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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(6): 1293-1298, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782574

RESUMO

Studies in animals indicate that sevoflurane exposure in the second trimester of pregnancy has harmful effects on the learning and memory of offspring. Whether an enriched environment can reverse the damage of sevoflurane exposure in the second trimester of pregnancy on the learning and memory of rat offspring remains unclear. In this study, rats at 14 days of pregnancy were exposed to 3.5% sevoflurane for 2 hours and their offspring were treated with an enriched environment for 20 successive days. We found that the enriched environment for offspring increased nestin and Ki67 levels in hippocampal tissue, increased hippocampal neurogenesis, inhibited glycogen synthase kinase 3ß activity, and increased the expression of cell proliferation-related ß-catenin and apoptosis-related Bcl-2, indicating that an enriched environment reduces sevoflurane-induced damage by increasing the proliferation of stem cells in the hippocampus. These findings suggest that an enriched environment can reverse the effects of sevoflurane inhaled by rats during the second trimester of pregnancy on learning and memory of offspring. This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University (approval No. 2018PS07K) on January 2, 2018.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e2108400, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859925

RESUMO

Lithium metal batteries (LMBs) are considered as promising next-generation batteries due to their high energy density. However, commercial carbonate electrolytes cannot be used in LMBs due to their poor compatibility with lithium metal anode and detrimental HF generation by LiPF6 decomposition. By introducing LiNO3 additive and a small amount of tetramethylurea as a multifunctional cosolvent to a commercial carbonate electrolyte, NO3 - which is usually insoluble can be introduced into the solvation structure of Li+ to form a conductive and stable SEI. At the same time, HF generation is suppressed by manipulating the solvation structure and a scavenging effect. As a result, the Coulombic efficiency (CE) of Li||Cu half cells using the designed carbonate electrolyte can reach 98.19% at room temperature and 96.14% at a low temperature (-15 ℃), and Li||LFP cells deliver a high capacity retention of 94.9% with a high CE of 99.6% after 550 cycles. This work provides a simple and effective way to extend the use of commercial carbonate electrolytes for next-generation battery systems. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
J Chromatogr A ; 1659: 462638, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731753

RESUMO

Enzymes possess a highly specific affinity toward their substrates. In this study, an enzyme-based biological method was established for chiral discrimination of D/L-tryptophan (Trp). The polydopamine modified magnetic particles (PDA@Fe3O4) were prepared for immobilization of the genetically engineered bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli) DH5α. The bacteria-magnetic particles conjugates (bacteria@PDA@Fe3O4) demonstrate excellent chiral discrimination performance toward D/L-Trp at pH 7.0 and 45 °C. The investigation for the principle exhibits that the immobilized E. coli DH5α can produce tryptophanase, and the enzyme can selectively recognize and degrade L-Trp. The Michaelis constant of tryptophanase produced by bacteria@PDA@Fe3O4 was measured to be 25.7 µg mL-1. This method avoids the purification of tryptophanase and unlocks the potential of bacteria modified magnetic particles for chiral discrimination of racemic tryptophan.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Triptofano , Escherichia coli/genética , Engenharia Genética , Fenômenos Magnéticos
4.
Biotechnol Biofuels ; 14(1): 219, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cellulase plays a key role in converting cellulosic biomass into fermentable sugar to produce chemicals and fuels, which is generally produced by filamentous fungi. However, most of the filamentous fungi obtained by natural breeding have low secretory capacity in cellulase production, which are far from meeting the requirements of industrial production. Random mutagenesis combined with adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) strategy is an effective method to increase the production of fungal enzymes. RESULTS: This study obtained a mutant of Trichoderma afroharzianum by exposures to N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), Ethyl Methanesulfonate (EMS), Atmospheric and Room Temperature Plasma (ARTP) and ALE with high sugar stress. The T. afroharzianum mutant MEA-12 produced 0.60, 5.47, 0.31 and 2.17 IU/mL FPase, CMCase, pNPCase and pNPGase, respectively. These levels were 4.33, 6.37, 4.92 and 4.15 times higher than those of the parental strain, respectively. Also, it was found that T. afroharzianum had the same carbon catabolite repression (CCR) effect as other Trichoderma in liquid submerged fermentation. In contrast, the mutant MEA-12 can tolerate the inhibition of glucose (up to 20 mM) without affecting enzyme production under inducing conditions. Interestingly, crude enzyme from MEA-12 showed high enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency against three different biomasses (cornstalk, bamboo and reed), when combined with cellulase from T. reesei Rut-C30. In addition, the factors that improved cellulase production by MEA-12 were clarified. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, compound mutagenesis combined with ALE effectively increased the production of fungal cellulase. A super-producing mutant MEA-12 was obtained, and its cellulase could hydrolyze common biomasses efficiently, in combination with enzymes derived from model strain T. reesei, which provides a new choice for processing of bioresources in the future.

