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2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(24)2021 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34960569

RESUMO

Human activity recognition without equipment plays a vital role in smart home applications, freeing humans from the shackles of wearable devices. In this paper, by using the channel state information (CSI) of the WiFi signal, semi-supervised transfer learning with dynamic associate domain adaptation is proposed for human activity recognition. In order to improve the CSI quality and denoising of CSI, we carried out missing packet filling, burst noise removal, background estimation, feature extraction, feature enhancement, and data augmentation in the data pre-processing stage. This paper considers the problem of environment-independent human activity recognition, also known as domain adaptation. The pre-trained model is trained from the source domain by collecting a complete labeled dataset of all of the CSI of human activity patterns. Then, the pre-trained model is transferred to the target environment through the semi-supervised transfer learning stage. Therefore, when humans move to different target domains, a partial labeled dataset of the target domain is required for fine-tuning. In this paper, we propose a dynamic associate domain adaptation called DADA. By modifying the existing associate domain adaptation algorithm, the target domain can provide a dynamic ratio of labeled dataset/unlabeled dataset, while the existing associate domain adaptation algorithm only allows target domains with the unlabeled dataset. The advantage of DADA is that it provides a dynamic strategy to eliminate different effects on different environments. In addition, we further designed an attention-based DenseNet model, or AD, as our training network, which is modified by an existing DenseNet by adding the attention function. The solution we proposed was simplified to DADA-AD throughout the paper. The experimental results show that for domain adaptation in different domains, the accuracy of human activity recognition of the DADA-AD scheme is 97.4%. It also shows that DADA-AD has advantages over existing semi-supervised learning schemes.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina Supervisionado , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Aclimatação , Algoritmos , Atividades Humanas , Humanos
3.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

4.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(7): 549-54, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture(EA) at "Zusanli"(ST36), "Yinlingquan" (SP9) or "Yingu"(KI10) on the expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine type 7 receptor (5-HT7R) in the gastric antrum and colon tissues in functional diarrhea (FD) model rats, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improving FD. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, ST36, SP9 and KI10 groups,with 8 rats in each group. The FD model was established by combined administration of restriction (four-limbs' banding) + abdominal cold stimulation + feeding every other day, for 14 days. EA (2 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to bilateral ST36 or bilateral SP9 or bilateral KI10 in the 3 corresponding groups for 30 min, once a day for 7 days after successful modeling. Rats of the control group received restriction only. The fecal water content was calculated and the stool form score was given according to the Bristol's methods. The gastric residual rate (GRR) and small intestine propulsion rate (SIPR) were determined to assess the motility of the gastrointestinal tract. Immunohistochemical and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR were used to detect the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA of the gastric antrum and colon tissues, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the fecal water content, the stool form score, the SIPR and the expression levels of 5-HT7R protein and 5-HT7R mRNA were significantly increased (P<0.01,P<0.05) and the GRR was considerably decreased in the model group (P<0.01). The fecal water content, stool form score and SIPR, and expression level of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA in the gastric antrum and colon were significantly lower in both the ST36 and SP9 groups (not in the KI10 group) than in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), but the GRR was significantly higher in the ST36 and SP9 groups (not in the KI10 group) than in the model group (P<0.01). The effects of both ST36 and SP9 were significantly superior to those of KI10 in improving all the indexes mentioned above (except SIPR and the mRNA level of 5-HT7R in the colon in SP9 group)(P<0.01, P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the ST36 and SP9 groups in lowering the levels of fecal water content, stool form score, SIPR, and the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA, as well as in up-regulating GRR (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of ST36 and SP9 can improve the motility of gastrointestinal tract in FD rats, which may be related to its functions in down-regulating the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA in gastric antrum and colon tissues. The effects of ST36 and SP9 were obviously better than those of KI10 in ameliorating the gastric and intestinal motility (except GRR) and in lowering the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Colo , Diarreia/genética , Diarreia/terapia , Masculino , Antro Pilórico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
5.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 23(8): 724-730, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253100

