Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 158
Filtrar
1.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1890, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Age at menarche (AAM) has shown different trends in women from different ethnic and economic regions in recent decades. Data on AAM among multiethnic women living in developing areas are scarce. METHODS: Data on AAM from 1,275,000 women among 26 ethnicities in Yunnan Province, China, who were born from 1965 to 2001 were obtained from the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project from 2010 to 2018. The patterns of AAM trends were analysed according to ethnic group, area of residence, and socioeconomic status. RESULTS: The mean AAM was 13.7 ± 1.21 years (95% CI 13.697-13.701), with a decrease from 14.12 (±1.41) among women born before 1970 to 13.3 (±1.04) among those born after 2000. The decline was 0.36 years per 10-year birth cohort, and the plateau has not yet been reached in Yunnan. A secular trend of earlier AAM was observed in all 26 ethnic groups. The fastest rate of decline was observed for the Bai ethnicity (0.36 years per decade). Consistent declining trends in AAM appeared among extreme-, middling-, and nonpoverty economic patterns from 1965 to 2001, with reductions of 1.19, 1.44, and 1.5 years, respectively (P < 0.001). The peak reduction among middling poverty and extreme poverty occurred in the early 2000s (0.4 and 0.32 years). Multivariate analysis showed a significant difference in the declining trends in AAM along rural/urban lines (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: There was a secular trend towards a younger AAM during the twentieth century and early twenty-first century birth cohorts in the Yunnan population. Considering the difference in AAM trends due to ethnic and socioeconomic status in Yunnan, the health authority should utilize flexible adjusted health care strategies in different regions.

2.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 217, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has gained widespread application in treating chronic heart failure (CHF) secondary to coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the sound clinical evidence is still lacking. Corresponding clinical trials vary considerably in the outcome measures assessing the efficacy of TCM, some that showed the improvement of clinical symptoms are not universally acknowledged. Rational outcome measures are the key to evaluate efficacy and safety of each treatment and significant elements of a convincing clinical trial. We aimed to summarize and analyze outcome measures in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TCM in treating CHF caused by CHD, subsequently identify the present problems and try to put forward solutions. METHODS: We systematically searched databases including Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang from inception to October 8, 2018, to identify eligible RCTs using TCM interventions for treating CHF patients caused by CHD. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) was searched to include Cochrane systematic reviews (CSRs) of CHF. Two authors independently assessed the risk of bias of the included RCTs according to the Cochrane Handbook. Outcome measures of each trial were extracted and analyzed those compared with the CSRs. We also evaluated the reporting quality of the outcome measures. RESULTS: A total of 31 RCTs were included and the methodology quality of the studies was generally low. Outcome measures in these RCTs were mortality, rehospitalization, efficacy of cardiac function, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), 6 min' walk distance (6MWD) and Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), of which mortality and rehospitalization are clinical end points while the others are surrogate outcomes. The reporting rate of mortality and rehospitalization was 12.90% (4/31), the other included studies reported surrogate outcomes. As safety measure, 54.84% of the studies reported adverse drug reactions. Two trials were evaluated as high in reporting quality of outcomes and that of the other 29 studies was poor due to lack of necessary information for reporting. CONCLUSIONS: The present RCTs of TCM in treating CHF secondary to CHD did not concentrate on the clinical end points of heart failure, which were generally small in size and short in duration. Moreover, these trials lacked adequate safety evaluation, had low quality in reporting outcomes and certain risk of bias in methodology. For objective assessment of the efficacy and safety of TCM in treating CHF secondary to CHD, future research should be rigorous designed, set end points as primary outcome measures and pay more attention to safety evaluation throughout the trial.