5.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 568, 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Environmental conditions affect the biology of mosquito vectors. Aedes albopictus is a major vector of many important diseases including dengue, Zika, and chikungunya in China. Understanding the development, fecundity, and survivorship of Ae. albopictus mosquitoes in different environmental conditions is beneficial for the implementation of effective vector control measures. METHODS: Aedes albopictus larval and adult life-table experiments were conducted under natural conditions in indoor, half-shaded, and fully shaded settings, simulating the three major habitat types in Hainan Province, a tropical island in the South China Sea. Temperature, humidity, and light intensity were recorded daily. Larval rearing used habitat water and tap water, with and without additional artificial food. Development time, survivorship, pupation rate, and adult emergence rates were monitored. Adult mosquito survivorship and fecundity were monitored daily and reproductive rates were determined, and age-dependent survivorship and reproduction were analyzed. RESULTS: The pupation time and male and female emergence times were significantly shorter in indoor conditions than in shaded and half-shaded conditions for both tap water with added food and habitat water with added food groups. For habitat water with added food, the shaded environment had the lowest pupation rate among the settings. For tap water with added food group, the shaded environment had the lowest pupation rate. The mean survival time of females was 27.3 ± 0.8 days in the indoor condition, which was significantly longer than that in the half-shaded (18.4 ± 0.6 days) and shaded (13.8 ± 1.2 days) conditions. Adult mortality was age-dependent, and the rate of change in mortality with age was not significantly different among different environmental conditions. The mean net replacement rate (R0) of female mosquitoes showed no significant difference among the three conditions, whereas the per capita intrinsic growth rate (r) in the shaded condition was 42.0% and 20.4% higher than that in the indoor and half-shaded conditions, respectively. Female daily egg mass was also age-dependent in all the settings, decaying exponentially with age. CONCLUSIONS: Our results imply that half-shaded conditions are likely the best natural condition for adult emergence and female reproduction, and food supply is crucial for larval development and pupation. The results provide new avenues for integrated mosquito management in indoor and outdoor areas, especially in half-shaded areas.

6.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 168: 211-220, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649024

RESUMO

Many studies have revealed that SPX (SYG1/Pho81/XPR1) family genes play a key role in signal transduction related to phosphorus (P) deficiency in plants. Here, we identified 33 SPX gene family members in maize through genome-wide analysis and classified them into 4 subfamilies according to SPX structural characteristics (SPX, SPX-MFS, SPX-EXS and SPX-RING). The promoter regions of ZmSPXs are rich in biotic/abiotic-related stress elements. The quantitative real-time PCR analysis of 33 ZmSPXs revealed that all members except for ZmSPX3 of the SPX subfamily were significantly induced under P-deficient conditions, especially ZmSPX4.1 and ZmSPX4.2, which showed strong responses to low P stress and exhibited remarkably different expression patterns in low Pi sensitive and insensitive cultivars of maize. These results suggested that the SPX subfamily might play pivotal roles in P stress sensing and response. Experimental observations of subcellular localization in maize protoplasts indicated the following results, implying multiple roles in cell metabolism: ZmSPX2, ZmSPX5 and ZmSPX6 localized in the nucleus; ZmSPX1 and ZmSPX3 localized in the nucleus and cytoplasm; and ZmSPX4.2 localized in the chloroplast. A Y2H assay suggested that ZmPHR1 could interact with ZmSPX3, ZmSPX4.2, ZmSPX5, and ZmSPX6, indicating the involvement of these proteins in the P stress response in a ZmPHR1-mediated manner.

