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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 252: 119498, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581577

RESUMO

Porous coordination polymers with organic aminium as one of the guest species possess a potential application in dye adsorption and white-light material manufacture. Polycarboxylic acid with multiple COOH substituents tends to form this type of porous material (with metal ion). Here the solvothermal self-assembly between Cd2+ and a hexacarboxylic acid creates such a porous material [(CH3)2NH2]6[Cd3(L)2]·5DMF·3H2O (H6L = 3,4-di(3,5-dicarboxyphenyl)phthalic acid) 1. Total potential guest accessible void volume in 3-D 1 is found to be 4327 Å3. Based on its better porous structure and stability, the ability of 1 to adsorb organic dyes is investigated. It has been proved that (i) 1 can selectively adsorb cationic dyes as Azure A (AA+) and/or Methylene Blue (MB+), rather than neutral and anionic ones; (ii) the maximum adsorption capacity is 698.2 mg·g-1 for AA+ and 573.2 mg·g-1 for MB+, respectively; and (iii) to the adsorption of AA+, it can be recycled for at least five rounds. Also, it is utilized to fabricate the while-light emitting material. Based on the blue-light emission of 1, the trace Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions are introduced into the pores of 1 successfully, obtaining a white-light emitting material Eu3+/Tb3+@1 (CIE chromaticity coordinates: (0.33, 0.32)). Meanwhile, Eu3+/Tb3+@1 is found to be a potential fluorescence photochromic material, showing a yellow-white-blue light emission. According to these investigations, the relationship between material structure and its adsorption property for dyes, the points that should be paid attention to in the construction of white-light emitting materials as well as the potential adsorption mechanism for dyes and rare earth ions are deeply discussed.

2.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 1, 2021 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402220

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has caused millions of infections and deaths worldwide since its emergence in December 2019. As there is little or no natural immunity in the human population or specific anti-COVID-19 drugs, researchers from the government, academia and industry are developing vaccines at an unprecedented speed to halt the pandemic. In this review, the results of animal experiments and clinical trials on several vaccine technical platforms are summarized, and several challenges are also discussed to further promote the development, evaluation and application of vaccines during the challenging situation of the global pandemic.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , /imunologia , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Avaliação de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos
3.
Cell Biol Int ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501699

RESUMO

Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are thought to be exclusively nuclear and guide nucleotide modifications of ribosomal RNAs. Recently, more and more evidence has suggested that the nucleolus is a stress sensor for changes in growth status and that snoRNAs may orchestrate the response to environmental stress through molecular interactions outside of the nucleus. We previously showed that a box C/D snoRNA Bm-15 had both nuclear and cytoplasmic location in BmN4 cell line of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. To further study the functional roles of Bm-15, changes in expression level and cellular location of Bm-15 were examined in BmN4 cells subjected to serum starvation and ultraviolet (UV) ray radiation. Results indicated that total RNA level of Bm-15 was unchanged after 24 h serum starvation, but exhibited 3-fold increases in the cytoplasm, and the nuclear-to-cytosolic distribution ratio was reduced from 5:1 to 2:1. Moreover, UV radiation also causes rapid decline in nuclear Bm-15 and progressive cytoplasmic accumulation with a percentage of 22% and 57% after 6 and 24 h UV radiation. UV treatment results in a dramatic decrease in Bm-15 nuclear-to-cytosolic ratio from 7:1 to 2:1 and 2:1 to 1:20 after 6 and 24 h UV radiation, respectively. We show here for the first time that box C/D snoRNAs can translocate from the nucleus to the cytoplasm under the abiotic stress of nutritional deficiency and UV radiation. The rapid translocation of snoRNAs from nucleus to cytoplasm may slow down the maturation of rRNAs and synthesis of ribosomes to enhance the stress resistance of cells.

