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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976497

RESUMO

By changing the stoichiometric ratios, the one-pot reaction of the glycinehydroxamic acid (H2glyha) ligand with copper(ii) and lanthanide(iii) salts in the presence of diamagnetic [Na2{Fe(CN)5(NO)}] led to two series of isostructural complexes, which can be designated as heterotrimetallic dimeric clusters [{LnCu5(glyha)5}{Fe(CN)5(NO)}(H2O)4]2·xNO3·yH2O (x = 2, y = 11 for La (1), x = 2, y = 11 for Pr (2), and x = 2, y = 11 for Nd (3)) and heterotetrametallic coordination polymers [Na{LnCu5(glyha)5}{Fe(CN)5(NO)}2(H2O)x·yH2O]n (x = 6, y = 4 for Sm (4), x = 6, y = 0 for Gd (5), x = 6, y = 4 for Tb (6), x = 5, y = 5 Dy (7), and x = 6, y = 4 for Ho (8)). Each molecular structure contains LnIII[15-metallacrown-5] nodes and diamagnetic [Fe(CN)5(NO)]2- linkers. The resulting products demonstrate diversified structural frameworks due to the radius effect of LnIII ions and different bridging fashions of diamagnetic [Fe(CN)5(NO)]2- linkers. An analysis of magnetic susceptibilities reveals that 7 exhibits ferromagnetic coupling between CuII and DyIII ions and field-induced SMM behavior.

2.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 11): 1475-1481, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686657

RESUMO

A new cyanide-bridged FeIII-MnII heterobimetallic coordination polymer (CP), namely catena-poly[[[N,N'-(1,2-phenylene)bis(pyridine-2-carboxamidato)-κ4N,N',N'',N''']iron(III)]-µ-cyanido-κ2C:N-[bis(4,4'-bipyridine-κN)bis(methanol-κO)manganese(II)]-µ-cyanido-κ2N:C], {[FeMn(C18H12N4O2)(CN)2(C10H8N2)2(CH3OH)2]ClO4}n, (1), was prepared by the self-assembly of the trans-dicyanidoiron(III)-containing building block [Fe(bpb)(CN)2]- [bpb2- = N,N'-(1,2-phenylene)bis(pyridine-2-carboxamidate)], [Mn(ClO4)2]·6H2O and 4,4'-bipyridine, and was structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray crystallography and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis shows that CP 1 possesses a cationic linear chain structure consisting of alternating cyanide-bridged Fe-Mn units, with free perchlorate as the charge-balancing anion, which can be further extended into a two-dimensional supramolecular sheet structure via inter-chain π-π interactions between the 4,4'-bipyridine ligands. Within the chain, each MnII ion is six-coordinated by an N6 unit and is involved in a slightly distorted octahedral coordination geometry. Investigation of the magnetic properties of 1 reveals an antiferromagnetic coupling between the cyanide-bridged FeIII and MnII ions. A best fit of the magnetic susceptibility based on the one-dimensional alternating chain model leads to the magnetic coupling constants J1 = -1.35 and J2 = -1.05 cm-1, and the antiferromagnetic coupling was further confirmed by spin Hamiltonian-based density functional theoretical (DFT) calculations.

3.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(10)2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569813