RESUMO

Three new flavonoid glycosides, embeliaflavosides A-C (1-3), together with eight known flavonoid glycosides (4-11), were isolated from the fruits of Embelia ribes. Their structures were established based on the analyses of spectroscopic data. Compounds 1-11 were evaluated for antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities. The results revealed that compounds 1-11 owned significant ABTS radical scavenging activity with IC50 values of 2.52-9.78 µM, and DPPH scavenging activity with IC50 values of 7.56-26.47 µM, respectively. However, α-glucosidase inhibition assay indicated that all the isolates were inactive.[Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Embelia , Ribes , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Embelia/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Frutas , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais , Ribes/metabolismo , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
6.
Chin Med ; 16(1): 62, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315516

RESUMO

The worldwide prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing, and this metabolic disorder has been recognized as a severe threat to human health. A variety of chemical drugs have been approved for treating NAFLD, however, they always has serious side effects. Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) have been widely used for preventing and treating a range of metabolic diseases with satisfactory safety and effective performance in clinical treatment of NAFLD. Recent studies indicated that imbanlance of the intestinal microbiota was closely associated with the occurrence and development of NAFLD, thus, the intestinal microbiota has been recognized as a promising target for treatment of NAFLD. In recent decades, a variety of CHMs have been reported to effectively prevent or treat NAFLD by modulating intestinal microbiota to further interfer the gut-liver axis. In this review, recent advances in CHMs for the treatment of NAFLD via rebuilding the intestinal microecology were systematically reviewed. The key roles of CHMs in the regulation of gut microbiota and the gut-liver axis along with their mechanisms (such as modulating intestinal permeability, reducing the inflammatory response, protecting liver cells, improving lipid metabolism, and modulating nuclear receptors), were well summarized. All the knowledge and information presented here will be very helpful for researchers to better understand the applications and mechanisms of CHMs for treatment of NAFLD.

7.
Onco Targets Ther ; 14: 2227-2233, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824593

RESUMO

In adults, yolk sac tumors (YSTs) in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are very rare. To date, only six cases have been reported in the English literature. YSTs in adults are often accompanied by cancer, teratocarcinosarcoma, and other malignant components. Here, we have reported a case of nasal tumor in a 55-year-old man with nasal obstruction and epistaxis. Morphologically, the tumor showed histological characteristics of pure YST. Immunohistochemical staining showed diffuse expression of SALL4, CDX2, and GPC-3 accompanied by sporadic expression of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and CD117. After 20 and 40 days of operation, the serum AFP level was 220.30 and 43.60 ng/mL (normal, <7 ng/mL), respectively, which supported the pathological diagnosis of YST. However, we further performed immunohistochemical staining and fluorescence in situ hybridization using an INI-1 probe to detect the status of INI-1 in tumor cells. The results revealed that INI-1 was absent in tumor cells. Hence, we corrected the diagnosis to SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinoma of the nasal cavity with YST differentiation. The patient underwent surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy in our hospital without evidence of recurrence or metastasis at the 6-month follow-up. The serum AFP level had also normalized. In conclusion, our case demonstrates that INI-1-deficient carcinoma may exhibit, a pure YST differentiation and immunophenotype, and elevated serum AFP levels. In adults, YST in the nasal cavity may represent INI-1-deficient carcinoma, which may be a potential diagnostic pitfall.

8.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(7): 3435-3442, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723766

RESUMO

Functional and genetic studies have identified association between several Zinc finger (ZNF) proteins and Parkinson's disease (PD). However, most of them were still awaiting further replications, especially in the Asian population. Here, we systematically selected PD-relevant ZNF genes and analyzed the genetic associations between these ZNFs and PD in a large Chinese PD cohort. We identified rare variants (minor allele frequency < 0.01) in 743 unrelated patients with early-onset PD (EOPD, age at onset < 50 years) using whole exome sequencing and evaluated the association between rare variants and EOPD at both allele and gene levels. Totally 91 rare variants were identified in ZNF746, ZNF646, ZNF184, ZNF165, ZND219, and GLIS1. One variant p.R373H in ZNF219 and two variants p.G161D and p.R158H in ZNF746 were significantly associated with EOPD, and gene-based burden analysis showed enrichment of rare variants of ZNF746 in EOPD. Our findings build up the connection between ZNF746 and PD from a genetic perspective for the first time, supplement current understanding for the genetic role of ZNFs in EOPD, and broaden the mutation spectrum in PD.

