra1, c-fos and NFATc1 stimulated by LPS. Our data demonstrated that PLX3397, a type of CSF 1R inhibitor, can suppress LPS-induced bone loss via the inhibition osteoclast formation.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Reabsorção Óssea/prevenção & controle , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Pirróis/farmacologia , Receptor de Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/patologia , Osso Esponjoso/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso Esponjoso/metabolismo , Osso Esponjoso/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/patologia , Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Osteoporose/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos , Tíbia/metabolismo , Tíbia/patologia
3.
Exp Ther Med ; 16(6): 5227-5235, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30542478

RESUMO

Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare clinical syndrome caused by the obstruction of hepatic venous outflow. In theory, hepatic congestion and hypoxia induce pathological damage and changes in the liver. However, at present, laboratory evidence supporting this theory is lacking. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression and significance of the hypoxia-associated indicators malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and endotoxin (ET) in the liver and serum of subjects with BCS. An animal model of BCS was established by partial ligation of the inferior vena cava (IVC) in rats. The levels of MDA, SOD and ET in the serum of BCS patients, as well as in the liver and serum of rats with BCS, were detected and analyzed. In human patients with BCS, the serum levels of MDA, ET and SOD were significantly different from those in healthy control subjects. In the animal model, similar trends were observed regarding the MDA, ET and SOD levels in liver homogenate and serum (P<0.05), the degree of which was more pronounced in the liver homogenate than in the serum. At 6 weeks after the surgery, these indicators reached peak/valley levels in the experimental group and were at least partially restored by week 12. A negative correlation between MDA and SOD, a positive correlation between MDA and ET, and a negative correlation between SOD and ET was identified. In conclusion, the levels of hypoxia-associated indicators significantly changed with BCS progression, suggesting that hypoxia is a major factor in the pathogenesis of BCS.

4.
Exp Ther Med ; 16(5): 4141-4149, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402156

RESUMO

To date, interventional therapy for patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) due to hepatic vein obstruction (HVO) has not been standardized in China. In Western countries, BCS primarily occurs due to thrombosis and the majority of patients receive thrombolysis. In China, BCS is mostly caused by the membranous occlusion of the HV or IVC. The present retrospective study evaluated the efficacy of recanalization techniques in patients with primary BCS due to HVO. The data of 69 patients with BCS due to HVO, who underwent endovascular therapy at 2 centers in China between December 2010 and December 2012, were analyzed. All of the patients underwent balloon angioplasty. In addition, 14, 6 and 5 patients received thrombolysis, endovascular stent and thrombolysis + endovascular stent, respectively. The overall technical success rate was 95.7% (66/69), and was comparable among the treatments. The HV pressure after the treatments was significantly lower compared with that prior to the procedures (23.3±6.9 vs. 46.5±8.6 cmH2O; P<0.001). The mean follow-up duration was 75 months (range, 60-84 months). During the 5-year follow-up, 10 patients (15.2%) had developed a recurrence of BCS-associated symptoms, of which 7 were successfully treated. The cumulative survival rates at 12, 36 and 60 months after endovascular interventional therapy (balloon angioplasty or combined treatment) were 98.5, 98.5 and 93.9%, respectively. After treatment by endovascular therapy, the patients with BCS caused by HVO had high survival rates and low recurrence rates in the short- and mid-term.

