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1.
Food Chem ; 305: 125454, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505413

RESUMO

The effects of the (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)-gelatin biofilm treatment (EGT) on microbial composition and quality of tilapia fillets stored at low temperatures were evaluated. The changes in mechanical properties, microbial reproduction, as well as lipid and protein oxidation during fillets storage were determined. The results showed that EGT reduced the microbial count and the relative abundance of the fillets. And EGT delayed the rate of lipid oxidation and protein denaturation in fillets. Compared with the control group, EGT samples had lower K values (74% on 18 d) and biogenic amines (39 mg/kg for putrescine and 50 mg/kg for cadaverine on 21 d). According to sensory evaluation, the shelf life of tilapia fillets was extended by 6 d in the EGT group. Therefore, EGT improved the quality of cryopreserved tilapia fillets and could be considered as a potential method for fish fillet preservation.

2.
Opt Lett ; 44(21): 5254-5257, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674981

RESUMO

Here we present a design of a traveling-wave optical cavity containing four identical ellipsoidal mirrors arranged in a square. The cavity proves to support more than 21 Laguerre-Gaussian modes simultaneously. There is a polarization splitting in the cavity that can be used for polarization filtering with a high isolation level.

3.
Bioengineered ; 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679450

RESUMO

MiR-25 is a well-documented oncogenic miRNA implicated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) development, progression and metastasis. However, whether and how miR-25 is involved in the development and metastasis of ESCC remain un-addressed. By using qRT-PCR analysis to compare levels of miR-25 in ESCC tissues with or without lymph node metastasis (LNM), it showed that ESCC tissues with LNM had increased levels of miR-25, which was correlated with tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. Gain- and loss-of-function assays indicated that targeting miR-25 could reverse EMT, and reduce in vitro cell migration and invasion, but not apoptosis and proliferation of ESCC. Furthermore, targeting miR-25 inhibited in vivo lung metastasis, and vice versa. And E-cadherin was a direct target of miR-25 through which affected EMT process and metastasis of ESCC. It is therefore indicated that miR-25 promotes metastasis of ESCC through E-cadherin and EMT events, thus may serves as a negative prognostic factor and possible target for treatment of ESCC patient.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 112019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is characterized by a highly aggressive nature and a dismal outcome. FOXA2 is an archetypal transcription factor involved in cholangiocyte proliferation. RESULTS: FOXA2 expression was negatively correlated with tumor stage (p = 0.024). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that low FoxA2 expression was associated with tumor relapse and survival. At 20 weeks after TAA administration, FoxA2-/- mice displayed significant manifestations of neoplasia, while WT mice did not.RNA sequencing analysis showed that the expression of genes in the MAPK signaling pathway was significantly higher in FoxA2-/- mice. IHC and Western blot results showed that p-ERK1/2, CREB1 and RAS were highly expressed in FoxA2-/- mice. Furthermore, using in vitro experiments with siRNA, we found that low expression of FoxA2 could exacerbate the metastatic potential of ICC. The expression of p-ERK1/2 and RAS, which are key mediators of the MAPK signaling pathway, was significantly increased. CONCLUSION: Low FOXA2 expression negatively affected the prognosis of patients with ICC. Loss of FoxA2 expression could promote intrahepatic bile duct neoplasia partly via activation of the MAPK signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, the data of 85 patients with ICC were retrospectively collected and analyzed. TAA was used to induce ICC in FoxA2-/- mice and WT mice. RNA-sequencing analysis was used to identify the expression of different genes.

5.
Med Res Rev ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692025

RESUMO

Malaria is a tropical disease, leading to around half a million deaths annually. Antimalarials such as quinolines are crucial to fight against malaria, but malaria control is extremely challenged by the limited pipeline of effective pharmaceuticals against drug-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum which are resistant toward almost all currently accessible antimalarials. To tackle the growing resistance, new antimalarial drugs are needed urgently. Hybrid molecules which contain two or more pharmacophores have the potential to overcome the drug resistance, and hybridization of quinoline privileged antimalarial building block with other antimalarial pharmacophores may provide novel molecules with enhanced in vitro and in vivo activity against drug-resistant (including multidrug-resistant) P falciparum. In recent years, numerous of quinoline hybrids were developed, and their activities against a panel of drug-resistant P falciparum strains were screened. Some of quinoline hybrids were found to possess promising in vitro and in vivo potency. This review emphasized quinoline hybrid molecules with potential in vitro antiplasmodial and in vivo antimalarial activity against drug-resistant P falciparum, covering articles published between 2010 and 2019.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(17): 170402, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702255