4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(3): 1771-1782, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438367

RESUMO

Cyp26a1 had important roles in mouse embryo implantation and was highly expressed in some of NK cells at the human maternal-foetal interface in early pregnancy. However, the regulatory effect of Cyp26a1 on NK cells remains poorly understood. Through qPCR and flow cytometric assays, we found that Cyp26a1 was expressed by mouse uterine NK cells but not spleen NK cells during the peri-implantation period and there was a group of NK cells that highly expressed Cyp26a1, that is Cyp26a1+ NK cell subset. single cell-population transcriptome sequencing on Cyp26a1+ NK and Cyp26a1- NK cell subsets was performed. We found that there were 3957 differentially expressed genes in the Cyp26a1+ NK cell subset with a cut-off of fold change ≥2 and FDR < 0.01, 2509 genes were up-regulated and 1448 genes were down-regulated in Cyp26a1+ NK cell subset. Moreover, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction signalling pathway and natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity signalling pathway were enriched according to KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. We further found that the expression of Gzma and Klrg1 was significantly increased and Fcgr4 was significantly decreased when inhibiting Cyp26a1. Our experimental results show that there is a novel NK cell subset of Cyp26a1+ NK cells in mouse uterus and Cyp26a1 can regulate the gene expression of Gzma, Klrg1 and Fcgr4 in the Cyp26a1+ NK cells.

5.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 18: 3723-3733, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33304467

RESUMO

Toxic effectors secreted by the type VI secretion system (T6SS) facilitate interbacterial warfare, as well as pathogenesis toward humans, animals and plants. However, systematically predicting T6SS effectors remains challenging due to their sequence and functional diversity. In this study, we systematically identified putative T6SS toxic effectors in prokaryotic genomes on the basis of the observation that genes encoding adaptor proteins and genes encoding cognate effector proteins are generally adjacent in the genome. Adaptor proteins are mediators that help to load their cognate effectors onto the T6SS spike complex. The contextual genes of the known adaptor proteins (DUF1795, DUF2169 or DUF4123) all exhibited a high proportion of encoding T6SS spike complex protein (VgrG or PAAR) and effector proteins. On the basis of the genomic context, we found that PRK06147 might be a novel adaptor protein. These four adaptors are widely distributed among the bacterial genomes. From neighbors of 5297 adaptor genes, we identified 1356 putative effector genes from 92 different families, and two-thirds were currently annotated as hypothetical proteins or as having unknown functions. Our results indicate that each class of adaptors can be used as an effective marker to identify T6SS toxic effectors, moreover, this approach can promote the discovery of new effectors.

6.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 497, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systematic investigation and analysis of cardiovascular health status (CVHS) of Chinese women is rare. This study aimed to assess CVHS and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) burden in the Chinese women physicians (CWP) and community-based non-physician cohort (NPC). METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter, observational study, CVHS using the American Heart Association (AHA) defined 7 metrics (such as smoking and fasting glucose) and ASCVD risk factors including hypertension, hyperlipidemia and type-2 diabetes were evaluated in CWP compared with NPC. RESULTS: Of 5832 CWP with a mean age of 44 ± 7 years, only 1.2% achieved the ideal CVHS and 90.1% showed at least 1 of the 7 AHA CVHS metrics at a poor level. Total CVHS score was significantly decreased and ASCVD risk burden was increased in postmenopausal subjects in CWP although ideal CVHS was not significantly influenced by menopause. Compared to 2596 NPC, fewer CWP had ≥ 2 risk factors (8% vs. 27%, P < 0.001); CWP scored significantly higher on healthy factors, a composite of total cholesterol, blood pressure, fasting glucose (P < 0.001), but, poorly on healthy behaviors (P < 0.001), specifically in the physical activity component; CWP also showed significantly higher levels of awareness and rates of treatment for hypertension and hyperlipidemia, but, not for type-2 diabetes. CONCLUSION: Chinese women's cardiovascular health is far from ideal and risk intervention is sub-optimal. Women physicians had lower ASCVD burden, scored higher in healthy factors, but, took part in less physical activity than the non-physician cohort. These results call for population-specific early and improved risk intervention.