7.
Appl Opt ; 60(26): 8022-8030, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613063

RESUMO

Precision glass molding (PGM) technology has recently emerged as a promising fabrication method for mass-fabricating optical glass lenses with complex surfaces. However, lens fracture as a common problem has not been analyzed in detail. In this paper, the divergent cone cracks in the molded lens were analyzed using the finite element method, because crack propagation cannot be seen in the molding process. A three-dimensional model was established in MSC Marc software for analyzing the temperature, stress components, and principal stress of the glass in different molding stages. The crack paths were analyzed using the simulation results and the fracture basis. Based on the analysis, PGM experiments with different processing parameters were carried out. The appearance of the molded lenses demonstrated the rationality and correctness of the analysis. Thus, analyses of other types of lens fractures can use the analysis method proposed in this paper rather than relying on trial and error.

8.
Opt Express ; 29(15): 23847-23863, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614642

RESUMO

Ultrasonic assisted diamond turning (UADT) is a significant machining technology for the fabrication of a crack-free surface on single-crystal silicon. However, due to insufficient understanding of intermittent cutting characteristic, most researches have been only focused on the mechanism of ductile-regime machining rather than the improvement of surface quality and machining efficiency. Therefore, the novel machining model in UADT, ductile-brittle coupled cutting, is proposed to reveal how to realize the high-precision optical surface with larger processing parameters. Two quantitative performance indices, crack length projection and maximum tolerance length, are employed to evaluate whether a smooth surface can be achieved. And the variation of microscopic crack is analyzed and discussed in a single vibration cycle with different machining and tool parameters. In the experiments, the odd cosine surface is fabricated and the surface roughness Ra can reach 1.739 nm after measuring. The results show that better surface quality and higher machining efficiency can be achieved on single-crystal silicon by ductile-brittle coupled cutting in UADT.

9.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 216, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593788

RESUMO

Drought stress is a major agricultural problem restricting the growth, development, and productivity of plants. Calcineurin B-like proteins (CBLs) and CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs) significantly influence the plant response to different stresses. However, the molecular mechanisms of CBL-CIPK in the drought stress response of pepper are still unknown. Here, the function of CaCIPK3 in the regulation of drought stress in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) was explored. Transcriptomic data and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that CaCIPK3 participates in the response to multiple stresses. Knockdown of CaCIPK3 in pepper increased the sensitivity to mannitol and methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Transient overexpression of CaCIPK3 improved drought tolerance by enhancing the activities of the antioxidant system and positively regulating jasmonate (JA)-related genes. Ectopic expression of CaCIPK3 in tomato also improved drought and MeJA resistance. As the CaCIPK3-interacting partner, CaCBL2 positively influenced drought resistance. Additionally, CaWRKY1 and CaWRKY41 directly bound the CaCIPK3 promoter to influence its expression. This study shows that CaCIPK3 acts as a positive regulator in drought stress resistance via the CBL-CIPK network to regulate MeJA signaling and the antioxidant defense system.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(10): 985-988, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625938

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical phenotype and pathogenic variant in a child diagnosed with mental retardation and microcephaly with pontine and cerebellar hypoplasia (MICPCH). METHODS: Clinical phenotype of the child was reviewed. Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the child. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of the family member. RESULTS: The proband manifested dyskinesia, development delay, cerebellar hypoplasia and bilateral hearing impairment. WES results revealed that the proband has carried a pathogenic c.1641_1644delACAA (p.Thr548Trpfs*69) variant of the CASK gene, which was verified by Sanger sequencing to be a de novo variant. CONCLUSION: The c.1641_1644delACAA (p.Thr548Trpfs*69) variant of the CASK gene probably underlay the MICPCH in the proband. Above finding has provided a basis for genetic counseling. WES should be considered for the diagnosis of neurological dysplasia.