3.
Nanomicro Lett ; 13(1): 194, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519929

RESUMO

It is of great importance to explore a creative route to improve the degradation efficiency of organic pollutants in wastewater. Herein, we construct a unique hybrid system by combining self-powered triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) with carbon dots-TiO2 sheets doped three-dimensional graphene oxide photocatalyst (3DGA@CDs-TNs), which can significantly enhance the degradation efficiency of brilliant green (BG) and direct blue 5B (DB) owing to the powerful interaction of TENG and 3DGA@CDs-TNs photocatalyst. The power output of TENG can be applied for wastewater purification directly, which exhibits a self-powered electrocatalytic technology. Furthermore, the results also verify that TENG can replace conventional electric catalyst to remove pollutants effectively from wastewater without any consumption. Subsequently, the unstable fragments and the plausible removal pathways of the two pollutants are proposed. Our work sheds light on the development of efficient and sustainable TENG/photocatalyst system, opening up new opportunities and possibilities for comprehensive utilization of random energy.

4.
Anal Chem ; 93(37): 12514-12523, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490773

RESUMO

Despite that the currently discovered CRISPR-Cas12a system is beneficial for improving the detection accuracy and design flexibility of luminescent biosensors, there are still challenges to extend target species and strengthen adaptability in complicated biological media. To conquer these obstacles, we present here some useful strategies. For the former, the limitation to nucleic acids assay is broken through by introducing a simple functional DNA regulation pathway to activate the unique trans-cleavage effect of this CRISPR system, under which the expected biosensors are capable of effectively transducing a protein (employing dual aptamers) and a metal ion (employing DNAzyme). For the latter, a time-gated luminescence resonance energy transfer imaging manner using a long-persistent nanophosphor as the energy donor is performed to completely eliminate the background interference and a nature-inspired biomimetic periodic chip constructed by photonic crystals is further combined to enhance the persistent luminescence. In line with the above efforts, the improved CRISPR-Cas12a luminescent biosensor not only exhibits a sound analysis performance toward the model targets (carcinoembryonic antigen and Na+) but also owns a strong anti-interference feature to actualize accurate sensing in human plasma samples, offering a new and applicative analytical tool for laboratory medicine.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , Biomimética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , DNA/genética , Humanos , Luminescência
5.
Waste Manag ; 135: 140-149, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507185

RESUMO

In the present research, a series of metal oxides were employed to investigate the role of varied acid-base site on kinetics and mechanism for catalytic fast pyrolysis of cellulose using TG-MS and Py-GC/MS. The results showed that the modulation of acidity-to-basicity value via altering metal oxides constituents significantly affected the transformation pathway for cellulose pyrolysis. Higher acidity-to-basicity ratios accelerated the proceeding of deoxygenation process, wherein 39.4% aromatics and 34.7% aliphatic hydrocarbons were achieved using Al2O3 (acidity-to-basicity value of 1.38) at 750 °C with a catalyst/cellulose mass ratio of 15:1. In comparison, lowering acidity-to-basicity ratios mainly facilitated the ketonization and aldol condensation, therefore over 70% ketones was attained in the case of CaO catalysis. The kinetic studies further verified the promotional role of acid-base sites on cellulose pyrolysis with apparent activation energy as low as 33.72 kJ/mol, in comparison with that of cellulose pyrolysis without adding catalysts. From another aspect, the composite metal oxides with better porous structures contributed to deoxygenation conversion for the production of aromatics and aliphatic hydrocarbons. Moreover, plausible reaction pathway for cellulose pyrolysis over metal oxides was proposed. This work would provide a good reference for the realization of product regulation from cellulose pyrolysis via adjusting acid-base sites in metal oxides.


Assuntos
Celulose , Pirólise , Biomassa , Catálise , Temperatura Alta , Cinética , Óxidos
6.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1500, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the psychological status and vulnerability characteristics of medical staff with the progress of the epidemic. METHODS: This study investigated the prevalence of mental problems of 2748 medical staff in four stages. The PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire), GAD-7 (Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire), SSS (Somatization Symptom Checklist), Pittsburgh sleep quality index, and PCL-C (Self-rating scale for post-traumatic stress disorder) were used for the psychological evaluation, and univariate logistic standardised analysis, and multivariate logistic regression for data analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of mental problems showed a statistically significant difference. In Stage 1, mild anxiety and mild depression reached the highest value of 41.4 and 40.72% respectively. Between 4 and 17 March that of mild depression rose from 16.07 to 26.7%, and between 17 and 26 March the prevalence of mild anxiety increased from 17.28 to 20.02%. Female, unmarried, and working in Wuhan are the risk factors of mental health of medical staff (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The psychological status of the medical staff has changed dynamically. Stage 1 and the latter period of Stages 2 and 3 are the high-risk stages. Female and unmarried are the dangerous characteristics of psychological vulnerability.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4961, 2021 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400640