5.
Onco Targets Ther ; 10: 4051-4057, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28860813

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and adverse effects of radioiodine (131I) therapy between two groups of patients with low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) who received 30 mCi or 100 mCi radioiodine for ablation of the thyroid remnant after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: The study cohort was 173 patients, 85 of whom were given 30 mCi of radioiodine and the others were given 100 mCi of radioiodine. Follow-up involved neck ultrasonography, measurement of serum levels of thyroglobulin and whole-body scans to evaluate the response of radioiodine treatment. All patients were assessed for adverse effects. RESULTS: Of the 173 patients, 170 (98.3%) patients finally achieved successful ablation. The prevalence of successful ablation was 77.6% in the low-dose group versus 71.5% in the high-dose group after the first dose administration (P=0.36), 79% in the low-dose group versus 88% in the high-dose group after the second dose administration (P=0.416), and 97.6% in the low-dose group versus 98.9% in the high-dose group after the final ablation (P=0.54). We found no significant differences between the two groups. No patient had an adverse effect with a severity grade ⩾2 and the prevalence of adverse effects in the high-dose group was higher than that in the low-dose group, especially for nausea, neck pain, and sore throat. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that a low dose of radioiodine is as effective as a high dose of radioiodine for ablation of the thyroid remnant after total thyroidectomy for low-risk DTC. Moreover, low-dose radioiodine therapy is associated with a lower prevalence of adverse events.

6.
Exp Ther Med ; 13(2): 405-412, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28352308

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to compare multislice computed tomography angiography (MSCTA) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in the diagnosis of aortic dissection. In total, 49 patients with aortic lesions received enhanced computed tomography scanning, and three-dimensional (3D) images were reconstructed by volume rendering (VR), maximum intensity projection (MIP), multiplanar reformation (MPR) and curved planar reconstruction (CPR). The display rate of the entry tear site, intimal flap, true and false lumen from each reconstruction method was calculated. For 30 patients with DeBakey type III aortic dissection, the entry tear site and size of the first intimal flap, aortic maximum diameter at the orifice of left subclavian artery (LSCA), distance between the first entry tear site and the orifice of LSCA, and maximum diameter of aortic true and false lumens were measured prior to implantation of endovascular covered stent-grafts. Data obtained by MSCTA and DSA were then compared. For the entry tear site, MPR, CPR and VR provided a display rate of 95.92, 95.92 and 18.37%, respectively, and the display rate of the intimal flap was 100% in the three methods. MIP did not directly display the entry tear site and intimal flap. For true and false lumens, MPR, CPR, and VR showed a display rate of 100%, while MIP only provided a display rate of 67.35%. When MSCTA was compared with DSA, there was a significant difference in the display of entry site number and position (P<0.05), whereas no significant difference was shown in the measurement of aortic maximum diameter at the orifice of LSCA and the maximum diameter of true and false lumens (P>0.05). In conclusion, among the 3D post-processing reconstruction methods of MSCTA used, MPR and CPR were optimal, followed by VR, and MIP. MSCTA may be the preferable imaging method to diagnose aortic dissection and evaluate treatment of endovascular-covered stent-grafting, preoperatively.

7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 26(9): 680-3, 2005 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16471217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effective strategies for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) surveillance and identification in rural areas of central China. METHODS: In a selected rural prefecture area of central China, an epidemiological investigation was conducted for all reported HIV/AIDS cases. A historical and analytic review was performed, with particular interests in examining the HIV epidemic reporting and identification system. RESULTS: Among all 626 reported HIV-infected individuals in the selected prefecture, 86.1% (539/626) of them were infected through commercial plasma donation or clinically operated blood transfusion. With respect to disease surveillance and identification in the area, 52.2% (327/626) of all the cases were reported by hospitals or clinics. The number and proportion of HIV/AIDS cases identified or reported at county, prefecture, and provincial levels were 207 (33.1%), 303 (48.4%) and 116 (18.5%), respectively. The number and proportion of HIV/AIDS identified through specific epidemiological investigations and/or voluntary testing had been increased in recent years. In addition, among HIV/AIDS cases that were clinically identified, the proportion of those who were identified as outpatients had steadily increased,with the highest proportion (59.3%) observed in 2004. CONCLUSIONS: In rural areas of central China where the major mode of HIV transmission was through commercial plasma donation or clinically operated blood transfusion, hospitals and clinics seemed to have played and would continue to play important roles regarding HIV identification and surveillance. The role of institutions or settings at the prefecture level regarding HIV identification and surveillance should not be ignored.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/transmissão , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Demografia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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