Assuntos
Microcefalia , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso , Cerebelo/anormalidades , Criança , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Família , Humanos , Retardo Mental Ligado ao Cromossomo X , Microcefalia/genética
11.
Urol Int ; : 1-6, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics, treatment methods, and prognosis of neonatal pyocele of tunica vaginalis and to provide a reference for the clinical treatment. METHODS: A total of 56 newborns with pyocele of tunica vaginalis were admitted to our hospital due to the scrotal emergency from January 2015 to January 2020. Our study retrospectively analyzed these 56 cases. Of the 56 cases, including 32 full-term infants and 24 premature infants, age ranged from 1 to 27 days. Initially, conservative treatment (intravenous antibiotic treatment) was applied to 42 cases, and surgery to 14 cases. Then, 7 underwent surgical exploration during the conservative treatment, and 2 cases with initial surgical treatment experienced orchiectomy because of complete necrosis. For 56 cases, the average follow-up time was 18 months. RESULTS: The clinical recovery time of cases with conservative treatment ranged from 8 to 17 days, with an average of 11.02 ± 2.31 days. The clinical recovery time of cases with surgery ranged from 6 to 15 days, with an average of 9.28 ± 2.78 days. During the follow-up, for 56 cases, except for the 2 cases with orchiectomy, the testicular position and Doppler flow both went back to normal, of the 42 cases with initial conservative treatment, 1 case experienced testicular retardation, of the 14 cases with initial surgical treatment, 2 cases experienced testicular retardation, and hydrocele of 42 cases were self-healed. CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal pyocele of tunica vaginalis is mostly secondary to intra-abdominal infection. Color Doppler ultrasound is helpful for the diagnosis. The percutaneous aspiration is a way of collecting pathogenic bacteria during the conservative treatment. If the color Doppler suggests testicular involvement, surgical exploration should be performed.

12.
Diagn Pathol ; 16(1): 93, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have become a hot topic in the area of tumor biology due to its closed structure and the post-transcriptional regulatory effect. This study aims to clarify the roles of circRNA nuclear receptor-interacting protein 1 (NRIP1; circNRIP1) and the possible mechanisms in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS: The real-time PCR was used to detect the expression level of CircRNA NRIP1 in PTC specimens and cell lines. The effects of CircRNA NRIP1 and miR-195-5p on the PTC cell functions were detected by MTT, transwell, and flow cytometry assays. Dual-luciferase reporter assays and pull down assays were used to verify the association between circRNA NRIP1 and miR-195-5p. The murine xenograft models were constructed to detect the roles of CircRNA NRIP1 and miR-195-5p. Western blot was applied to detect the effects of CircRNA NRIP1 and miR-195-5p on the P38 MAPK and JAK/STAT singling pathways. RESULTS: CircRNA NRIP1 was over-expressed in PTC tissues and cells and the high levels of CircRNA NRIP1 were correlated with advanced PTC stage. Depletion of CircRNA NRIP1 inhibited PTC cell proliferation, invasion, while accelerated apoptosis. miR-195-5p upregulation repressed proliferation and invasion capabilities, and accelerated apoptosis of PTC cell lines and restraining the growth of tumor xenografts, while the functions were reversed following CircRNA NRIP1 overexpression in PTC cells and tumor xenografts. Besides, the protein levels of p-p38, p-JAK2 and p-STAT1 were remarkably down-regulated in miR-195-5p overexpressed PTC cells and tumor xenografts, whereas CircRNA NRIP1 up-regulation overturned the impacts. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, CircRNA NRIP1 promoted PTC progression by accelerating PTC cells proliferation, invasion and tumor growth, while impeding apoptosis by way of sponging miR-195-5p and regulating the P38 MAPK and JAK/STAT pathways.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(42): 17862-17870, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641680