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer (EC) is a type of aggressive cancer without clinically relevant molecular subtypes, hindering the development of effective strategies for treatment. To define molecular subtypes of EC, we perform mass spectrometry-based proteomic and phosphoproteomics profiling of EC tumors and adjacent non-tumor tissues, revealing a catalog of proteins and phosphosites that are dysregulated in ECs. The EC cohort is stratified into two molecular subtypes-S1 and S2-based on proteomic analysis, with the S2 subtype characterized by the upregulation of spliceosomal and ribosomal proteins, and being more aggressive. Moreover, we identify a subtype signature composed of ELOA and SCAF4, and construct a subtype diagnostic and prognostic model. Potential drugs are predicted for treating patients of S2 subtype, and three candidate drugs are validated to inhibit EC. Taken together, our proteomic analysis define molecular subtypes of EC, thus providing a potential therapeutic outlook for improving disease outcomes in patients with EC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Proteômica , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular , Estudos de Coortes , Elonguina/genética , Elonguina/metabolismo , Humanos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/genética , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/metabolismo
8.
Dalton Trans ; 50(35): 12137-12146, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396381

RESUMO

In this article, we synthesized a series of new warm-white emitting persistent luminescent phosphors by co-doping Zn2+ into Pr3+ activated BaLu2Al2Ga2SiO12, and systematically investigated the effect of Zn2+ co-doping on both their photoluminescence and persistent luminescence properties. Following the removal of UV excitation, the phosphor emits warm-white persistent luminescence consisting of greenish-blue and red emissions originating from 3P0 and 1D2 multiplet electron transitions at the 4f level of Pr3+. The luminescence properties of the Ba1-xZnxLu2Al2Ga2SiO12:Pr3+ phosphors can be modified by changing the content of Ba/Zn in the host, which affects the non-radiative energy flow between 5d1-3P0-1D2 levels and resultantly enhances the intensity of the 4f → 4f transition. Compared with the undoped sample, Zn2+ co-doping can significantly enhance the persistent luminescence intensity of the phosphors in the range of 400-800 nm and reduce the intensity in the UV region. Meanwhile, Zn2+ co-doping can also change the intensity ratio between the greenish-blue and red emissions, and the persistent luminescence color can be tuned from red to warm-white with the increase of Zn2+ concentration. Besides, the Zn2+ ions entering the crystal lattice also enhance the persistent luminescence performance by modifying the defect levels in the phosphor. For the optimized phosphor, bright warm-white persistent luminescence can be observed by the naked eye in the dark after the removal of the excitation source for 4 h. Based on the experimental results, a feasible mechanism was also proposed to reveal the persistent luminescence generation process for the BaLu2Al2Ga2SiO12:Pr3+,Zn2+ phosphor.

9.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 207: 112015, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364252

RESUMO

A series of polyacrylate/nanoemulsion composites were prepared to form a new kind of nanoemulsion, their particle sizes and polydispersity indices were measured. The particle sizes of the polyacrylate/nanoemulsion composites are consistent with nanoemulsions used in the system. In addition, an ELISA-specific antigen-antibody binding method was used for physical adsorption experiments on ovalbumin. Results showed that the adsorption performance of the polyacrylate/nanoemulsion system is best when the particle size was 55 nm, and the nanoemulsion content was 20 wt%, 30 wt%, or 40 wt%. Meanwhile, in order to select the optimum experimental conditions, in vivo immunity experiments in mice were carried out to analyze the adjuvant properties of ovalbumin as a model antigen. Analysis of ovalbumin-specific IgG, IgG1, and IgG2a antibody titers showed the best results when the particle size of the polyacrylate/nanoemulsion composites is 55 nm, the polyacrylate content is 0.5 wt%, and the nanoemulsion contents is 20 wt%. Meanwhile, titer analysis also showed that the polyacrylate obviously enhanced the IgG2a titer in mice. Our polyacrylate/nanoemulsion composites can both stimulate humoral and cellular immunity and have an enhanced adjuvant effect on water-soluble protein antigens.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Antígenos , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Animais , Imunidade Celular , Camundongos , Ovalbumina , Tamanho da Partícula
10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15138, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302019

