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1.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aims of the present study were to (1) analyse preoperative computed tomography (CT) parameters, (2) investigate whether obesity and CT parameters affect surgical outcomes in patients undergoing LESS lateral retroperitoneal adrenalectomy, and (3) further establish the optimal cutoff point of CT parameters for tolerable operating time. METHODS: Between January 2010 and August 2016, patients who underwent LESS adrenalectomy through the retroperitoneal approach in our hospitals were included. Patients' demographic data, preoperatively measured CT parameters (the depth and horizontal width to the adrenal gland in the axial view of abdominal CT, the vertical height in the coronal view of CT, and the angle of the depth and horizontal width), and intraoperative (operative time and blood loss) and postoperative (hospital stay and complications) parameters were retrospectively reviewed. Linear regression was performed to determine factors that potentially affect surgical outcomes. RESULTS: In 116 patients, depth was the only CT parameter associated with surgical outcomes. Large depth (P = 0.005; 95% CI 1.739-9.256) and high BMI (P = 0.012; 95% CI 0.357-2.851) were factors significantly associated with longer operative time. The area under the ROC curve for the depth was 0.69 (P = 0.002), and the cutoff point 10.48 cm may be the tolerable operating time. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest a depth limit of 10.48 cm for the optimal prediction of operating time less than 90 min; although obese patients and deeper adrenal glands had longer operative time, LESS adrenalectomy could be performed in the obese patients without increased blood loss, prolonged hospital stay, or increased pain.

2.
Urol Oncol ; 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Polymerase I and transcript release factor (PTRF) has been implicated in cancer biology but its role in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is unknown. From a pilot transcriptome, we identified PTRF was significantly upregulated in high stage UTUC. Bladder cancer transcriptome from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) supported our finding and high PTRF level also predicted poor survival. We, therefore, investigated the correlation of PTRF with patients' clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes in a multiracial UTUC cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By immunohistochemical staining, PTRF expression was determined using H-score. PTRF expression of 575 UTUCs from 8 institutions, including 118 Asians and 457 Caucasians, was compared with various clinicopathologic parameters. Human urothelial cancer cell lines were used to evaluate the level of PTRF protein and mRNA expression, and PTRF transcript level was assessed in fresh samples from 12 cases of the cohort. The impact of PTRF expression on disease progression, cancer-specific death and overall mortality was also examined. RESULTS: High PTRF expression was significantly associated with multifocality (P = 0.023), high pathologic tumor stage (P < 0.00001), nonurothelial differentiation (P = 0.035), lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.003) and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.031). PTRF mRNA expression was also markedly increased in advanced stage UTUC (P = 0.0003). High PTRF expressing patients had consistently worse outcomes than patients with low PTRF expression regardless of demographic variation (all P < 0.005). In multivariate analysis, high PTRF expression was an independent predictor for progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR] 1.70, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-2.69, P = 0.025), cancer-specific survival (HR 2.09, 95% CI 1.28-3.42, P = 0.003), and overall survival (HR 2.04, 95% CI 1.33-3.14, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that PTRF is a predictive biomarker for progression and survival and an independent prognosticator of UTUC. Elevated PTRF could probably propel clinically aggressive disease and serve as a potential therapeutic target for UTUC.

4.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 2724948, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565097

RESUMO

Background: Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) is a homodimeric glycoprotein. The main role of CSF-1 is as a hematopoietic growth factor that modulates proliferation, differentiation, and survival of macrophages. Moreover, CSF-1 has also been reported to be aberrantly expressed in several human cancers. However, the precise role of CSF-1 in upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUC) has not been studied. In this research, we examined the clinical significance of CSF-1 expression in UTUC. Materials and Methods: One hundred twelve cancer tissue samples of UTUC from patients were included in this study, and the other cohort of 35 UTUC were paired cancer-adjacent normal samples. CSF-1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and the association of CSF-1 expression with different clinicopathological variables was analyzed. Results: CSF-1 expression was higher in UTUC than in the normal urothelium (P = 0.005). The CSF-1 expression was primarily localized in the nucleus and was significantly correlated with tumor size (P = 0.04) and patients who had a high stage (P < 0.001), distant metastasis (P = 0.006), recurrence (P = 0.003), and cancer death (P = 0.005). High CSF-1 expression was correlated with poor disease-free survival (P = 0.008) and cancer-specific survival (P = 0.001). Our results also used univariate and multivariable analyses, which found that high CSF-1 expression was an independent predictor of poor disease-free survival (hazard ratio = 2.56; P = 0.007) and cancer-specific survival (hazard ratio = 5.14; P = 0.022). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the expression of CSF-1 is a potential prognostic marker for predicting patient survival and recurrence in UTUC.