RESUMO

Taxol is one of the most famous natural diterpenoids and an important anticancer medicine. Taxol represents a formidable synthetic challenge and has prompted significant interest from the synthetic community. However, in all the previous syntheses of Taxol, there have been no reports of closing the desired eight-membered ring through C1-C2 bond formation. Furthermore, the existence of Taxol-resistant tumors and side effects of Taxol make the development of new approaches to synthesize Taxol and its derivatives highly desirable. Here, we report the asymmetric total synthesis of Taxol using a concise approach through 19 isolated intermediates. The synthetically challenging eight-membered ring was constructed efficiently by a diastereoselective intramolecular SmI2-mediated pinacol coupling reaction to form the C1-C2 bond. The unique biomimetic oxygen ene reaction and the newly developed facile tandem C2-benzoate formation and C13 side chain installation improved the efficiency of the synthesis. The mild oxygen ene reaction under light conditions would be an alternative reaction involved in Taxol biosynthesis. This new convergent approach will allow the diverse creation of Taxol derivatives to enable further biological research.

14.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of Shenfu Injection (, SFI) on blood lactate, and secondarily its effect on the lactate clearance (LC) in patients with post cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS). METHODS: The present study is a post hoc study of a randomized, assessor-blinded, controlled trial. Patients experienced in-hospital cardiac arrest between 2012 and 2015 were included in the predefined post hoc analyses. Of 1,022 patients enrolled, a total of 978 patients were allocated to the control group (486 cases) and SFI (492 cases) group, receiving standardized post-resuscitation care bundle (PRCB) treatment or PRCB combined with SFI (100 mL/d), respectively. Patients' serum lactate was measured simultaneously with artery blood gas, lactate clearance (LC) was calculated on days 1, 3, and 7 after admission and compared between groups. Lactate and LC were also compared between the survivors and non-survivors according to the 28-d mortality, as well as the survivors and non-survivors subgroups both in the SFI and control groups. RESULTS: In both groups, compared with pre-treatment levels, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and PaO2 were significantly improved on 1, 3, 7 d after treatment (P<0.05), while heart rate (HR) and blood glucose levels were significantly decreased on 1, 3 and 7 d after treatment (P<0.05). compared with control group, SFI treatment improved the values of MAP and PaO2 (P<0.05), and significantly decreased the levels of HR and the blood glucose level on 3 and 7 d after treatment (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, lactate levels decreased faster in the SFI group versus the control group on 3 and 7 d (P<0.05). From initiation of treatment and the following 3 and 7 d, SFI treatment greatly increased the LC compared with that in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with survivors, non-survivors had higher admission lactate levels (7.3 ±1.1 mmol/L vs. 5.5 ±2.3 mmol/L; P<0.01), higher lactate levels on days 1, 3 and 7 (P<0.05), and LC were decreased significantly on 3 and 7 d after treatment (P<0.05). Similar results were also found both in the SFI and control groups between survivors and non-survivors subgroups. CONCLUSION: SFI in combination with PRCB treatment is effective at lowering lactate level and resulted in increasing LC in a targeted population of PCAS patients.

