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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770192

RESUMO

Periodontitis is the most prevalent chronic inflammatory oral disease that is characterized by tooth loss and is commonly associated with several systemic inflammatory diseases. Some epidemiological studies suggest that those suffering from periodontitis might be at a greater risk of developing gastric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection; however, evidence that showing the association between periodontitis and the risk of gastric Hp infection is less clear. We conducted a large-scale, population-based study in Taiwan with a 13-year follow-up period to evaluate the risk of gastric Hp in a periodontitis patient cohort. To conduct this study, we used epidemiological data from the Taiwanese Longitudinal National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from 2000 to 2013. We selected 134,474 participants (64,868 males and 69,606 females with a minimum age of 20 years), with and without periodontitis, and matched patient cohort groups for age, sex, index year, and co-morbidities. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to examine the risk of gastric Hp infection in patients with periodontitis. Patients with periodontitis exhibited a higher risk of developing gastric Hp infection compared to those individuals/groups without periodontitis (1.35 vs. 0.87 per 1000 person-years, adjusted the hazards ratio (aHR 1.52), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) 1.38-1.67, p < 0.001). The risk of gastric Hp infection persisted even after stratifying by age (aHR = 1.96 (1.79-2.13) for 50-64 years and 1.70 (1.49-1.94) for ≥65 years), gender (aHR = 1.20 (1.11-1.29) for men), and presence of comorbidities of hypertension (aHR = 1.24 (1.11-1.38)), hyperlipidemia (aHR = 1.28 (1.14-1.42)), COPD (aHR = 1.45 (1.31-1.61)), CLD (aHR = 1.62 (1.47-1.77)) and CKD (aHR = 1.44 (1.04-1.99)). Overall, our findings showed that periodontitis patients have a greater risk for gastric Hp than individuals without periodontitis. Clinicians should perform regular good oral hygiene practices, along with newer treatments, for patients with periodontitis, especially those at higher risk of gastric Hp infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Periodontite , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Postgrad Med ; 133(8): 865-872, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Studies on the association of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels with hospital discharge disposition after stroke are limited with inconsistent results. This study investigated the odds of home discharge with eGFR levels at admission for patients with stroke using the Taiwan Stroke Registry (TSR) data. METHODS: From the TSR database, a total of 51,338 stroke patients from 2006 to 2015 were categorized into five groups based on eGFR levels at admission. The proportion of home discharge by the eGFR levels was calculated and logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the related odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Near 85% of stroke patients were discharged to home. The proportion of home discharges decreased as the eGFR level declined. Compared to patients with eGFR ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2, the adjusted ORs of home discharge were 0.91, 0.85, 0.63, 0.56 for patients with eGFR 60-89, eGFR 30-59, eGFR 15-29, and eGFR < 15 mL/min/1.73 m2 or on dialysis, respectively, in a graded relationship. The trends were consistent in the ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke patients. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve for all stroke patients, ischemic stroke patients, and hemorrhagic stroke patients were 0.801, 0799, 0.815, respectively. CONCLUSION: The odds of home discharge for stroke patients decreased with a significant independent graded association with declining eGFR levels. Renal function could predict home discharge after stroke.

4.
J Cell Biochem ; 122(11): 1749-1760, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383347

RESUMO

Bone is the common extra-hepatic site for cancer metastasis. Hepatic cancer is associated with a higher incidence of pathological fracture. However, this important regulatory mechanism remains unexplored. Thus, exosome-mediated cell-cell communication between hepatocellular cancer and bone might be key to osteolytic bone destruction. Huh-7 exosomes were characterized for size and exosome marker expressions (CD63, Alix). Exosome mediated osteoclast differentiation in the RAW 264.7 cells was monitored from day 1 to 6 and multinucleated osteoclast formation and bone resorption activity were analyzed. The osteoclastogenic factor expressions in the exosomes and osteoclast differentiation markers such as tumor necrosis factor receptor 6 (TRAF6), nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1), and cathepsin K (CTSK) were analyzed using western blot. Exosomes released by liver cancer cells (Huh-7) promoted osteoclast differentiation in RAW 264.7 cells. Analysis of osteoclastogenic factors in the exosomes showed that exosomes were specifically enriched with tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). Huh-7 exosomes promoted osteoclast differentiation by significantly increasing the number of TRAP-positive multi nucleated osteoclasts and resorption pits. Importantly, exosomes upregulated osteoclast markers TRAF6, NF-κB, and CTSK expressions. Further, neutralizing exosomal TNF-α reverted exosome-mediated osteoclast differentiation in RAW 264.7 cells. Collectively, our findings show that cellular communication of exosomal TNF-α from hepatocellular cancer cells (Huh-7) regulates osteoclast differentiation through NF-κB/CTSK/TRAP expressions. Thus, exosomal TNF-α might act as an important therapeutic target to prevent hepatocellular cancer mediated pathological bone disease.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15079, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302051