RESUMO

In a measurement-device-independent or quantum-refereed protocol, a referee can verify whether two parties share entanglement or Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering without the need to trust either of the parties or their devices. The need for trusting a party is substituted by a quantum channel between the referee and that party, through which the referee encodes the measurements to be performed on that party's subsystem in a set of nonorthogonal quantum states. In this Letter, an EPR-steering inequality is adapted as a quantum-refereed EPR-steering witness, and the trust-free experimental verification of higher dimensional quantum steering is reported via preparing a class of entangled photonic qutrits. Further, with two measurement settings, we extract 1.106±0.023 bits of private randomness per every photon pair from our observed data, which surpasses the one-bit limit for projective measurements performed on qubit systems. Our results advance research on quantum information processing tasks beyond qubits.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(15): 150402, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702297

RESUMO

Entanglement and the wave function description are two of the core concepts that make quantum mechanics such a unique theory. A method to directly measure the wave function, using weak values, was demonstrated by Lundeen et al. [Nature 474, 188 (2011)]. However, it is not applicable to a scenario of two disjoint systems, where nonlocal entanglement can be a crucial element, since that requires obtaining weak values of nonlocal observables. Here, for the first time, we propose a method to directly measure a nonlocal wave function of a bipartite system, using modular values. The method is experimentally implemented for a photon pair in a hyperentangled state, i.e., entangled both in polarization and momentum degrees of freedom.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17920, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702672

RESUMO

There is little information concerning the predictive ability of the preoperative platelet to albumin ratio (PAR) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after liver resection. In the current study, we aimed to assess the prognostic power of the PAR in HCC patients without portal hypertension (PH) following liver resection.Approximately 628 patients were included in this study. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive value of the PAR for both recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the independent risk factors for both RFS and OS.During the follow-up period, 361 patients experienced recurrence, and 217 patients died. ROC curve analysis suggested that the best cut-off value of the PAR for RFS was greater than 4.8. The multivariate analysis revealed that microvascular invasion (MVI), tumor size >5 cm, high aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet count ratio index (APRI) and high PAR were four independent risk factors for both RFS and OS. Patients with a low PAR had significantly better RFS and OS than those with a high PAR.The PAR may be a useful marker to predict the prognosis of HCC patients after liver resection. HCC patients with a high preoperative PAR had a higher recurrent risk and lower long-term survival rate than those with a low preoperative PAR.

9.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689076

RESUMO

Generating single photons at high temperature remains a major challenge, particularly for group III-As and III-P materials widely used in optical communication. Here, we report a high temperature single photon emitter based on a "surface-free" GaAs quantum dot (QD) in a GaAsP nanowire. By using self-catalyzed vapor-liquid-solid growth and simple surface engineering, we can significantly enhance the optical signal from the QDs with a highly polarized photoluminescence at 750 nm. The "surface-free" nanowire quantum dots show photon antibunching up to 160 K and well resolved exciton lines as high as 220 K.

10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5114, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704972

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which lacks estrogen receptor α (ERα), progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression, is closely related to basal-like breast cancer. Previously, we and others report that cyclin E/cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) phosphorylates enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) at T416 (pT416-EZH2). Here, we show that transgenic expression of phospho-mimicking EZH2 mutant EZH2T416D in mammary glands leads to tumors with TNBC phenotype. Coexpression of EZH2T416D in mammary epithelia of HER2/Neu transgenic mice reprograms HER2-driven luminal tumors into basal-like tumors. Pharmacological inhibition of CDK2 or EZH2 allows re-expression of ERα and converts TNBC to luminal ERα-positive, rendering TNBC cells targetable by tamoxifen. Furthermore, the combination of either CDK2 or EZH2 inhibitor with tamoxifen effectively suppresses tumor growth and markedly improves the survival of the mice bearing TNBC tumors, suggesting that the mechanism-based combination therapy may be an alternative approach to treat TNBC.

11.
Mol Cell ; 76(3): 359-370, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668929

RESUMO

The engagement of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1; encoded by the PDCD1 gene) receptor expressed on activated T cells and its ligand, programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1; encoded by the CD274 gene), is a major co-inhibitory checkpoint signaling that controls T cell activities. Various types of cancers express high levels of PD-L1 and exploit PD-L1/PD-1 signaling to evade T cell immunity. Blocking the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway has consistently shown remarkable anti-tumor effects in patients with advanced cancers and is recognized as the gold standard for developing new immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) and combination therapies. However, the response rates of anti-PD-L1 have been limited in several solid tumors. Therefore, furthering our understanding of the regulatory mechanisms of PD-L1 can bring substantial benefits to patients with cancer by improving the efficacy of current PD-L1/PD-1 blockade or other ICBs. In this review, we provide current knowledge of PD-L1 regulatory mechanisms at the transcriptional, posttranscriptional, post-translational, and extracellular levels, and discuss the implications of these findings in cancer diagnosis and immunotherapy.