RESUMO

Direct tests of gene function have historically been performed in a limited number of model organisms. The CRISPR/Cas system is species-agnostic, offering the ability to manipulate genes in a range of models, enabling insights into evolution, development, and physiology. Astatotilapia burtoni, a cichlid fish from the rivers and shoreline around Lake Tanganyika, has been extensively studied in the laboratory to understand evolution and the neural control of behavior. Here we develop protocols for the creation of CRISPR-edited cichlids and create a broadly useful mutant line. By manipulating the Tyrosinase gene, which is necessary for eumelanin pigment production, we describe a fast and reliable approach to quantify and optimize gene editing efficiency. Tyrosinase mutants also remove a major obstruction to imaging, enabling visualization of subdermal structures and fluorophores in situ. These protocols will facilitate broad application of CRISPR/Cas9 to studies of cichlids as well as other non-traditional model aquatic species.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(27): 31485-31494, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184527

RESUMO

Owing to their favorable design flexibility and eminent signal amplification ability, DNA nanomachine-supported biosensors have provided an attractive avenue for intracellular fluorescence imaging, especially for DNA walkers. However, this promising option not only suffers from poor controllability but also needs to be supplied with additional driving forces on account of the frequent employment of metal ion-dependent DNAzymes. Aiming at overcoming these obstacles, we introduce some fruitful solutions. On one hand, innovative light-activated walking behavior induced by a photocleavage mode is established on the surfaces of gold nanoparticles, and such a photoselective sensing system can be perfectly prevented from pre-activating during the intracellular delivery process and made to achieve target identification only under irradiation using a moderate ultraviolet light source. On the other hand, this light-switchable sensing frame is encapsulated within a dissociable metal-organic framework (ZIF-8) to facilitate endocytosis and ensure sufficient internal cofactors (Zn2+) to realize a self-driven pattern in the acidic environment of the cell lysosome. Based on the abovementioned efforts, the newly constructed autonomous three-dimensional DNA walkers present satisfactory sensitivity (a limit of detection of down to 19.4 pM) and specificity (even distinguishing single-base changes) toward a model biomarker (microRNA-21). More importantly, the sensing method allows determination of the variations in targets in living cancer cells with exceptional precision and efficiency, offering a powerful assay platform for intracellular imaging.


Assuntos
DNA/química , DNA/metabolismo , Luz , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Sobrevivência Celular , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química
12.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 190: 113445, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153827

RESUMO

Benefiting from the outstanding signal amplification effect and the admirable construction flexibility, the currently proposed DNA motors (particularly DNA walkers) based biosensing concepts have provided a forceful fluorescence imaging tool for intracellular detection. Even so, this promising sensing means is not only subject to poor controllability and prone to produce false signals but also requires exogenous powering forces owing to the common employment of DNAzyme. In response to these challenges, we are herein motivated to present some meaningful solving strategies. For one thing, the surfaces of gold nanoparticles are conducted with a photo-gated walking behavior by introducing a photocleave mode, under which the light-switchable DNA walkers are capable of being selectively activated via an external ultraviolet source to faultlessly prevent the sensing frame from being pre-initiated during cellular uptake and intracellular delivery. For another, the intracellular biothiols are consumed by MnO2 nanosheets to effectively avoid the competitions to Au-S bonds to eliminate potential false outputs and also self-supply sufficient cofactors (Mn2+) to actualize a self-powered operation pattern as well as facilitate the endocytosis process. Following these breakthroughs, a favorable analysis performance towards a model tumor biomarker (survivin mRNA) is endowed with the newly raised biosensor, whose sensitivity is low to pM level with a sound specificity for identifying single base mismatching. Moreover, the significantly improved autonomous three-dimensional DNA walkers can be used to determine and dynamically trace the targets in live cancer cells with an exceptional precise and efficient manner, commendably impelling the sensing ability of DNA motors in biological specimens.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , Nanopartículas Metálicas , MicroRNAs , DNA/genética , Ouro , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Survivina/genética
13.
Development ; 148(14)2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152408

