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Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1329-1337, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541999


BACKGROUND: This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup of 55 patients. RESULTS: In total, 823 patients were enrolled (50.5% male) with a mean age of 60.9 ± 14.9 years. AKI occurred in 38 (40.9%) ICU cases but only 6 (0.8%) non-ICU cases. Using forward stepwise Cox regression analysis, we found eight independent risk factors for AKI including decreased platelet level, lower albumin level, lower phosphorus level, higher level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), urea, and prothrombin time (PT) on admission. For every 0.1 mmol/L decreases in serum phosphorus level, patients had a 1.34-fold (95% CI 1.14-1.58) increased risk of AKI. Patients with hypophosphatemia were likely to be older and with lower lymphocyte count, lower serum albumin level, lower uric acid, higher LDH, and higher CRP. Furthermore, serum phosphorus level was positively correlated with phosphate tubular maximum per volume of filtrate (TmP/GFR) (Pearson r = 0.66, p < .001) in subgroup analysis, indicating renal phosphate loss via proximal renal tubular dysfunction. CONCLUSION: The AKI incidence was very low in non-ICU patients as compared to ICU patients. Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 infection.

Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , COVID-19/complicações , Hipofosfatemia/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hipofosfatemia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365599


A fractured karst aquifer polluted by petroleum hydrocarbons (PH) for several decades was selected to study the influences of PH on the hydrochemical environment. The research was implemented using the hydrochemical indicators (Ca2+, Mg2+, Na++K+, HCO3-, NO3-, Cl-, F-, and SO42-) and PH with the help of GIS and origin platforms, statistical analyses, and graphical methods. Results showed that PH had significant influences on the hydrochemical environment over the last several decades. The main principle elements influencing the evolution processes of hydrochemical environment were carbonates dissolution, leaking wastewater, and biodegradation processes from 1977 to 2019, and hydrochemistry types changed from HCO3-Ca-Mg and HCO3-Ca to HCO3-Cl-Ca-Mg and HCO3-Cl-Ca. The contribution rate of PH biodegradation to the representative ion increased at first, then decreased over time, which has a close relationship with the variation characteristics of PH. The dynamic evolution processes of hydrochemical environment have significances for indentifying the influencing mechanisms of hydrogeochemical reactions, which could provide valuable scientific suggestions for the local administrators to take effective efforts to optimize and protect the karst groundwater environment.

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 33(7): 815-820, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412750


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of Jiedu Limai decoction in septic patients with syndrome of heat-toxin exuberance. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. From March 2019 to April 2020, septic patients with syndrome of heat-toxin exuberance admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shanghai General Hospital and Songjiang Branch of Shanghai General Hospital were enrolled as the research objects, and they were divided into routine treatment group and Jiedu Limai decoction group by the random number table method. Patients in both groups were given standard treatment in accordance with the guidelines, and patients in the Jiedu Limai decoction group were given Jiedu Limai decoction in addition to the standard treatment, once a day for 14 days. The 28-day survival of patients of the two groups were recorded, the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, coagulation indexes, infection indexes, inflammatory cytokines and organ function indicators before treatment and 7 days after treatment in both groups were recorded, and the prognosis of the two groups were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 259 patients with infection or clinical diagnosis of infection admitted during the experimental observation period were included, and those who did not meet the Sepsis-3 diagnostic criteria, more than 80 years old or less than 18 years old, with multiple tumor metastases, autoimmune system diseases, with length of ICU stay less than 24 hours, with acute active gastrointestinal bleeding and with incomplete data were excluded. One hundred patients were finally enrolled, with 50 patients in the routine treatment group and 50 patients in the Jiedu Limai decoction group. There were no statistically significant differences in coagulation indexes, infection indicators, inflammatory cytokines and organ function indicators before treatment between the two groups. After 7 days of treatment, the coagulation indexes, infection biomarkers and inflammatory cytokines in the Jiedu Limai decoction group were significantly lower than those in the routine treatment group [D-dimer (mg/L): 2.2 (1.8, 8.5) vs. 4.0 (1.5, 8.7), fibrinogen (Fib, g/L): 3.7 (3.4, 4.3) vs. 4.2 (3.7, 4.3), fibrinogen degradation product (FDP, mg/L): 7.2 (5.4, 10.2) vs. 13.2 (9.2, 15.2), procalcitonin (PCT, µg/L): 0.4 (0.2, 2.9) vs. 0.5 (0.2, 0.9), C-reactive protein (CRP, mg/L): 50.1 (9.5, 116.0) vs. 75.1 (23.5, 115.2), interleukin-6 (IL-6, ng/L): 31.6 (21.6, 81.0) vs. 44.1 (14.0, 71.3), all P < 0.05], and the levels of B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) were significantly lowered [BNP (ng/L): 261.1 (87.5, 360.3) vs. 347.3 (128.8, 439.4), KIM-1 (µg/L): 0.86 (0.01, 1.40) vs. 1.24 (1.05, 1.57), both P < 0.05]. Compared with the routine treatment group, the number of new organ failure in the Jiedu Limai decoction group was decreased (30.0% vs. 50.0%, P < 0.05). Although there was no significant difference in 28-day mortality between the two groups (P > 0.05), the 28-day mortality in the Jiedu Limai decoction group was lower than that in the routine treatment group (18.0% vs. 24.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Combining Jiedu Limai decoction to the sepsis guideline in treating syndrome of heat-toxin exuberance can effectively improve patients' coagulation function, the situation of heart and renal injury, reduce the level of inflammatory cytokines, and fewer people develop new organ failure after treatment.