12.
Food Chem Toxicol ; : 110886, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626838

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus has become a worldwide concern in recent years. In this study, the effect of Holothuria leucospilota polysaccharide (HLP) on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was investigated in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. The results showed that HLP significantly improved glucose intolerance and regulated blood lipid and hormone levels (p < 0.05). Pathological analysis showed that HLP repaired the impairments of the pancreas and colon in diabetic rats. In addition, a high dose of HLP (200 mg/kg) significantly upregulated the gene expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (PKB/AKT), glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4) and anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2), and downregulated the mRNA levels of pro-apoptotic (Bax) and cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) in diabetic rats (p < 0.05). Furthermore, HLP treatment increased the short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria and decreased the opportunistic bacterial pathogen in the feces of diabetic rats. These results demonstrated that HLP has the potential to ameliorate T2DM in GK rats.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615865

RESUMO

Metastasis, which occurs when cancer cells disseminate from the primary tumor site to other parts of the body, is the primary cause of mortality in patients, and the recurrence of multiple metastatic tumors is an obstacle to eliminating cancer. Recent clinical studies demonstrated that patients who respond to immunotherapy have longer survival rates with lower metastatic relapse, suggesting that immunotherapy may be one of the solutions to overcome cancer metastasis. Indeed, various host immune cells not only shape the tumor microenvironment but also participate in multiple stages of metastasis. Therefore, to improve clinical outcome, it is critical to understand the immunological events associated with tumor development and progression. In this article, we summarize those events that are involved in tumor progression and discuss immunotherapies that can potentially target cancer metastasis.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17182, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567959

RESUMO

The complete resection offers the best long-term survival for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients. ALPPS as a choice of resection, how is its outcome compared to one-stage resection, liver transplantation and TACE? This retrospective study included 20 ALPPS patients. To minimize the effect of confounding influences of measured covariates, PSM was performed. The overall survival (OS), morbidity, mortality and the increasing rate, KGR were analyzed. The OS in ALPPS group is 27.4 (±3.8 months) moths and the TACE group is 13.5(±1.2 months) (P < .001), LT group is 41.3 (±3.2 months) (P = .048), Resection group is 31.8 (±2.6 months) (P = .368). And the medium increasing volume is 209.5 cm (±61.5 cm) with the increasing ratio 52.4% (+26.9%). The ALPPS is a feasible treatment for HCC patients and it provides a better long-term survival than TACE and it is similar to Resection, less than LT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Ligadura , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 30(10): 111, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The fabrication of bioactive coatings on metallic implants to enhance osseointegration has become a topic of general interest in orthopedics and dentistry. Hydroxyapatite (HA) coating has been shown to induce bone formation and promote bone-implant integration. Unfortunately, poor mechanical performance has hindered this from becoming a favorable coating material. The majority of present studies have focused in incorporating different elements into HA coatings to improve mechanical properties. In recent years, tantalum (Ta) has received increasing attention due to its excellent biocompatibility and corrosion resistance. The aim of on the present study was to investigate the fabrication and biological performance of Ta-incorporated HA coatings. METHODS: Ta-incorporated HA coatings were fabricated using the plasma spray technique on a titanium substrate, and the surface characteristics and mechanical properties were examined. In addition, the effects of Ta-incorporated HA coatings on the biological behavior of mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were investigated. RESULTS: Ta-incorporated HA coatings with microporous structure had higher roughness and wettability. In addition, the bonding strength of Ta/HA coatings with the substrate was substantially superior to HA coatings. Furthermore, Ta-incorporated HA coatings not only facilitated initial cell adhesion and faster proliferation, but also promoted the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that the incorporation of Ta could improve mechanical performance and increase the osteogenic activity of HA coatings. The Ta-incorporated HA coating fabricated by plasma spraying is expected to be a promising bio-coating material for metallic implants.

16.
J BUON ; 24(4): 1390-1401, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646782

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the survival of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage I hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with surgery versus external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was used to identify the patients diagnosed with HCC between 2004 and 2013. Overall survival (OS) and liver-specific survival (LSS) were compared between patients treated with surgery and EBRT. A 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was employed by matching age, sex, and race. RESULTS: Among the 1553 patients with HCC ≤2cm, there was no significant difference in OS (p=0.605, before PSM; p=0.891, after PSM) and LSS (p=0.281, before PSM; p=0.346, after PSM) between patients treated with surgery and EBRT. Among the 1752 patients with HCC >2cm and ≤3cm, patients treated with surgery had significantly better OS (p=0.001) than those treated with EBRT, but statistically similar LSS (p=0.072) before PSM; however, there was no significant difference in OS (p=0.139) and LSS (p=0.722) between patients treated with surgery and EBRT after PSM. Additionally, 1157, 723, and 1331 patients had HCC >3cm and ≤4cm, HCC >4cm and ≤5cm, and HCC >5cm, respectively; among them, patients treated with surgery had significantly better OS and LSS than those treated with EBRT regardless of PSM. CONCLUSIONS: At the AJCC stage I, the survival after EBRT might be comparable to that after surgery for HCC ≤3cm, but the survival after EBRT was inferior to that after surgery for HCC >3cm.