5.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 35(9): 559-565, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339657

RESUMO

CSN6 is a subunit of the constitutive photomorphogenesis 9 (COP9) signalosome (CSN). CSN is involved in cellular and developmental processes such as signal transduction, transcriptional activation, cell cycle control, and tumorigenesis. CSN6 is highly expressed in several human cancers, including colorectal cancer, and breast cancer. However, no previous research has elaborated on the relationship between CSN6 expression and survival in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical significance of CSN6 in UTUC. CSN6 expression in 89 patients with UTUC enrolled in this study was examined using immunohistochemistry. The associations between CSN6 expression and clinicopathological variables were analyzed. CSN6 expression was significantly correlated with patients with high pathological stage (P = .006), male gender (P = .025), and high serum creatinine levels (P = .014). In univariate and multivariable analysis, high CSN6 expression was associated with a higher bladder recurrence (P = .005) and poor cancer-specific survival (P = .001) for UTUC. In conclusion, CSN6 expression is a potential biomarker for predicting cancer recurrence and clinical survival in UTUC. Further research is necessary to investigate its role in the progression of UTUC.

6.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290006

RESUMO

Urolithiasis and osteoporosis are two different pathological entities, but are both important public health issues in older patients. Moreover, the two diseases may share some similar pathogenesis pathway. Currently, few studies focus on the relationship between urolithiasis and osteoporosis. Furthermore, whether the common mobilities influence the long-term osteoporosis rate in urolithiasis patients has never been studied. In the present study, we used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database (LHID 2000) compiled by the NHI from 1996 to 2013 to determine whether urolithiasis influenced long-term osteoporosis; controls were matched for age, sex, and other comorbidities (including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, liver disease, and cardiovascular disease). We included a total of 91,254 patients, including 22,575 patients with urolithiasis and 68,679 control patients. There was a significant difference between the incidence of osteoporosis between the urolithiasis and control groups (adjusted hazard ratio 1.34, 95% CI 1.19-1.79, p < 0.001) during the follow up. The incidence rate of osteoporosis during the follow-up period was 8.87 per 1000 person-years in the urolithiasis group and 6.37 per 1000 person-years in the control group. Based on our results, it is evident that urolithiasis significantly increases the subsequent osteoporosis rate. Though the clinical mechanisms are not fully understood, patients who have a history of urolithiasis may need regular follow-up assessment of bone marrow density.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280617

RESUMO

Introduction: We compared the clinical outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) and multiple-incision laparoscopic surgery for totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. Material and methods: This retrospective study included 134 consecutive patients undergoing single-incision or multiple-incision laparoscopic surgery for inguinal hernia between January 2012 and December 2016 at our hospital. Results: In total, 62 patients undergoing SILS-TEP and 72 receiving multiple-incision laparoscopic surgery were included in this study. No significant differences in patients' characteristics between the two groups were noted. No patient required conversion to open surgery in either group. No significant differences were noted between the two groups in operative time, bleeding volume, post-operative hospital stay, and analgesics used. Postoperative complications were observed in 5.7% (4 of 62) of patients in the SILS group and 3.2% (2 of 72) of patients in the control group. Among the few patients who experienced complications, most had hematomas. No major complications or hernia recurrences were observed during the follow-up period in either group. Conclusions: SILS-TEP produced good cosmetic outcomes for patients regardless of previous surgery, and it could be safely performed with acceptable morbidity. It also does not increase the possibility of conversion to open surgery.