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are both common diseases of the elderly people. COPD induced systemic inflammation and hypoxia may have an impact on the development of AMD. This study investigated the possible association between COPD and subsequent risk of AMD. A retrospective cohort study was conducted based on the data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. The COPD cohort comprised 24,625 adult patients newly diagnosed during 2000-2012, whereas age-, gender-, and the year of diagnosis-matched non-COPD cohort comprised 49,250 individuals. Incident AMD was monitored to the end of 2013. A Cox proportional hazards model was applied to evaluate the risk of AMD. The COPD cohort showed 1.25 times higher AMD incidence than the non-COPD cohort (4.80 versus 3.83 per 1000 person-years, adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 1.20 [95% confident interval (CI) = 1.10-1.32]). Stratified analyses for age, gender, and presence of comorbidity resulted in significant adjusted HRs in most subgroups. Further analysis revealed that the COPD group had an increased risk of both the exudative and non-exudative types of AMD (adjusted HRs = 1.49 [95% CI = 1.13-1.96] and 1.15 [95% CI = 1.05-1.26], respectively). COPD patients have an increased risk for AMD development. Clinicians should provide adequate care for the ocular health to these patients.


Assuntos
Degeneração Macular/etiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan
6.
Front Nutr ; 8: 661794, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34136518

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether probiotic administration could slow declining renal function. C57BL/6 mice (6-8 weeks of age, male) were fed a diet supplemented with adenine to induce chronic kidney disease (CKD). The experimental groups were additionally supplemented with 109 colony-forming units (CFU)/day (high-dose) and 107 CFU/day (low-dose) probiotics containing Lactobacillus acidophilus (TYCA06), Bifidobacterium longum subspecies infantis (BLI-02), and B. bifidum (VDD088). Renal function and histology were examined. Patients with stage 3-5 CKD and not on dialysis were recruited from July 2017 to January 2019. Two capsules of probiotics containing 2.5 × 109 CFU with the same composition were administered twice daily for 6 months. The decline in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was measured before and after the intervention. In addition, changes in the serum endotoxin and cytokine levels, gastrointestinal symptom scores, and the stool microbiota were measured. Probiotics could attenuate renal fibrosis and improve renal function in CKD mice. Thirty-eight patients completed the 6-month study. The mean baseline eGFR was 30.16 ± 16.52 ml/min/1.73 m2. The rate of decline in the eGFR was significantly slower, from -0.54 (-0.18, -0.91) to 0.00 (0.48, -0.36) ml/min/1.73 m2/month (P = 0.001) after 6 months of treatment. The serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-18, and endotoxin were significantly decreased after probiotic administration. Borborygmus and flatulence scores, as well as stool formation improved significantly. The abundance of B. bifidum and B. breve in the stool microbiota increased significantly. In conclusion, a combination of probiotics might attenuate renal function deterioration in CKD mice and human patients.