9.
BMC Med ; 19(1): 27, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and clinical studies have suggested comorbidity between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and autoimmune disorders. However, little is known about their shared genetic architecture. METHODS: To examine the relation between ALS and 10 autoimmune diseases, including asthma, celiac disease (CeD), Crohn's disease (CD), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), multiple sclerosis (MS), psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), type 1 diabetes (T1D), and ulcerative colitis (UC), and identify shared risk loci, we first estimated the genetic correlation using summary statistics from genome-wide association studies, and then analyzed the genetic enrichment leveraging the conditional false discovery rate statistical method. RESULTS: We identified a significant positive genetic correlation between ALS and CeD, MS, RA, and SLE, as well as a significant negative genetic correlation between ALS and IBD, UC, and CD. Robust genetic enrichment was observed between ALS and CeD and MS, and moderate enrichment was found between ALS and UC and T1D. Thirteen shared genetic loci were identified, among which five were suggestively significant in another ALS GWAS, namely rs3828599 (GPX3), rs3849943 (C9orf72), rs7154847 (G2E3), rs6571361 (SCFD1), and rs9903355 (GGNBP2). By integrating cis-expression quantitative trait loci analyses in Braineac and GTEx, we further identified GGNBP2, ATXN3, and SLC9A8 as novel ALS risk genes. Functional enrichment analysis indicated that the shared risk genes were involved in four pathways including membrane trafficking, vesicle-mediated transport, ER to Golgi anterograde transport, and transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a specific genetic correlation between ALS and autoimmune diseases and identify shared risk loci, including three novel ALS risk genes. These results provide a better understanding for the pleiotropy of ALS and have implications for future therapeutic trials.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Doença Celíaca/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Doença de Crohn/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Esclerose Múltipla/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Psoríase/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas
10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3850, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594167

RESUMO

Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) play a pathogenic role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). STAT3 signaling is activated in FLS of RA patients (RA-FLS), which in turn causes RA-FLS hyperproliferation. RL is a traditional remedy for treating inflammatory diseases in China. It comprises Rosae Multiflorae Fructus and Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. A standardized ethanolic extract of RL (RLE) has been shown to exert anti-arthritic effects in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. Some constituents of RLE were reported to inhibit JAK2/STAT3 signaling in rat FLS. Here, we determined whether RLE inhibits FLS hyperproliferation, and explored the involvement of STAT3 signaling in this inhibition. In joints of CIA rats, RLE increased apoptotic FLS. In IL-6/sIL-6R-stimulated RA-FLS, RLE reduced cell viability and evoked cell apoptosis. In synovial tissues of CIA rats, RLE lowered the protein level of phospho-STAT3. In IL-6/sIL-6R-stimulated RA-FLS, RLE inhibited activation/phosphorylation of STAT3 and JAK2, decreased the nuclear localization of STAT3, and downregulated protein levels of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1. Over-activation of STAT3 diminished RLE's anti-proliferative effects in IL-6/sIL-6R-stimulated RA-FLS. In summary, RLE inhibits hyperproliferation of FLS in rat and cell models, and suppression of STAT3 signaling contributes to the underlying mechanisms. This study provides further pharmacological groundwork for developing RLE as a modern anti-arthritic drug.

12.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 12(1): 101593, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096512

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging lethal tick-borne disease that has been widely prevalent in East Asia in recent years, and raised an important public health problem in China. However, a comprehensive and thorough understanding of the current SFTS epidemic areas in Shandong Province is not available. Accordingly, a descriptive analysis was applied to explore the demographic and spatio-temporal features of SFTS cases in Shandong Province from 2010 to 2015. The division between epidemic areas and non-epidemic areas was given by maximum entropy niche model (MaxEnt) based on environmental factors such as temperature and precipitation. There were 1,786 SFTS cases between 2010 and 2015 in Shandong, mainly involving middle-aged and elderly individuals (age:40-80) and farmers (84.6 %). May-October was the high-incidence period and the SFTS cases were mostly clustered in the central and eastern regions of Shandong Province. In light of MaxEnt, 3 specific environmental features between dichotomous areas were identified, including 1) most epidemic areas are covered by acidic soils (Constituent ratio: 63.8 %) while 29.1 % coverage appears in non-epidemic areas, 2) compared with non-epidemic areas, the identical kinds of agricultural areas accounted for a higher constituent ratio (64.9 % vs. 42.7 %), and 3) lower level of annual temperature in epidemic areas compared to non-epidemic areas [Median: 13.2℃ vs. 14.2℃; (25th IQR, 75th IQR): (12.5, 13.7) vs. (13.6, 14.9)]. Our study suggests middle-aged and elderly farmers are high-risk population to be focused on in future prevention and acidic soils, agricultural activities as well lower temperature that may be related to increased SFTS incidence.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Clima , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Phlebovirus/fisiologia , Fatores de Risco , Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia/virologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Immunol Lett ; 229: 8-17, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186635