8.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 41(4): 993-1003, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240550

RESUMO

Background The survival rate of prostate cancer is relatively higher than other cancers, therefore, the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) becomes a critical issue for the patients. There are limited quality of life data evaluating the difference between androgen deprivation therapy and non-androgen deprivation therapy. Objective To evaluate the HRQoL among prostate cancer patients with androgen deprivation therapy and non-androgen deprivation therapy in an Asian population. Setting The study was conducted at the urology outpatient department in a medical center and a regional hospital in southern Taiwan. Methods We collected the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and Quality of Life Questionnaire-Prostate (QLQ-PR25) among prostate cancer patients with and without androgen deprivation therapy from December 2017 to June 2018. The androgen deprivation therapy subjects in this study were using goserelin, leuprolide, degarelix, bicalutamide, enzalutamide, cyproterone, and abiraterone. The non-androgen deprivation therapy subjects were only receiving radiation therapy or radical prostatectomy. To investigate the determinants of HRQoL between androgen deprivation therapy and non-androgen deprivation therapy, multiple linear regression was used. Main outcomes measures The scores of EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-PR25. Results In total, 182 subjects participated in the study of which 116 (63.74%) were in androgen deprivation therapy user group with a mean age (± SD, standard deviation) of 75.94 years (± 8.31), and 66 (36.26%) subjects were in non-androgen deprivation therapy user group with a mean age of 70.6 years (± 7.1). androgen deprivation therapy users' quality of life was significantly lower than non-androgen deprivation therapy users (72.1 ± 19.3 vs. 77.8 ± 16.6, p = 0.0493). Conclusions The quality of life of patients with all-stages prostate cancer differs significantly between androgen deprivation therapy users and non-androgen deprivation therapy users. The HRQoL for androgen deprivation therapy users is worse than for the non-androgen deprivation therapy users. Additionally, the symptoms are the key determinants of the quality of life.

9.
Aging Male ; : 1-8, 2019 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945953

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Applying low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT) has been reported to improve symptoms of refractory chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) in short-term follow-up. This study aims to demonstrate the effect of LI-ESWT on refractory CPPS over the span of a 12-month follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an open-label, single-arm prospective study. LI-ESWT consisted of 3000 shock waves once weekly for 4 weeks (Duolith SD1 T-Top) were applied. Clinical symptoms were re-assessed at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months using NIH-CPSI score, visual analog scale, 5-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function and International Prostate Symptom Score. RESULTS: Thirty-one of the 43 patients enrolled had a successful response at the 1-month follow up after the treatment. Twenty-six of the 31 patients who responded successfully to LI-ESWT at the 1-month follow-up, maintained their response at the 6- and 12-month follow-up. The existence of psychosocial disorder at the baseline characteristics analysis was the only potential factor that may hinder the effectiveness of LI-ESWT. CONCLUSIONS: LI-ESWT has shown to be a safe and effective therapy for CPPS patients at the long-term follow-up. History of psychological disorders might be a significant predictor of a successful response.

11.
Urol Oncol ; 37(4): 293.e11-293.e24, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30595463

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Inflammatory responses affect each stage of carcinogenesis, from initiation, through invasion, to metastasis. Studies have shown that chronic inflammation induced by environmental and occupational exposures increase the risk of developing urothelial carcinoma (UC). Using a published UC transcriptome (GSE32894), we identified that among genes associated with inflammatory response (GO:0006954), TNFAIP6 was significantly upregulated during UC progression. Therefore, we investigated the association of TNFAIP6 with disease features, metastasis and survival in our well-characterized cohort of UC. METHODS: We determined TNFAIP6 expression in 340 upper urinary tract UCs (UTUC) and 295 urinary bladder UCs (UBUC) using immunohistochemistry and evaluated the results using H-score. TNFAIP6 expression correlated with clinicopathological features, disease-specific survival, and metastasis-free survival. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: High TNFAIP6 expression was significantly associated with advanced pathological stage, lymph node metastasis, perineural invasion, vascular invasion, and high mitotic activity. Multivariate analysis identified high TNFAIP6 expression as an independent predictor of disease-specific survival (hazard ratio in UTUC: 2.891, P = 0.003; in UBUC: 2.175, P = 0.017) and metastasis-free survival (hazard ratio in UTUC: 3.803, P < 0.001; in UBUC: 3.845, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: High TNFAIP6 expression is associated with aggressive clinicopathological features and poor prognosis in UCs, suggesting it may serve as a novel prognosticator and treatment target. TNFAIP6 immunostaining may be used with current pathological examinations for better risk stratification for UCs.