7.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 2032056, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101541

RESUMO

Substantial advance supports that CMTM2 serve as an important performer in physiological and pathological processes. However, very little is clear about the relationship between CMTM2 and HBV-related disorders. Here, for the first time, we explore that whether or not serum CMTM2 is involved in HBV-related diseases. We found that CMTM2 values were significantly lower in patients compared to healthy control (p <0.001), using ELISA assay. Furthermore, serum CMTM2 levels were negatively correlated with HBV DNA levels in CHB patients but not correlated with the serum levels of ALT and AST. Serum CMTM2 concentrations were not correlated with the serum levels of ALT, AST and HBV DNA load in HBLC and HCC patients. In addition, analysis of the ROC curve indicated that CMTM2 levels were significantly associated with the diagnostic value of HBV-related disorders. Finally, downregulation of CMTM2 was observed in HBV-infected cell model. CMTM2 degradation could be attributed to HBx-activated Lys48 (K48)-linked polyubiquitination, which was abolished by treatment with the proteasome inhibitor MG132. HBV infection suppresses CMTM2 expression by activating ubiquitin-proteasome system. Serum CMTM2 levels can be adopted as an effective indicator of the pathogenesis of HBV-related disorders.

8.
Plant Physiol ; 184(4): 1731-1743, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023939

RESUMO

During the course of evolution of land plants, different classes of flavonoids, including flavonols and anthocyanins, sequentially emerged, facilitating adaptation to the harsh terrestrial environment. Flavanone 3ß-hydroxylase (F3H), an enzyme functioning in flavonol and anthocyanin biosynthesis and a member of the 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase (2-ODD) family, catalyzes the hydroxylation of (2S)-flavanones to dihydroflavonols, but its origin and evolution remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that functional flavone synthase Is (FNS Is) are widely distributed in the primitive land plants liverworts and evolutionarily connected to seed plant F3Hs. We identified and characterized a set of 2-ODD enzymes from several liverwort species and plants in various evolutionary clades of the plant kingdom. The bifunctional enzyme FNS I/F2H emerged in liverworts, and FNS I/F3H evolved in Physcomitrium (Physcomitrella) patens and Selaginella moellendorffii, suggesting that they represent the functional transition forms between canonical FNS Is and F3Hs. The functional transition from FNS Is to F3Hs provides a molecular basis for the chemical evolution of flavones to flavonols and anthocyanins, which contributes to the acquisition of a broader spectrum of flavonoids in seed plants and facilitates their adaptation to the terrestrial ecosystem.

9.
J Equine Vet Sci ; 92: 103152, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797780

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Babesia caballi and Theileria equi in horses imported into Shanghai port. Between 2018 and 2019, 344 horse sera samples were collected and tested for B. caballi and T. equi, using commercially available kits. Only one B. caballi seropositive sample was detected. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a B. caballi seropositive in imported horses at Shanghai port, which reflects the importance of monitoring piroplasmosis seroprevalence in imported horses.

10.
Am J Transl Res ; 12(6): 2711-2725, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32655803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Imatinib resistance is commonly associated with the activation of BCR-ABL signaling in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). The activation of Lyn can result in imatinib resistance by regulating the formation of BCR-ABL protein complexes. SIRT1 is a novel survival pathway activated by BCR-ABL expression in haematopoietic progenitor cells. This study aimed to investigate whether the signaling pathway of Lyn/BCR-ABL/SIRT1 could mediate imatinib resistance in CML. METHODS: The MTT assay was used to detect cell viability. Apoptosis was measured by a flow cytometry assay. Protein expression was detected by Western blotting. Knockdown CML cells were constructed by shRNA interference. The CML mouse model was used to investigate the role of SIRT1 in CML in vivo. RESULTS: Lyn was overexpressed in K562R cells. BCR-ABL phosphorylation and activation were promoted by Lyn. Imatinib suppressed BCR-ABL phosphorylation in both K562 and K562R cells. BCR-ABL positively regulated SIRT1 and Foxo1 but negatively regulated acetylated Foxo1 (Ac-Foxo1) and p53 expression. Pharmacological inhibition of SIRT1 or knockdown of SIRT1 increased apoptosis and reduced growth in vitro and in vivo. Foxo1 was downregulated by SIRT1 inhibition or knockdown, while Ac-Foxo1 and p53 were upregulated. In vivo experiments showed that imatinib and/or SIRT1 inhibition both prolonged the survival of the CML mouse model and that the effects of imatinib were enhanced in combination with SIRT1 inhibition. CONCLUSION: We proposed a novel molecular mechanism of imatinib resistance in CML in which the high expression of Lyn in imatinib-resistant cells inhibited Ac-Foxo1 and p53 expression through the BCR-ABL/SIRT1/Foxo1 signaling pathway, thus reducing apoptosis and mediating imatinib resistance.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(65): 9396-9399, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676633