RESUMO

In abnormal glycosylation, molecules of glucose or other carbohydrates in living organisms are inappropriately attached to proteins, which causes protein denaturation. Abnormal glycosylation modification is known to directly or indirectly affect the tumor escape process, but very few studies have been performed on whether protein glycosylation changes the structure and function of immune cells and immune molecules and thereby regulates the occurrence and development of tumor escape. Therefore, this article summarizes the effect of the immune system on tumor escape in association with the abnormal glycosylation process from an immunological perspective.

14.
Hepatol Res ; 51(4): 490-502, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227168

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to use a metabonomics approach to identify potential biomarkers of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) for predicting the prognosis of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). METHODS: Using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, EBC metabolites of ACLF patients surviving without liver transplantation (n = 57) and those with worse outcomes (n = 45), and controls (n = 15) were profiled from a specialized liver disease center in Beijing. The metabolites were used to identify candidate biomarkers, and the predicted performance of potential biomarkers was tested. RESULTS: Forty-one metabolites, involving glycerophospholipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and amino acid metabolism, as candidate biomarkers for discriminating the different outcomes of ACLF were selected. A prognostic model was constructed by a panel of four metabolites including phosphatidylinositol [20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)/13:0], phosphatidyl ethanolamine (12:0/22:0), L-metanephrine and ethylbenzene, which could predict the worse prognosis in ACLF patients with sensitivity (84.4%) and specificity (89.5%) (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC] = 0.859, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.787-0.931). Compared with Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score (AUC = 0.639, 95% CI = 0.526-0.753) and MELD-sodium (MELD-Na) score (AUC = 0.692, 95% CI = 0.582-0.803), EBC-associated metabolite signature model could better predict worse outcomes in patients with ACLF (p < 0.05). Using the MELD-Na score and EBC metabolite signatures, a decision tree model was built for predicting the prognosis of ACLF identified on logistic regression analyses (AUC = 0.906, 95% CI = 0.846-0.965). CONCLUSION: EBC metabolic signatures show promise as potential biomarkers for predicting worse prognosis of ACLF.

16.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 600458, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193556

RESUMO

Fumonisin toxins are produced by Fusarium fungal pathogens. Fumonisins are structural analogs of sphingosine and potent inhibitors of ceramide synthases (CerSs); they disrupt sphingolipid metabolism and cause disease in plants and animals. Over the past three decades, researchers have used fumonisin B1 (FB1), the most common fumonisin, as a probe to investigate sphingolipid metabolism in yeast and animals. Although the physiological effects of FB1 in plants have yet to be investigated in detail, forward and reverse genetic approaches have revealed many genes involved in these processes. In this review, we discuss the intricate network of signaling pathways affected by FB1, including changes in sphingolipid metabolism and the effects of these changes, with a focus on our current understanding of the multiple effects of FB1 on plant cell death and plant growth. We analyze the major findings that highlight the connections between sphingolipid metabolism and FB1-induced signaling, and we point out where additional research is needed to fill the gaps in our understanding of FB1-induced signaling pathways in plants.