12.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(1): 93-105, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30662333

RESUMO

Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a relatively uncommon cancer worldwide, however it accounts for approximately 30% of urothelial cancer in the Taiwanese population. The aim of the current study is to identify differential molecular signatures and novel miRNA regulations in UTUC, using next-generation sequencing and bioinformatics approaches. Two pairs of UTUC tumor and non-tumor tissues were collected during surgical resection, and RNAs extracted for deep sequencing. There were 317 differentially expressed genes identified in UTUC tissues, and the systematic bioinformatics analyses indicated dysregulated genes were enriched in biological processes related to aberration in cell cycle and matrisome-related genes. Additionally, 15 candidate genes with potential miRNA-mRNA interactions were identified. Using the clinical outcome prediction database, low expression of SLIT3 was found to be a prognostic predictor of poor survival in urothelial cancer, and a novel miRNA, miR-34a-5p, was a potential regulator of SLIT3, which may infer the potential role of miR-34a-5p-SLIT3 regulation in the altered tumor microenvironment in UTUC. Our findings suggested novel miRNA target with SLIT3 regulation exerts potential prognostic value in UTUC, and future investigation is necessary to explore the role of SLIT3 in the tumor development and progression of UTUC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/genética , Genes Neoplásicos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Neoplasias Urológicas/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Biologia Computacional , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/biossíntese , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias Urológicas/diagnóstico , Urotélio/patologia
13.
Low Urin Tract Symptoms ; 11(2): O218-O220, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29405593

RESUMO

Acromegaly is a rare disease associated with an increased risk of prostate enlargement. Severe prostate enlargement with severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in an acromegalic patient is even more uncommon. Herein we report on a 55-year-old man who was diagnosed with acromegaly and prostate enlargement at 40 years of age. Transsphenoidal surgery, postoperative radiotherapy, and octreotide medical therapy failed to control the acromegaly, and growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels remained elevated. When the patient was 53 years of age, severe LUTS and prostate enlargement (prostate volume = 128 mL) were noted. However, LUTS improved and prostate volume decreased markedly after 5α-reductase inhibitors were used, despite the poorly controlled acromegaly (elevated GH and IGF-1 levels). This is the first long-term observation of LUTS and prostate enlargement in a poorly controlled acromegalic patient. Although the GH-IGF-1 axis was a factor contributing to prostate enlargement, the present case suggests that androgens may still play an essential role in prostate enlargement and symptoms in active acromegalic patients >50 years of age. Indeed, we should be aware that suppressing the GH-IGF-1 axis is not the only treatment choice for prostate enlargement in acromegalic patients, and even in poorly controlled acromegalic patients in whom suppression of the GH-IGF-1 axis is difficult. Symptomatic prostate enlargement in cases of active acromegaly can be treated with 5α-reductase inhibitors, as in general benign prostate hyperplasia populations.

14.
Int J Impot Res ; 31(3): 218-222, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420772

RESUMO

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is common in patients with pelvic fractures associated with urethral injury (PFUI). We aim to assess the efficacy and safety of low-intensity shock wave therapy (LiSWT) in ED treatment related to PFUI. Forty-three consecutive patients with PFUI who underwent surgical repair between January 2014 and March 2017 were sampled in Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. ED onset following surgical repair was initially treated with oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) for six months. PDE5i non-responders were referred for LiSWT of six weekly sessions. Erectile function was evaluated by the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) and Erection Hardness Score (EHS). Forty-three consecutive patients were enrolled in our study. ED was observed in 79.1% (34/43) patients following surgical repair. These 34 patients were given oral PDE5i (Tadalafil® 5 mg) daily treatment, 64.7% (22/34) patients restored erectile function to normal range (EHS: 3.4 ± 1.3, IIEF-5: 21.7 ± 1.0). The other twelve PDE5i non-responders were referred for LiSWT. Seven patients (58.3%, 7/12) remained unable to maintain the rigidity for full sexual intercourse. The other five patients reported allowing full sexual intercourse. Based on our results, LiSWT may ameliorate the ED in men with PFUI and shift PDE5i non-responders to responders.