15.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 489, 2021 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the predictive value of recently updated ACEF II score on major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD) undergoing one-stop hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR). METHODS: Patients with MVCAD undergoing one-stop HCR were retrospectively recruited from March 2018 to September 2020. Several prediction risk models, including ACEF II score, were calculated for each patient. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to evaluate freedom from cardiac death and MACCE survival rates. Differences of prediction performance among risk scores for predicting MACCE were compared by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: According to the ACEF II score, a total of 120 patients undergoing one-stop HCR were assigned to low-score group (80 cases) and high-score group (40 cases). During the median follow-up time of 18 months, the incidence of MACCE in the low-score group and high-score group were 8.8 % and 37.5 %, respectively (p < 0.001); and the cardiac death rate of the two were 2.5% and 12.5%, respectively (p < 0.05). Moreover, the cumulative freedom from cardiac death (97.5% vs. 86.8, p < 0.05) and MACCE (75.2% vs. 52.8%, p < 0.001) survival rates in the high-score group were significantly lower than in the low-score group. According to the Cox proportional hazards regression, the ACEF II score was an independent prognostic indicator for MACCE with hazards ratio (HR) 2.24, p = 0.003. The ROC curve analysis indicated that the areas under the curve (AUC) of MACCE from the ACEF II score was 0.740 (p < 0.001), while the AUC of MACCE from the SYNTAX score II CABG was 0.621 (p = 0.070) and the AUC from the EuroSCORE II was 0.703 (p < 0.001). Thus, the accurate predictive value of ACEF II score was similar to the EuroSCORE II but much higher than the SYNTAX score II CABG. CONCLUSIONS: The updated ACEF II score is a more convenient and validated prediction tool for MACCE in patients with MVCAD undergoing one-stop HCR comparing to other risk models.

16.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101063, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494397

RESUMO

The development of photothermal agents with high photothermal conversion efficiency (PCE) can help to reduce drug and laser dosage, but still remains a big challenge. Herein, a novel approach is reported to design photothermal agents with high PCE values by promoting nonradiative heat generation processes through the cooperation of twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) and molecular motions. Within the designed molecule 2DMTT-BBTD, the tetraphenylethenes act as molecular rotors, the long alkyl chain grafted thiophene helps to twist the molecular geometry to facilitate TICT state formation and preserve molecular motions in aggregate, while the strong electron-withdrawing BBTD unit enhances TICT effect. 2DMTT-BBTD exhibits NIR-absorption and a high PCE value of 74.8% under 808 nm laser irradiation. Gambogic acid (GA) which surmounts tumor cell thermotolerance by inhibiting heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) expression is coloaded into the nanoparticles, RGD peptide is further introduced to the nanoparticle surface to improve tumor accumulation. The resultant nanoparticles facilitate the effective low-temperature hyperthermia therapy of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) with minimal damage to surrounding heathy tissues. This work delivers a new design concept for development of highly efficient photothermal agents, which also provides a safer approach for noninvasive treatment of MIBC and other malignant tumors.

17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(9): 880-883, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic etiology of a fetus with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). METHODS: Prenatal ultrasonography has revealed oligohydramnios and abnormal structure of fetal kidneys. After careful counseling, the couple opted induced abortion. With informed consent, genomic DNA was extracted from the muscle sample of the abortus and peripheral blood samples of the couple. High throughput whole exome sequencing was carried out to detect potential variants in relation with the disease. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: Prenatal ultrasound revealed increased size of fetal kidneys, with multiple hyperechos from the right kidney, and multiple hyperechos with anechoic masses within the left kidney. DNA sequencing revealed that the fetus has carried heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene, including c.7994T>C inherited from its father, and two heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene c.5681G>A from its mother. CONCLUSION: The compound heterozygous c.7994T>C and c.5681G>A variants of the PKHD1 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of ARPKD in this fetus. Above results can provide guidance for subsequent pregnancies of the couple.