7.
Perit Dial Int ; : 8968608211018949, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (PD peritonitis) on long-term outcomes is uncertain. This nationwide retrospective study was conducted in Taiwan to understand the incidence, risk factors and long-term outcomes of PD peritonitis. METHODS: A total of 11,202 incident adult peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients from 2000 to 2010 were collected from a Longitudinal Health Insurance Database and followed up until the end of 2011. Definition of peritonitis, the primary outcome, simultaneously met the diagnosis of peritonitis (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification 567) and antibiotic use. Secondary outcomes included the impact of peritonitis on PD discontinuation and survival. Cox proportional hazards models with and without time-dependent variables were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: There were 7634 peritonitis episodes in 4245 patients during the follow-up period. The overall incidence of peritonitis was 0.18 episodes per patient-year. Peritonitis-associated risk factors included older age, female gender, chronic heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, liver cirrhosis and lower monthly income. In an adjusted Cox hazard proportional regression with the time-dependent model, peritonitis patients had a higher risk of PD discontinuation (HR 2.71, 95% CI 2.52-2.92) and mortality (HR 1.68, 95% CI 1.57-1.81) compared to patients without peritonitis. The adjusted HRs for mortality increased with each prior episode: one episode, two episodes and more than two episodes (all p < 0.05). The adjusted HRs for PD discontinuation also increased with the frequency of peritonitis. These negative effects were greatest during the first year and persisted significantly after 5 years. In a sensitivity analysis in which peritonitis within 30 days of death or PD discontinuation was excluded, peritonitis patients still had significantly increased risk of PD discontinuation and mortality compared to patients without peritonitis. CONCLUSIONS: Although peritonitis incidence was low, our findings reveal that peritonitis carried acute and long-term sequelae of higher PD discontinuation and lower patient survival.

8.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 253, 2021 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a common renal disorder affecting approximately 1 in 1000 live births. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease worldwide. This study investigated the risk of TB infection in patients with PKD. METHODS: A nationwide population-based cohort study was performed using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. We used patients' hospitalization files for the entire analysis during 2000-2012. As per diagnosis, we divided patients into PKD and non-PKD cohorts and the major outcome was TB infection. RESULTS: A total of 13,540 participants with 6770 patients in each cohort were enrolled. The PKD cohort had a higher risk of TB infection than did the non-PKD cohort after adjusting for age, sex, and comorbidities (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 1.91, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.51-2.43). When classifying by sites of pulmonary TB (PTB) and extrapulmonary TB (EPTB), the PKD cohort demonstrated a significantly higher risk of EPTB (aHR = 2.44, 95% CI = 1.46-4.08) as well as a risk of PTB (aHR = 1.69, 95% CI = 1.29-2.22). When stratified by the presence or absence of a comorbidity, high TB infection risk was noted in the PKD patients without any comorbidity (HR = 2.69, 95% CI = 1.69-4.30). CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our findings suggest that PKD is associated with a 1.91-fold increased risk of TB infection. Medical professionls should maintain a high index of suspicion in daily practice for patients with PKD, particularly those with EPTB infection.


Assuntos
Doenças Renais Policísticas , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Tuberculose , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Doenças Renais Policísticas/complicações , Doenças Renais Policísticas/epidemiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tuberculose/complicações , Tuberculose/epidemiologia
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(10)2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069162

RESUMO

Therapeutic elevation of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is thought to minimize atherogenesis in subjects with dyslipidemia. However, this is not the case in clinical practice. The function of HDL is not determined by its concentration in the plasma but by its specific structural components. We previously identified an index for the prediction of HDL functionality, relative HDL (rHDL) index, and preliminarily explored that dysfunctional HDL (rHDL index value > 2) failed to rescue the damage to endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). To confirm the effectiveness of the rHDL index for predicting HDL functions, here we evaluated the effects of HDL from patients with different rHDL index values on the endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) of EPCs. We also analyzed the lipid species in HDL with different rHDL index values and investigated the structural differences that affect HDL functions. The results indicate that HDL from healthy adults and subjects with an rHDL index value < 2 protected transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1-stimulated EndoMT by modulating Smad2/3 and Snail activation. HDL from subjects with an rHDL index value > 2 failed to restore the functionality of TGF-ß1-treated EPCs. Lipidomic analysis demonstrated that HDL with different rHDL index values may differ in the composition of triglycerides, phosphatidylcholine, and phosphatidylinositol. In conclusion, we confirmed the applicability of the rHDL index value to predict HDL function and found structural differences that may affect the function of HDL, which warrants further in-depth studies.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas HDL/química , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Idoso , Dislipidemias/sangue , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lipoproteínas HDL/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilcolinas/sangue , Fosfatidilcolinas/química , Fosfatidilinositóis/sangue , Fosfatidilinositóis/química , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Triglicerídeos/química , Adulto Jovem
10.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072966