15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1122-1128, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975666

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: Previous studies have compared infectious outcomes on the basis of whether rectal preparation was performed; however, they failed to evaluate the quality of each rectal preparation, which may have led to confounding results. This study aimed to compare hospitalizations for urosepsis within 1 month after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy between patients with adequate and traditional rectal preparations. Materials and Methods: Between January 2011 and December 2016, a total of 510 patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound - guided prostate biopsy at our institutions and were orally administered prophylactic antibiotics (levofloxacin) were included. Two rectal preparations were performed: (1) adequate rectal preparation confirmed by digital rectal examination and transrectal ultrasound (Group A, n = 310) and (2) traditional rectal preparation (Group B, n = 200). All patient characteristics were recorded. A logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of the two different rectal preparations on urosepsis, adjusted by patient characteristics. Results: There were a total of three and nine hospitalizations for urosepsis in Groups A and B, respectively. Differences in the demographic data between the two groups were insignificant. Logistic regression showed that adequate rectal preparation before biopsy significantly decreased the risk for urosepsis after biopsy (adjusted odds ratio: 0.2; 95% confidence interval: 0.05 - 0.78; P = 0.021). Conclusions: Adequate rectal preparation could significantly reduce hospitalizations for urosepsis within 1 month after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. The quality of rectal preparation should be evaluated before biopsy. If adequate rectal preparation is not achieved, postponing the biopsy and adjusting the rectal preparation regimen are suggested.

16.
J Sex Med ; 15(11): 1527-1536, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30415809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α (HNF4A) can influence the risk of insulin resistance that is postulated to be an important link between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and testosterone deficiency (TD) in men. AIM: To investigate the relationship between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of HNF4A and the risk of developing MetS and TD in a population of aging Taiwanese men. METHODS: A free health screening of men over 40 years of age was conducted in a medical center in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. All participants underwent a physical examination, answered a questionnaire on demographics and medical history, completed the Androgen Deficiency in The Aging Male questionnaire to assess clinical symptoms of TD, and provided 20-mL whole blood samples for biochemical, hormonal, and genetic evaluation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: 3 common SNPs (rs11574736, rs1884613, and rs2144908) of HNF4A were selected and identified using a TaqMan 5' allelic discrimination assay. RESULTS: 559 men were enrolled for this study (mean age, 55.8± 4.9 years). Prevalence of TD was significantly higher (P = .031) in subjects with MetS (16.8%) than those without MetS (10.1%). In SNP rs1884613 of HNF4A, subjects with the C allele carried a 1.31- and 1.50-times higher risk of developing MetS and TD, respectively, compared to those with the G allele, after adjusting for potential covariates. In addition, subjects with the CC genotype were exposed to a 1.91- and 2.20-times higher risk of developing MetS and TD, respectively, compared to those with the GG genotype. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Our findings may point to the importance of the role played by insulin resistance in the link between MetS and TD. STRENGTH & LIMITATIONS: Our current work is the first report with adequate sample size to evaluate the role of genetic variants of HNF4A on the risk of both MetS and TD in men. The limitations included subjects enrolled from a free health screening and single measurement of serum testosterone levels. CONCLUSION: The rs1884613 SNP marker of HNF4A is significantly associated with an increased risk for developing both MetS and TD in aging Taiwanese men. Further population-based studies utilizing larger samples of different ethnicities may be needed to confirm these preliminary results. Liu C-C, Lee Y-C, Hung S-P. Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor-4α P2 Promoter Variants Are Associated With the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome and Testosterone Deficiency in Aging Taiwanese Men. J Sex Med 2018;15:1527-1536.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil/genética , Fatores Nucleares de Hepatócito/genética , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Testosterona/deficiência , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Disfunção Erétil/sangue , Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde do Homem , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan , Testosterona/sangue
17.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(6): 1122-1128, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have compared infectious outcomes on the basis of whether rectal preparation was performed; however, they failed to evaluate the quality of each rectal preparation, which may have led to confounding results. This study aimed to compare hospitalizations for urosepsis within 1 month after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy between patients with adequate and traditional rectal preparations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2016, a total of 510 patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound - guided prostate biopsy at our institutions and were orally administered prophylactic antibiotics (levofloxacin) were included. Two rectal preparations were performed: (1) adequate rectal preparation confirmed by digital rectal examination and transrectal ultrasound (Group A, n = 310) and (2) traditional rectal preparation (Group B, n = 200). All patient characteristics were recorded. A logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of the two different rectal preparations on urosepsis, adjusted by patient characteristics. RESULTS: There were a total of three and nine hospitalizations for urosepsis in Groups A and B, respectively. Differences in the demographic data between the two groups were insignificant. Logistic regression showed that adequate rectal preparation before biopsy significantly decreased the risk for urosepsis after biopsy (adjusted odds ratio: 0.2; 95% confidence interval: 0.05 - 0.78; P = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: Adequate rectal preparation could significantly reduce hospitalizations for urosepsis within 1 month after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. The quality of rectal preparation should be evaluated before biopsy. If adequate rectal preparation is not achieved, postponing the biopsy and adjusting the rectal preparation regimen are suggested.