RESUMO

Developing green and sustainable Pickering interfacial catalysts for organic reactions in water is of great importance to both the environment and human health. In this study, Janus-type amphiphilic cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were synthesized by the surface modification of hydrophilic CNCs with hydrophobic alkyl chains for efficient Pickering emulsion stabilization. Further deposition of palladium nanoparticles on amphiphilic CNCs provides catalytic activity for organic reactions in water, which occur at the interface of water and the organic reactant phase. Different reactions, hydrogenation and C-C coupling, were performed using the obtained Pickering interfacial catalyst. Excellent results were achieved in both reactions. The catalyst developed in our study is expected to advance the field of environment-friendly catalyst systems for green chemistry.

12.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 274-279, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the developmental and morphological characteristics of the mandible in patients with impacted mandibular second molar and to predict the possible trend of mandibular development via three-dimensional (3D) measurement and analysis. METHODS: A total of 88 cases of impacted group and 88 cases of control group were screened out. 3D measurements were performed by using Mimics software. A total of 23 landmark points and 17 measurements were determined. The measurements were analyzed by t-test. RESULTS: The mandible length, the space between the first molars, the space between mandibular angles, and the width between the first molars in the impacted group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Moreover, the value of the submandibular angle was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The impacted mandible of patients with mandibular second molar showed lack of sagittal and width development, and the impacted mandibular second molar was a manifestation of its degeneration.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Molar , Software
13.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(27): 34357-34368, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557069

RESUMO

In recent years, the Chinese government has proposed a policy to replace coal use with natural gas and electricity in the northern region to reduce the air pollution caused by the large consumption of coal. In order to assess the air pollution reduction effect of the coal substitution policy in Liaoning Province, this paper proposes a data grouping grey model with a fractional order accumulation (FDGGM (1,1)). The empirical analysis results show that the new grey model can predict the monthly coal consumption more accurately than the traditional DGGM (1,1) model. The MAPEs of the training set in the FDGGM(1,1) and DGGM(1,1) models are 4.58% and 5.48%, and the MAPEs of the test set are 23.89% and 33.78%, respectively. And the policy achieves a great success based on the FDGGM(1,1) model. During the policy implementation period (from January 2015 to December 2018), the coal consumption in Liaoning Province decreased by 27.2501 million tons, while the emissions of CO2, SO2 and NOx fell by 0.714, 0.2316 and 0.2017 million tons, respectively. The results also provide a necessary support to the further implementation of the coal substitution policy.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Carvão Mineral/análise , Gás Natural , Centrais Elétricas
14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(3): 802-807, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the function and mechanism of transcription factor of MEIS1 and miR-425 to the proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia cell K562. METHODS: Bioinformatic prediction was used to analyze the binding of MEIS1 in miR-425 promoter region. ChIP-qPCR coupled with dual luciferase assay was used to detect the combination of MEIS1 and the transcription activity of miR-425, and its regulative role in the transcription activity miR-425. CCK-8 was used to detect the effect of MEIS1 and miR-425 on cell proliferation. Flow cytometry with PI staining was used to detected the effect of MEIS1 and miR-425 on K562 cell cycle progression. Western blot was used to examine the effect of miR-452 on the expression level of MEIS1. RESULTS: MEIS1 could bind the promoter of miR-425 and repressed its transcription. After K562 was transfected by shRNA, the K562 cell proliferation and cell cycle progression was significantly inhibitied. Moreover, after K562 cells were transfected by miR-425 mimic, cell proliferation and cell cycle was inhibited. The expression level of MEIS1 could be inhibited by the combination of miR-425 and MEIS1 3'UTR. CONCLUSION: MEIS1 can inhibit the activity of miR-425 in transcriptional level, while the miR-425 can suppress the expression of MEIS1 protein in post-transnational level. Therefore, a regulatory circuit comprising from MEIS1 and miR-425 regulates K562 cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína Meis1/genética , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Células K562 , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética
15.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(11): 10663-10675, 2020 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516130