17.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 230: 113610, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896785

RESUMO

The ongoing pandemic of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is challenging global public health response system. We aim to identify the risk factors for the transmission of COVID-19 using data on mainland China. We estimated attack rate (AR) at county level. Logistic regression was used to explore the role of transportation in the nationwide spread. Generalized additive model and stratified linear mixed-effects model were developed to identify the effects of multiple meteorological factors on local transmission. The ARs in affected counties ranged from 0.6 to 9750.4 per million persons, with a median of 8.8. The counties being intersected by railways, freeways, national highways or having airports had significantly higher risk for COVID-19 with adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of 1.40 (p = 0.001), 2.07 (p < 0.001), 1.31 (p = 0.04), and 1.70 (p < 0.001), respectively. The higher AR of COVID-19 was significantly associated with lower average temperature, moderate cumulative precipitation and higher wind speed. Significant pairwise interactions were found among above three meteorological factors with higher risk of COVID-19 under low temperature and moderate precipitation. Warm areas can also be in higher risk of the disease with the increasing wind speed. In conclusion, transportation and meteorological factors may play important roles in the transmission of COVID-19 in mainland China, and could be integrated in consideration by public health alarm systems to better prevent the disease.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Conceitos Meteorológicos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Temperatura
18.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 53(9): e9633, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696818

RESUMO

Fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus (FT1DM) has received clinical attention for its low incidence and poor prognosis. Currently, few cases of FT1DM are associated with pregnancy in clinical practice, but it poses a great threat to the life of mothers and infants. Here, we present two cases of FT1DM in pregnancy. In Case 1, the patient was a 26-year-old woman who was admitted to the hospital with reduced fetal movement. She was diagnosed with FT1DM and delivered a dead female fetus. Lispro and lantus were administered to control blood glucose, and lipoic acid for antioxidant therapy. In Case 2, the patient was a 28-year-old woman who developed nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and polydipsia, which later proved to be FT1DM. An abortion was induced and blood glucose levels were controlled using an insulin pump. All physicians should be aware of this disease in order to provide prompt diagnosis and emergency treatment, thus improving maternal prognosis. We suggest that plasma glucose/hemoglobin A1C ratio be adopted as a new clinical parameter in predicting FT1DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Adulto , Glicemia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Gravidez , Ácido Tióctico
19.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(12): 1456-1461, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501831

RESUMO

Periodontitis is one of the most prevalent epidemics affecting human health and life recently, and exploration of the pathogenesis and treatment of periodontitis has been valued by scholars. In recent years, sclerostin, a new factor on bone resorption and reconstruction caused by inflammation and mechanical stimulation, has been a research hotspot. This article summarizes the researches on sclerostin in periodontitis development in recent years. Among them, sclerostin has been shown to be a critical negative regulator of bone formation, thereby inhibiting bone remodeling in periodontitis development, and is closely associated with tooth movement. Besides, evidence indicates that the removal of sclerostin seems to reasonably protect the alveolar bone from resorption. Regulation of sclerostin expression is a novel, promising treatment for periodontitis and addresses several complications seen with traditional therapies; accordingly, many drugs with similar mechanisms have emerged. Moreover, the application prospect of sclerostin in periodontal therapy combined with orthodontic treatment is another promising approach. There are also a lot of drugs that regulate sclerostin. Anti-sclerostin antibody (Scl-Ab) is the most direct one that inhibits bone resorption caused by sclerostin. At present, drugs that inhibit the expression of sclerostin have been applied to the treatment of diseases such as multiple myeloma and osteoporosis. Therefore, the application of sclerostin in the oral field is just around the corner, which provides a new therapeutic bone regulation strategy in oral and general health.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Periodontite , Humanos , Osteogênese , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
20.
J Org Chem ; 85(13): 8580-8587, 2020 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501005

RESUMO

Four pairs of stereoisomeric indole alkaloids, (±)-baphicacanthcusines A-D (1-4), and one new indole alkaloid, baphicacanthcusine E (5), together with nine known compounds were identified from the leaves of Baphicacanthus cusia. (±)-1 and -2 possess an unprecedented skeleton in which two indole moieties are bridged by a phenylpropane unit. (±)-3 represents the first natural dispiro-oxazolidinone bisoxindoles. The absolute configurations in 1-5 were assigned based on quantum chemical calculations, including the calculated chemical shift with DP4plus analysis, the calculated optical rotation values, and the calculated electronic circular dichroism spectra. A plausible biosynthetic pathway for 1-5 was proposed. Compounds (±)-1, (-)-2, and 11 exhibited cytotoxicity against MCF-7 cells with IC50 values of 20.0-78.5 µM.


Assuntos
Acanthaceae , Alcaloides , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Vias Biossintéticas , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta
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