RESUMO

The plasmon-activated water (PAW) that reduces hydrogen bonds is made of deionized reverse osmosis water (ROW). However, compared with ROW, PAW has a significantly higher diffusion coefficient and electron transfer rate constant in electrochemical reactions. PAW has a boiling point of97 °C and specific heat of0.94; the energy of PAW is also 1121 J/mol higher than ordinary water. The greater the force of hydrogen bonds between H2O, the larger the volume of the H2O cluster, and the easier it is to lose the original characteristics. The hydrogen bonding force of PAW is weak, so the volume of its cluster is small, and it exists in a state very close to a single H2O. PAW has a high permeability and diffusion rate, which can improve the needs of biological applications and meet the dependence of biological organisms on H2O when performing physiological functions. PAW can successfully remove free radicals, and efficiently reduce lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced monocytes to release nitric oxide. PAW can induce expression of the antioxidant gene Nrf2 in human gingival fibroblasts, lower amyloid burden in mice with Alzheimer's disease, and decrease metastasis in mice grafted with Lewis lung carcinoma cells. Because the transferring plasmon effect may improve the abnormality of physiological activity in a biological system, we aimed to evaluate the influence of PAW on orthotopic allograft transplantation (OAT)-induced vasculopathy in this study. Here, we demonstrated that daily intake of PAW lowered the progression of vasculopathy in OAT-recipient ACI/NKyo rats by inhibiting collagen accumulation, proliferation of smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts, and T lymphocyte infiltration in the vessel wall. The results showed reduced T and B lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophage activation in the spleen of the OAT-recipient ACI/NKyo rats that were administered PAW. In contrast to the control group, the OAT-recipient ACI/NKyo rats that were administered PAW exhibited higher mobilization and levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells associated with vessel repair. We use the transferring plasmon effect to adjust and maintain the biochemical properties of water, and to meet the biochemical demand of organisms. Therefore, this study highlights the therapeutic roles of PAW and provides more biomedical applicability for the transferring plasmon effect.

11.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2021: 5571822, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33968445

RESUMO

Background: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is a standard treatment in non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). However, the timing of initiation of DAPT in the Emergency Department (ED) is not well established. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the correlation between the different timings of DAPT initiation in ED and the outcomes in patients with NSTEMI. Method: We retrospectively collected data of patients who were diagnosed as NSTEMI in the ED of China Medical University Hospital during 2016 to 2019. All NSTEMI patients who required coronary stenting or ballooning were enrolled into the study, which means NSTEMI patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included. The time interval between ED arrival and DAPT given was recorded. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether they received DAPT within 6 hours after arrival to the ED. The primary outcomes were in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). The secondary outcomes were unexpected return to the ED within 72 hours, readmission within 14 days, and revascularization procedures performed within the first 30 days. Results: 938 NSTEMI patients with PCI were enrolled. Patients who received DAPT beyond 6 hours were relatively old (65.70 ± 14.13 versus 63.16 ± 13.31, p=0.014) and had relatively more comorbidities and higher Killip scores than those who received DAPT within 6 hours. The group that received DAPT within 6 hours had lower in-hospital MACE rate (3.52% versus 8.37%, p=0.009). Multivariate logistic regression showed the group beyond 6 hours was independently associated with higher risk for in-hospital MACE rate (OR : 2.09, 95% CI 1.07-4.07, p=0.030). Conclusion: Among patients with NSTEMI, DAPT beyond 6 hours after ED arrival have higher in-hospital MACE rate than those within 6 hours.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7684, 2021 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833262

RESUMO

We analyzed database from the Taiwan National Health Insurance to investigate whether primary aldosteronism (PA) increases the risk of bladder stones. This retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study during the period of 1998-2011 compared patients with and without PA extracted by propensity score matching. Cox proportional hazard models and competing death risk model were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs), sub-hazard ratios (SHRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). There were 3442 patients with PA and 3442 patients without PA. The incidence rate of bladder stones was 5.36 and 3.76 per 1000 person-years for both groups, respectively. In adjusted Cox hazard proportional regression models, the HR of bladder stones was 1.68 (95% CI 1.20-2.34) for patients with PA compared to individuals without PA. Considering the competing risk of death, the SHR of bladder stones still indicates a higher risk for PA than a comparison cohort (SHR, 1.79; 95% CI 1.30-2.44). PA, age, sex, and fracture number were the variables significantly contributing to the formation of bladder stones. In conclusion, PA is significantly associated with risk of bladder stones.