RESUMO

Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibitor therapy leads to immune-related adverse events (irAEs). We sought to evaluate whether the development of irAEs correlates with the treatment response in Chinese patients with advanced melanoma. In this study, we conducted a retrospective study of advanced melanoma patients who received PD-1 inhibitor therapy in China between August 2014 and March 2018. A total of 93 patients treated with PD-1 inhibitors including pembrolizumab and nivolumab were enrolled. The most frequent irAEs were pruritus, rash, vitiligo, and fatigue. The median time to onset of irAEs was 6.1 weeks. The overall response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were higher in patients with irAEs than those without irAEs (P = 0.004 and P = 0.003, respectively), and better in patients who experienced three or more irAEs than those with none (P <0.001 and P <0.001, respectively). The ORR and DCR were significantly better in patients with grade 1 to 2 irAEs when compared with those with none (P = 0.002 and P = 0.003, respectively). In addition, the median progression-free survival and overall survival were longer in patients with irAEs than in those without irAEs (P = 0.007 and P = 0.002, respectively). In conclusion, our data demonstrated that irAEs were associated with a better clinical outcome after treatment with PD-1 inhibitor therapy in Chinese patients with advanced melanoma.

16.
Innate Immun ; 26(6): 505-513, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456598

RESUMO

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a nasal mucosal inflammatory disease mediated by environmental allergens. At present, the relationship between the IL-33/ST2 axis, ERK1/2 pathway and AR progression needs further exploration. In our study, an AR model was constructed in vitro by treating HNEpC cells with Der p1. qRT-PCR was applied to assess the mRNA levels of IL-33, ST2, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8. Western blotting was used to measure the protein levels of IL-33, ST2, and the downstream proteins p-ERK1/2, ERK1/2, p-RSK, and RSK. IL-6, IL-8, IL-33, and TNF-α protein levels in cell supernatants were evaluated by ELISA. Flow cytometry was performed to check cell apoptosis of HNEpC in the presence or absence of Der p1. Our results indicate that the relative levels of IL-33, ST2, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8 were increased significantly in the AR model group. The above effects were notably reversed after transfection with shIL-33 or shST2. IL-33 stimulation further resulted in the increase in both ST2 and inflammation-associated cytokines, and these effects were restored after shST2 treatment. Also, the levels of inflammatory factors induced by IL-33 stimulation or ST2 overexpression were reversed after applying an ERK1/2 pathway blocker. In conclusion, IL-33/ST2 mediated inflammation of nasal mucosal epithelial cells by inducing the ERK1/2 pathway.

17.
Rice (N Y) ; 13(1): 15, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Loose Plant Architecture 1 (LPA1), an indeterminate domain (IDD) protein, exhibits almost no expression in the leaves, but the overexpression of LPA1 significantly increases the resistance of rice to sheath blight disease (ShB) via the activation of PIN-FORMED 1a (PIN1a). RESULTS: In this study, we determined that Rhizoctonia solani infection significantly induced LPA1 expression in the leaves, and lpa1 was more susceptible to R. solani compared with the wild-type and revertant plants. In addition, infection with R. solani altered the expression of IDD3, IDD5, IDD10, and IDD13, and yeast two-hybrid, split-GFP, and coimmunoprecipitation assays showed that LPA1 interacts with IDD3 and IDD13. IDD13 RNAi plants were more susceptible, while IDD13 overexpressors were less susceptible to ShB compared with the wild-type. In parallel, idd3 exhibited no significant differences, while IDD3 overexpressors were more susceptible compared to the wild-type response to ShB. Additional chromatin-immunoprecipitation and electrophoretic mobility shift assay experiments indicated that IDD13 and IDD3 bound to the PIN1a promoter, and the transient assay indicated that IDD13 and IDD3 positively and negatively regulate PIN1a expression, respectively. Moreover, IDD13, IDD3, and LPA1 form a transcription factor complex that regulates PIN1a. A genetic study showed that the LPA1 repressor lines were similar to lpa1/IDD13 RNAi and were more susceptible than the lpa1 and IDD13 RNAi plants in response to ShB. The overexpression of IDD13 increased resistance to ShB in the lpa1 background. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our analyses established that IDD3, IDD13, and LPA1 form a transcription factor complex to regulate the defense of rice against ShB possibly via the regulation of PIN1a.