RESUMO

The development of ovarian follicles constitutes the foundation of female reproduction. The proliferation of granulosa cells (GCs) is a basic process required to ensure normal follicular development. However, the mechanisms involved in controlling GC cell cycle are not fully understood. Here, by performing gene expression profiling in the domestic pig (Sus scrofa), we showed that cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase is highly correlated with pathways associated with hypoxic stress and FOXO signalling. Specifically, the elevated proportion of GCs at the arrested G0/G1 phase was accompanied by increased nuclear translocation of FOXO1 under conditions of hypoxia both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, phosphorylation of 14-3-3 by the JNK kinase is required for hypoxia-mediated FOXO1 activation and the resultant G0/G1 arrest. Notably, a FOXO1 mutant without DNA-binding activity failed to induce G0/G1 arrest of GCs during hypoxia. Importantly, we identified a new target gene of FOXO1, namely TP53INP1, which contributes to suppression of the G1-S cell cycle transition in response to hypoxia. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of the FOXO1-TP53INP1 axis on the GC cell cycle is mediated through a p53-CDKN1A-dependent mechanism. These findings could provide avenues for the clinical treatment of human infertility caused by impaired follicular development.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Ciclo Celular , Divisão Celular , Proliferação de Células , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Feminino , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Fase G1 , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Humanos , Hipóxia/genética , Fosforilação , Fase de Repouso do Ciclo Celular , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
14.
Sci Adv ; 7(20)2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990327

RESUMO

Sensory processing is subjected to modulation by behavioral contexts that are often mediated by long-range inputs to cortical interneurons, but their selectivity to different types of interneurons remains largely unknown. Using rabies-virus tracing and optogenetics-assisted recording, we analyzed the long-range connections to various brain regions along the hierarchy of visual processing, including primary visual cortex, medial association cortices, and frontal cortices. We found that hierarchical corticocortical and thalamocortical connectivity is reflected by the relative weights of inputs to parvalbumin-positive (PV+) and vasoactive intestinal peptide-positive (VIP+) neurons within the conserved local circuit motif, with bottom-up and top-down inputs preferring PV+ and VIP+ neurons, respectively. Our algorithms based on innervation weights for these two types of local interneurons generated testable predictions of the hierarchical position of many brain areas. These results support the notion that preferential long-range inputs to specific local interneurons are essential for the hierarchical information flow in the brain.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008059

RESUMO

Facing with COVID-19 epidemic such a catastrophic health emergency, the mental health status of medical staff deserves attention. We conducted a two-stage of psychological status monitoring after the end of the assistance and 14 days of isolation, further targeted the vulnerable groups in need of intervention. The study is a cross-sectional survey on 1156 Yunnan medical staff aid to Hubei. Used Cluster sampling method to collect data at 2 time points (at the end of returning from Wuhan and the 14th day of isolation), from March 18, 2020 to April 6, 2020. Female and nurse had higher rates of depressive symptoms than male and doctors and other occupations. The proportion of female with mild and above moderate anxiety levels (22.91%, 2.61%) was higher than male (17.35%, 1.03%) (p < 0.05). Female had a better impaired sleep quality (45.06%, 17.49%) more than male (28.57%, 7.94%). Medical staff supported in Wuhan and with junior professional titles reported a higher proportion of sleep quality impairment. At the 14th isolation day stage, the proportion of nurses changed from depression to health (9.15%) and from health to depression (6.1%) better than doctors. The front-line medical staffs had suffered greater psychological pressure in the treatment process of major public health emergency. Researches on the dynamic monitor for the change of psychological status after aiding epidemic areas were still in relatively blank stage. Targeting the vulnerable characteristics of aiding medical staff is significant for effective psychological intervention and sustainable operation of health system.