RESUMO

Four cyanide-bridged FeIII-MnIII complexes {[Fe(qxcq)(CN)3][Mn(L1)(H2O)]}[Mn(L1)(H2O)(CH3OH)](ClO4)·1.5MeOH·0.5H2O (L1 = N,N'-bis(3-methoxy-5-bromosalicylideneiminate) (2), {[Fe(qxcq)(CN)3][Mn(L2)]}2·0.5H2O (L2 = N,N'-ethylene-bis(3-ethoxysalicylideneiminate)) (3), [Fe(qxcq)(CN)3][Mn(L3)] (L3 = bis(acetylacetonato)ethylenediimine) (4), [Fe(qxcq)(CN)3][Mn(L4)]·1.5MeOH·0.5CH3CN·0.25H2O (L4 = N,N'-(1,1,2,2-tetramethylethylene)bis(salicylideneiminate)) (5), were prepared by assembling a new structurally characterized mer-tricyanoiron(III) molecular precursor (Ph4P)[Fe(qxcq)(CN)3]·0.5H2O (qxcq- = 8-(2-quinoxaline-2-carboxamido)quinoline anion) (1) and the corresponding manganese(III) Schiff base compound. Complexes 2and 3containa cyanide-bridged heterobimetallic dinuclear entity, which can be further dimerized by self-complementary H-bond interactions through the coordinated water molecule from one complex and the free O4unit from the adjacent complex. Complexes 4 and 5 area one-dimensional coordination polymer (CP) comprised of the repeated [Mn(Schiffbase)-Fe(qxcq)(CN)3] units. Complex 4 shows a linear-chain conformation with two trans-located cyano groups bridgingthe neighboring Mn units, while complex 5 is a zigzag-like 1D CP, where the two cyano groups in cis configurationfunction as bridges. In bothcomplexes 4 and 5, the inter-chain π-πstack interactions within the aromaticrings of cyanide precursor extend the 1D chain into the supermolecular 2D networks. The magnetic property has been experimentally studied and theoretically fitted over the four Fe(III)-Mn(III) complexes, revealing the antiferromagnetic interaction in complexes 2 and 4 and the unusual ferromagnetic coupling in complexes 3 and 5 between the Fe(III) ion and the Mn(III) ion bridged by the cyano group. Furthermore, the different magnetic coupling nature has been analyzed on the basis of the magneto-structure correlation of the mer-tricyanometallate-based Fe(III)-Mn(III) magnetic system.

4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(20): 126670, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500997

RESUMO

A new aminonaphthalimide platinum(IV) complex was developed by incorporating aminonaphthalimide, a DNA intercalator, into the platinum(IV) system. This complex displayed potent antitumor activities against all tested tumor cell lines in vitro and showed great potential in overcoming drug resistance of cisplatin. Moreover, it remarkably inhibited the growth of CT26 xenografts in BALB/c mice without severe side effects in vivo. Then, the compound exhibited a dual DNA damage antitumor mechanism that it could interact with DNA in tetravalent form via the naphthalimide group to cause DNA lesion, and the further liberation of platinum(II) complex after reduction would induce remarkable secondary damage to DNA. Meanwhile, it caused cell apoptosis through an intrinsic apoptosis pathway by up-regulating the expression of caspase 3 and caspase 9.

5.
BMJ Open ; 9(8): e030713, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455714

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Refractory gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (rGORD) is a common disease, affecting patients' quality of life. Since conventional medicines have limitations, like low effective rates and adverse events, acupuncture may be a promising therapy for rGORD. While no related systematic review has been published, the present study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for rGORD. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Chinese electronic databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang database, VIP, SinoMed and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, will be searched from establishment of the database to 31 August 2019. There will be no limitations on language, and all articles will be screened and collected by two reviewers independently. RevMan V.5.3.5 software will be used for meta-analysis, and the conduction of study will refer to the Cochrane Handbook for Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocol guidelines. The efficacy and safety of acupuncture for rGORD will be evaluated based on outcomes, including global symptom improvement, oesophageal sphincter function test measured by high-resolution manometry, quality of life, recurrence rate and adverse events. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: There is no necessity for this study to acquire an ethical approval, and this review will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal or conference presentation. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018111912.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 48(36): 13541-13545, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469147

RESUMO

Simultaneously involving abundant [NH2(CH3)2]+ cations and uncoordinated carboxylate oxygen atoms as dual active sites, two microporous CoII-MOFs (LCU-105 and LCU-106, LCU = Liaocheng University) both exhibit highly selective adsorption of CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2. GCMC theoretical simulations provide good verification of the experimental results.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(32): 17571-17577, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369013

RESUMO

The thermolysis routes of two isostructural metal-organic framework compounds (Zn-based ZIF-8 and Co-based ZIF-67) are investigated based on temperature-dependent and time-dependent in situ Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and in situ X-ray diffraction data, as well as thermogravimetric-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) analyses and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. These data highlight thermolysis effects on different vibrations and dissociations within specific atomic moieties. The coordination differences between Zn-N and Co-N lead to the distinct thermolysis routes of ZIF-8 and ZIF-67. ZIF-8 is easily deformed during heating while decomposes at a higher temperature due to the saturated Zn-N coordination. ZIF-67, however, does not deform during heating due to the stronger Co-N bonds, but easily reacts with oxygen due to the unsaturated Co-N bonds. Our results demonstrate that in situ FTIR paired with in situ XRD is a powerful technique for MOF thermolysis investigation, and we suggest that the thermolysis mechanisms of MOFs may be unveiled by investigating a series of MOFs having different coordination types using in situ characterisation methods.