Temperatura Alta , Sepse , Adolescente , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Humanos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1115-1123, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233570


INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients is associated with poor prognosis. Early prediction and intervention of AKI are vital for improving clinical outcome of COVID-19 patients. As lack of tools for early AKI detection in COVID-19 patients, this study aimed to validate the USCD-Mayo risk score in predicting hospital-acquired AKI in an extended multi-center COVID-19 cohort. METHODS: Five hundred seventy-two COVID-19 patients from Wuhan Tongji Hospital Guanggu Branch, Wuhan Leishenshan Hospital, and Wuhan No. Ninth Hospital was enrolled for this study. Patients who developed AKI or reached an outcome of recovery or death during the study period were included. Predictors were evaluated according to data extracted from medical records. RESULTS: Of all patients, a total of 44 (8%) developed AKI. The UCSD-Mayo risk score achieved excellent discrimination in predicting AKI with the C-statistic of 0.88 (95%CI: 0.84-0.91). Next, we determined the UCSD-Mayo risk score had good overall performance (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.32) and calibration in our cohort. Further analysis showed that the UCSD-Mayo risk score performed well in subgroups defined by gender, age, and several chronic comorbidities. However, the discrimination of the UCSD-Mayo risk score in ICU patients and patients with mechanical ventilation was not good which might be resulted from different risk factors of these patients. CONCLUSIONS: We validated the performance of UCSD-Mayo risk score in predicting hospital-acquired AKI in COVID-19 patients was excellent except for patients from ICU or patients with mechanical ventilation.

Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , COVID-19/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
Cell Death Dis ; 12(8): 754, 2021 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330891


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant morbidity and its chronic inflammation contributes to subsequent chronic kidney disease (CKD) development. Yes-associated protein (YAP), the major transcriptional coactivator of the Hippo pathway, has been shown associated with chronic inflammation, but its role and mechanism in AKI-CKD transition remain unclear. Here we aimed to investigate the role of YAP in AKI-induced chronic inflammation. Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) was used to induce a mouse model of AKI-CKD transition. We used verteporfin (VP), a pharmacological inhibitor of YAP, to treat post-IRI mice for a period, and evaluated the influence of YAP inhibition on long-term outcomes of AKI. In our results, severe IRI led to maladaptive tubular repair, macrophages infiltration, and progressive fibrosis. Following AKI, the Hippo pathway was found significantly altered with YAP persistent activation. Besides, tubular YAP activation was associated with the maladaptive repair, also correlated with interstitial macrophage infiltration. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) was found notably upregulated with YAP activation. Of note, pharmacological inhibition of YAP in vivo attenuated renal inflammation, including macrophage infiltration and MCP-1 overexpression. Consistently, in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) induced YAP activation and MCP-1 overproduction whereas these could be inhibited by VP. In addition, we modulated YAP activity by RNA interference, which further confirmed YAP activation enhances MCP-1 expression. Together, we concluded tubular YAP activation with maladaptive repair exacerbates renal inflammation probably via promoting MCP-1 production, which contributes to AKI-CKD transition.

Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107169, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183976


Ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI), the most common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), is correlated with oxidative stress and subsequent inflammation. Taraxasterol, a natural product, has been shown to exert anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the role of taraxasterol in renal IRI remains unknown. In this study, mice were subjected to 30 min of bilateral renal ischemia-reperfusion to induce AKI. Cellular hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) was used to mimic IRI in vitro. Western blotting, immunochemistry, immunofluorescence, TUNEL staining, ELISA, and flow cytometry were performed to evaluate kidney damage, oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. Treatment with taraxasterol attenuated the following in a dose-dependent manner: tubular damage; infiltration of F4/80-positive macrophages; renal interstitial fibrosis; myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity; and expression of the inflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Moreover, taraxasterol treatment remarkably ameliorated apoptosis in the kidney by decreasing Bax expression and conserving Bcl2. Notably, MitoSOX assay revealed that treatment with taraxasterol suppressed the production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, taraxasterol suppressed phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, these findings indicate that taraxasterol has a protective effect on IRI-induced AKI via inhibition of oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis.

Injúria Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Esteróis/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL