Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.055
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 370: 131032, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500294

RESUMO

Both microbiological and chemical food spoilages remain to be the major challenges in the food industry's efforts to combat food waste and loss because of the lack of high efficacy food preservatives. In this study, dual-functional conjugates that simultaneously suppress both lipid oxidation and microorganism growth are fabricated by covalently conjugating natural antioxidant gentisic acid (GA) on native antibacterial lysozyme (Lys). The mixing ratio of Lys and GA determines the particle size, morphology, antioxidant activity, and antimicrobial performance of the ensuing conjugates. With more of GA being grafted, a drastic decrease in the net surface charge with the concomitant occurrence of aggregations are observed in the conjugates. The maximum antioxidant activity and antibacterial performance of the conjugates is achieved when Lys:GA molar ratio is 1:112. The findings could guide the rational design of future functional food ingredients that combine multiple natural bioactive compounds to effectively intervene food waste and loss.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes , Alimentos , Gentisatos , Muramidase
2.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(3): 618-624, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380902

RESUMO

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often have cognitive impairment and structural brain abnormalities. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based brain atrophy and lesion index can be used to evaluate common brain changes and their correlation with cognitive function, and can therefore also be used to reflect whole-brain structural changes related to T2DM. A total of 136 participants (64 men and 72 women, aged 55-86 years) were recruited for our study between January 2014 and December 2016. All participants underwent MRI and Mini-Mental State Examination assessment (including 42 healthy control, 38 T2DM without cognitive impairment, 26 with cognitive impairment but without T2DM, and 30 T2DM with cognitive impairment participants). The total and sub-category brain atrophy and lesion index scores in patients with T2DM with cognitive impairment were higher than those in healthy controls. Differences in the brain atrophy and lesion index of gray matter lesions and subcortical dilated perivascular spaces were found between non-T2DM patients with cognitive impairment and patients with T2DM and cognitive impairment. After adjusting for age, the brain atrophy and lesion index retained its capacity to identify patients with T2DM with cognitive impairment. These findings suggest that the brain atrophy and lesion index, based on T1-weighted and T2-weighted imaging, is of clinical value for identifying patients with T2DM and cognitive impairment. Gray matter lesions and subcortical dilated perivascular spaces may be potential diagnostic markers of T2DM that is complicated by cognitive impairment. This study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of University of South China (approval No. USC20131109003) on November 9, 2013, and was retrospectively registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration No. ChiCTR1900024150) on June 27, 2019.

3.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(6): 1299-1309, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782575

RESUMO

During acute reperfusion, the expression profiles of long noncoding RNAs in adult rats with focal cerebral ischemia undergo broad changes. However, whether long noncoding RNAs are involved in neuroprotective effects following focal ischemic stroke in rats remains unclear. In this study, RNA isolation and library preparation was performed for long noncoding RNA sequencing, followed by determining the coding potential of identified long noncoding RNAs and target gene prediction. Differential expression analysis, long noncoding RNA functional enrichment analysis, and co-expression network analysis were performed comparing ischemic rats with and without ischemic postconditioning rats. Rats were subjected to ischemic postconditioning via the brief and repeated occlusion of the middle cerebral artery or femoral artery. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression levels of differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs after ischemic postconditioning in a rat model of ischemic stroke. The results showed that ischemic postconditioning greatly affected the expression profile of long noncoding RNAs and mRNAs in the brains of rats that underwent ischemic stroke. The predicted target genes of some of the identified long noncoding RNAs (cis targets) were related to the cellular response to ischemia and stress, cytokine signal transduction, inflammation, and apoptosis signal transduction pathways. In addition, 15 significantly differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs were identified in the brains of rats subjected to ischemic postconditioning. Nine candidate long noncoding RNAs that may be related to ischemic postconditioning were identified by a long noncoding RNA expression profile and long noncoding RNA-mRNA co-expression network analysis. Expression levels were verified by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. These results suggested that the identified long noncoding RNAs may be involved in the neuroprotective effects associated with ischemic postconditioning following ischemic stroke. The experimental animal procedures were approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Kunming Medical University (approval No. KMMU2018018) in January 2018.

4.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131865, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399262

RESUMO

The complexity of natural water made it difficult to remove fluoride. Based on the environmental problems found in the investigation, the fluoride removal research in the water containing algal cells was carried out. In this study, AlCl3 and [AlO4Al12(OH)24(H2O)12]7+ (Al13) were used to remove fluoride. Additionally, the role of aluminum speciation in fluoride removal and the effect of Microcystis aeruginosa on the fluoride removal by different aluminum species coagulants were elucidated. The results showed that AlCl3 mainly removed fluoride by physical interactions, surface adsorption and enmeshment. When algal cells were added to the system, the fluoride removal rate increased from 22.75 % to 72.99 % at a dosage of 40.0 mg/L. This was because algal cells greatly increased the distribution of Al(OH)3 in the flocs. In particular, the specific surface area of the flocs containing algal cells reached 160.77 m2/g, which allowed more fluoride to be adsorbed. However, excessive Al3+ led to serious damage to algal cells and release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), worsening the effect of defluoridation. F- and Al3+ formed AlF2+ and AlF2+ via complexation in water. These compounds were not conducive to defluoridation. Al13 removed fluorine mainly through ion exchange, substitution and hydrogen bonding. Algal cells had an inhibitory effect on defluorination, which was observed in the process of coagulation by different Al dosages. Al13 achieved agglomeration of algal cells and generated small and dense flocs through charge neutralization and electrostatic patch mechanism. Once Al13 combined with algal cells and algae organic matter (AOM), the reaction between Al13 and fluoride would be weakened. Al13 not only maintained the defluoridation performance, but also did not damage the integrity of algal cells, even at high dosages.


Assuntos
Microcystis , Purificação da Água , Alumínio , Hidróxido de Alumínio , Floculação , Polímeros
5.
Pharmacol Rep ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metformin is the most widely used drug for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), which frequently co-occurs with depressive disorders. Thus, patients with depression are likely to receive metformin. Metformin activates AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), which inhibits mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling. mTORC1 activation is essential for the antidepressant effects of ketamine and scopolamine. Thus, we hypothesized that metformin may attenuate ketamine- or scopolamine-induced antidepressant efficacies by blocking their mTORC1 activation. METHODS: We assessed the acute and sustained antidepressant-like actions of ketamine and scopolamine in male Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to the forced swim test with or without metformin pretreatment. The expressions of AMPK, mTORC1, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in their prefrontal cortex were assessed. RESULTS: Metformin (50 mg/kg) attenuated the sustained, but not acute, antidepressant-like effects of ketamine (10 mg/kg) and scopolamine (25 µg/kg). Although metformin reduced mTORC1 downstream activated P70S6K, it did not significantly alter mTORser2448 activation and even increased BDNF expression. Notably, ketamine, scopolamine, and metformin all exerted significant antidepressant-like actions, as evidenced by increased AMPK phosphorylation and BDNF expression. CONCLUSIONS: Metformin-induced attenuation of sustained antidepressant-like effects are not directly dependent on AMPK-deactivated mTORC1. Our results indicate the complexity of interactions between AMPK, BDNF, and mTORC1. Further research, including mechanistic studies, is warranted to comprehensively evaluate the application of metformin in patients receiving mTORC1-based antidepressants.

6.
Cancer Med ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The BRAFV600E mutation is valuable for the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). However, studies related to this mutation have involved only a small number of patients. Therefore, we performed a large-scale analysis from a single institute to evaluate the accuracy of combined fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and BRAFV600E mutation tests for PTC diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 4600 patients with thyroid nodules who underwent both FNA cytology and BRAFV600E mutation analysis on FNA specimens were enrolled. The association between the BRAFV600E mutation and clinicopathological features was analyzed. A separate analysis was performed for the 311 patients who underwent repeated FNA for comparison of cytological evaluation and BRAFV600E mutation results. The diagnostic efficacy of the BRAFV600E mutation test and cytologic diagnoses was evaluated for 516 patients who underwent preoperative FNA tests in comparison with conclusive postoperative histopathologic results. RESULTS: The cytology results of all 4600 FNA samples were categorized according to The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytology (TBSRTC) stages I-VI, which accounted for 11.76%, 60.02%, 6.46%, 3.61%, 6.71%, and 11.43% of the samples, respectively. The BRAFV600E mutation was detected in 762 (16.57%) FNA samples, with rates of 1.48%, 0.87%, 20.20%, 3.01%, 66.02%, and 87.81% for TBSRTC I-VI lesions, respectively. Among the 311 repeat FNA cases, 81.0% of the BRAFV600E -positive and 4.3% of the BRAFV600E -negative specimens with an initial indication of cytological non-malignancy were ultimately diagnosed as malignant by repeat FNA (p < 0.001). Among the 516 patients who underwent thyroidectomy, the sensitivity and specificity of the BRAFV600E mutation test alone for PTC diagnosis were 76.71% and 100.0%, respectively, which increased to 96.62% and 88.03%, respectively, when combining the BRAFV600E mutation test with cytology. BRAFV600E mutation was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (p < 0.001), but not with age, gender, or tumor size. CONCLUSIONS: The BRAFV600E mutation test in FNA samples has potential to reduce false negatives in PTC diagnosis, and therefore plays an important role in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules, especially those with an indeterminate or nondiagnostic cytology, which should be considered for repeat FNA.

7.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 1533-1539, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726570

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Astragalus polysaccharin (APS), an extract of Astragalus propinquus Schischk, exerts antitumor effects in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the mechanism of action of APS in HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) were treated with APS (0, 8, 16 mg/mL) for 24 h. APS (16 mg/mL)-treated TAMs were co-cultured with MHCC97H/Huh7 cells for 24 h. Finally, BALB/c nude mice were divided into PBS, APS (50 mg/kg), APS (100 mg/kg), APS (200 mg/kg) groups: mice were inoculated with Huh7 cells to construct tumour xenograft model, followed by administration of APS (50, 100, 200 mg/kg) or PBS daily for 30 days. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion, tumour growth, macrophage markers and proportions were measured. RESULTS: APS 16 mg/mL treatment enhanced the expression of M1 macrophage markers (iNOS, IL-1ß and TNF-α) and M1 macrophage proportions, while reducing the expression of M2 macrophage markers (IL-10, Arg-1) and M2 macrophage proportions in TAMs. Moreover, the APS-mediated M1 phenotype of TAMs significantly repressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion of MHCC97H and Huh7 cells. Moreover, APS (50, 100, 200 mg/kg) enhanced M1 macrophage proportions and reduced M2 macrophage proportions in the tumour tissues, and thus inhibited tumour growth of HCC. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: APS inhibits HCC-like phenotypes in a murine HCC model through repression of M2 polarization of TAMs. This work provides a novel theoretical basis for the application of APS in the clinical treatment of HCC.

9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 769163, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737967

RESUMO

Objective: To explore metabolic biomarkers related to erosive and reticulated oral lichen planus (OLP) by non-targeted metabolomics methods and correlate metabolites with gene expression, and to investigate the pathological network pathways of OLP from the perspective of metabolism. Methods: A total of 153 individuals were enrolled in this study, including 50 patients with erosive oral lichen planus (EOLP), 51 patients with reticulated oral lichen planus (ROLP), and 52 healthy controls (HC). The ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-Orbitrap high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry (UHPLC/Q-Orbitrap HRMS) was used to analyze the metabolites of 40 EOLP, 40 ROLP, and 40 HC samples, and the differential metabolic biomarkers were screened and identified. The regulatory genes were further screened through the shared metabolites between EOLP and ROLP, and cross-correlated with the OLP-related differential genes in the network database. A "gene-metabolite" network was constructed after finding the key differential genes. Finally, the diagnostic efficiency of the biomarkers was verified in the validation set and a diagnostic model was constructed. Result: Compared with HC group, a total of 19 and 25 differential metabolites were identified in the EOLP group and the ROLP group, respectively. A total of 14 different metabolites were identified between EOLP and ROLP. Two diagnostic models were constructed based on these differential metabolites. There are 14 differential metabolites shared by EOLP and ROLP. The transcriptomics data showed 756 differentially expressed genes, and the final crossover network showed that 19 differential genes were associated with 12 metabolites. Enrichment analysis showed that alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism were closely associated with the pathogenesis of OLP. Conclusion: The metabolic change of different types of OLP were clarified. The potential gene perturbation of OLP was provided. This study provided a strong support for further exploration of the pathogenic mechanism of OLP.

10.
Curr Biol ; 31(21): R1420-R1421, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752764

RESUMO

The Cambrian 'explosion', about 530 million years ago, marks a rapid diversification of the major animal lineages1. A concomitant increase in the complexity of ecosystems is believed to have accelerated this evolutionary radiation2, but direct evidence of the ecological modes of Cambrian taxa is nevertheless scarce - even in exceptional Burgess Shale-type deposits3. Here, we present new fossil material from the Cambrian (Stage 4) Guanshan biota in southern China that reveals the consistent occurrence of the priapulan worm ?Eximipriapulus4 within the conical shells of hyoliths. This represents the first direct evidence of a 'hermiting' life strategy - the adoption of a different organism's exoskeleton - in the priapulans and within the Palaeozoic era. It highlights the intense degree of convergent evolution during the Cambrian radiation. Hermiting behaviour has previously been linked with the escalation of predation pressure during the Mesozoic marine revolution5; such intensity of predation may also have characterised early Cambrian oceans.

11.
Ann Hematol ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766217

RESUMO

Polatuzumab vedotin (PoV) has recently shown promising activity when combined with rituximab-bendamustine (BR) in patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, few studies have described the prognostic factors predicting response. Here, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of PoV-based chemotherapy, including regimens other than BR, as third-line or beyond treatment for patients with R/R DLBCL and to explore prognostic factors. Overall, 40 patients, including 37 with de novo and 3 with transformed DLBCL, were enrolled. The overall response rate was 52.5%, and 25% and 27.5% of patients showed a complete response and partial response, respectively. With a median follow-up of 18.8 months, the median overall survival (OS) of the total cohort was 8.5 months, and that of those receiving subsequent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was 24 months. Low/intermediate risk according to the revised International Prognostic Index score at diagnosis and before PoV treatment predicted better OS. Furthermore, a normal lactate dehydrogenase level and an absolute lymphocyte count/absolute monocyte count ratio > 1.5 were favorable OS prognostic factors. The most common adverse event was cytopenia, with 42.5% of patients developing febrile neutropenia. Grade 1-3 peripheral neuropathy associated with PoV was reported in 25% of patients and resolved in most patients after the cessation of treatment. In summary, we demonstrated that PoV combined with either BR or other intensive chemotherapy is an effective and well-tolerated salvage option for patients with R/R DLBCL. Subsequent HSCT has the potential to further improve survival outcomes in this high-risk population. Clinicaltrials.gov number: NCT05006534.

12.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 435, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is rare reports about opinions and clinical practice of functional movement disorders (FMD) in China. The present survey aimed to investigate the views of FMD in Chinese clinicians. METHODS: The Chinese version survey of FMD were conducted in nationwide practitioners by means of an online questionnaire. RESULTS: Four hundred and thirty-four Chinese clinicians completed a 21-item questionnaire probing diagnostic and management issues in FMD. More than 80% of respondents considered that atypical movement disorder, multiple somatizations, and emotional disturbance were essential or absolutely necessary for clinically definite diagnosis of FMD. About three quarters of respondents requested standard neurological investigations to rule out organic causes. Over half believed that prior diagnosis of an organic disorder (59.9%), lack of associated non-physiologic deficits (51.8%), and evidence of physical injury (50.0%) were 'very influential' or 'extremely influential' for a non-FMD diagnosis. The majority (77.4%) of the respondents may refer patients to a neuropsychiatrist or psychiatrist experienced in FMD, followed by psychologist or psychotherapist experienced in FMD (53.2%). However, lack of guidelines, physician knowledge, and training often limited clinicians' ability in managing patients with FMD. Early diagnosis of FMD, identification and management of concurrent psychiatric disorder, and acceptance of the diagnosis by the patient were considered most important for predicting a favorable prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Opinions and clinical practice of Chinese practitioners not only varied among Chinese neurologists, but also differed from international peers. Combined efforts are needed to promote related research and establish practice guidelines in China in the future.