8.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 27(10): 2112-2121, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981607

RESUMO

A series of bi-functional 7-hydroxycoumarin platinum(IV) complexes were synthesized, characterized, and evaluated for antitumor activities. The 7-hydroxycoumarin platinum(IV) complexes display moderate to effective antitumor activities toward the tested cell lines and show much potential in overcoming drug resistance of platinum(II) drugs. In reducing microenvironment, the title compounds could be reduced to platinum(II) complex accompanied with two equivalents of coumarin units. By a unique mechanism, the 7-hydroxycoumarin platinum(IV) complex attacks DNA via the released platinum(II) compound, meanwhile it also inhibits the activities of cyclooxygenase by coumarin fragment. This action mechanism might be of much benefit for reducing tumor-related inflammation in the progress of inhibiting tumor proliferation and overcoming cisplatin resistance. The incorporation of 7-hydroxycoumarin leads to significantly enhanced platinum accumulation in both whole tumor cells and DNA. The HSA interaction investigation reveals that the tested coumarin platinum(IV) compound could effectively combine with HSA via van der Waals force and hydrogen bond.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 48(16): 5144-5148, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30919864

RESUMO

A microporous metal-organic framework functionalized with in situ generated NHC-CuCl units (1) has been successfully synthesized from a novel imidazolium-containing ligand. In particular, the MOF 1 can catalyze ß-boration of α,ß-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, while the isoreticular version of 1 (1-im) modified with only imidazolium moiety cannot. This work demonstrates for the first time the heterogeneous catalysis of NHC-Cu(i)Cl within a MOF solid.

10.
J Inorg Biochem ; 194: 34-43, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826588

RESUMO

A series of new 4-hydroxycoumarin platinum(IV) complexes were designed, synthesized and evaluated as antitumor agents. All the title compounds display moderate to effective antitumor activities toward the tested cell lines and two prominent compounds were screened out with activities comparable to cisplatin and oxaliplatin. The mechanism investigation demonstrates that the platinum(IV) compounds could be reduced to bivalence and exert significant genotoxicity to tumor cells. Meanwhile the coumarin moiety endows the title compounds with cyclooxygenase inhibitory competence which might favour the reduction of tumor-related inflammation and further influence tumor proliferation. The coumarin platinum(IV) complex could effectively induce apoptosis of SKOV-3 cells through up-regulating the expression of caspase3 and caspase9. Furthermore, the conversion of platinum(II) drugs to platinum(IV) form via the conjunction with 4-hydroxycoumarin enhances the drug uptake in whole cells and DNA simultaneously. Moreover, the 4-hydroxycoumarin platinum(IV) complex could combine with human serum albumin via van der Waals force and hydrogen bond, which would influence their transport and bioactivities in vivo.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(8): 7914-7926, 2019 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720269

RESUMO

Two series of lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs) from two structurally related flexible carboxylate-based ligands were solvothermally synthesized. H3L2 with additional -CH2- group provides more flexibility and different coordination modes and conformations compared with H3L1. As a result, 2-Ln MOFs are modulated from two-dimensional kgd of 1-Ln to three-dimensional rtl topological frameworks and further achieve enhanced chemical stability. The Eu- and Tb-MOFs exhibit strong fluorescent emission at the solid state because of the antenna effect of the ligands. Interestingly, the emissions can be tuned by simply doping Eu3+ and Tb3+ of different concentrations within the Eu xTb1- x MOFs. Notably, 2-Ln MOFs realize nearly white light emission by means of a trichromatic approach (red of Eu(III), green of Tb(III), and blue of the H3L2 ligand). Furthermore, 2-Ln MOFs also exhibit water stability and demonstrate high selective and sensitive sensing activities toward Fe(III) and Cr(VI) in aqueous solutions. The results further highlight the importance of the ligand flexibility on tuning MOF structures with improved structural stability and ion-sensing properties.