Assuntos
Rim Policístico Autossômico Recessivo , Feminino , Feto , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Mutação , Rim Policístico Autossômico Recessivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim Policístico Autossômico Recessivo/genética , Gravidez , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética
18.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 9(4): 357-362, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34567568

RESUMO

Background: Surgical-site infection (SSI) was one of the most common post-operative morbidities of ileostomy reversal. Although several skin-closure procedures had been developed to reduce the rate of SSI, the optimal procedure remains unclear. In this study, we compared the effect of two surgical techniques for wound closure following ileostomy reversal: gunsight suture (GS) and linear suture (LS). Methods: A total of 233 patients who underwent loop ileostomy at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2015 and December 2017 were enrolled into our study. These patients were divided into two groups: the LS group and the GS group. We compared the clinical characteristics between the two groups and analyzed the data using IBM SPSS to identify risk factors for SSI. Results: Both groups successfully underwent surgery. The rate of SSI was significantly lower in the GS group (n = 2, 0.02%) than in the LS group (n = 16, 12.00%, P = 0.007). The length of hospital stay after the operation in the GS group was significantly shorter than that in the LS group (8.1 ± 3.2 vs 10.8 ± 5.4 days, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that GS was an independent protective risk factor for SSI (odds ratio = 0.212, P = 0.048). Conclusions: Compared with the LS technique, the GS technique can significantly decrease the rate of SSI and shorten the length of hospital stay after surgery. The GS technique may be recommended for wound closure following ileostomy reversal.

19.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5239, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475378

RESUMO

Bridged medium-sized bicyclo[m.n.2] ring systems are common in natural products and potent pharmaceuticals, and pose a great synthetic challenge. Chemistry for making bicyclo[m.n.2] ring systems remains underdeveloped. Currently, there are no general reactions available for the single-step synthesis of various bridged bicyclo[m.n.2] ring systems from acyclic precursors. Here, we report an unusual type II intramolecular (3+2) dipolar cycloaddition strategy for the syntheses of various bridged bicyclo[m.n.2] ring systems. This rhodium-catalysed cascade reaction provides a relatively general strategy for the direct and efficient regioselective and diastereoselective synthesis of highly functionalized and synthetically challenging bridged medium-sized polycyclic systems. Asymmetric total synthesis of nakafuran-8 was accomplished using this method as a key step. Quantum mechanical calculations demonstrate the mechanism of this transformation and the origins of its multiple selectivities. This reaction will inspire the design of the strategies to make complex bioactive molecules with bridged medium-sized polycyclic systems.

20.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(8): 9820-9825, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of arrhythmia. AF is more common in the elderly population than in the young population. Radiofrequency ablation (RA) is the treatment option for drug-naïve AF; however, previous studies have focused on the young population. Therefore, it would be clinically valuable to compare the efficacy and safety of RA in both elderly and young patients with AF. OBJECTIVE: This study intended to compare the efficacy and safety of RA in elderly and young patients with AF. METHODS: Forty patients with drug-naïve AF who underwent RA at our hospital were retrospectively evaluated, of whom 20 were < 65 years old (group 1) and 20 were ≥ 65 years old (group 2). The treatment efficacy was evaluated by comparing the durations of the surgical procedures, the postoperative platelet activation, and the inflammatory factor levels. RESULTS: The total operation times for RA (160.64 ± 7.25 vs. 160.64 ± 7.25 min, P = 0.341) and the fluoroscopy times (40.82 ± 5.93 vs. 39.89 ± 6.35 min, P = 0.636) did not differ between the elderly (74.1 ± 6.7 years) and the young (54.6 ± 7.9 years) groups. The postoperative platelet activation levels (6.90% ± 0.64% vs. 6.90% ± 0.70%, P = 0.991), the P-selectin expression levels (4.5 ± 1.3 vs. 4.9 ± 1.3, P = 0.333) and the activated glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (0.5 ± 1.0 vs. 0.4 ± 1.1, P = 0.649), and the inflammatory factor levels (C-reactive protein: 26.45 ± 6.66 vs. 25.72 ± 7.78 mg/L, P = 0.750) were elevated in both groups but did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSION: RA is a safe and effective procedure in elderly and young patients with medically refractory AF.

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