Assuntos
Hiperaldosteronismo/complicações , Cálculos Urinários/complicações , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(6): e14126, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal disease poses a burden to the community in high risk population. Most early studies focused on invasive pneumococcal disease. However, the epidemiology of pneumococcal pneumonia (PP) requiring hospitalisation in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) is poorly defined. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study (January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2012) to evaluate the risk of PP requiring hospitalisation in SOTRs. SOTRs and non-SOT cohorts, propensity score-matched at a 1:1 ratio for age, sex, index date and underlying comorbidities, were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database. RESULTS: Each cohort consisted of 7507 patients. In the SOT cohort, 26 episodes of PP requiring hospitalisation were identified (incidence rate of 52.4 per 100,000 person-years). The risk of PP requiring hospitalisation in the SOT cohort was 1.50 times greater than in the non-SOT cohort [adjusted hazard ratio: 1.50, 95% confidence interval = 1.31-1.71, P < .001]. The nested case control study identified older age, kidney transplant, and concomitant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease and heart failure as predictors of PP requiring hospitalisation in the SOT cohort. The highest risk period for PP requiring hospitalisation occurred within the first year of transplantation (36.47 per 1000 patients). Amongst kidney transplant recipients, patients with PP requiring hospitalisation exhibited higher cumulative incidences of graft failure than those without PP (log-rank test: P value = .004). CONCLUSIONS: SOTRs are at risk of PP requiring hospitalisation with its attendant morbidity. Strategies to reduce risk of PP requiring hospitalisation using preventive vaccinations warrant further study.


Assuntos
Transplante de Órgãos , Pneumonia Pneumocócica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Incidência , Transplante de Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia Pneumocócica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplantados
14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(5): 2691-2702, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496385

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of acute kidney injury (AKI). Mitophagy selectively degrades damaged mitochondria and thereby regulates cellular homeostasis. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) regulate RNA processing at multiple levels and thereby control cellular function. In this study, we aimed to understand the role of human antigen R (HuR) in hypoxia-induced mitophagy process in the renal tubular cells. Mitophagy marker expressions (PARKIN, p-PARKIN, PINK1, BNIP3L, BNIP3, LC3) were determined by western blot analysis. Immunofluorescence studies were performed to analyze mitophagosome, mitolysosome, co-localization of p-PARKIN/TOMM20 and BNIP3L/TOMM20. HuR-mediated regulation of PARKIN/BNIP3L expressions was determined by RNA-immunoprecipitation analysis and RNA stability experiments. Hypoxia induced mitochondrial dysfunction by increased ROS, decline in membrane potential and activated mitophagy through up-regulated PARKIN, PINK1, BNIP3 and BNIP3L expressions. HuR knockdown studies revealed that HuR regulates hypoxia-induced mitophagosome and mitolysosome formation. HuR was significantly bound to PARKIN and BNIP3L mRNA under hypoxia and thereby up-regulated their expressions through mRNA stability. Altogether, our data highlight the importance of HuR in mitophagy regulation through up-regulating PARKIN/BNIP3L expressions in renal tubular cells.


Assuntos
Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Hipóxia/genética , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mitofagia/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Túbulos Renais , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Fagossomos/metabolismo
15.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(4): e13675, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is suggested to be likely associated with underlying immunological dysregulation. This lymphopenia poses a risk of viral infection. Data to elucidate the herpes virus infection risk in patients with PKD are lacking; therefore, we conducted a national-wide population-based cohort study to investigate the herpes virus risk in PKD patients. METHODS: From the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), patients who were hospitalised with a diagnosis of polycystic kidney disease were defined as case group of PKD patients; patients without any diagnosis of PKD during the study period were grouped into the non-PKD cohort. The index date was set as the date when the patients were newly diagnosed with PKD. All study patients were followed up until the occurrence of herpes zoster infection, death, withdrawal from the NHIRD for other reasons, or until December 31, 2013. RESULTS: We included 4366 PKD patients and 4366 non-PKD patients. The incidence rate and the risk of developing herpes zoster infection were estimated using multivariate stratified analyses. PKD patients had a 1.97-fold risk of herpes zoster virus infection (aHR = 1.97, 95% CI 1.17-3.31) compared with the non-PKD cohort. On multilayer stratification, PKD patients without any comorbidities had a significantly increased risk of herpes zoster infection (aHR = 3.10, 95% CI 1.37-7.00). CONCLUSION: This is the first study to reveal a high risk of severe herpes zoster infection in patients with PKD. High index suspicion of severe herpes zoster infection should be maintained in clinical professionals.