12.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 2): 221-230, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720462

RESUMO

A series of two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers (CPs), namely poly[[bis(µ-acetato)diaqua(µ6-biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylato)bis(N,N-dimethylacetamide)digadolinium(III)] N,N-dimethylacetamide monosolvate], {[Gd2(C16H6O8)(C2H3O2)2(C4H9NO)2(H2O)2]·C4H9NO}n (CP1), poly[[bis(µ-acetato)diaqua(µ6-biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylato)bis(N,N-dimethylacetamide)didysprosium(III)] N,N-dimethylacetamide monosolvate], {[Dy2(C16H6O8)(C2H3O2)2(C4H9NO)2(H2O)2]·C4H9NO}n (CP2), poly[bis(µ-acetato)diaqua(µ6-biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylato)bis(N,N-dimethylacetamide)dineodymium(III)], [Nd2(C16H6O8)(C2H3O2)2(C4H9NO)2(H2O)2]n (CP3), poly[bis(µ-acetato)diaqua(µ6-biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylato)bis(N,N-dimethylacetamide)disamarium(III)], [Sm2(C16H6O8)(C2H3O2)2(C4H9NO)2(H2O)2]n (CP4), has been synthesized from rigid biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid under solvothermal conditions. Their structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, elemental analyses, IR spectra, powder X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analyses, and CP1-CP4 crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/n. CP1-CP4 are isomorphous and feature similar 2D double layers, which are further extended via interlayer hydrogen-bonding interactions into a three-dimensional (3D) supramolecular structure. Hydrogen-bonding interactions between N,N-dimethylacetamide molecules and carboxylate O atoms strengthen the packing of the layers. The organic ligands interconnect with metal ions to generate 2D layered structures with a (4,4)-connected net having {44.62} topology. CP1 has been investigated for its magnetic properties and magnetic susceptibility measurements were carried out in the range 2.0-300 K. The results of the magnetic measurements show weak antiferromagnetic coupling between the GdIII ions in CP1. Moreover, the strong luminescence of CP2 and CP4 can be selectively quenched by the Fe3+ ion and toxic solvents (e.g. acetone).

13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 536: 694-700, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408689

RESUMO

Spontaneous solar-driven water splitting to generate H2 with no pollution discharge is an ideal H2 generation approach. However, its efficiency remains far from real application owing to the poor light-harvesting and ultrafast charge recombination of photocatalysts. To address these issues, herein, we employed a novel but simple chemical bath deposition (CBD) method to construct CdS/SrTiO3 nanodots-on-nanocubes at room temperature (ca. 25 °C). The as-synthesized nanohybrids not only expand light absorption from ultraviolet (UV) to visible light but also significantly retard charge recombination owing to the well-defined heterostructure formation. As a result, the CdS/SrTiO3 exhibits high photocatalytic performance with H2 evolution rate of 1322 µmol g-1 h-1, which is 2.8 and 12.2 times higher than that of pristine CdS and SrTiO3, respectively. This work provides a universal approach for the heterostructure construction, and inspired by this, higher efficient photocatalysts for H2 evolution may be developed in the near future.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(85): 12105-12108, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30302448

RESUMO

The double chloride-bridged dimer of a dinuclear dysprosium(iii) single-molecule magnet (SMM) was successfully isolated by assembling centrosymmetric dinuclear Dy2 SMMs. Such structural transformation involves the generation and cleavage of chloride bridges and leads to consecutive transformations of one- and two-step slow relaxation of magnetization.

15.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 124: 127-136, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153524

RESUMO

Naphthalimide platinum(IV) antitumor complexes with potential dual DNA damage mechanism were designed, synthesized and evaluated for antitumor activities. The incorporation of DNA targeted naphthalimide group to the platinum(IV) system exerts much positive impacts on their antitumor efficacy. The mechanism research reveals that the title compounds could interact with dsDNA in platinum(IV) form via the naphthalimide group and cause DNA lesion. The further reduction would release platinum(II) complexes and naphthalimide acids which would induce remarkable secondary damage to DNA. Furthermore, the naphthalimide platinum(IV) compounds could combine with human serum albumin via electrostatic force, which are favourable for their storage and transport in blood. Moreover, the title compounds exhibit higher accumulation in tumor cells, and exert lower toxic and higher safe properties than oxaliplatin in vivo.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Naftalimidas/farmacologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dano ao DNA , Humanos
16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 81: 368-373, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30031065