Assuntos
Transtornos dos Movimentos , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Transtornos dos Movimentos/diagnóstico , Transtornos dos Movimentos/terapia , Exame Neurológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Appl Intell (Dordr) ; : 1-17, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764624

RESUMO

The recently proposed L2-norm linear discriminant analysis criterion based on Bhattacharyya error bound estimation (L2BLDA) was an effective improvement over linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and was used to handle vector input samples. When faced with two-dimensional (2D) inputs, such as images, converting two-dimensional data to vectors, regardless of the inherent structure of the image, may result in some loss of useful information. In this paper, we propose a novel two-dimensional Bhattacharyya bound linear discriminant analysis (2DBLDA). 2DBLDA maximizes the matrix-based between-class distance, which is measured by the weighted pairwise distances of class means and minimizes the matrix-based within-class distance. The criterion of 2DBLDA is equivalent to optimizing the upper bound of the Bhattacharyya error. The weighting constant between the between-class and within-class terms is determined by the involved data that make the proposed 2DBLDA adaptive. The construction of 2DBLDA avoids the small sample size (SSS) problem, is robust, and can be solved through a simple standard eigenvalue decomposition problem. The experimental results on image recognition and face image reconstruction demonstrate the effectiveness of 2DBLDA.

15.
Eng Life Sci ; 21(11): 724-738, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764825

RESUMO

The production of plant terpenoids through biotransformation has undoubtedly become one of the research hotspots, and the continuous upgrading of the corresponding downstream technology is also particularly important. Downstream technology is the indispensable technical channel for the industrialization of plant terpenoids. How to efficiently separate high-purity products from complex microbial fermentation broths or enzyme-catalyzed reactions to achieve high separation rates, high returns and environmental friendliness has become the focus of research in recent years. This review mainly introduces the common separation methods of plant terpenoids based on biotransformation from the perspectives of engineering strain construction, unit separation technology, product properties and added value. Then, further attention was paid to the application prospects of intelligent cell factories and control in the separation of plant terpenoids. Finally, some current challenges and prospects are proposed, which provide possible directions and guidance for the separation and purification of terpenoids and even industrialization.

17.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761859

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of brain injury caused by carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is very complex, and there is no exact and reliable treatment in clinic. In the present study, we screened the therapeutic target and related signal pathway of Salvia Miltiorrhiza for acute COP brain injury, and clarified the pharmacological mechanism of multicomponent, multitarget, and multisignal pathway in Salvia Miltiorrhiza by network pharmacology. To further verify the therapeutic effect of Salvia Miltiorrhiza on acute brain injury based on the results of network analysis, a total of 216 male healthy Sprague Dawley rats were collected in the present study and randomly assigned to a normal control group, a COP group and a Tanshinone IIA sulfonate treatment group (72 rats in each group). The rat model of acute severe COP was established by the secondary inhalation in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber. We found that Salvia Miltiorrhiza had multiple active components, and played a role in treating acute brain injury induced by COP through multiple targets and multiple pathways, among them, MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway was one of the most important. COP can start apoptosis process, activate the MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway, and promote the expression of VEGF-A protein and the formation of brain edema. Tanshinone IIA can effectively inhibit apoptosis, up-regulate the expressions of VEGF-A, P-MEK1/2 and P-ERK1/2 proteins, thereby protect endothelial cells, promote angiogenesis and microcirculation, and finally alleviate brain edema.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 5027-5037, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738398