Assuntos
Herpes Zoster , Doenças Renais Policísticas , Estudos de Coortes , Herpes Zoster/complicações , Herpes Zoster/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Doenças Renais Policísticas/complicações , Doenças Renais Policísticas/epidemiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Taiwan/epidemiologia
16.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 35(6): 1111-1127, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623597

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chronic rejection induces the occurrence of orthotopic allograft transplantation (OAT) vasculopathy, which results in failure of the donor organ. Numerous studies have demonstrated that in addition to regulating blood sugar homeostasis, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors can also provide efficacious therapeutic and protective effects against cardiovascular diseases. However, their effects on OAT-induced vasculopathy remain unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the direct effects of sitagliptin on OAT vasculopathy in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: The PVG/Seac rat thoracic aorta graft to ACI/NKyo rat abdominal aorta model was used to explore the effects of sitagliptin on vasculopathy. Human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were used to investigate the possible underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: We demonstrated that sitagliptin decreases vasculopathy in OAT ACI/NKyo rats. Treatment with sitagliptin decreased BNP and HMGB1 levels, increased GLP-1 activity and stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α) expression, elevated the number of circulating EPCs, and improved the differentiation possibility of mononuclear cells to EPCs ex vivo. However, in vitro studies showed that recombinant B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) impaired EPC function, whereas these phenomena were reversed by glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist treatment. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that the mechanisms underlying sitagliptin-mediated inhibition of OAT vasculopathy probably occur through a direct increase in GLP-1 activity. In addition to the GLP-1-dependent pathway, sitagliptin may regulate SDF-1α levels and EPC function to reduce OAT-induced vascular injury. This study may provide new prevention and treatment strategies for DPP-4 inhibitors in chronic rejection-induced vasculopathy.

17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17568, 2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067540

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a multifactorial inflammatory disease that can cause tooth loss and contribute to systemic inflammation. It is suggested that periodontitis may be associated with the development of glaucoma. Based on data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, a retrospective cohort study was conducted to investigate the risk of developing glaucoma in patients with periodontitis. The periodontitis cohort consisted of newly diagnosed adult patients (n = 194,090, minimum age = 20 years) between 2000 and 2012. The comparison group included age-, gender-, and diagnosis date-matched people without periodontitis (n = 194,090, minimum age = 20 years). Incident glaucoma was monitored until the end of 2013. Hazard ratios (HRs) with confidence intervals (CIs) were established based on the Cox proportional hazard models. The risk of developing glaucoma was higher in patients with periodontitis than those without periodontitis (31.2 vs. 23.3 patients per 10,000 person-years, with an adjusted HR of 1.26 [95% CI 1.21-1.32]). A high risk was evident even after stratifying by age (adjusted HRs = 1.34 [1.26-1.44] for ages 20-49, 1.24 [1.13-1.36] for ages ≥ 65, and 1.20 [1.12-1.29] for ages 50-64 years), sex (adjusted HRs = 1.33 [1.24-1.41] and 1.21 [1.14-1.28] for men and women, respectively), presence of comorbidity (adjusted HRs = 1.38 [1.29-1.47] and 1.18 [1.12-1.25] for without and with comorbidity, respectively), and corticosteroid use (adjusted HRs = 1.27 [1.21-1.33] and 1.21 [1.08-1.35] for without and with corticosteroid use, respectively). Specifically, patients with periodontitis exhibited a significantly high risk of primary open-angle glaucoma (adjusted HR = 1.31 [1.21-1.32]) but not for primary closed-angle glaucoma (adjusted HR = 1.05 [0.94-1.17]). People with periodontitis are at a greater risk of glaucoma than individuals without periodontitis. Ocular health should be emphasized for such patients, and the underlying mechanisms need further investigation.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/complicações , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/fisiopatologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Inflamação , Seguro Saúde , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
18.
QJM ; 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770252