18.
Oncoimmunology ; 9(1): 1711650, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32042474

RESUMO

Background: Although PD-1 blockade has significantly improved the survival of metastatic colorectal cancer with DNA Mismatch Repair-Deficient/Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H), the data on neoadjuvant setting is limited. Methods: In this retrospective study, we enrolled eight patients with advanced MSI-H colorectal cancer from three hospitals. Four patients are locally advanced and four are metastatic. All the patients received at least two doses of PD-1 antibody with or without chemotherapy as neoadjuvant therapy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term efficacy and toxicities of this strategy. Results: All the enrolled eight patients had a major response in imaging and/or pathological evaluation. Five of the seven resected patients were evaluated as pathological complete response. One patient without surgery has a clinical complete response (cCR) tumor response. Conclusions: Neoadjuvant PD-1 blockade induced tumor regression with a major clinical and pathological response in advanced dMMR/MSI-H colorectal cancer. Further studies are required to evaluate the long-term effect of this strategy.

19.
Food Chem ; 309: 125767, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711811

RESUMO

This study explored the impact of re-acetylation on induced electric field (IEF)-assisted hydrolysis of chitosan. Chitosan with different degree of deacetylation (DD) exhibited different charge content but similar electrical conductivity and output voltage of the electrolyte system, thus theoretically resulting in equivalent electro-processing efficiency. However, molecular and rheological measurements suggested that the hydrolysis rate decreased with an increase of DD. Re-acetylation had no significant effect on the molecular weight and viscosity of chitosan but damaged its granular and crystal structure, making chitosan chains more susceptible to the acid. The IEF-assisted hydrolysis of dissolved chitosan confirmed that the structural compactness of chitosan played a more important role on the hydrolysis than the charge content. This study extended current knowledge regarding the effect of charge content and structural compactness on IEF-assisted hydrolysis process, which contributed to the applications of IEF in biopolymer modification.


Assuntos
Ácidos/química , Quitosana/química , Acetilação , Cristalização , Condutividade Elétrica , Hidrólise , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Peso Molecular , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Viscosidade
20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 78: 105947, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796384

RESUMO

Our previous study has found that zileuton, a selective 5-lipoxygenase (5LO) inhibitor, abrogated lipopolysaccharide-induced depressive-like behaviors and hippocampal neuroinflammation. Herein, we further extended our curiosity to investigate effects of zileuton on stress-induced depressive-like behaviors. Our data indicated that zileuton significantly ameliorated depressive-like behaviors in mice subjected to chronic mild stress (CMS), as shown in the tail suspension test, forced swimming test and novelty-suppressed feeding test. The further studies indicated that zileuton suppressed hippocampal neuroinflammation, evidenced by lower levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and nuclear NF-κB p65 as well as decreased number of Iba1-positive cells. It also significantly ameliorated hippocampal apoptosis, indicated by deceased number of TUNEL-positive cells, deceased ratio of cleaved caspase-3/procaspase-3 and increased ratio of Bcl-2/Bax. More importantly, zileuton increased the level of synaptic proteins PSD-95 and SYN and the number of NeuN+/BrdU+ cells in the hippocampus. Over all, zileuton alleviated CMS-induced depressive-like behaviors, neuroinflammatory and apoptotic responses, abnormalities of synapse and neurogenesis in the hippocampus, suggesting that it might has beneficial effects on depression.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Encefalite/tratamento farmacológico , Hidroxiureia/análogos & derivados , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão/metabolismo , Depressão/patologia , Encefalite/metabolismo , Encefalite/patologia , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/patologia , Hidroxiureia/farmacologia , Hidroxiureia/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/patologia , Sinapses/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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