RESUMO

To obtain the chemical profile of Tibetan medicinal plant ″Bangga″, the present study established the HPLC fingerprint of ″Bangga″ and inferred common chemical constituents of its two original plants, Aconitum tanguticum and A. naviculare by LC-MS. The HPLC analysis was performed on a Kromasil 100 C_8 column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 µm) with acetonitrile(A)-0.1% formic acid in water(B) as mobile phase in a gradient elution mode. Besides, the flow rate was set at 1 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 255 nm and the injection volume was 10 µL. Seventeen batches of ″Bangga″ samples were analyzed and the HPLC fingerprint was established under the above conditions. Similarity evaluation was performed using Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012). As a result, 16 common peaks were selec-ted and the similarity values of 17 batches of ″Bangga″ were in the range of 0.702-0.966. Furthermore, one batch of A. tanguticum and one batch of A. naviculare were analyzed by LC-MS/MS and 74 common compounds were inferred, including 10 phenolic acids, 26 flavonoids, and 38 alkaloids. The established method, with good separation and strong specificity, is simple and feasible, and can be used for the quality control of ″Bangga″ and identification of its two original plants. A. tanguticum and A. naviculare are similar in chemical composition and component content, but are quite different in the content of flavonoids.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tibet
19.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 84(11): 1054-1059, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most reproductive system studies suggest the protective effects of vitamin D, but vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are growing global health issues. The present study investigates the association between vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency and gynecologic diseases to identify illness risks at different serum vitamin D levels in Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 7699 female adults aged ≥20 years with results for both serum vitamin D and gynecologic-associated diseases were drawn from the Taiwan MJ cohort. We analyzed the correlation between serum vitamin D levels and results from reproductive system evaluations, including history of dysmenorrhea, results of Pap smear, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection of the cervix, mammography, and ultrasound of breast and pelvis. RESULTS: Over 80% of participants showed vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency. Participants with abnormal Pap smear results, high-risk HPV infection, and history of dysmenorrhea showed significantly lower levels of serum vitamin D (p < 0.001-0.05). Serum vitamin D deficiency was significantly associated with positive high-risk HPV infection of the cervix (p < 0.05) and dysmenorrhea (p < 0.001). After controlling for age as a confounding variable for each gynecologic disease, level of serum vitamin D was significantly associated with abnormal breast ultrasound (odds ratio = 0.724) and uterus ultrasound (odds ratio = 0.673 - 0.8), and dysmenorrhea (odds ratio = 0.829). CONCLUSION: Associations were found between vitamin D deficiency and endometriosis, uterine myoma, dysmenorrhea, abnormal Pap smear results, and high-risk HPV infection of the cervix. Therefore, vitamin D supplements may present a cost-effective benefit for the prevention and treatment of gynecologic diseases, and thus reduction of healthcare expenditures.

20.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 1042, 2021 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725332

RESUMO

Advanced breast cancer (BC), especially basal like triple-negative BC (TNBC), is a highly malignant tumor without viable treatment option, highlighting the urgent need to seek novel therapeutic targets. Arylsulfatase D (ARSD), localized at Xp22.3, is a female-biased gene due to its escaping from X chromosome inactivation (XCI). Unfortunately, no systematic investigation of ARSD on BC has been reported. In this study, we observed that ARSD expression was positively related to ERα status either in BC cells or tissue specimens, which were associated with good prognosis. Furthermore, we found a set of hormone-responsive lineage-specific transcription factors, FOXA1, GATA3, ERα, directly drove high expression of ARSD through chromatin looping in luminal subtype BC cells. Opposingly, ARSD still subjected to XCI in TNBC cells mediated by Xist, CpG islands methylation, and inhibitory histone modification. Unexpectedly, we also found that ectopic ARSD overexpression could inhibit proliferation and migration of TNBC cells by activating Hippo/YAP pathway, indicating that ARSD may be a molecule brake on ERα signaling pathway, which restricted ERα to be an uncontrolled active status. Combined with other peoples' researches that Hippo signaling maintained ER expression and ER + BC growth, we believed that there should exist a regulative feedback loop formation among ERα, ARSD, and Hippo/YAP pathway. Collectively, our findings will help filling the knowledge gap about the influence of ARSD on BC and providing evidence that ARSD may serve as a potential marker to predict prognosis and as a therapeutic target.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...