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study used the Taiwan stroke registry data to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in treating acute ischemic stroke in patients with renal dysfunction. DESIGN: We identified 3525 ischemic stroke patients and classified them into 2 groups according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at the emergency department: ≥ 60, and <60 mL/min/1.73m2 or on dialysis and by the propensity score from August 2006 to May 2015. The odds ratio (OR) of poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≥ 2) was calculated for patients with tPA treatment (N = 705), compared to those without tPA treatment (N = 2820), by eGFR levels, at 1, 3 and 6 months after ischemic stroke. We also evaluated the risks of intracerebral hemorrhage, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, mortality, between the two groups by eGFR levels. RESULTS: Among patients with eGFR levels of less than 60 mL/min/1.73m2, tPA therapy reduced the OR of poor functional outcome to 0.60 (95% CI = 0.42-0.87) at 6 months after ischemic stroke. The tPA therapy was not associated with increased overall risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, but with increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhage. The low eGFR was not a significant risk factor of intracerebral hemorrhage among ischemic stroke patients receiving tPA treatment. CONCLUSIONS: tPA for acute ischemic stroke could improve functional outcomes without increasing the risks of upper gastrointestinal bleeding for patients with or without renal dysfunction. The low eGFR was not a significant risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage among patients receiving tPA treatment.

19.
Perit Dial Int ; 40(6): 563-572, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This retrospective cohort study compared patient survival and technique survival between patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) using recent data at a single tertiary medical center in Taiwan. METHODS: From medical records, we identified incident 459 CAPD patients and 266 APD patients on dialysis for at least 90 days and aged more than 18 years to estimate mortality and technique failure rates, and related hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) from 2007 to 2018. RESULTS: There were more women (52.3%) in the CAPD group, whereas patients in the APD group were younger. Compared to CAPD patients, APD patients had a lower mortality rate (2.83 vs. 5.79 per 100 person-years) with an adjusted HR of 0.69 (95% CI = 0.47-1.02), and a lower technique failure rate (9.70 vs. 17.52 per 100 person-years) with an adjusted HR of 0.65 (95% CI = 0.51-0.83). Further subgroup analyses revealed that, compared to CAPD, APD was associated with a significant lower risk of technique failure in male patients, patients aged 50-65 years, diabetic patients, patients without cardiovascular disease (CVD), patients with higher peritoneal permeability, or patients initiating PD in an earlier era. CONCLUSIONS: The mortality risk was not significant between CAPD and APD patients. APD is associated with a lower risk of technique failure than CAPD, particularly for male patients, and patients aged 50-65 years, with diabetes, without CVD, with high or high average peritoneal permeability, or initiating PD in an earlier era.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Diálise Peritoneal Ambulatorial Contínua , Diálise Peritoneal , Automação , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Diálise Peritoneal/efeitos adversos , Diálise Peritoneal Ambulatorial Contínua/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 3707-3712, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Oral cancer incidence is highest worldwide in Taiwan, and practical markers for personalized therapeutic strategies such as immunotherapies, is lacking. Interleukin-12 (IL12) is a cytokine that is reported to exhibit potent tumoricidal effects, however, its genotypic contribution to oral cancer is still largely unknown. We aimed to examine whether IL12A rs568408 and rs2243115 genotypes are associated with oral cancer risk in Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genotypic characteristics of IL12A were determined among 958 oral cancer cases and age- and gender-matched individuals via typical polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism methodology. RESULTS: The variant genotypes of IL12A rs568408 and rs2243115 were not found to be significantly associated with elevated oral cancer risk (all p>0.05). Moreover, there was no interaction between IL12A genotypes and personal smoking, alcohol drinking and betel quid chewing behaviors (all p>0.05). CONCLUSION: IL12A rs568408 and rs2243115 genotypes may not serve as good predictors for oral cancer risk.


Assuntos
/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Subunidade p35 da Interleucina-12/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição/genética , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/genética , Taiwan
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