RESUMO

The antimicrobial peptide (AMP) Pc-pis, a member of Piscidin family from fish with cationic amphipathic structure, has potent, broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against bacteria, fungi and parasite, and lower hemolytic activity. Here, we reported that Pc-pis had antitumor activity. Pc-pis killed tumor cells including HeLa cells. Previously, it is reported that AMPs bind to the membrane of bacteria to generate the pores to lyse the target cells, and similarly, the cancer cell incorporate phosphatidyl-serine on the outer leaflet of plasma membrane so that amphipathic AMPs can bind to the membrane to kill it. Our data supported that notion because suitable size osmo-protectant PEG4000 prevented HeLa cells from death induced by Pc-pis. Additionally, Fusion protein GFP-Pc-pis accumulated mainly at the nuclear membranes of HeLa cells and positive net charge in modified Pc-pis intensified but negative net charges eliminated this effect. Thus, positively charged residues were important for its affinity to the membrane. Our work will lay the groundwork of the development of Pc-pis antitumor activity.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Peixes/farmacologia , Animais , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/farmacologia , Células HeLa , Humanos , Membrana Nuclear/metabolismo , Perciformes , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia
17.
Org Lett ; 20(11): 3332-3336, 2018 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29771129

RESUMO

A series of bibenzo[ b][1,4]thiazines with various functional groups has been synthesized by a free-radical condensation reaction. Bibenzo[ b][1,4]thiazines were obtained in moderate to good yield (up to 85%) through a one-step reaction of readily available 2,2'-dithiodianiline and methyl aryl ketones with AIBN as radical initiator in HOAc. Bibenzo[ b][1,4]thiazines exhibit diversiform solid-state packing.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 47(17): 6240-6249, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687120

RESUMO

Three new luminescent transition coordination polymers, namely, {[Cd(L)(4,4-bpy)]·DMF·H2O}n (1), {[Cd2(L)2(bpe)2]·3DMF·2.5H2O}n (2), and {[Cd(L)(bibp)]·2DMF}n (3), (H2L = 4,4'-[benzene-1,3-diylbis(methanediylsulfanediyl)]dibenzoic acid, 4,4-bpy = 4,4-bipyridine, bpe = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene, and bibp = 4,4'-bis(benzoimidazo-1-ly)biphenyl), were solvothermally synthesized using Cd2+ ions and S-containing dicarboxylate acid in the presence of different N coligands. These complexes were fully characterized via elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy (IR), single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). Complexes 1-3 consist of 2-D structures through the connectivity of similar 1-D Cd-L chains by different N coligands. With an increase in the size of the N coligands, these complexes show structural changes from 2D → 3D with 3-fold interpenetration of complexes 1 and 2 to the 2-D packing modes of complex 3. The luminescence properties of these three complexes were studied in detail. The results reveal that each complex exhibits selectivity and sensitivity towards Fe3+ and Cr2O72- ions, and complex 2 demonstrates the lowest detection limit towards both ions.

19.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 74(Pt 3): 386-391, 2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29504570

RESUMO

Two new two-dimensional lanthanide coordination polymers, namely poly[[tetra-µ2-acetato-tetraaquabis(µ4-biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylato)tetrakis(dimethylacetamide)tetraterbium(III)] pentahydrate], {[Tb4(C16H6O8)2(C2H3O2)4(C4H9NO)4(H2O)4]·5H2O}n, (1), and poly[[tetra-µ2-acetato-tetraaquabis(µ5-biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylato)tetrakis(dimethylacetamide)tetraeuropium(III)] tetrahydrate], {[Eu4(C16H6O8)2(C2H3O2)4(C4H9NO)4(H2O)4]·4H2O}n, (2), have been synthesized from biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid (H4bpt) and Ln(NO3)3·6H2O (Ln = Tb and Eu) under solvothermal conditions. Single-crystal X-ray structure analysis shows that the two compounds are isostructural and crystallize in the monoclinic P21/n space group. The crystal structures are constructed from bpt4- ligands (as linkers) and {Ln2(µ2-CH3COO)2} building units (as nodes), which topological analysis shows to be a (4,6)-connected network with sql topology. Compounds (1) and (2) have been characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and fluorescence analysis in the solid state. In addition, a magnetic investigation shows the presence of antiferromagnetic interactions in compound (1).

20.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 31(2): 195-198, 2018 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29536696

RESUMO

Transient osteoporosis of the hip(TOH) is classified as a type of bone marrow edema syndrome. TOH is lack of previous study and there is still controversy about his pathogenesis. In recent years, with the development of multi-discipline, such as imaging, pathology, molecular biology, the study has found that the pathological mechanism is complex, while its mechanism is still not clear, which need further research. This paper summarizes the research progress on the pathogenesis of TOH from neurogenic, osteonecrosis, abnormal vascular function, subchondral fracture, heredity and regional acceleration and son on.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Óssea/patologia , Edema/patologia , Articulação do Quadril/patologia , Osteoporose/patologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Osteonecrose/patologia
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