16.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2950, 2021 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011979

RESUMO

Human motions, such as joint/spinal bending or stretching, often contain information that is useful for orthopedic/neural disease diagnosis, rehabilitation, and prevention. Here, we show a badge-reel-like stretch sensing device with a grating-structured triboelectric nanogenerator exhibiting a stretching sensitivity of 8 V mm-1, a minimum resolution of 0.6 mm, a low hysteresis, and a high durability (over 120 thousand cycles). Experimental and theoretical investigations are performed to define the key features of the device. Studies from human natural daily activities and exercise demonstrate the functionality of the sensor for real-time recording of knee/arm bending, neck/waist twisting, and so on. We also used the device in a spinal laboratory, monitoring human subjects' spine motions, and validated the measurements using the commercial inclinometer and hunchback instrument. We anticipate that the lightweight, precise and durable stretch sensor applied to spinal monitoring could help mitigate the risk of long-term abnormal postural habits induced diseases.


Assuntos
Articulações/fisiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Coluna Vertebral/fisiologia , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Sistemas Computacionais , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Cifose/diagnóstico , Cifose/fisiopatologia , Sistemas Microeletromecânicos/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Movimento/fisiologia , Postura/fisiologia
18.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(5): 416, 2021 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879777

RESUMO

DDRGK domain-containing protein 1 (DDRGK1) is an important component of the newly discovered ufmylation system and its absence has been reported to induce extensive endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Recently, emerging evidence indicates that the ufmylation system is correlated with autophagy, although the exact mechanism remains largely unknown. To explore the regulation mechanism of DDRGK1 on autophagy, in this study, we established an immortalized mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cell lines harvested from the DDRGK1F/F:ROSA26-CreERT2 mice, in which DDRGK1 depletion can be induced by 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT) treatment. Here, we show that DDRGK1 deficiency in MEFs has a dual effect on autophagy, which leads to a significant accumulation of autophagosomes. On one hand, it promotes autophagy induction by impairing mTOR signaling; on the other hand, it blocks autophagy degradation by inhibiting autophagosome-lysosome fusion. This dual effect of DDRGK1 depletion on autophagy ultimately aggravates apoptosis in MEFs. Further studies reveal that DDRGK1 loss is correlated with suppressed lysosomal function, including impaired Cathepsin D (CTSD) expression, aberrant lysosomal pH, and v-ATPase accumulation, which might be a potential trigger for impairment in autophagy process. Hence, this study confirms a crucial role of DDRGK1 as an autophagy regulator by controlling lysosomal function. It may provide a theoretical basis for the treatment strategies of various physiological diseases caused by DDRGK1 deficiency.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 50(16): 5666-5675, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908955

RESUMO

A series of novel non-gallate near-infrared long-persistent phosphorescence Mg2-xZnxSnO4:Cr3+ phosphors were synthesized, and their structure and luminescence properties were investigated systematically. Under 448 nm blue light excitation, all the phosphors exhibit a broad emission band centered at 730 nm and a shoulder peak at 708 nm, which are attributed to the 4T2(4F) → 4A2 and 2E → 4A2 transitions of Cr3+, respectively. The excitation spectra of the samples clearly show the characteristic excitation of Cr3+ in the octahedral crystal field, with three obvious peaks at 324, 448 and 620 nm respectively. The phosphor with a composition of Mg1.4Zn0.6SnO4:0.03Cr3+ shows the strongest photoluminescence intensity which is 2.87 times and 3.09 times that of Mg2SnO4:0.03Cr3+ and Zn2SnO4:0.03Cr3+, respectively. Besides, all the samples show intense near-infrared long-persistent phosphorescence. For the optimized sample Mg1.4Zn0.6SnO4:0.005Cr3+, its phosphorescence can still be observed with a night vision instrument 18 h after removing the 365 nm UV light source. Finally, a feasible phosphorescence mechanism of the Mg1.4Zn0.6SnO4:Cr3+ phosphor was proposed and discussed. This study may provide a new method for developing novel near-infrared long-persistent phosphorescence phosphors through crystal structure modification.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...