17.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(11): 1370-1373, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650750

RESUMO

Objective: To review the development and clinical application of ankle prosthesis. Methods: The recent literature on ankle prosthesis design and clinical application was reviewed and analyzed. Results: Compared with the hip and knee prostheses, the ankle prosthesis develops slowly and has been developed to the third generation. The ankle joint has a special structure of multi-axis movement. The design of the first and second generations of prostheses is not conformed to the biomechanics of the ankle. The third generation of prosthesis is more conform to the characteristics of ankle biomechanics, with high postoperative survival rate and satisfactory clinical outcome. Conclusion: At present, the survival rate of ankle prosthesis is low, and there is still much room for improvement in biomechanics, materials, and other aspects.

18.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(10): 1326-1330, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544447

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the research progress in artificial metacarpophalangeal joint and interphalangeal joint prostheses. Methods: The research literature on artificial metacarpophalangeal joint and interphalangeal joint prostheses at home and abroad was reviewed and summarized from anatomy, prosthesis design, and material development. Results: The artificial joint replacement can correct deformity, relieve pain, and improve function immediately. In the past 50 years, many researches have focused on the design and material of prostheses and surgical technique of joint replacement. There are three types of prostheses, including hinged limit-type-prosthesis, semi-limit-type-prosthesis, and non-limit-type-prosthesis. The prostheses have their own advantages and disadvantages, the long-term effectiveness of joint replacement is not ideal. Conclusion: The metacarpophalangeal joint and interphalangeal joint prostheses with more anatomical structure and biocompatible materials are needed.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição , Membros Artificiais , Prótese Articular , Articulação Metacarpofalângica , Desenho de Prótese
19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(4): 040501, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491234

RESUMO

The advantage of quantum metrology has been experimentally demonstrated for phase estimations where the dynamics are commuting. General noncommuting dynamics, however, can have distinct features. For example, the direct sequential scheme, which can achieve the Heisenberg scaling for the phase estimation under commuting dynamics, can have even worse performances than the classical scheme when the dynamics are noncommuting. Here we realize a scalable optimally controlled sequential scheme, which can achieve the Heisenberg precision under general noncommuting dynamics. We also present an intuitive geometrical framework for the controlled scheme and identify sweet spots in time at which the optimal controls used in the scheme can be prefixed without adaptation, which simplifies the experimental protocols significantly. We successfully implement the scheme up to eight controls in an optical platform and demonstrate a precision near the Heisenberg limit. Our work opens the avenue for harvesting the power of quantum control in quantum metrology, and provides a control-enhanced recipe to achieve the Heisenberg precision under general noncommuting dynamics.

20.
World Neurosurg ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared with intracranial aneurysms (IAs) at other locations, pericallosal artery aneurysms (PAAs) have demonstrated an extremely high risk of rupture. However, owing to their rarity, our understanding of their morphological characteristics has been limited, and whether the morphological characteristics of PAAs contribute to this high rupture risk has remained unexplored. In the present study, we aimed to provide a detailed description of the morphological characteristics of PAAs and investigate the association between its morphology and rupture risk compared with anterior circulation IAs at other locations. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with 45 PAAs and 348 patients with 392 anterior circulation IAs at other locations were recruited. The clinical and radiological data for these patients were retrospectively reviewed. The differences in the morphological parameters, including the aneurysm diameter, neck width, height, width, parent artery diameter, inflow angle, aspect ratio (AR), size ratio (SR), and aneurysm diameter/width ratio, between PAAs and other IA groups were compared. RESULTS: Of the 45 PAAs, 22 (48.9%) had ruptured. The proportion of ruptured aneurysms was greater for PAAs than for anterior circulation IAs at other locations. For both ruptured and unruptured anterior circulation IAs, PAAs had the highest AR and SR among all IA groups and had the largest inflow angle. CONCLUSION: The morphological characteristics of PAAs are unique. Compared with other anterior circulation IAs, PAAs have significantly increased ARs, SRs, and inflow angles, which, ultimately, promote their high propensity toward rupture.

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