Assuntos
Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Enema/métodos , Próstata/patologia , Sepse/prevenção & controle , Infecções Urinárias/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
18.
Clin Case Rep ; 6(8): 1543-1548, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147901

RESUMO

Unicentric Castleman's disease (CD) may rarely present as an isolated retroperitoneal tumor. Even experienced surgeons may misdiagnose CD because of its rarity. Surgeons should consider this disease when faced with an isolated retroperitoneal tumor. Unicentric CD is usually cured with surgical resection. In contrast, multicentric CD need numerous systemic therapies.

20.
World J Surg Oncol ; 16(1): 135, 2018 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29986730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To clarify if diagnostic ureteroscopy (URS) before radical nephroureterectomy for patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) will increase the risk of intravesical recurrence. METHODS: From retrospective review of cohort at our institution, 502 patients with UTUC who underwent radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision were enrolled from 1990 to 2013. Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), metastasis-free survival (MFS), and intravesical recurrence-free survival (IVRFS). The log-rank test was used for comparing survival curves. All potential risk factors were included in the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model to recognize independent predictors. From NHI database, we included patients of UTUC without bladder cancer history using population-based database in Taiwan from 1996 to 2013. In total, 3079 URS and 2634 non-URS patients with UTUC were identified. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to measure the risk of IVRFS and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: From our database, the comparison of clinicopathological characteristics in UTUC patients between with URS biopsy group (URS+) (n = 206, 41%) and without URS biopsy group (URS-) (n = 296, 59%) was insignificantly different excluding surgical method. URS biopsy is not associated with worse OS (p = 0.720), DFS (p = 0.294), MFS (p = 0.808), and IVRFS (p = 0.560) by multivariate analysis. Only bladder cancer history is an independent significant factor to predict IVR (p < 0.001). The same result from NHI database, URS before radical surgery will not increase the risk of IVRFS [adjusted HR 1.136, 95% CI 1.00-1.30; P = 0.059] and OS [adjusted HR 0.919, 95% CI 0.82-1.04; P = 0.164]. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative URS manipulation is not associated with higher risk of IVRFS even in patients without bladder cancer history. Diagnostic URS is feasible to compensate the insufficient information of image in patients with UTUC.


Assuntos
Nefroureterectomia , Neoplasias Ureterais , Ureteroscopia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nefrectomia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan , Ureter , Neoplasias Ureterais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ureterais/cirurgia
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